What to do if a vein bursts on the leg why this happens

If the vessel on the leg bursts and blood begins to flow out, a tight bandage is required as soon as possible. The use of a tourniquet is necessary in case of damage to the artery. The leg is placed on a hill so that a reverse outflow of blood through the vein is carried out. For dressing, you can use a clean cloth, gauze, provided that there is no special dressing.

The tissue is folded several times and fixed at the wound site with a bandage. The stop of bleeding indicates the correct performance of the dressing, while the pulse should be felt at the bottom of the bandage. Blood flow can be stopped by bending the leg in the knee joint and fixing this position for several minutes.

If a person is not alone and bursts a vessel on his legs, first aid can be provided to the victim. This must be done correctly, and regardless of whether the vein burst on the arm or leg. If a person undertakes to provide first aid, then actions should occur only in such a way as will be described below, so as not to cause harm.

At the place where the gap occurred, you need to apply some kind of bandage, gauze, bandage, an antiseptic cloth or, in extreme cases, a clean handkerchief.

It is necessary to take any material in large quantities, if it is not at hand, for example, when it happened during training, a shirt, shirt, t-shirt or some other piece of clothing, preferably clean, is suitable. But this is not necessary, since the primary dressing has already been applied and no pollution or harmful bacteria should leak through it.

Clothing or cloth should be carefully, compactly and tightly folded, not lumpy, and put on the damaged area over an existing napkin or scarf.

This dressing should be fixed at the rupture site as tightly and carefully as possible. An elastic bandage is ideal for this, if this is just not at hand, then you can use a simple one. If the situation is completely losing, then a belt from trousers, a belt from clothes, in the most extreme case a long scarf or a dense neckerchief, will do.

After the dressing is carried out, the patient must be placed horizontally, and his injured leg should be raised as high as possible, fixing with a support.

A cold compress should be applied to the site of damage, but it cannot be held for too long, one application should not be more than 15 minutes.

If the patient feels only worse, and the bleeding does not stop, then the countdown goes on for minutes, you can’t hesitate to call an ambulance, because this can be fatal.

Most often, the veins burst on the legs, because it is the lower limbs that can withstand significant loads. They “carry” the whole body and the weights that a person takes in his hands. In addition, it is in the legs that the blood circulation process is especially complex, since the blood must circulate not only down, but also rise up.

But the main reason why the vein on the leg can burst is the fragility and weakness of the vessels. This occurs under the influence of such factors:

  • Phlebeurysm. In this case, stagnation occurs, blood accumulates in one place, forming nodules.
  • Hormonal imbalance.
  • Pregnancy and obesity – excessive body weight squeezes the circulatory system, stopping blood circulation.
  • Leg injuries.
  • Vitamin deficiency and lack of other useful substances in the body leads to weakness of the walls of the veins.
  • Hereditary factor and congenital vascular disorders.
  • Frostbite and burns.
  • Wearing uncomfortable shoes.
  • Menopause.
  • Excessive physical activity and inactivity.
  • Taking certain groups of drugs.
  • The presence of bad habits.

Since hemorrhage is of 2 types, there are also two ways to provide first aid.

1. Open bleeding. With external bleeding, it is necessary to stop the flow of blood flowing out. A tight dressing is used for this. An elastic bandage or harness is best suited. Directly on the wound from which the blood comes, you need to apply a clean bandage, gauze or any other tissue, fixing it with a bandage. But it is desirable that it be sterile.

Be sure to determine the correctness of applying the bandage – if the blood stopped, and there is a ripple under the bandage, then you did everything right. If the bleeding does not stop, you need to make another tight bandage. If there is no way to make the bandage as tight as possible, then you need to bend the leg at the knee and fix it in this position.

2. Internal bleeding. When a vein bursts inside, without tearing the skin, a hematoma immediately arises. If the bruise is insignificant, then small capillaries or blood vessels burst. In this case, it is important to immediately apply an ice bandage to the rupture site. It is allowed to hold it for a maximum of 20 minutes. Further, you can use the pharmacy external means: “Bodyaga”, “Troxevasin”, “Healing ointment”, “Rescuer” and so on.

If the internal hemorrhage is significant, the hematoma will be large. This can lead to suppuration, so you should contact the clinic for help. You can also ice yourself and go to the hospital yourself.

