Hypertension breathing exercises

Respiratory gymnastics with hypertension is one of the most common methods of alternative treatment of arterial hypertension and the prevention of sudden increase in pressure. In this case, the patient does not need to take a large number of medications daily, inject intramuscular injections and resort to other therapeutic procedures that do not always bring a positive result. In order to effectively combat the manifestation of hypertension solely by performing special breathing exercises, it is enough to master the healing breathing techniques that strengthen the heart, lungs, blood vessels and saturate brain tissue with an increased concentration of oxygen molecules. The most popular who have proven their usefulness are breathing exercises for hypertension, which are carried out according to the method of Bubnovsky, Strelnikova and Buteyko. We will take a detailed look at all these techniques of alternative therapy of hypertension and the correct implementation of recommendations from leading experts in the field of treatment of diseases of the cardiovascular system by the method of breathing exercises.

There are several complexes of recreational breathing techniques that provide effective treatment of hypertension with breathing exercises, the regular implementation of which lowers blood pressure to indicators that are comfortable for the patient to perform normal activities, and also prevent the possible onset of negative complications such as ischemic brain stroke, as well as myocardial infarction. Performing breathing exercises based on the alternation of inspirations and exhalations, which are performed in compliance with a certain time interval. In some cases, hypertension has to hold your breath, and then gradually exhale the spent oxygen, which has turned into carbon dioxide as a result of metabolism.

Depending on the type of exercise, breathing exercises are performed while lying, sitting or with your knees pressed to your chest. This method of therapy has practically no contraindications, with the exception of the presence of such concomitant ailments in a person with hypertension as exacerbation of bronchial asthma, pulmonary emphysema, and congenital heart defects. In the latter case, holding the breath can violate the stability of the heart rhythm and provoke valve dysfunctions that allow blood to pass through the great vessels. Even if a person suffers for a long period of time from hypertensive crises, regular performance of these exercises minimizes the need for taking a large number of medications.

The famous scientist and pulmonologist Dr. Bubnovsky developed breathing exercises for hypertension, which combine elements of physical education and breathing exercises. The main goal of such a treatment regimen is to use the maximum number of muscle groups and at the same time provide a cardiological load on the heart in order to train it. Breathing gymnastics with hypertension according to Bubnovsky is as follows:

  1. The patient spreads a blanket or any fabric cloak on the floor, and then gets on all fours.
  2. The back muscles relax to the maximum limit and posture deflection is performed, as far as a person using this treatment technique can do.
  3. All emphasis and centralization of body weight is placed on the upper and lower extremities, whose muscle fibers are preserved in tone. The back deflection and the period of its complete relaxation lasts at least 3 minutes.
  4. At the end of the adaptation period, the patient takes a sharp deep breath, holding his breath for 3-4 seconds. After that, a sharp exhalation is performed with simultaneous tension of the back and its rounding in the form of an arc.
  5. For one approach, a person suffering from hypertension should do at least 25-30 repetitions. It is advisable to perform Bubnovsky breathing exercises at a calm pace, observing only the technical side of the exercises. Then really a positive therapeutic effect will be achieved.

As soon as the respiratory part of the training is completed, a person without rest rises to a vertical position and proceeds to the stage of physical activity. The patient takes a wide step with his left foot, bends it halfway and at the same time takes a deep breath. Being in this position, you should hold your breath for 5 seconds, and then exhale sharply so that there is no oxygen left in the lung cavity. A similar exercise is done using the other leg. The optimal number of repetitions is 7-10 times. Daily performance of these actions will take no more than 15-20 minutes of free time.

Therapeutic breathing exercises according to Buteyko

The respiratory gymnastics for hypertension, developed by Buteyko, is performed in a dynamic and calm state of the body and generally consists of 3 main stages. Respiratory gymnastics with Buteyko hypertension and the technique for its implementation are as follows:

The patient gains full chest of air, and then holds his breath for 10-12 seconds. At the end of this time, it is necessary to begin sharp and not deep breaths with the nose, resembling jerks. Accelerated breathing through the nose lasts 1-2 minutes. Then the person makes a smooth and leisurely exhalation, freeing the chest from the accumulated carbon dioxide formed after oxygen metabolism.

