Focal changes in the white matter of the brain what is it

The irreversible consequences of brain damage require an integrated approach to treatment and cardinal changes in the usual way of life:

  1. Rejection of bad habits;
  2. Physical activity – walking and swimming, to strengthen the heart muscle;
  3. Compliance with diet – table number 10 – restriction of salt, fatty and spicy foods. Mostly boiled or steamed food;
  4. Compliance with the rest regimen – with brain pathologies, it is necessary to increase sleep by several hours;
  5. Avoiding stress – an unstable emotional state directly affects the causes of many diseases.

Drug therapy is aimed at eliminating cognitive disorders and treating the underlying disease that causes brain tissue changes:

  • Drugs to improve blood circulation (help make up for oxygen deficiency in tissues);
  • Analgesics (pain relief);
  • Antiepileptic drugs (relieving convulsive syndrome);
  • Beta-blockers (blood pressure control, to exclude hypertensive crises);
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs;
  • B vitamins (restoration of the nervous system);
  • Antidepressants (for anxiety disorders);
  • Nootropic drugs (restoration of cognitive abilities).

With minor foci of damage, it is possible to slow down the progressive process, following the instructions of the neurologist and undergoing an annual re-examination of the vessels of the brain.

Preventive measures aimed at maintaining a healthy lifestyle and annual scheduled examinations by a neurologist can reduce the risk to a minimum for people predisposed to vascular pathologies.

Dysfunctional brain disorders affect the quality of life and the course of the disease, leading to death with extensive damage to the brain tissue. Timely treatment does not eliminate the pathology, but it is possible to slow down atrophic processes and establish dying vital functions.

The brain is the main human organ related to the central nervous system. In humans, a large brain represents:

  • 2 large hemispheres;
  • diencephalon;
  • midbrain;
  • cerebellum;
  • medulla.

All structures of the skull have a unique histological structure and perform specific functions. With the defeat of one of the parts of the organ of thinking, somatic disorders occur, which over time can be compensated by the transfer of function from one department to another. For example, with a stroke in the cerebellum, the coordination of movements is disturbed, and the person stops moving.

Cerebral ischemia is a painful condition that is associated with the inability of blood vessels to provide adequate nutrition for the cells that make up the brain. This condition can be acute (stroke, cerebral infarction) or chronic. Coronary heart disease causes a common disease among older people – encephalopathy.

Like any other pathology, focal changes in the substance of the brain of a circulatory nature can have several stages of development. Each of them has its own peculiarities and differences, so it is very important for the doctor to understand at what exactly stage your disease is in order to choose the best treatment for you.

So, at the very first stage, it is extremely difficult to notice the presence of pathology. After all, cerebral circulation has only just begun to be disrupted. In this case, the specific symptoms of the disease are not yet expressed, so it is almost impossible to diagnose it, and the patient has no special complaints.

In the second stage, the patient’s condition worsens, because nerve cells and brain tissue begin to die. Such processes are associated with significant disturbances in cerebral circulation.

The third stage of this disease is the last. In this case, most of the brain matter died, so the brain ceases to function normally. In this case, the symptoms of the disease can be very diverse and each patient manifests itself in different ways.

In fact, there are a huge number of reasons due to which focal changes in the substance of the brain of a circulatory nature can occur. The consequences of this pathology we will consider below, and now we will figure out what causes affect its development.

As mentioned above, this condition occurs due to the fact that the blood supply to the brain is disturbed. Very often this is due to the fact that the cervical spine is injured or susceptible to osteochondrosis and other diseases. Also, the disease can occur against the background of the presence of certain diseases of the cardiovascular system or after receiving brain injuries.

Focal changes most often occur in people of advanced age, however, recently, young patients are increasingly turning to neuropathologists, and this suggests that the disease begins to actively grow younger.

