The consequences of a micro stroke in men with legs

A stroke belongs to the group of cerebrovascular pathologies. Small forms differentiate into the same types as strokes. The category depends on the location of the lesion and the course of the disease. Types of microstrokes are hemorrhagic and ischemic.

Hemorrhagic attacks appear after a heart attack, atherosclerosis, arterial hypertension. The patient’s face is numb, headaches are increasing, difficulties with movement are recorded. This type is rarely diagnosed, but it provokes irreversible consequences.

Ischemic stroke develops as a result of damage to brain cells due to the appearance of a blood clot. The reason for the blockage of the vessel is a sharp increase in blood pressure, skull injury, stress.

Symptoms are manifested in headache, loss of consciousness. The condition normalizes after a few hours. Ischemic forms include atherothrombotic, embolic and lacunar strokes.

Microstroke: the “younger” brother of a stroke with dangerous consequences

Only this violation is transient. That is recoverable. And abbreviated pathology is called PNMK (transient cerebrovascular accident).

The disorder is accompanied by focal neurological signs. A similar phenomenon precedes such a more serious illness as a stroke.

The danger of a microstroke is that it is a harbinger of big problems. Moreover, among men of working age (from 20 to 54 years), PNMC is recorded in 25% of those who went to clinics or who had already fallen into the hospital for examination or treatment.

According to statistics, it is also believed that a microstroke may be the debut of a latent cerebrovascular disease.

To understand how a microstroke occurs, you need to understand that with an ischemic attack, the lumen of the artery is sharply clogged with a blood clot. The body independently eliminates the blockade, resuming a healthy blood flow. Cerebral circulation normalizes within a few minutes, and the first signs of a micro stroke disappear.

Acute oxygen deficiency, lasting several minutes, does not lead to the death of brain tissue. Therefore, after an attack, the first symptoms of a microstroke are quickly eliminated, cells restore their activity without the development of neurological abnormalities.

It is possible to accurately verify the diagnosis only after a few days after the blockade. For this, computed tomography of the brain is performed, which reveals the presence of affected areas.

Manifestations of the disease depend on the location of the lesion in the brain. With the left-sided form, the activity of the right side of the body is disrupted. This form is diagnosed more often, and is accompanied by a violation of speech skills, intellectual abilities. With a right-sided stroke, speech is not disturbed.

A stroke is an acute violation of the blood flow in the brain due to arterial obstruction. This phenomenon provokes cerebral dysfunction. A minor stroke represents the same pathological condition, but with it a cumulative neurological effect is maintained for several days.

To understand how to recognize a microstroke, you need to differentiate a small type of stroke from an extensive one.

The first distinguishing feature is the time that the body needs to fight the resulting blood clot. With extensive hemorrhage, the clot is eliminated in about a day. During this period, brain structures atrophy due to a lack of oxygen and nutrients.

Affected cells are not able to recover, which leads to the development of irreversible consequences: loss of vision, impaired speech skills, paralysis. 30% of patients die after a blood clot.

The second difference between a stroke and a microstroke is the non-specificity of the symptoms of a small form. It happens that doctors sometimes mistakenly diagnose vegetovascular dystonia, believing that the patient has impaired vascular tone.

You must understand what a microstroke is, because the lack of treatment provokes irreversible consequences. A similar condition signals a malfunction in the cerebral blood supply, the development of ischemia.

Vascular obstruction appears due to narrowing of the lumen, which causes a decrease in blood supply and hypoxia. The vessel can be blocked by a plaque, metastasis, thrombus, gas bubble. If the capillary ruptures, a hemorrhagic form of the disease forms. Vascular spasm is manifested in hypertensive patients. Sudden pressure drops lead to both stroke and other disorders of brain functioning.

Microstroke occurs as a result of exposure to causes that provoke the development of other cardiovascular diseases. Such causes include hypertension, obesity, frequent drinking of alcohol, smoking, stress, and the wrong lifestyle.

