Knowledge of its first symptoms will help to avoid exacerbation of the disease. These include:
- include edema that appears in the evening and completely disappears in the morning of the next day;
- a feeling of heaviness in the limbs;
- Footiness of legs;
- severe fatigue;
- Cramps in the calf muscles may still bother at night, and later, itchy skin is added to the entire list of unpleasant sensations.
All this refers to the early symptoms. With the development of varicose veins, deformation of the veins can reach a significant degree:
- they protrude strongly over the skin;
- bizarrely convoluted.
It is impossible to ignore both visible symptoms and those that are still at the level of sensations, since all this can lead to serious health problems and complicate the course of pregnancy, childbirth or the postpartum period.
If it is possible to diagnose the problem at an early stage, it will be possible to avoid complications and unpleasant sensations, which, both during pregnancy and in its absence, are undesirable.
First of all, you should consult a specialist, since self-treatment of any ailments during pregnancy can be dangerous. The use of traditional medicine without consulting a doctor is also undesirable, since many herbs have a negative effect on the body in which the fetus develops.
If varicose veins do not have time to progress, then you can lower the pressure in the lower extremities using simple procedures. So, it follows:
- avoid strong loads on the lower limbs and, if possible, eliminate everything that interferes with proper blood circulation, for example, shoes with high heels;
- wear special tights or stockings, which can be purchased at the pharmacy. It was also found that wearing compression underwear contributes to a significant acceleration of blood circulation in the legs and is beneficial in case of a problem with the expansion of veins.
- install a roller at night, which allows you to raise your legs. This facilitates the outflow of blood;
- use an elastic bandage for the legs, which is applied according to the following principle: each new turn should lie on the previous one so that there is no gap between them. It is necessary to move from the foot up.
Varicose veins during pregnancy are a common problem that almost every woman faces. The disease is characterized by pathological expansion of the superficial veins during the violation of local blood circulation. In addition, chronic venous insufficiency and improper lifestyle are provoking factors in the development of pathology.
Identifying signs of varicose veins is not difficult enough. You can notice the appearance of heaviness in the legs, swelling, the formation of vascular networks on the legs. If such symptoms appear, consult a doctor. The specialist will recommend the most optimal treatment or prophylaxis option, which will help to avoid serious complications after childbirth.
According to the WHO, one out of every three women in pregnancy experiences varicose veins in their legs. In some cases, the cause is venous insufficiency and a sedentary lifestyle before pregnancy. In other cases, non-compliance with the recommendations of the doctor. In addition, one should take into account the change in the hormonal background, which does not always favorably affect the state of the body.
Experts strongly recommend that you consult with a phlebologist before planning a pregnancy or in its early stages. This will allow you to get comprehensive information on the prevention of varicose veins and its early elimination.
The absence of venous insufficiency or varicose veins before pregnancy is often not a guarantee that it will not appear during it. For a future mother, it is important from the first trimester to pay attention to the prevention of varicose veins and follow all the doctor’s recommendations.
Experts indicate the following reasons provoking the development of pathology during pregnancy:
- hereditary predisposition to venous insufficiency and varicose veins;
- increased body weight, due to which an additional load on the lower limbs is created;
- sedentary lifestyle, work associated with prolonged sitting;
- violation of venous pressure, which is accompanied by an increase in blood volume;
- frequent hormonal disorders with a change in the concentration of progesterone;
- improperly selected shoes, wearing too tight or high heels.
Specialists in the field of vascular surgery and phlebology claim that each subsequent pregnancy increases the risk of developing varicose veins threefold. If the first signs of the disease are noticed in time, they can be effectively eliminated with the help of local therapy, as a rule, these are venotonics in the form of a gel or ointments. They strengthen the vascular wall, prevent the further development of the disease and do not have a negative effect on the fetus.
The difficulty in treating varicose veins during pregnancy is the contraindications for taking medications. Almost all drugs are not recommended, therefore, the tactics of therapy are selected as carefully as possible.
The same applies to traditional medicine, which the future mother seems extremely safe and effective. Uncontrolled use of them can cause no less harm than using medicines. As a rule, with varicose veins, doctors try to resort to conservative methods based on the use of local drugs, physiotherapeutic procedures and therapeutic exercises.
Topical preparations – venotonics, are available in the form of a gel or ointment. Such drugs have an anti-inflammatory effect, strengthen the walls of the veins, improve blood drainage from the lower extremities, and reduce the severity of pain and swelling. They do not adversely affect the fetus and the health of the expectant mother.