First of all, it is very important to establish blood supply to the brain, as well as provide support for healthy nerve cells so that the disease does not continue to progress. If necessary, the patient can take sedatives and other medicines. This must be done to support normal functioning. Oxygen hunger often leads to complications, so it is important to eliminate this phenomenon in a timely manner.

You also need to strengthen the nervous system. For this, experts recommend taking safe and effective herbal preparations. It is also necessary to make sure that the brain cells receive a sufficient amount of nutrients, trace elements and vitamins. It is very important to tone the vessels and expand them so that oxygen deficiency does not occur.

If the patency of the arteries is much worse, then the doctor may decide to have surgery. However, this is done as a last resort.

Symptoms of a change in the substance of the brain of a dystrophic nature are most often manifested quite clearly, but, unfortunately, this happens when the disease is already very progressing. Therefore, it is important to pay attention to the appearance of even small deviations in the state of health.

  • Initially, the described focal changes are manifested by a headache that occurs both during physical and emotional stress.
  • Periodic manifestations of paresthesia – numbness or slight tingling in the limbs are also characteristic of this disease.
  • The patient complains of dizziness and insomnia, he has impaired coordination of movements (ataxia).
  • With the course of the disease, the listed symptoms are aggravated, hyperkinesis (involuntary movements of the limbs) joins them, paresis and paralysis develop.
  • Further development of the disease leads to memory impairment, a marked decrease in intelligence, agraphy (loss of writing ability).

Forms of the pathological process

Depending on the damage caused by disturbances in the functioning of blood vessels and the delivery of nutrients to the brain tissues, there are:

  1. The discirculatory nature of the lesions;
  2. Focal changes in the substance of the brain of a dystrophic nature.

The risk group includes not only age-related patients. The pathological process in the brain structures is also found in concomitant diseases not related to the vascular system:

  • Age over 50 years;
  • Metabolic disorder (obesity);
  • Hypertension
  • A sedentary lifestyle (stagnation in the vascular bed);
  • Alcohol and tobacco abuse;
  • Atherosclerosis;
  • Diabetes;
  • Vegetative dystonia;
  • Osteochondrosis;
  • Heart rhythm disturbance (bradycardia, tachycardia);
  • Rheumatoid arthritis.

The circulatory form of the pathological process – the slow development of lesions of vascular origin, has a chronic course. The initial stage does not lead to significant disruptions in the nervous system and is felt like overwork or depression; it is extremely difficult to diagnose a developing pathology.

The growth of vasogenic lesions leads to the death of tissue and is expressed by the instability of the psyche and the appearance of headaches. Extensive tissue necrosis leads to irreversible changes, a person becomes incapacitated (impaired motor activity and intellectual abilities).

Lack of cellular nutrition leads to focal changes in the brain of a dystrophic nature, the damage zone can be single or have a large area.

Necrotic sites can be in the form of single inclusions or have multiple foci with dead tissue. Pathological changes have a genetic predisposition and manifest themselves in the presence of adverse factors.

  • Traumatic brain injuries;
  • Neoplasms (tumors, cysts);
  • The consequences of degenerative changes (scars on the brain tissue after an injury);
  • Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine;
  • Vascular aneurysm.

The manifestation of symptoms occurs already with a severe form of the disease and an extensive focus of necrosis. The initial stage is expressed by a depressive state that is not stopped by antidepressants.

Damage to the frontal and temporal lobe of the brain is expressed in a decrease in memory and concentration. A progressive process leads to degenerative changes (does not recognize objects, speech is disturbed).

Demyelinating disorders, expressed in violation of the musculoskeletal system (staggering gait, impaired coordination), join. The development of paresis of varying intensity (tremor of hands, head, lack of facial expressions), lead to dysphagia (inability to eat due to poor swallowing).

A person becomes unable to control emotions (laughter or crying for no reason), changes affect the vocal cords (nasal voice).

To correctly understand the problem of circulatory failure in the brain in adults and newborns, you need to know how the nutrients reach the necessary cells of the body.

