Exercises after a stroke according to the Bubnovsky technique

Dr. Bubnovsky exercises after a stroke recommends to perform, almost from the first days after the disease. The sooner you begin the recovery process, the greater the chances of defeating the disease and returning to a full life faster.

In the “Center of Dr. Bubnovsky” rehabilitation after a stroke is carried out according to the developed author’s technique, the basic principle of which is therapy without the use of medications. Kinesitherapy (motion treatment), breathing exercises, massage, hydroprocedures, etc. are widely used.

The developed technique is effective for recovery from a stroke, and is also used to prevent heart attacks and strokes.

Bubnovsky’s technique in the treatment of hemorrhagic stroke is to perform certain physical exercises to restore blood circulation of the brain. The main advantage of the complexes developed by the doctor of medical sciences is that they allow you to return agility to patients. A person who has had a stroke, as the exercises are completed, begins to better control the limbs, which positively affects the functioning of certain segments of the brain.

In the first stages, the duration of the training is 20 minutes. All exercises are performed with the help of an assistant. The load exerted on the body is passive. As soon as the patient has the first signs of improvement, the duration of the sessions increases. A person begins to perform more complex exercises that will help him return to a normal lifestyle.

The Bubnovsky technique is a combination of physical activity and interaction with specialized simulators. Exercise helps to normalize blood circulation in the affected area of ​​the brain and improve the functioning of cognitive functions. One of the advantages of this therapy is that the patient does not need to use any additional medications, i.e.

  1. Electrical myostimulation. This procedure has proven itself in the treatment of people with various pathologies of the central nervous system and central nervous system. Electrodes are attached to the patient’s body in a certain way, and then impulses are sent to the muscles through them. Muscle fibers contract in the same way as during physical activity. For stroke patients, this procedure strengthens the muscular corset and prevents the development of stable gait disorders.
  2. Transcranial magnetic stimulation. This procedure has a similar effect on the body as the previous one. But here, instead of muscle fibers, impulses are sent to the cerebral cortex.
  3. Massotherapy.
  4. Intracellular stimulation. It is carried out by introducing special acids and trace elements into the body.
  5. Therapy position. After an attack, patients can often fold their arms or legs in only one position. This is harmful to the muscles, so doctors put the limbs in other positions.
  6. Heat treatment. It is carried out using paraffin. First, the doctor must find out how a person reacts to heat. If the patient cannot tolerate the effects of high temperatures, this procedure is not used.

Almost all the exercises used in the Bubnovsky technique can be performed independently at home. But immediately after discharge, a person will need the help of an assistant or relative to perform some of the following actions:

  • Raising legs up lying on your back. Lower limbs must be held in position 15 seconds. Hands should be straight and extended along the body. It is also advisable to straighten the legs, but if the level of physical preparation of the patient does not allow this, they may be slightly bent at the knees.
  • Rise from the heels. At the beginning of the exercise, the patient should sit on his heels. During inspiration, he rises a little, makes a circle with his hands, and then returns to his heels.
  • Walking on the buttocks. The patient sits on the floor, stretches his legs in front of him, and then begins to move, using only the muscles of the buttocks.
  • The bridge with closed legs.
  • Cat. The patient becomes on all fours, and then, when inhaling, begins to bend in the back, and when exhaling returns. Another variation of this exercise is moving the body back and forth.
  • Makhi leg resting on a chair. The patient holds his hand on the chair, and begins to wave his foot back and forth.

At the initial stages, it is enough to repeat the exercises 5-6 times. Ideally, you need to bring the number of repetitions of the dose to one approach. As the patient’s condition improves, these exercises should turn into a full-fledged training.

The main advantage of the rehabilitation program developed by Bubnovsky is that patients do not need to take all kinds of medicines. As for the cons, they are the appearance of the effect. It is necessary to perform exercises for at least 6 months in order to notice visible improvements. Also, not all patients are suitable for such exercises, because

5d0ab9c57da065d0ab9c57da4b - Exercises after a stroke according to the Bubnovsky technique

A stroke is an acute violation of cerebral circulation, which is always associated with damage to certain areas of the brain. The volume and nature of the disorders depend on the location of the focus, but in most patients, motor and speech functions are primarily affected. Extensive strokes confine a person to bed, depriving him of the opportunity to independently get up, walk, eat, and independently serve himself.

