Causes and symptoms of increased hemoglobin in men and women

Initially, it is necessary to make out – what complaints does a woman present with increased hemoglobin?

The state of elevated hemoglobin is called hyperhemoglobinemia and very often occurs without the manifestation of clinical signs. In most cases, high hemoglobin in women and men is detected only during a routine general clinical examination. In some cases, hyperhemoglobinemia is accompanied by the following symptoms:

  • increased blood pressure and bloating;
  • sensation of aches in bones and joints;
  • reduced performance;
  • weakness and drowsiness;
  • shortness of breath even with calm walking;
  • slight blueing of the fingertips;
  • pallor or hyperemia of the face;
  • losing weight for no apparent reason;
  • decreased concentration and distraction;
  • long and painful menstruation;
  • neurotic disorders, psychosis, insomnia, depression.

Often the causes of high hemoglobin levels in women and men are concomitant illnesses. The symptoms of hyperhemoglobinemia are similar to the clinical manifestations of the underlying pathology. This fact explains the difficulties for the differential diagnosis of hyperhemoglobinemia directly and the identification of its causes.

During pregnancy, increased hemoglobin is extremely rare. As a rule, a single increase in Hb concentration is not significant, since the levels of all indicators change during the day against the background of physical or emotional activity. However, stably high rates may indicate a lack of B vitamins or the development of a pathological process.

For pregnant women, a state of hypogemoglobinemia is more often characteristic – a deficiency of hemoglobin level against the background of blood thinning, as a result of an increase in its volume.

For early diagnosis of deviations from the norm, when planning a conception of a child, a course of preventive measures is recommended to prevent a decrease in Hb concentration. This will significantly reduce the risk of any type of anemia.

Doctors are often asked the question – what does it mean if a woman has increased hemoglobin? As a rule, this condition is caused by a lack of oxygen in the blood. In order to compensate, the body begins the active production of red blood cells containing Hb molecules.

To prevent the risk of complications in the form of thrombosis, a mandatory correction of a high level of hemoglobin is necessary. If this condition is caused by external factors, then when they are eliminated, the value of Hb returns to normal. In a situation where hyperhemoglobinemia is a concomitant symptom of the disease, the initial elimination of the underlying pathology is necessary.

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Reasons for the increase

Factors causing an increase in hemoglobin levels can be exogenous (external) or endogenous (internal) in nature.

Exogenous causes. An increase in hemoglobin level may be related to the type of human activity. So, pilots, residents of highlands and climbers, spending considerable time at high altitudes, experience hypoxia. Therefore, immediately after the flight, the Hb concentration will be above normal. Taking certain drugs, such as steroid drugs, also affect this laboratory indicator.

During long workouts with a large load, a huge amount of oxygen is consumed, which, with the right technique, is compensated by frequent and deep breathing. If there is a violation of technology in the body, an increase in hemoglobin levels is noted.

Endogenous causes. Diabetes mellitus and mental disorders accompanied by stressful reactions can also cause Hb to deviate from the norm. And in the case of a benign tumor process of the circulatory system (Vakez disease), an increase in the concentration of red blood cells becomes malignant.

When taking drugs, leading to excessive absorption of iron ions in the blood against the background of malfunctions of the enzymatic system, there is an increase in the level of Hb.

Reasons for the decline

Low concentrations of Hb are observed against the background of the following pathological conditions:

  • various types of anemia;
  • disruption of hemoglobin synthesis processes;
  • liver disease;
  • stomach ulcers and duodenal ulcers;
  • chronic kidney diseases, resulting in a decrease in the concentration of the hormone erythropoesin, the main role of which is the activation of the formation of red blood cells in the bone marrow;
  • hypothyroidism;
  • blood hemolysis – the destruction of red blood cells;
  • oncological diseases accompanied by bone marrow metastases;
  • chronic pathologies of connective tissue;
  • infectious process.

A high level of hemoglobin is dangerous for women due to complications that affect the functioning of various systems and organs. So an increase in blood viscosity leads to the formation of clots, which can cause bleeding, pulmonary thromboembolism, stroke, heart attack or thrombosis. Any of these conditions requires immediate medical attention, as it threatens the life and health of the patient.