The main organ of the central nervous system receives nutrition through the branches of the internal carotid and basilar arteries. The common carotid artery, on which its own pulse is palpated, lies near the larynx. It is near the thyroid cartilage (where the Adam’s apple is located in men) that this vessel divides into the external and internal carotid arteries, the latter goes into the cavity of the skull.

In the blood supply to the hemispheres, the cortical branches play a large role, which feed almost all of their departments. Often, with the development of their pathology, cerebral ischemia occurs.

The vertebral artery has long been known among the population, since the diagnosis of “vertebral artery syndrome” is often made by neuropathologists. This blood vessel from the 6th cervical vertebra through the holes in the transverse processes rises into the cavity of the skull and there diverges into 2 branches: the basilar and the anterior spinal cord.

A special role in the blood supply to the brain is played by the arterial circle of the cerebrum or the so-called Willis circle. This education helps to compensate for the blood supply to the brain in case of failure of one of the arteries and save a person’s life. It is precisely this feature of the blood supply to the brain that doctors are guided by when they develop tactics for treating cerebral ischemia, taking into account the symptoms that arise in old age.

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The outflow of venous blood occurs through the large cerebral vein. In case of a malfunction of this structure, an increase in intracranial pressure occurs, which can be a life-threatening condition.

In fact, it is possible to eliminate such pathology as focal changes in the brain substance of a discirculatory nature, if you approach the solution of the problem in a comprehensive manner. First of all, everything must be done in order to establish blood supply to the brain. In any case, the treatment will be selected individually. After all, each patient had his own special reasons for the development of this ailment.

Acute cerebrovascular accident

This diagnosis characterizes a pathological condition that lasts at least a day. Pathogenetically, the condition is associated with a sharp violation of vascular patency, which is very quickly restored.

Often a diagnosis of TIA is made, which stands for transient ischemic attack.

The causes of such conditions are often:

  1. Arterial hypertension.
  2. Heart disease (often in combination with hypertension).
  3. Pathology of the great vessels (congenital or acquired).
  4. Atherosclerosis.
  5. Varicose veins.
  6. Vasculitis of various origins (rheumatic diseases, systemic syphilis).

Cerebral clinical symptoms of transient vascular pathologies:

  1. Headache.
  2. Dizziness, flies before the eyes.
  3. Nausea and vomiting that does not bring relief.
  4. A disorder of consciousness, a sharp change in the character or mood of the patient.

Focal clinical symptoms of transient vascular pathologies:

  1. Short-term violation of sensitivity in the zone of innervation of a single nerve.
  2. Disorder of the motor function of a muscle or limb.
  3. Often patients complain of numbness of the limb on the one hand, a curved smile, loss of visual fields.

The main difference between this category of diseases is the reversibility of clinical symptoms.

E.V. Schmidt distinguishes 3 degrees of severity of TIA:

  1. The first mild degree is characterized by an attack length of not more than 5 minutes.
  2. The second degree, moderate – 10-15 minutes without registration of residual phenomena after the attack.
  3. The third degree, severe – the attack lasts for hours or days and can be characterized by microsymptoms of organic pathology. At the same time, there are no clinically noticeable cerebrovascular disturbances.

The danger of TIA (transient ischemic attacks) is due to the fact that most often they are repeated in the same place, affecting the same vessel and part of the nerve cells that supply them with blood. This leads to the gradual development of organic pathology, which can include a critical decrease in the ability to remember, a change in intellectual activity, and severe asthenic syndrome with increased emotional exhaustion.

A more serious sudden pathology is an acute stroke, which can be hemorrhagic or ischemic in nature.

First of all, patients with this diagnosis should be in a state of emotional rest. It is necessary to observe the rules of inpatient treatment:

  1. Until persistent disappearance of the clinic, compliance with strictly bed rest.
  2. Compliance with the ward regime for 14-21 days after the disappearance of clinical manifestations.
  3. Milk and vegetable diet.
  4. Fresh air and / or oxygen inhalation.
  5. Detoxification therapy (ascorbic acid).
  6. Vitamins of group B.
  7. The prescription of drug treatment is not regulated, because it must correspond to the concomitant diagnoses (diabetes mellitus, erysipelas, varicose veins, rheumatoid arthritis, etc.) and the prevention of their complications.

