Pressure is an important value that indicates the state of health, in particular of the heart and blood vessels. The norm is an indicator of 120/80 mm RT. Art., but slight deviations are possible. A pressure of 130 to 110 indicates certain deviations, since both indicators are increased, but the systolic value is not increased much, while the diastolic value should be 60-90 mmHg. Art.
High diastolic pressure indicates a malfunction in the heart or serious illness. In addition, this condition causes a heavy load on the heart. At marks 130/110 mm RT. Art. Doctors diagnose isolated diastolic hypertension.
The increased diastolic value in medicine is divided into 3 main degrees:
- At the first degree in patients, the values will not exceed 99 mm Hg. Art., range from 90-99. For older people, such pressure is considered the norm as a result of natural aging and vascular wear, but for young people it is a reason for the development of arterial hypertension.
- At 2 degrees, there will always be a mark of 100-109 mm RT. Art.
- 3 degree of pathology is characterized by a mark of 110 or more.
If the diastolic value rises to 85 mm Hg. Art., then doctors regard this as prehypertension. Patients need to undergo a diagnosis and follow the doctor’s recommendations. The most common cause is atherosclerotic disease.
Secondary hypertension can occur as a result of diseases of the internal organs and their dysfunction.
Depending on the pressure indicators, 3 stages are distinguished:
- Light form – diastolic indicator is not higher than 114 mm RT. Art. The heart and other organs do not suffer.
- Severe form – the lower value grows to 124 mm RT. Art. Often exposed to the nervous system and eyes, rarely the heart.
- Very severe form – lower value up to 130 mm Hg. Art., while the upper pressure can be 200 or higher. The heart and kidneys are suffering.
For proper pressure measurement, you must follow some rules:
- Measurements are always made in a sitting or lying position, in a calm state.
- The hand should lie flat, free.
- Annoying factors are excluded.
- A high-quality, working tonometer is used.
- The bottom of the cuff should be a couple of centimeters above the bend of the elbow.
- Air swings at 20 mmHg. Art. higher than, the value at which the ripple disappears.
After pumping the air, you must start to lower it and follow the tremors. They indicate pressure. The upper one is determined during the first push, and thanks to the latter, the lower one is determined.
It is forbidden to take measurements after active loads or running. In addition, the pressure of 130 to 110 may be, if measurements are taken immediately after consumption of coffee, cigarettes or alcohol. For accuracy, you can re-measure after about 5-10 minutes.
Causes of pressure 130 per 110
The causes of diastolic pressure are 110 mm Hg. Art. different and among them are the following:
- The appearance of hypertension in the initial (primary) form.
- Diseases of the kidneys, adrenal glands.
- Disorders of the thyroid gland.
- Earlier heart attack.
- Heart diseases.
Most often, pressure 130 to 110 appears as a result of impaired cardiac function.
The causes of heart problems, both in the male half of the population and in the female, are hidden in a lifestyle that is not considered correct:
- Food before bedtime.
- Overeating, resulting in overweight.
- Frequent intake of fats, carbohydrates and salt.
- Sedentary lifestyle.
- Bad habits.
- Regular stress.
- Strong physical, emotional stress.
Almost always, people who smoke have hypertension, because tobacco smoke is poison for the body, especially for the heart and blood vessels. In some cases, medications can be the cause of pressure surges, which are used to treat a particular disease. This manifestation refers to the side effects of the drug and after refusing to take them, the condition normalizes.
With high lower pressure, the symptoms will not always be, or rather it is difficult to determine, since it does not manifest itself explicitly. In addition, symptoms may vary depending on the reasons for the growth of indicators.
Most often, seizures can be recognized by the following symptoms:
- Heart rhythm malfunctions.
- Increased ripple.
- Increased sweating
- Visual impairment, loss of sharpness, the appearance of “goose bumps” in the eyes.
