The heart is the most important human organ, while it works, a person lives. The heart provides blood circulation through the vessels, creates a certain pressure, which is normally 120/80 mm Hg. Art. If the pressure is 160 to 110, this is a sign of hypertension of the 2nd degree, which poses a danger to a person, his health and life. Hypertension is one of the most commonly diagnosed diseases of people on the entire planet. According to statistics, 60-70% of people die due to pressure, and the reason for this is untimely treatment.
Hypertension is a pathology in which pressure rises as a result of failures of certain systems. Pressure 160 to 110 – refers to the 2nd degree of pathology and proceeds in moderate severity. Such an indicator is often diagnosed by doctors, but with a 2 degree systolic value can increase to 179 units. In this case, a person has high pressure for a long time, it becomes more difficult to knock it down and often does not return it to its normal value.
Hypertension easily and quickly flows into different degrees and forms, so the pathology is malignant, fatal cases are not uncommon. At a pressure of 160 to 110 in a person, blood flow increases, the lumen of the vessels narrows.
Often, indicators 160/110 are characteristic of any gender after 40 years. After this age, the body, tissues and organs, including blood vessels, age. All this leads to an increase in the tonometer. Recently, the disease affects all younger people, so hypertension can be diagnosed at a younger age.
Pressure 160/110 mm Hg Art. – indicates abnormal functioning of the heart and blood vessels, while the vessels themselves are in constant spasms. This disrupts the blood flow, blood circulation, leads to undesirable consequences in the form of stroke, heart attack and other complications.
Causes of pressure 160 per 110
There are a lot of reasons for the increased tonometer indicators for grade 2 hypertension. One of them is heredity. Due to this factor, the disease appears in women and men. Also, other factors affect the pathology:
- Constant stressful situations, instability of the emotional state.
- Brain concussion.
- Diseases in a chronic form.
- Atherosclerosis in progressive form.
- Malfunctions of the k />Metabolic disease.
- Lack of activity, sedentary work.
- Failures of the endocrine system.
- Diseases of a viral and infectious nature.
- Hormonal imbalance.
- High blood cholesterol.
- Bad habits, especially alcoholism and smoking.
- An unbalanced diet, a large amount of salt in the diet.
- Sleep disturbance.
- Lack of relaxation.
- A sharp release of adrenaline.
In women, a pressure of 160 to 110 may appear with menopause, since at this time there is a change in hormonal levels. In the male half of the population, pathology appears due to bad habits and abuse of coffee, alcohol, as well as excess weight.
If doctors diagnosed hypertension of the 2nd degree, with a pressure of 160 to 110, then you need to know about the possible consequences of this condition, if nothing is done. Among them are:
- Atherosclerosis and further brain thrombosis.
- Aortic aneurysm.
- Angina pectoris.
With the disease, several major organs begin to suffer and be affected:
An irreversible change occurs in the target organs, they are gradually destroyed, the possibility of normal functioning is lost.
In men with high blood pressure, heart attacks and strokes often appear. Vision disappears or worsens, and problems with potency arise.
In general, the consequences of hypertension for women are the same, but it is important to know that during pregnancy, pressure can increase as a result of a double load on the body and the need for more blood circulation. Pressure 160/110 mm Hg Art. during pregnancy may appear in the last trimester. This condition is very dangerous, not only for the expectant mother, but also for the child.
If before pregnancy the indicators were always normal, then when measuring pressure and high values, you should immediately consult a doctor. Most likely, a pregnant woman is hospitalized. Means that are used to treat hypertension can not be used during pregnancy. Indicators can only be stabilized in a hospital setting and only doctors can determine the treatment regimen. The consequences during pregnancy can be deplorable, the fetus may die, die or congenital malformations.
The main symptom at a pressure of 160 to 110 is a severe headache resulting from spasms of the brain vessels. You can not get rid of it even with the help of tablets, which are used for pain in the head. In addition, other signs are possible, which are characteristic of men and women:
- Noise in ears.