The constant intake of a rational regimen for the treatment of arterial hypertension, atherosclerosis, diabetes mellitus and other chronic diseases leads to a minimum percentage of transient brain disorders.

For non-drug prevention of this pathology, it is necessary:

  1. Observe the regime of work and rest, correctly alternate heavy and light labor.
  2. Eat right.
  3. To refuse from bad habits. Smoking is especially harmful, since tobacco smoke contributes to the uneven narrowing of blood vessels.

The most complex and debatable problem in the diagnosis is chronic cerebral ischemia, a chronic progressive vascular pathology called discirculatory encephalopathy. The ICD-10 has a code of I 60-I 69.

Most often, this condition manifests itself in old age and develops against the background of severe atherosclerotic lesion of the bloodstream, uncontrolled blood pressure with coronary heart disease (CHD) and the presence of rheumatism. Less commonly, the cause for such a serious illness is diabetes mellitus, sexually transmitted diseases (syphilis), and other pathological conditions that affect the vessels of the brain.

The pathogenetic cause of the disease is a change in the blood vessel. In this case, it may be noted:

  1. Closing the lumen of a vessel with a thrombus, embolus, foreign body (catheter), helminth, tumor, atherosclerotic plaque, etc.
  2. Narrowing the lumen due to a tumor-like process from the outside, edema, etc.

Most often, encephalopathy passes without vivid clinical symptoms, but with constant and prolonged monitoring of the patient, you can see how his personality changes.

The initial period of discirculatory encephalopathy is manifested by the following complaints of the patient:

  1. Irritability and forgetfulness.
  2. Stray and impaired concentration.
  3. Impaired performance.

The second stage of encephalopathy is manifested:

  1. Speech articulation disorder.
  2. Difficulty walking without paresis.
  3. Decreased coordination and awkwardness in movements.
  4. Gradual amplification of reflexes, sometimes the definition of pathological reflexes.

The severe stage is manifested:

  1. Sphincter disorder.
  2. An objective manifestation of monoparesis (lack of movement in one limb or part of the body). And at first these are temporary, then permanent symptoms.
  3. Severe disorder of coordination of movements.
  4. Speech impairment, up to aphasia.

At the second stage of the disease, the patient needs disability registration, as his performance is severely impaired.

The treatment of cerebral ischemia in old age, as well as the symptoms of this pathology, is more symptomatic, since the initial cause of vascular pathology is not fully understood.

Medicines that are used for encephalopathy of a vascular nature:

  1. Vitamin preparations (B vitamins, ascorbic acid, glutamic acid, nicotinic acid).
  2. Vasodilators (Platifilin, Papaverine).
  3. ATP preparations (Riboxin).
  4. Biostimulants (aloe, eleutherococcus, tincture of lemongrass).
  5. Antisclerotic drugs (potassium iodide (2% solution, 25 ml 3 / d) and similar drugs).
  6. In case of mental disorders, you can use Seduxen, Elenium, Bromine, tincture of valerian.

The intake of any drug must begin with a clear weighing of the pros and cons. Such tactics will prevent the wrong combination of drugs and deterioration.

It is necessary to realize that such violations are very difficult to cure, in this regard, doctors set themselves the task of preventing the patient from worsening. Prevention of dangerous consequences (stroke or cerebral infarction) is necessary.

Cerebral ischemia in newborns is most often associated with congenital pathology. Several factors can lead to it, but most often it is their combination:

  1. Mom taking medications with a pronounced teratogenic effect (antibiotics, analgesics and others).
  2. The influence of pathogenic environmental factors (radiation).
  3. Bad habits (smoking and alcohol).

