Among the causes leading to the development of atherosclerosis of the aorta of the heart, we can distinguish:
The patient is over 40 years old. The risk of atherosclerosis formation increases in parallel with the years lived;
Gender (men under 55 years old suffer from heart aortic atherosclerosis much more often than women);
The hereditary factor, that is, the risk of developing atherosclerosis in those families where relatives suffered from a similar disease, increases;
Bad habits, in particular, smoking. Resins and nicotine contained in the smoke contribute to spasms of the coronary arteries, increasing the risk of coronary artery disease and increasing blood pressure;
Irrationally selected diet with a predominance of animal fat in the menu;
Low motor activity, which leads to the formation of diabetes and obesity, as well as to a decrease in the rate of metabolic processes and the formation of atherosclerotic plaques;
High blood pressure;
Frequent infections and intoxication of the body.
Atherosclerosis of the aorta and coronary arteries is a disease in which cholesterol plaques form on the inner surface of the vessel, affecting the patency of the artery and disrupting normal blood circulation. If the pathology is not cured at the initial stage, the choroid becomes inelastic, fragile and can be damaged at any time, which is fraught with serious complications.
Atherosclerotic disease of the vessels of the heart often develops due to the negative impact on the body of such internal and external factors:
- hereditary predisposition;
- endocrine and hormonal disruptions;
- arterial hypertension;
- chronic cardiovascular disease;
- systemic pathologies;
- diabetic angiopathy;
- abuse of bad habits;
- improper diet;
- constant stress, nervous strain;
- inactive, sedentary lifestyle;
- age-related physiological changes that disrupt the functioning of the heart muscle and blood vessels.
Circulatory disturbance occurs due to the formation of aneurysm, which appears due to fatty plaques.
Under the constant influence of negative factors, a pathological compaction of the walls of the aorta occurs, and a fat stain forms in the lumen, which constantly increases in size. Due to a violation of the structure of vascular tissues, an aneurysm is formed, which leads to a shortage of blood supply and a disruption in the functioning of internal organs and systems.
To prevent the occurrence of the disease, everyone should understand what it is – atherosclerosis of the aorta of the heart, and for what reasons it occurs. The factors that provoke the formation of this disease can be divided into removable, potentially removable and unremovable. The latest development reasons include:
Elderly people significantly increase the risk of atherosclerosis. In addition, it is worth noting that men get sick much more often than women. A large role is played by a genetic predisposition. Among the removable reasons can be identified such as:
- unbalanced nutrition;
While smoking, tar and nicotine provoke spasms of blood vessels, which significantly increases the risk of arterial hypertension and atherosclerosis. Malnutrition accelerates the development of the pathological process when animal fats predominate in the diet. A sedentary lifestyle, which contributes to the development of many different diseases, leads to a violation of the fat balance in the body.
Partially removable reasons include:
- infections and intoxication of the body;
Be sure to treat high blood pressure, as it leads to faster formation of plaques. In addition, many diseases and impaired functioning of body systems lead to the occurrence of atherosclerosis.
- Stages of development
- Symptoms of the disease
- Why does the disease occur?
- Conducting diagnostics
- What treatment is prescribed?
- Features of treatment
- Preventive measures
- Surgical intervention
- Alternative methods of therapy
- A little anatomy
- Development pathogenesis
- Risk Factors
- Compliance with diet
- Treatment and prevention
Atherosclerotic plaques can form on any part of the aorta. Common localization departments are:
- Ascendant. This site, originating in the left ventricle of the heart, located between the valve and the brachiocephalic trunk.
- Downward. It is located from the mouth of the left subclavian artery to the diaphragm.
And also distinguish atherosclerosis of the aortic arch, which connects the ascending and thoracic sections. Atherosclerosis of the iliac arteries is localized below the diaphragmatic site, with its progression, lesions of the mesenteric vessels responsible for blood circulation in the abdominal organs are observed.