Additionally, wearing compression underwear — pantyhose, knee-highs, and stockings — is prescribed. A phlebologist will help you choose the most optimal knitwear option. Compression underwear will reduce pressure on the lower limbs and increase the effectiveness of local products. The main goal of therapy is to resume normal blood circulation.
In addition, it is recommended to adhere to a special diet, which involves the rejection of foods with a high salt content – smoked meats, pickles, marinade. Also, spicy foods and seasonings will need to be removed from the diet.
Pay attention to physical activity. During pregnancy, gentle and peaceful sports are recommended – swimming, yoga, walking.
Varicose veins during pregnancy – a disease that every second woman is in a “position”. The treatment of varicose veins should be started immediately after its first signs, it itself will not pass, and delay can create dangerous complications not only for a pregnant woman, but also for the unborn child.
Varicose veins during pregnancy do not occur simultaneously, but develops within a few months. During the course of pregnancy, any woman carefully listens to the signals that the body gives her. This system of communication between a mother and her baby is created by nature in order for the child to develop with maximum comfort and safety. Therefore, the appearance of certain symptoms should alert the woman and understand that it is necessary to seek medical help:
- an increase and change in the shape of the labia, their swelling. The color of the mucous membranes always changes color during pregnancy to a darker one. But excessive deformation or increased asymmetry of the external genital organs should be alarming. Images of permissible changes in the labia during pregnancy can be found on various medical forums or sites dedicated to this topic, or consult a doctor about this. It is always better to play it safe to ensure safety for yourself and your baby. One of the most common mistakes is to believe that after giving birth everything will go away on its own. Properly prescribed treatment in time can quickly eliminate these symptoms.
- Increased dryness of the skin in the groin. Sometimes expectant mothers may complain of burning and tingling sensations in the perineum during the period of gestation. Such feelings bring not so much discomfort as psychological problems and self-doubt.
- Vascular extensions of various configurations appear on the skin: “cones”, “stars”, “reticuli”.
- Pain sensations of varying degrees of intensity appear after urination or defecation, prolonged sitting. All these processes contribute to the flow of blood to the labia and pelvic organs, therefore, if there is any circulatory disturbance in them, then when compressing the nerve endings, pain of varying intensity occurs.
Sometimes such symptoms can mask as other gynecological or dermatological diseases. Only a consultation of qualified doctors (phlebologist, dermatologist, gynecologist, vascular surgeon) can identify problems and choose an individual effective treatment for varicose veins in a pregnant woman.
To prescribe the most effective treatment, you need to find out the full picture of varicose veins of the labia and pelvic organs. For this, it is necessary to carry out a whole range of various laboratory tests and other diagnostic measures:
- biochemical blood test with determination of the level of sex hormones;
- general urine analysis;
- Ultrasound of the labia and pelvic organs;
- Dopplerographic examination of the labia. The essence of this method is to conduct electronic scanning of various parts of the body. Dopplerography shows the condition of the walls of the vessels, the degree of their elasticity and tension, the appearance of blood clots or narrowing of the ducts.
After all the necessary data will be in the hands of doctors, they will decide which treatment will bring the maximum result and will be safe for the child. To maintain and adjust the condition can be applied:
- therapy with the use of medications. It will be either venotonic (substances that strengthen the tone of the veins), or anti-inflammatory and decongestants. Treatment of pregnant women has certain nuances. It is necessary to restore blood circulation in the pelvic organs, given the presence in the womb of the fetus. Therefore, self-medication, especially with traditional medicine, will be an extremely rash step on the part of the future mother. After giving birth, you can set up any experiments on yourself, but during this period you have the responsibility for the life of the unborn child. Therefore, risking self-medication is not necessary. Many herbs that effectively help in the normal state during pregnancy cause an increase in uterine tone and provoke premature detachment of the placenta.
- Surgical Surgery The need for such a step is quite rare, so you should not be afraid that this will happen to you. However, it is necessary to take all measures to prevent the occurrence of this situation. Doctors decide on this method only when there is a threat of infection of a vein expansion or rupture of a vessel during childbirth,
- Causes of varicose veins in pregnant women
- In the groin
- The causes of varicose veins in women “in position”
- The clinical picture of varicose veins and its types
- Basic preventive measures
- Complications of varicose veins during pregnancy
- When is urgent medical attention required?
