The state of the whole organism depends on how the heart works. Its work consists in the fact that the muscles of this organ either tighten or relax. It provides blood flow to all organs, supplying them with oxygen and a complex of nutrients. When the heart relaxes, it gains strength for the next beat.
Therefore, when the heartbeat with menopause occurs too often, the body does not have time to relax, does not have time to supply the whole body with oxygen and nutrients. This affects the condition of the whole organism. Therefore, a person’s health condition worsens, and his general well-being worsens.
With menopause, the heartbeat is often disturbed, and such an ailment in medical science is called tachycardia.
As you know, hormones have a significant impact on the functioning of the human body, and this is especially true of the female sex hormone estrogen, which regulates many processes in the body of a beautiful lady.
This hormone affects the state of the nervous and cardiovascular systems, and affects the functioning of the heart. Among other things, the hormone estrogen regulates the process of expansion and narrowing of the heart arteries. And when the hormone is small, then they begin to narrow, which also interferes with the normal blood supply to the whole body.
In addition to purely menopausal causes, tachycardia has other explanations:
Hyperactivity of the thyro >
As for the symptoms of this disease, in all cases they are the same, regardless of what causes this ailment. The following symptoms and conditions will help to recognize tachycardia:
- The sharply increased heartbeat, which is felt without any measuring instruments, the heart literally moves.
- Dizziness. Sometimes a person can lose orientation in space, balance.
- There is a fear that something terrible will happen. For example, death.
- Shortness of breath, feeling of constriction of the chest area.
- High blood pressure.
- Sometimes there is a feeling of heat in the upper body, trembling in the limbs.
Attention! Usually tachycardia does not occur on its own. It is characteristic even for a healthy person after intense physical exertion or emotional shock. However, these symptoms quickly disappear. If this does not happen, and high blood pressure is added to the heart rate, it is recommended to call an ambulance.
If a tachycardia attack occurs with you or your loved one, then you need to know about the rules of assistance that you can provide him before the ambulance arrives.
- The patient should be seated in a chair, on a sofa or couch.
- Try to open the window, and ensure the flow of air. If this is possible, then begin to fan the patient intensively, at least with a piece of paper.
- Unfasten outer clothing, loosen the strap and bra clasp.
- Try to calm the patient, do not bring him to a panic attack.
- Make him try to breathe deeply and measuredly.
Attention! If you or your loved one has an attack of tachycardia, then do not be heroic and do not let everything go by itself, because an ambulance called in time can even save the patient’s life.
In order to normalize your condition during menopause, you need to approach the problem comprehensively: combine drug therapy, traditional medicine and learn how to relax. Of course, there can be no talk of any self-medication, since menopause is a rather specific condition in which only a competent specialist should prescribe treatment. Otherwise, a woman can harm herself.
As for medicines for menopausal tachycardia, only a doctor prescribes them, but it is worth having an idea of which groups of drugs are usually used to eliminate this ailment.
- Drugs that can reduce the irritating effect of stress hormones.
- Light sedatives, which are also called sedatives in medical practice.
- Antioxidants – a means to improve the blood supply to the body.
- Vitamins help maintain the normal general condition of the body, since during menopause the body is weakened and needs additional support.
In order that tachycardia attacks do not recur, you need to be able to rest, relax, relieve stress. The following is well suited for this:
- Breathing practices. This is the easiest and most affordable option to calm down if you realize that you are about to get nervous. Sometimes a few deep breaths with the use of the abdomen are enough for stress to recede and make it possible to think sensibly.
In order to learn these techniques, you need to attend special trainings or health groups that are created specifically for women experiencing menopause.
In addition to helping the heart, such exercises will help to just feel good during menopause, because physical activity has not harmed anyone.
Also, a woman will be able to find friends among the participants in this group or seminar, make new and interesting acquaintances that will help her escape from the spleen, usually overcoming ladies during menopause.
There are also traditional medicine that helps the patient solve problems with heart rhythm. Usually these drugs also have a sedative effect. Of course, traditional medicine is not medicine in the usual sense: it will not cause a significant side effect, but their use should be agreed with the doctor.
The remedies listed below are well suited for menopause, as they help reduce its symptoms.
- Juice of hawthorn fruit should be taken 15-20 drops in half a glass of water. This will help calm down and not so acutely experience the hormonal changes that occur in the body. If at hand there is no juice of the fruits of hawthorn, then a dried plant will do. To treat tachycardia, you need to brew a pinch of grass with a glass of hot water and leave for a couple of hours to insist, then strain and take one third of a glass half an hour before meals three times a day.
- Sage helps keep estrogen levels normal, and helps cleanse blood vessels. It can be taken both in the form of decoctions, and in the form of infusion. Sage helps to reduce tides, their intensity. You can forget about such a problem as a rapid heartbeat, since tachycardia during menopause often occurs precisely on the basis of hot flashes.
- You can use herbs in the form of tea. To do this, take in equal proportions yarrow, thyme and mint, brew boiling water and just drink it instead of tea.