The main rehabilitation method after a stroke is kinesitherapy, or “treatment through movement”. There are a lot of options for exercises to recover from acute cerebrovascular accident, and one of the methods of alternative medicine is Dr. Bubnovsky’s kinesitherapy.

Doctor of Medical Sciences Sergey Bubnovsky has developed a unique system of therapy using movements

Full rehabilitation after a stroke is impossible without physiotherapy exercises. Proper exercises contribute to the return of limb functions, help to restore their agility and clarity of movement. With a favorable course of the disease, treatment with kinesitherapy can begin in the first days after a stroke. At the beginning of the exercise takes no more than 20 minutes a day, while they are performed with the help of an assistant, that is, they are passive.

The method of rehabilitation of Bubnovsky is based on physical activity with the use of specially designed simulators. A set of exercises helps to restore blood circulation in the lesion and trigger recovery processes in the brain tissue. Treatment according to the Bubnovsky technique is carried out without the use of drugs, with the active participation of the patient in the rehabilitation process.

In addition to medical gymnastics, the rehabilitation program for Bubnovsky after a stroke includes:

  • Transcranial magnetic stimulation – in a non-invasive way, magnetic impulses are sent to the cerebral cortex, which contribute to the activation of the parts of the brain responsible for motor functions.

Stimulation of the cerebral cortex using short magnetic pulses

  • Electrical myostimulation — impulses are sent through electrodes attached to the patient’s body to help contract muscles as they contract while walking. This method helps to strengthen the patient’s muscles and serves as prevention of unnatural gait.
  • Intracellular stimulation to restore pharyngeal function and return speech.
  • Position therapy – in a patient after a stroke, the limbs often take one fixed position, thereby exacerbating muscle hypertonicity. To relax tense arms and legs, laying in special poses is used.
  • Heat treatment with paraffin baths.
  • Massotherapy.

after stroke - Exercises after a stroke according to the Bubnovsky technique

Most exercises can be performed at home. At the initial stages, the patient will need help, since it will be difficult to independently carry out the proposed tasks.

  • Starting position – sitting on your heels. On inspiration, you should rise, make circular movements with your hands and return to the original position.
  • Standing sitting on a chair. Hands should be placed on the stomach with palms, long exhalations are made through tightly compressed lips.
  • Lying on the back, legs bent at the knees, arms thrown behind the head. Exercises are performed on the abs, while the legs should remain pressed to the floor.
  • Lying on the floor, with straightened legs and arms along the body, the pelvis rises up to the maximum possible height. It is advisable to keep your legs closed.
  • Sitting on the floor, you should move around the room using the muscles of the buttocks.
  • Standing near the chair, resting your hand on its back with your right hand, you need to perform swings with the left foot back and forth. After graduation, the same thing is done with the other leg.
  • In the position on all fours, back-and-forth movements are made, like the “tail wagging”. The back should be relaxed.
  • Standing on all fours, the body moves forward without lifting the limbs off the floor. This exercise perfectly develops balance.
  • Lying on your back, legs rise up and linger for a few seconds. Legs should be straight and arms extended along the body.

The “drawback” of kinesitherapy is the need for regular and lengthy training

Like any other technique, the Bubnovsky rehabilitation program has advantages and disadvantages. The advantages include the versatility of the method – it is suitable for the treatment of many diseases and injuries; safety, since it does not involve the use of drugs; lack of restrictions on gender and age;

Stroke Recovery Exercises

Initially, they are passive in nature, that is, exercises on a paralyzed limb are performed by a doctor or assistant. After a slight improvement, you need to switch to active exercises when exercise therapy for a stroke is performed by the patient on their own (first lying in bed, then moving into a sitting position and then standing) .

Initially, they are passive in nature, that is, exercises on a paralyzed limb are performed by a doctor or assistant.