There are risk factors that increase the likelihood of blockade:

  • atherosclerosis of cerebral vessels;
  • heart disease, manifested in valve abnormalities, arrhythmias;
  • arterial hypertension;
  • diabetes;
  • allergic vasculitis;
  • osteochondrosis;
  • apnea – respiratory arrest in a dream;
  • tumor neoplasms.

Often, various types of brain microstroke occur after traumatic brain injuries, operations carried out in the head.

The risk of developing a micro stroke increases after 30 years of age. This is due to a slowdown in metabolism in all organs and systems, including small vessels. There is a decrease in vascular diameter. Capillaries begin to show a low response to commands from the nervous system.

Despite the fact that the disease is more often detected in women, men suffering from chronic alcoholism are at risk. Prolonged binges disrupt the blood supply to the brain. Since the signs of such disorders are lost against the background of withdrawal symptoms, many patients ignore them.

To understand how to determine a microstroke, you need to know its symptoms. The disease is diagnosed in both women and men of different ages, and the symptoms of microstroke do not have gender differences. In men 18-40 years old, the disease is detected more often than in women of the same age category.

A common symptom of a brain microstroke is an intense headache, which is the first sign of a disease in women. Pain can not be eliminated with analgesic drugs. It can occur several times a day, accompanied by dizziness, nausea. The patient notes a breakdown, drowsiness, apathy. Blood pressure levels increase, breathing quickens, heart pains increase.

Gradually, the condition worsens, which is expressed in characteristic symptoms. Many are interested in how to find out what a microstroke was. This is indicated by incorrect coordination of movements resulting from damage to the smallest capillaries.

A person often falls, has problems with movement. A similar sign clearly indicates brain dysfunction. Excessive sweating, chills, photophobia are observed, the patient is irritated by loud noises.

With increased blood pressure, hyperemia of the skin on the face develops. Uncharacteristic signs of the disease are shortness of breath, hearing loss, thirst, hiccups, chest pain. Some patients note an excited state, an increase in temperature values.

The progression of the pathology leads to the appearance of characteristic symptoms, which requires urgent medical attention. Such manifestations include:

  • numbness of the muscles of the face, limbs;
  • unconsciousness;
  • loss of speech skills;
  • spaces in memory;
  • vomiting;
  • vision problems.

Usually, the symptoms of a microstroke can be noticed after a sharp jump in blood pressure. If you know how a stroke manifests, you can accelerate the start of treatment. At the beginning of therapeutic measures after 3-5 hours after the attack, you can fully restore the lost functions.

Many people suffer a microstroke on their legs without feeling pathological changes. Signs of this condition can be expressed in mild weakness in the limbs, minor speech disorders.

The danger of this condition is expressed in the possibility of re-development of the blockade. Relapse leads to irreversibility of consequences or disability.

To understand how the microstroke goes and what causes the complications, it is necessary to assess the degree of damage to the brain structures, to find out the age of the patient and the presence of concomitant diseases. With slight damage to the capillaries, patient rehabilitation does not take much time.

With the development of the disease in old age, against the background of problems with the cardiovascular system, the following complications form: increased irritability, deep depression, deterioration of intellectual abilities, systematic pain in the head.

The dominant method for diagnosing any malfunctions in the cerebral blood supply is magnetic resonance imaging.

Since MRI refers to inaccessible methods of examination, it is used only in serious cases, after certain tests. Initially, a neurologist examines the patient, assessing the state of reflexes and muscles. It is required to determine the concentration of cholesterol and measure the pressure – the values ​​will be high. A high blood coagulation rate indicates an increased risk of blood clots in the vascular plexuses of the brain.

It is also necessary to examine the vessels for blood clots, plaques. If they are detected, it is recommended to eliminate the formation using surgical intervention.

Mandatory diagnostic methods include vein scanning, blood sampling, electrocardiogram, ultrasound. Such diagnostic methods can minimize the chance of the reappearance and transition of the disease into a more severe form.

