Causes of low blood pressure in a woman, symptoms and treatment

Below we consider the causes of low blood pressure in women.

Many doctors are already sounding the alarm – the general craze for women with nutrition, diets, starvation and vegetarianism leads to the fact that the body does not receive useful substances. Fashion for harmony and beauty leads to the fact that a woman brings herself to a state of exhaustion. In the pursuit of beauty, we often forget that in a healthy body – a healthy mind. Dissatisfaction with oneself, restrictions on food lead to depression, apathy, lethargy and, as a result, worsening of well-being and pressure reduction.

Low blood pressure in a woman occurs against the background of menstruation, which leads to temporary natural anemia. Doctors recommend taking iron-containing drugs during this period, however, not all women follow these tips.

Hypotension can occur during pregnancy, when a woman’s hormonal background changes, and there is a global restructuring of the work of all body systems. Hypotension can occur in the presence of female gynecological diseases.

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Physical exercise

Female hypotension can be a consequence of both excessive physical exertion, and their absence. A sedentary lifestyle reduces the burden on the heart – it weakens and pressure drops. But sport is also contraindicated beyond measure – otherwise, a complete breakdown may occur, the body will become tired, which will lead to a sharp decrease in blood pressure.

Stress, neurosis, panic states, apathy – often become the root cause of low blood pressure in women. If you notice such a state in yourself, you should immediately turn your attention to those things that bring pleasure. A change of scenery, a new hobby, shopping, pleasant contacts always positively affect our well-being, therefore, the risk of falling into a depressed state is minimized, and with it the likelihood of low pressure.

This should include such a reason as a decrease in blood volume in the body of a woman. This can occur during menstruation, nosebleeds, diarrhea, or vomiting, or if there is little fluid in the body, or due to injuries. As a result, the pressure drops sharply.

The reasons for low pressure in women include other factors, namely:

  1. Being in unusual climatic conditions;
  2. Heart diseases;
  3. Violations of the endocrine system;
  4. Dysfunctions of the autonomic system;
  5. Severe allergy symptoms;
  6. Oncology;
  7. Drug abuse.

If symptoms of low pressure appear, consult a physician. After passing the basic tests, the doctor will be able to choose the necessary medications to treat the causes of low blood pressure, or refer you to the right specialist. But with hypotension, you yourself can help yourself if you rest more, get enough sleep, exercise and fully eat. These simple recommendations will help you feel better and forget about pressure problems.

– Acute hypotension (acute arterial hypotension); – Chronic hypotension (chronic arterial hypotension); – – Primary chronic arterial hypotension; – – Secondary chronic arterial hypotension.

Acute hypotension (a sharp drop in blood pressure). This type of hypotension is very dangerous, because the level of oxygen supply to the brain decreases sharply (hypoxia), which after a while can cause a stroke. Moreover, a sharp decrease in blood pressure can be accompanied by diseases of the internal organs such as myocardial infarction, severe arrhythmia, pulmonary thromboembolism, allergic reactions, etc.

A sharp drop in blood pressure requires urgent medical attention!

The causes of a sharp drop in pressure can be poisoning (alcohol, food, drugs, drugs), blood loss, acute infections, sepsis, dehydration, etc.

Chronic hypotension (constantly low blood pressure). This form of hypotension is often called physiological hypotension, because in many cases it is a constant companion of life for many people, for example, residents of the highlands, tropics, cold parts of the Earth, or athletes, as an image of the body’s adaptation to the way of life. In these cases, constantly low blood pressure is not considered a disease.

The main danger of chronic hypotension is the risk of developing ischemic stroke in the elderly.

At the same time, chronic arterial hypotension is a serious opponent of many young people, because frequent breakdowns, in some cases developing into collapses, do not allow you to constantly work productively and achieve success in various areas of life.

Primary (idiopathic or essential) hypotension. This condition of the body is isolated in an independent disease. The cause and etiology is currently the subject of controversy and disagreement, but among the identified causes is a prolonged psycho-emotional overstrain (depression, stress).

It is very important to prevent the overflow of this form of the disease in a prolonged period of oxygen deficiency of the whole organism.

Secondary arterial hypotension. Unlike primary hypotension, secondary hypotension is a symptom of other diseases, including: arrhythmia, cardiovascular diseases, brain injuries, cervical osteochondrosis, respiratory and endocrine diseases, circulatory disorders, side effects of certain medications, gastrointestinal tract diseases, tumors, diabetes mellitus, cirrhosis, alcoholism, etc.

