Varicosis of the labia during pregnancy symptoms, causes, treatment, complications, prevention

Varicosis of the labia is a rather rare manifestation of varicose veins, but it requires increased attention to oneself, since complications from damage to veins in this area can be life-threatening. If blood-filled vessels rupture, for example, during childbirth, the patient will die from hemorrhage.

In order to make a diagnosis, the doctor must conduct a thorough gynecological examination of the external genital organs and bimanual diagnosis using a mirror. In addition, ultrasound and laboratory blood tests for coagulation, prothrombin index and plasma tolerance to heparin are prescribed, an autocoagulation test is performed.

If the labia is covered with blue veins, and you experience the first signs of varicose veins, immediately seek help from a qualified doctor. Therapy will have 2 approaches – conservative and medication. Conservative techniques are used at the initial stage of the disease, as a rule, treatment will consist of such procedures:

  1. Compression underwear will help improve blood circulation in the vessels of the pelvis. The attending physician helps to pick it up. Special stockings and underwear will evenly distribute the load on the uterus and genital area, respectively, normalize blood flow.
  2. Proper nutrition is one of the main points in conservative treatment. A woman should replenish her diet with vitamin-containing foods and easily digestible food. Do not drink coffee, fried, canned and smoked products, they negatively affect the state of blood vessels.
  3. It is necessary to perform medical gymnastics, the physiotherapist selects the list of exercises. As a rule, in physical therapy there is nothing complicated. A woman can do the exercise “bicycle” and “scissors” herself at home several times a day.
  4. It is definitely worth giving up heels during pregnancy and treating pathology. You should choose comfortable shoes that do not rub or tire your legs when walking.
  5. It is required to abandon the hot bath, it is better to give your preference to a warm shower.

Such simple rules will allow a woman to suspend degenerative changes in the genital area and increase the likelihood of a complete cure after childbirth.

The second treatment option is medication. After diagnosis, the doctor determines the stage of the disease and selects a treatment regimen. Today, varicose veins are already a well-studied disease, so there are many options. Among the most effective medicines for varicose veins and vulvar lips:

  • venotonics, angioprotective drugs – Endotelon, Diovenor, Eskuzan;
  • antiplatelet agents – Fraxiparin, Trental, Curantyl;
  • anti-inflammatory drugs – Diclofenac and its analogues.

External agents Lyoton, Venozol, Troxerutin, Voltaren, Fastum gel can be used.

The doctor should prescribe therapy, independently buy the above drugs and treat the labia varicose veins during pregnancy is dangerous for your health and baby’s development. Clearly observe the duration and dosage of taking the drugs, the slightest deviations can lead to irreparable consequences.

Treatment of explosives is prescribed depending on the symptoms and diagnostic results. In complex drug therapy for the treatment of systemic chronic venous pathology, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (indomethacin, donalgin) and phlebotropic drugs (escusan, detralex, anavenol) are prescribed. Prescribe pharmacotherapy with antiplatelet agents (trental), pelvic blockade with antihypoxic drugs (chlorophyllipt), ultrasound physiotherapy, therapeutic exercises. Antioxidants and enterobiotics are added to the therapy.

According to the indications, phlebosclerosing treatment is carried out – sclerotherapy. The vessel is “sealed” with drugs, a laser. It ceases to function. The procedure does not use special methods of anesthesia. It is performed on an outpatient basis and produces a cosmetic effect. With pelvic plethora of veins, expansion and reverse outflow of blood through the gonadal (ovarian) veins, a surgical operation to remove the veins is indicated. In case of varicose enlargement of the labia minora, it is removed.

Pregnancy is the first most frequent risk factor leading to the occurrence of an acute respiratory viral infection. A significant and steady increase in the concentration of progesterone in the early stages of pregnancy reduces venous tone and exacerbates blood flow disturbance. Also, VBT, an exciting perineum and vulva, is associated with compression of the large veins of the retroperitoneal region (iliac veins and inferior vena cava) by the pregnant uterus.