  1. Call the ambulance.
  2. The patient needs to be laid: continuing to be in an upright position, he may fall when dizziness occurs. The continuation of the implementation of the work begun is generally harmful: it takes the energy needed to restore the brain.
  3. The patient should be on a hard surface, with the head end raised by 30 ° (put a pillow or folded sheet under the head). So there is a greater chance that fluid will accumulate less in the cranial cavity, causing brain edema. The patient’s head is turned to one side to prevent vomiting from entering the respiratory tract if vomiting develops.
  4. It is necessary to unfasten the belt and collar, remove from the person the clothes that can squeeze it.
  5. When you stop breathing and palpitations, you need to start resuscitation before the arrival of the ambulance. The main action in the absence of a heartbeat is to press the sternum with crossed palms with a frequency of 100-120 pressure per minute. The first 2-3 minutes you can not do artificial respiration: a small amount of air will fall into the lungs with pressure on the sternum.
  6. If possible, blood pressure should be measured. If it is higher than 160/100 mm Hg, and the person is conscious, you can give him a drink of the pill that he constantly takes. A drug such as “Captopril” or “Anaprilin” can be put under the tongue: so the action will come faster.
  • A microstroke is a small focal necrosis of brain tissue that occurs with mild neurological symptoms.
  • It is worth noting that this term is not used in official medicine: the diagnosis in any case sounds like an acute violation of cerebral circulation.
  • Consider the first signs of a microstroke in men, the basics of helping the victim, as well as the symptoms of complications and possible health consequences.
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First signs

Symptoms of a microstroke in men

First signs

All patients with a characteristic clinical picture are hospitalized in a hospital with a diagnosis of stroke.

However, unlike a stroke, with this violation, an irreversible death of a small number of neurons occurs. Most often, the effects of a microstroke are well compensated, and there is no neurological deficit.

With a micro stroke, two groups of symptoms are distinguished:

  1. Cerebral – neurological disorders resulting from increased intracranial pressure, cerebral edema, impaired cerebrospinal fluid outflow. They do not give a clear idea of ​​the location of the micro-stroke focus.
  2. Focal – signs characteristic of local damage to the structures of the central nervous system. By their nature, it is possible to determine which area of ​​the brain has suffered as a result of a violation of blood supply.

Cerebral symptoms are manifested:

  • dizziness;
  • suddenly developed headache;
  • ataxia – a violation of coordination;
  • anxiety, fear of death;
  • fainting and other types of impaired consciousness (stupor, stupor, stupor);
  • flickering of “flies” before the eyes;
  • nausea, vomiting;
  • intolerance to bright light, noise.
PoolSymptoms of a microstroke
Internal carotid artery (carotid)
  • transient mono- and hemiparesis – a decrease in muscle strength in one limb or half of the body;
  • decreased peripheral sensitivity;
  • numbness of the limbs and face;
  • feeling of creeping “goosebumps” on the skin;
  • speech impairment.
Vertebral and main arteries (vertebro-basilar)
  • hemianopsia – bilateral blindness in half the field of view;
  • nystagmus – involuntary eye fluctuations;
  • diplopia – double vision;
  • photopsy – the appearance in the field of view of bright flashes, lightning;
  • ataxia;
  • disorientation in time and space.

Often, the above symptoms are not fully expressed and not sharply. The patient feels only malaise, headache, dizziness, intolerance to light and sound stimuli, numbness of the extremities, a slight violation of coordination of movements.

Often a microstroke is diagnosed after the fact, when a person goes to the doctor with complaints about the consequences of a brain disaster – frequent headache, dizziness. During the examination, a neurologist can identify foci of hemorrhage and areas of necrosis in the brain tissue.

Recognizing a microstroke in both men and women is easy at home. It is enough to carry out a simple but reliable test developed by American neurologists, which allows you to diagnose acute vascular disorders in the central nervous system in 80% of cases.

  1. The patient is asked to smile broadly and show his tongue. With hemiplegia, there is a noticeable asymmetry, the corner of the mouth on one side “sags”.
  2. The victim raises straight arms at an angle of 90 ° and tries to hold them for 5-10 seconds. With a micro stroke, one of the hands slowly drops.
  3. The patient is asked to say a short, simple phrase, for example, say the day of the week or your name. Moreover, his speech is illegible, slurred.