With extensive internal hemorrhages, blood fluid accumulates under the skin. The doctor will necessarily extract the contents using a syringe. Then you need to put a tight bandage. If the blood flows out again, then surgical methods are used, the hematoma is opened with a scalpel, the fluid is drained, and the damaged vessels are sutured.

Violation of the integrity of the vein can occur at the most unexpected moment, in the wrong place. If a person is on the street, away from the pharmacy, you must immediately call emergency assistance. It is recommended that you take important steps yourself before the arrival of the doctors. In case of feeling unwell it is necessary to ask for help from unauthorized persons, since excessive bleeding can lead to collapse and death.

What to do if the vein in my leg is broken? The tactics of action are as follows:

  1. Call an ambulance.
  2. Find a clean napkin or a handkerchief in your bag. If there is no material, ask passers-by.
  3. If a vein rupture occurred in the forest, away from the settlement: remove the shirt, tear off a piece of fabric, fold it in four layers and press the fabric to the place of the rupture of the vessel.
  4. Roll up the clothes in a small roller, press them with a napkin on the wound.
  5. Make an improvised harness from a belt, belt or scarf, tighten the leg below the wound (10 cm).
  6. If there is no belt, you need to press his palm on the place of the rupture of a vein covered with a cloth.
  7. In case a vein burst inside the leg within the city: ask passers-by to buy a hemostatic sponge at the pharmacy. Put the material to stop the blood under the tissue, closer to the wound surface.
  8. Take a “lying down” position, lift a limb up to thirty centimeters above the shoulder girdle.
  9. If the victim or passersby have frozen food on hand, make an improvised cold compress; apply a compress to the site of bleeding (up to thirty minutes).

If there is damage to a small vessel, the inflammatory focus has small boundaries, the phlebologist applies classical therapeutic treatment with drugs that improve blood supply. He can also offer the patient microsclerotherapy: a special substance is injected into the vein, after which the venous area is resorbed within twenty to twenty-five days.

If there is extensive hemorrhage in the internal tissues or outward, surgery is indicated – removal of the vessel in order to restore blood flow. In case of moderate injuries, the doctor can apply the ligation of the vessel trunk. Modern medicine offers a modification procedure called “elos” – coagulation.

Signs of a Bursting Vein

Symptoms and external manifestations depend on the type of damaged vessel.

Capillaries are more prone to rupture, as they are located close to the surface of the skin and are small in size.

Signs of a burst capillary:

  • the appearance on the skin of a mesh that resembles a star or tree in shape. Read our article on a similar topic about the venous mesh on the legs.
  • lack of pain.

If capillaries on the legs are visible, then this causes only aesthetic discomfort, many people do not even try to find out the causes of fragility of blood vessels.

The rupture of a small vessel is accompanied by the following symptoms:

  • the appearance of a bruise. Its size depends on the thickness of the damaged vessel and blood coagulation;
  • pain that intensifies when pressed.

A great danger to life is damage to a large vein or artery, which is accompanied by symptoms such as:

  • the appearance of a bruise;
  • bruising quickly increases in size;
  • persistent pain;
  • pallor of the skin;
  • general weakness;
  • dizziness and nausea.

If the causes of vascular fragility are not timely addressed, then they will continue to tear in other parts of the body, which can lead to extensive hemorrhage.

Therapies

When the patient is handed over to doctors, he must be prepared for the fact that if the vessels on his legs burst, this leads to surgery. Surgical intervention will be carried out even if the gap is small and insignificant.

Treatment with surgery is necessary so that the doctor can bandage the bursting vein, prevent the blood from flowing out, and prevent it from entering other parts of the body, especially the nearby veins and lung tissue. The patient can be reassured by the fact that the operation is carried out only under local anesthesia, that there is nothing complicated in it, and it will end rather quickly.

But if the case is particularly complicated or the patient neglected his health and suffered to the last, then you will have to remove the damaged vein. Of course, this is a rare case, usually doctors manage to save the vessel and somehow stop the bleeding. Such an operation will be much more complicated than if the damage to the vein is not very strong and the patient was immediately taken to the hospital, but you no longer have to choose.

The operation is already under general anesthesia, it is very long in time, it requires maximum concentration and almost jewelry work from the doctor. Of course, this is very painful for the patient, requires a long stay in the hospital and rehabilitation, but a full recovery is still possible if the patient will clearly follow all the doctor’s recommendations.