Thus, tachycardia with menopause is not a rare phenomenon, but this does not mean that you need to put up with it. In order to bring your condition back to normal, there are many ways. To do this, you need to approach the treatment comprehensively, coordinate it with your doctor and be treated regularly.
Also, do not forget about the methods of prevention during menopause, because the heartbeat with menopause is very difficult and long to treat, and it’s better not to bring it to critical levels.
Do not tolerate and ignore heart palpitations with menopause. Tachycardia is both a typical sign of menopause and a symptom of a number of diseases.
Therefore, a woman must be examined by a cardiologist, gynecologist and the doctors recommended by them.
From this article you will learn: what are the causes of this phenomenon, what other concomitant symptoms can be, how and when you need to treat such tachycardia or extrasystole and how to behave during a sudden attack.
In women after 40 years, the reproductive function gradually fades. The body decreases the amount of estrogen. Its deficiency indirectly affects the increase in adrenaline synthesis, and this hormone directly affects the strength and speed of heart contractions.
An increase in its level can cause heart palpitations and other myocardial rhythm disturbances. Menopausal changes also affect metabolic processes, the work of the nervous and other body systems.
A decrease in the concentration of sex hormones in women older than 40 years entails:
- change in the biochemical composition of blood;
- deterioration of the rheological properties of blood;
- loss of elasticity of the vascular walls;
- emotional instability;
- increase in body weight;
- decreased quality of sleep.
Due to estrogen deficiency, a woman is easier to stress, she has a naughty heart, problems with cholesterol begin, the condition of arteries and veins worsens, the lumen of the vessels narrows through the accumulation of fatty plaques, and weight often increases. Increased blood viscosity, instability of mood and sleep, other changes against the background of menopause load the heart muscle, arteries.
On a note! After 45 years, the risk of hypertension, progressive tachycardia, and other cardiovascular diseases increases. Their development may be hidden by symptoms of menopause. Therefore, you need to be regularly examined by a cardiologist and other doctors.
In women aged 40–65 years, normal heart rate is 70–85 per minute. In a calm state, the heart beats smoothly, without tremors, interruptions and other violations. Before measuring the pulse, you need to sit for about ten minutes, restore breathing, calm down.
|Type of heart rhythm disturbance||Possible pathology||Brief description of the violation||Main symptoms|
|Hormonal tachycardia||Hyperfunction of the adrenal gland, thyroid and/or pancreas.||Acceleration of the heartbeat causes an excess of hormones (thyroid, glucagon, catecholamines). No organic myocardial lesions.||Pain behind the sternum, choking, dizziness, palpitations.|
|Sinus (nodular) tachycardia||Heart or respiratory failure, inflammation of the myocardial tissue, hypoxia.||The rhythm of the sinus area remains unchanged, but the heart contracts more often.||Heartbeat greater than 90 beats/min, panic attack, fear of death, oxygen starvation, weakness.|
|Ischemic tachycardia||Myocardial Ischemia (IHD).||An increase in heart rate is caused by the need to deliver oxygen to the tissues of the brain and internal organs. Complications include ventricular fibrillation.||Constant feeling of discomfort behind the sternum, headache, shortness of breath, rapid pulse.|
|Extrasystole||Heart attack, cardiosclerosis.||The rhythm disturbance of all myocardial structures or extrasystoles is characteristic.||“Fading” of the heart, uneven tremors, lack of air. Often there is sweating, hot flashes.|
|Paroxysmal tachycardia||Hypertensive crisis, cardiomyopathy, congenital myocardial defect.||At rest, the disturbance is not diagnosed by the ECG. Under load, the heartbeat accelerates, the rhythm of contractions is maintained.||Sweating, weakness, discomfort behind the sternum, hot flashes, heart rate above 150 bpm.|
|Bradycardia||Impaired transmission of impulses from the sinus node, poisoning, cardiomyopathy.||Heart rate below 60 bpm is characteristic.||Half-fainting state, shortness of breath, pressure drop, weakness, sometimes aching pain in the heart.|
|Atrial fibrillation||Complications of rheumatism, heart disease, hypertension.||Uneven arousal/atrial contraction.||Heart rate over 300 beats/min, interruptions in the work of the myocardium, sore behind the sternum, the pulse jumps randomly.|
- Symptoms of tachycardia with menopause
- What caused: menopause or disease
- Symptoms of tachycardia with menopause
- Reasons for the condition
- Safe drugs
- Safe drugs
- In young women
- With hypotension
- With hypertension
- Methods of treating tachycardia with menopause
- Drug treatment of tachycardia with menopause
- Proper nutrition
- Preventive measures
- Features of manifestation and therapy for menopause
- What to do?
Symptoms of tachycardia with menopause
In addition to impaired blood flow, thyroid disease can also cause tachycardia. Hyperthyroidism is accompanied by increased secretion of thyroid hormones, which affect the functioning of the reproductive, digestive and circulatory system. The ailment causes malfunctions of the heart rhythm, increased heart rate, increased systolic and decreased diastolic pressure. Women are worried about nausea, poor appetite, a rapid decrease in body weight, yellowness of the skin, and blooming eyes.
