After alcohol, a strong heartbeat and tachycardia what to do

Tachycardia is a strong and accelerated heartbeat that exceeds the norm for an adult: 60-90 beats per minute. If pulse measurements show that there are more than 100 strokes, this is evidence of pathology. Violation of this nature is caused by pathological or physiological causes.

Physiological tachycardia is a phenomenon manifested after heavy exertion: running, exercising in the gym, lifting to heights, oxygen starvation. Also, the heart begins to beat more often if stress is suffered, drink alcohol, an energy drink or other stimulant. The reaction of the body is considered normal, not being a pathology.

Pathological is a violation of the heart muscle. It often manifests itself at rest in diseases such as heart disease, myocarditis, cardiosclerosis. In addition, the heart begins to frequent with anemia, neurosis, thyroid disease or with severe blood loss.

After drinking alcohol, each person notices some changes that have occurred to him. These include a strong heartbeat, that is, tachycardia from alcohol develops. Any dose of alcohol that enters the human body negatively affects the work of the brain, heart and liver. Therefore, the fact that the cause of the tachycardic attack is alcohol is not surprising.

Tachycardia is a violation of the rhythm of the heart, characterized by an increased number of heart contractions per minute. Normally, the frequency of heart contractions in an adult should be in the range of 60-90 beats per minute. If it rises to 100 strokes or more, you should immediately look for the causes of pathology.

Doctors divided tachycardia into two subspecies, depending on the causes of its occurrence.

Hangover tachycardia is a common occurrence for experienced alcoholics, but in the absence of health problems, a single dose of even a large amount of alcohol rarely causes a heartbeat above normal. If the heart beats badly from a hangover, you should go for an examination – pathological processes in the body are not ruled out, which have not yet made themselves felt.

Shortness of breath and palpitations from a hangover occur under the influence of the following factors:

  • disruption in the functioning of blood vessels – alcohol is rapidly absorbed into the blood and spreads throughout the body, the rhythm of blood vessels is lost, “pushing” blood to distant organs becomes more difficult, and the heart has to function in an emergency mode;
  • vitamin deficiency – drunken alcoholics have a deficiency of vitamins C, E and group B, as well as elements such as magnesium and potassium. It is they who maintain the heart in optimal condition. But not only alcoholics may have a lack of nutrients in the body. People with vitamin deficiency, when drinking alcohol, can also have a rapid heartbeat;
  • intoxication – many have experienced tachycardia after poisoning, for the same reason, a heartache from a hangover hurts, because ethyl alcohol is considered a strong toxin. After detoxifying the body, it is possible to cope with pain in the heart and other unpleasant symptoms of poisoning.

If your heart hurts with a hangover, you should check your blood pressure and beats per minute. If necessary, you can take sedatives of herbal origin, but this should be done after consulting a doctor, since not all drugs are combined with alcohol. Moreover, it is impossible to use, for example, the usual Corvalol, which helps with heart pain, after drinking. This drug is not compatible with alcohol and can lead to complications.

Why does a hangover hurt the heart of those who generally do not abuse alcohol? If acute pain occurs after drinking alcohol, and the heart beats like mad, you should immediately consult a doctor. Such conditions can be harbingers of an early heart attack or stroke.

Hangover arrhythmia occurs due to dehydration and severe intoxication. In a similar condition, dry mouth is observed, there are headaches and sensitivity to light and sound. Do not treat heart palpitations as a common sign of a hangover. If such conditions occur after each intake of alcohol, a complete medical examination is required to identify cardiovascular pathologies.

In what cases emergency medical care may be required:

  • severe shortness of breath on the background of a hangover syndrome;
  • exacerbation of chronic diseases;
  • panic conditions and fear of death;
  • heart pain and blurred consciousness.

Tachycardia with a hangover can occur against the background of acute heart pain, dizziness and loss of orientation, respiratory failure. Only a specialist will explain exactly why a hangover causes a heartache and will select the appropriate therapy in each case.

Rapid heartbeat, or tachycardia, is a violation of the rhythm of the heart, which is manifested by an increase in the number of contractions of the heart muscle per minute. The heart rate in a healthy adult is between 60 and 90 beats per minute. If the number of beats per minute exceeds 100, this is a manifestation of the pathology.

Depending on the causes of tachycardia, there can be two types: physiological and pathological.

