Very often, people may experience bloody spots in their urine when urinating. This phenomenon is quite serious, since it signals the presence of urolithiasis in general, and the ingress of stones into the ureter in particular.
These formations not only cause severe pain when moving, but are also able to get stuck in the organ canal, causing various inflammatory processes and complications.
Concrements are dense formations found in the cavity organs and excretory ducts of the glands, which are formed mainly due to an imbalance in the balance of salt and colloids in the urine, provoked by a number of reasons (malnutrition, excessive drug use, the presence of various diseases, etc.) …
Before taking any measures to remove stones from the ureter, it is necessary to identify what type they belong to. Depending on the chemical composition, they are divided into:
- Struvites are characterized by the ability to rapidly increase in size.
- Oxalates are the most dangerous, because due to the spiked structure, mucous membranes of organs are often injured, up to bleeding,
- Urates are the most readily soluble.
- Phosphates – despite the fact that they have a loose structure, they are quite dangerous, as they grow to large sizes.
It should be noted that for each type of these formations it is necessary to apply individual methods of treatment and methods of excretion from the damaged organ.
Causes of stones and typical symptoms in men and women
There is a fairly extensive list of factors affecting the formation of stones in the ureter. These include:
In men, calculi can form under the influence of diseases such as prostatitis and pyelonephritis.
The presence of stones in the ureter does not manifest itself in any way until the moment of disturbance of the outflow of urine through this organ. Small calculi can even be excreted along with body fluid without any symptoms.
In the case of blockage of the ureter with a stone, patients will have various manifestations, and in both sexes they are different.
Symptoms of ureterolithiasis in men depend on the location of the formation and its mobility.
For example, immobile stones that partially block the ducts of the ureter practically do not cause any negative manifestations. This is due to the fact that in this case a compensatory reaction occurs, which reduces the pressure on the kidney.
Moving stones can completely block the organ duct, which will provoke a decrease in urine outflow, swelling of the renal tissues and an increase in the size of the kidneys. The patient will be “signaled” about these failures by symptoms such as:
- The emergence of pains of different locations: – when a calculus is found in the upper or middle part of the ureter, acute cramping pain appears in the lumbar region and lateral abdomen, which may not stop until 12 hours, intoxication, sedimentation of proteins in the urine, a large number of leukocytes and erythrocytes – when moving to the lower part of the organ, pain manifests itself intensely, radiating to the scrotum and groin, similar to inflammation of the epididymis.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Stool disorder, in which diarrhea alternates with constipation.
In women, this ailment is evidenced by such symptoms that they often do not notice, as they are similar to the “harbingers” of menstruation. Such manifestations are:
- Feeling of strong pressure in the lower abdomen.
- Frequent urge to urinate and pulling pain in the lower abdomen with him, there is no feeling of emptying the bladder.
In addition, severe pains appear in the lumbar region, which radiate to the perineum and labia, sweating, chills, dryness in the mouth, the appearance of blood and particles of renal epithelium in the urine.
Diagnosis of the disease
After the onset of symptoms of ureterolithiasis, the patient needs an urgent appeal to the urologist, who will diagnose the pathology and give further instructions on its treatment.
The initial action of a specialist in diagnosing the location of calculi is palpation, after which the doctor can prescribe studies in the form of:
- General analysis of urine to determine the number of leukocytes, erythrocytes, salts and pH levels.
- Biochemical blood test.
- Bacteriological culture of urine.
- Identification of the type of pathogens.
- X-ray radiation of the ureter in order to determine the location of the cameos and their size.
- Endoscopic examination, computed tomography and ultrasound of the kidneys.
Taking into account the results of these studies, the urologist prescribes an individual therapy that helps to remove the calculi out.
Methods for removing stones
To remove stones, 2 directions of treatment are used, depending on the complexity of the situation and the size of the formations, namely:
The first direction is used in the presence of calculi with a diameter of 2-3 mm, which do not block the ducts. Such stones can come out on their own, therefore, drugs such as:
- “Nifedipine” or “Tamsulosin” to accelerate the passage of stones.
- “No-shpa”, “Drotaverin” to relieve spasms.
- “Ibuprofen” to relieve pain and inflammation.
You can use traditional medicine and drink diuretic teas, which include herbs such as horsetail, dill, and corn silk.
This therapy involves visiting physiotherapy and exercise therapy, as well as adhering to a special diet that restricts the consumption of products with oxalic acid (cabbage, spinach, nuts, currants and legumes).
In the presence of large stones, active therapy is used, using such a method as lithotripsy (removal of calculi by crushing). It can be of the following types: remote, contact, pneumatic, laser, ultrasonic and percutaneous.
In the most severe cases, surgery has to be performed.
To avoid ureterolithiasis, it is necessary to control food, which should be varied and balanced, to consume a lot of liquid (at least 2 liters), which prevents the accumulation of sand and salts.
It is impossible to allow the kidneys and bladder to be overcooled and inflammatory processes begin in them.
It is necessary to strengthen immunity, and for this you need to consume vitamin complexes.
At least sometimes visit a urologist for a preventive examination in order to avoid the development of pathology.
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