Causes of vascular fragility

Why are the vessels on the legs burst during pregnancy? The following circumstances contribute to this phenomenon:

  • The load on the legs increases due to an increase in body weight.
  • The outflow of blood is difficult, due to an increase in uterine pressure on the inferior vena cava.

Therefore, during this period, the vessels of the legs feel a huge load on themselves.

All this contributes to the development of varicose veins, which is often a factor causing vein rupture.

Regardless of which vessel bursts: small or large, a woman should tell the attending physician about this.

Due to the fact that during pregnancy many drugs, even for local treatment, are prohibited, it is the specialist who must choose the safest treatment option for the expectant mother.

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Due to hormonal changes during pregnancy, the vessels become brittle

All this contributes to the development of varicose veins, which is often a factor causing vein rupture.

Common causes contributing to the weakening of the walls of blood vessels are:

  • genetic predisposition;
  • mechanical damage resulting from injury;
  • phlebeurysm;
  • excessive load on the legs (weight lifting, wearing high-heeled shoes, etc.);
  • vitamin deficiency (in particular, the lack of vitamins PP and C, necessary for strengthening the walls of blood vessels);
  • lack of exercise (lack of physical activity);
  • hypothermia, burns;
  • overweight;
  • excessive passion for protein diets. Due to the lack of carbohydrates and fiber in the diet, the walls of blood vessels lose their elasticity;
  • bad habits that damage not only the circulatory system, but the entire body as a whole, etc.

The consequences of most of the above causes are manifested in older and middle-aged people. However, some of them can be observed in children (for example, injuries and frostbite).

There are a number of factors that negatively affect only the vessels of women. These include:

  • a change in hormone levels as a result of pregnancy, childbirth, abortion, menopause;
  • taking hormonal drugs;
  • gynecological diseases.

Vascular strengthening methods, prevention

First of all, blood vessels begin to burst in professional athletes and in people who are engaged in intensive training and a healthy lifestyle. In order to prevent this from happening, you do not need to work to the limit. Each person has his own body and body, and under it, involuntarily, it will be necessary to adapt, as this or that load can be trifling for one person, and deadly for another. Therefore, if a person is not a professional in sports, then you need to obey a trainer who will competently help to distribute the load.

When going to various sports clubs you need to take a first aid kit with you. If the gap still occurred, then you do not need to be heroic, but immediately consult a doctor. It will not be superfluous to know for yourself the rules of how to provide first aid, and, if necessary, tell others if they are suddenly at a loss.

Parents of young children need to carefully monitor their children, since the latter are very often careless in games and this can lead to the most tragic situation. Knowing why the vessels burst, you can protect yourself from such a dangerous situation. Be attentive to your health!

People suffering from varicose veins often face the problem of fragility of blood vessels. The vessel can burst in any part of the leg, manifesting itself as an ugly bruise or vascular network (depending on the size of the vessel). However, this is not only a visually ugly phenomenon, but also a very dangerous one.

Therefore, we’ll continue to talk about what to do if a vein bursts on the leg (see photo): how emergency care and subsequent therapy should look like.

First of all, blood vessels begin to burst in professional athletes and in people who are engaged in intensive training and a healthy lifestyle. In order to prevent this from happening, you do not need to work to the limit. Each person has his own body and body, and under it, involuntarily, it will be necessary to adapt, as this or that load can be trifling for one person, and deadly for another. Therefore, if a person is not a professional in sports, then you need to obey a trainer who will competently help to distribute the load.

Possessing a hereditary predisposition to tearing veins and varicose veins, preventive procedures should be carried out regularly to avoid possible problems.

It is possible to strengthen blood vessels and carry out preventive actions at home. Guided by the following rules, it is possible to significantly improve the condition of the lower extremities.

  1. Take a complex of vitamins as a preventive measure. They will strengthen the body and reduce the risk of rupture. In particular, this refers to vitamins PP and C.
  2. Home massage of the lower extremities is a great way to normalize blood work. Massage can be done several times a day. Massage the lower extremities with gentle movements, improving blood circulation.
  3. Make herbal compresses, for example, from chamomile or calendula. At least twice a week.
  4. Women must visit a gynecologist and regulate the level of hormones in the body.

