In a completely healthy person, the pressure is normally 120/80 mm Hg. Art., but such an indicator may not always be. In case of deviation from the norm in a smaller direction, the problem is called hypotension, in the larger – hypertension. What to do if the pressure is 110 to 90, which drugs to take and why the condition is dangerous is described in the article.
What do 110 to 90 mean
After measuring pressure, indicators indicate different phases of the heart:
- The upper value, it is 110 – systolic pressure, speaks of the force at which the heart pushes blood through the arteries.
- Lower pressure, it is also 90 – diastolic pressure, indicating the tone of the heart muscles in relaxed moments.
If we take the value of the norm, then there are permissible deviations that will be in the range of 91-139 to 61-89 mm RT. Art. As soon as the excess of the indicated norms begins, then the doctors diagnose this as hypertension, if the values are in the range of 140-180 / 110 or more or hypotension, with a value below 100/60.
A score of 110 to 90 indicates diastolic hypertension in the earliest and mild stages. It can be affected by external factors, for example, experiencing stress, as well as malnutrition, lifestyle. With constant fixing of values of 110 to 90, you will need to go to the doctor for an examination to conduct a complete diagnosis, determine the causes and prescribe the correct treatment.
Some doctors believe that an increase in the lower indicator is often underestimated, so it is important to consider a disease such as diastolic hypertension. Especially when the indicator 110 to 90 is always accompanied by a headache and other symptoms of hypertension. All this is negatively reflected in the quality of life.
Causes of pressure 110 per 90
Considering the pressure of 110 to 90, it is important to consider the systolic value, because it is below normal. When a person’s indicator is constantly kept at such a mark, then this is mild diastolic hypertension. If the value drops sharply from time to time, and the lower one grows, then the cause may be incorrect functioning of the nervous system.
People involved in professional sports very often face a pressure of 110 to 90. This condition does not apply to diseases, it is more common after hard training. The value does not last very long and after rest is normalized.
The cause may be alcohol, it causes short-term malfunctions. A similar condition appears during a hangover syndrome, because the body tries to remove alcohol from the blood, is intoxicated. Immediately after drinking alcohol, the value grows, but as the product is released, the indicator decreases. If a person consumes a lot of alcohol, then 110 to 90 is a sign of a hangover. If after alcohol the indicators are 110/100, this is a dangerous value, which requires hospitalization.
There are other possible reasons:
- K />Failures of the endocrine system.
- Impaired adrenal function.
- Emotional and mental stress.
- Failures of a neurological nature.
- Disorders of the heart.
- Excessive body weight of patients.
If a person has problems with the kidneys, then the liquid is not capable of being excreted normally and is retained in the body. With swelling, jumps in indicators appear. In general, doctors believe that an increase in lower pressure is a kidney problem, and upper – the work of the heart.
With impaired functions of the adrenal gland or thyroid gland, patients also have hypertension. For proper diagnosis, it is necessary to use an ultrasound of these organs, which allows to exclude or confirm neoplasms.
If there is atherosclerosis, then initially the exclusively lower indicator increases, as soon as the disease develops, the form of hypertension changes, the upper values change.
Disruptions of a neurological nature, which are supplemented by a change in pressure, speak of dystonia. A similar problem is characterized by the disturbed functioning of the nervous system, with exhaustion, hormonal changes and diseases of chronic forms.
With stress, anxiety or fear, the indicators will change for a short period. This also includes ordinary fatigue, agitation. As a rule, a problem occurs in people who work hard or are often nervous, sleep poorly.
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Causes in women
In women, a pressure of 110 to 90 often indicates hormonal disruptions or changes. Short-term changes can be during stress, as well as during menstruation. Other reasons include:
- Hard diets using 1-2 ingredients.
- Pregnancy. In this case, an examination by a doctor is necessary, since gestosis or other deviations, kidney diseases are possible.
Causes in the Elderly
For older people, the pressure is 110/90 mm Hg. Art. may cause the following reasons:
- Improper use of antihypertensive drugs.
- Renal failure.
Treatment can be carried out only after diagnosis by a doctor. You need to understand that at this age, pressure can cause serious consequences, heart failure.
Reasons for Men
According to statistics, in the male half of the population, problems with pressure arise due to physiology. The main reasons are:
- Lack of mobility.
- Frequent drinking.
- Tobacco smoking.
- Pathology of the heart.
- Frequent stress.
In addition to the reasons, it is important to know the main symptoms of the pathology, which will allow you to determine the disease in a timely manner and take the necessary measures.