Hyperhemoglobinemia is especially dangerous for people with chronic diseases of the lungs and cardiovascular system, since the risk of developing thrombosis increases several times. Timely monitoring of Hb levels during and after treatment of pathologies is necessary.

Reduced levels of this substance in the blood are encountered much more often than with high levels. In some cases, such a disorder may indicate a dysfunction of the internal organs.

In this regard, with the first symptoms of increased hemoglobin in a woman, man or child, you should immediately consult a doctor.

A timely and correct diagnosis will help get rid of the problem and prevent complications of the patient’s condition.

It is complex, which consists of iron and protein parts. The key function of hemoglobin is the transport of oxygen to tissues and organs, as well as the removal of carbon dioxide compounds from them.

With a lack of this element in the blood, anemia develops, as a result of which the activity of various physiological processes decreases and the functioning of vital systems worsens.

At the same time, an excess of hemoglobin norm threatens to thicken the blood, resulting in clogging of blood vessels and blood clots.

High hemoglobin

This substance enriches tissues with oxygen and removes carbon dioxide from them. To determine the severity of the disease and find out how to treat it better, you need to know about normal hemoglobin levels.

For men, the norm is considered an indicator of 140g / l, for women – 130 g / l.

Experts note that in addition to gender, the level of a substance is affected by the age category (for each age, there are individual indicators).

A deviation is a change in the concentration of this type of protein by 20 units. At a low rate, a lack of oxygen (hypoxia) develops, which can provoke premature tissue death. In cases where the protein concentration increases, the production of red blood cells increases. This leads to an increase in blood viscosity, which often becomes the cause of pathologies such as:

  • stroke;
  • thrombosis;
  • lung diseases (pulmonary thromboembolism);
  • heart attack.

Most people have elevated hemoglobin without concern, while they are not aware of the symptoms and causes of the increase in the concentration of this protein.

As a result, the body is at risk because it increases the risk of developing serious diseases.

A high concentration of hemoglobin is accompanied by a thickening of the blood, which contributes to the formation of blood clots, blockage of blood vessels, and disruption of normal oxygen transport.

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In the absence of therapy, thrombophlebitis develops (growths form on the vessels), after thromboembolism, which causes a malfunction of many organs due to the attachment of thrombi to them.

The highest hemoglobin causes a delay in the development of the fetus, confusion, dulls or completely destroys cognitive abilities.

Increased blood viscosity due to the high content of red blood cells and complex protein greatly increases the risks of strokes and heart attacks.

Violation of the balance of blood composition, in addition, triggers a change in the shape of red blood cells, this disease is called sickle-shaped anemia, since red cells acquire the shape of a crescent and lose their ability to perform their functions.

Elevated iron-containing protein affects the general condition of the body, causing drowsiness, lack of appetite, weakness, fatigue, decreased performance, dizziness.

If a person’s condition does not change for a long time, the consequences will be very serious.

Evidence

An increase in hemoglobin in the blood can be detected by taking tests. The grounds for the examination are the following symptoms:

  • drowsiness;
  • violation of the functioning of the genitourinary system;
  • blanching / redness of the skin;
  • decreased visual acuity;
  • loss of appetite;
  • high fatigue;
  • increased blood pressure;
  • aching joints.

Causes

Why is hemoglobin in the blood increased and is it dangerous for health? An increased indicator of this element in itself is not considered a disease, but only a symptom, which may mean the presence of any pathological process taking place in the body. Common causes of increased hemoglobin:

  • oncology;
  • intestinal obstruction;
  • cardiorespiratory failure;
  • respiratory failure;
  • kidney disease;
  • congenital heart defects;
  • hormonal disorders;
  • a sharp increase in the number of red blood cells;
  • pulmonary fibrosis.

In addition to these diseases, increased hemoglobin can be observed in people with a certain lifestyle.