- Basic preventive measures
Causes of varicose veins in pregnant women
Even if a woman has never had problems with a feeling of heaviness in her legs, from about the middle of the second trimester, venous pressure in the lower extremities begins to increase, and the blood flow velocity in the veins of the legs slows down significantly. There can be many reasons for this (most often they are individual for each woman), although experts distinguish the following:
- underdevelopment or even complete absence of venous valves;
- the size of the fetus;
- a large amount of amniotic fluid;
- tone of the abdominal wall, etc.
In the usual state of non-pregnant women, such diseases practically do not occur. Exceptions are so rare that almost no need to take them into account. At risk are only expectant mothers. It is during the period of bearing the child that the risk of pathology increases literally at times. And only competent pregnancy management by the attending physician, methods of prevention and timely treatment can stop the disease at the stage of its appearance.
The causes of varicose veins during pregnancy can be as follows:
- an increase in uterine volume is a factor in the appearance of tremendous pressure on all organs of the small pelvis and perineum. When the body is weakened by the gestation of the baby, the load on the blood vessels increases significantly.
- At times, the amount of blood that circulates in the body increases. New veins and arteries begin to grow rapidly, the strength of the flow increases. The labia veins do not have time to adapt to so rapidly increasing loads. Most often, after the birth of a child, varicose veins of the labia disappears. But it also happens that the vascular tone does not recover after childbirth, leaving a pathology.
- In the body of a pregnant woman, various hormonal changes occur. The concentration of the hormone progesterone, which is responsible for preparing the body for childbirth and helps the safe course of pregnancy, is constantly increasing. As a result, connective tissues and ligaments in the organs of the small pelvis and lumbar spine are weakened. Progesterone does not act locally, so the connecting apparatus of the veins and arteries also falls under the blow;
- Significantly increases the weight of the woman herself. Regulatory medical indicators during pregnancy – from 9 to 15 kg. This weight accounts for an enlarged uterus, placenta, amniotic fluid and the weight of the fetus, increased blood volume. During the second and third trimester, a variety of malfunctions can occur in the body. Usually the weakest links – the lower limbs and pelvic organs – take the “blow”. After childbirth, as a rule, everything comes back to normal, as with varicose labia, but not always, and therefore treatment should be started in a timely manner. Better yet, prevent varicose veins, then such a problem can generally be avoided.
Specialists, depending on the degree of damage to the veins, the general condition of the patient and the fetus, see two options for the development of events:
- natural birth. Possible when during pregnancy varicose veins of the labia does not create barriers in the birth canal. Then the obstetricians normally take the baby in due time, and after the delivery they continue treatment;
- cesarean section. It is carried out when it is not possible to conduct a natural birth, in situations in which serious extensive lesions of the labia veins are observed, deformation of the birth canal or there is a threat of rupture of damaged vessels in the groin.
A cosmetic defect in the lower extremities can turn into a huge problem with dire consequences.
The expansion of the venous walls in the gestational period requires treatment and compliance with preventive measures to combat the disease.
Stage of varicose veins formation:
- At the beginning of the development of the disease, clinical signs of the disease are absent. Swelling of the limbs may appear. On external examination, a cobweb of small vessels appears.
- The next stage is the deformation of the venous wall: loss of elasticity, compaction and slowing of blood circulation. Pain and increased calf muscle fatigue appear.
The process is aggravated by the influence of the uterus, which increases in size.
The main cause of pathology is an increase in body weight.
However, most pregnant women gain weight. But this does not mean that everyone is diagnosed with a venous disease.
For the development of the process more important reasons and factors are needed.
- Varicose veins in immediate families (hereditary factor);
- Hormonal rearrangement and imbalance;
- Congenital malformations of the venous system;
- Injuries to veins and arteries;
- Chronic liver disease;
- Change in the consistency and density of biological fluid;
- Violation of the hemostatic system.
Venous expansion occurs not only on the legs, but also in the groin and pelvis.
- Intestinal diseases with a tendency to form a difficult bowel movement (constipation);
- Exceeding the permissible body weight (even in an “interesting position”);
- Sedentary lifestyle;
- Work associated with the constant sitting at the desk.
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- Bearing several fruits at the same time or a large weight of the unborn child;
- Numerous pregnancies;
- Inflammation of the appendages;
- Uterine thrombosis;
- Neoplasms in the reproductive organs.