Often, varicose vulva proceeds bilaterally. Signs of the disease:

  • a pronounced increase in the veins of the vulva at 18-24 weeks during the first pregnancy, from 12 weeks during repeated pregnancy;
  • discomfort in the groin;
  • drawing, aching, dull pains in the pelvic area;
  • pain during intercourse;
  • pruritus of the vulva;
  • swelling of the genital organs and perineum.

Signs of pathology progress with pregnancy. In addition to increasing the size of the varicose node by the third trimester, its compaction is determined. A characteristic symptom in explosives is its combination with inguinal varicose veins during pregnancy or leg veins.

Instrumental examination for varicose veins of the labia in pregnant women is limited to their ultrasound, as well as the ultrasound of the legs, because painful changes in the venous bed undergo involution in the postpartum period.

In 4-8% of women after childbirth, BB does not disappear, and the disease progresses. An interesting feature is the relationship between the end of the feeding period or the reduction in the volume of breastfeeding on the rate of disappearance of varicose veins in the groin in women. The shortened lactation period is accompanied by a decrease and disappearance of the dilated veins and vice versa. This proves that varicose perineum during pregnancy is associated with a change in hormonal levels.

The basis of the treatment of varicose veins during pregnancy is phlebotropic treatment. In the main part of fertile women, BB begins in the II and III trimester. During this period, diosmin preparations can be used. The severity of the symptoms of the pathology is reduced by the micronized purified flavonoid fraction (detralex). Zinc paste and H1-histamine receptor blockers stop itching.

Low molecular weight heparin in a prophylactic dose prevents venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism (blockage of blood vessels).

As an option for compression treatment, it is prescribed to wear tight elastic underwear using latex or gauze pillows. This relieves puffiness of the labia and a feeling of heaviness. A special compression knitwear for women with vulvar varicose veins helps a lot.

If a complication develops, for example, local thrombophlebitis, surgical treatment is required.

If a conglomerate of varicose veins is found on the genitals, the question arises of the method of delivery. Childbirth in a natural way is permissible for varicose veins. In contrast, the risks of surgery for cesarean section are higher than the onset of bleeding from painful vessels during childbirth. This happens rarely. But with varicose veins of the vagina, a cesarean section is often done.

Vaginal varicose veins is considered a very common pathology among pregnant women. This is due to the anatomical and physiological changes in this period. However, the disease also occurs in nulliparous women due to the fact that hormonal balance can change with each menstrual cycle.

To make an accurate diagnosis, a visual examination is not enough, therefore, hardware examination methods are used:

  • Ultrasound examination of the vagina. A transvaginal sensor is inserted into the organ cavity, which determines the presence of sinuous veins. After this, the gynecologist is obliged to refer the patient for further diagnosis to a phlebologist.
  • Phlebography is performed using a contrast agent. This method relates to an x-ray method for studying the vagina.
  • A coagulogram, computed tomography can be performed.
  • If a woman is pregnant, then magnetic resonance imaging is also prescribed.
  • A woman must donate blood.

In the framework of therapy, non-drug therapy is used primarily, including such measures:

  • minor physical activity and special exercises – gymnastics for the muscles of the vagina that support the blood vessels (wumbling);
  • water aerobics;
  • contrast shower in the vulva;
  • herbal medicine – the use of traditional medicine recipes (tinctures, decoctions);
  • you must wear compression underwear.

At the same time, the doctor prescribes medication:

  • agents with venotonic effect: Detralex, Flebodia-600, Eskuzan, Venoruton;
  • angioprotectors: Pentoxifylline, Ascorutin;
  • enzyme preparations: Wobenzym, Flogenzim;
  • vitamin and mineral premixes;
  • anticoagulants: Aklotin, Acenokumarol, Wessel Duet F, Aspigrel, Trombo Ass, Cardiomagnyl or Agregal – are necessarily used together with venotonics;
  • hemostatic drugs: “Dicinon”, “Vikasol” or “Menadion”.