Stages of development
There are several stages of development of atherosclerosis of the aorta of the heart valves, among which it is necessary to distinguish such as:
- the formation of a grease spot;
At the initial stage, there is damage to the walls of blood vessels, a slowdown in total blood flow and the formation of fatty deposits. This is most noticeable in the areas of branching of the vascular system. Gradually protective mechanisms cease to function fully? and complex compounds are formed in this area. The duration of the initial stage is very different. However, it can be observed even in infants.
In the second stage, connective tissue begins to grow around fatty deposits and plaque formation occurs. If treatment is done on time, then the prognosis is quite favorable. After all, plaques are subject to dissolution. At this stage, the walls of the vessels gradually lose their elasticity, begin to crack and blood clots form.
The third stage is characterized by the fact that the plaques begin to condense and calcium salts are deposited. In some cases, the pathology does not cause the patient any discomfort and progresses for a long time. However, very dangerous complications may arise.
Symptoms of the disease
With atherosclerosis of the aorta of the heart, the symptoms of the disease for a long time are completely absent. The first signs appear only when the walls of the vessels have undergone significant changes, and longer treatment is required. Atherosclerosis is detected only during diagnosis or after complications. Depending on the localization of the pathological process, the symptoms of atherosclerosis of the aorta of the heart can be different.
With damage to the thoracic aorta, there are such characteristic signs as:
- severe burning pain in the shoulder, shoulder area and arms;
- dizziness and headache;
- pressure increase;
- hoarseness and difficulty swallowing.
Non-specific symptoms can also include the formation of wen on the face and rapid aging. In addition, a bright streak appears on the iris of the eye. Among the main signs of atherosclerosis of the abdominal region can be distinguished such as:
- abdominal pain after eating;
- digestive disorders;
- soreness in the navel;
- rapid weight loss.
Often, such a disease leads to ischemia, as well as the necrosis of the intestinal loops. When the first signs of atherosclerosis of the aorta of the heart appear, it is necessary to undergo a comprehensive diagnosis and subsequent treatment.
Many people have atherosclerosis of the aortic heart. What to do? This is the first question that patients ask, since this disease is very dangerous for its complications. The resulting plaques slow down the flow of blood from the heart to various organs, as a result of which oxygen starvation of tissues and a lack of nutrients can be observed.
A thrombus forms around the plaque, which, if it comes off, can provoke many complications, up to the death of the patient. Atherosclerosis can cause complications such as:
- the death of some tissues;
- impaired functioning of the heart;
- the formation of trophic ulcers on the limbs and gangrene.
In addition, in men, atherosclerosis can provoke a violation of sexual activity. Moreover, all these processes are completely irreversible. If you do not conduct treatment on time, then a man can never have children.
Among the frequent complications, the formation of aneurysms of the thoracic or abdominal region can be distinguished. This pathology is accompanied by the formation of protrusions in the area of thinned vessels. With strong growth, you can determine them by palpation.
With stratification of the aneurysm, there may be acute bleeding, which leads to the death of the patient.
The initial signs of the development of the disease are angina pectoris and sharp stomach cramps.
- At the initial stage, the aortic wall has normal patency, however, in a certain place a fat stain forms, which gradually increases in size, due to which the vascular system ceases to function normally. From time to time, the patient is disturbed by ischemic syndrome in the form of angina attacks, sharp spasms in the stomach.
- At stage 2, atherosis of the aorta develops. This is a complication in which, in addition to an increase in the volume of fatty plaque, connective tissues begin to grow. Affected areas become inflamed, macroscopic lesions appear on them, which leads to inflammation and intoxication of the body. The risk of developing a stroke or myocardial infarction increases.
- The last 3 degree is characterized by the compaction of fatty plaques, which negatively affects blood circulation. At this stage, severe complications develop, such as ischemia, necrosis, or complete blockage of the vessel lumen.
Other common signs of aortic atherosclerosis are:
- acute pain, localized in the left half of the chest, often giving away under the shoulder blade and arm;
- sudden jumps in blood pressure;
- problems with swallowing;
- dizziness, clouding of the mind;
- the formation of wen on the face.
