High blood pressure is a problem that affects thousands of people every year, mainly in old age. Symptoms and treatment of grade 3 hypertension are familiar to almost all people aged 60 years. First of all, hypertension occurs due to constant stressful situations, as well as great physical exertion. The optimal indicator of blood pressure is 120-130 / 80-90 mm. Hg. Art., but with impaired body functions, this indicator can significantly increase, leading not only to a deterioration in the condition, but even to a fatal outcome.
Hypertension can be 1, 2 and 3 degrees. Grade 3 disease is characteristic of people over 50 years old. Most often, such a disease is diagnosed in women. It can provoke an increase in pressure by 30%, which in some cases leads to death. It is worth noting that it is with this diagnosis that patients are more likely to develop heart attack, stroke and other diseases, which often result in death. To prevent the most unpleasant consequences, it is necessary to quickly go into serious measures, and carry out the necessary therapy to restore and improve the state of pressure.
Symptoms of manifestation of hypertension 3 degrees
Hypertension of the 3rd degree can manifest itself in different ways, the features of the course of the disease will depend on the individual characteristics of the sick person. Symptoms of grade 3 hypertension very often occur in the form of hypertensive crises, they are observed at the most severe stage 3 of the disease. During such attacks, a person feels a sharp pain in the region of the heart, frequent dizziness, loss of consciousness and other symptoms. Additional symptoms that confirm the development of the disease are:
Redness of the skin of the face. General weakness of the body. Drowsiness. Pain in the heart. Feeling of severe chills. Hunk of the whole body. Loss of sensation in the limbs.
Hypertension 3 degrees 4 risk is characterized by a probability of deterioration by 30%. 4 degree of risk is considered the most dangerous, it is during this period that heart damage increases, the state of the body changes dramatically, more noticeable negative manifestations and pain symptoms become. Hypertension of the 3rd stage 4 risk leads to almost 100% development of stroke, myocardial infarction and death. If the necessary and effective therapy is not carried out in time, there is a great threat to the patient’s health.
Causes of the appearance of hypertension of the 3st degree
Despite the fact that hypertension is characteristic of people in old age, the age indicator is not the only cause of the onset of the disease. Often, hypertension can occur at a young age, and the causes of this ailment are completely different. Most often, the cause of the onset of the disease at a young age can be other diseases that gave serious complications to the body and provoked such sharp pressure drops.
Age-related changes should also not be excluded from this list. With age, there is a gradual change in arteries and blood vessels throughout the body. As a result, the amount of blood decreases, blood circulation worsens, and work in important organs such as the heart and kidneys is impaired. Various factors directly affect the level of heart pressure.
Treatment of grade 3 hypertension
Grade 3 disease is characterized by a significant increase in pressure. The level of blood pressure almost reaches the level of critical readings, but still is not fatal. In the case of a sharp increase in pressure, you should definitely seek medical help from a doctor who will examine the patient and prescribe medication taking into account all individual characteristics.
The third stage of the disease can very often result in stroke, heart attack, renal failure, personality disorders, stratification of the aortic aneurysm, heart failure and others. In order not to provoke such unpleasant consequences, treatment should occur immediately. Symptoms and treatment of grade 3 hypertension risk 4 are almost the same for all patients, only in some cases the doctor draws attention to individual characteristics, as well as intolerance to certain drugs.
Several doctors are involved in the treatment of patients with hypertension, because the help of such specialists will be needed here:
Therapist. Neurologist. Cardiologist. Optometrist and others.
Treatment may consist in the appointment of medications of different directions, most often among the medicines are:
ACE inhibitors. Diuretic agents. Vasodilators.
If concomitant diseases are present, then a specialist doctor may prescribe other therapeutic agents in the form of tablets that will be used to treat diseases. For example, if the patient has a number of heart diseases, nitro drugs can be prescribed in the complex. In case of a violation of the cerebral circulation, various vitamins, vascular agents, as well as pills that will improve brain activity are prescribed.
Only a professional specialist after examining the medical history and medical history of the patient will be able to prescribe the necessary complex of drugs that will have a positive effect on the patient. Remember that in severe heart diseases, various alternative methods will be inappropriate, in this case, you need the right medical approach, complexity and regularity.
During treatment, you must follow the correct lifestyle, nutrition and other factors that will help to positively affect the treatment process and not aggravate it. While taking medication, the patient should:
Establish a diet, get rid of harmful products. Refuse alcohol and smoking. To engage in optimal physical activity. Do not undergo constant stressful situations. Lose weight. Establish an 8-hour sleep.
The list of bad habits and the wrong lifestyle can be listed further. The only thing the patient should remember during treatment is that any medications are not compatible with alcohol. If the condition worsens after a certain time of taking the tablets, be sure to contact the specialist from whom you are undergoing treatment.
In most cases, the regimen during treatment will be semi-bed. In this case, the patient does not have to be in the hospital under the supervision of specialists, it will be enough to come to the examination at the appointed time, take a walk in the fresh air, spend more time in activity, and resort to bed rest only during the deterioration of well-being.
In addition to physical activity, it is still very important to follow a diet. The third stage of hypertension requires a restriction in salt intake, its amount is reduced to 5 g per day. It is advisable to eat fresh unsalted foods that will help you recover faster and get on your feet.
Traditional methods of treatment
Symptoms of grade 3 hypertension risk 4 are noticeable and unpleasant, which is why it is very easy to recognize the presence of the disease. After a medical examination, the doctor prescribes a number of drugs that will have a positive effect on the sick person. At the end of treatment, folk remedies can also be prescribed, which in their pure form will be inactive, but at the final stage of treatment they can play a key role. As herbal remedies, various herbal teas, valerian, hawthorn and other drugs are prescribed that will only soothe, and contribute to a quick recovery.
Alternative drugs are not as safe as it might seem at first glance. Many of us do not know that certain drugs can negatively affect the body during the treatment of hypertension. No need to self-medicate and choose your own option for treatment, traditional medicine should also be prescribed by a doctor, and then only if he sees the need for it.
Features of nutrition for hypertension
Treatment of grade 3 hypertension must necessarily be comprehensive, and proper nutrition is an integral part of the treatment. Taking certain medications, you need to follow a balanced diet, which consists in taking the following products:
Vegetables and fruits. Herbal teas. Various cereals. Whole grain products.
It is best to cook these products in steam or in the oven, it is advisable to refuse fried foods that will burden the body. If you like sweets and cannot refuse to take them even during a course of treatment, you can replace them with dried apricots, raisins, prunes and others.
In addition to all this, there should be a complete rejection of pastries, alcohol, strong coffee, salty and spicy dishes. Each attending physician individually discusses all these nutritional aspects with a patient and, if necessary, draws up a detailed diet.
Close attention should be paid to the symptoms and treatment of grade 3 hypertension, and in case of any disturbances in work immediately contact a specialist for help. Treatment must be immediate and comprehensive, observing all the features and rules of treatment. Even the slightest disturbance in the treatment process may not give the desired results.
Grade 3 hypertension is a serious disease in which blood pressure rises, which is accompanied by many other deviations and impaired functions. If frequent headaches, clouding in the eyes, aching bones, and other symptoms are detected, you should immediately undergo a medical examination. Normally, blood pressure is 120-130 / 80-90 mm RT. Art., if this indicator is rapidly increasing in a calm state, then it is time to sound the alarm and turn to specialists for medical help. Only they can take quick action and prevent deterioration.Ask a Question