For example, in men, women and children living in the mountains, a high rate of this protein is the norm, which is associated with a lack of oxygen in the air, so the body produces an additional amount of hemoglobin for a sufficient intake of an iron-containing element to organs and tissues.

The reason for the increased protein, in addition, is smoking, which causes a lack of oxygen in the tissues.

What foods increase hemoglobin?

Hemoglobin is considered elevated if its concentration exceeds the norm by 20 g / L. This is a common phenomenon, and every third person experiences it on himself.

Hemoglobin growth is not a separate disease. It only indicates that the body is malfunctioning and possibly the development of a certain ailment.

The reasons that cause an increase in hemoglobin may be:

The first group of reasons can be attributed to the characteristics of the habitat and lifestyle of a person.

The inhabitants of the area located several kilometers above sea level, the increased concentration of hemoglobin is understandable. In the highlands, the air is more rarefied than in the valley. And the higher the terrain, the less oxygen it contains.

The human body immediately begins to respond to O2 deficiency by the production of red blood cells, and hence hemoglobin. It helps tissues not to “suffocate” and function normally.

The excess of hemoglobin is inherent in climbers who climb one peak after another, as well as rescuers who are ready to come to the rescue in critical situations.

Often the level of matter is increased in those whose workplace is located on the plane: in pilots, stewards and stewardesses.

Another category of people with high hemoglobin are athletes who choose an active and difficult sport (skiers, styers, marathon runners, speed skaters).

The cause of increased hemoglobin can be such a bad habit as smoking. The constant intake of nicotine, resins and acids into the lungs forces the body to defend itself. To prevent tissues from being poisoned by toxins, they need to supply more oxygen and remove carbon dioxide. Here hemoglobin also begins to concentrate in the blood in excessive amounts.

Taking certain medications, such as anabolic steroids, often causes an increase in the level of red blood cells and hemoglobin.

The reason may be physiological fluid loss. Dehydration of the body is possible in hot climates, significant sweating, due to the consumption of insufficient amounts of water. All this contributes to blood thickening and relative growth of hemoglobin.

Painful excess of hemoglobin norm occurs due to the fact that the number of red blood cells is growing and they are increasing in size.

The underlying causes of this phenomenon are the following:

  • pulmonary and cardiovascular failure;
  • excessive presence of free hemoglobin in the blood plasma (hemoglobinemia);
  • intestinal infections, in which due to diarrhea and vomiting, the body is dehydrated, blood loses plasma;
  • excess glucose in diabetes;
  • congenital pathologies of the heart and blood vessels;
  • insufficient intestinal patency;
  • neoplasms.

If hemoglobin is more than normal, it begins to poison the body. The situation becomes especially dangerous when the iron-containing protein is outside the red blood cells and its concentration is 190 g / l or more. In this case, there is a violation of microcirculation and an increase in blood viscosity.

Life-giving fluid does not circulate quickly enough throughout the body and does not deliver nutrients to tissues and internal organs on time. The likelihood of blood clots (blood clots) forming, causing strokes, heart attacks, pulmonary embolism.

  • lethargy and increased fatigue appear;
  • blood pressure jumps up;
  • drowsiness is observed in the daytime, and it is difficult to fall asleep in the evening, insomnia;
  • the formation of bruises from minor bruises;
  • causeless nosebleeds;
  • redness of the skin;
  • noticeable visual impairment;
  • complications of the functioning of the genitourinary system;
  • headaches and lightheadedness;
  • dryness and itching of the skin, especially noticeable after water procedures;
  • pain in the joints and abdomen;
  • partial or complete lack of appetite.

For some time, symptoms may be absent, and the person will not feel any discomfort. However, the ailment that caused the growth of hemoglobin itself will not go anywhere and will manifest itself sooner or later.

Hemoglobin growth caused by natural and physiological causes does not require intervention. The substance will return to normal on its own as soon as the provoking factor is eliminated.

The need to adjust the level of iron-containing protein arises only when the cause of its jump is a disease.

