With diseases of the genitourinary system, women face more often than men due to the peculiarities of the structure of the body. A woman’s urethra is much shorter than a man’s and is about 3-5 cm, in length, based on this, their risk of infection is much higher, since it is easier for pathogens to penetrate inside.
Unpleasant odor from the urethra in women
Faced with symptoms of diseases of an intimate nature, the fair sex often postpone a visit to the doctor until later, embarrassed by problems of a purely personal nature. One of the most common signs of diseases of the genitourinary system is an unpleasant odor from the urethra.
It can arise due to insufficient attention to the hygiene of the genital organs, and in some cases it can be a symptom of a dangerous disease that requires immediate treatment, otherwise unwanted complications may occur.
The reasons for the appearance and what could it be?
There are a number of diseases that cause pathological changes in the odor emanating from the female urethra. The main ones include: gardnerellosis and urethritis.
The reasons for the unpleasant odor from the urethra also include the following:
- Hypothermia of the genitals.
- Sexually transmitted diseases.
- Genital trauma.
- Non-compliance with personal hygiene.
- Inflammatory processes in the genitourinary system.
- Weak immunity.
How dangerous is it and symptoms, what diseases can it be?
What danger is an unpleasant odor from the urethra, can be said only after finding out the reasons for its origin. If the fragrance appeared due to poor hygiene, then it does not pose a particular threat. You just need to regularly wash your genitals and change your underwear more often.
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Gardnerellosis is also relatively safe for the fairer sex. The disease affects only the squamous epithelium of the vagina and does not spread to other organs. However, the fishy smell that haunts a woman throughout the day causes a lot of trouble and inconvenience.
Gardnerellosis is sexually transmitted. Cases of infection by contact and everyday life are quite rare; it is not transmitted through kissing and oral sex. The causative agent of the disease is a special bacteria called Gardnerella vaginalis. The disease occurs in women who often change sexual partners and have a wild sex life.
In addition to the unpleasant fishy aroma from the urethra, the main signs of bacteria entering the female body include:
- Highlights in gray.
- Itching and burning in the genital area.
Urethritis is inflammation of the urethra.
The reasons for its occurrence are manifold:
- Injury and trauma to the genital organs.
- Malignant neoplasms.
- Venous congestion in the pelvic area.
- Diseases of the genital organs.
- Hepatitis Virus.
Infection is possible: contact, sexual and hematogenous routes.
Accompanying symptoms depend on the cause of urethritis and often include the following symptoms:
- Frequent urge to urinate.
- Pain during the urinary process.
- Itching and burning.
- Purulent discharge.
- Unpleasant smell.
The danger of the disease lies in the fact that a chronic form can develop, the microflora of the vagina is disrupted and there is a risk of developing inflammatory processes in other organs.
In order to find out what caused the formation of an unpleasant odor, a professional diagnosis by a doctor is required, which can consist of the following manipulations:
- History taking.
- Examination of the patient, including the genitals.
- Blood and smear tests.
- Urine examination.
- Ultrasound examination.
- CT scan.
What to do and how to treat?
When a specific odor appears from a woman’s urethra, she must immediately consult a doctor to find out the reasons for its occurrence.
A specialist, using modern diagnostic methods, can determine the nature of the occurrence of a bad odor and, if necessary, prescribe a suitable treatment. If the bad odor is caused by gardnerellosis, then the treatment consists of taking antibiotics and using topical creams and gels. In parallel with the main treatment, immunotherapy is also carried out, the purpose of which is to strengthen the female body.
Urethritis is treated on an outpatient basis, medicines are prescribed individually, depending on which pathogen caused this disease. Often, therapy includes taking antiviral, anti-inflammatory and antibacterial drugs in the form of tablets, local drugs (vaginal suppositories, creams). Treatment is also carried out aimed at getting rid of symptoms, for example, analgesics, drugs aimed at combating itching.
When treating any diseases affecting the genitourinary system, it is recommended for the duration of treatment:
When treating sexually transmitted diseases, both partners should be treated in order to avoid the ping-pong effect.
A woman should always take responsibility for her health. Self-medication and the use of folk methods without the consent of a doctor is strictly prohibited. Therapy should be supervised by a specialist. Pregnant women should be systematically examined by an obstetrician-gynecologist.
There are a number of preventive methods that can prevent pathological changes in odor from the urethra:
- Eliminate the possibility of hypothermia.
- Keep your feet warm.
- Avoid casual intimate contact.
- Choose your sex partners carefully.
- Strengthen the immune system: temper, play sports, take vitamin complexes.
- Use condoms.
- Treat STDs under the supervision of a gynecologist.
- Follow the recommendations and dosage of the medication strictly according to the doctor’s instructions.
Performing all the described manipulations, problems with women’s health should not arise.