The presence of at least one alarming symptom is an occasion for an immediate call to an ambulance.

Even if the manifestations of the disease disappeared after a few minutes, it is important that the injured man is examined by doctors who will find out the cause of blood circulation problems in the brain and prescribe the appropriate treatment.

Who is at risk?

It is believed that stroke stroke is a disease exclusively of elderly patients, but this is not entirely true. Indeed, the risk of developing a microstroke increases sharply after 50-60 years and older, however, men at a young age (20-30 years old) are not immune from the pathology.

To provoke an attack and cause the disease can:

  • atherosclerosis;
  • congenital malformations of the structure of the cerebral vessels;
  • hypertension;
  • a sharp decrease in blood pressure during myocardial infarction and acute heart failure, collapse, shock, drug hypotension;
  • diabetes;
  • congenital heart defects;
  • heart rhythm disturbances;
  • change in the rheological properties of blood (increased viscosity, thrombosis);
  • cervical osteochondrosis;
  • acute diseases complicated by hemorrhages (flu, staphylococcal, meningococcal infection).

In addition, there is a group of factors that can provoke the development of the disease.

  • alcohol abuse;
  • smoking;
  • drug addiction;
  • malnutrition and lifestyle;
  • excess weight;
  • hypodynamia;
  • intense physical labor;
  • work in hazardous industries;
  • acute and chronic poisoning by poisons, heavy metals, chemicals causing angiospasm;
  • high exposure to stress;
  • burdened by heredity.

Due to the nature of the risk factors, microstroke, like other vascular accidents, is more common in men than in women. It is difficult to assess the prevalence of this pathology, because often patients do not attach importance to symptoms that even after several hours pass without treatment and do not go to the doctor.

However, it is very dangerous to bear pathology on the legs: half of these patients may encounter a “real” stroke and its formidable complications over the next 5 years.

First aid measures for a microstroke should be started as early as possible: the success of treatment depends on this. If a man suddenly became ill, you need to immediately call an ambulance.

While the doctors are traveling, the victim should be given first aid:

  1. Lay the victim on a flat surface with a raised head end. Even if the patient’s condition has stabilized, you can not allow him to get up.
  2. In case of vomiting, turn your head to the side to avoid aspiration by vomit. You can not give a man to drink and eat, as there may be a violation of swallowing function.
  3. Measure blood pressure. It is advisable to give antihypertensive drugs only after consulting a doctor.
  4. Ensure sufficient oxygen access: open the windows in the room, unfasten the tight collar of the shirt, loosen the belt, etc.
  5. Dim the bright light and turn off the “loud” devices (radio, TV).
  6. When cardiac arrest – start resuscitation.

After hospitalization in the hospital, the patient should undergo a standard examination, which will help to find out the causes, localization and severity of the microstroke.

  • clinical and neurological examination;
  • laboratory tests (OAC, OAM, biochemical blood test, coagulogram, lipidogram);
  • Doppler ultrasound of the vessels of the neck and head;
  • CT / MRI of the brain;
  • angiography of cerebral vessels;
  • blood pressure monitoring;
  • ECG;
  • R-graphy of the cervical spine.

A detected neurologist or neurosurgeon can treat the identified violations. First of all, the actions of a specialist are aimed at restoring cerebral circulation and preventing complications.

To eliminate the causes and consequences of blockage of blood vessels, you can use the appointment:

  • vasodilator drugs (Pentoxifylline, Instenon);
  • angioprotectors that improve microcirculation in the vessels of the central nervous system (Tanakana);
  • agents stimulating metabolic processes (Actovegin, Mexico);
  • antiplatelet agents (dipyridamole, low doses of acetylsalicylic acid);
  • Nootropics (Cerebrolysin, Vinpocetine);
  • multivitamin complexes.

With timely medical care, a microstroke passes almost without consequences.