Along with the treatment of the disease, which provoked the growth of hemoglobin, it is necessary to correct the daily menu and habits. These edits are as follows:

  • exclude red meat, offal, pomegranates and apples;
  • limit the use of buckwheat, butter flour products and sweets;
  • be wary of products that contain nutritional supplements, especially iron;
  • do not abuse fish and seafood; eat them in small quantities;
  • minimize fatty, fried and smoked dishes;
  • temporarily abandon multivitamins;
  • no tobacco or alcohol.

It should be remembered that a natural medicine for increased hemoglobin is fluid. Plain water with a few drops of lemon juice will help thin the blood and normalize the concentration of iron-containing protein. Therefore, the use of two or three liters of liquid per day should become a habit.

You need to drink and you can not only water, but also teas, unsweetened compotes. But juices and soda are prohibited.

Favorites of the diet should be:

  • dairy products, especially live yoghurts;
  • low-fat varieties of cottage cheese and hard cheese;
  • green vegetables and fruits in large numbers and variety;
  • vegetable proteins (legumes, soy);
  • rice and other cereals (except buckwheat).

Food containing slowly absorbed iron should be preferred – such as beans, spinach, apricots, grapes, nuts, tofu cheese, whole grain breads. They are effective in normalizing hemoglobin.

But you can not self-medicate and prescribe a diet for yourself. This is the prerogative of the doctor, since personal experiments can only exacerbate the problem and lead to undesirable results.

By virtue of its physiology, men are stronger and able to endure significant physical exertion. They require additional oxygen, which is provided by a higher hemoglobin content.

In the female body, hemoglobin is more often observed, rather than elevated. But both are undesirable.

The growth of iron-containing protein during the period of bearing a child is especially dangerous, since it signals complications in the development of the fetus or the presence of ailments of the kidneys and liver of the expectant mother.

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A pregnant woman must take vitamins very carefully. They can lead to enzymatic disorders, and those to excessive absorption of iron.

Period can affect the level of hemoglobin. If they are plentiful and last longer than usual, then dehydration is possible. First, this causes a so-called false increase in hemoglobin, and only then – its decrease and anemia.

In newborns in the first month of life, the hemoglobin rate is quite high (up to 225 g / l). At this time, the crumb body adapts to the outside world and needs an increased amount of oxygen.

Gradually, the level of the substance decreases. By the first birthday, hemoglobin should be in the range from 105 to 135 g / l. Exceeding the norm can indicate blood diseases, congenital heart disease, lung problems.

Increased hemoglobin in children manifests itself with the same symptoms as in adults. The kid is quickly tired, weak and sleepy. This condition is not typical for crumbs, since a healthy child is always active and cheerful.

Parents will certainly go to the pediatrician, who will first prescribe a blood test.

Increased hemoglobin is a pathological condition, indicating the presence of ailments. They need to be diagnosed as quickly as possible and not delay treatment.

Sometimes this effect is the result of a lifestyle or a consequence of taking medication. In each individual case, the decision is made by the doctor on the basis of analyzes.