In the groin
- Gynecological pathologies in the complex;
- Protracted hormone therapy;
- A significant number of pregnancies in history;
- Several interruptions of pregnancy at a short time;
- Increased estrogen;
- “Sedentary” professional activity.
- Visually notice an increase or protrusion of blood vessels;
- Assess your symptoms.
In both cases, specialized diagnostics are needed.
A gynecologist, during a routine examination, takes into account the patient’s complaints, and if necessary sends her for an additional examination.
It is important to pay attention to the fact that from the 20th week of gestation to the time of birth, fatigue in the legs is inherent in every second pregnant woman. But this is by no means a symptom of the spread of vascular pathology.
Diagnostic manipulations will confirm or refute the suspicions of the pregnant patient.
The main diagnostic methods are carried out only by a “connoisseur” of veins – a phlebologist. To identify the cause, hardware methods are used:
- Duplex vein scan;
- Ultrasound of blood vessels;
- In severe cases, contrast phlebography.
In addition, the specialist will collect a medical history, take into account complaints and recommend passing the necessary tests.
In order to minimize the appearance of pathology in the gestational period, it is necessary to observe preventive measures:
- Observe the diet of pregnant women, controlling body weight;
- Prefer comfortable shoes;
- Reduce the consumption of harmful products;
- Hiking daily with a fifteen minute break;
- Maintain a diet to eliminate constipation;
- Do not wear jeans or too tight pants;
- To prevent protrusion of the vascular walls with a hereditary predisposition to wear compression underwear;
- To lead a healthy lifestyle without smoking and drinking strong alcoholic beverages.
A popular myth is that varicose veins are almost an obligatory companion of all women in position. However, many women calmly bear a child, not suspecting the possibility of stagnation in the veins. In others, the disease manifests itself only in the later stages or with repeated pregnancies.
What you need to know about varicose veins during pregnancy to successfully resist it, and how to treat it safely?
Statistics inform that up to 50% of expectant mothers face the symptoms of varicose veins, most of them in the late stages. The main “culprits” of the disease during pregnancy are:
- Change in hormonal balance. In the blood of a pregnant woman, the content of the hormone progesterone, which is necessary for safe bearing, increases. Progesterone reduces the tone of the muscle walls of the uterus, and at the same time the walls of the blood vessels.
- An increase in the volume of circulating blood (up to 1,5 times), which increases the likelihood of congestion.
- The pressure of the growing uterus on the deep veins, as a result of which the blood circulation in the legs and pelvic organs is disturbed.
- Changes in the chemical composition of blood, primarily the growth of fibrinogen. This is an important factor in the blood coagulation system, a change in which increases the risk of blood clots. Blood becomes more “viscous”, its flow through the vessels is difficult.
Indirect factors of varicose veins in pregnant women may include:
- Genetic factor. If there were women in the family suffering from varicose veins, they almost certainly passed on the predisposition by inheritance.
- Weight gain, especially rapid weight gain (the circulatory system does not have time to adapt to stress).
- Low physical activity.
- Improper nutrition, insufficient fiber intake.
Blood enters the lower part of the body and limbs through large vessels, and it is there that varicose phenomena begin. Veins do not provide a full blood flow and timely return to the heart. Stagnation occurs, pressure in the veins rises, bursting them from the inside and deforming.
To bear a child is in itself a difficult test for a woman, especially the second half of pregnancy. During this period, the lower body is in constant tension, withstanding considerable loads. Blood vessels can not cope with the bulk of work and burst, this is the main cause of varicose veins in the expectant mothers.
In addition, the blood flow increases to nourish not one organism, but two at once, in some cases three! The uterus increases in volume, pressure increases, which interferes with natural blood flow, this is another important factor that provokes this disease. There are other reasons for the development of the disease:
- rapid increase in body weight, overweight;
- repeated pregnancy;
- lack of exercise, sedentary work;
- changes in the hormonal background;
- hereditary predisposition;
- bad habits;
- long sunbathing.
Also, during pregnancy, all hidden or chronic diseases worsen, so resort to the prevention of the disease. If the problem still occurs, then use our recipes for treatment.
The causes of varicose veins in women “in position”
The initial stages of varicose veins are almost asymptomatic for a woman – outwardly, only a slight deformation of the veins is detected. In this case, by the end of the day, the appearance of edema is possible, which completely disappear by the morning. As a rule, edema is accompanied by a feeling of heaviness, “fullness” of the legs, fatigue.