Orthostatic hypotension – a sharp decrease in blood pressure with a sharp rise in a person after prolonged squatting or lying down.

What is hypotension, and what its causes we have already examined, now we turn to the consideration of the issue – “symptoms of hypotension.”

Of course, the most important symptom of arterial hypotension is low and low blood pressure – below 90/60.

heat, cold, humidity, exercise, etc.; – memory impairment, distraction; – malfunctions of the menstrual cycle; – impaired potency; – violation of thermoregulation (feet and hands are cold); – increased sweating, especially palms and feet; – tendency to motion sickness ; – gastrointestinal tract disorders, frequent nausea; – frequent yawning (due to oxygen deficiency)

– interviewing the patient for various symptoms in order to identify the cause of the disease; – identifying the type of hypotension: physiological or pathological type; – systematic measurement of blood pressure; – electrocardiography (ECG); – Doppler echocardiography; – cardiointervalography, etc.

The treatment of hypotension (arterial hypotension) is carried out comprehensively, and includes the correction of the patient’s lifestyle with the addition of certain drugs aimed at increasing arterial tone. If the diagnosis has established that the disease is caused by another disease, then the treatment is aimed, first of all, at eliminating it.

– rational alternation of the working day with rest; – healthy sleep; – proper nutrition; – elimination of bad habits; – moderate physical activity (physiotherapy exercises); – walks in the fresh air; – hardening of the body (contrast shower).

Let us consider them in more detail.

Step 1: work day / rest. Normalization of working hours with rest is one of the main “whales” on which the treatment of arterial hypotension is based. If the body is overworked, more vitality is consumed, there is an increased load on the heart, nervous system and the whole organism. If forces are not restored, the body is depleted, and it becomes vulnerable to various diseases.

Step 2: Healthy sleep. For an ordinary healthy person, to restore strength it is enough to sleep for 6-8 hours. For hypotonics, however, sleep should last at least 10-12 hours, especially if the weather is cold, low atmospheric pressure. When a person gets enough sleep, you should not immediately get out of bed, but it’s better to lie down for a few minutes, pull yourself up, then lower your legs to the floor, and sit for another minute or two.

Step 3: Proper Nutrition. Food during the day should be consumed 3-5 times, while not overeating, i.e. eat in small portions. It is not recommended to eat food before bedtime. The emphasis when choosing food products must be placed on the spaciousness of them – vitamins, minerals and antioxidants.

When treating hypotension, special attention should be paid to replenishing the body with protein, vitamin C (ascorbic acid), E (tocopherol) and B vitamins, especially vitamin B3 (vitamin PP, niacin, nicotinic acid), B5 (pantothenic acid), B6 (pyridoxine) and vitamin B9 (folic acid), calcium, potassium, magnesium and phosphorus (P).

In addition, it is recommended that hypotensives use spicy, spicy and salty foods, which, in combination with their properties, activate the body and increase blood pressure.

Especially, among the products, experts recommend: yeast, table salt, hard cheeses, coffee, green and black tea, green leafy vegetables, rose hips, citrus fruits and other fruits.

Do you need diagnostics and help from a doctor?

Dear readers, we have already examined some of the reasons for low blood pressure, now let’s summarize the picture and find out what else can provoke the development of arterial hypotension.

Diseases of the cardiovascular system: atherosclerosis, arrhythmia, aortic valve stenosis, heart failure.

Gastrointestinal tract diseases: intoxication, stomach ulcer.

Immune system: vitamin deficiency, especially deficiency of vitamins C, E, group B.

Neurological diseases: vegetative-vascular dystonia (VVD), depression, chronic fatigue, mental fatigue, neurosis.

Other diseases and conditions of the body: allergic reactions, hepatitis, rheumatism, osteochondrosis of the cervical spine, diseases of the endocrine system, blood loss, sepsis, burns, anaphylactic shock, injuries of the brain and spinal cord,.

Adaptation to living conditions: high humidity, thin air, extreme cold.

Adaptation to constant physical activity, for example, in athletes, where low blood pressure is a protective mechanism of the body, as a result of which, the rhythm of heart contractions decreases, which causes a decrease in pressure.

Pregnancy can also cause hypotension, as in this “interesting” period, the tone of the vessels of the woman may decrease.