Sometimes for several weeks a man persists:

  • fatigue, weakness;
  • frequent headaches;
  • bouts of dizziness;
  • carelessness, distraction;
  • drowsiness;
  • emotional lability, frequent mood swings;
  • shakiness, gait instability.

If the symptoms of pathology are ignored, the patient significantly increases the risk of a second attack or extensive stroke.

In this case, irreversible and sometimes extremely serious consequences of a microstroke carried over on the legs develop:

  • paralysis / paresis;
  • a sharp decrease or complete loss of vision;
  • speech disorders;
  • convulsive attacks;
  • mental disorders (bouts of unmotivated aggression, depression, apathy to everything that happens);
  • deterioration of memory and cognitive (cognitive) functions;
  • problems with eating and liquids due to impaired swallowing function;
  • urinary incontinence, feces.

Particularly noteworthy are multiple micro strokes, which also occur with a mild symptomatology (a patient may feel impaired by an attack of hypertension, fatigue, stress, heat).

Unlike ONMK, which occurs with vivid clinical signs, they are not always diagnosed and treated in a timely manner, which means they can lead to:

  • severe extensive stroke;
  • severe dysfunction of the brain, vascular dementia (dementia);
  • swelling of the brain tissue.

That is why even an insignificant episode of blood flow disturbance in the brain tissues should be a serious reason to take up your health. Prevention of the disease consists in constant monitoring of pressure, rejection of bad habits, elimination of risk factors.

There is a stereotype that the disease affects mainly elderly patients with worn vessels. This is not true – a microstroke can occur even in thirties.

Further in the article we will tell you about the symptoms and the first signs of a brain microstroke, how it manifests itself in men and what is the provision of first aid and treatment for an attack.

General information

Transient ischemic attacks are divided into two varieties: ischemic and hemorrhagic. In the first case, a temporary circulatory disturbance is observed as a result of malfunctioning of the vascular system or an increase in the size of atherosclerotic plaques.

With a hemorrhagic microstroke, a rupture of the vessel occurs due to a strong blood flow (high blood pressure).

What is the difference

A microstroke affects only small vessels, small areas of the brain are affected, the phenomenon does not affect its functioning in any way, so the pathology often goes unnoticed, blood circulation in the nearby areas is quickly restored.

A microstroke resembles a stroke, but its symptoms disappear within a few minutes, a maximum of a day, with a full stroke, the vessels remain blocked for a long time.

The signs of a regular and a microstroke most often do not differ, against the background of physical overload, stress or increased pressure, a strong unexpected headache occurs, perception is impaired.