The main symptom of high diastolic pressure is pain in the head. With such indicators, pain occurs in a circle, has a girdling character, aching, squeezing sensations are possible. Against the background of the problem, the heart rate always increases. In addition, possible other characteristic symptoms:
- The appearance of turbidity, “goose bumps” in the eyes.
With headaches, nausea may occur, which over time is replaced by vomiting. After this, the condition improves in patients, since the lower threshold decreases for a short time, but increases again.
Failures lead to general weakness and loss of strength, throbbing sensations in the auricles are possible. Patients often notice blanching of the skin caused by a lack of oxygen. It simply can not reach the organs and tissues in the proper amount. Often, people develop tachycardia against a background of high lower pressure. It is supplemented by pain in the chest, squeezing character.
If the problem lies in neurological disorders, then bradycardia occurs. The disease appears extremely rarely, but is not excluded. Doctors can accurately determine the causes, describe the characteristics of the symptoms. Self-treatment is prohibited, because you must initially make a comprehensive diagnosis of the body.
What is dangerous pressure 110 to 90
Many doctors with a diagnosed pressure of 110/90 mm RT. Art. attribute indicators to the maximum permissible standards that do not need to be adjusted. But there are some symptoms that require compulsory medical intervention:
- Rapid heart rate of up to 100 beats / min.
- The pain in the head is severe, with a aching character.
- Constant nausea, followed by vomiting.
- Sensation of anxiety.
- Cold sweat.
- Unpleasant sensations in the chest area.
- Irregular, intermittent breathing.
- Dizziness, tinnitus.
- Isolation of blood from the nasal cavity.
The described symptoms can indicate serious violations of the whole body when urgent medical attention is needed.
What to do at a pressure of 110 to 90
First you need to control the emotional state. For first aid, you need to lie down in a comfortable position, and put pillows under the lower back and relax as much as possible. If the heart beats very hard, it is allowed to use up to 30 drops of tincture of valerian root or Corvalol. Additionally, the windows in the room open so that fresh air enters. It is recommended to try to fall asleep, at least for 30 minutes.
If the condition does not improve, then you need to call an ambulance. It is forbidden to use pills yourself, which can normalize the pressure, since they can only do harm. If the condition is rare and occurs after stress, then you need to go through a diagnosis by a neurologist. With constant attacks, consult a cardiologist.
Treatment of pressure 110 to 90 is to adjust the lifestyle. For this it is important:
- Normalize body weight, get rid of extra pounds, if any.
- To organize a normal full rest corresponding to the mode of work.
- Normalize sleep, which will be from 7 hours a day.
- Exercise moderate exercise.
- Control nutrition, remove flour and sweets from the menu, refuse fatty, smoked, reduce salt intake.
- Get rid of addictions.
The appearance of additional symptoms may indicate the development of serious diseases. In this case, you need to cure the main problem, after which the pressure should normalize.
If the pressure is 110/90 mm RT. Art. indicates diastolic hypertension, the pathology should be treated with medication. It is contraindicated to choose drugs on their own and take them, they will not bring benefits, they can provoke a more serious condition.
For the correct selection of the treatment regimen, dosage, you need an appeal to specialists. Among the drugs the following groups are used:
- ACE inhibitors.
- Beta blockers.
- Calcium antagonists.
- Angiotensin antagonists.
Treatment can be carried out and folk remedies. Effective recipes that normalize blood pressure are:
- Vegetable juices. It is good to take a glass of juice every morning on an empty stomach. It is recommended to drink carrot or beet juice, they can be combined. The drink will strengthen the vascular system, the walls of the arteries. For treatment, you can use juices or compotes from blueberries, viburnum or lingonberries.
- Herbal fees. They allow you to remove excess fluid from the body.
- Sedative plants. Such herbs can normalize the emotional state, among the effective herbs used mint or lemon balm.
Even when using natural remedies, traditional medicine recipes, you need to consult a doctor for advice.
If the pressure deviates from normal values on an ongoing basis, even with a value of 110/90 mm RT. Art. need a professional assessment. If any additional symptoms appear, the state of health will improve due to promptness and proper treatment.
Much depends on dietary and lifestyle adjustments. Using simple medical advice, you can normalize the pressure in a short time, and also avoid the severe course of the disease. Without treatment, pressure 110 to 90, which is supplemented by some symptoms, the condition will become worse, and the possible consequences will be a heart attack, kidney or heart failure, as well as problems with the organs of vision.
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