Menopause tachycardia may be associated with disorders of the nervous system. Hormonal restructuring leads to frequent changes in mood, causes irritability, a tendency to depression. At the time of an emotional outburst, the heartbeat and pulse rate become more frequent, when a woman calms down, the condition normalizes.
Another cause of tachycardia is the formation of a cancer of the adrenal gland that produces adrenaline (pheochromocytoma). Hormonal malfunction can provoke abnormal growth of chromaffin cells that are able to secrete hormones. The body is in a state of constant mobilization, which ultimately leads to a violation of the heart rhythm, an increase in blood pressure. Additional symptoms:
- increased sweating;
- tremor of extremities;
Pain in the heart with menopause can occur after heavy blood loss. Conducting hormone replacement therapy sometimes causes side effects in the form of breakthrough uterine bleeding, as a result of which anemia develops. Women have shortness of breath, tachycardia, dizzy, darkens in eyes, skin turns pale, fainting may occur.
Menopause tachycardia is aggravated if the fairer sex suffers from congenital pathologies of the cardiovascular system, diabetes mellitus, atherosclerosis, thrombophlebitis, and atrial fibrillation.
If the palpitations in menopause are disturbing, treatment begins with sedatives. At home, you can drink tincture of Valerian, Motherwort, a pill Nervo-Vit. These drugs are made on the basis of herbs that have a sedative effect. Panic, fear, irritability, sleep improves, heart rate gradually normalizes, the work of the nervous system is restored.
If a tachycardia attack does not stop after taking a sedative, you need to apply a cold compress to your forehead. It helps to relieve symptoms of the tide, relieves the feeling of heat. Helps normalize heart rate by pressing on the eyeballs. The eyelids are affected for 10 seconds several times. Another effective remedy is a strong cough that needs to be induced artificially.
If all these measures do not help to normalize well-being, the tachycardia attack does not go away, blood pressure does not return to normal, you need to call a doctor.
Indications for emergency medical care are:
- chest pains;
- loss of consciousness;
- shortness of breath, dizziness;
- causeless tachycardia attacks;
- a strong decrease in blood pressure.
To stop the attack, the patient is injected intravenously with lidocaine, drugs that stabilize blood pressure. The woman is hospitalized and further treated in a hospital.
It is known that vitamin C strengthens blood vessels, so it is useful to use a medicine from lemons to treat tachycardia during menopause. Sliced in 0,5 kg slices of lemons, placed in a jar and filled with natural honey so that it covered citrus fruits, add a few drops of apricot kernel oil. The medicine should be infused for 2-3 days, take it 2 times a day before meals. Treatment helps not only get rid of tachycardia, but also strengthen immunity, normalize the digestive tract.
Recipe for restoring heart rate with menopause: take in equal proportions the fruits of hawthorn, rose hips, motherwort, peony grass, a sprig of lemon balm and valerian root. One dessert spoon of the mixture is poured into a glass and poured with boiling water, insisted under the lid for 15 minutes and drunk in a warm form. You need to take such a remedy until the condition is relieved.
Tachycardia with menopause is not a separate disease, but develops against the background of hormonal changes in the body of a woman. To prevent attacks of heart palpitations, hot flashes, it is necessary to carry out replacement therapy with estrogens, undergo examination by a cardiologist, lead a healthy lifestyle, observe the daily regimen, eat right. In addition to the main methods of treatment, folk remedies can be used.
Each of the stages of its work has its own duration and frequency. Violation of one of them entails failures of the whole organism. As a result of the lack of proper rest of the heart muscle and the high speed of its work, a general deterioration in the well-being of a woman can be observed.
The work of the heart during menopause is most often rapid, which is called “tachycardia.” There may also be other irregularities in his work.
Menopausal tachycardia has the same symptoms as those caused for other reasons. You can notice abnormalities in the heart by the following factors:
- A sharp increase in heart rate;
- A growing sense of fear of death;
- Shortness of breath, occurring even in a calm state;
- Feeling of tightness in the chest;
Such symptoms of problems with heart activity are activated during physical or emotional activity and are reduced after rest. If these signs do not go away, but rather are accompanied by an increase in pressure, it is important to immediately contact an ambulance.
Along with drug treatment, it is recommended to use alternative methods to stabilize the frequent heartbeat with menopause. Medicinal herbs have a fairly good effect, restoring the hormonal background due to phytoestrogens. Even long-term use does not cause side effects. To restore heart rate fluctuations, herbs such as:
- Garnet ;
- motherwort and others.
Tea is prepared on the basis of medicinal herbs. You need to drink for one month. Then a break is made for 7 days, a second course is already conducted by another herbal infusion.
Heart palpitations during menopause are considered normal. Considering the fact that the pulse increases with age, before the onset of menopause in a woman under the age of 60, the number of strokes reaches 90 times, after 60 years – 100 times. Such indicators are not a deviation. During the rebuilding of the body, the work of the heart intensifies, respectively, and the pulse quickens. With the help of complex effects, it can be reduced to the usual norm, which will greatly facilitate the general condition of a woman.