Sometimes the cause of brain pathology can be sexually transmitted infections.

Pathological conditions of the brain can be triggered by birth trauma. Such cases often cause cerebral palsy and are mainly due to the fact that the mother was not adequately examined during pregnancy.

It should be noted that single focal changes in brain matter of a dystrophic nature occur not only in older people, but also in people under the age of fifty.

Stresses, injuries, stressful situations, hypertension and other provoking factors can trigger the development of focal changes. The constant overstrain experienced by many able-bodied citizens also plays its unseemly role.

Enhanced brain function against the background of vascular spasm in youth, as well as ischemia in old age, can equally lead to foci of dystrophic changes with all the ensuing consequences. And from this it follows that timely and properly organized rest is a very important part of the prevention of the described pathology.

Focal changes in the substance of the brain of a circulatory nature: symptoms

Despite the fact that at the first stage it is not easy to recognize a type of pathology, nevertheless some symptoms will indicate its presence. Usually, at a very early stage, patients complain of insomnia, constant fatigue, lethargy, inoperability, pain in the head area, and inability to stressful situations.

But when the pathology begins to actively progress, it becomes much easier to recognize it. Pain in the head bothers more often and has a longer duration. Mental activity is impaired, and psychosomatic disorders also occur. Some patients have seizures, as well as cognitive impairment and strokes. The vestibular apparatus, organs of vision and hearing also suffer.

A focal change in brain matter of a dystrophic nature, as a rule, is provoked by very common disturbances in the functioning of blood vessels. These include:

  • vasomotor dystonia,
  • atherosclerosis,
  • arterial hypertension,
  • vascular aneurysm in the brain and spinal cord,
  • cardiocerebral syndrome.

The diseases of old age are also accompanied by the described irreversible changes in the brain – everyone knows the problems caused by Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s or Peak’s disease.

As already mentioned earlier, the exact reason for the appearance of this pathology is still unfortunately not established. And the diseases diagnosed with it are more likely factors that only provoke the onset of its development or enhance the processes that have already begun, and not the main cause of the disease.

Therefore, its treatment consists mainly in normalizing the patient’s day regimen and in a proper diet, including products that contain organic acids (baked and fresh apples, cherries, sauerkraut), as well as seafood and walnuts. The use of hard cheeses, cottage cheese and milk will have to be limited, since an excess of calcium in the blood makes oxygen exchange difficult, and this supports ischemia and single focal changes in the brain substance of a dystrophic nature.

In addition, the patient can not do without symptomatic therapy, which involves the appointment of drugs that affect cerebral circulation and reduce blood viscosity, taking analgesics, sedatives and B vitamins. However, this is a separate and rather extensive topic.

Diagnostics

Focal changes in the brain are difficult to diagnose in the initial stage. The identification of pathology is complicated by rather meager symptoms.

US – diagnostics with dopplerography reveals violations in the vessels of the brain (asymmetry, increased venous blood flow, stenosis, atherosclerosis). CT (computed tomography), determines transferred heart attacks, fluid accumulation in cavities and thinning of tissues (atrophy of brain structures).

The most reliable and accurate results are possible, obtained only by examination with the help of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the skull. The image is obtained by the interaction of an electromagnetic field with hydrogen atoms.

This diagnosis allows you to evaluate the functioning of neurons and detect changes in the density of brain tissue. Having revealed the asymptomatic stages of a focal lesion, it is possible to start timely therapy.

MRI allows you to get images in three planes (transverse, longitudinal and frontal) and to identify the cause of malnutrition of brain structures:

  • Necrotic single lesion in the cerebral cortex resulting from narrowing or closure of a vertebral artery by a thrombus (congenital pathologies, result of atherosclerosis or hernia of the vertebral division);
  • Multiple focal lesions – pre-stroke condition (diagnosis allows you to start timely treatment and prevent the development of irreversible processes);
  • Changes in the frontal or parietal lobe – small lesions that occur with hypertension and crises;
  • Micro-focal lesion – diagnosed by the introduction of a contrast agent, characteristic of age-related patients, or the presence of congenital anomalies.
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The revealed pathology with the help of MRI allows you to assess the rate of disease progression and choose the right treatment tactics.