Chronic low blood pressure can be transmitted genetically.

Important! Before using folk remedies for low and low pressure, be sure to consult your doctor!

Coffee with honey and lemon. Grind 50 g of roasted coffee beans, which can be done with a coffee grinder. Add ground coffee to 500 g of honey, and squeeze the juice from 1 lemon here. Mix everything thoroughly. The tool must be taken 1 teaspoon 2 hours after a meal. The product must be stored in the refrigerator.

Schisandra. Pour the chopped fruits of Schisandra chinensis with 40 ° alcohol in a ratio of 1:10. Insist on a dark place for 2 weeks. Take tincture of 25-40 drops per 1 tbsp. teaspoon of cold water 30 minutes before eating.

Ginger. Dissolve 1 teaspoon of ginger powder in 3 cup of sweet strong tea. Take the drug 1 times a day for week.

Rhodiola rosea (golden root). Drink Rhodiola rosea extract 5-10 drops 20 minutes before meals, 2-3 times a day for 10-20 days.

Note 1: parts – parts. Note 2: Accept all listed fees in 1/3-¼ cup 3-4 times a day, for 1-2 months. Then we take a break for a month and the course can be repeated. Note 3. To prepare the collection, you need to pour 2 tablespoons of it in a thermos and pour 2 cups of boiling water, then let it brew for 12 hours.

Gathering No. 1: St. John’s wort grass (3 hours), grass of Volodushka (2 hours), mordovia grass (2 hours), chicory grass (2 hours), Leuzea root (2 hours), licorice root (3 hours) ), dandelion root (2 hours), juniper fruits (1 hour).

Collection No. 2: Veronica herb (2 hours), St. John’s wort grass (5 hours), wormwood grass (1 hour), sage grass (3 hours), shift leaves (4 hours), immortelle inflorescences (2 hours) ), tansy inflorescences (2 hours), chicory flowers (1 hour), dandelion root (1 hour), rhizome with elecampane roots (1 hour).

Collection No. 3: St. John’s wort grass (4 hours), yarrow grass (4 hours), chicory grass (2 hours), strawberry leaf (2 hours), calamus rhizome (1 hour), juniper fruit (1 hour) ), rose hips 4 hours).

Collection No. 4: tatarnik grass (1 hour), nettle grass (2 hours), horsetail grass (2 hours), birch leaves (4 hours), mint leaves (1 hour), strawberry leaves (2 hours) .), currant leaves (2 hours), dandelion root (4 hours), rhizome with elecampane roots (1 hour), rose hips (6 hours).

Gathering No. 5: yarrow grass (2 hours), muzzleberry grass (1 hour), knotweed grass (2 hours), tansy flowers (1 hour), licorice root (2 hours), lewsee root (1 hour) ), fruits of hawthorn (3 hours), fruits of mountain ash (2 hours).

Collection No. 6: St. John’s wort grass (4 hours), fireweed grass (4 hours), oregano grass (4 hours), knotweed grass (2 hours), plantain leaves (4 hours), mint leaves (2 hours) ), rose hips (6 hours), juniper fruits (1 hour), calamus rhizome (1 hour).

Collection No. 7: blueberry leaves (1 hour), lingonberry leaves (1 hour), black currant leaves (1 hour), frankincense (2 hours), forgotten penny (1 hour), golden root (1 hour) .), narrow-leaved fireweed (1 h), thyme (0,5 h). Three tbsp. collection spoons pour a liter of water and simmer for 5-7 minutes. Next, the remedy is infused for 30 minutes and taken 2-3 cups a day, like regular tea, with the addition of sugar or honey.

If a person has low blood pressure, the reasons may be different. The characteristic symptoms are apathy, a feeling of fatigue, weakness. Since the pressure drops due to circulatory disorders in the vessels of the brain, first of all, you will begin to be disturbed by the throbbing pain in the temples. Almost all hypotensives, even after a good night’s sleep, feel distracted, inattentive, lethargic, and even tired in the morning. If you have low blood pressure, the symptoms will not necessarily appear all at once.

Often, only one symptom can occur, for example, increased fatigue or meteorological dependence. Hypotension is not always accompanied by severe complications and symptoms. Often, it does not prevent a person from leading a familiar lifestyle and often goes by itself with time, with age, as the aging process, as a rule, is accompanied by an increase in blood pressure. But let’s look at the most common symptoms of hypotension.