After a slight improvement, you need to move on to active exercises, when exercise therapy for stroke is performed by the patient on their own (first lying in bed, then moving into a sitting position and after standing).

Unfortunately, strokes in our country are being diagnosed more and more often and they affect not only older people, but also relatively young ones. About 80% of all diagnosed strokes are ischemic strokes, which are a little easier and rehabilitation after them is faster.

The normal functioning of the body can be restored to a person thanks to exercise therapy, which is very effective, according to doctors. The most famous is the treatment program according to the method of Dr. Bubnovsky, which is actively used in practice.

The doctor independently developed a theory according to which it is possible to fully restore the motor function of a person by performing a set of exercises of Dr. Bubnovsky.

To speed up the process, you can also use special Bubnovsky simulators, which have passed all the necessary checks and comply with all medical requirements. They can be used not only in specialized centers, but also at home.

One of the most important methods of effective rehabilitation are exercises for recovery after a stroke, without which it is impossible to achieve the best results. It is necessary to approach their implementation responsibly and to observe systematicity.

The recovery process is quite long and the patient needs to choose exercises after a stroke at home after discharge from the medical institution in which first aid was provided. Often during the recovery period, patients experience astheno-depressive syndrome, which is manifested by irritability and apathy.

Close ones need to approach this state with understanding, and try to support the person. It is necessary to try to raise his spirit and instill faith and hope that the efforts made will be useful and return to normal life. You also need to make sure that the doctor’s recommendations are strictly observed, since negligence in this matter is simply unacceptable.

The most important condition for the restoration of all lost functions is proper rehabilitation after a stroke at home. Exercises for the patient should be scheduled, starting from the first day after the attack and over time, this complex changes depending on what improvements are present in the patient’s condition. On the website of Dr. Bubnovsky, you can find information and exercises for recovery from a stroke that will be useful to the patient.

Our brain has a huge number of neural connections. As a result of a stroke, whole areas of it are affected that are responsible for certain functions of the human body. Doctors prescribe medications that will help relieve inflammation and protect neurons that have remained unscathed.

The patient, even having completely lost the ability to move, can do mental physical training before he will be able to exercise after a stroke at home. It will help the body recover much faster and regain its former activity.

Even if a man or woman has ceased to feel any part of the body, they can consciously give her clear commands that stimulate movement, imagining how this happens. Such exercises can bring great benefits to the body, and the correction will occur many times faster.

Thought is a powerful tool for influencing the body. With its help, you can do exercises after a stroke at home, even when there is currently no physical capacity for this.

With the help of simulators for recovery from a stroke, you can significantly speed up the process of recovery and rehabilitation. They can be used from the first days after stabilization of the patient’s condition. Their disadvantage is that they are quite expensive and their use is usually limited by the conditions of the hospital.

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What you need to do in conjunction with exercises for a speedy recovery:

  1. Speech restoration is one of the priority tasks for the patient, exercises with a speech therapist and stem cell injections will be very useful.
  2. Recovering memory is also an important condition for returning to a full life. Fingering games, learning poetry and returning to past memories in a warm atmosphere of understanding and support from loved ones will help you cope with this task faster.
  3. The restoration of articulation is performed using a set of exercises for the muscles of the neck and face, as well as their massage. Speech therapy classes are also held to help restore the function of the vocal apparatus and train it.

Restoring the body after a stroke is a long and responsible process. It is necessary to go through it in order to regain the lost health and capabilities of the body, approaching the matter responsibly, since lost time can lead to irreversible consequences.

The program for recovering memory after a stroke at home should be a neuropsychologist. In his recommendations, he draws on the results of an observation to identify the affected hemisphere.

As you know, the right is responsible for creative abilities, the left – for logical thinking. Therefore, in the first case, these may be drawing tasks. In the second – feasible puzzles.

Fine motor skills related to the performance of simple movements are well developed:

knitting (some men begin to knit during the rehabilitation period);

handwriting (without the help of a computer or typewriter);

first drawing large images with the addition of subsequently increasingly finer details;

assembly of various designs from the details of the children’s designer;

modeling from plasticine (or other suitable material).