With a constant pressure of 130 to 110, as well as shortness of breath – this often indicates the development of hypertension. At the very beginning of the development of pathology, shortness of breath will be only after exertion, but later it appears even in a calm state. With headaches, localization occurs in the occipital region, at this time there may be tinnitus, nausea, and after vomiting it becomes easier.
Patients are disturbed by sleep, they fall asleep badly. If the problem is caused by pathologies of the heart, then the patient has pain in the chest area, often similar to angina pectoris. In advanced forms, puffiness appears, limbs go numb.
If not treated at a constant pressure of 130/110 mm Hg. Art., serious consequences and complications are possible. Against the background of such a problem, hypertension develops, passes into a more severe form, when the pressure indicators increase significantly, hypertensive crises occur.
Complications also include:
- A heart attack.
- Pulmonary edema.
Most often, crises appear, but at a pressure of 130/110 mm Hg. Art. it’s almost impossible. A crisis will occur if the systolic and diastolic value becomes extremely high, when the organs cannot function normally and there are constant malfunctions in their work. There is no specific value for the crisis, each person has their own, therefore, exclude the appearance at 130/110 mm Hg. Art. not necessary.
With constantly high pressure, regardless of the lower or upper value, a medical examination is necessary.
The essence of this procedure is the frequent measurement of pressure, questioning the patient, percussion, as well as laboratory diagnostic methods:
- Blood and urine tests.
In the case of normal heart function, secondary hypertension is possible. Additional examinations of different organs will be required. At the initial visit to the doctor, the doctor measures the indicators on two hands 2 times, with an interval of up to 2 minutes. If the data is different, the average is displayed.
What to do at a pressure of 130 to 110
For treatment, doctors can prescribe medication and non-medication. Treatment is determined individually, only by doctors. It is forbidden to choose a method of therapy on your own, especially with regard to medicines.
To normalize the lower pressure, as well as the upper indicators, doctors often use such drugs:
- AFP inhibitors – Captopril, Ekalapril.
- Beta-blockers – Atenolol, Bisoprolol.
- Diuretics – Indapamide, Hypothiazide.
- Calcium Antagonists – Verapamil, Nifedipine.
- Angiotensin-2 Antagonists – Losartan.
If a patient is diagnosed with hypertension, then medications should be drunk on an ongoing basis, every day, additionally take pressure measurements. With a quick rejection of drugs, unpleasant consequences are possible. In addition, statins, sedatives can be added to the course of therapy.
In case of high diastolic pressure due to renal pathologies, doctors add antibiotics and steroids to the course, tablets that remove swelling. In certain cases, the patient is hospitalized for a stronger and more effective treatment.
When a diagnosis is established – persistent primary hypertension, people will need to take medications for life, since it is impossible to cure the disease completely. If you follow all the recommendations of a doctor, then the prognosis will be favorable.
After diagnosis, doctors try to pressure 130 to 110 doctors try not to use traditional medicines for treatment. It is recommended to use other methods to normalize the condition. If within 3-4 months there is no result, then you will need to take medication.
With an increase in performance as a result of stress or alcohol, you just need to change your lifestyle, and sometimes your job.
Common tips for normalizing include:
- Refusal of addictions.
- Weight adjustment.
- Increased activity for people with a sedentary lifestyle.
- Nutrition and dietary adjustment.
- Early dream
- Relieve stress.
It is forbidden to exert much effort, if the work is very long, you need to pause, rest or just change activities. Work at the computer affects the heart and nervous system, so it is better to charge for the eyes, body, and if possible sleep 20-30 minutes in the afternoon.
At a pressure of 130/110 mm RT. Art. You can use traditional medicine. Take various decoctions and infusions based on plant components (motherwort, rosehip, hawthorn and others). You can drink pomegranate or beetroot juice. Specific recipes are best discussed with your healthcare provider.
Doctors recommend with hypertension 1-2 times a year to visit resorts where there will be water treatments. It is necessary to add to the diet more seafood, plant foods, skim milk products, nuts. Be sure to reduce salt intake to 4-5 grams per day.Ask a Question