  • the size and location of the damaged cerebral vessel;
  • timeliness of measures taken;
  • health status of the patient and his age.
CauseWhat caused TIA
Cerebral arteriosclerosisOne reason:
• if a piece of an atherosclerotic plaque comes off and clogs up – not completely, but by 55-75% – a narrow part of the vessel, which is closer to the brain tissue, and then dissolves by the body;
• if a thrombus has accumulated on an atherosclerotic plaque and reduced (did not block) the lumen of the vessel, after which it dissolves after a while;
• if the wall of the vessel in which the atherosclerotic plaque has deposited has become thicker, which is why the diameter of the vessel has decreased.
Thrombosis of the lower extremities, including that occurred as a result of taking contraceptives, varicose veins. Higher risk if, in addition to dilated veins, thrombophlebitis or contraceptives, a person suffers from arrhythmiaThere is a separation of the blood clot and its “journey” through the bloodstream, as a result of which it stops in one of the vessels of the brain, disrupting the nutrition of neurons, and then the thrombus dissolves
Smoking or taking vasospasmThe vessels are strongly compressed, in one of the areas (usually the vessel most affected by inflammation, diabetes mellitus or another pathology) the blood almost ceases to flow to the brain, but then the spasm passes
Bone surgery (especially large), burns, bruises of the subcutaneous tissueThe suspension of a suspension containing fat molecules in the bloodstream, followed by a short-term blockage of one of the brain vessels
Subclavian Theft SyndromeAt the same time, there is a narrowing of the subclavian artery even before the vertebral artery that feeds the brain stem departs from it. When a person with such a disease actively works with his hands, most of the blood goes to his hands, and parts of the brain lack nutrition
Anemia (hemoglobin too low)Not enough oxygen enters the brain due to the few molecules transporting it (hemoglobin)
Carbon monoxide poisoningHemoglobin is blocked by a carbon monoxide molecule and cannot transport oxygen
Increased blood viscosity: with a large number of red blood cells (polycythemia), chronic diseases of the heart or bronchi, constant intake of a small amount of liquidPeriodically, blood cannot squeeze through some small vessels
  • headache, which is growing;
  • dizziness;
  • numbness of an arm, leg, or part of the face;
  • blurry vision;
  • severe weakness;
  • nausea;
  • sharp loss of coordination;
  • loss of a thread of narration – a person becomes silent at a glance or begins to respond inappropriately to words;
  • black dots or flashes in front of the eyes;
  • sensation of “goosebumps” on the skin.
  • Vasodilators help restore and increase blood supply, including in the injured area of ​​the brain.
  • Nootropics improve cognitive abilities. They are used to enhance mental activity and improve memory, which could suffer due to an attack.
  • Antiplatelet agents are prescribed if there is a danger of thrombosis. These drugs prevent platelets from sticking together and fixing on arterial walls.
  • Angioprotectors have a positive effect on the entire vascular bed and improve metabolic processes in them. These drugs are prescribed for almost all patients.
  • headache and dizziness;
  • loss of consciousness;
  • problems with coordination of movements;
  • problems with speech and vision;
  • numbness of the limbs and cramps;
  • pressure increase;
  • vomiting and nausea;
  • vascular pathology and heart disease;
  • old age of the patient;
  • alcohol consumption;
  • obesity;
  • diabetes, high cholesterol in the blood;
  • lack of physical activity;

Microstroke: the “younger” brother of a stroke with dangerous consequences

What is the difference

  • violation of coordination of movements;
  • feeling of numbness of the limbs and muscles of the face;
  • weakness in the limbs;
  • defocusing of vision;
  • impaired speech and perception;
  • vomiting against a headache;
  • goose-flesh;
  • sharp sounds, bright light cause irritation;
  • short-term loss of consciousness, amnesia.

With a microstroke, the symptoms appear together or separately.

The female body is more prone to strokes, this is associated with an increased risk of blood clots and complications. Female patients are often more susceptible to stress, tend to focus on problems. In addition to standard symptoms, women may have the following symptoms:

  • sharp sensation of numbness, tingling in one or more limbs;
  • feelings of weakness on one or both sides of the face;
  • sudden severe headache;
  • the impossibility of constructing a related statement;
  • deep rapid breathing;
  • blurred vision;
  • redness of the face;
  • convulsions.

Atypical symptoms sometimes occur:

  • nausea;
  • depressive state;
  • sudden heart palpitations;
  • suffocation;
  • disorientation;
  • abdominal pain;
  • a sharp attack of hiccups;
  • out of control emotions;
  • pain in the limb;
  • dry mouth.

The first signs of a microstroke vary in a wide range depending on the location and diameter of the affected vessel, an important role is also played by the mechanism of pathology development (squeezing, spasm, thrombus, breakdown of autoregulation of blood circulation in the brain, etc.).

Quite often, the patient does not even suspect a microstroke, as he does not take seriously the short-lived usual headache, dizziness, tingling, or numbness.

Transient ischemic attack may be accompanied by muscle weakness, blurred vision.

You can check for a stroke in the following ways:

  • standing in front of the patient to ask him to smile, with a micro stroke, there is a bias or immobility of the facial muscles on one side of the face;
  • tongue, if put out, will be turned or twisted to the side;
  • one of the arms straightened with palms turned upwards in case of lesions of the brain circulation will deviate to the side or down in a few moments;
  • when pronouncing a short phrase, speech distortion is observed, it becomes slurred, as with alcohol intoxication.