The presence of a weak memory in a patient is one of the symptoms of his disease. Training this function is part of the rehabilitation program. But the affected family needs to be insured.

His forgetfulness can cause a violation of the schedule of the treatment and rehabilitation course. In particular, delays in the timely administration of drugs. As a result, the risk of a repeated stroke will increase sharply with the most sad consequences.

Memory problems, as a consequence of the “blow”, are also accompanied by increased irritability and weakness. They also persist for quite a long time.

The technique of Dr. Bubnovsky

VIDEO 2: Instructions (3 exercises for everyone from Sergey Bubnovsky).

In our video section, you can learn how to prevent complications after a stroke, as well as the symptoms and causes of this ailment.

  • Get on all fours, focusing on your knees and palms. In this position, you need to move very slowly around the room until the pain in the spine begins to subside.
  • Before performing, it is recommended to wrap the knees with a bandage, during this exercise you need to breathe deeply.
  • Steps must be done smoothly and stretched. When moving forward the left foot – the right hand should also go forward, and vice versa.

Next, a set of exercises is performed, which helps to get rid of pinched nerves in the area of ​​the intervertebral discs, and can also be used to improve the stretching of the intervertebral discs of the thoracic region:

  1. Take the body position as in the above exercise. On a deep exhale, gently bend upward, exhaling – bend in the opposite direction. Repeat about 20 times. With the manifestation of acute pain, it is necessary to reduce the number of repetitions of the exercise to 15.
  2. The position described earlier. Get on all fours, while trying to maximize the body forward. Sagging in the back during this exercise is impossible. This exercise is also used to stretch the spine.
  3. Taking a deep breath – bend your arms at your elbows, while exhaling – slowly fall down. The next inhalation is to rise smoothly, exhale is to straighten your arms and slowly lower yourself to the foot, try to stretch the muscles in the lumbar region. Repeat the exercise as many times as necessary.
  4. Lying on your back, place your arms along the torso. Take a deep breath, while exhaling, tear off the pelvic part of the body from the floor. Try to make a semi-bridge. On inspiration, slowly return the body to its original position. Perform the exercise must be smoothly 15 times.

Before performing gymnastics, a mandatory consultation with a specialist is necessary.

If you perform this set of exercises in the correct technique, the pain in the spine that causes scoliosis will be eliminated, the tone of the muscles supporting the spine will be increased:

  1. Kneeling, bend your elbows. The head is looking forward. Take a deep breath, while exhaling, slowly move the body weight to the heels, bending forward. Repeat this exercise 20 times.
  2. The position of the body is the same as described above. Knees together, slowly lower the pelvis to the left, then to the right with the further return of the body to its original position.
  3. Kneeling, bending the lower back while taking a deep breath and raising his head. As you exhale, lower your head and slowly return the body to its original position. Perform up to 20 times. Throughout the duration of this exercise, pain should not occur in the spine.
  4. Pushups. Lying on the floor, focus on your knees (not full push-ups). In this position of the body, it is necessary to perform flexion and extension of the arms. Perform 25 times in 3 sets.

Today, expanders are a universal shell, which is available in almost every house and at the same time takes up quite a bit of space. But few people know that they were originally designed for restoration purposes.

A set of stretching exercises with an expander allow you to develop back muscles:

  1. Hold the expander firmly in your hands. Bump into it, then bend smoothly at an angle of 90 degrees. Return to starting position. Repeat from 20 times, further increasing the number of repetitions.
  2. Sitting on a chair, we fix the expander in the lower part of the legs. Then we begin to pull it on ourselves. You need to pull, how much strength is enough. Approaches for each patient are selected individually.
  3. The expander is tightly fixed to the wall. Get up close to the wall, holding the ends tightly in your hands. Slowly pull the expander to the chest, the back should be straight during the exercise, the legs spaced slightly wider than the shoulders. Perform several approaches 5-6 times.

After the first positive results, the patient can move on to home training.

