Cerebrovascular dystonia – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment methods and prevention

If the diagnosis of vascular dystonia of the brain is confirmed, adequate treatment should be prescribed. A feature of this disease is the lack of the mandatory need for drug therapy. In this case, it is shown to change your rhythm of life:

  • a full night’s sleep for 7-8 hours;
  • walks in the fresh air lasting 40 minutes daily;
  • airing the room before going to bed;
  • alternate mental activity with physical activity and vice versa;
  • twice a week to engage in adequate physical activity in the case of a hypodynamic lifestyle;
  • getting rid of bad habits;
  • take a contrast shower daily, preferably before bedtime;
  • good nutrition, including a large number of fresh vegetables, fruits and animal proteins.

The reasons for the development of vegetovascular pathology are sometimes difficult to establish, this requires a comprehensive diagnosis of the state of health. VVD therapy should be aimed at treating the underlying disease, but if it could not be detected, symptomatic therapy is carried out.

A number of approaches are used to treat manifestations of VVD:

  • lifestyle correction;
  • physiotherapy;
  • methods of auto-training;
  • drug treatment.

Physical activity is extremely important to maintain vascular health and improve blood circulation. With a sedentary lifestyle, the symptoms of VVD will worsen, so people with this symptom complex should pay special attention to physical activity. To do this, it is not necessary to visit the gym and exhaust yourself with intense exercises:

  • Walking at bedtime improves blood circulation and helps to cope with insomnia. To do this, just walk for 20-30 minutes an hour before sleeping in the fresh air.
  • Even 30 minutes of physiotherapy exercises per day have a positive effect on health. This improves mood and metabolism.
  • If you use a ladder instead of an elevator, then climbing to a height of several floors will help strengthen the cardiovascular system.

In addition to physical education, massage, relaxing baths, visits to spas, aromatherapy, yoga also have a beneficial effect on patients with vegetative dystonia syndrome. This effect allows you to relieve stress and improve the psycho-emotional state, reduce anxiety.

In those cases when physiotherapy and lifestyle correction do not help improve the patient’s condition, drug treatment is carried out. For this, the following drugs are used:

  • antidepressants;
  • means for normalizing blood pressure;
  • vascular strengthening preparations;
  • vitamins and antioxidant complexes.

To alleviate unpleasant symptoms, you can also use folk remedies based on adaptogen plants (ginseng, eleutherococcus) or sedative herbal remedies (motherwort, hawthorn, valerian). Before using any herbal remedies, you should consult your doctor. Only a qualified specialist can prescribe a rational treatment.

The first thing patients think about is how to relieve spasm of cerebral vessels and stabilize the general condition? Acceptance of antispasmodics by means of superficial self-medication is not able to provide a stable therapeutic effect or prevention. Doctors insist on an integrated approach to the health problem. In this case, we are talking about drugs and a change in habitual lifestyle. The basic rules are as follows:

  • rejection of bad habits;
  • the exclusion of increased physical exertion and stress;
  • walks in the fresh air, a contrast shower;
  • proper nutrition;
  • taking drugs in remission and relapse.
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In search of an answer to how to cure vegetovascular dystonia, it is important to understand that without drugs, this dangerous syndrome cannot be eliminated, and the number of relapses cannot be reduced. After taking medication, the disorder of the systemic blood flow partially disappears, so the patient will have to live with careful observance of the recommendations of a specialist. In most clinical pictures, complex therapy has the following form:

  1. Preparations for improving blood circulation: Ginkoum, Omaron, Memoplant, Aminalon.
  2. Antidepressants: Paxil, Fevarin, Anafranil, Anafen.
  3. Vasodilators: Eufillin, Papaverine, Pentoxifylline, Piracetam.
  4. Tranquilizers: Phenazepam, Seduxen, Phenibut, Relanium.
  5. Multivitamin complexes: Complivit, Vitrum, Selmevit, Multimax.

With progressive dysfunction of large arteries, vessels and capillaries, it is first necessary to stop an acute attack with a medication, and then follow the recommendations of a specialist as a prophylaxis. If you do nothing, the autonomic disturbance will only intensify. The recommendations of specialists with nervous disorders and their predisposition to those are as follows:

  1. In case of vegetative disturbances, the diet should contain a large amount of magnesium and potassium salts (tomatoes, raisins, apricots, eggplant).
  2. Nervous experiences and physical exertion must pass away from the patient’s life, cardio exercises are allowed.
  3. Contrast shower and special gymnastics will help to quickly eliminate vegetative disorders, strengthen weakened immunity.
  4. It is important to control the phase of sleep, take vitamins in their natural form, limit the dubious intake of medications and superficial self-medication.
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With a minimal effect of stimuli on the body, a person begins to feel better: unpleasant symptoms disappear, pathological hypertonicity decreases, cheerfulness and working capacity return. However, the changes are temporary in nature, often in need of medical correction.

