A gentle killer, an affectionate executioner, a slow and quiet destroyer – it’s all about hepatitis. So they say about this disease because the virus that causes the appearance of the disease in the body, getting into the human body, at first does not manifest itself at all.
The infectious hepatitis is so dangerous that, once in the body, it imperceptibly begins to have a destructive effect on a person. In addition, an infected person, himself not knowing that he is sick, can infect others, primarily his loved ones.
- What is infectious hepatitis
- Types and sources of infection
- Symptoms and Diagnosis
- Diet and prevention
- What is non-infectious hepatitis
- Its types and sources of infection
- Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment
- Prognosis and prevention
- Final comparison of infectious and non-infectious hepatitis
What is infectious hepatitis
Infectious hepatitis is a dangerous diagnosis. This medical report suggests that the patient has a severe, serious, and, in some classifications, a terrible liver pathology.
When a virus that infects this ailment enters the body of an individual, the human liver becomes inflamed, and the cells and tissues of this organ are seriously damaged. Moreover, these damage can even provoke tissue death. Serious liver damage can lead to irreversible processes, and even the death of the patient.
These infectious liver diseases are also popularly called jaundice. Why and what is jaundice? Hepatitis hepatic lesions provide for the fact that bile from the liver does not go where it should, but spreads throughout the body, through organs, systems and tissues. And it turns out that this liquid stains the skin and even the whites of the eyes in yellow colors. For the poet, this diagnosis is also called jaundice.
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Types and sources of infection
How is the transmission of the disease from an infected person to a healthy person? It all depends on the type of diagnosis. The causative agent of infectious hepatitis is a virus that dominates the body of an infected patient.
Nowadays, medicine knows six main types of hepatitis:
- A is one of the simplest forms of this infectious disease, moreover, it is quite common. With adequate therapy, it guarantees a complete recovery,
- B is also a common type of this disease, but already more dangerous in its consequences,
- C is an even more serious variety. Requiring complex and lengthy therapy. But it will not be possible to finally cure this class of the disease, it can only be compensated by removing the acute course,
- D – delta hepatitis, a very rare form. But it is treatable. If the therapy is prescribed correctly, there is a chance to get rid of the disease completely. But in the case of improper treatment, it will turn into a chronic diagnosis,
- F is a dangerous form, although quite rare. Often leads to the development of a chronic diagnosis. The consequences can be dire – the development of coma and the death of the patient,
- G is the rarest class of hepatitis. It can very quickly degenerate into cirrhosis or the primary stage of oncology.
Classify this infectious disease by the mode of transmission of the virus:
- Hepatitis A. Only by enteral route, you can bring the virus into your body at home – through dirty hands, unwashed, say, after going to the toilet, food or water, which got the pathogen.
- Hepatitis B, C, D, G. Infection occurs only parenterally – through blood, lymph, seminal fluid, vaginal lubrication, from mother to fetus during pregnancy, from mother to child during breastfeeding, during sex without a condom
- Hepatitis F. The virus can be transferred both enterally (as A) and parenterally (as B, C, D, G).
Symptoms and Diagnosis
When a virus of a disease enters the body of an infected person, for some time it seems to hide, not showing itself in anything. But this is only at first glance. He begins a harmful effect on the insides from the very first day of his presence.
Then the acute form of the disease begins. A person is haunted by nausea, vomiting, increased gas production, lethargy, weakness, apathy, lack of desire to eat. A high temperature rises, the stomach begins to ache on the right side, in the area of the liver, the feces become pale in color, the urine becomes dark yellow or even brown, an increase in the size of the inflamed liver occurs. One of the signs is jaundice – the skin and whites of the eyes turn yellow, and attacks of itchy skin also occur.
At first, the diagnosis can only be identified by taking tests of the disease. The patient’s blood will show the presence of the virus even when there are no other external manifestations of the disease. Ultrasound will show initial liver damage.
When the disease becomes acute, the enlarged liver can be felt during palpation. And by the appearance of the patient, when jaundice begins, it can be concluded that there is a diagnosis.
The method of getting rid of the diagnosis of hepatitis will depend on what kind of ailment dominates your body, how seriously the virus has settled in the body and how much damage it has done. Although there is a therapy with general recommendations for all classes of disease. Antiviral drugs are prescribed to the patient, toxins are removed from the body, and liver tissue is restored.
And you need to be prepared for the fact that the more complex the forms of the disease, the more slowly the recovery or compensation of the disease occurs.