All exercises are performed in a strictly prescribed dosage:

  1. Lying on your back, hold on to a stationary, stable support with your hands. The rubber expander must be fixed on one leg. Gently lower the foot with the expander to the floor until it touches the heel. The exercise must be repeated 15-20 times for each leg.
  2. Everything is the same as described in the exercise above, only both legs are fixed with a tape. The exercise is done 5-6 times for 2-3 approaches.
  3. Lying on the chest with your feet against the floor, one leg is fixed with an expander. Smoothly understand the leg and bend it at the knee joint. Exercise for each leg to perform 20 times.
  4. Walking on all fours with a wide step. Moving in this way must be extremely slow and it is necessary to take steps as widely as possible. The duration of the exercise is from 5 to 30 minutes.
  5. Lie on your stomach on a high bench holding on to its edge, lower your legs below the level of the bench, slightly bending at the knees. Raise legs in turn, while taking deep breaths and exhalations. Perform 10-20 times, 2-3 sets.

In the “Center of Dr. Bubnovsky” rehabilitation after a stroke is carried out according to the developed author’s technique, the basic principle of which is therapy without the use of medications. Kinesitherapy (motion treatment), breathing exercises, massage, hydroprocedures, etc. are widely used.

Today, many cities have free schools for relatives of stroke patients. Do not despair if someone in the family has suffered from this disease. Yes, the situation is difficult. A misfortune happened with a loved one. But you need to know that in the country for such families there is a system of information support.

In these institutions, consultants first conduct a detailed survey of who will care for the patient about the condition of the victim:

what parts of the body are susceptible to pathology;

is there any possibility of movement without outside help;

whether the speech returned to him;

what functions in everyday life he can perform independently.

Relatives of the patient to themselves are studying the recommended special physical exercises for the victim. They also have the opportunity to familiarize themselves with the necessary care methods:

ways to turn from a sick side to a healthy one and vice versa;

assisting in the adoption of a sitting position;

performing the first movements of the affected limb.

This knowledge is necessary for relatives to treat the patient in the very first days of his stay at home. In order not to lose time, you can start to master them at a time when he is still undergoing treatment in a hospital. In addition, in the hospital, many small useful household tricks can be borrowed from doctors – neurologists and physical therapy instructors.

In the future, the school is connected to the treatment course of doctors of ergo- and kinesi therapists. The restoration of body functions through directed motor activity, special exercises, positive emotions and communication with other people are well-established methods of rehabilitation.

I would like to advise the patient’s relatives to pay special attention to the methodology of the professor, MD Bubnovsky S.M. and breathing exercises Strelnikova A.N.

According to the results of the examination of the patient, these doctors will give his family the necessary advice on the use of small rehabilitation at home.

5d0ab9c5b5daf5d0ab9c5b5dea - Exercises after a stroke according to the Bubnovsky technique

Helplessness greatly affects the psyche of the patient. Therefore, after a stroke at home, one of the important tasks is to teach the victim self-care techniques and to ensure some independence from other family members.

If one of the limbs of the shoulder girdle is damaged, the patient is assisted in its development. At the same time, training is underway to perform functions that are unusual for her with a healthy hand.

Achieving limited, but nevertheless, autonomy positively affects primarily the victim himself. Pets, as a rule, try to help him in everything.

In the early days, perhaps this is necessary. But there is a fine line, having crossed that you can begin to slow down the healing process with your excessive caution in the future.

Bubnovsky gymnastics with osteochondrosis

First you need to make the right diagnosis, which will help an experienced specialist.

The exercises described below relieve painful spasms of the spine, make the cervical vertebrae more mobile:

  1. Facing the mirror, arms are lowered and relaxed. Lower your head down for a few seconds, then go up, then return to its original position. You need to try to reach the chin to the chest. Perform 15 times.
  2. To stand facing the mirror, as described above, to tilt the head to the left to the right, lingering on each side for 10 seconds. Perform the exercise until you feel tired.
  3. Perform head rotations as far as possible, on each side the head lingers for 10 seconds. Perform slowly 10 times.
  4. Sit on a chair, keeping your back straight, head looking forward. Slowly straighten your arms and pull them back, while reclining your head. Repeat the exercise 10 times.