With varicose veins of the vagina during pregnancy, other means are used:

  • to increase the lumen and strengthen the walls of blood vessels, restore the valves and improve the condition of connective tissues, the drug “Calcarea fluoric” is used;
  • to save the patient from the pain threshold, eliminate swelling and the inflammatory process, the doctor prescribes “Graphites”;
  • for toning and restoration of the structure of blood vessels, as well as the neutralization of itching and swelling – “Fluoricum Acidum”;
  • to accelerate blood circulation, “Carbo Vegetabilis” or “Viper” is prescribed;
  • if there are additional gynecological pathologies, then the doctor will prescribe the Sepia drug;
  • to stop the unpleasant symptoms of vaginal varicose veins, “Millefolium” or “Witch hazel” is used.

Varicosis of the labia is a pathology that develops against the background of a violation of the blood supply to organs located in the pelvis and lower abdomen. The condition reduces the quality of life, interferes with sports, causes pain in the inguinal region during sexual intercourse and during vigorous movements. The sooner it is possible to make a diagnosis, the more likely it is to eliminate the disease. If there are characteristic signs – severity in the genitals, lips and clitoris – it is necessary to consult a gynecologist.

What factors predispose to the disease?

Varicose vulva and soft tissue attachment often appears during pregnancy, but can also occur for other reasons. In most cases, the pathology develops against the background of varicose veins, but sometimes it is its first sign.

Possible causes of vein expansion in the groin in women and impaired reverse blood flow are:

  • hormonal treatment;
  • digestive disorders – frequent constipation;
  • professional activity – sedentary work, the need for weight lifting;
  • inactive lifestyle or sports training with increased physical activity;
  • overweight and obesity;
  • abuse of thermal procedures – baths, saunas, beach vacations;
  • heavy childbirth;
  • genetic factors.

Often, varicose veins appear on the legs during pregnancy, and then spread to the genitals. The changed hormonal background – an excess of progesterone and prolactin – has a negative effect on blood vessels, reduces the tone of the walls. At the same time, the volume of circulating blood increases, and the pressure of the growing uterus on the organs located in the pelvic region increases.

Varicose disease of the labia in women occurs quite often. Approximately 30% of the fair sex is manifested during pregnancy. Each re-conception increases the likelihood of its development, while in 10% the symptoms of the disease persist after giving birth. What is the reason for the development of this disease?

In women in the position of the appearance of varicose veins due to increased stress on the body. Increasing body weight every day, hormonal changes – these factors contribute to slowing blood outflow.

Doctors also identify other causes of the disease. Among them are the following:

  • inactive lifestyle;
  • sedentary work;
  • overweight;
  • lower tone of the veins.

A special role in this matter is given to hereditary predisposition.

Varicosis on the labia has a genetic predisposition – the mechanism of the disease is similar to varicose expansion of the lower extremities. It is based on gonadal vein valve dysfunction. Physical activity, frequent pregnancies, overflow of blood of the genitals with prolonged sexual intercourse contribute to vascular distension with the development of venous stasis.

Causes and mechanism of development

Most often, VRV first appears during pregnancy. The reason for this is hormonal restructuring, a sharp increase in weight, lack of exercise, compression of the growing pelvic vessels by the uterus.

Often the first signs of the disease appear in pregnant women

Nonpregnant and nulliparous women may experience this problem with:

  • overweight and obesity;
  • prolonged hormonal therapy;
  • burdened by heredity;
  • genetically determined vascular wall weakness or venous valve insufficiency;
  • intense physical exertion, weightlifting;
  • inflammatory processes in the pelvis;
  • the need for a long time to be in an upright position (for example, when working as a hairdresser, lecturer, seller);
  • hypodynamia – low motor activity;
  • chronic constipation;
  • frequent visits to baths and saunas.

Due to the influence of the above reasons, there is a violation of the physiological outflow of blood in a large circle of blood circulation, its stagnation in the pelvis. Veins have a thinner wall than arteries, therefore, are more susceptible to pathological changes during overflow. HRV is accompanied by thinning of the walls of blood vessels, an increase in the lumen, the appearance of pathological tortuosity and bulging, determined visually.

Hearing the diagnosis of varicose veins, most immediately imagine swollen veins and cones on the lower legs, but this ailment can develop in different parts of the body. Most of all the psychological and physiological discomfort is caused by varicosity of the labia. The disease develops in the prenatal period or in girls who regularly expose themselves to great physical exertion.