Atherosclerosis of mesenteric arteries is accompanied by the following symptoms:
- abdominal pain;
- sharp weight loss;
- problems with digestion;
- bloating, flatulence, indigestion.
The main cause of atherosclerosis of the aorta and its branches is lipid imbalance, when the level of lipoproteins in the blood decreases due to an increase in substances with a lower density. The rapid appearance of atherosclerotic plaques reduces the diameter of the vessels. This affects the nutrition of the heart and threatens the appearance of ischemia.
The causes of arteriosclerosis of the arteries include:
- hereditary predisposition;
- lack of physical activity;
- frequent stress;
- reduced immunity;
- endocrine disorders, including diabetes;
- intoxication and infection.
The disease in the initial stages develops almost asymptomatically, sometimes the period of plaque formation can take several decades. Depending on which part of the aorta of the heart has been affected, a person will experience certain discomforts.
If the thoracic aorta has undergone pathological changes, then the person will complain about the following symptoms:
Pain in the chest, arising with a certain periodicity and wearing a burning character;
Increased systolic blood pressure;
Difficulty swallowing food;
Premature gray hair and early aging;
Hair overgrowth in auricles;
The formation of wen on the face;
The appearance of a light strip on the outer shell of the iris.
When atherosclerosis affects the abdominal region of the cardiac aorta, a person may complain about:
Violations of the stool, expressed in the periodic change of diarrhea with constipation;
Bloating, increased gas formation;
Progressive weight loss;
Paroxysmal aching pains of low intensity that occur after eating and stop after two hours;
Severe abdominal pain that does not stop with painkillers may indicate the development of inflammation of the abdominal organs or the peritoneum itself, which occurs as a result of thrombosis;
Increased blood pressure;
The development of renal failure.
Why does the disease occur?
Atherosclerosis of the aorta and its branches with untimely treatment is the cause of the appearance of aneurysm, which, in turn, leads to stratification of the walls of the vessel and heart failure. If the aortic valve is affected, cerebral circulation is impaired, which contributes to hypoxia, speech loss, paralysis, paresis, stroke, fatal outcomes are not uncommon.
- pneumosclerosis, in which functional lung tissue is replaced by connective;
- angina pectoris;
- hypoxia and necrosis of organs and tissues;
- renal and heart failure.
How to treat atherosclerosis of the aorta of the heart can only be determined by the attending doctor after a comprehensive diagnosis. To make a diagnosis, the doctor initially collects a medical history and examines the patient. Depending on the complaints, he identifies an area that requires a more comprehensive diagnosis.
During the examination, the doctor must initially measure the pressure. If the disease occurs in the abdominal region, then when you feel it, you can detect irregularities and varying degrees of hardness. In some cases, the therapist may refer to narrower specialists, in particular, to a cardiologist, a vascular surgeon.
Then tests are prescribed to determine the level and composition of cholesterol in the body, since atherosclerosis provokes precisely an excessive amount of this substance. For a more accurate diagnosis, studies are carried out using special equipment. May be required
Ultrasound or MRI. In addition, duplex or triplex scanning is often prescribed.
Only after a comprehensive diagnosis can you determine the presence of the disease and choose the treatment method. This disease has many varieties that are treated differently. Therefore, it is important to correctly diagnose.
What treatment is prescribed?
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To cure cardiosclerosis, you must first get rid of the root of the problem – high cholesterol in the blood. In this situation, one pill can not do. It is important to establish nutrition, get rid of bad habits, do the exercises prescribed by the doctor, and connect moderate physical labor.
To improve vascular patency and eliminate pathological symptoms, drugs of the following groups are prescribed:
Features of treatment
Knowing what is atherosclerosis of the aorta of the heart and what kind of ailment has signs, it is possible to recognize the symptoms of the disease in a timely manner and consult a doctor to obtain the required treatment. Therapy should be started as early as possible, adhering to principles such as:
- decrease in cholesterol intake with food;
- stimulation of its withdrawal and reduction of synthesis;
- elimination of the effects of infections.