Expanded Spine Exercise

In the rehabilitation period, gymnastics should be started with the development of the fingers of the fingers for flexion and extension, rotation in the wrist joints, flexion-extension of the hands in the elbow joints, shoulder joints.

5d0ab9c5d997c5d0ab9c5d99b8 - Exercises after a stroke according to the Bubnovsky technique

For the legs, gymnastics after a stroke is also right to start with flexion and extension of the fingers, passing to the knee, and after the hip joints.

If there are no contraindications, it is possible to start exercises after a stroke, on day 5, even if the patient is against.

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Leg exercises

During rehabilitation at home, if you yourself cannot bend or straighten your leg, then at first the assistant should do this. And at runtime, you mentally do the same movements (passive gymnastics).

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After the patient has a partial movement in the leg, you can do the gymnastics yourself or partially with an assistant (active gymnastics).

  1. I.p. sit down (lie down) on the floor, legs straight (stretched forward). With your feet on the floor, bend your knees, and bend them back to their original position.
  2. I.p. the same. Alternately take your legs to the side, sliding your heels on the floor.
  3. I.p. also. Lift the right straight leg and put it on the left. Return to I.P. And the same thing to do with the other foot.
  4. I.p. also. Bending the right leg in the knee pull it to the chest. Return to I.P. Then pull the left knee to the chest.
  5. I.p. lying on the stomach, toes rest on the floor. Try to raise your knees above the floor.
  6. In a prone position, crawl in a plastussky way.
  7. I.p. sitting on a chair. Put your feet on your heels, and then move them to your toes.
  8. I.p. Also. Put your feet on your toes: spread and lower your heels. Now put your feet on your heels: open and lower your socks.
  9. Throw a sore leg to a healthy one and rotate the ankle joint.

After a stroke, to restore motor activity for the hands, exercises must be performed daily once or twice a day. If the arm is paralyzed, then the assistant helps the exercises. Movements are performed alternately with each hand.

  1. Squeeze a rubber massage ball, pressing it with fingers to a palm.
  2. Slightly bend the arm at the elbow to raise it, then lower it.
  3. Perform rotational movements of the hand to the right and left.
  4. Raise your arm bent at the elbow. Squeeze fingers into a fist and unclench.
  5. Move your fingers.
  6. Place your palm on a table or other surface. Turn the palm of your hand up.
  7. Clench your fist, raise your thumb (other fingers are clenched) and open your palm.
  8. Clench your fist and lay it on a table or other surface. Unclench your fist with your palm on the table.
  9. Clutch your fist and lay it on the table. Unclench your fist by placing your palm “edge” on the table.
  10. Put two palms on the table. Now turn the brushes with palms up.
  11. Open the palm of one hand at the same time and clench the other palm in a fist.
  12. Alternately connect the thumb with the index, middle, ring fingers and little finger.
  13. Try to straighten your index and middle fingers. The remaining fingers are pressed at this time.
  14. Now straighten your index finger and little finger. The remaining fingers are pressed at this time.

We offer you to watch a video with a set of exercises for stroke, which is designed for the second and third recovery periods.

For the legs, gymnastics after a stroke is also right to start with flexion and extension of the fingers, passing to the knee, and after the hip joints.

Leg exercises

  1. I.p. sit down (lie down) on the floor, legs straight (stretched forward). With your feet on the floor, bend your knees, and bend them back to their original position.
  2. I.p. the same. Alternately take your legs to the side, sliding your heels on the floor.
  3. I.p. also. Lift the right straight leg and put it on the left. Return to I.P. And the same thing to do with the other foot.
  4. I.p. also. Bending the right leg in the knee pull it to the chest. Return to I.P. Then pull the left knee to the chest.
  5. I.p. lying on the stomach, toes rest on the floor. Try to raise your knees above the floor.
  6. In a prone position, crawl in a plastussky way.
  7. I.p. sitting on a chair. Put your feet on your heels, and then move them to your toes.
  8. I.p. Also. Put your feet on your toes: spread and lower your heels. Now put your feet on your heels: open and lower your socks.
  9. Throw a sore leg to a healthy one and rotate the ankle joint.

