Good afternoon, dear readers!
Recently, I have repeatedly noticed an increased interest in various skin diseases, especially often questions about seborrheic eczema arise: symptoms, etymology, methods of treatment. Let’s try to figure out what this ailment is, the reasons for its occurrence, and most importantly, what methods of treatment are most effective.
Seborrheic eczema (seborrheic dermatitis) is a skin disease characterized by nodular eruptions of various localization.
The cause of the onset and development of this unpleasant disease is most often a fungal infection against the background of a malfunction in the sebaceous glands. When diagnosing, the groups of fungi Pityrosporum ovale and Pityrosporum orbiculare, rarely staphylococci or Candida fungi, are more often determined.
The presence of these fungi in the human body is almost inevitable, but not all of them multiply in sufficient quantities to infect organs. Most often, the body’s immune system is able to suppress the development of diseases caused by various kinds of fungi.
However, there are factors that can trigger the development of the disease, especially in cases where the patient suffers from allergies.
Additional factors that can trigger seborrheic eczema:
- Reduced immunity
- Endocrine disruptions, including diabetes mellitus
- Diseases of the Central Nervous System
- Gastrointestinal tract (gastritis, peptic ulcer)
- Liver disease in kidney function
- Genetic diseases
- Stress and psychological trauma
- Chronic infections
- Frequent exposure to ARI
- Parkinson’s syndrome
Most often, seborrhea occurs on the head, neck and smooth skin of the face. People of all ages can get sick, dermatitis occurs in adults, adolescents and even infants.
Seborrhea on the head
Seborrheic eczema of this localization develops in stages. At the first stage, small light nodular rashes appear along the hairline.
Further, the nodules increase and combine into plaques, with a characteristic scaly coating, without clearly marked edges and of various shapes. The plaques are most often dry, the scalp becomes very dry, sensitive, looks inflamed and tight.
In the case of the development of the disease, the number of spots increases significantly, the skin, on the contrary, becomes very oily, dry plaques can turn into a weeping stage.
Often, seborrheic eczema of the head is accompanied by itching of varying intensity. In the absence of timely treatment, the pathological inflammatory process can move from the scalp to the smooth skin of the face and neck.
The disease is diagnosed by a dermatologist. In most cases, a visual examination is sufficient to establish the correct diagnosis; dermoscopy and scraping are performed to clarify the diagnosis.
Seborrheic eczema on the face
Most often, the occurrence of seborrheic dermatitis in the face area provokes dysfunction in the work of the sebaceous glands.
Let’s consider the problem in more detail: when the glands produce too little secretion, the skin of the face becomes extremely dry, microcracks often appear, in which various types of bacteria begin to actively reproduce. Bacteria, in turn, provoke the occurrence of infectious diseases and lesions of the smooth skin of the face.
Most often, facial eczema is characteristic of the chin, forehead and nose. In the absence of treatment, or the wrong choice of therapy, the disease can spread to the eyebrows and eyelashes.
The main signs are: severe itching, often even more intense after water procedures, dryness and peeling of the skin.
When undergoing treatment, it is worth paying additional attention to the diet, it is preferable to switch to a balanced diet, to exclude allergens. Be sure to pay due attention to personal hygiene, use high-quality, preferably hypoallergenic cosmetics, walk more in the fresh air, increase physical activity.
Seborrheic dermatitis in infants
In infants, the following factors are often the cause of the disease:
- Various pathological processes during pregnancy
- The presence of stress and severe psycho-emotional state of a woman during pregnancy
- A difficult, unstable emotional environment in the family
- Poor baby food, lactose intolerance
- Genetic predisposition
At the initial stage, in babies, the ailment manifests itself in the form of itchy redness of the face, then the rash spreads over the entire surface of the body. Disruptions in the work of the digestive tract occur, the child’s behavior changes, anxiety and tearfulness appear.
First of all, before carrying out drug treatment of seborrheic eczema in infants, it is first of all necessary to identify and try to eliminate the causes of the disease as much as possible. Including pay attention to the nutrition and emotional state of the nursing mother.
The classical treatment is divided into two types:
- Parenteral (in severe cases)
Parenteral treatment is carried out in combination with detoxification. Assumes injection antibiotic therapy with drugs such as ampicillin, prostaflin, septrin.
Detoxification therapy is carried out using various sorbents and is aimed at removing toxins from the body and maintaining immunity. Here, activated carbon, white coal, polysorb, sorbex, as well as B vitamins and calcium-containing preparations will come to the rescue.
It is important to understand that any therapy should be carried out only as directed by a doctor!
External treatment is carried out using various types of lotions, ointments, creams that do not contain hormones. Small patients are recommended lotions from various soothing herbs, as well as simple tea.