  • normalization of the regime of the day: to ensure a good rest, intensify leisure, get enough sleep,
  • to refuse from bad habits,
  • maintain a balanced diet
  • carry out water procedures: hardening, contrast shower, therapeutic baths,
  • physiotherapy,
  • head and cervical collar massage,
  • auto training,
  • breathing exercises.

From a medical point of view, the prescription of drugs is justified in case of failure of the above methods. At the first stage, symptomatic therapy is prescribed. The main problem is the regulation of pressure changes. For this purpose, calcium channel blockers, peripheral vasodilators, diuretics are used.

If necessary, go to the second stage – sympathomimetics. Drugs normalize vascular tone disorders, providing a central effect. You can specifically eliminate adrenal gland disorders by using ganglion blockers. In severe cases, when diencephalic crises are present, use means with a targeted point of influence: parasympathetic or sympathetic systems. Such a point is the limbic system and the hypothalamus.

It’s important to know! For preventive purposes, a thorough MRI scan is performed. The level of disturbance, the supply of blood to various pools of the brain, the presence of venous stasis, cerebrospinal fluid dynamics are determined.

  • normalization of the regime of the day: to provide a good rest, intensify leisure, get enough sleep;
  • to refuse from bad habits;
  • stick to a balanced diet;
  • carry out water procedures: hardening, contrast shower, therapeutic baths;
  • physiotherapy;
  • head and cervical collar massage;
  • auto-training;
  • breathing exercises.

A patient with a similar diagnosis may be under constant supervision by a neurologist, psychiatrist, therapist, or endocrinologist, depending on the severity of the symptoms.

An effective course of treatment for vegetative-vascular dystonia should be comprehensive, long-term and individual, taking into account the personality characteristics of the patient, his general state of health, emotional background and associated diseases.

Since VVD is for the most part a disease of the nervous system, non-drug treatment is preferable. How to strengthen cerebral vessels in VVD without medication?

Proper nutrition will help strengthen the body. We limit the intake of salt, liquid, strong coffee and tea, refuse all fried, fatty, smoked, canned, spicy, spicy, flour and sweet, add cereals, seafood, cottage cheese, dairy products, legumes, meat, nuts, fruits to our diet and vegetables.

Compliance with the correct regimen of the day is a very important component of the effective treatment of cerebral arterial pressure. You need to go to bed and wake up every day at the same time, even on weekends and on vacation. It is undesirable to get up and get out of bed immediately after waking up, it is better to set the alarm 5 minutes earlier and lie down a bit.

Before going to bed, give up watching TV, reading books and surfing the web. A warm bath and a pleasant conversation with a loved one will help to relax, rest and prepare yourself for sleep. Avoid any conflicts with family, friends, neighbors, colleagues throughout the day, especially at bedtime.

Sufficient physical activity supports the autonomic nervous system in good shape. We do morning exercises, walks, physiotherapy exercises. If the work is sedentary, it is necessary to regularly rise from a chair and walk around the office, develop muscles, and do light gymnastics. In the evening after work, do not rush to be on the couch by the TV, walk before bedtime and breathe in fresh air is much more useful.

Water procedures perfectly relieve stress, improve mood and strengthen muscles (swimming in the pool, aqua aerobics, baths, contrast shower, douche).

Home therapy

After carrying out the necessary complex of research procedures, the next step is to determine the treatment regimen for vascular dystonia, which consists of several therapeutic stages.

Group of drugsName
TranquilizersGrandaxin, Seduxen
AntidepressantsAmitriptyline, Asafen
Blood pressure normalizersß-blockers, sympatholytics
Cerebrovascular MedicineVinpocetine
NeurolepticsSonopax, Melleril
Sleeping pillsSonnat, Doxylamine
AntiarrhythmicsAsparkam, Panangin
SedativeHerbion, Novo-Passit
DiureticsDiacarb, Lasix
AdaptogensGinseng extracts, Eleutherococcus
VitaminsGroups A, B, E
Calcium preparationsCalcium gluconate
Amino acidsglycine
Homeopathic medicinesNervochel, Kralonin

The selection of a specific complex of drugs, their form (capsules, droppers, etc.), dosages and duration of drug therapy is exclusively done by the attending physician on the basis of the medical history and data of additional research methods. They help strengthen the vascular walls and normalize the work of the cardiovascular system.

Helper Methods The complex of additional procedures for vascular dystonia of the brain without fail include acupuncture, massage of the collar zone and physiotherapy. The latter consist of magnetic therapy, electrophoresis using bromine, aminophylline or magnesia.

Massage and acupuncture with dystonia help relieve spasms of blood vessels, accelerate blood circulation and the flow of nutrients to the brain tissues. With osteochondrosis, they help to remove muscle contractions, which often become the root cause of dystonia.