So what are the causes of such an unpleasant state? First of all, heredity. As we know, it affects a person so much that it can become a source of a large number of various diseases.

If you have low diastolic pressure, the reasons may be different, for example, occupational hazards such as high levels of vibration, noise, can lead to disruption of vasomotor processes. Many hypotensive children suffered severe infections in childhood. An abnormally low level of pressure is often observed in people who have been exposed to ionizing radiation. A common cause is the pathology of the endocrine glands.

The cause of hypotension may be the consequences of cardiovascular disease. In this case, the heart pumps blood worse, which leads to a weakening of vascular tone. Often this condition occurs with inflammatory heart diseases that appear as a complication after flu or sore throat. Arrhythmias, blockades, pancreatitis, stomach ulcers, bleeding of various origins are also causes of low blood pressure in women and men. Usually it falls with an exacerbation of the disease, accompanied by weakness and cold sweat.

If you have low blood pressure, you may need to look for medications such as:

  • Large doses of sedatives (medicines “Corvalol”, “Motherwort”, “Valocordin”, tinctures of valerian and peony). Note that among these drugs, the most mild effect is exerted by valerian.
  • Antispasmodics and painkillers.
  • Cardiac drugs (Nitroglycerin, beta-blockers).
  • Large doses of antibiotics.

With physical exertion, hypotension is characterized by an increase in pulse and heart rate, the appearance of shortness of breath and unusual sensations in the chest (tingling). The most emotional and impressionable people can begin to worry even more. Often, the suspiciousness of patients about their illnesses leads to the fact that they have low blood pressure.

The reasons that can provoke this ailment include pregnancy. This happens because the circulatory system rapidly increases in volume, but after childbirth everything usually normalizes.

Pressure drops with climate change – this is our defensive reaction to a sudden change of residence. This type does not require serious treatment and it is quite easy to eliminate such low blood pressure.

The causes of the disease can be more prosaic. If there is not enough oxygen in the room, hypotonics now and then begin to yawn. With a sharp change in body position (if you abruptly stand up or lie down), patients are characterized by darkening in the eyes, a feeling of dizziness. Fainting may occur.

That is why people with symptoms of hypotension need an accurate diagnosis. It is imperative to establish why the patient has low blood pressure. The causes of the onset of the disease will help to choose competent therapy, which will help to cope with the disease.

Severe upper pressure can lead to severe consequences. A sharp decrease in pressure poses a serious danger to life, since it is associated with a strong decrease in the supply of oxygen and blood to the vital organs of the human body. The death of tissues affected by hypotension can cause renal failure, heart attack, stroke, and so on.

One can never tell for sure what exactly caused the decrease in pressure, since the list of possible causes is too wide.

Therefore, if you experience symptoms of hypotension and / or its corresponding values ​​on the tonometer, it is important to consult a doctor immediately.

But even hypotension, caused by completely harmless physiological causes, can eventually become the starting point for the development of diseases of the cardiovascular system, kidneys, and gastrointestinal tract.

Therefore, it is definitely not worth neglecting a timely visit to a doctor.

The specialist will prescribe a number of studies, among which there will be a biochemical blood test, an electrocardiogram, an ultrasound, possibly an MRI or computed tomography.

Only after this, you can accurately establish the diagnosis and begin treatment.

As a rule, drug therapy for hypotension is aimed at eliminating the accompanying symptoms: migraines, dizziness, weakness, nausea.

Such drugs are usually prescribed:

Any doctor can prescribe any medication. It is strictly forbidden to engage in self-diagnosis and self-medication for hypotension in order to avoid serious consequences.

You need to be careful about your condition, observing the basic rules of a healthy lifestyle, avoiding significant physical and emotional overloads.

Nature itself will help in the treatment, because after giving birth very often the woman’s pressure rises slightly, which improves well-being and increases the overall quality of life.

Complications of Hypotension

Particular attention with symptoms of hypotension should be given to pregnant women, as insufficient amount of oxygen in the blood leads to oxygen starvation of the fetus, which can lead to poor growth or improper formation.

Sometimes, with the incorrect treatment of hypotension, this disease can turn into another – hypertension (arterial hypertension, or high blood pressure), but with a complex etiology and symptoms, which complicates its treatment.