Physiological tachycardia occurs after strong physical exertion, such as running, training, climbing, oxygen starvation, under stress, after using stimulants such as coffee, energy drinks, and alcohol. Physiological tachycardia is a normal body reaction to external stimuli, it is not a pathology.

Pathological tachycardia is a violation of the heart. It can appear even at rest or during sleep. Tachycardia appears in various diseases, such as heart disease, myocarditis, pulmonary heart, cardiosclerosis. Heart palpitations may be a manifestation of other diseases, such as, for example, anemia, neurosis, impaired thyroid function.

Types of syndrome

This syndrome is called tachycardia. The normal pulse rate for an adult is 60-90 beats per minute. But when its frequency varies within 100 or more beats per minute – this can already be attributed to a pathological condition. Doctors distinguish two types of tachycardia.

This type of pathology develops after increased physical exertion. Intense running, lifting weights, rising to heights and other types of loads leads to a physiological increase in heart rate. Such as:

  • smoking;
  • prolonged stress;
  • strong coffee;
  • oxygen starvation;
  • the use of various stimulants;
  • drinking alcohol, even low alcohol drinks.

Physiological tachycardia is a natural (normal) reaction of the human body to the effect of any loads. This condition does not apply to diseases.

But pathological tachycardia is already a serious violation in the work of internal organs, especially the heart. In this case, the pulse may suddenly increase even when a person is completely relaxed and resting while lying down. This tachycardia is noted with some heart ailments:

  • myocarditis;
  • cardiosclerosis;
  • pulmonary heart syndrome;
  • Thyroid gland diseases;
  • heart defects of various types;
  • anemia (a decrease in hemoglobin in the blood).

Pathological tachycardia is also able to form in situations dangerous to well-being, life and human health. For example, with a serious injury, intense bleeding. Such a syndrome in this case is an additional diagnosable indicator to a certain situation or disease.

Doctors, considering changes in the normal heart rate, divide this syndrome into two types:

In this case, it concerns a certain natural reaction that arose in the body to the activity of external stimuli. The following factors can provoke an arrhythmia of this type:

  • stressful states;
  • intense exercise;
  • exposure to certain drugs;
  • abuse of energy and caffeinated drinks;
  • lack of air (being in a smoky and stuffy room).

This type of tachycardia develops due to already existing pathologies of the internal organs and heart. This type of arrhythmia is characterized by a rapid pulse, even if a person is in a calm state. Against the background of a constantly increasing level of blood pumping, a personality can form pathological conditions such as:

  • ischemia;
  • stroke;
  • heart attack;
  • angina pectoris;
  • heart failure.

The risk of developing such pathologies increases several times against the background of constant consumption of alcohol-containing products. Therefore, in this case, treatment is possible only against the background of complete sobriety and refusal to use any type of alcohol.

Signs of tachycardia

A heartbeat too fast after alcohol, blurred and darkened eyes, short-term fainting, dizziness are all signs of tachycardia. It is not difficult to identify them yourself: the pulse of more than 100 beats per minute does not decrease, even if a person is in a state of complete rest for more than 5 minutes. The main risk group is “cores”: by drinking alcohol, the patient increases the risk of the disease with subsequent complications.

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To identify pathologies, doctors use an ECG examination, a check of the heart rhythm with different loads, the presence of changes in the muscle, hypertrophy and other procedures. But the very first signs of the manifestation of the disease are: rapid pulse and dizziness.

Myocardial dysfunction on the background of alcohol abuse is manifested as follows:

  • migraine;
  • dizziness;
  • drop in visual acuity;
  • respiratory depression (shortness of breath);
  • problems with coordination of movements;
  • pain in the area of ​​the heart.

Against the background of these signs, patients often develop vegetovascular dystonia. This occurs due to inhibition of the central nervous system by ethyl alcohol. For the developed IRR, the following symptoms are characteristic:

  • ringing and tinnitus;
  • depressive symptoms;
  • nervousness and mood swings;
  • the appearance of incomprehensible anxiety and fear;
  • problems with night rest (various sleep disorders).

The main signs of tachycardia are interruptions in the work of the heart, darkening in the eyes, dizziness, short-term loss of spatial orientation. In this case, pain in the chest area may occur. The main symptom is an increased heart rate. In a patient at rest, the pulse is accelerated for more than five minutes and does not slow down on its own.