In order not to bring the situation to a sad outcome, if the above symptoms occur, you must consult a doctor. Having received timely help, negative consequences can be avoided.

All methods of strengthening vessels are aimed at eliminating the root causes of ruptures. Specialists have developed a number of recommendations, the implementation of which improves the elasticity of the walls of blood vessels.

  1. The diet should be balanced. You must include in the daily menu fresh vegetables, fruits, dairy products, low-fat meats, cereals. These foods are rich in vitamins C and PP, fiber, essential for maintaining vascular elasticity.

On an empty stomach you need to drink a tablespoon of flaxseed or olive oil. They contain vitamin E, which is necessary for the restoration of vascular cell walls.

It is necessary to limit the intake of salt, which traps excess fluid and toxins. As a result, edema appears, which increase the load on the vessels.

  1. Maintaining an optimal water balance in the body e. A lack of water leads to dehydration of the cells, as a result of which the vessels become brittle.
  2. Physical activity should be reasonable. Yoga, dancing, swimming and other sports have beneficial effects on blood vessels. Try to walk and climb stairs as often as possible.

For the prevention of vascular ruptures on the legs, it is necessary:

  • refuse uncomfortable shoes, including shoes with high heels;
  • do contrast douche of the legs;
  • wear a bandage and compression stockings during pregnancy;
  • Avoid weight lifting.

Vascular fragility is a signal that a serious malfunction of the body has occurred. Therefore, if symptoms of rupture of blood vessels appear, consult a doctor. Timely identification of the causes will save not only the beauty of the legs, but also the person’s life.

A vein burst on the leg, and you do not know what to do? In this article, you will learn about the main and indirect reasons for determining how a vein has burst and what to do for first aid. Because there may be internal bleeding and open. And in each case, you need to do different things.

What is varicose veins

Varicose veins – an ailment in which venous vessels undergo pathological changes.

As a result of violations, the veins expand, stretch, deform and form nodes.

In the initial stages, the patient does not notice visual changes. Only fatigue and heaviness in the legs are felt, which is attributed to fatigue after a working day.

The main symptom of varicose veins is a convex cyanotic vein on the surface of the skin, which indicates a disease that has already developed.

All these changes are the result of a malfunction of the venous valve system. During normal operation, the valves contribute to the normal circulation of venous blood (up). Failure in this system leads to the fact that blood begins to flow down, forming stagnant phenomena.

The vessels are unable to cope with such pressure and begin to deform, giving the patient a lot of unpleasant pain.

The reasons for this phenomenon can be both a hereditary predisposition and an incorrect lifestyle.

Most often, varicose veins affect the lower extremities, but hemorrhoids, esophageal varicose veins, varicocele and pelvic varicose veins are also common.

It is also worth noting that women are more susceptible to disease than men due to the characteristics of the processes in the body.

“Varicose veins” of vessels in translation from Latin means “swelling.” The formation of nodes, dilated areas of the veins at the initial level occurs due to a decrease in the natural production of collagen and elastin in the walls of blood vessels, cell atrophy in the muscle tissue of the veins. A genetic factor, external causes (heavy physical exertion, long walking, increased body mass index) can provoke the disease.

How does pathology arise? In the presence of contributing factors, venous valves no longer cope with the blood flow, fluid reflux (reverse outflow) occurs. If unfavorable factors are permanent, white blood cells attach to the endothelial cells, group, and the inflammatory process begins.

As a result, the walls of the veins become inflamed throughout the lower channel, venous valves suffer, large vessels are stretched, forming “pockets”. When walking, a person experiences a feeling of heaviness in his legs and discomfort. Visually, at the initial stage, the disease is expressed by edema, the occurrence of spider veins, and reticuli on the surface of the skin.

In the old days, people knew how to strengthen blood vessels and fight the disease of the veins with the help of medicinal plants, decoctions, lotions of medicinal herbs. Attention: the treatment of diseases of the lower extremities associated with rupture of the veins is recommended only under the supervision of the attending physician. Traditional medicine is only a concomitant factor, accelerating the processes of recovery, vascular strengthening.