During the climacteric state, the correct lifestyle, diet and sleep pattern are respected. Hormonal imbalance can be stabilized by a complex effect. Menopause is not the end of life, but just the restructuring of the sexual functioning of the body. Therefore, if one is mentally prepared for a given period, then it will be easier to bear. It’s important to know the basic tips for relieving your condition. To do this, it is recommended to contact the clinic, undergo diagnostics and receive appointments.
Due to the decrease in reproductive ability, metabolic, hormonal and autonomic changes occur in the female body. All this is not the best way affects the well-being of the fair sex. Blood loses the lion’s share of estrogens, which provide elasticity to blood vessels, participate in lipid metabolism and maintain cholesterol at the proper level.
Menopause and tachycardia often go hand in hand. As a result of a lack of sex hormones in the lymph, an increase in sodium ions is noted. With their excessive amount, fluid excretion from body tissues deteriorates. In addition, this leads to a deficiency of calcium, potassium and magnesium, which are involved in ensuring the normal functioning of the myocardium.
In addition, a decrease in estrogen levels triggers the production of sex hormones using adipose tissue, which is why many women experience excess body weight during menopause. Thus, the body tries to compensate for the lack of estrogen. But the deposition of adipose tissue puts an additional burden on the hematopoietic system and heart muscle, causing tachycardia.
During menopause, women often complain that they began to hear the beat of their heart. In some women, the symptoms are not limited to this. The clinical picture may look like this:
- a feeling of stuffiness and tightness in the chest area;
- increased ripple;
- frequent dizziness, fainting;
- severe flutter of the heart;
Especially often there is a combination of hot flashes and palpitations with menopause. To determine the heart rate, you need to measure it by applying two fingers to the carotid artery. If the counted strokes turned out to be more than expected, then the patient should try to calm down and relax, then be sure to contact the medical institution. In the event that improvement does not occur, and the signs of tachycardia become more pronounced, an ambulance should be called.
If there are no material opportunities to attend trainings and health groups, then you need to read special literature on relaxation during menopause, buy discs in video lessons, or watch them on the Internet.
What caused: menopause or disease
Circulatory dysfunction resulting from a decrease in estrogen is the main cause of heart palpitations with menopause. Thyroid diseases can also cause the development of pathology. The most dangerous for the work of the heart is hyperthyroidism. The condition is accompanied by increased production of thyroid hormones. They directly affect the functioning of the reproductive, digestive and circulatory systems.
Hyperthyroidism becomes the cause of a decrease in diastolic pressure, rapid pulse and palpitations with menopause. A woman may be disturbed by nausea, jumps in blood pressure, poor sleep, mood swings, weight loss, yellowness of the skin.
During menopause, tachycardia can be caused by a malfunction of the nervous system. Hormonal changes cause apathy, unexpected mood swings, and depressive states. An emotional outburst becomes a common cause of heart palpitations, and can cause a tachycardia attack. As soon as the woman calms down, the symptoms disappear on their own and the condition normalizes.
Such diseases and heart problems with menopause may be a consequence of the development of a cancer of the adrenal gland.
Pain in the heart in women often occurs as a result of severe blood loss. When hormone replacement therapy is prescribed, hormones can cause profuse uterine bleeding, which affects the state of the cardiovascular system, causes dizziness, nausea, darkening in the eyes, rapid heart rate and a strong heartbeat.
When the body switches to new working conditions, chronic diseases tend to worsen, worsening the condition and well-being of a woman.
Symptoms of tachycardia with menopause
- frequent and irregular heart rate readings;
- high blood pressure;
- numbness and cold in the limbs;
- pallor of the skin;
- pain in the heart.
Crises can be accompanied by fever, sweating, nausea, a rare heartbeat and a drop in blood pressure.
Arrhythmia occurs in the form of seizures with a sensation of interruptions in the work of the heart. This can manifest itself in the form of fading or jolts in the body. A similar condition is accompanied by:
If the rapid heartbeat with menopause has a frequent and irregular nature, then this may indicate atrial fibrillation.
Tachycardia is characterized by rapid and intense pulsation of the vessels of the neck. Sometimes there is a feeling of heaviness and pain in the heart. In a constant state, women complain of fatigue, poor mood and lack of appetite.
In some cases, menopause is accompanied by arterial hypertension. Its main symptoms include:
- pain in the back of the head and crown;
- noise in ears;
With hypertension, a person develops general weakness and dizziness. When walking fast, women note shortness of breath. Sometimes sweating and dull pain in the heart occur. Women notice swelling of the limbs, face or eyelids.
Tachycardia and arrhythmia occur at night. This is interconnected with hot flashes that develop due to hormonal imbalance.
To maintain the normal state of the heart, special medications and prophylactic methods are prescribed, and some changes in lifestyle are recommended.
A woman should be under the supervision of a cardiologist to avoid the occurrence of pathologies of the cardiovascular system.
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Reasons for the condition
The work of the heart affects the state of the whole organism. It provides sufficient blood flow to organs and tissues, supplying them with oxygen and nutrients.
Heart contractions alternate with periods of relaxation. At high heart rate, the body does not rest, which negatively affects its functions. This leads to a deterioration in human health.