Surgery to remove a hernia of the spine, diagnosis. Exercises for hernia of the spine. Bubnovsky.

With the correct exercise technique, the displaced intervertebral discs will return to their places, and the hernia will begin to decrease over time, until it disappears completely:

  1. Sitting on the floor or on a chair, make traction movements with the help of expanders. The exercise must be repeated about 25 times.
  2. If the expanders are attached from above, traction can be done to the chest or chin, if from below, then to the knees or chest.
  3. Sitting on the floor, stretch your legs. Take a deep breath and exhale grab your toes with your feet. This exercise must be repeated from 20 times.
  4. Lie on your back and try to have straight legs behind your head. In the future, try to touch the socks of the floor. Repeat the exercise about 20 times.
  5. Lie on your back. Relax your spinal muscles. Take deep breaths as you exhale group (try to raise your legs and torso, then you need to bring your elbows and knees together). Perform 10-20 times.
  6. Lie on your side. With the hand that lies under the body (on the floor), emphasize the floor. Take a deep breath. As you exhale, pull your knees to your chest. For each side, the exercise must be performed about 20 times.

Description of the method

  1. massages of arms and legs;
  2. physiotherapeutic treatment with D-Arsonval currents;
  3. ergoterpia;
  4. magnetotherapy.

As a result of rupture of blood vessels in the brain, a person who has suffered a stroke may lose the motor functions of his hands and feet, he may have speech disorders.

Timely and proper rehabilitation after a stroke will help fully or partially restore the patient’s previous condition. You need to start it as soon as possible so as not to miss the time.

The most important component of a rehabilitation plan is exercise therapy after a stroke, which, in combination with taking medications, will help restore normal motor activity.

In addition to taking medications that reduce tissue swelling in the affected area and have a neuroprotective effect on brain tissue that survived the attack, patients and their families need to know what is the therapeutic effect of exercise therapy after a stroke. It is selected individually, depending on the severity of the patient’s condition and those opportunities that he has preserved.

With the help of physiotherapy exercises, it is possible to correct and eliminate disorders of the motor apparatus, accelerate the restoration of articulation and memory, and also eliminate the neurological deficit that occurs after a vascular catastrophe.

Rehabilitation with exercise therapy after a stroke begins with the preparatory period. This is the time when you can’t immediately proceed to active physical actions, and in some cases it is simply impossible.

What does the preparatory period for LFK consist of, what events does it include:

  • Giving the body the correct position in the early stages of the recovery period is very important. A frequent change in his position is welcome, which is the prevention of pressure sores and the creation of sustainable post-stroke contractures.
  • Passive exercises that can be done for different muscle groups and joints. They are not performed by the patient himself, but by the person who is with him. This is a set of actions for flexion-extension, circular movements, as well as cast-lead limbs.
  • Gymnastics for proper breathing includes exercises to develop the lungs.
  • Thought exercises are designed to restore lost muscle memory.
  • Massage and passive exercise after a stroke are very important in the rehabilitation period. They improve blood circulation, are the prevention of congestion in the body and help the patient feel their body, preparing it for active exercise therapy.

Performing exercise therapy after a stroke has a number of features, there are rules, compliance with which is important to obtain a positive result:

  • Listen to the recommendations of the attending physician, since he has information on what loads are useful during the rehabilitation period and will prescribe an effective set of exercises based on the capabilities and needs of the patient’s body.
  • Overfatigue and excessive stress is unacceptable, since it will do more harm than good.
  • Do not neglect skin warming before performing exercises at the initial stage.
  • Compliance with the systematic nature of the classes is an important condition for the effectiveness of exercise therapy for stroke.
  • Patience and understanding of the patient’s mood will help to correct the depressive state, which is often present in patients after a stroke.

