Hypertension is a common disease that is characterized by high blood pressure (BP) and the chronic nature of the course. Today every third person in the world suffers from this ailment. The disease can occur for various reasons, but most often its development provokes malnutrition, a sedentary lifestyle and constant stressful situations. There are several degrees of the disease, but hypertension of the 2nd degree is most often diagnosed. And with such a diagnosis, it is very important to know the menu for a week of diet with grade 2 hypertension. The main symptom of hypertension is pressure indicators, which are 140/90 or more.
You can diagnose this phenomenon yourself, using a special device for measuring blood pressure – a tonometer. And if the pressure is higher than normal, then you need to see a doctor to undergo an examination, determine the cause of the disease and proceed with adequate treatment. An important component of the treatment of arterial hypertension is proper nutrition, which, in combination with drug therapy, will quickly and significantly improve the condition. It has been proven that a balanced diet and moderate exercise can reduce pressure. But to achieve a positive result, you need to adhere to proper nutrition constantly, and not just for one week.
The Importance of Nutrition in Hypertension
Hypertension is an insidious disease, because at the initial stages it is asymptomatic, and develops as a result of such common factors as frequent stress, smoking, excess water in the body. A predisposing factor is also old age, heredity. The progression of the pathological process contributes to the abuse of alcohol, salt and “harmful” food. In the initial stages of development, a person feels weak, nauseous, suffers from frequent headaches and dizziness, sleep disturbances, and also an increased heartbeat. Most people do not pay attention to these symptoms. And even knowing that these phenomena indicate hypertension, few people go to the doctor and begin treatment.
Therefore, the disease often progresses, heart failure occurs, visual acuity decreases, bleeding occurs. Then the diagnosis is “grade 2 hypertension” and the first thing the doctor prescribes is a diet. Many people underestimate the importance of proper nutrition for arterial hypertension and other diseases of the cardiovascular system. And it’s very in vain, since the “right” products will saturate the body with useful substances that will help to cope with the disease. Very important for the body hypertension are magnesium and potassium, which help strengthen the heart, improve blood composition.
At the same time, the exclusion of harmful food products that fill the body with cholesterol and fats will return the vessels elasticity, restore metabolic processes and prevent the formation of plaques. Diet for hypertension of the 2nd degree is aimed at normalizing blood pressure, thereby contributing to a decrease in the manifestations of the disease. In particular, dietary supplementation for arterial hypertension is necessary for overweight patients, as each extra kilogram has an additional load, increasing the pressure by 1 mmHg. A therapeutic diet for grade 2 hypertension is not a temporary measure, but a lifestyle that must be followed throughout life to avoid the development of serious complications.
What products should be discarded?
The diet menu for hypertension is quite diverse, but some familiar foods will still need to be. The first step is to abandon a large amount of sodium, which contributes to the retention of water in the body, thereby increasing the volume of circulating blood. As a result, the already high pressure becomes even greater. Therefore, the main enemy of hypertension should be salt, which in this case is truly a “white death.” But for many people, giving up salt will be shocking news, impossible to execute. The daily salt norm for a healthy person is 10-14 grams, and for hypertensive patients this norm is reduced by 3 times, which for some can be a real torture.
And if in ordinary dishes there will be such a strong restriction, then food that contains a large amount of salt (fast food, sausages, crackers, chips and much more) will have to be forgotten forever. After reading these lines, the question may arise: “And how can you live normally, eating fresh food?” Consumed foods with hypertension do not have to be tasteless. Proper preparation and the addition of various herbs, seasonings without salt, lemon juice, you can give the food a new, interesting taste, no worse than salty foods. Also, during hypertension of any degree, it is necessary to abandon the use of the following products:
- Spices. They contribute to the narrowing of blood vessels, provoking a violation of blood flow, thereby exacerbating the course of the disease.
- Alcoholic drinks. For hypertensive patients, alcohol should become enemy No. 2 after salt, as it increases the load on the heart muscle and leads to spasm of blood vessels.
- Strong tea, coffee, cocoa. It is recommended to replace them with fruit drinks, juices, green tea.
- Sweets. Refusing sweets is as difficult for many people as they are from salt. But if you replace your favorite cakes and pies with cottage cheese casserole, dried fruits, mousses and whole grain breads, then a special lack of “tasty” will not be so noticeable. With the permission of the doctor, in the absence of weight problems, it is allowed to consume no more than 70 grams of sweets per day.
- Smoked and fatty foods: lard, butter, sausages, various smoked meats, as well as oily fish and meat. In some cases, 20 grams of butter per day may be allowed.
- Offal: liver, navels, hearts.
- Spicy and spicy dishes.
- Sauces, marinades, pickles.
Harmful fats that increase blood pressure are also found in cheeses, but may be allowed to use processed cheese 1-2 times a week. In addition to abandoning the above products, you must also forget about such a bad habit as smoking. If you simultaneously suffer from high blood pressure and nicotine addiction, you need to do something about it, since every inhalation of a thought more and more poisons the body, constricts blood vessels, causing hypertension to progress and increasing the likelihood of cancer.