The cause of varicose veins on the labia is a hormonal malfunction in the body, which often occurs during pregnancy. At this time, chronic ailments may worsen or diseases with a hereditary predisposition to intensify. If in your family varicose veins of the labia have already been noted in several women, then it is likely that you will also encounter it.

One of the reasons for the development of pathology is the large load that the pregnant body experiences. Already from the 2nd trimester, the expectant mother begins to rapidly gain weight, in addition, the uterus increases in size, she presses on the blood vessels. If a woman is obese, then varicose veins in this area can develop without the presence of pregnancy.

In the body, the hormone progesterone is enhanced, but its effect is not limited to the uterus and appendages, it also affects the elasticity of all blood vessels. If a woman before that did not particularly support a healthy state of the cardiovascular system, smoked, did not eat well, then the likelihood of varicose veins in the labia area significantly increased.

Vaginal varicose veins can appear for the following reasons:

  • pregnancy and labor;
  • significant physical exertion;
  • hormonal imbalance;
  • some pathologies of the heart and circulatory system;
  • hyperemia of the veins;
  • diabetes;
  • diseases of the genitourinary system of an inflammatory nature;
  • hemorrhoids;
  • lack of mobility;
  • excessively tight underwear and clothing in general;
  • violation of the functionality of the valves in the vessels;
  • hereditary factor;
  • surgical intervention – varicose veins develops as a complication;
  • age changes;
  • frequent artificial termination of pregnancy and childbirth;
  • sharp weight gain, obesity.

According to Harvard Medical School, vulvar varicose veins affect about 4% of women. It usually appears during pregnancy and usually disappears within six weeks after giving birth.

Varicose veins rarely develop in women who have not been pregnant. Although in some cases they can be observed by older women after prolonged standing. In women with varicose veins throughout the body, this problem can also develop regardless of the pregnancy history.

Each vein in the human body has valves that prevent the flow of blood in the opposite direction. The veins in the lower body must work hard so that the blood can return to the heart.

During pregnancy, a more intense rush of blood to the genitals and increased pressure in the lower body can make it harder to move the blood in the right direction, which can cause it to move backward and cause the appearance of varicose veins.

In addition, during pregnancy, the veins of a woman expand due to hormonal changes or pressure acting on the inferior vena cava. All this also causes the appearance of varicose veins.

Varicose veins have the property of being inherited, so if one of the family members of the woman had varicose veins, then she may one day appear.

In rare cases, tumors become the cause of varicose veins, which limit the throughput of the veins.

Pathology Overview

The process of blood flow through the veins proceeds so that, under physiological conditions, the prerequisites for the development of stagnation and outflow of blood are created.

Varicose vulva (BB) – expansion of the vessels of the external genitalia. The disease manifests itself in women who suffer from varicose veins of the pelvis (VBT) and legs, also in pregnant women. In 30% of cases, varicose pelvic disease captures the perineum and vulva.

The onset of treatment for the disease is delayed due to its location in an intimate place. Women are shy. In some cases, patients do not experience pain, discomfort. But varicosity of the labia during pregnancy and not only during gestation occurs with complications: blockage of the veins by a thrombus (thromboembolism), disorders of sexual sensuality, pain in the perineum, psychoemotional problems and family conflicts.

The mechanisms of the occurrence of plethora of the vessels of the pelvis are not fully disclosed. The cause of the primary form of the disease is called a violation of the valves of the gonadal (ovarian) veins. This provokes a reverse outflow of blood and increases pressure in the venous nodes of the lower pelvis. Valve insufficiency is acquired or congenital. It worsens with age or with the onset of pregnancy.

The secondary form of BPV of the pelvic organs is associated with gynecological pathologies: endometriosis, tumors of the pelvic organs.

Diagnosis of the disease is difficult due to the fact that there are no special symptoms of its course. It is based on the results of ultrasound (ultrasound).

To distinguish between a primary or secondary form of pathology, a Valsalva test is used for sonographic examination. With a secondary cause of pelvic varicose veins, it is negative.

Varicose vulvar lips accompanied by a slight expansion of the veins on the skin. The constant feeling of discomfort and burning negatively affects the psychological state of the woman, making her irritable. The veins and labia gradually increase in size, and the skin changes its shade and becomes dry. Every sexual intercourse is also accompanied by a feeling of discomfort and pain.