With a more advanced state, spasms of the calf muscles can occur. Basically, they worry the pregnant woman at night. Further, the disease is exacerbated by severe pain in the legs and itching of the skin, also worse at night.
The next stage in the development of varicose veins is a significant deformation of the veins. In this case, the veins protrude above the skin, they are dilated, sometimes bizarrely curved. It is worth noting that in some cases (even with severe deformation of the veins) a woman may not have unpleasant or painful sensations. At the same time, changes imperceptible to the eyes can often be combined with serious pain symptoms.
As a rule, the reasons for the occurrence or aggravation of this disease during pregnancy are: hormonal changes in the body (which leads to a weakening of the venous wall), increased blood volume in the veins (as a result of which the load on the veins increases significantly), pressure of the growing uterus and fetus, increasing weight a pregnant woman.
Often during pregnancy, not only varicose veins of the lower extremities are observed, but also varicose veins of the labia, vulva, anus (hemorrhoids). If treatment is not completed on time, extensive vulvar varicose veins can lead to rupture of the vein, thereby causing fatal bleeding.
Varicose veins is a pathology of the venous vessels, in which the functioning of the valves of the vein is disrupted and the blood penetrates down. Stagnation appears, blood flow is disturbed, the venous wall loses its elasticity. Enlarged veins become visible to the naked eye. Outwardly through the skin, they resemble dense thick worms with a bluish tinge. At the initial stage, “spider veins” are formed.
The treatment tactics should be well thought out in order to minimize the possible negative impact on the bearing child.
Wearing medical stockings with compression function is the main treatment for varicose veins of pregnant patients.
Stockings and tights perfectly maintain pressure in the vessels, preventing them from protruding. A special linen fabric allows air to pass through, so the feet do not sweat.
Compression products relieve inflammation and fatigue in the legs.
To eliminate the pathology, local drugs are used. These are creams, ointments and special grindings. Chestnut-based drugs are popular. Popular remedies for varicose veins:
- Fastum gel;
- Lyoton gel;
- Diclofenac in the form of a gel.
Oral therapy consists of taking heparin-based anticoagulants to maintain a hemostatic system.
Heparin preparations reduce the risk of blood clots, thinning the blood to the desired consistency.
The use of any drugs for varicose veins during pregnancy should be taken with the utmost seriousness. This is not the case when you can self-medicate. Any remedy must be prescribed by a doctor. Only a specialist will be able to choose a competent combination of means that will give the maximum effect with a minimum of side effects.
In the treatment with drugs is not recommended:
- prolonged exposure to the sun
- visit to the sauna or bath
- cosmetic procedures that cause microtrauma of the skin (peeling, hot waxing, etc.).
- lower limbs. This type is the most common, the leg leads are a support for the whole organism, they have to cope with the load;
- the vagina. Most often diagnosed during the second pregnancy, it is worth the immediate intervention of doctors, because such a pathology can complicate childbirth;
- uterus. This problem is faced by women who have had abortions, have had sexually transmitted infections or are due to a genetic predisposition;
- in the groin. Accompanied by severe pain in this area, interferes with normal walking.
Avoid self-diagnosis and self-medication, think about the future baby, only the doctor will accurately determine the type and course of further actions.
The clinical picture of varicose veins and its types
Pathological expansion of the veins during pregnancy – varicose veins, develops as follows: there is a violation of local blood flow and the functioning of venous valves. At the cellular level, there is a violation of the physiological balance between collagen and fibers of the venous walls, due to which they lose their elasticity, and are also not able to provide normal blood flow.
At the beginning of the development of the pathological process, there are no pronounced symptoms, so the disease is not easy to detect. Pathology can be suspected by the development of the following signs:
- soreness, a feeling of heaviness, fullness and discomfort in the legs;
- the appearance of seizures, often at night;
- the development of puffiness in the evening;
- education on the legs of a red-blue vascular network;
- the appearance on the lower extremities of red spots, which during palpation are characterized by elevated temperature;
- as the disease progresses, you can see a vein that swells and has a blue pronounced hue.
Also a clear sign of varicose veins is considered leg pain, which can be eliminated by taking a horizontal position and raising the legs 30-40 degrees.
Varicose veins during pregnancy can affect not only the lower limbs, but also other organs:
- Varicose veins of the pelvic area. It develops in approximately 25% of pregnant patients. The main symptom is pain in the pelvic organs (uterus, ovaries). Often the pain syndrome is dull, pulling in nature. Drug and surgical treatment is not used. Doctors prescribe preventive methods and regular gynecological monitoring.