An increase in heart rate is called tachycardia. This problem often occurs with menopause.
The body of women contains the sex hormone estrogen. He is responsible for the regulation of many processes, affects the nervous and cardiovascular systems.
Under the influence of estrogen, the arteries of the heart expand and contract. With an insufficient amount of the hormone in the blood vessels remain in a constricted state, which interferes with the normal functioning of the heart and disrupts hemodynamics. This occurs during menopause.
In addition, tachycardia can be caused by:
- hyperactivity of the thyroid gland;
- insufficient intake of oxygen in the blood;
- increased body temperature;
- the use of certain medications;
- excessive consumption of coffee and energy drinks;
- smoking, alcohol abuse;
- increased physical activity;
- stress and emotional stress.
These problems further aggravate menopausal syndrome and significantly worsen a woman’s quality of life.
A frequent heartbeat appears with standard signs that are independent of the causes of the development of disorders. Distinguish tachycardia from other conditions by:
- a sharply increased heartbeat. You can notice this without any devices, there is a pronounced sensation of heart contractions;
- dizziness. Some suffer from a loss of orientation in space, imbalances;
- causeless anxiety and fear of death;
- difficulty breathing, constricting sensations in the chest area;
- increased pressure in the arteries;
- trembling in the limbs and feeling of heat.
The development of tachycardia without a reason is impossible. In healthy people, the heart begins to contract rapidly in response to strong emotional or physical stress. But the condition quickly stabilizes when these factors cease to affect the body.
If heart rate has not returned to normal, and there is a significant increase in blood pressure, emergency medical attention is needed.
An attack of tachycardia can be removed by following these rules:
- the patient should sit down or take a horizontal position;
- provide fresh air;
- free from squeezing garments;
- calm down and not bring your condition to a panic attack;
- establish a respiratory rhythm.
During an attack of tachycardia in loved ones, you need to seek help from doctors.
If you are concerned about heart palpitations with menopause, then to relieve your condition you need to use medication and folk remedies. Therapy should be selected only by a doctor, otherwise you can cause serious harm to your health.
To eliminate tachycardia attacks during menopause, a number of medications are used. Usually, relief is achieved by:
- drugs that lower the effects of stress hormones;
- mild sedatives or sedatives;
- antioxidants. They improve blood flow throughout the body;
- vitamins. During menopause, the body is weakened, therefore, it needs additional vitamins.
Medications help eliminate bouts of fever, nervousness, and other unpleasant symptoms. They also rid the body of excess cholesterol. Directly affect the heart with such drugs:
- Beta blockers. They are necessary to reduce the frequency of contractions of the ventricles and heart muscle, neutralizing the action of adrenergic receptors. May appoint Concor or Atenolol.
- Sedatives in the form of infusions of Valerian or motherwort. They help to normalize the emotional state, relieve insomnia.
- Sodium channel blockers. This action is provided by Rhythmorm and Allapinin.
According to experts, the treatment of tachycardia with menopause should be comprehensive. The doctor during menopause prescribes the patient cardiopulmonary, hormonal and sedatives. Taking these drugs makes it possible to adjust the functioning of the heart, eliminate nervous excitability, and normalize the level of estrogen in the blood.
Among antiarrhythmic drugs used Novokainamid, Rhythmonorm, Allapinin. In violation of the psycho-emotional sphere, sedatives are necessarily prescribed. They allow you to stop the signs of menopause that provoke tachycardia – nervousness, irritability, panic attacks and fear, tearfulness. Usually these are drugs based on valerian and motherwort extracts. Corvalol copes well with these manifestations. Plant-based sedatives are also used – Inoclim, Persen, Remens.
It is possible to improve the general condition and normalize the work of the cardiovascular system with menopause using herbs based on extracts of female sex hormones.
The most common female plant is sage, a source of estrogen phytohormone. It maintains hormonal balance and cleanses blood vessels, reduces the intensity of hot flashes and relieves tachycardia attacks. It can be taken in the form of decoctions and infusions – a tablespoon of herbs is poured with a glass of boiling water, kept in a water bath or boiled for 5 minutes. To improve the effect, mix with linden.
Favorably on the female body during menopause are sedatives and herbs – mint, motherwort, hawthorn, valerian. Of these, you can make tea and drink at night: 1 tbsp. the mixture is poured with a glass of boiling water, kept for half an hour and taken. With the help of this tea you can get rid of insomnia, sleep disturbances, apathy and depression. As a result of normalization of the psychoemotional background, problems with the work of the cardiovascular system also disappear.
- take the hop cones and rose hips in the same amount,
- 4 tsp collection pour 500 ml of boiling water,
- stand in a water bath for 15 minutes, drain.
Take an infusion of 1/3 cup half an hour before meals twice a day.
Combined therapy of tachycardia with menopause will reduce the symptoms of menopause. Following the recommendations of specialists, you can normalize the heart, reduce flushing, strengthen blood vessels and improve blood flow.
If the signs of heart tachycardia in women appear in a calm state or if the normal heartbeat does not recover for a long time, there is reason to think. The danger of heart tachycardia in women can be judged from the list of consequences of this condition:
- prolonged oxygen starvation of the most important organs,
- ischemia of the heart and brain,
- ventricular fibrillation.