The complete picture of focal changes in the brain substance of a dystrophic nature is determined using an MRI scan. This procedure allows you to see even small sections of transformations in white matter. And they, in turn, lead to cancer and stroke.

Focal dystrophic lesions are of different sizes, vary in place of localization. Based on this, the examination may show some types of disorders.

In the hemisphere of the brain, a blockage of vital arteries is usually diagnosed due to abnormalities in the development of the embryo or acquired atherosclerotic plaques. A hernia of the cervical spine is also revealed.

Changes in the white matter of the brain indicate hypertension, congenital malformations. In other cases, numerous areas of brain pathologies may indicate a pre-stroke state, senile dementia, epilepsy.

Sometimes doctors conduct tests with a patient to detect the presence of cognitive impairment. That is, violations of cognitive functions. Such as orientation in space and time, understanding of external processes, the ability to remember information, drawing, writing, reading, etc.

A focal change in brain matter of a dystrophic nature can develop in three ways:

  1. In the first case, the disease has a remitting nature. Symptoms increase gradually, the condition worsens, and brain productivity decreases. But from time to time there are remissions – temporary improvements in health, after which the patient becomes worse again.
  2. Progressive focal changes in the substance of the brain of a dyscirculatory dystrophic nature develop very quickly. Each stage of the disease takes no more than two years, which is considered a short term for organic brain lesions.
  3. Usually, the deterioration in the condition of a person suffering from focal changes lasts for many years, resulting in dementia.

It should be remembered that single focal changes in brain matter of a dystrophic nature are often manifested in young people, and single damage to white matter in an elderly person is considered the norm. Atherosclerotic-type structural disorders of the arteries of the brain appear in 50% of patients older than 50 years.

Signs of focal lesions are not always very easy to recognize. It is impossible to draw any conclusion based solely on the words of the patient. In order to understand what kind of disease is present in the patient, it is necessary to conduct a complete diagnosis. Of course, at the first stage it is difficult to determine the presence of focal changes in brain tissue, since the disease is only beginning to gain momentum. Therefore, very rarely patients go to the hospital when they have a constant feeling of tiredness or insomnia.

Most often, patients turn to neuropathologists already in the second and third stages of the disease. In this case, the doctor will check the reflex reactions, and also check the presence of mental abnormalities in the patient. It is also important to collect information about well-being from the mouth of the patient. It is after receiving such information that the specialist will be able to determine what kind of examination the affected person should undergo in this case.

First of all, you will be offered to take a blood test for sugar and cholesterol, as well as determine the state of fat metabolism in your body. Next, the vascular system of the head and neck is examined. It is also very important to examine the cervical spine in order to understand the condition of the artery supplying blood to the brain.

Also, without fail, the patient will have to undergo a magnetic resonance examination and do electrocardiography.

If the disease has affected other organs or organ systems, then you will have to turn to other specialists, such as a cardiologist, otolaryngologist, and others.

Conclusion

In any case, it must be said that vascular pathologies do not arise just like that. Often their cause is the patient himself. Of course, heredity and individual characteristics should not be ruled out, but maintaining a healthy and healthy lifestyle has always led to a more favorable old age and the absence of incurable diseases.

The main thing that needs to be clarified is that acute cerebrovascular accidents can be cured only with high-quality and timely therapy. It is necessary to use preventive methods to prevent its complications using folk and traditional methods.

The causes of dystrophy

The full picture of the appearance of dystrophic changes to researchers is not yet clear. But numerous observations have led to the conclusion that most cases of this pathology have a genetic predisposition. The action of provoking factors only accelerates the development of the process or enhances its manifestation.