An important role is played by diet and proper nutrition, which eliminates the consumption of foods containing cholesterol.
In order to prevent the development of atherosclerosis of the aorta, it is necessary to monitor health, increase the protective functions of the body, and lead a healthy lifestyle. If a person has a tendency to this disease, it is necessary to regularly undergo preventive medical examinations and donate blood for analysis, with the help of which the level of cholesterol in the blood is determined.
Treatment of atherosclerosis of the aorta of the heart is carried out with the use of medications. Modern medicines help eliminate the main signs of atherosclerosis. The patient is prescribed such groups of drugs as:
- a nicotinic acid;
- beta blockers.
Statins help lower blood cholesterol by decreasing its synthesis in the body. From the side effects of such drugs, a violation of the functioning of the liver can be distinguished. Among these drugs can be noted “Zokor”, “Mekavor”, “Praholah”.
Niacin helps reduce bad cholesterol. Among the most common side effects can be noted vasodilation, redness of the skin, rash, impaired functioning of the stomach and intestines.
Sequestrants of bile acids contribute to the combination of cholesterol with bile acids and the removal of harmful substances from the body. These drugs have very few side effects, which include nausea, heartburn, constipation, flatulence. Among such drugs, it is worth highlighting Kolesevelam, Kolestipol.
Surgical treatment of atherosclerosis of the aorta of the heart is carried out only in cases where there is a high risk of a threat to life. Carry out such types of operations as:
- bypass surgery;
- replacement of the affected area.
Angioplasty involves the reconstruction of blood vessels, as a result of which there is an opportunity to restore its lumen. Shunting implies the imposition of a shunt, which helps to normalize impaired blood flow. If an aneurysm was detected, then an operation is performed to excise it and replace the removed part with synthetic prostheses. Aneurysm rupture can only be treated surgically. The operation is performed only on vital indications.
Alternative methods of therapy
Aortic atherosclerosis is a lesion of a large vessel, accompanied by deposition of cholesterol in the form of plaques on the intima. This leads to vascular stenosis, malnutrition of the blood supply organs. Symptoms of atherosclerosis are manifested by attacks of angina pectoris, which leads to the development of coronary heart disease (coronary heart disease), myocardial infarction, vascular aneurysm and cardiosclerosis. In advanced cases, multifocal atherosclerosis leads to disability and death.
A little anatomy
Aorta is one of the largest and most important human arteries.
The aorta is one of the largest arteries in the human body, originates from the left ventricle, branches out in the form of numerous small vessels, which then follow to all tissues and organs.
The thoracic aorta is the initial site with numerous arteries, which is responsible for the blood supply to the neck, head, upper limbs and chest.
The abdominal aorta is the final section of the aorta with many arteries, providing blood to all organs of the abdominal region. The final section of the abdominal aorta is divided into two branches: the right and left iliac arteries, which supply the legs and pelvic organs.
Atherosclerosis of the blood vessels of the heart occurs due to systemic damage in violation of protein and lipid metabolism in the walls of blood vessels. In this case, there is a change in the ratio between cholesterol, proteins and phospholipids, as well as the accumulation of β-lipoproteins.
Atherosclerosis development stages:
There is a microdamage to vascular intima, a local slowdown in blood flow and fat deposition. Most of all, this is observed in the areas of branching of blood vessels, loosening of the inner wall occurs, it swells. Gradually, the protective mechanisms cease to function normally, complex complexes of compounds (cholesterol, protein) are formed in these areas and they begin to be deposited on the intima of the arteries. The duration of the first stage is different, but diagnosis is possible even in infants;
Around the attachment of fatty deposits, connective tissue begins to grow and atheromatous (atherosclerotic) plaque (fat connective tissue fibers) forms. The treatment at this stage is very successful, since plaques can undergo dissolution, although there is a danger of their separation and movement through the vessels. The wall of the artery gradually loses elasticity, ulcerates, cracks, which leads to the formation of blood clots;
It looks like the heart of a person suffering a heart attack
Plaques condense, Ca salts begin to be deposited in them. In some cases, pathological proliferation during atherosclerosis of the vessels of the heart does not cause severe problems for the patient, behaves stably, deforming and narrowing the lumen of the vessel gradually. This leads to a progressive chronic violation of the blood supply to the organ that the diseased artery feeds.