  • Excessive smoking is associated with an increase in the content of carbon monoxide in the blood and can also lead to an increase in the level of red blood cells and hemoglobin.
  • Life at a great height or the result of a profession. A high red blood cell count builds up in response to a low oxygen concentration in the air. Due to the fact that there is less oxygen in the blood, the body tries to make up for the deficiency by creating more red blood cells and continues to produce them until there are too many of them. The phenomenon occurs among pilots and cabin crew, as well as often flying, skiers, climbers, etc.
  • Large industrial cities with polluted air, in which the amount of harmful microparticles is much higher than normal and, as a result, lower than normal oxygen, are no less threat. Less oxygen, more red blood cells, and more hemoglobin.
  • The bone marrow may also be overly stimulated by testosterone replacement therapy.
  • Some medications: anabolic steroids (e.g. synthetic testosterone) or erythropoietin. Therefore, it is better to pump muscles slowly and naturally, a rapid increase in steroids is fraught with many problems.
  • Some drugs used by athletes for doping.
  • Overdose or misuse of the drug Epoetin Alfa (Epogen, Procritis)
  • Burns.
  • Dehydration (dehydration with diarrhea or lack of fluid).
  • Irritable bowel syndrome.
  • Excessive exercise.
  • A problem with the right side of the heart.
  • Scarring or thickening of the lungs (pulmonary fibrosis), emphysema and other severe lung diseases.
  • Rare bone marrow diseases that lead to an abnormal increase in the number of blood cells (polycythemia vera).
  • Heart disease, especially congenital heart defects.
  • Tumors of the kidneys.
  • Dehydration (from diarrhea or lack of fluid).
  • Hypoxia (low level of oxygen in the blood).
  • Exposure to carbon monoxide (usually associated with smoking).
  • Polycythemia is a chronic blood cancer in which the bone marrow produces too many red blood cells. The consequence of this is increased hemoglobin. The disease occurs as a result of problems with the bone marrow, which produces all red blood cells and platelets and most white blood cells. When this process is disrupted, cell production ceases to be streamlined, and can lead to various health problems.
    Although the exact cause of polycythemia is unknown, studies have found that the cause of almost all cases is a specific gene mutation.
    The disease is more common in men than in women, rarely in people under the age of 40, but there are cases of childhood morbidity.
  • Fatigue.
  • Itching (especially after a warm shower). This is the result of the release of leukocytes (whose levels may also be high) of chemical histamine.
  • Headache.
  • Sweating (night or day).
  • Blurred vision or dark spots in front of the eyes.
  • Painful burning or numbness of arms or legs.
  • Bleeding from the gums and heavy profuse bleeding, even from small cuts. Sometimes nosebleeds and pronounced bruising.
  • Bone pain.
  • Confused breathing.
  • Abdominal pain or discomfort.
  • An early feeling of satiety when eating.
  • Pain under the left ribs.
  • Problems with concentration.
  • Dizziness.
  • Insomnia.
  • Facial redness or burning on the skin.
  • Chest pain.
  • Tinnitus.
  1. With dehydration, for example, the condition will return to normal after the body has received the necessary amount of fluid. In the absence of obvious diseases, smokers should better abandon this addiction.
  2. In some cases, a rather effective way to normalize elevated hemoglobin is phlebotomy, also known as bloodletting. Since it takes time to treat the underlying disease, doctors sometimes use this therapeutic procedure, and it is still effective in instantly resolving the symptoms of high hemoglobin diseases (polycythemia vera, for example).
    This treatment method is also effective in treating conditions such as chronic lung diseases and cyanotic heart diseases (both of which can cause an increase in hemoglobin level).
    One of the main goals of this treatment is to reduce the likelihood of blood clots and the risk of related s />Endocrine diseases;
  3. Oncological diseases;
  4. Allergic reactions;
  5. Dehydration;
  6. Burns;
  7. Chronic stress
  8. Intestinal obstruction;
  9. Hypoxia (oxygen starvation);
  10. Taking medications from the group of corticosteroids or diuretic drugs;
  11. Respiratory diseases (emphysema, pneumonia, tuberculosis, bronchial asthma, bronchitis);
  12. High hemoglobin in women – what it says and what needs to be done

    If treatment is not started in time, then increased hemoglobin in men can cause the following pathologies:

    • The density and density of blood increases, which can lead to strokes, heart attacks, thrombophlebitis or embolism;
    • Due to the formation of blood clots in men with increased hemoglobin, the tendency to bleeding increases.

    Doctors usually detect elevated hemoglobin in women’s blood counts for other health problems. After this, additional tests will be needed to determine the cause of the abnormality that causes the body to produce too many red blood cells, or disorders that limit the supply of oxygen.

    1. Smoking increases the level of hemoglobin in both men and women, and its level is higher in those who smoke more. This is because smoking reduces the delivery of oxygen to body tissues, which causes the bone marrow to produce more red blood cells – you will have to quit smoking.
    2. Drink more water. Dehydration is a common cause of elevated hemoglobin levels and can increase levels by 10-15%. Drink more caffeine-free fluids, preferably water.
    3. People who live at high altitudes have higher levels of hemoglobin. At high altitudes, the amount of oxygen in the air decreases, and the body reacts, producing more red blood cells to increase its ability to carry oxygen. Returning to a lower mark resolves the problem over time.
    4. Complete phlebotomy. Phlebotomy is a procedure in which red blood cells are removed from the body in a manner similar to donated blood. When red blood cells are removed from the body, this reduces the level of hemoglobin. Talk with your doctor about this procedure.
    5. Take a full examination. Diseases other than lung diseases can cause increased hemoglobin, including liver, kidney, heart disease, and polycythemia.