What is vaginal varicose veins?

In the classic version, a triad of symptoms is observed:

  • Pelvic pain.
  • Varicose veins of the labia and perineum.
  • Dysmenorrhea is a cyclic process when severe pain in the lower abdomen, heavy menstrual bleeding, and menstrual irregularities can appear during menstruation.
  • With a long course of the disease, dyspareunia is possible – pain in the lower abdomen that occurs during or after intercourse. A feature of this symptom is the preservation of pain for at least 30 minutes and up to a day after intercourse.

Varicosis of the uterus and perineum is not a disease that threatens life. But it is important to note that the quality of life of patients is significantly reduced. In addition to aesthetic discomfort, large perineal phlebectases can cause painful symptoms during menstruation, and interfere with sexual activity. Sometimes varicose nodes become inflamed, causing a lot of physical suffering to patients.

Do not count on the therapeutic effect of ointments and tablets – such therapy is not effective, but only eliminating the causes of varicose veins and the venous nodes themselves with sclerotherapy or miniflebectomy allows you to achieve excellent therapeutic and aesthetic results in all patients. In the Innovative Vascular Center, a full treatment of this disease is possible . We successfully perform endovascular correction of deep vein pathology, eliminate varicose pelvic and venous vessels on the genitals.

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Among the most common complaints that force a woman to consult a specialist, there are:

  • itching in the vulva;
  • dryness, skin irritation;
  • unpleasant soreness, burning in the projection of the affected veins;
  • feeling of pressure, fullness;
  • swelling of the saphenous veins in the labia;
  • discomfort during intercourse.

Varicose veins of “delicate” localization cause a lot of discomfort to a woman carrying a child. In addition to the unpleasant symptoms described above, the disease significantly increases the risk of bleeding during childbirth. A woman with a similar diagnosis should regularly undergo medical examinations and follow the doctor’s prescriptions.

After 35 weeks of pregnancy, the question of choosing a method of delivery is resolved. More often the patient is sent to a planned cesarean section. Natural birth with varicose veins is possible only with a mild illness and the absence of venous insufficiency.

Severe varicose veins during pregnancy – an indication for cesarean

Women with a predisposition to varicose veins are advised to prevent the disease before conception. Anticoagulant ointments and venotonics can be used for therapeutic purposes only until the third trimester. Pregnant women with such a diagnosis must strictly follow the recommendations of the gynecologist, as well as monitor blood coagulation parameters.

Women with a similar pathology are usually hospitalized at 38 weeks. In many representatives of the fair sex in position, it does not differ in the complicated course of varicose labia. Childbirth and pregnancy itself pass without pathologies. In the case of extensive skin lesions, they resort to caesarean section. This approach is due to the need to eliminate the risk of bleeding due to rupture of veins during childbirth.

Varicosis of the labia can be seen with the naked eye. Patients note an increase and blueness of the veins in the perineum and labia. Another symptom that causes discomfort is a pulling pain in the vulva. Unpleasant sensations can give to the lower limbs and increase after physical activity.

  • burning in the genital area;
  • heaviness in the abdomen;
  • increased skin temperature in the perineum;
  • pain when urinating;
  • general weakness of the body;
  • drying of the mucous membranes;
  • swelling of the labia;
  • redness of the skin in the perineum;
  • pain during and after intercourse.

With the development of a disease such as varicose veins of the vulva, one can observe the accumulation of vessels that form nodes and blue bumps that rise above the skin. In the late stage of the disease, the tissues swell so much that it prevents the woman from sitting normally. This usually drives the patient into depression, because the vagina acquires an unaesthetic appearance and violates sexual life.

Vulvar varicose veins, which developed during pregnancy, go away on their own after giving birth, only in 13% of women it remains in the active stage.

Vaginal varicose veins are characterized by venous insufficiency and a significant thinning of the walls of blood vessels, which causes a disturbance in the blood circulation cycle and the expansion of veins, forming nodular formations. The main lever for the development of varicose veins in the vagina is pregnancy. The fact is that the body during this period produces the hormone progesterone, which retains any fluids and increases the volume of blood circulation. In addition, it reduces vein mobility.