Factors that cause aortic atherosclerosis are: disposable, potentially disposable and unremovable.
- age. With the years lived, the risk of developing vascular atherosclerosis increases, changes to one degree or another are found in patients after 40-50 years;
- floor. Men suffer from atherosclerosis more often than women 4 times, the development of the disease occurs 10 years earlier, and after 55 years the disease level in both sexes is compared. This is due to the fact that in women there is a decrease in the production of estrogens and their protective functions in menopause;
- heredity. In families where there are patients with atherosclerosis, the risk of early onset of the disease in their descendants is great.
- smoking. Nicotine and tar cause spasms of the coronary arteries and other vessels, which increases the risk of developing hyperlipidemia, coronary artery disease and hypertension;
- unbalanced diet. A large amount of animal fat in the diet accelerates the development of atherosclerotic changes in the vessels, you need a diet;
- lack of exercise. A sedentary lifestyle leads to fat imbalance in the body, arteriosclerosis, obesity and diabetes.
- arterial hypertension. High pressure must be treated, as it leads to increased impregnation of the walls of blood vessels with fats, and the rapid formation of atherosclerotic plaques. However, with atherosclerosis, the low elasticity of the vascular walls contributes to maintaining high blood pressure;
- dyslipidemia. In case of impaired fat metabolism, there is an increase in cholesterol, lipoproteins and triglycerides, this contributes to the rapid development of atherosclerosis;
- diabetes mellitus, obesity. The likelihood of developing arteriosclerosis of arteries increases by 7 times, which is explained by a violation of fat metabolism and is the “trigger” of atherosclerotic vascular damage;
- intoxication, infection. Toxic and infectious agents, invading the body, have a damaging effect on the walls of blood vessels and cause atherosclerotic changes.
Most often, lesions of the vessels of the abdominal and chest walls, changes in the functioning of the aortic valve, renal vessels, coronary, mesenteric arteries and vessels of the lower extremities and the brain are observed.
There are two periods of symptom development:
- preclinical (asymptomatic). Elevated cholesterol, β-lipoproteins are noted in the absence of obvious symptoms of aortic atherosclerosis;
- clinical. Aortic atherosclerosis begins to manifest itself when narrowing (stenosis) of the lumen of the vessels by 50% or more, while there are three stages of the disease: fibrous, ischemic and thrombonecrotic.
Ischemia – characterized by the development of insufficiency of blood supply to organs, for example, atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries develops with myocardial ischemia and manifests itself in the form of angina pectoris.
Thrombonecrotia – characterized by the addition of altered arteries to the pathological process of thrombosis (complicated by myocardial infarction).
Fibrous stage – there is an overgrowth of connective tissue in the vessels, poor blood supply to organs, which leads to atherosclerotic cardiosclerosis.
Coronary heart disease is the most common disease in the world.
Symptoms of manifestations depend on the localization of the pathological process. So with atherosclerosis of the coronary vessels, the patient has characteristic signs of angina pectoris, cardiosclerosis, there may be myocardial infarction. Changes in aortic atherosclerosis do not appear sharply, the course of the disease is long, asymptomatic for a long time.
Symptoms of a lesion of the thoracic aorta are manifested by aortalgia – burning, pressing pains behind the sternum, passing into the back, arms, upper abdomen and neck. They can last for several hours or days, then weakening, then intensifying. With a decrease in the elasticity of the walls of the aorta, an increase in the work of the heart occurs, which leads to left ventricular myocardial hypertrophy.