    Do not try to lower your hemoglobin level without finding out why it is high. See your doctor for an examination.

    : its viscosity increases and fluidity decreases. Circulation is broken. Consequently, the flow of oxygen to the tissues decreases. It occurs mainly with polycytomy.

    Thick blood in turn leads to circulatory disorders, which can lead to strokes and heart problems, and the risk of death from a stroke, blood clots or heart attack will increase.

    The constant state of high hemoglobin is dangerous and can be fatal.

    Hemoglobin concentration is an important indicator of blood composition. Deviation of its level from the norm to a greater or lesser extent indicates the presence of pathological processes in the body, which need to be identified as soon as possible.

    With hemoglobin 180, the blood viscosity in men becomes the same as with anemia. But, in addition to the fact that oxygen transport is deteriorating, another problem arises. It is associated with an increased likelihood of blood clots and clogging of blood vessels.

    Blood clots in the pulmonary artery, coronary vessels, and deep veins of the lower extremities are especially dangerous. Due to the high hemoglobin, the risk of dangerous consequences and complications that a man has with any surgical intervention increases sharply.

    Hemochromatosis

    More often than women, men have a rare hereditary disease hemochromatosis. The disease manifests itself most often after 40 years in men.

    At one stage of hemochromatosis, increased hemoglobin in the blood is combined with low hemoglobin in the red blood cell (MCHC). The analysis of MCHC shows the saturation of the red blood cell with hemoglobin.

    Elevated hemoglobin in the blood of men with low MCS is dangerous because it masks the actual state of oxygen starvation, which creates a high risk of hypoxia for the brain and myocardial cells.

    A decrease in MCHC with increased blood hemoglobin means a latent oxygen deficiency in the tissues, as well as the fact that iron is poorly absorbed in the body. Excess iron is deposited, affecting the heart, pancreas, liver, joints.

    In a patient with hemochromatosis, 40-60 g of iron accumulates in the body, instead of the prescribed 3-4 g.

    For hemochromatosis are characteristic:

    • bronze diabetes – darkening, brown skin tone;
    • the disappearance of an erection, atrophy of the testicles in men;
    • cirrhosis of the liver.

    Symptoms of hemochromatosis are:

    • pain in the abdomen, joints;
    • decreased libido;
    • arrhythmia;
    • reduced ability to work.

    But the same indicator of hemoglobin in an elderly person who is far from sports, especially if he smokes, may indicate abnormalities in the cardiovascular system, lungs, kidneys, and liver.

    For analysis of increased hemoglobin, blood is taken from a finger or from a vein. Finger blood test results are slightly higher than vein test results. If hemoglobin during blood sampling from a finger shows 172 in a man, then the result from a vein can show 176-179.

    What matters is the way the analysis was conducted. In each case, when obtaining improved test results, you need to retake the analysis, and preferably in another laboratory.

    Reasons for the decline

    The methods of treatment and correction of increased hemoglobin in women are aimed at diluting blood and reducing the concentration of red blood cells. For this purpose, for example, the following drugs are prescribed:

    The appointment of hirudotherapy is acceptable – treatment with leeches. With a bite of leeches, the hirudin enzyme contained in their saliva enters the human blood. Hirudin has a bi-directional effect on blood: on the one hand, it slows down blood coagulation processes, and on the other, it reduces the risk of blood clots. It should be noted that for therapy it is necessary to use exclusively medical leeches sold in a pharmacy and diluted in laboratory conditions. For one session, 5 leeches are enough, each of which sucks no more than 15 ml of human blood with a bite.