When certain signs appear, you should contact a therapist, cardiologist.

  • confused consciousness, nausea, vomiting, cramps;
  • speech impairment;
  • difficulty trying to smile;
  • sharp muscle weakness or paralysis of one of the limbs;
  • unexpected visual impairment;
  • dizziness, high blood pressure, sharp headache;
  • loss of sensitivity of the skin;
  • sensation of “goosebumps.”

The most dangerous consequence of a microstroke is a high risk of developing a full stroke over the next three days, which can provoke the death of brain cells. The cause of a new attack is irreversible damage to the brain tissue, pathology affects 30% of patients who have had a microstroke.

The risk of stroke within 7 days after the incident is from 1 -11%, depending on the timeliness of treatment. The risk group includes patients of both sexes who did not see a doctor on time.

It is very important to timely recognize the signs of the disease and call an ambulance, it is necessary to take measures before her arrival. The patient should be placed on a hard surface, the head should be raised in order to prevent cerebral edema, such measures will facilitate the implementation of rehabilitation measures.

With vomiting reflexes, the patient is advised to hang his head to one side, which will help prevent the vomit from getting into the airways and help avoid asphyxiation.

It is necessary to ensure free access of air, the collar and belt must be unfastened, as they can put pressure on the body.

If possible, blood pressure should be measured, with high blood pressure it is recommended to take a hypotensive drug (prescribed by a doctor in advance). All these efforts are designed to ensure a quick recovery before the ambulance arrives.

First aid includes:

  • gradual decrease in blood pressure;
  • improving heart function;
  • resumption of cerebral circulation;
  • improvement of metabolic processes in nerve tissues;
  • relief of cerebral edema;
  • improved microcirculation of the brain.

Aftermath

The consequences may vary, much depends on the age of the patient, the background and severity of concomitant diseases, the timeliness of the assistance provided. In most cases, there are no noticeable consequences, in some patients memory may deteriorate, attentiveness may decrease, depression, aggressiveness, or tearfulness may appear.

There are also situations when, over the next 3 days, serious ischemic or hemorrhagic strokes occur. In 60% of cases, a repeated transient ischemic attack of the brain occurs, which entails more serious consequences.

In any case, the transferred microstroke should be a serious reason for reconsidering the attitude to your health. It is recommended to normalize the lifestyle, abandon bad habits, adhere to a diet, regularly undergo medical examination.

Causes

A sufficiently large number of reasons can trigger the development of a micro stroke. Many of them can cause other problems associated with the cardiovascular system.

  1. Overeating, which can provoke the formation of excess body fat. It is no secret that the representatives of the male half will not refuse to eat tasty and satisfying. Moreover, quite often they consume more than the body needs food volume. This is one of the reasons that the vessels are exposed to excessive pressure, which causes a weakening of their functions. That is why you should eat more often, but in smaller portions.
  2. Excessive drinking. The strong half of humanity is inclined to this. We are not talking about the fact that strong drinks should be completely prohibited. Everything is good in moderation.
  3. Inactivity, sedentary office work. If a person spends most of the day in the office at the computer, and besides, he feeds on semi-finished products, this can provoke a situation when the vessels eventually “rebel”. Such men are recommended to exercise in their free time from work, visiting gyms, active recreation, healthy eating, introducing a sufficient amount of fruits and vegetables into their diet. Otherwise, health problems will arise, and the consequences can be serious, sometimes irreversible.
  4. Frequent stressful situations and overwork. Men, as a rule, keep their emotions in check, not splashing them out, which causes the development of all kinds of problems with the heart and blood vessels.
  5. Smoking. Nicotine has an extremely negative effect on male health in general and on blood vessels. Their walls weaken, natural elasticity disappears, blood clots appear. All this gives an impetus to the occurrence of a micro stroke.
  6. The disease also manifests itself in high blood pressure. Especially dangerous is the situation when it is rapidly increasing.
  7. Strong physical overwork.
  8. Bad environmental conditions or a sharp change in weather.
  9. The presence of certain diseases that provoke the development of a microstroke. For example, diabetes mellitus, atherosclerosis, problems with heart valves, cancer.