- Intensified sweating.
- Dizziness, especially noticeable when changing the position of the body.
- Redness of the face and neck.
- Visual impairment, loss of sharpness.
- Malfunctions of the heart, a frequent pulse and a strong heartbeat.
- Throbbing sensations in the head, from the back of the head, temples, or crown.
- Numbness of the limbs.
- Obvious weakness and lethargy, which leads to the inability to function normally.
If the pressure of 160 to 110 increases or is peak for certain people, then this is regarded as a hypertensive crisis. In this case, the described symptoms are clearly expressed, the condition sharply and significantly worsens and all this lasts from several minutes to several hours. The patient has a feeling of anxiety, fear of death.
Crisis at a pressure of 160/110 mm RT. Art. can appear quite often, various changes begin:
- Speech disturbance, inability to pronounce words normally.
- Body cramps.
- Sensitivity in arms and legs disappears.
- The consciousness grows turbid.
- There are pains in the chest area.
- Possible loss of consciousness.
The described symptoms are always difficult to tolerate, and it is very difficult to normalize the pressure, especially at home. When a crisis occurs, you must immediately call an ambulance.
What to do at a pressure of 160 to 110
If the tonometer often indicates values of 160 to 110, then only a doctor can tell exact recommendations after conducting certain examinations of the body, establishing the cause of the pressure increase. Diagnosis of grade 2 hypertension includes complex measures, which include hardware and laboratory methods. To do this, they often do:
- Blood test and hormones.
- Analysis of urine.
- Ultrasound of the heart, k >The choice of examination methods is chosen by the doctor after a preliminary examination of the patient and a survey about his symptoms and sensations.
At a pressure of 160/110 mm RT. Art. Without medical treatment, it will not be possible to cope. If you do not take pills, then hypertension will turn into a more severe form, hypertensive crises will become very frequent. The medicines themselves must be taken on an ongoing basis, at the same time, every day. In addition, it is important to monitor nutrition, stress and change your lifestyle.
If you do not approach the treatment comprehensively, then it will not have the proper effect. Medications are prescribed by doctors on an individual basis, depending on the examination data and the patient’s condition. Often with hypertension the following groups of drugs are used:
- Sartans. They allow you to reduce pressure on the pressure for a day after consuming just one tablet.
- Diuretics. Used to provide assistance to the kidneys. They allow the removal of excess fluid, due to which the pressure normalizes.
- Beta blockers. This group of medicines normalizes heart rate.
- Alpha blockers. Used for the possibility of vasodilation.
- Calcium antagonists. Assigned to normalize the work of the heart.
- ACE inhibitors. Pills make it possible to expand arteries, reduce spasms of blood vessels, and also improves cardiac performance.
The right group can only be prescribed by doctors, after diagnosis. Tablets are prescribed in a single case or immediately in the complex. They must be consumed on an ongoing basis, in addition, stress, stress, and less stress should be eliminated. Folk remedies with a pressure of 160 to 110 will not have the desired result, but they can be used as auxiliary methods of treatment.
It is very important to follow proper nutrition during treatment. In fact, a diet for hypertension is one of the main conditions that normalizes the condition of patients. From the menu you will need to remove any products that contain a lot of cholesterol and salt. In other words, fatty, fried, smoked food is removed. It is not recommended to use preservation, baking. You need to add more plant products, replace sugar with honey.
If the pressure of 160 to 110 is stable, the indicator appears very often or is kept at that level, then there will definitely be violations in the body. When conducting a medical examination, it is possible to assign 3 disability groups if internal organs are affected. If disability is assigned, then the patient will need to adhere to a rehabilitation scheme.
It is possible to work with disability, but there are several limitations, contraindications:
- Noise at the place of work.
- Irregular schedule, night shifts.
- Frequent stresses, loads of a different nature.
- Work with increased concentration.
In some cases, it is possible to assign patients 2 disability groups. In this situation, labor is contraindicated, domestic work is allowed.
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