Dark color of urine in a child – reasons, why it is dangerous and what to do

Any responsible parent is attentive not only to the nutrition and complaints of the child, but also to his trips to the toilet. Therefore, dark or unusual color of urine can be troubling, especially if it becomes persistent.

The normal state of human urine is a straw-yellow color, no sediment or flakes, a liquid consistency, and a mild ammonia odor. However, a child’s body is much less stable than an adult, therefore, many different processes take place in it, both safe and posing a threat to health.

In young children, infants and newborns, urine is usually lighter than in children, who consume more various substances and trace elements that give urine a rich color.

Since urine is a waste product, the food eaten has a tremendous effect on it. For the most part, all the characteristics of the released fluid depend on nutrition. But with its help, you can diagnose problems in the work of internal organs, maturing infectious diseases.

Causes of abnormal urine

Before mentioning the most critical cases, it is worth mentioning several objective reasons for the appearance of a dark color. The concentration of urinary sediment depends on the amount of salts, acids and other organic matter secreted by the body. In the morning, urine is predominantly darker than at other times of the day, since the fluid content is significantly reduced.

Often, urine is stained with medications, bright foods, or food colors. Vitamin complexes and carrots give urine a bright yellow or orange color, even darker shades (from dark orange to brown) are the result of the consumption of black tea, rhubarb, legumes, beef.

Almost always, urine stains when taking antipsychotics, antibiotics, laxatives and anthelmintics, anti-malaria and tuberculosis drugs, as well as painkillers and hormonal drugs.

Finally, urine can be colored red, burgundy, dark brown or acid orange due to inflammation of the internal organs, urinary tract, viral diseases.

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The most dangerous causes of urine discoloration

Danger of dark urine

Often, a change in urine is an important signal of a malfunction in the body. If the symptom manifests itself for a long time, and safe factors that could provoke it are excluded, you should immediately consult a doctor. After the examination, the child can be diagnosed with:

  • Urolithiasis, cystitis, nephritis and glomerulonephritis.
  • Tumors of the kidneys and urinary tract (rarely – of cancer origin)
  • Dystrophy.
  • Hemolytic anemia.
  • Hepatitis.
  • Alcaptonuria is a hereditary disorder that affects about 1 in 30 thousand people

Conducting diagnostics

A specialist, at the mention of a changed color of urine, conducts a general survey about the condition of the child. Concomitant symptoms can be general malaise, acute pain in the lower abdomen, cramps and pulling pains in the coccyx and lower back, migraines, intestinal upset, fever.

After that, urine tests, general and biochemical blood tests, and an analysis for antibodies to hepatitis are immediately taken.

To identify the state of internal organs, referrals are given for ultrasound examination of the bladder and kidneys. Further, it becomes clear what other surveys need to be carried out to clarify the presence and nature of deviations.

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What measures are taken when urine is darkened?

If the color change has occurred as a result of ingestion of highly colored food or medicines, then you should not worry – after a certain time, the urine will return to normal. The only thing you can do to help filter the body is to increase the intake of fluids and sorbent products.

With severe dehydration, the doctor tells you how to get the child’s body out of this state with the least loss and normalize fluid metabolism. Usually, such aids as Regidron, Regidralight or Pedialight are prescribed to help restore the acid-base balance of the body.

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For problems with the liver and gallbladder, more serious medicines are prescribed: hepatoprotectors and essential drugs, enzymes (Creon, etc.), possibly antibiotics and diuretics. With severe intoxication, great attention is also paid to supporting the liver and purifying the blood (droppers, drinking plenty of fluids, bactericidal infusions).

During the recovery period, salt is excluded from the diet, due to its ability to retain moisture in the body. Rice, croutons, fruits are good.

In fact, the variety of diseases that can cause clouding of urine is huge, so even in the absence of other signs, it is better to be vigilant and consult a pediatrician.

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Svetlana Borszavich

General practitioner, cardiologist, with active work in therapy, gastroenterology, cardiology, rheumatology, immunology with allergology.
Fluent in general clinical methods for the diagnosis and treatment of heart disease, as well as electrocardiography, echocardiography, monitoring of cholera on an ECG and daily monitoring of blood pressure.
The treatment complex developed by the author significantly helps with cerebrovascular injuries and metabolic disorders in the brain and vascular diseases: hypertension and complications caused by diabetes.
The author is a member of the European Society of Therapists, a regular participant in scientific conferences and congresses in the field of cardiology and general medicine. She has repeatedly participated in a research program at a private university in Japan in the field of reconstructive medicine.