What diseases does tachycardia appear after taking alcohol? For any cardiovascular disease, alcohol intake is not acceptable. In a person suffering from cardiovascular diseases, the use of alcohol exacerbates the pathological process. This also applies to tachycardia. Most heart diseases, such as angina pectoris, coronary heart disease, and hypertension, with the help of alcohol, cause an acceleration of the heart rate and increased pressure.

In case of cardiovascular diseases, alcoholic drinks should never be taken!

Tachycardia is characteristic of a disease such as alcoholic cardiomyopathy. The main reason for the development of this disease is chronic alcoholism. Doctors have found that for some patients, only three to four months of constant alcohol consumption is sufficient. Alcoholic cardiomyopathy has an extremely devastating effect on the human heart and its functions.

What should I do if a person develops a rapid heartbeat after taking alcohol? He needs to be examined at a medical facility. Tachycardia can be fatal in 20% of cases. It is one of the main factors of high mortality among people suffering from alcoholism. The main problem in the diagnosis of cardiomyopathy is the patients’ denial of their chronic alcoholism.

To detect pathology in medical institutions, an electrocardiogram and echocardiography are used. At the initial stage of the disease, the patient appears shortness of breath, sudden headaches, darkening in the eyes. Heart rate increases with minor exertion. With the progression of the disease, pathological changes in the heart occur, for example, specific arrhythmias or left ventricular hypertrophy. Doctors say with confidence that a strong heartbeat after taking alcohol is one of the main signs of cardiomyopathy.

symptomatology

The main manifestations of heart rate (heart rate):

  • pain in the head and chest;
  • increased heart rate;
  • frequent pulse;
  • increased or decreased pressure;
  • “Flies” in the eyes;
  • red face and chest;
  • impaired coordination of movements.

The main symptoms of any tachycardia are interruptions, “failures” in the work of the heart, dizziness, darkening in the eyes, periodic loss of spatial orientation.

Pain in the chest area is possible, and the main symptom is a high heart rate. Even at rest, it is accelerated for five or more minutes, does not slow down on its own.

The main signs of tachycardia include irregularity in the work of the heart. This entails an increase in heart rate. In violation of the heart rhythm, an increase in the pulse is noted for a period of more than 5-6 minutes, even when a person is resting. Other symptoms of an unpleasant (and sometimes dangerous) situation include the following:

  1. Dyspnea.
  2. Dizziness.
  3. Shaky gait.
  4. Darkening in the eyes.
  5. Half-fainting state.
  6. Soreness in the sternum.
  7. Disruptions in the work of the heart muscle (myocardium).

Heart palpitations are not clearly defined. We can talk about this when the patient’s heart beats very hard, the beat frequency increases, or when the heart rate is normal, but the patient considers it excessive and uncomfortable.

Typically, the heart beats at a speed of 60-100 beats per minute, but in people who have consumed alcohol, this figure may increase. This condition is referred to in medical practice as tachycardia. Most often, sinus tachycardia occurs after alcohol abuse. In addition to heart palpitations, the patient may complain of headache, weakness, excessive sweating, dizziness, decreased attention span, and a “lump in the throat” sensation. This condition does not pose a threat to life, if it is really about tachycardia.

It is important to remember that heart palpitations after alcohol can also indicate more dangerous ailments, such as hypertension, pre-infarction, supraventricular tachyarrhythmia, etc. Therefore, just in case, go through a diagnosis of your health.

Treatment of alcoholic tachycardia

If the diagnosis is made, it is necessary to observe the diet and follow all prescribed procedures. But what to do if you want to drink or have alcohol-based drugs:

  1. The dose of alcoholic beverages, including medication, is discussed with the doctor.
  2. One cocktail containing no more than 10 mg of alcohol is drunk on a full stomach, in a state of complete rest.

The measures are simple but effective. In the case when tachycardia takes especially strong forms, it is necessary to abandon ethanol in full. This is especially true for patients in whom the pulse is frequent from physical activity.

You should not risk your heart for a glass of wine or a beer – in many countries, alcohol dependence is accepted as a negative factor in a heart transplant, Russia is no exception. Therefore, having “worn out” one, the patient will not receive another heart, and this is an occasion to start treatment as soon as possible and to be more attentive to his health.