Lifestyle change. Since the wrong lifestyle is often the main cause of dystonia, doctors are strongly advised to change their habits. Without the implementation of this recommendation, the above funds for brain dystonia will be ineffective or short-lived.

First of all, you need to develop an optimal daily routine with a change in the periods of work and rest. You need to get enough sleep (at least 8 hours) and eat right. You should abandon bad habits, do gymnastics and auto-training.

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The following popular recipes can be used as traditional medicine methods for dystonia:

  1. Infusion of immortelle sandy: you need a small pinch of ground plant, which you need to pour a glass of boiling water; you should take a ready-made broth for a month daily;
  2. Fresh from rose hips and carrots: it is necessary to grind these ingredients in a blender in equal proportions and use them in finished form daily; helps strengthen the vascular walls;
  3. Infusion of garlic: several cloves of garlic need to grind to a homogeneous slurry and pour a glass of alcohol; then refrigerate and leave to infuse for a couple of weeks; daily add a couple drops of infusion to a glass of milk and drink.
  4. Mix of juices: beet, carrot and cucumber juices should be mixed in a ratio of 1: 3: 1 and taken orally daily for a week. Or just apply the beet halves to the temples for 5-7 minutes.

A patient with established vascular dystonia needs to learn how to control impending bouts of the disease. To quickly relieve pain right at home, experts recommend using the following methods:

  • lower your legs in cold water and hold in it for at least 3 minutes;
  • wash with cold water and lie down;
  • drink a glass of warm water with a little honey;
  • do self-massage: slowly stroke the forehead on the left and right in the palm of the nose from the nose to the temples, chin;
  • massage with circular motions of the whiskey with your fingertips;
  • apply aromatherapy: drop a drop of lavender oil, valerian, mint, jasmine on your upper lip.

If not one of the listed remedies helps with vascular dystonia, you should immediately contact a medical institution for help.


  • sedatives, antidepressants and tranquilizers artificially support the nervous system and protect it from emotional overload;
  • means for maintaining vascular tone, improving cerebral circulation;
  • drugs to keep blood pressure within normal limits;
  • Vitamin-mineral and antioxidant complexes have a general strengthening effect on nerves, blood vessels and the body as a whole.

Treatment of vascular dystonia with folk remedies

However, doctors are also advised to relieve the symptoms of dystonia and various folk remedies. It is believed that with VVD they have an extremely positive effect on the body, calming it and not allowing the syndrome to get further development.

All folk remedies that are taken for dystonia are based on the use of various herbs. Decoctions, teas and infusions are usually pleasant in taste and, as practice shows, very useful.

So, you can consider the following recipes of folk remedies used for vascular dystonia of the brain:

  1. infusion of sandy immortelle – a bright yellow plant that grows in temperate latitudes. It is very simple to prepare it – pour a small pinch of the ground plant with boiling water. This decoction can be taken every day for a month, the effect does not appear immediately;
  2. mix carrots and wild rose in a blender and drink the resulting fresh;
  3. juniper berries;
  4. a very powerful tool for restoring normal blood pressure and vascular tone is garlic infusion. The recipe for this alternative medicine is very old, but still popular and effective, however, it is recommended to use it no more than once a year. To make the tincture you will need good garlic and about one glass of pure alcohol. The peeled garlic must be crushed and the resulting substance diluted with alcohol and placed in the refrigerator. After one to two weeks, the garlic infusion is ready.

Next, you need to buy milk and take milk with the resulting infusion three times a day. You should be careful and use at each milk intake not too many drops of infusion. You can take it in increasing increment – on the first day, one drop, on the second two, etc.

This is done so that the body gets used to this potent substance. The effect of garlic tincture is obvious – it reduces headaches, sets good blood pressure, eliminates tinnitus, that is, acts purposefully on the vessels of the brain;

  1. decoctions of various berries – black mountain ash, juniper, rosehip, currant, blueberry, raspberry;
  2. peppermint teas. Mint has a well-known calming property, so with dystonia it is recommended not only to drink drinks with the addition of this plant, but also to take mint baths;
  3. decoction of valerian root, dill and honey. To make it, you will need a glass of dill seeds, one or two tablespoons of ground Valerian root, these ingredients must be mixed and boiled for a day. Then, when ready, add a spoonful of honey there and drink several times a day. This remedy has a calming effect due to valerian root, and also perfectly cleanses blood vessels and removes toxins from the body. Long-term use of this folk remedy will allow the vessels of the brain to regain their former tone;
  4. infusion prepared from the collection of medicinal herbs: periwinkle, hawthorn, clover, dogrose, mint. Herbs are poured with boiling water, and after some time the remedy is ready. It also has the ability to cleanse blood vessels, helps to resume the clear work of the circulatory system, relieve headaches and leave a depressed state in the past;
  5. decoction of white mistletoe. Pour the crushed mistletoe with boiling water and wait one to two hours. The tool perfectly helps in cases of dystonia, when the patient constantly has high blood pressure. White mistletoe not only reduces blood pressure, but also contributes to its lesser discontinuity in the future;
  6. Russian baths with coniferous brooms;
  7. tincture of hawthorn. Sold in pharmacies, you can also do it yourself. In a hundred grams of vodka, pour the berries of hawthorn on the eye and put in a secluded place for 7-10 days. You need to take an infusion of 20-25 drops three times a day. You can add it to tea, by the way, so it will be much tastier.
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In general, treatment with folk remedies for vascular dystonia of the brain has been widely used by the people. This can be argued on the basis of even such a large number of folk recipes. The main thing is to take care of yourself and your health.