With exacerbation of arterial hypotension, a person can experience cardiogenic shock, in which – the pulse is weakened, the pressure is not determined, urination is suppressed, fainting is suppressed. First aid in this condition is to put the person in a horizontal position, to ensure the flow of fresh air and urgently call an ambulance.

The most important complication of hypotension is stroke and heart attack, which can lead to death.

Poor acclimatization

Hypotensives are poorly adapted. Low pressure is one of the reasons for long adaptability to changes in environmental conditions. Acclimatization in such people occurs with headache and dizziness. If there are frequent changes in weather conditions, then this is reflected in well-being.

Hot days, transitional periods between seasons, when the weather is often depressing, lack of sun, sharp unpleasant odors – because of this, lower lower blood pressure also occurs. The reasons can be very different, let’s look at them in more detail.

Prevention of arterial hypotension

– periodically measure your blood pressure, keep a measurement log; – visit a cardiologist periodically; – try to lead an active lifestyle; – eat mainly foods enriched with vitamins, or take vitamin complexes; – observe the regimen of day / night, work / rest; – get enough sleep ; – avoid stress, think about a job change, if necessary;

Symptoms of low blood pressure

  • dizziness;
  • fainting condition;
  • instability or a feeling of loss of balance;
  • fainting;
  • darkening of the eyes;
  • fast or irregular heartbeat (heartbeat);
  • confused consciousness;
  • feeling of nausea;
  • general weakness.

If you experience symptoms of low blood pressure after changing your body position, for example, after lifting to your feet, this is called postural or orthostatic hypotension. Symptoms should not last longer than a few seconds, until your body adapts to a new position and the pressure returns to normal.

This type of low blood pressure affects people more as they get older, leading to more frequent drops. Similar symptoms may also appear after exercise. You should measure the pressure before and after a change in body position. For example, first in a sitting position, and then in a standing position. If the difference in the readings of your systolic pressure is from 15 to 30 mm RT. Art., then most likely you have orthostatic hypotension.

If the symptoms appear after eating, then we are talking about the so-called afternoon (postprandial) hypotension, which is most characteristic of older people, especially people with high blood pressure, Parkinson’s disease and diabetes mellitus. After eating, the digestive system needs a lot of blood to digest food. If the heart rate does not increase enough to maintain blood pressure, then it will decrease, causing symptoms of hypotension.

Some people experience symptoms of hypotension after prolonged standing. This is sometimes called neuron-mediated hypotension. Most often, it affects children and young people.

If you think you may be experiencing episodes of low blood pressure, you should:

  • Stop doing what you’re doing right now.
  • sit down or lie down;
  • drink some water.

Symptoms usually resolve within seconds or minutes.

The causes of hypotension are due to the fact that the blood supply to the muscles is disturbed. Conversely, when a person is in motion, his blood circulation will normalize, his pressure will increase, and his sensation of pain will recede. Accordingly, the best way to maintain your well-being is normal – to adhere to an active lifestyle.

Even in the presence of heart disorders, dosed physical activity will be very useful. Of course, the complex of therapeutic exercises should be preliminarily discussed with the attending physician. Hiking, for example, before bedtime and at lunchtime, is useful. It is very difficult to create a motivation for hypotonics. But it is worth doing.

Features of hypotension

If a person has lowered upper pressure, the causes and symptoms of this ailment do not always become apparent immediately. One of the signs may be present, for example, dependence on weather, increased fatigue. Not the fact that hypotension will necessarily be accompanied by severe symptoms. As a rule, low blood pressure does not greatly interfere with life, it just overshadows it.

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Since blood pressure usually begins to increase with age, after 40 years hypotonics have a chance to forget about their diagnosis.

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Svetlana Borszavich

General practitioner, cardiologist, with active work in therapy, gastroenterology, cardiology, rheumatology, immunology with allergology.
Fluent in general clinical methods for the diagnosis and treatment of heart disease, as well as electrocardiography, echocardiography, monitoring of cholera on an ECG and daily monitoring of blood pressure.
The treatment complex developed by the author significantly helps with cerebrovascular injuries and metabolic disorders in the brain and vascular diseases: hypertension and complications caused by diabetes.
The author is a member of the European Society of Therapists, a regular participant in scientific conferences and congresses in the field of cardiology and general medicine. She has repeatedly participated in a research program at a private university in Japan in the field of reconstructive medicine.