  • Recipe 1: Make whey at home. In the absence of time, you can replace the whey with ordinary sour milk. Pick fresh fern leaves; skip the plant through a meat grinder. Mix the ingredients of the medicinal composition in an equal ratio of 1: 1. Apply the solution to swollen veins for five days. After a week, it is recommended to repeat the course of treatment.
  • Recipe 2: An excellent remedy for swollen veins is a honey compress. Before use, it is recommended to test for an allergic reaction: lubricate the inner surface of the ankle with a small amount of honey. Evaluate the result after 2 hours. If after applying honey there is no redness, burning, peeling – a recipe based on honey can be used.

For a compress, it is recommended to take a small piece of linen fabric (40 × 50); roll it in four layers, grease with honey. Apply a compress to the affected area of ​​the leg. Honey wrap should be done in the evening before bedtime. In the morning, remove the compress, rinse honey with running water.

  • Recipe 3: Tincture of Kalanchoe. To prepare the solution, it is recommended to take fresh leaves of Kalanchoe (200 g). Put chopped leaves of a plant in a 0,5 liter bottle, pour alcohol-containing solution (vodka, moonshine). Put the dishes with the solution in a cool, dark place. Shake the tincture bottle daily. After seven days, the drug is ready: lubricate the legs twice daily (morning and evening), moving from the feet to the hips. The treatment is carried out for three months.

The mechanism of development of varicose veins

Why vessels burst

By their nature, the vascular walls are highly elastic, so the likelihood of their damage is negligible.

So why burst vessels on the legs? Often, damage to the vein occurs with varicose veins, when the walls of the vessels weaken, lose their elasticity and stretch.

Also, some provoking factors contribute to this process. The most common include:

  • excessive load on the legs;
  • excess weight;
  • heredity;
  • avitaminosis;
  • gestation period.

Various kinds of injuries of the lower extremities with weakness of the vascular walls can also cause damage to the veins.

How does a burst vessel manifest: photo

Rupture of a vein on an arm or leg is a consequence of the weakened elasticity of the vascular walls. This happens rarely, and mainly against the background of varicose expansion, due to which there is a vasodilation. A vein can burst on the foot, in the area of ​​the fingers or ankles, for the following reasons:

  • increased physical activity;
  • long walk;
  • Wearing shoes not matched to size;
  • hypothermia in the winter;
  • taking oral contraceptives;
  • disturbed thyroid function;
  • pregnancy;
  • frequent exposure to ultraviolet light;
  • injuries and burns of the lower extremities;
  • varicosity;
  • drinking alcohol or smoking;
  • increased body weight;
  • heredity.
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How to know that a vein has burst?

With the rupture of small blood vessels or capillaries, the symptomatology does not have a pronounced severity. In many cases, a person does not even know about it. However, it is worth paying attention to such signs:

  • causeless hematoma formation;
  • burning sensation and pain;
  • dizzy;
  • the formation of a venous pattern in red and blue;
  • swelling at the site of the lesion and swelling;
  • with profuse internal hemorrhage – loss of consciousness and blanching of the skin in other areas.

This photo demonstrates what internal bleeding looks like.

If the bleeding is external, then the symptoms will be as follows:

  • leakage of blood from a wound;
  • dizziness and chills;
  • increased body temperature;
  • severe pallor of the skin;
  • numbness and cooling in the limbs;
  • nausea and vomiting;
  • fainting.

Conclusion

The human body is designed so that any even minor violation can lead to a lot of unpleasant consequences.

Rupture of a vein in a leg is not in itself a disease. Such a problem is a consequence of an inattentive attitude to one’s own health.

From this article you will learn why it could happen that a vein burst on the leg, and what to do if it happened.

The author of the article: Victoria Stoyanova, category 2 doctor, head of the laboratory at the diagnostic and treatment center (2015–2016).

The vein on the leg may burst against the background of varicose veins. Depending on the size of the vein and the rate of blood coagulation, this can manifest itself as a slight bruise or an extensive hematoma.

This is a dangerous phenomenon, as if the vein is damaged, blood circulation in the legs is disturbed. It may also indicate an advanced stage of varicose veins, at which there is a risk of thrombophlebitis and other complications.

A bruise formed on the site of a burst vessel completely disappears after treatment. Further therapy is the prevention of recurrent hemorrhages and getting rid of the underlying disease – varicose veins.

If a vessel on your leg bursts, give yourself first aid and immediately contact a phlebologist.