Atherosclerotic change in the abdominal aorta leads to pain in the abdomen, constipation, flatulence. With atherosclerosis of abdominal aortic bifurcation, the patient develops numbness of the lower extremities, sensations of cold, swelling, hyperemia of the feet, ulcers and necrosis.
Atherosclerosis of the abdominal aorta develops most often and becomes the cause of abdominal ischemic disease, which leads to poor blood supply to the internal organs, there are:
- digestion disorder. Alternating diarrhea, constipation, decreased appetite, bloating;
- paroxysmal pain after eating. Aching, without exact localization, not pronounced. They pass independently after 2-3 hours;
- weight loss. It is progressive in nature and is a consequence of digestive disorders.
One of the most dangerous complications of atherosclerosis in the abdominal aorta is thrombosis of visceral arteries. This requires immediate medical attention, otherwise there is a necrosis of the intestinal loops and the development of massive inflammation of the abdominal cavity and peritoneum. Peritonitis develops, while the patient’s life is counted on the clock.
- severe pain that does not pass under the influence of painkillers and antispasmodics;
- a sharp deterioration in the patient’s condition.
Check and maintain normal blood pressure
Arterial hypertension and renal failure with atherosclerosis of the abdominal aorta and renal arteries are no less difficult. High blood pressure develops due to impaired blood supply to the kidneys and with the activation of the renning-aldosterone system. Renal failure develops due to the replacement of kidney tissue with connective tissue, a gradual necrosis of the cells occurs with poor blood supply.
Atherosclerosis of the aortic arch leads to the occurrence of aortic aneurysm – a dangerous complication of atherosclerosis.
Treatment of atherosclerosis of large vessels is carried out as early as possible, adhering to the following principles:
- a decrease in cholesterol synthesis by tissues and a decrease in its intake with food;
- stimulation of the withdrawal of cholesterol and its metabolites from the body;
- elimination of the effects of infectious pathogens.
An important role in eliminating the causes of the development of atherosclerosis of the heart is played by nutrition and diet, which eliminates the presence of cholesterol-containing products.
The following groups of drugs are used for treatment:
- nicotinic acid and its derivatives. Called to reduce triglycerides, cholesterol in the blood. Increase the amount of high density lipoproteins that have antiatherogenic properties. It can not be prescribed for liver diseases;
- fibrates (miskleron, hevilan, atromide). Drugs reduce the synthesis of their own fats, but can disrupt the liver and provoke the development of cholelithiasis;
- a group of statins (Zokor, Mevacor, Pravol) – lowers cholesterol, reducing its production by the body. They use drugs at night, because cholesterol synthesis occurs mainly at night. Liver function may be impaired;
- sequestrants of bile acids (cholestide, cholestyramine). Called to bind and excrete bile acids, reducing the amount of cholesterol and fats in the body. Side effects can be constipation and flatulence.
The treatment of atherosclerosis of the aorta of the heart with folk remedies can give a good enough result, especially if the therapy is started on time and in the absence of concomitant diseases and complications. As a treatment and prevention, you can take vegetable oils strictly on an empty stomach.
Compliance with diet
Diet for atherosclerosis of the aorta of the heart can improve the quality of life, prevent the occurrence of complications. Be sure to follow the rules of a healthy diet and exclude from your diet foods such as:
- food containing a large amount of animal fats;
- foods containing trans fats;
- refined sugar;
- strong coffee and tea.
In addition, you need to minimize the amount of salt consumed. With the course of atherosclerosis, it is worth giving preference to such foods as:
- low-fat dairy products;
- whole grain products.
In addition to a balanced diet, it is important to ensure sufficient physical activity to bring your weight back to normal. This is very important to reduce the risk of complications.
Treatment and prevention
In order to prevent the occurrence of atherosclerosis and subsequently dangerous complications, prophylaxis is necessary in a timely manner. This is especially important if there is a predisposition to this disease. At the first suspicion of atherosclerosis, you should immediately consult a doctor for diagnosis. In addition, a comprehensive examination is required at least once a year.
A person should abandon all bad habits and properly organize food. It is important to follow all the recommendations of the attending doctor, especially if the patient has diseases that provoke the formation of plaques.