    In combination with drug treatment and hirudotherapy, you must adhere to a certain menu:

    • the amount of red meat in the diet should be reduced, and offal (liver, tongue, kidneys) should be completely eliminated;
    • white meat and low-fat fish should prevail in the diet;
    • legumes (peas, beans, lentils) are allowed, since the iron, which prevails in their composition, is poorly absorbed by the human body;
    • vitamin complexes containing folic acid and B vitamins are excluded;
    • It is forbidden to use juices, as well as decoctions of rose hips;
    • drink clean water without gas often and in small portions: every half hour – 1 cup of water.

    Diagnosis of hemoglobin level is mandatory when conducting a general blood test. Dates do not exceed 1 day. The biomaterial for analysis is venous or capillary blood. To obtain the most reliable results, you must adhere to the recommendations for preparation:

    • exclude fatty and fried foods for 1 day;
    • blood is given strictly on an empty stomach, the last meal at least 8 hours;
    • in half an hour physical and emotional stress is limited;
    • for 1 hour you must not smoke.

    Otherwise, the risk of an incorrect diagnosis and the selection of treatment methods that worsen the patient’s condition are not excluded.

    Reference (normal) values ​​are selected individually for each patient, taking into account gender, age and the menstrual cycle.

    The rate of hemoglobin, g / l

    Both0-14 days135 – 200Up to 1 month100 – 1701-2 months95 – 1302-4 months100 – 1404-6 months110 – 1406-9 months100 – 1509-12 months115 – 1451-5 years110 – 1505-10 years115 – 14510-12 years120 – 160Man12-15 years120 – 16015-18 years120 – 17018-45 years130 – 17045-60 years140 – 175Older than 60 years120 – 175Woman12-15 years110 – 15015-18 years120 – 15518-45 years115 – 16045-60 years120 – 160Older than 60 years110 – 170

    It should be noted that even with a normal quantitative content of red blood cells in the blood, a deviation of the reference values ​​of the Hb index can be observed.

    A small one-time deviation from the norm is not a cause for concern. In other words, if hemoglobin 160 is detected in a patient under the age of 18, then there is no need for additional laboratory and instrumental examinations.

    Despite the difference in normal values ​​for different sexes, hemoglobin of 150 g / l is considered the optimal value for both women and men.

    • refusal of abuse of alcohol, tobacco smoking and psychotropic drugs;
    • compliance with proper nutrition;
    • drinking large amounts of clean water without gas;
    • limitation of physical and emotional overload;
    • health monitoring – annual routine examinations and maintenance treatment of chronic diseases.

    Summary of this article

    To summarize, it must be emphasized:

    • hemoglobin 153 in women is a normal value, however, a slight deviation is not a sign of the disease;
    • consistently high indicators of the considered criterion – a sufficient reason for the appointment of a comprehensive laboratory and instrumental examination of the patient in order to identify the causes;
    • one of the reasons for a high level of hemoglobin in women may be pregnancy, in this case there is no need to carry out measures to reduce it;
    • the analysis data obtained is influenced by the correct preparation for the delivery of biomaterial, as well as the intake of medications;
    • the treatment regimen for hyperhemoglobinemia is prescribed by the attending physician. As a rule, it consists of taking drugs that thin the blood and diet;
    • complications of increased hemoglobin concentration are manifested in the form of blood clots, therefore, it is necessary to strictly adhere to the treatment regimen and follow all the doctor’s recommendations.

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Svetlana Borszavich

General practitioner, cardiologist, with active work in therapy, gastroenterology, cardiology, rheumatology, immunology with allergology.
Fluent in general clinical methods for the diagnosis and treatment of heart disease, as well as electrocardiography, echocardiography, monitoring of cholera on an ECG and daily monitoring of blood pressure.
The treatment complex developed by the author significantly helps with cerebrovascular injuries and metabolic disorders in the brain and vascular diseases: hypertension and complications caused by diabetes.
The author is a member of the European Society of Therapists, a regular participant in scientific conferences and congresses in the field of cardiology and general medicine. She has repeatedly participated in a research program at a private university in Japan in the field of reconstructive medicine.

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