It is not difficult to detect tachycardia, because an accelerated heartbeat – above 100 beats per minute – is difficult not to notice. But there are other signs of heart tachycardia in women. And treatment is selected taking into account these concomitant symptoms of tachyarrhythmia:
- panic attacks
- frequent fainting, darkening in the eyes,
- shortness of breath, suffocation,
- chest pain
- during an attack – pulsations of the cervical vessels,
- weakness, fatigue.
Progressive tachyarrhythmia, causing a constant deficiency of oxygen in the tissues, can occur:
- drop in blood pressure
- violation of the function of urination (its intensity decreases),
- cyanosis (blue) of the limbs and lips,
- pallor of the skin.
These symptoms of heart tachycardia in women manifest themselves depending on the type of tachyarrhythmia in different women with different intensities. But the accelerated heart rate stands out as the most obvious among the symptoms of heart tachycardia in women. These symptoms may themselves be signs of serious pathologies.
The provocative factors in the development of tachycardia in women vary in different groups of patients, correlating with age and other features. Often the only way to cure this pathology is to eliminate the cause of tachycardia.
In young women
What can be the causes of tachycardia in women under 40, when the level of estrogen in the hormonal background of the female body provides protection of blood vessels from lipoproteins? It would seem that nature itself took care of women’s health, but complaints of young women about tachycardia are not uncommon. Cardiologists explain the situation with neurogenic causes, stresses caused by:
- workload of young specialists with responsible tasks in the workplace,
- abuse of coffee or tonic drinks,
- household chores (as a rule, in women of this age children go to school and require special attention, time and strength of the mother),
- congenital lability of the nervous system, NDC, patients often describe situations when the usual alarm sound in the morning becomes the provocateur of an attack.
The causes of tachycardia in women after 45 years are associated with the extinction of reproductive function and hormonal restructuring. A gradual decrease in estrogen levels leads to symptoms of tachycardia in women during menopause:
- throbbing in the throat or chest
- fatigue, weakness,
- shortness of breath
- anxious and panic attacks
- sensation of additional heart tremors,
- hot flashes.
Doctors call all these symptoms normal for women in the period before menopause and suggest not to worry too much, saying that tachycardia and menopause are compatible conditions. At the same time, a decrease in estrogen levels in the blood leads to a narrowing of blood vessels and, as a result, an increase in blood pressure. Therefore, the causes of tachycardia in women after 50 years, as a rule, are in the already existing cardiovascular diseases or endocrinological disorders.
If tachycardia with menopause is explained by hormonal changes and a gradual decrease in blood pressure, then what makes the heart beat fast under normal pressure? The causes of tachycardia in women under normal pressure can be any provoking factors of tachyarrhythmia, including neurogenic. Of considerable importance is the lifestyle and physical activity of a woman. For a normal heartbeat, these parameters should be normal:
- healthy full sleep
- sufficient, but moderate physical activity,
- balanced diet (to avoid anemia and hypovitaminosis).
Decreased blood pressure (hypotension) is usually perceived as a sluggish state that does not cause special problems for a person.
Women – hypotonics, as a rule, adapt to such a feature of their body and know how to quickly bring themselves to life. But sometimes a sharp drop in blood pressure suddenly begins to be accompanied by an accelerated heartbeat, which causes anxiety and even panic in a woman. The reasons for this behavior of the heart are understandable – because of the sluggishness of blood circulation, it feels a lack of oxygen and tries to make up for it with an accelerated frequency of contractions.
The causes of an accelerated pulse with hypertension in each case may be different. Arterial hypertension itself in women develops mainly as a result of impaired metabolism (unhealthy diet, excess fat and salt in food), a sedentary lifestyle, and hereditary diseases.
It is clear that the causes of tachycardia in women under 40 and after 50 years determine the treatment. It will depend on the background disease and fundamentally different in this regard.
- In case of hypotension, the goals of treatment are: improving blood circulation, restoring normal oxygenation (oxygen saturation) of organs and tissues, supporting a normal volume of circulating blood. In this case, non-drug therapy plays an important role.
- With hypertension, it is necessary to constantly monitor blood pressure, to prevent hypertensive crises, accompanied by an increase in heart rate. This requires a careful selection of antihypertensive drugs of combined action, for example, slow calcium channel blockers and ACE inhibitors.
Any prescription and selection of therapeutic measures should be provided to the competence of the doctor.
To avoid negative manifestations of tachycardia with menopause, the patient must adhere to a healthy lifestyle in combination with taking medications.
- You should not overeat and limit the intake of protein foods. To maintain heart health, you must include fruits, vegetables, seafood, and nuts in your diet.
- Women need to avoid stuffy rooms, ventilate the room before going to bed.
- Lead an active lifestyle and alternate moderate exercise with relaxation.
- Correct the hormonal background with the help of medicines prescribed by a specialist.
- Take vitamin complexes, which include potassium, magnesium and calcium.
Women should get rid of bad habits such as smoking and drinking alcohol.