Natural remediesHuman benefits
Motherwort tinctureHelps calm the nerves, normalize the pulse, gives a good night’s sleep
Herbal DosageReduce elevated blood pressure, help remove signs of tachycardia
Peppermint and Melissa TeaIt has a sedative effect on the central nervous system, is useful for anemia

When a heart palpitations occurs when drinking alcohol or with a hangover syndrome, the patient can independently take potassium chloride, which is used for atrial fibrillation, paroxysmal tachycardia. This product is available in the form of a powder that dissolves well in boiled water.

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What can not be done?

Unpredictable and severe consequences can be for the body as a whole.

Among the prohibited actions that are aimed at stopping the attack, there are several recommendations:

  • The drug “Anaprilin” can not be taken in parallel with alcoholic beverages. There is a high risk of side symptoms. Perhaps a sharp reddening of the face, the appearance of dizziness and hallucinations, rapid heartbeat.
  • It is not recommended to take a medicine called “Afobazole” and its analogues. If any alcoholic beverages interacted with the medicine, dangerous health effects cannot be avoided.
  • It is forbidden to bathe in a bath or sauna, to sunbathe under the scorching sun and in a solarium. With large temperature drops, blood pressure rises, heart rate and pulse increase.
  • After drinking, you can not physically overload and play sports intensely. Sports in this case are more frequent tachycardic attacks.
  • Drink energy drinks for alcoholism. The power engineer speeds up the heartbeat, negatively affects the heart, slowing down and slowing down its work.
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Possible complications

Against the background of alcohol consumption, the manifestations of acute tachycardia are always aggravated, which acts as the main predicted complication if a person cannot refuse alcohol.

Tachycardia, however, is rarely an independent disease, much more often accompanying more dangerous heart pathologies as a symptom. One of these diseases is alcoholic cardiomyopathy, which acts as a complication from prolonged systematic intake of alcohol.

Alcoholic cardiomyopathy leads to a restructuring of the heart tissue. Due to such changes, the heart muscle loses the ability to fully contract, which is why it is no longer able to provide adequate blood flow throughout the body.

Patients who note regular attacks of tachycardia while taking alcohol are advised to visit a doctor and undergo a full examination.

Cardiomyopathy, which is formed due to alcohol consumption, leads to death in 20% of cases, and the diagnosis of this pathology is greatly complicated by the fact that even if the patient comes to the doctor, he does not recognize the use of alcohol.

Symptoms of pathology may initially appear mainly in the morning, after a hangover, but over time their regularity will increase. Tachycardia attacks will be longer and more severe, tormenting the patient even at night.

Other signs of alcoholic cardiomyopathy include:

  • unexplained and unreasonable headache attacks;
  • attacks of shortness of breath, in some cases quite severe;
  • darkening in the eyes, and sometimes episodes of loss of consciousness.

In this case, the patient will complain to the doctor that he feels the acceleration of the heart rhythm.

A severe attack of tachycardia in some cases can be accompanied by a panic attack, especially if there is not only a heartbeat, but also pain behind the sternum.

Prevention

Persons with disorders in the cardiovascular system, alcohol is contraindicated in any form. Refusal from alcohol-containing products, physiotherapy exercises and vitamin therapy with an emphasis on potassium and magnesium preparations will help strengthen the heart, but the doctor should choose the full list of therapeutic and preventive measures based on the clinical picture.

The risk group includes people with excess weight, a hereditary predisposition to heart disease and the elderly. Drinking strong alcoholic beverages is always dangerous for them, so those who care about their heart should limit their intake of alcohol.

If it is impossible to completely abandon alcohol, you should prepare in advance for the party: drink activated charcoal, eat tight, drink freshly squeezed juices throughout the day. People with heart conditions should definitely not drink hard liquor. The maximum allowable dosage is half a glass of red wine. It is advisable not to consume carbonated and sweet alcoholic beverages, which increase the absorption of ethyl and cause rapid intoxication.

