Differences between hypertension and hypertension

High blood pressure is a common 21st century problem that almost every third person in the world faces. Therefore, each person should know the features of the manifestation and treatment of this pathological condition, because untimely diagnosis of the disease can cause the development of dangerous complications. Many people face high blood pressure, but not everyone sees the difference between the concepts of “hypertension” and “hypertension”, taking these two terms for synonyms. And yet there are some differences between hypertension and hypertension.

For most people, these concepts mean the same thing – high blood pressure. They are actually characterized by an increase in blood pressure and manifest the same symptoms, but at the same time they are somewhat different from each other. Their main difference is that one of these phenomena is a disease, and the other is a manifestation of this disease. And in order not to get confused in these diagnoses, it is necessary to understand: is hypertension and hypertension the same thing, or are there differences between them?

The reasons for the increase in blood pressure

First of all, let’s figure out what is still capable of provoking an increase in pressure. Knowing this, you can prevent the appearance of a pathological condition by taking timely preventive measures. The increase in pressure can begin for many reasons, but the following most basic risk factors can be distinguished:

  • malfunction of the endocrine system;
  • high cholesterol;
  • a sharp increase in blood sugar;
  • sedentary lifestyle;
  • bad habits;
  • excessive use of salt and liquid;
  • excess weight;
  • taking certain medications;
  • violation of the hormonal background;
  • problems with the functioning of the central nervous system.

Emotional experiences, stressful situations, as well as physical or mental strain also contribute to increasing blood pressure. An important role is also played by heredity. In order to better understand the differences between hypertension and hypertension, let’s look at the features of the development of these conditions.

Features of the development of arterial hypertension

Before you understand the difference between hypertension and hypertension, you need to understand what each of these states individually represents. Hypertension (AH) is an increased blood pressure in the arteries, the indicators of which are equal to 140/90 mm RT. Art. and more at the time of measuring blood pressure. That is, if after a single measurement an increase in pressure is observed, then this is arterial hypertension. But if high rates are observed for several months, then we can talk about the presence of hypertension. Although hypertension is the most common cause of hypertension, the following pathological conditions can also provoke the development of this phenomenon:

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  • Hypertensive-type VSD;
  • heart defects;
  • intoxication of the body;
  • arteriosclerosis of blood vessels;
  • heart failure;
  • acute renal insufficiency;
  • encephalopathy;
  • genetic abnormalities;
  • head injuries, brain diseases;
  • some diseases of the kidneys, lungs, and heart;
  • hormonal imbalance, taking hormonal contraceptives;
  • pathology of the thyroid gland.

Also, this phenomenon can be observed during pregnancy, in the menopause, due to emotional stress. In all these cases, it is a symptom and needs to find the true cause.

Features of the development of hypertension

Hypertension is a chronic cardiovascular disease characterized by a persistent, prolonged increase in pressure. But during this disease, not only blood pressure rises, but also the general tone, in particular muscle tone. The danger of this pathological condition is that at the first stages of development it is almost asymptomatic, as a result of which a person does not even realize that he has a disease, but is often diagnosed at the last stage of development along with complications.

Symptoms of the disease are for the most part similar to usual overwork, because of which a person is in no hurry to consult a specialist. Pathology is manifested by the following clinical picture:

  • headaches, dizziness;
  • tachycardia;
  • noise in ears;
  • flies before the eyes;
  • increased sweating;
  • redness of the face;
  • shortness of breath;
  • swelling;
  • pain behind the sternum;
  • feeling of anxiety, irritability;
  • numbness of fingers;
  • weakness, general malaise.

But the most important sign of pathology is pressure indicators that exceed 140/90 and continue to hold for a long time. It is recommended to measure the pressure at home using a tonometer for 7-10 days, and if the numbers exceed the norm, then consult a doctor for a thorough examination and prescribe adequate therapy. If you do not start timely treatment, then complications such as heart or kidney failure, stroke, myocardial infarction may occur.

Differences between hypertension and hypertension

In a normal state, blood pressure should be 120/80 mm Hg. Art. But if for some reason there is a significant increase over a long time, then this is reflected in the general condition and indicates arterial hypertension, which is the main symptom of hypertension. That is, we can say that hypertension and hypertension are the same conditions in which there is an increase in blood pressure. But still they are different, and their main difference is that hypertension is an independent disease, and hypertension is a symptom of hypertension or another disease accompanied by high blood pressure. So, we can distinguish the following differences between these states:

  1. Hypertension is a disease, and hypertension is its symptom, which in some cases of the disease may not even manifest itself.
  2. Hypertension develops due to increased vascular tone, and hypertension can occur for various reasons, with many pathological conditions.
  3. Hypertension indicates a malfunction in the body and needs immediate treatment, and hypertension can occur even in a healthy person due to stress, physical or mental overstrain. AH does not need treatment, but it is necessary to detect a disease accompanied by an increase in blood pressure (if any) and treat it.
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Arterial hypertension and arterial hypertension are observed priority in people over the age of 40 years suffering from cardiovascular diseases. But in recent years, many young men and women have suffered from increased pressure. If you notice signs of an increase in blood pressure, and a 140/90 mmHg indicator appears on the tonometer. Art. or higher, then this is arterial hypertension. But sometimes this phenomenon can be single, therefore, for an accurate determination of the pathology, observations should be continued.

If persistent high blood pressure lasts for 10 minutes or more, and a similar phenomenon has become the norm for you, then we can talk about the presence of hypertension or another disease accompanied by this symptom. Therapy of any pathological condition accompanied by hypertension should be started as early as possible in order to prevent the development of serious complications.

How to stabilize the pressure?

There are differences between arterial hypertension and hypertension and treatment may also be slightly different. In order to get rid of hypertension of 1 or 2 degrees, it is not necessary to resort to drug therapy. Often, pressure can be stabilized at the initial stage of the development of hypertension using a special diet and lifestyle changes. In many cases, to cope with an increase in blood pressure, you can adhere to the following recommendations:

  • get rid of excess weight;
  • reduce salt and fluid intake;
  • refuse to drink alcohol, smoke;
  • lead an active lifestyle, engage in moderate physical activity;
  • avoid stressful situations, worries.

To eliminate the symptoms of the disease at an advanced stage, one can not do without the use of drugs that are selected strictly by the attending physician. Hypertension alone does not need treatment, and if it is caused by stress or physical stress, then you need to calm down and relax. After a while, the pressure itself will return to normal. But if hypertension is a symptom of some pathological condition, then therapy is prescribed depending on the pathology and the degree of its neglect, after a thorough medical examination.

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Tatyana Jakowenko

Editor-in-chief of the Detonic online magazine, cardiologist Yakovenko-Plahotnaya Tatyana. Author of more than 950 scientific articles, including in foreign medical journals. He has been working as a cardiologist in a clinical hospital for over 12 years. He owns modern methods of diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases and implements them in his professional activities. For example, it uses methods of resuscitation of the heart, decoding of ECG, functional tests, cyclic ergometry and knows echocardiography very well.

For 10 years, she has been an active participant in numerous medical symposia and workshops for doctors - families, therapists and cardiologists. He has many publications on a healthy lifestyle, diagnosis and treatment of heart and vascular diseases.

He regularly monitors new publications of European and American cardiology journals, writes scientific articles, prepares reports at scientific conferences and participates in European cardiology congresses.