Based on the values of the tonometer when measuring pressure, you can find out about the state of health. If the pressure is 140 to 90, then this refers to deviations, because in healthy people the indicators will be within 120/80 mm Hg. Art. High blood pressure in medical practice is diagnosed as borderline hypertension or arterial hypertension. Patients begin to experience a certain discomfort, which affects the functioning of the cardiovascular system. The disease occurs both in 20 years and in old age, and manifestations will be at any time of the day.
Causes of pressure 140 per 90
It is important to understand the main reasons when the pressure becomes 140 to 90 and occurs quite often. If a person is completely healthy, there are no diseases, then this value can appear after severe stress or emotional shock. In this case, we are not talking about hypertension, normalization occurs quickly.
A similar condition can occur during pregnancy, as well as at any age. The main causes of hypertension with a pressure of 140 to 90 include:
- Excess body weight, because every kilogram of excess weight significantly loads the work of the heart and blood vessels.
- K />Age-related changes, aging of the body and organs. In this case, the vessels lose their elasticity, there is a difficulty in blood flow.
- Constant stress.
- Inflammation in the body.
- The development of diabetes.
- Heart defects and other diseases.
- Inactive life.
As you can see the reasons for the development of pressure within 140 to 90 are many. Additionally, you need to know the main signs that will help identify failures. This makes it possible to timely diagnose the body and begin treatment of hypertension at an early stage.
At the initial stage of hypertension, the pressure is 140/90 mm Hg. Art. arises extremely rarely, but after a while the pathology becomes chronic. In some people, the disease can be without obvious signs, while in others they manifest themselves very strongly. In this case, the general condition worsens significantly, a person may feel sick, other symptoms occur:
- Pain in the head, chest, or heart area.
- There is a fever.
- Noise and stuffy ears appear.
- The face takes on a red tint.
- Shortness of breath begins, especially after a small load.
- The pulse is getting faster.
- Fingers get cold.
- Sensitivity and motor ability are reduced.
- Dizziness and blurred consciousness are possible.
- In the head, a strong pulsation of the vessels is felt.
- Dark spots in the eyes.
In itself, the pressure of 140 to 90 does not pose a great danger, there is no need to call an ambulance. This value can be under heavy load or stress and this is considered the norm in this case. If the indicators stay for a long time, they appear constantly, then the cardiovascular system receives strong loads, after a while malfunctions are possible. In this case, hypertension begins to develop, the pressure will increase over time.
The danger is inattention to one’s own health. If the pressure often rises to 140 by 90 mmHg. Art., it is recommended not to delay a visit to the doctor. After the diagnosis, he can advise on medication or other means for treatment. It is hypertension that provokes diseases of the heart and blood vessels, and the fight is better to begin at the very beginning of the development of pathology.
Without treatment, the consequences may be:
- An increase in heart size.
- Heart or kidney failure.
- Impaired vision.
- Cognitive disruptions.
- A heart attack.
With hypertension in men, impotence often develops, because high pressure negatively affects sexual health.
Pressure 140/90 mm Hg Art. in old age is much more common than in the younger generation. The vessels lose their elasticity, due to which they begin to narrow. Medications can be taken with caution and only under the supervision of doctors.
Pressure 140 to 90 during pregnancy
When during pregnancy there is a pressure jump up to 140/90 mm Hg. Art. The first thing you need to do is immediately consult a doctor for a detailed diagnosis. Such indicators may indicate the occurrence of severe complications.
A slight increase from the norm is permissible at 2-3 trimester as a result of the second round of blood flow. The value of 140/90 is the limit indicator of the norm, but only doctors can establish the exact causes and risks, the danger to the child and the woman.
In some cases, such indicators indicate the development of gestosis or late toxicosis. It begins more often in the middle of 2 trimeters and is manifested by hypertension, swelling of the limbs and face, as well as the presence of protein in the urine. Gestosis is dangerous for the child and pregnant women, because there is a failure of blood circulation in the organs and systems of the woman. All this does not give a normal blood flow to the fetus, there is a lack of oxygen.
If the pressure rises to 140/90 at the 39th week of pregnancy, you need to immediately hospitalize a woman, early childbirth is possible.
What to do at a pressure of 140 to 90
At a pressure of 140/90 mm RT. Art. and poor health, you should first call an ambulance, and before her arrival you need to help the patient as much as possible so that the indicators do not increase. Before the visit, the doctor will need to lie down, and put 2-3 pillows under the head to create a hill. It is forbidden to drink plenty of water and other liquids. If a person’s pressure increased earlier, you can use the drugs that the doctor prescribed in compliance with the dosage.
All tablets used should be washed down with a small amount of water. Validol is allowed under the tongue. Additionally, the room opens windows for ventilation and air intake.
In normal condition, you just need to lie down and take peppermint tea or other remedies with a sedative effect. If jumps occur the first time, then tablets are not necessary to drink, most likely, the values normalize after 1-2 hours.
After normalizing the condition, you need to go through a diagnosis in a medical institution and buy a tonometer to fix the pressure at home. After examinations, doctors can determine the exact causes and prescribe the desired course of therapy.
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Treatment with medicines
Drug treatment consists in the use of hypertensive drugs. They can remove excess fluid from the body, dilate blood vessels, which leads to a decrease in pressure. Medicines for hypertension are divided into 5 main groups:
- Diuretics, they are also duoretics. For treatment, Furosem />ACE inhibitors. Doctors recommend using enalapril or benazepril. This is the main group of drugs for hypertension. They are used in critical cases and for long-term therapy. It is forbidden to use drugs for kidney diseases, allergies and pregnancy.
- Angiotensin antagonists. For hypertension, losartan is used. Contraindications are similar to ACE inhibitors.
- Beta blockers. Among modern means, Betaxolol and Atenolol are distinguished. Tablets do not allow adrenaline to affect the vascular system. This allows you to reduce the pulse, reduces other effects of hormones on the body. This group has many side effects, so only a doctor should prescribe them.
The effectiveness of the treatment of hypertension can be determined if:
- The treatment is well tolerated, there are no negative effects of drugs.
- Indicators of pressure are reduced and return to normal.
As a rule, when using medicines, several drugs are prescribed at once. They have different effects on the body, which means that they affect all the possible causes of jumps.
If pressure surges occur for the first time, then medication can not be used to normalize. You can replace it with traditional medicine. Initially, you can try to make a decoction or infusion of herbs that have a diuretic and sedative effect. For this, it is recommended to use valerian root, mint, hawthorn and other plant components.
Use traditional methods of treatment only after consulting a doctor and passing the diagnosis. Despite the naturalness of the ingredients, they are able to harm the body, and the pressure is 140/90 mm Hg. Art. will not normalize.
To prevent hypertension and increase blood pressure to values of 140 by 90 and above, you need to use a few simple rules:
- Get rid of bad habits. In smokers with hypertension, the possibility of death is doubled. It is allowed to drink alcohol, but in small quantities and it is better to give preference to wine or fresh beer.
- Adjust nutrition. For pressure, the diet plays an important role. It is necessary to reduce the use of salt and salty foods, liquids should be drunk to 1,5 liters. The diet will also be useful for weight loss, sweets, pastries, fatty and fried foods are excluded for this. Teas and coffee are best not to drink strong.
- Exercise. Swimming is ideal, if not possible, then you can just walk or run, do morning exercises.
- Relax. For this, different options are used, it is recommended to start doing yoga.
- Physiotherapy. Sometimes such procedures are very helpful in normalizing pressure.
Using the described tips and prevention, you can forget about hypertension without the use of medications, but if the pressure 140/90 appears from time to time, constantly, then a visit to the doctor is required.
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