To avoid the development of an unpleasant situation and a dangerous increase in heart rate during a drink, you just need to know some tips. These recommendations will be an excellent prevention of the emergence of dangerous conditions associated with the work of the myocardium. Observe the following tips:

  1. Drinking alcohol is necessary in a state of relaxation. You should not take a glass if there is physical or mental fatigue. Exhaustion of the body is a direct way to increase the load on the heart muscle.
  2. Do not drink on an empty stomach. Before you take a sip of alcohol, you must have a hearty lunch. This will significantly reduce the degree of intoxication and will not allow ethanol to perniciously affect the work of the heart.
  3. Do not try to drink fast. It would be better if the body smoothly accepts the effect of intoxication and was able to fully and adequately respond to the intake of ethanol. It is possible to withstand the growing load with minimal losses.
  4. As soon as there is a feeling of some discomfort, alcohol should be stopped to consume further.

It should be remembered that it is better for people suffering from hypertension to generally refrain from drinking alcohol (even low alcohol). If this is practically impossible and you really want to take part in the general holiday, it is better to drink alcohol very slowly and in small doses.

It should be remembered that self-medication in this case is categorically unacceptable. This is especially true for the unauthorized use of drugs with antihypertensive and antiarrhythmic effects after drinking. The stabilization of negative changes in the body, and especially in the work of the heart, should be trusted only by a medical specialist. Do not forget that your own life is at stake.

If a person has already been diagnosed with a heart disease, then the best prevention for him will be a complete rejection of alcohol in any form and in any quantities.

If a complete rejection of alcohol for any reason is not possible, then you need to remember the rules about snacking, eating before drinking alcohol and a stable emotional state.

If heart disease has not yet been diagnosed, and tachycardia attacks while taking alcohol are noteworthy, then the patient is recommended to visit a specialist and undergo a full examination. Thus, it will be possible to diagnose the disease early and begin treatment.

The patient should remember that alcoholic cardiomyopathy is a disease that progresses very quickly. Even if you take up treatment in a timely manner, it is unlikely that you can fully restore the function of the heart.

It is completely worth giving up alcohol in the following cases:

  • if the patient suffers from attacks of arterial hypertension;
  • if you recently had to endure heavy physical exertion;
  • under stress;
  • with infectious or viral pathology.

Reducing the dose of alcohol consumed slows down the development of the disease, but does not completely exclude it. Reliable disease prevention lies in the complete rejection of alcohol products, and nothing else.

People suffering from cardiovascular diseases are strictly contraindicated in the use of any alcohol. Even a small dose of alcohol can cause pathological reactions. If a person cannot completely stop drinking alcohol, he needs to follow at least preventive measures.

In such patients, fainting, dizziness, darkening in the eyes, and periodic loss of orientation can often occur. Even with a slight deterioration in health, it is necessary to undergo an examination in the clinic. If a person has discovered the appearance of a rapid heartbeat after taking alcohol, a medical examination is necessary for him.

Patients with high blood pressure are more likely than others to get a strong heartbeat after drinking alcohol. People suffering from hypertension should take medications prescribed by their doctor and consult a doctor whether these medications are compatible with alcohol.

You can not take alcoholic beverages after exercise, during stress, with viral diseases and fever. If you follow the recommendations and drink in moderation, the manifestations of cardiac pathology can only be slightly slowed down, but it is impossible to completely avoid them. Even a small dose of alcohol does not allow the heart to work in the correct mode and be healthy. The negative effect of alcohol on the heart can be prevented only by completely refusing to drink any alcohol.

ATTENTION! The information published in the article is for informational purposes only and is not an instruction for use. Be sure to consult your doctor!

Passion for alcohol killed hundreds of human lives. Artists who died from alcoholism are vivid confirmation of this.

Children’s alcoholism is one of the most acute problems in the vastness of our country. Acquaintance with strong drinks very often begins in early adolescence, in most cases this happens in the company of peers, but it can also happen in the family.

Why don’t you remember anything after drinking. This question people often ask themselves after an active feast. The question often sounds ironic, but in fact there is little funny.

Svetlana Borszavich

General practitioner, cardiologist, with active work in therapy, gastroenterology, cardiology, rheumatology, immunology with allergology.
Fluent in general clinical methods for the diagnosis and treatment of heart disease, as well as electrocardiography, echocardiography, monitoring of cholera on an ECG and daily monitoring of blood pressure.
The treatment complex developed by the author significantly helps with cerebrovascular injuries and metabolic disorders in the brain and vascular diseases: hypertension and complications caused by diabetes.
The author is a member of the European Society of Therapists, a regular participant in scientific conferences and congresses in the field of cardiology and general medicine. She has repeatedly participated in a research program at a private university in Japan in the field of reconstructive medicine.

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