Of course, increased blood supply is simply necessary for the normal development of the fetus, since it is with the blood that nutrients are supplied. But on the other hand, this creates special pressure on the internal organs in the pelvis. In addition, a growing fetus causes the uterus to grow significantly in size. Therefore, the pressure on the circulatory system of the vagina increases. If the vessels are at least slightly weakened, then the veins necessarily expand.

Recognize varicose veins of the vagina by the following signs:

  • Discomfort during sexual intercourse and battle after it, which may be accompanied by pain. The fact is that with the development of vaginal varicose veins, this organ has an increased sensitivity.
  • In the area of ​​the entire vagina, the woman experiences itchy sensations, the organ swells with the labia. This is noticeable to the naked eye.
  • Pain can be pulling and cutting, especially in the lower abdomen. Sometimes the pain is accompanied by severe spasms and moves to the lower back.
  • If during menstruation a woman almost never experiences pain, then with varicose veins of the vagina she is present.
  • As with premenstrual syndrome, varicose veins can cause disturbances in the psychoemotional background – a woman becomes overly irritable and even aggressive.
  • In the groin there is a feeling of bloating and heaviness, which is accompanied by a burning sensation.
  • Upon examination, the gynecologist will definitely note that the walls of the vagina have acquired a blue tint. This happens in the early stages of varicose veins. Then the crimson color is attached.
  • With a gynecological examination, the veins at the beginning of the disease practically do not appear through the skin and mucous membranes of the vagina, but then they become noticeable, especially when nodules form.
  • With hardware examination methods, it is evident that the structure of the walls acquires friability and significant swelling.

Varicosis of the labia during pregnancy, a woman can feel on her own when the condition worsens, but more often it is found during a gynecological examination. Signs of the disease in the initial stage are swelling and darkening of the vulva, swollen veins in the vagina.

Symptoms that a woman feels: heaviness and bursting in the groin area, soreness when touched and physical exertion, discomfort or pain during intercourse, burning and itching in the clitoris, unpleasant pulling sensations in the lower abdomen. If treatment does not begin at this stage, cramps in the perineum area join (lips become like stone), frequent urination and oliguria, flatulence increases. Spastic constipation appears.

Inguinal varicose veins in women begins with the appearance of a small nodule on one of the shameless lips, small or large, felt like a swelling. If you immediately contact a gynecologist, it is possible to stop the spread of the disease.

The intimate area may become painful or sensitive. Sometimes it seems to women that a hematoma develops in the genital area. Other symptoms include the following:

  • feeling of pressure or overcrowding in the area of ​​the vulva;
  • edema in the intimate area;
  • pain that worsens after standing, intercourse, or physical activity.

Veins can also appear in the perineum, that is, in the area between the vagina and the anus. Some women with vulvar varicose veins also develop hemorrhoids.

Varicosis of the labia during pregnancy does not look very aesthetically pleasing. Many women consider this a cosmetic defect, which is why they do not consult a specialist. Symptoms of varicose veins may not be felt for a long time, manifesting only in the late stages of the disease. Enlarged veins on the labia lead to such unpleasant manifestations:

  • edema of the external genitalia;
  • bulging vessels, often a venous node is formed, which hurts when pressed;
  • the formation of spider veins and nets on the skin in the perineum;
  • pain sensations;
  • burning sensation and fullness.

After sex in a woman, all signs of varicose veins become aggravated. The pain is characterized by a pulling or aching character, and can be given to the sacral region. Genital varicose veins negatively affects the general condition of the patient, she feels depressed. Against the background of varicose veins, working capacity decreases, fatigue, irritability occur. With the development of varicose veins in the labia, the woman experiences difficulties and pain when walking, while sitting or lying down.

Varicose veins are localized on the labia majora. A pregnant woman may initially begin to complain of excessive dryness of the mucous membrane. The skin changes its color, and the labia themselves swell. They can reach large sizes and prevent a woman from sitting normally. Spider veins and venous nodules appear.

