The increase in pressure occurs for various reasons. Indicators may vary depending on lifestyle, emotional state, weather conditions and other factors. Often, small changes do not affect the general condition of a person, and may not even be treated, but if the pressure is 130 to 120, then some intervention by doctors is required. Not everyone knows what needs to be done in this case, but it is important for everyone to know why such indicators are dangerous, and how to stop this condition.
Norm or pathology
In an absolutely healthy person, indicators should be within 120/80 mm Hg. Art., but slight deviations to the sick or lesser side are allowed. This is caused by human activity, external factors and some features of the body. In this regard, doctors can not diagnose the causes and accurate diagnoses only by the value of the tonometer. It is necessary to conduct a complete diagnosis of the patient, to find out possible complaints, changes in well-being in different circumstances.
The maximum allowable norm is an indicator of 139/89 mm RT. Art., if the values begin to increase at the upper or lower mark, then this indicates the possibility of the development of hypertension. Confirm the pathology, can an increased heart rate, which will be more than 100 beats / min. This pulsation is characteristic of tachycardia and often appears in people with high blood pressure.
Hypertension is characterized by high pressure, and the values are stable and stay at the same level for a long time if no measures are taken. If a person often has a pressure of 130 to 120, then this clearly indicates a pathology. In this case, the diastolic value is greatly overestimated, with a relatively normal systolic value. With such marks, a person has a malfunction of the internal organs. The heart works in an enhanced mode, blood vessels wear out faster, all this affects the general condition of the body, and can provoke certain complications.
With a high lower rate, which will be more than 110 units, doctors establish a diagnosis of grade 3 hypertension, while the pathology is severe. In this case, the heart and nervous system of patients suffer greatly. In some cases, the pressure rises to 130 to 120 after a heavy load, drinking coffee or alcohol. This fact must be taken into account when measuring indicators.
Causes of pressure 130 per 120
The reasons why the pressure begins to rise to 130/120 mm RT. Art. quite a lot and it is not always possible to easily determine them. To do this, you need to conduct a thorough examination of the whole body, take blood and urine tests.
The main reasons for the jumps that doctors emit are as follows:
- The development of hypertension in primary form.
- Atherosclerotic disease.
- Disorders of the kidneys and adrenal glands.
- A heart attack that was previously.
- Pathology of the heart.
- Genetic predisposition.
Often a pressure of 130 to 120 is characteristic for abnormal heart function. Various factors are becoming provocateurs of diseases, which are combined into a common cause – an incorrect lifestyle.
- Eating just before bedtime, overeating during the day.
- Obesity, and as practice shows, each extra kilogram above the norm adds 2 mm Hg. Art. to total pressure.
- The predominance of fats and carbohydrates in the diet.
- Abuse of salt and salty foods.
- Lack of activity, typical for office workers, drivers.
- Bad habits, abuse of coffee, alcohol.
- Regular emotional upheaval, stress.
In some people, the reason for the increase in pressure may be hidden in the use of medicines that are used to treat various diseases. The increase in pressure is a simple side effect and after the drug is discontinued, everything normalizes. If treatment has just begun, it may make sense to replace the drugs with others that do not provoke pressure surges.
At a pressure of 130 to 120 in patients, changes in the vascular system begin. If you do not carry out any therapy, then in the future hypertension will develop. Pressure gradually begins to increase, hypertensive crises appear.
Increased diastolic pressure up to 120 units has a certain symptomatology, but it is not always possible to notice it. Signs of hypertension in this case are weakly expressed. In different people, they manifest themselves in different ways, a lot depends on the reasons and other factors.
Often at a pressure of 130 to 120, the following symptoms appear:
- Severe headache in the parietal, occipital or temporal region, the nature of the symptom is pulsating.
- Dizziness, can cause fainting and blurred consciousness.
- Nausea and vomiting, after which a temporary improvement appears.
- Failures of heart work, frequent pulse.
- Strong perspiration.
- Visual impairment, there is a darkening in the eyes, goosebumps, sharpness disappears.
- Bleeding from the nose.
In the case of a constant increase in pressure to 130/120 mm RT. Art. and shortness of breath, it is most likely that there is hypertension, but it is only beginning to develop and the condition can be normalized. Shortness of breath appears more often after exertion, but if hypertension is triggered, it will remain even at rest.
High blood pressure leads to various disorders, including sleep disturbance. Patients cannot fall asleep normally, so in the morning there is fatigue, weakness in the body. In some cases, diastolic high blood pressure leads to pain in the heart and chest area. In a neglected form, limbs begin to swell, a loss of their sensitivity is possible.
What to do at a pressure of 130 to 120
The increase in pressure is associated with increased blood pressure in the arteries. If at indicators 130/120 mm RT. Art. If you do not provide timely therapy, then after a certain time health problems appear, and hypertension itself becomes a more advanced form. First of all, the kidneys and heart are affected. In the case of measuring pressure and high lower pressure without realizing the cause, immediate action is required.
In general, with such pressure, there is no need to call an ambulance, you must go to the doctor yourself to conduct an examination and determine the causes of the pressure increase. This will make it possible to avoid sharp jumps in the future, and also eliminates the possibility of a hypertensive crisis.
With a tendency to hypertension, if there is a hereditary predisposition, you will need to use several simple rules that can protect against attacks of hypertension and negative changes in the vessels:
- Lead the right way of life.
- Engage in physical activity, sports, swimming is ideal, if not possible, then just a walk for half an hour before bedtime or exercise every morning.
- Exclude from the menu dishes in which there is a lot of salt and spices.
- Refuse the use of harmful products, such as smoked meats, fatty and fried foods.
- Refuse addictions that negatively affect the heart and blood vessels.
As for medical treatment, only a doctor should prescribe it, proceeding from the condition, the reasons for the increase in pressure and the main symptoms.
Most often, medicines are used that can normalize the pressure, and they belong to different groups:
- ACE inhibitors.
- Calcium antagonists.
- Angiotensin-2 Antagonists.
If the doctor diagnoses hypertension at a pressure of 130/120 mm RT. Art., then the medicine will need to be consumed constantly, daily at the same time. At the same time, it is important to measure indicators 2-3 times a day. In the event of a sharp abandonment of drugs, negative consequences are possible, as well as sudden surges in pressure. Sedatives may be added to the course of treatment if growth is caused by stress or statins.
With a high diastolic rate as a result of kidney disease, doctors recommend taking more steroids and antibiotics. This allows you to get rid of swelling of the limbs and other parts of the body. For better treatment, if the patient’s condition is poor, the doctor can conduct inpatient therapy.
At the very beginning of the development of hypertension, doctors prescribe not medical treatment, but traditional medicine, these include various infusions and decoctions of herbs and other plant substances with a hypotensive effect. Very effective for hypertension, valerian root and motherwort. This composition relieves fatigue, tension and has a positive effect on the endocrine system.
With hypertension, you can use decoctions based on:
They can be drunk at a pressure of 130/120 mm Hg. Art., if the problem is caused by kidney disease. Before using any folk remedies, you will need to discuss their reception with a doctor.
If after the examination the doctor establishes a diagnosis of persistent primary hypertension, then you need to use pills throughout your life, because hypertension is not completely treated. Following all the doctor’s advice, using prophylactic measures and correct treatment, prognoses for hypertension with a pressure of 130/120 mm Hg. Art. favorable.
Doctors advise regular screening to determine possible abnormalities. In addition, with hypertension you need to travel 1-2 times a year to sanatoriums and resorts. For this, rest on the sea or in the mountains is suitable.
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