Methods of treating tachycardia with menopause
In order to get rid of the symptoms of arrhythmia, a woman needs to undergo a full examination and adjust endocrine disorders. Treatment includes hormone therapy and phytoestrogens. Without taking special drugs, the manifestation of the symptoms of the disease will not decrease.
With tachycardia, a woman can use other methods of climax therapy:
- coniferous baths;
The main method of treatment for hot flashes and palpitations in menopause is medication.
Tachycardia, developing against the background of menopause, requires special attention and timely treatment. It is important not only to eliminate all symptoms, but also to minimize the risk of complications. The treatment regimen can only be determined by a specialist, taking into account the current condition of the woman, her health and other factors. In general, the following types of medications are prescribed:
- Sedatives to help minimize symptoms.
- Antioxidant-based drugs aimed at restoring myocardial function, as well as improving the circulatory system itself.
- Beta-blockers, the action of which is to normalize heart rate and blood pressure.
All these drugs have their own indications and contraindications, which must be taken into account before their direct appointment. To achieve the maximum effect of therapy, the doctor can prescribe these drugs in combination with hormonal drugs.
The attacks of tachycardia that were due to menopause can be reduced by relaxing. It is useful during this period to engage in breathing exercises, yoga and other relaxation techniques. It is also important to give up bad habits, such as smoking and drinking alcohol. Instead of strong tea and coffee, it is better to include decoctions of hawthorn and wild rose in your diet.
First aid during an attack can be provided by valerian and motherwort, the actions of these plants are aimed at normalizing the functioning of the nervous system and heart rhythm. Taking these medicinal plants leads to a decrease in blood pressure, eliminates the feeling of fear and anxiety, helps to relax and normalize sleep patterns. You can take them both for therapeutic and prophylactic purposes.
Symptoms of menopause can be reduced by taking the active Nervo-Vit complex, which combines ascorbic acid and the collection of medicinal herbs with a sedative effect.
To strengthen the heart and improve its work, the doctor may recommend taking Cardioton. These vitamins of natural origin are also prescribed for heart defects and after a heart attack or stroke, because they have a sedative effect, dilate blood vessels and normalize heart rate.
To increase the stability of tissues, reduce sugar, as well as the prevention of tachycardia, the Dihydroquercetin complex can be prescribed. It includes natural antioxidants and vitamins, which in combination have a beneficial effect on the female body.
During menopause, hormones decrease, therefore, hormone replacement therapy is appropriate in this case. A drone brood has proved itself as a valuable product, which not only restores the amount of hormones, but also has a beneficial effect on the whole body.
The tachycardia that occurs with menopause can be avoided if you adjust your lifestyle, diet and use the knowledge gained about the sources of necessary hormones and vitamins in time.
To prevent the development of a heart attack, cerebrovascular accident and other dangerous complications, during an attack of tachycardia, the patient needs first aid. First you need him to take a comfortable position. After that, doors and windows should be opened in the room, thus ensuring an influx of fresh air.
The use of sedatives, which include Corvalol, Valocordin, tincture of motherwort and valerian, will help normalize the condition. To reduce eye pressure, you can massage the eyeballs. It is important to make every effort to calm down at the time of the attack. Do not panic, but rather do breathing exercises: inhale deeply and hold your breath for a short while.
Doctors recommend treating tachycardia with the following drugs:
- Estrogen-containing drugs. Due to the decrease in hormones, palpitations with menopause can increase. The funds from this group include Femoston, Angelique and Proginova. Often, an integrated approach is used for treatment, involving estrogen with progesterone and androgen preparations. It is highly undesirable to choose medications yourself. They are prescribed individually for each patient after evaluating the hormonal background.
- Homeopathic remedies. Preference is given to medicinal formulations where phytoestrogens are present. They make up for the lack of hormones, reduce the manifestations of pathological menopause. These include Klimaksan, Tsi-Klim and Remens.
- Beta blockers. With their help, a symptom such as arrhythmia is removed. For this purpose, Carvedilol, Atenolol and Bisoprolol are used. Drugs from this group contribute to a decrease in heart rate due to a decrease in beta receptor activity during the pulse.
- Sedatives. They are represented by an extract of valerian and motherwort. They are recommended to be taken for a long time. Due to the action of these drugs, in patients with menopause age irritability decreases, sleep normalizes, anxiety disappears.
If the muscle middle layer of the heart (myocardium) undergoes pathological changes, then in this case one cannot do without the use of drugs whose action is aimed at improving the metabolism of myocardiocytes.
As an additional therapy, you can use natural remedies with herbal ingredients in the base. In the pharmacy, they are found in the form of tinctures and in tablet form. From the presented assortment sage can be distinguished. This herb allows you to cope with many of the negative effects of menopause. This is due to the presence of estrogen-like substances in the plant.
To prepare a healing broth according to a popular recipe, it is necessary to pour 2 teaspoons of dry raw materials with boiling water. You can take the drink three times a day, one glass at a time. The course of treatment lasts an average of 30 days. After this, you need to take a short break for a month.