- Varicose veins of the uterus. It occurs in about 15-20% of pregnant patients. The main causes of the pathology are genetic predisposition, 2-3 third pregnancy, artificial termination of pregnancy, mainly by the surgical method.
- The expansion of the veins of the labia. Most often develops during the bearing of a second child. In this case, therapy is selected individually. Treatment is carried out in any case, since there is an increased risk of complications during childbirth. Patients with this diagnosis are advised to have a cesarean section.
- Varicose cervix. Pathology is quite rare, leading to fetoplacental insufficiency, which is manifested by a violation of the development of the fetus. When making this diagnosis, treatment begins immediately.
A qualified physician will help determine the course of the pathological process and its exact localization, as well as competent instrumental diagnostics.
As a rule, drug treatment for varicose veins during pregnancy is not prescribed, with the exception of advanced stages of pathology and a clear threat to the fetus. Surgical treatment is completely unacceptable. To avoid complications, do not self-medicate and do not ignore the onset of varicose veins. Timely therapy will avoid many problems associated with this disease.
Basic preventive measures
In order to prevent the development of the disease during pregnancy, it is recommended to read the advice of phlebologists regarding the prevention of varicose veins:
- Pregnant women should refrain from prolonged standing or sitting. This creates an excessive load on the veins of the pelvic organs, as well as on the lower limbs. It is recommended to rest more often lying on one side (preferably on the left) and place a special small pillow under the stomach.
- Moderate physical activity is very useful for improving blood circulation, as well as the mood and well-being of expectant mothers. The selection of exercises should be entrusted to qualified medical personnel, which will take into account the gestational age and characteristics of the woman’s body. The action of simple exercises is aimed at improving blood flow in the veins, eliminating excess load on the lower limbs.
- Comfortable and safe low-heeled shoes should be preferred.
- Refrain from sitting, with legs crossed.
- After a warm bath or shower, you can rinse your feet with cool water.
- Make sure that the weight is within normal limits throughout pregnancy.
- While resting, keep your legs in a raised position.
- You can not take a hot bath and shower, you should refrain from visiting the sauna and bath. It is recommended to give preference to swimming in the pool.
The foot baths with the addition of a decoction of herbs (string, chamomile, peppermint) and essential oils have a positive effect. In the absence of contraindications, a light relaxing foot massage may be recommended.
Having received information on how to treat varicose veins of the lower extremities during pregnancy, you should consult a doctor before using this or that method of therapy.
To answer the question: what to do with varicose veins of the legs during pregnancy will help a phlebologist or a vascular surgeon. In the event that a woman noticed that the inflamed vein has acquired a red tint, symptoms such as severe pain, burning sensation in the left or right leg, as well as an increase in body temperature should immediately call an ambulance.
Prevention of varicose veins is recommended for all patients who do not even have a hereditary predisposition to the disease. Doctors advise to adhere to the following rules:
- to exclude wearing uncomfortable shoes, especially not suitable in size or shape;
- minimize wearing heels in excess of 5 cm;
- not lead a passive lifestyle, play sports;
- during pregnancy, it is recommended to sleep on the left side, in order to avoid increased pressure on the vessels;
- when sitting on a chair, do not cross your legs and sit straight;
- it is necessary to review the diet and eliminate foods that can provoke constipation (prevention of varicose veins of the pelvic area).
When diagnosing varicose veins during pregnancy, do not panic. In many cases, after childbirth, the disease stops progressing, however, subject to the use of local drugs, as well as preventive measures.
If you did not have varicose veins before pregnancy, there is no hereditary predisposition, you do not suffer from overweight, then it will not be difficult for you to carry out all preventive measures.
Useful tips on how to avoid chronic venous insufficiency during pregnancy:
- give preference to shoes with low heels, listen to your feelings, you should be comfortable;
- engage in swimming, this will help not only in the prevention of varicose veins, but also in other diseases. Water treatments are also beneficial for the fetus;
- after 1 trimester, sleep on your left side. So you reduce the pressure on the vein, which is located on the right side;
- do not throw one leg on the other while sitting, it squeezes blood vessels;
- Do not stay in one position for too long, constantly in motion, it is very useful for the baby. Of course, if there are no particular contraindications;
- do not wear tight elastic bands; refuse stockings for a while, with tight elastic band and other pressing wardrobe items;
- watch your diet, avoid sweet, salty, fatty. Chips, soda also leave in the past.