You need to try to protect yourself from stressful situations. A prolonged stay in a state of anxiety has a detrimental effect on the whole organism as a whole, including the functioning of the cardiovascular system.
Preventive measures are aimed at preventing an increase in blood cholesterol and preventing it from being deposited on the walls of the aorta.
To reduce the risk of developing atherosclerosis, you must:
Refuse bad habits, first of all, from smoking and drinking alcohol;
Redefine your approach to nutrition. Although the proportion of cholesterol that enters the bloodstream from food is not too high and amounts to only 25-30%, nevertheless, as a preventive measure, it will not be amiss to eliminate dishes containing animal fats from the diet;
If at least one of the signs indicating problems in the work of the aorta of the heart has been noticed, you should consult a doctor as soon as possible and undergo a comprehensive diagnosis;
Timely treatment of concomitant diseases will reduce the risk of heart aortic atherosclerosis. We are talking about diabetes, hypertension, obesity;
Maintaining an active lifestyle, moderate physical activity, practicing accessible sports will make it possible, if not avoided, then significantly delay the manifestation of the disease;
It is necessary to fence off stressful situations as much as possible, to carry out the prevention and treatment of infectious diseases;
It is worth taking annual examinations in the clinic at the place of residence, which is especially important for people who have crossed the milestone of 40 years.
Compliance with these preventive measures will reduce the risk of developing atherosclerosis of the aorta of the heart, avoid serious complications of the disease and maintain a high quality of life.
Article author: Molchanov Sergey Nikolaevich | Cardiologist
Education: Diploma in “Cardiology” received at PSMU them. I.M.Sechenova (2015). Graduate school was passed here and a diploma “Cardiologist” was obtained.
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The choice of treatment for atherosclerosis of the aorta and coronary arteries, its effectiveness depends on the degree of vascular damage and on the individual parameters of the body.
Methods for the treatment of atherosclerosis of the aorta and valves
An integrated approach to treatment.
Rejection of bad habits.
Treatment of pathologies leading to disruptions of the cardiovascular system – hypertension, diabetes mellitus.
Regular physical activity.
The use of drugs that normalize the lipid balance, dilute the formed plaques and dilate blood vessels:
– sequestration of bile acids,
It is used in difficult situations when drug treatment does not help with the risk of clogging of blood vessels.
Surgically remove the most destroyed parts of the aorta.
In their place, prostheses are installed to restore blood flow.
The treatment of atherosclerosis of the aorta of the heart should be prescribed by a therapist. Drug treatment involves the use of nicotinic acid, fibrates, sequestrants of bile acids. Atherosclerosis of the aorta and coronary arteries does not always respond to the treatment of drugs, therefore, at the risk of complications, surgery is performed.
Nutrition and diet for vascular atherosclerosis are aimed at optimizing weight, reducing the consumption of animal fats and increasing the amount of plant foods consumed. Alcohol, confectionery fats, fried and spicy foods, canned food, sausages, and cigarettes are excluded from the diet.
The Mediterranean diet with seafood, vegetables, olive oil is an excellent food for arteriosclerosis. The diet for sclerosis of the blood vessels of the heart involves instead of pork and beef, eating fish, chicken, and rabbit. Many patients recommend the use of Elena Malysheva’s technique for prevention and complex treatment.
The use of such drugs for aortic atherosclerosis is possible only with the consent of the doctor and in combination with other methods. Reduces cholesterol decoction of garlic, barley, or flaxseed.
Pressure normalizes the decoction of chokeberry, leaves of wild strawberry, hawthorn, mistletoe. Raw potato juice helps to prevent pathologies of the blood vessels of the heart.
– sufficient physical activity;
– rejection of bad habits;
It is impossible to predict the course of the disease. With the first symptoms of initial aortic atherosclerosis, you need to see a therapist. The maintenance of health and the slowing down of the course of the disease depend on timely assistance provided, which means a reduction in the risk to life.
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