  1. Holding your breath while walking.

The essence of this element of respiratory gymnastics is that a person who wants to get rid of hypertension using the Buteyko method moves around the room at a slow pace, and then takes a deep breath and holds his breath. The nose should be closed by hand, the oral cavity is also hermetic due to the tight compression of the cusps of the lips. The patient tries the maximum amount of time without additional air flow, using only those volumes of oxygen that were inhaled for the last time for life. After this, stable breathing is restored, and its delay is repeated after 2-3 minutes. The optimal number of repetitions is 4 times in a row throughout the day.

It is performed exclusively in the sitting position, when the diaphragm of the abdominal cavity is in the most relaxed state. The patient should breathe easily using only the abdominal muscles. The use of shallow breathing in the treatment of hypertension involves minimal chest involvement. Each absorption of the next portion of oxygen passes without the use of a deep breath. One treatment approach lasts 3-4 minutes. Throughout the day, it is recommended to do no more than 3 approaches.

Respiratory gymnastics from Dr. Buteyko has a large number of supporters and is actively used not only for the treatment of hypertension, but also for other pathologies associated with various dysfunctions of the respiratory system, as well as malfunctions of the heart.

Therapeutic respiratory gymnastics according to Strelnikova

Respiratory gymnastics for hypertension according to Strelnikova, developed by a scientist and an experienced doctor in the field of treatment of cardiovascular diseases Strelnikova, involves breathing exercises when the patient is in a standing position. The doctor gave each of the exercises an individual name, which is associated with the specifics of the type of gymnastics performed. To implement this treatment program, you must adhere to the following algorithm of actions:

You need to raise your hands at shoulder level and leave your palms deployed. After each quick and deep breath, the palms clench into fists. The procedure is performed in 3 sets of 4-6 repetitions. After each approach, the patient should pause for 10 seconds. All exhalations should be slow and calm.

The name of this breathing exercise is related to the specifics of its implementation. A man squeezes his hands at his elbows and is fixed by finger bundles to the outer surface of his shoulders. During a deep breath, the shoulder joints are pulled back. The movements give the impression that the patient is trying to straighten his shoulders and keep his posture as even as possible. The exhale is smooth and unhurried. Exercise is performed for 3-5 minutes.

The patient is in an upright position. Hands are completely lowered, and the back is deliberately made rounded, as if a person is suffering from back problems. Having taken a starting position, hypertonic takes a slow and deep breath smoothly smoothing his back into rhythm with the passage of air through the trachea with filling of the lungs. The exhalation should also be slow, and as it outflows, the back becomes round again.

  1. Hug your chest.

The patient is in a sitting or standing position. The principle of this exercise is that the palms of the hands are placed on the surface of the shoulders, and the upper limbs themselves are folded cross on a cross on the front side of the chest. The patient takes a sharp breath, and then holds his breath for 5 seconds and performs the same sharp exhale. To achieve a positive therapeutic effect, it is necessary to do 8-10 approaches with repetitions of 8 times.

The principle of this exercise is that a person turns his head to the right and left side alternately and with each movement makes a sharp, deep and noisy breath through his mouth. The optimal number of approaches is 12 times in 8 repetitions. Between each approach, a rest pause should be within 4 seconds.

Each person who decided to get rid of hypertension with the help of breathing exercises can independently create a set of breathing exercises for hypertension, which will ensure the maintenance of stable blood pressure and will become a method of preventive action on hypertension. A set of breathing exercises can include several exercises from the methods of each doctor, which were described in the sections above. The main thing is that a positive therapeutic effect is achieved from their use, and their use brings exclusively benefits to a patient with hypertension. Reviews on this method of treating hypertension are positive.

Ask a Question
Tatyana Jakowenko

Editor-in-chief of the Detonic online magazine, cardiologist Yakovenko-Plahotnaya Tatyana. Author of more than 950 scientific articles, including in foreign medical journals. He has been working as a cardiologist in a clinical hospital for over 12 years. He owns modern methods of diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases and implements them in his professional activities. For example, it uses methods of resuscitation of the heart, decoding of ECG, functional tests, cyclic ergometry and knows echocardiography very well.

For 10 years, she has been an active participant in numerous medical symposia and workshops for doctors - families, therapists and cardiologists. He has many publications on a healthy lifestyle, diagnosis and treatment of heart and vascular diseases.

He regularly monitors new publications of European and American cardiology journals, writes scientific articles, prepares reports at scientific conferences and participates in European cardiology congresses.