Features of the diet for hypertension 2 degrees
Dietary nutrition for grade 2 hypertension is a balanced full-fledged diet, in which an ideal combination of vitamins, minerals and all necessary substances should be observed. At the same time, there is a decrease in the consumption of salt, sugar, animal fats, easily digestible carbohydrates and various harmful substances. At the initial stage of development of arterial hypertension, there is no need for major changes in the diet. It is enough to limit the use of salt (during cooking, the food does not salt, and sitting down at the table, the patient can salt the food at the rate of 1 dessert spoon per day). Hypertensive patients should adhere to the following nutritional principles:
- you need to eat food often (5-6 times a day), but in small portions;
- dinner should be no later than 1 hour before bedtime and consist of easily digestible products;
- per day should drink no more than 1,5 liters of fluid;
- nutrition should be complete, varied;
- main dishes can be boiled, baked or steamed;
- in the diet for hypertension of 2 degrees, seafood rich in iodine and B vitamins must be present;
- garlic is one of the most important components of the diet for grade 2 hypertension, as it improves the functioning of the cardiovascular system, lowers cholesterol and helps strengthen immunity.
Diet for hypertension should consist of products that lower blood pressure. Plant fiber has such properties, a large amount of which is in cauliflower and bran. It improves the digestive tract and helps to normalize stool, causing a decrease in body weight. Also, with high blood pressure, it is important to saturate the body with protein, potassium and calcium, unsaturated fatty acids of seafood. The diet of a person suffering from grade 2 hypertension must include the following foods:
- lean meat and fish;
- dried bread from a bitch, crackers;
- low fat dairy products;
- vegetable, fruit and milk soups;
- fruits and dried fruits, in particular bananas, avocados, raisins, dried apricots;
- black currant;
- nuts, honey;
- soft-boiled eggs or as an omelet;
- vegetables: cabbage, carrots, beets, tomatoes and others;
- baked potatoes;
- White mushrooms;
- friable cereals: millet, rice, buckwheat, boxes.
In no case should hypertensives starve, as this will adversely affect the state of health. But it is also impossible to overeat, because in hypertensive patients this can lead to obesity. It is necessary to monitor the calorie content of the dishes and the amount of food consumed. Drawing up a diet largely depends not only on the stage and characteristics of the course of the disease, but also on the presence of concomitant pathologies, complications, as well as the age and sex of the patient. So, hypertensive men need more high-calorie and rich food than women.
For them, seafood, eggs, celery, as well as red fish and pomegranate will be very useful. It will be difficult for male representatives in particular to refuse fried meat, which can be compensated by a grill. When preparing a diet for older people, the presence of other diseases should be considered. It is recommended to use dairy products, cereals, vegetable soups. Also, the diet of elderly hypertensive patients must necessarily include steam vegetables, lean fish and meat. Pancakes and pancakes fried in a dry pan are allowed.
Hypertensive weekly menu
Menu for a week diet with hypertension of the 2nd degree can be made independently, taking into account the above recommendations or ask him to write your doctor. In order to make it easier for you, we present one of the options for dietary nutrition for 7 days with grade 2 hypertension.
- non-instant oatmeal with the addition of nuts and dried fruits + broth of wild rose;
- any seasonal fruit;
- vegetarian soup, steam cutlet (meat or fish) + unsweetened compote;
- cottage cheese casserole with herbal tea
- stewed vegetables with fish + homemade jelly.
- low-fat cottage cheese with dried fruits and nuts + compote;
- kefir / unsweetened yogurt + fruits;
- light fish soup with a slice of rye bread;
- homemade fruit jelly;
- seasonal vegetable salad seasoned with vegetable oil + boiled / baked turkey.
- oatmeal on water, without oil and sugar + broth of wild rose;
- a glass of kefir with wheat bran and flaxseeds;
- fish soup + vegetable salad;
- banana and apple;
- vegetable soup + homemade compote.
- a glass of kefir + two baked apples;
- berries / dried fruits (150 grams) + 30 grams of seeds / nuts;
- vinaigrette + meatballs for a couple;
- kefir or unsweetened yogurt + banana;
- pilaf with chicken and without frying, with a light vegetable salad + tea with lemon balm.
- milk rice porr >
- cottage cheese with dried apricots + a cup of herbal tea;
- banana + unsweetened yogurt;
- vegetarian soup + 2 steam cutlets;
- baked apple with compote;
- steamed turkey + fresh vegetables.
- oatmeal in water with grated apple + broth of wild rose;
- kefir with bran and flax;
- steamed fish with vegetable salad;
- a handful of dried fruits and 30 grams of nuts;
- stew of stewed vegetables and chicken.
Proper nutrition, a diet for hypertension of the 2nd degree, will help get rid of excess weight and bad cholesterol, normalizing blood pressure. And correctly selected products can cope with other existing diseases. Adhering to the diet for several months, you will see a significant improvement in well-being, and after six months of proper nutrition, there is a high probability of completely abandoning drug therapy. But if the diet does not help, you need to see a doctor and choose a more effective treatment.
Hypertension and diabetes
If obesity is the cause of hypertension, then diabetes is often diagnosed with it. In this case, proper nutrition is even more important. When drawing up a diet, it is necessary to set the goal of not only reducing pressure, but also losing weight, normalizing sugar values. The diet for type 2 diabetes and hypertension should be low-carb, that is, completely exclude sweets, pastries, cereals.
Instead, vegetables and herbs, fruits, low-fat fish and meat, whole grain bread, and a small amount of vegetable fats should be included in the daily diet. In addition, you must follow all the doctor’s recommendations and undergo regular examinations in order to control the course of the disease. Proper nutrition, along with physical activity and the right medication, will help to significantly improve your health and change your life for the better.
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