Soothing herbs will be very beneficial for a woman during menopause. They improve the functioning of the nervous system and are able to stabilize the heart rhythm. To prepare a sedative, you will need to take dry calendula flowers, licorice, anise and violet. All components are taken in equal proportions. For infusion, 2 tbsp.
This tool will help bring pressure indicators back to normal, relieve an attack of tachycardia, and improve mood. Moreover, any arrhythmia with menopause in women, the symptoms of which depend on many factors, should be monitored by a doctor.
To relieve an attack of tachycardia, the following drugs can be prescribed to the patient:
- Nervo-Vit. It contains the roots of cyanosis blue. This plant has a sedative effect and is characterized by anxiolytic properties. In combination with lemon balm and motherwort it is possible to prov />The Osteo-Vit treatment complex contains drone brood, which is a source of trace elements, vitamin D, free amino acids. The presence of vitamin B6 in it, which is involved in the production of female hormones, does not go unnoticed. With its help, it is easier for a woman during menopause to get rid of hot flashes day or night, to cope with stress.
In order to accelerate recovery and improve the effectiveness of the treatment of tachycardia with menopause, it is necessary to adhere to some rules. The first step is to make adjustments to the usual diet, eliminating harmful products from it. Restrictions apply to salted, fried and smoked. It is recommended to reduce the amount of coffee consumed, and completely eliminate alcohol.
It is very important in menopause to control your body weight. It should be remembered that a sharp weight gain, as well as its rapid discharge, adversely affects the work of the heart muscle.
The dream should be full, and in the daytime, if possible, you need to arrange yourself a short rest. Moderate sports and walks in the fresh air will not be superfluous.
Drug treatment of tachycardia with menopause
In order to prevent serious complications in the form of a heart attack, cerebrovascular accident, therapy is carried out with the following drugs:
- Sedatives. These include drugs such as Valocordin, Corvalol. Increased effectiveness have tinctures motherwort and valerian. They are recommended to be used for a long time. Thanks to the drugs, irritability decreases in women, anxiety goes away and sleep normalizes.
- Calcium antagonists. One of the effective drugs at an affordable price, according to reviews, is Verapamil. Instructions for use include the treatment and prevention of heart rhythm disturbances.
- The preparations of magnesium and calcium, which are prescribed most often, include Panangin.
- Homeopathic medicines. The main preference should be given to medicines in which phytoestrogens are present. They are able to reduce hormone deficiencies, thereby reducing the manifestation of menopause. These include Remens, Climaxan.
- Metabolic drugs. The drugs that are especially effective in the treatment include Potassium Orotate and Riboxin, whose price is affordable.
- Estrogen-containing drugs. The main reason for the appearance of palpitations in menopause is a decrease in hormones. The funds of this group include “Angelik”, “Proginova”. For treatment, complex therapy is used, involving the intake of estrogens with drugs of progesterone and androgen. It is not recommended to choose such tablets on your own.
If the heartbeat has an irregular character, then specialists prescribe the same drugs as with tachycardia. In especially severe cases, drugs such as Etatsizin and Kordaron are used.
Therapy with heartbeat drugs with menopause is carried out under the supervision of a specialist. The exact dosage is determined after cardiological diagnosis.
Therapy of palpitations with menopause is also carried out with the help of a diet. A balanced diet can prevent the onset of high blood pressure and other symptoms of menopause.
Experts recommend that women do not drink strong tea or coffee before bedtime.
If there is a low weight, then adjustments are made to the usual diet, eliminating prohibited foods from it. These restrictions apply to salted, greasy and smoked foods. Confectionery should also be excluded from the menu. Meat should be replaced with seafood and fish.
Be sure to saturate the diet with plenty of fresh vegetables and fruits.
Arrhythmias and tachycardia are easiest to prevent than to treat them. Because of their development, the occurrence of a heart attack, heart failure and coronary heart disease is possible. There are many preventative measures that will prevent the appearance of a heartbeat.
Women should pay attention to observing the correct regimen of the day, sleep 7-8 hours a day, and show sufficient physical activity.
It is necessary to completely get rid of bad habits, such as drinking alcohol or smoking.
It is useful to take soothing baths with essential oils and herbs (sage, valerian).
Features of manifestation and therapy for menopause
The greatest number of questions in determining the causes of tachyarrhythmia in women causes tachycardia with menopause. Symptoms and treatment during this period are indeed different from the usual symptoms and therapeutic regimens.
Due to a decrease in estrogen levels, the female body loses its natural defense against cholesterol deposits, is at risk of developing hypertension, ischemic heart disease. All this against the background of an unstable emotional state leads to:
- to mood swings,
- flushing of the face
- hyperemia (redness) of the face in the most inappropriate situations,
which makes a woman even more worried. The feeling that others understand what changes are occurring in her body, often drive a woman into a depressed state, which also contributes to the strengthening of the neurological causes of tachycardia.
What to do?
When a woman has tachycardia with menopause, what should she do, how not to go to the doctor for advice? Moreover, to select an adequate treatment, you may need to consult not only a therapist, but also a gynecologist and an endocrinologist (many women have problems with the thyroid gland during this period).