Seborrheic eczematitis usually spreads over the head and is common on the face and upper body. One of the main symptoms, in addition to rashes and itching, is enlarged sebaceous glands.
Seborrheic eczematitis often accompanies the initial stage of HIV, and therefore requires particularly careful diagnosis.
Treatment is carried out in a comprehensive manner, using anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial drugs. The former include: Voltaren Rapid, Ketalgin, Diclofenacol, the latter: Nystatin, Stopangin, Mikoseptin.
When conducting high-quality diagnostics, one cannot do without various studies in laboratory conditions.
First of all, you need to do the following research:
- general analysis of blood and urine
- donate blood for sugar
- diagnose syphilis
Further, to clarify the diagnosis, additional studies are often prescribed:
- skin scraping from the lesion
- skin biopsy
How to treat seborrheic eczema
The treatment regimen is prescribed by the attending physician, after careful research, and it may vary depending on the severity of the disease, the patient’s age, and general health.
In my article I will describe the standard techniques in the treatment of seborrheic eczema:
As we already know from the above, the treatment is complex and is divided into two types:
- External, with the use of topical preparations
- Systemic (parenteral and oral)
In the first place in the treatment of dermatitis of this type are lotions with a solution of boric acid, as well as lotions with potassium permanganate or furacilin. They can significantly reduce the activity of the pathogenic process and are highly effective.
Lotions are made as follows: a bandage folded several times is abundantly moistened with one of the solutions proposed above and applied to the affected area for 10-15 minutes.
In order to achieve maximum effectiveness from the procedure, it must be carried out daily, at least two to three times.
The second place in the list of highly effective external agents is occupied by various multi-component ointments and creams. The most popular are the following drugs: Advantan, Kenalog, Elokom, Polcortolone and Celestoderm B, Afloderm, Dermovate, Locoid. Belosalik in the form of a lotion is suitable for the head.
Important to remember! Any use of external drugs is possible only as directed by the attending physician, often such drugs are hormonal.
In systemic treatment, glucocorticosteroids are often used, such as betagenot, phlosterone, fucicort, triderm, such treatment is carried out in combination with antibiotic therapy, the following drugs will come to the rescue: azithromycin, ciprofloxacin, ceftriaxone, gentamicin.
In systemic treatment, anti-allergic drugs are indicated for prescription: diphenhydramine, suprastin, tavegil, diazolin, fenkarol.
In addition, the complex therapy includes non-drug measures, such as:
- Diet (exclude citrus fruits, seafood, sweets and other allergens)
- Physiotherapy procedures (magnetotherapy, UFO, phonophoresis)
- Sanatorium treatment in specialized institutions (Pyatigorsk, Matsesta, Saki, Chernovodnoe and others)
Non-drug treatments for seborrheic eczema
Below are the options for folk recipes that have a positive effect in the treatment of seborrhea:
Detonic – a unique medicine that helps fight hypertension at all stages of its development.
The complex effect of plant components of the drug Detonic on the walls of blood vessels and the autonomic nervous system contribute to a rapid decrease in blood pressure. In addition, this drug prevents the development of atherosclerosis, thanks to the unique components that are involved in the synthesis of lecithin, an amino acid that regulates cholesterol metabolism and prevents the formation of atherosclerotic plaques.
Detonic not addictive and withdrawal syndrome, since all components of the product are natural.
Detailed information about Detonic is located on the manufacturer’s page.
A decoction of burdock is considered a very good remedy for restoring the secretion of the sebaceous glands. To prepare a broth, you need to take burdock root, pour it with one glass of boiled water and bring to a boil, you need to boil such a broth for at least half an hour.
After the solution has cooled, it must be applied to the affected areas for at least 40 minutes, then rinse the treated skin with water.
A good soothing effect was shown by tincture of birch leaves. It is very simple to prepare it: 2 tablespoons of birch leaves should be poured with one glass of boiling water and left for at least 40 minutes. Then rub the tincture into the scalp every time after washing your hair
Vinegar, dangerous or effective?
Acetic acid is a serious product, and its improper and thoughtless use can cause severe skin burns. But using a low-strength acetic acid solution can work wonders and relieve burning, itching, and flaking.
To prepare the solution, you will need one tablespoon of vinegar essence and 1 liter of water, mix thoroughly and rinse the scalp.
Applications with sea buckthorn tincture
With very strong irritation, applications with sea buckthorn tincture will come to the rescue. The high content of vitamin A in sea buckthorn berries provides relief from burning and removes redness.
However, you need to understand that some traditional methods are not enough and they should be used in combination with traditional drug therapy.
In order to prevent the disease, people with a predisposition to dermatitis must observe the following rules:
- Identify allergens and try to eliminate them from your life
- Healthy food
- Use only natural cosmetics and natural materials in clothes and shoes
- To live an active lifestyle