Performing a set of exercises at home, you can significantly speed up the recovery period. Before proceeding to advanced exercises, you need to start with deflection and balance. Then you can start walking, pull-ups, coups, squats and bends. In a person who has had a stroke, exercise should become an integral part of life, like breathing, eating and sleeping.

Do the exercises prescribed by the doctor, read books and watch a video on the theme of recovery from a stroke. This will help you deal with its consequences faster and easier. Give yourself a positive mental attitude for a speedy and complete recovery.

  • Learn to breathe properly.
  • Compliance with exercise techniques.
  • Know the order of the exercises and adhere strictly to it.
  • The use of additional therapeutic measures (massage, pool, etc.).
  • Refusal of medicines.

The advantages of using restorative gymnastics Bubnovsky:

  • The correct load on all the muscles of the spine and a charge of vivacity and good mood.
  • Sufficient oxygen supply to all organs, joints and ligaments in the body due to the acceleration of recovery processes.
  • Increased joint mobility, improved appearance.
  • Most exercises do not require specific sports equipment, so you can do it at home.

Bubnovsky gymnastics for knee joints

The presented set of exercises by Bubnovsky improves the functioning of the entire musculoskeletal system, strengthens muscles and improves blood circulation:

  1. Crush the ice, wrap it in a cloth and tie it on your knees. Gently kneel down and walk as much as you can. At first it will be very painful and difficult, but the pain will gradually pass. For the first time it will be enough to do 2 steps, then every day the steps need to be increased.
  2. Sitting on the floor with outstretched legs, try to grab the toe and pull it towards you. Exercise stretches the knee joints and nourishes the tissues with oxygen.
  3. Legs are wider than shoulders, holding hands for support, squat with a flat back. The knees should be at an angle of 90 degrees. Squats need to be increased with each approach, gradually reaching 100.
  4. Kneeling hands stretched forward. On exhalation, it is necessary to descend smoothly between the feet. Do the exercise 30 times.

Gymnastics on the simulator Bubnovsky (MTB)

The Bubnovsky simulator (hereinafter MTB) was created to restore the musculoskeletal function of the spine and joints. It allows you to stretch the spine and strengthen the muscular frame.

The use of MTB is effective in such diseases:

  • osteochondrosis;
  • knee disease
  • diseases of the genitourinary system;
  • rehabilitation period after heart attacks, strokes.

A few exercises on MTB:

  • Sitting on the floor rest against the wall with your hands, grab the handle of the simulator with your hands. Raise your arms while leaning forward. With proper execution, the spine will stretch, the back flex, the scapula will converge.
  • While sitting on the floor, hold the handle of the simulator with your hands, pull the handle towards yourself, while bending your elbows.
  • Sitting with your back to the simulator, hold the handle with a sick hand, lifting it up as much as possible.

Charging for the elderly

All exercises described below should be carried out in a ventilated room:

  1. Push-ups from any high surface (table, chair, wall, etc.). Helps strengthen the muscles of the spine. Exercise to perform 5-6 times.
  2. Holding the door handle, squat gently. Legs should reach an angle of 90 degrees. When performing the complex, do not forget to keep your posture and breathe deeply. Repeat 5-10 times, 2-3 approaches.
  3. Lying on a bench, hands behind your head, perform a smooth raising of your legs at an angle of 90 degrees, while not forgetting to breathe correctly. Perform 5-10 times in 2 sets.

Svetlana Borszavich

General practitioner, cardiologist, with active work in therapy, gastroenterology, cardiology, rheumatology, immunology with allergology.
Fluent in general clinical methods for the diagnosis and treatment of heart disease, as well as electrocardiography, echocardiography, monitoring of cholera on an ECG and daily monitoring of blood pressure.
The treatment complex developed by the author significantly helps with cerebrovascular injuries and metabolic disorders in the brain and vascular diseases: hypertension and complications caused by diabetes.
The author is a member of the European Society of Therapists, a regular participant in scientific conferences and congresses in the field of cardiology and general medicine. She has repeatedly participated in a research program at a private university in Japan in the field of reconstructive medicine.

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