Do not take lightly to vegetative-vascular dystonia. It can be a consequence of serious diseases and deliver a person a lot of unpleasant and painful sensations.

Article author: Neurologist Konstantin Olegovich Maheev.

Preventative measures

Many patients with dystonia often complain of its characteristic manifestations only with physical, emotional stress, weather changes or frequent stresses. Therefore, with vascular dystonia of the brain, prophylactic correction of lifestyle has a significant effect.

To forget about unpleasant symptoms, sometimes it is enough to normalize the regime of work and rest, create favorable conditions at work and at home, and also abandon bad habits.

Additional recommendations help strengthen the vessels of the brain in terms of the prevention of dystonia:

  • you need to do breathing exercises, yoga, swimming, cycling and walk more;
  • Do not sit for a long time in front of the TV or computer;
  • you should try to get up and go to bed at the same time and more often be in the fresh air;
  • you need to regularly conduct hardening procedures, take a contrast shower;
  • if possible, mental and physical strain must be avo >

Proper nutrition will help get rid of vascular dystonia. To exclude the development of pathological processes characteristic of this disease, it is necessary to eat more raw vegetables and fruits with the obligatory inclusion of garlic, legumes, herbs, onions, porridge, fish and green tea in the diet.

The following list of products should be excluded from your diet: pork, lamb, smoked meats, cocoa, mayonnaise, chocolate. High-fat dairy products, fried and fatty foods, marinades are contraindicated. Smaller butter and sugar should be consumed.

Modern medicine does not yet have reliable data on methods of specific prophylaxis of cerebral vascular dystonia. Non-specific techniques include sports, proper nutrition, good sleep and reducing the effects of stress.

Preventive measures against vegetative-vascular dystonia of the brain are aimed at the general strengthening of the body, maintaining the normal functioning of the autonomic nervous system, strengthening its ability to self-regulate. Enough for this:

  • to refuse from bad habits;
  • adhere to a healthy sleep and rest regimen;
  • Healthy food;
  • avoid physical and nervous exhaustion;
  • to live an active lifestyle.

With timely detection and adequate treatment, dystonia can be treated in 90% of patients. Therefore, doctors recommend that everyone listen to their body, correctly recognize its signals and in time to seek help from specialists.


Vascular dystonia of the brain does not interfere with life, but negatively affects the quality of life. Often, it is complicated by panic attacks and serious sleep disturbances. With the timely detection of this pathology in 90% of all cases, success in treatment is achieved. But only 2 out of 10 patients contact the doctor with the above symptoms in a timely manner.

The rest come for help when no home treatment methods are already helping, and the symptoms become unbearable. And even in this case, dystonia is most often managed to be corrected and cured in time. But for this you will need to make a considerable amount of effort and strictly comply with all the doctor’s instructions. In general, the prognosis for dystonia is favorable.

Several decades ago, the occurrence of problems with the vessels of the brain was typical mainly for the elderly. Recently, dystonia is found among young people. In megacities, due to severe air pollution with a high content of toxic substances, children are not protected from it.

With vegetative-vascular dystonia of the brain, various clinical manifestations occur that disrupt the normal course of life and force a person to seek help. Sometimes specialists have to conduct a lot of research before an accurate diagnosis is established. In most cases, it is possible to cope with the disease completely, which has a beneficial effect on the general condition of the patient, allowing him to return to work, household chores and worries.

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Svetlana Borszavich

General practitioner, cardiologist, with active work in therapy, gastroenterology, cardiology, rheumatology, immunology with allergology.
Fluent in general clinical methods for the diagnosis and treatment of heart disease, as well as electrocardiography, echocardiography, monitoring of cholera on an ECG and daily monitoring of blood pressure.
The treatment complex developed by the author significantly helps with cerebrovascular injuries and metabolic disorders in the brain and vascular diseases: hypertension and complications caused by diabetes.
The author is a member of the European Society of Therapists, a regular participant in scientific conferences and congresses in the field of cardiology and general medicine. She has repeatedly participated in a research program at a private university in Japan in the field of reconstructive medicine.