Therefore, the causes of focal changes in brain matter of a dystrophic nature can be safely divided into genetic and acquired ones. Although it should be noted that the acquired causes are still a very conditional definition in this case, since they begin their destructive effect only if the patient is prone to this pathology.

In the early stages of this disease, it is enough to reconsider your lifestyle and diet, choosing a more sparing regimen and diet. In the diet, it is advised to reduce the consumption of animal fats, and it is better to completely replace them with vegetable. You should eat fish and seafood instead of fatty meat, cut back on the amount of salt in the diet. Great benefits will come from fresh vegetables and fruits.

Lesions of individual parts of the brain are not uncommon. As mentioned above, in order to eliminate such a pathology, it is very important to take comprehensive measures. You will also need to adjust your diet, because how we feel depends on what we eat.

It is very important to include foods rich in vitamins B, C and PP in your diet. It is also good to eat foods rich in magnesium and potassium. If the patient has impaired fat metabolism, then experts recommend eating foods that can break down fats. First of all, it should include garlic and onions. Try to eat cereals daily, as they very well strengthen the walls of blood vessels. Also, eat seafood at least twice a week.

A few words about the consequences

The ailment described in this article is very dangerous, therefore, at the first signs, it is very important to contact a neurologist. Where to do an MRI of the brain, your doctor will tell you. Typically, this procedure is carried out in the hospital itself or in the center for examinations. In any case, do not ignore her, as she will help establish an accurate diagnosis.

Focal changes in the substance of the brain of a circulatory nature can lead to very serious consequences. The presence of this disease can affect the whole body as a whole: blood pressure will increase, while the risk of such a dangerous condition as stroke will also increase.

preventive measures

Any disease is easier to prevent than to treat, and focal changes in the substance of the brain of a circulatory nature are no exception. Everyone in this world should try to lead an active lifestyle. Exercising greatly improves metabolism and cerebral circulation. Therefore, do physical education today.

Pay attention to what you eat and adjust your diet. Of course, it is very difficult to switch directly to a healthy diet, especially if you are a big fan of unhealthy foods. Therefore, do it gradually, so you will have much less stress for your body.

Learn not only to work, but also to relax. Constant stressful situations are fraught with your well-being and lead to the development of many dangerous diseases.

Also take care of your sleep. The optimal time for sleep for an adult is seven to eight hours a day. Your lack of sleep and its excess will negatively affect your health.

conclusions

Your health is in your hands, so now think about where to do an MRI of the brain. If during this procedure it was found that you are predisposed to the occurrence of focal brain diseases, change your lifestyle urgently. Do not forget that any disease is much easier to prevent than then try to get rid of it.

How is the diagnosis

The diagnosis of “focal change in brain matter of a dystrophic nature” is quite difficult to establish. This requires the identification of signs of the above pathologies and the exclusion of other somatic diseases and possible neuroses. By the way, people with diabetes and rheumatism are also at risk.

The doctor must evaluate the patient’s condition, his neurological status, and also conduct the necessary examinations. The most accurate testimony is given by an MRI scan, where it is possible to identify lesions, as well as their size and location. Tomography makes it possible to determine changes in brain tissue density even in the initial stage of the disease. Proper reading of the results of MRI is an important step in starting treatment for the problem described.

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Svetlana Borszavich

General practitioner, cardiologist, with active work in therapy, gastroenterology, cardiology, rheumatology, immunology with allergology.
Fluent in general clinical methods for the diagnosis and treatment of heart disease, as well as electrocardiography, echocardiography, monitoring of cholera on an ECG and daily monitoring of blood pressure.
The treatment complex developed by the author significantly helps with cerebrovascular injuries and metabolic disorders in the brain and vascular diseases: hypertension and complications caused by diabetes.
The author is a member of the European Society of Therapists, a regular participant in scientific conferences and congresses in the field of cardiology and general medicine. She has repeatedly participated in a research program at a private university in Japan in the field of reconstructive medicine.

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