At first there are not many, but as the disease progresses, their number increases. After the veins swell, the discomfort intensifies. They radiate into the sacrum. The process of urination is accompanied by pain. Such a pregnancy makes the woman uncomfortable almost all the time.

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Labia varicose veins

Diagnostic procedures

If a woman has a vein swollen in the labia, it is immediately required to see a gynecologist or phlebologist. Varicose vulva can be mistaken for other diseases, therefore, differential diagnosis is required. It is important to distinguish varicose veins from cystic formations, inflammation or endometriosis.

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A visual examination of the damaged area of ​​the labia is carried out and a detailed history is collected. To determine varicose blood donated to a coagulogram. Mandatory manipulation is an intravaginal examination with ultrasound, in which it turns out in what condition the uterine veins are. If it is impossible to make an accurate diagnosis, additional manipulations are prescribed, which include:

  • dopplerography;
  • duplex scanning;
  • phlebography with a highlight;
  • CT and MRI.

Minimally invasive surgical procedures are also carried out to normalize the condition of the woman during pregnancy. Of course, doctors try to avoid any surgical interventions, but if there is a risk to the life of the patient and her child, then they carry out:

  1. Phlebectomy is an operation consisting in the administration of a special probe into the patient’s vein under the control of ultrasound equipment, expanding, it increases the lumen in the vessels and normalizes blood flow in the genital area.
  2. Radio-frequency coagulation – they are used very often, since it is almost painless. Deformed veins are exposed to high-frequency radiation. For this, there is no need to even make incisions or punctures, the rays easily penetrate the skin.
  3. Laser correction – the procedure consists in the introduction of laser LEDs through punctures in the mucous membrane of the labia. The laser pulse burns the walls of the affected veins, increasing the lumen and normalizing blood circulation. In the future, places from burns heal and the veins become completely healthy. The risk of developing pathology is repeatedly equal to almost 0%.

Symptoms of the disease

To facilitate the manifestation of the disease, doctors recommend to abandon high heels and not to lift weights. As noted earlier, varicose labia of the labia most often develops against the background of blood stagnation. Therefore, any physical activity is useful, not aggravating the course of the disease. This can be swimming in the pool or yoga.

In addition to this, it is necessary to monitor intimate hygiene; to wash it, use not special soap, but special gels. Hygiene procedures should be carried out in the morning and evening, regularly change underwear. With regard to the diet, it is better for some time to abandon foods rich in vitamin C. It reduces the permeability of blood vessels, creating puffiness.

Compression underwear – this is one of the most common ways that allows swollen veins to return to normal. As a rule, use special stockings. Squeezing the limbs, the tissue causes the muscles to remain in constant tone.

Alternative therapies and alternative recipes

As an addition to the main therapy, folk recipes can be used, of course, they will not eliminate the inflamed veins, but nevertheless, they can relieve unpleasant symptoms. For example, green tomatoes have proven themselves very well. They are cut in half and applied midway to the inflamed skin of the perineum and labia.

Nutmeg tincture will not only restore blood circulation, but also increase the body’s immune forces. Nutmeg is crushed, mixed with honey and boiled water. Means insist 2 days and drink half a glass on an empty stomach in the morning.

Avoid thrombosis and increase hemoglobin juice from carrots or beets. You can alternate these two drinks with each other. The main principle of their use is on an empty stomach. You need to drink juice in the morning on an empty stomach and in the evening before going to bed.

Good effect on the well-being of a woman washing her labia with decoctions of herbs and the use of bathtubs from lemon balm, nettle and a string. Compress from cabbage leaf has a positive effect not only on the veins of the lower extremities, it also has a therapeutic effect with varicose veins. Cabbage leaf is burned with boiling water, and, smeared with vegetable oil, is applied to the affected area.

Preventive measures

The main factor in the formation of varicose veins in the groin is gestation. It is difficult to name any preventive methods, taking into account the fact that during pregnancy there are a number of restrictions on many therapeutic measures. Some tips to follow:

  • exclude physical and static loads;
  • follow a diet;
  • perform therapeutic exercises, in which movements accelerate the outflow of blood from the legs and organs of the lower pelvis;
  • in case of violation of the veins, the presence of HRV before pregnancy, it is necessary to take phlebotropic drugs, wear compression underwear.