It will be good if during the planning of pregnancy you are examined by a qualified specialist, it will be much easier to prevent or cure small deviations from the norm, because during the gestation of the child most drugs can not be used.
Monitor your body, if any unpleasant symptoms are found, consult a doctor immediately. Then you and your baby will be absolutely healthy.
Complications of varicose veins during pregnancy
The most unpleasant varicose veins occur with localization in the vagina. In addition, in 30-35% of cases, this pathology is accompanied by varicose veins of the legs.
If you do not timely treat the pathological process, the likelihood of developing negative consequences is high:
- Chronic hemorrhoids. Varicose veins of the pelvic area can cause the development of hemorrhoids, internal or external.
- Stagnation in the pelvis. May be accompanied by a number of unpleasant symptoms and adversely affect labor.
- Phlebitis, thrombosis. Lingering varicose veins of the lower extremities, in the absence of therapy, progresses to thrombophlebitis and deep vein thrombosis. It may also be accompanied by the development of trophic ulcers.
Pregnancy is an important stage in the life of every woman. It is necessary to monitor not only the normal development of the fetus, but also the state of health of the expectant mother. Although varicose veins are not a fatal pathology, they can deliver a number of unpleasant complications, including after childbirth. If you suspect a disease, you should seem to a specialist in the field as soon as possible and begin treatment.
When is urgent medical attention required?
Varicose veins are not dangerous in itself, and mainly cause inconvenience only with cosmetic defects. However, neglected cases are fraught with very serious complications, often requiring urgent medical intervention. The most formidable of them include:
- Thrombophlebitis. The formation of a blood clot in the lumen of a vein. The place of the thrombus is sealed by touch, painfully, with hot skin. With deep vein thrombophlebitis, pronounced edema is observed.
- Pulmonary thrombosis. Blockage of both the pulmonary artery itself and its branches may occur. In the latter case, the diagnosis is difficult, since there are no expressed symptoms. Caused by blood clots in the veins of the legs or pelvis.
- Deep vein thrombosis of the lower extremities. Thromboembolism preceding condition. It is treated with anticoagulants (blood thinners), the appointment of elastic compression is mandatory.
- Trophic ulcers. Inflammation of the skin, bones and tendons in the destruction of blood vessels. A long-term process that is burdened by diabetes.
Various infections, such as erysipelas, etc. can join these pathologies.
During pregnancy, you should especially carefully listen to changes in your body. A general or local increase in body temperature, densified painful areas on the skin, a change in its color, severe edema are reasons for urgent medical attention.
If the veins are in good condition and the disease did not manifest itself before pregnancy, all signs will disappear after childbirth. The most effective way to prevent varicose veins in pregnant women is to have a healthy lifestyle, along with simple recommendations for venous tone.
Pregnancy imposes limitations in the treatment of the disease, therefore conservative methods of treating varicose veins are usually used. Surgical methods of intervention are postponed for the period after childbirth, except for the presence of serious medical indications for such.
Basic preventive measures
Safe pregnancy and a decrease in the risk of varicose veins of the labia and pelvic organs can ensure compliance with simple preventive measures:
- do not lift weights;
- use compression medical underwear;
- take a contrast shower – this measure, by the way, is especially effective;
- monitor the condition of the stool, prevent constipation;
- arrange hiking, visit the pool, or perform special physical exercises for pregnant women. The last two methods can be combined, doing water aerobics, under the supervision of a professional instructor.
More information about the prevention of varicose veins can be found here.
Varicose veins during pregnancy – an extremely unpleasant disease for women, not only in the “position”, but also in the usual state. You should always remember that preventing the onset of the disease is much easier than treating it. Well, if the occurrence of pathology could not be avoided, then treatment should be entrusted only to medical specialists.
Detonic – a unique medicine that helps fight hypertension at all stages of its development.
The complex effect of plant components of the drug Detonic on the walls of blood vessels and the autonomic nervous system contribute to a rapid decrease in blood pressure. In addition, this drug prevents the development of atherosclerosis, thanks to the unique components that are involved in the synthesis of lecithin, an amino acid that regulates cholesterol metabolism and prevents the formation of atherosclerotic plaques.
Detonic not addictive and withdrawal syndrome, since all components of the product are natural.
Detailed information about Detonic is located on the manufacturer’s page.