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Cardiovascular disease is a group of diseases of the heart and blood vessels, which includes:

coronary heart disease – a disease of blood vessels supplying blood to the heart muscle;

cerebrovascular disease – a disease of blood vessels supplying blood to the brain;

peripheral artery disease – a disease of blood vessels supplying blood to the arms and legs;

rheumatic heart disease – damage to the heart muscle and heart valves as a result of a rheumatic attack caused by streptococcal bacteria;

congenital heart disease – deformations of the heart structure existing since birth;

deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism – the formation of blood clots in the leg veins that can move and move to the heart and lungs.

Heart attacks and strokes are usually acute diseases and occur mainly as a result of clogging of blood vessels, which interferes with the flow of blood to the heart or brain. The most common reason for this is the formation of fat deposits on the inner walls of blood vessels that supply blood to the heart or brain. Bleeding from a blood vessel in the brain or blood clots can also cause a stroke. Myocardial infarction and stroke are usually caused by a combination of risk factors such as tobacco use, unhealthy diets and obesity, lack of physical activity and harmful use of alcohol, high blood pressure, diabetes and hyperlipidemia.