An effective method of prevention is the operation on the ovarian veins, surgery for other pathologies associated with BPV. This reduces the occurrence of pelvic venous stasis, reduces the risk of varicose veins. Vulvar varicose veins is a common disease in women with varicose veins of the pelvis, legs, or during gestation.

If you have a tendency to develop varicose veins in the vagina or you are pregnant, be sure to use the recommendations of prevention specialists:

  • Do special exercises daily. You can find out about the complex from your doctor. Classes will accelerate blood circulation and eliminate the risk of congestion. But remember that the loads should not be too strong.
  • Take a contrast shower. Be sure to direct a stream of water to the perineum and abdomen.
  • Sometimes frequent constipation provokes the development of problems with the circulatory system. To eliminate them, eat more fiber-rich foods.
  • As a preventative measure, brew herbs that improve blood and vascular functionality. It can be chestnut, walnut, lycopodia, melilot, lumbago, clover, etc.
  • Wear only comfortable underwear, preferably made from natural fabric. Discard synthetics and tight clothing. Be sure to buy compression underwear during pregnancy. But only a doctor should recommend this type of clothing.
  • To avoid stagnation in the blood – lead an active lifestyle. Walk more, do sports. If you have a sedentary job, take breaks every hour. At this time, you can do charging.
  • Master the method of breathing exercises. Oxygen entering the body supplies the entire circulatory system.
  • Do not lift or carry unbearable weights, because tension also occurs on the vagina.
  • No need to overwork, take enough rest.
  • Avoid stressful situations because they lead to hormonal disruption.

In conclusion, it should be noted that varicose veins in the vagina have a rather favorable prognosis, but only on the condition that you will not self-medicate and consult a specialist in a timely manner. You definitely need to visit a gynecologist and a phlebologist.

Varicose veins on the labia will help prevent:

  • regular walks in the fresh air at a slow pace;
  • periodic rest with raised legs;
  • contrast washings;
  • the right choice of shoes with heels no higher than 5 cm;
  • good nutrition to prevent constipation;
  • massage of the lower extremities.

It is advisable to sleep on the left side – this reduces pressure on the pelvic organs and improves blood flow. If the disease progresses, symptoms appear that indicate expansion of the perineal veins, you must consult a doctor. Proper treatment stops the development of varicose veins and helps to prepare for independent birth.

Exercise therapy and diet will help prevent complications or relapse.

It is possible to prevent the development of varicose veins of the labia by performing special exercises and observing proper nutrition. It is recommended to avoid heavy physical labor and weight lifting. With a tendency to obesity, it is worth carefully controlling body weight. During pregnancy, a woman should wear a compression bandage that supports vascular tone and does not cause stretching of the veins. Regular maintenance of intimate hygiene reduces the risk of varicose labia.

Varicose labia, the causes of which were discussed above, is considered an unpleasant disease. How can I prevent it? First of all, experts recommend to adhere to an active lifestyle, to devote more time to exercise. When sedentary work should be periodically take a break at an easy gymnastics, and at lunch you can walk along the street.

It is better to abandon high heels, replacing them with comfortable shoes. In the case of a clear predisposition to the disease, it is necessary to use compression underwear, periodically visit the consultations of a phlebologist. Varicose veins are not a fatal disease, but you should not neglect its prevention. Be healthy!

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Tatyana Jakowenko

Editor-in-chief of the Detonic online magazine, cardiologist Yakovenko-Plahotnaya Tatyana. Author of more than 950 scientific articles, including in foreign medical journals. He has been working as a cardiologist in a clinical hospital for over 12 years. He owns modern methods of diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases and implements them in his professional activities. For example, it uses methods of resuscitation of the heart, decoding of ECG, functional tests, cyclic ergometry and knows echocardiography very well.

For 10 years, she has been an active participant in numerous medical symposia and workshops for doctors - families, therapists and cardiologists. He has many publications on a healthy lifestyle, diagnosis and treatment of heart and vascular diseases.

He regularly monitors new publications of European and American cardiology journals, writes scientific articles, prepares reports at scientific conferences and participates in European cardiology congresses.

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