As with treatment, complications and their severity depend on the type of hepatitis a person has contracted. If the class of the disease is not severe and not as dangerous as the rest (for example, A), then with the right approach, complete disposal of the diagnosis occurs.
With other types of recovery, there may not be – the disease will develop into a chronic stage. And this is at best. At worst, it all ends in cirrhosis, cancerous tumors, coma and death.
Diet and prevention
During treatment for hepatitis, the patient must strictly abstain from junk food. Alcohol, fatty and fried (especially in oil) foods, as well as pickles, smoked foods, and sweets are prohibited. Also, you should not eat very cold food and overeat.
Preference should be given to proteins – chicken, other lean poultry, lean meat, moderately fatty fish. Food must be steamed or stewed without oil (only in water or with the addition of low-fat broth), you need to eat in small portions in several doses.
What to do as a preventive measure?
You can protect yourself from enterally transmitted hepatitis by strictly observing personal hygiene. In order not to become infected with more complex and rare types of parenterally transmitted ailments, you need to avoid accidental sexual intercourse without using a barrier contraceptive, do not reuse syringes, needles, medical instruments, tools for manicure, pedicure, tattooing, tattoos, microblading, etc., piercing.
What is non-infectious hepatitis
There is another type of hepatitis. As surprising as it may sound, there is also non-infectious hepatitis. This is also a complex and dangerous hepatic pathology, but it appears and develops in the human body not under the influence of a virus, but as a result of the influence of certain factors – poisoning, prolonged alcoholism, metabolic disorders.
Its types and sources of infection
In turn, non-infectious hepatitis is also divided into classes:
- Alcoholic. It occurs due to the fact that the patient has been continuously drinking alcohol for many years,
- Toxic. It develops as a result of poisoning with toxic substances – surrogate alcohol, arsenic, mercury, drugs,
- Metabolic. Certain genetic disorders of the patient can lead to this type of disease,
- Autoimmune. It occurs as a reaction to antibodies,
- Billionaire. It occurs if bile stagnates in the liver ducts for so long and seriously that it provokes the death of the cells and tissues of the organ,
- Reactive is the result of other dangerous diseases.
Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment
The symptoms and treatment of non-infectious hepatitis are somewhat similar to the signs and treatment of infectious diseases of this type. With the development of a non-viral diagnosis, the patient experiences increased gas production and gas release, nausea ending with vomiting, diarrhea.
In addition to all this, the person’s right side hurts – in the area of the liver. Such signs of the disease are in acute form. If the diagnosis has already flowed into the chronicle, the patient’s skin and whites of the eyes turn yellow.
The skin itches, becomes sensitive even to mild influences – at the slightest impact, hematomas form. And from time to time bleeds from the nose when there is no apparent reason for this.
It is possible to identify the disease and completely confirm that the patient has this particular diagnosis using a blood test for hepatic parameters, as well as a general blood test and urine analysis.
Treat non-infectious hepatitis, first of all, by eliminating the factor that provoked it. Then detoxification measures are carried out, a course of vitamins is prescribed.
Prognosis and prevention
With early detection and adequate correct therapy, non-viral hepatitis in most cases successfully retreats from the patient. There is a small percentage when the diagnosis is transformed into a chronic form. But even in this case, with the right approach and supportive measures, this entry in the medical record does not in any way affect the patient’s quality of life.
However, if the disease is allowed to take its course, it can degenerate into cirrhosis or provoke hepatic coma. The outcome can be fatal.
Prevention consists in avoiding excessive consumption of alcohol and other hazardous, harmful and toxic substances, as well as in the timely prompt and correct treatment of diagnoses that can provoke other types of non-infectious hepatitis.
Final comparison of infectious and non-infectious hepatitis
The main difference between viral and non-infectious hepatitis is the cause of the diagnosis. In the first case, the causative agent is a virus, in the second, some factor. Otherwise, these diseases are similar. Mainly because they are a severe and dangerous hepatic pathology.
Therefore, they have similar signs, course, consequences and their effect on the liver and on the rest of the viscera. And yet, what distinguishes these two types of hepatitis from each other: with non-viral, eliminating the cause of the disease, you can successfully cure and forget about the diagnosis. And there are many chances for this.
The majority of viral hepatitis does not disappear without a trace for a person. And maybe they stay with the patient until the end of his life.
Infectious hepatitis: classification, symptoms, treatment, prevention.