Further treatment – surgery

Treatment of any rupture of a blood vessel is carried out by a phlebologist. It is to him and should be addressed in the future. If the gap is strong, then an operation is prescribed, after which drug therapy is carried out, aimed at strengthening the circulatory system.

During surgical intervention, part of the damaged vessel can be removed, but other, improved techniques can be used:

  1. Sclerotherapy or microsclerotherapy. These methods are considered non-invasive and non-surgical. Because a special drug is introduced into the damaged vein – sclerosant, which sticks together a burst vessel. The drug is injected directly into the vein by injection.
  2. Elos coagulation can be performed, which involves the use of a laser and high-frequency electric current. In this case, a small part of the vessel is removed.
  3. In especially severe cases, phlebectomy is used – most often when the cause of the rupture is varicose expansion. The operation involves the removal of a large vessel under anesthesia. An incision is made in the groin and ankle, after which the vein is removed from the lower limb.
  4. Miniflebectomy can also be performed, in which not all damaged veins are removed, but only an insignificant part of them. The surgeon does not make cuts, but only punctures in some places. The vessel is removed by introducing a special tool equipped with a miniature hook. They pull out a vein and cut it off.
  5. Radio frequency ablation is considered an innovative technique. In this case, a catheter and anesthetic are inserted into the vessel. The doctor acts on the damaged walls with radio wave radiation, which leads to vein sealing.
  6. Laser coagulation has been used for a long time. It is effective and safe. During the operation, the surgeon inserts a fiber and a laser beam into the damaged vein. The first device makes it possible to control the operation, and the beam seals the vessel. Be sure to control through Dopplerography.

Symptoms

A bursting vessel looks like an ordinary bruise. If it is small, then a small vessel has ruptured. If the hematoma spreads over a large area, immediate assistance is required. Several signs will help to understand that a rupture of the vessel has occurred.

  • unexpected appearance on the lower extremities of a large or small bruise;
  • severe, ongoing pain;
  • weakness and fatigue (as a result of blood loss);
  • large hematoma on the leg;
  • excessive pallor of the skin, especially in the damaged area.

The earliest symptoms of pathology include the presence of persistent edema in the evening and after sleep, nodular lesions on the legs in blue, pain when walking, and rapid fatigue.

If a vein in the leg has burst, blood may flow out or into the tissue. When external bleeding is observed:

  • copious flow of blood;
  • slowing the formation of an elastic clot (insufficient blood clotting);
  • a sharp drop in blood pressure;
  • dizziness;
  • pallor of the skin.
  • formation of hematoma at the site of rupture of the vein;
  • with extensive pathology – lowering blood pressure;
  • loss of consciousness;
  • feeling of fear.

Depending on how large the vessel bursts and how quickly your blood coagulates, the symptoms can be either mild or severe.

The main symptoms of leg vein damage are:

  • Hematoma, usually violet-blue-red. Its sizes vary. If a large vessel bursts, the bruise may be the size of a full leg. The hematoma is gradually increasing. How long it will continue to grow depends on the rate of blood coagulation.
  • Pain. At the time of damage – sharp, further – aching, worse when you touch the hematoma and when walking. The intensity of pain also depends on the caliber of the bursting vessel. Sometimes the patient can’t even walk for 1-2 days.
  • Pale skin and weakness in the body due to circulatory disorders.

Medication Therapy

Necessarily in any case of rupture of the vessel, drug therapy is prescribed:

  1. Anticoagulant drugs of direct or indirect type are used. In the first case, the drug is administered drip (through a dropper), and in the second – orally (tablets inside). This group of drugs prevents the formation of blood clots, dilutes blood fluid.
  2. Quite often, with ruptured veins, small accumulations of blood in the form of blood clots form. To eliminate them, the doctor prescribes thrombolytics.
  3. Mandatory vitamin therapy.
  4. Thanks to venotonics, the walls of blood vessels are strengthened, blood supply is accelerated and the tone of veins increases. These drugs are available in the form of tablets, ointments and gels. It is very important, along with oral consumption, to use local therapy, that is, to apply the gel to the skin.
  5. If the vessel bursts, then this is necessarily accompanied by inflammatory processes. Therefore, the doctor prescribes anti-inflammatory non-steroidal drugs. They not only eliminate inflammation, but also stop the pain syndrome. They are taken orally or used externally.

Preventive measures

So that the veins located on the lower extremities do not burst, it is recommended to balance the diet and move more. When sedentary work take breaks for a short walk or warm-up. It is recommended to take a contrast shower and foot baths. The risk of vein damage is reduced if the patient does not abuse alcohol and does not smoke. Women should refuse to wear high heels, because of which the veins are damaged.

If you know about the existence of weakened vascular walls, or you have varicose veins, be sure to consider preventive measures, which should include the following:

  1. Wear compression stockings or knee socks. This will not allow the vessel to burst.
  2. Promptly seek help from a specialist who will prescribe a course of treatment.
  3. Consume healthy foods and give up harmful ones, since healthy nutrition is the key to the strength of the circulatory system.
  4. Strengthen your veins with special gymnastics.
  5. Do not wear uncomfortable shoes.
  6. Discard tight clothing as it crushes blood vessels.
  7. Swimming and a contrast shower help a lot.
  8. Be sure to practice moderate sports.
  9. Do not overstress physically, do not carry excessive loads.

Folk proverb says: “Ailment is better to prevent than to cure.” In order to avoid serious problems with veins, people at risk are advised to adhere to the main rules:

  • Eliminate bad habits from the usual way of life (stop smoking, drink excessively alcohol).
  • Include vitamin D, F, fish and seafood in the diet.
  • Eat vegetable oil from corn, flaxseed, soybeans, nuts, sunflower.
  • After a long stay on his feet, workouts in the gym, apply a contrast douche of the lower limbs.
  • If you are overweight, it is recommended that, under the supervision of a specialist, it is advisable to formulate a competent diet for weight loss.
  • Include light exercise in day routine: aerobics, jogging, stretching muscles.
  • After exercise it is recommended to raise the legs above the head by thirty centimeters for three minutes.

If a person has the first signs of impaired blood circulation in the lower extremities, it is recommended that you wear special underwear or wrap your legs with elastic bandages before going outside.

Causes of vein rupture

Do you have a broken vein in your leg? What is the reason? The pathological process in the vessels appears long before the appearance of external signs of the disease. Causes of vein rupture include:

  • physical overstrain, long walk;
  • shoes that do not match the size of the feet;
  • hypothermia of the lower extremities in winter;
  • use of oral contraceptives;
  • hormone gland dysfunction;
  • the period of gestation in women;
  • physiological menstrual disorders (menopause);
  • postpartum period;
  • ultraviolet radiation;
  • injuries, burns, frostbite;
  • alcohol and nicotine abuse;
  • increased body mass index;
  • hereditary factor.

Consequences of delayed treatment to the doctor

In most cases, a visit to the doctor is postponed due to lack of free time, unwillingness to draw up a sick-list, lack of understanding of the seriousness of the disease. In addition to limiting mobility, impaired venous blood flow threatens the destruction of the wall of a large vessel, internal and external bleeding.

Your leg vein burst. Why? Rigid high-heeled shoes, tight clothing, bruising, sprains of the joints during walking can provoke a vein rupture. If a vein bursts on the leg, a bruise is a clear sign of internal bleeding. The pain symptom is most often absent, a person does not immediately learn about the problem.

In the absence of drug treatment, rupture of the vessel entails dangerous consequences. These include:

  • thrombus separation;
  • the formation of trophic ulcers at the site of destruction of the vessel wall;
  • death.
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Detailed information about Detonic is located on the manufacturer’s page www.detonicnd.com.
Tatyana Jakowenko

Editor-in-chief of the Detonic online magazine, cardiologist Yakovenko-Plahotnaya Tatyana. Author of more than 950 scientific articles, including in foreign medical journals. He has been working as a cardiologist in a clinical hospital for over 12 years. He owns modern methods of diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases and implements them in his professional activities. For example, it uses methods of resuscitation of the heart, decoding of ECG, functional tests, cyclic ergometry and knows echocardiography very well.

For 10 years, she has been an active participant in numerous medical symposia and workshops for doctors - families, therapists and cardiologists. He has many publications on a healthy lifestyle, diagnosis and treatment of heart and vascular diseases.

He regularly monitors new publications of European and American cardiology journals, writes scientific articles, prepares reports at scientific conferences and participates in European cardiology congresses.

Detonic