There are several risk groups. Consider them.

  1. The first includes men who are affected by any of the above factors.
  2. The second group includes men who have poor heredity, i.e. parents had cardiovascular problems (microstroke, heart attack, stroke).
  3. The third includes those men who are in the age range of 45-60 years. This age is critical for the strong half.
  4. The fourth group is men of any age who suffer from frequent headaches.

How to recognize

Consider the symptoms of a microstroke:

  • in the lower and upper limbs, the man feels weak;
  • a lump in the throat that is impossible to get rid of;
  • objects and people are bifurcated;
  • the gait changes (it seems that the person is drunk);
  • blood pressure is increased;
  • weakness, severe fatigue, goosebumps.

The problem is that very often men ignore these symptoms and are not serious about their health. This fact explains that negative consequences are manifested in the strong half more often than in women.

How else to recognize if there is a microstroke? The first signs in men can be determined by asking for 3 simple steps.

  1. To smile. In the event that it is difficult for a man to fulfill or a smile turns out to be crooked, while the face twists to one side, then this is, without a doubt, a microstroke.
  2. Hold your hands in front of you for 10 seconds. If there is a microstroke, then a person will not be able to perform this exercise due to muscle weakness at the time of the attack.
  3. Describe your condition. With a micro stroke, a man will weave, like a drunk, his tongue, he will not be able to find the right words.

The listed symptoms indicate the development of a condition requiring specialized medical care.

If people next to a man notice signs of a microstroke, then they should be able to provide first aid correctly. Naturally, you must immediately call the ambulance crew. And before her arrival

  • provide an influx of fresh air (this is necessary so that more oxygen enters the blood) and remove clothing that tightens the chest;
  • reassure a man, since a nervous state can only worsen his condition;
  • to lay the patient on any hard surface so that the head is in an elevated state (in this way cerebral edema is prevented);
  • if vomiting occurs, you should turn your head to one side to prevent suffocation by vomit;
  • to provide the man with peace and absolute immobility, as it is necessary to help the body, which uses all the energy potential to restore impaired functions;
  • measure blood pressure (if it is elevated, then the patient should be given a tablet preparation recommended by the doctor to the patient).

All these measures will help a man who has symptoms of a microstroke to avoid negative consequences. Of great importance is the timely arrival of an ambulance, whose team carries out such actions:

  • applies injections to reduce blood pressure and improve heart function and microcirculation;
  • prevents cerebral edema;
  • restores normal blood circulation;
  • delivers the patient to the neurological department for further treatment.

Risk group

  • during the first 2 days after the symptoms of damage to the nervous system disappeared, a stroke develops in every tenth person;
  • another 10% tolerate it for 3 months;
  • every fifth person with TIA is admitted to the hospital with a stroke during the year;
  • those who in the first year have passed the danger, a brain stroke can “knock out” for 5 years with a probability of 10-12%.

First a >

The first signs of a microstroke in men

The concept is defined as transient dysfunction in the circulatory system, or ischemic attack of the brain.

Symptoms of a stroke and a microstroke are quite similar, but an attack of a microstroke lasts from 5 minutes to a day, is more weakly expressed.

A microstroke is the same stroke, but it affected less significant vessels and therefore did not affect the state of the body with severe consequences.

Sometimes a transferred microstroke can be detected by MRI (magnetic resonance imaging of the brain), which will show point hemorrhages.

After a spasm occurs, a rupture of a vessel or a small blood clot in the small vessels of the brain that feed it, some of the cells simply die. On average, the death of brain cells lasts 6 hours.

After, the damaged part of the brain is restored (in contrast to the usual stroke, in which the damage is almost irreversible).

The list of phenomena causing the occurrence of a microstroke is quite “standard”, applicable to many diseases of the cardiovascular system:

  • binge eating;
  • obesity;
  • alcohol abuse;
  • sedentary work and constant physical inactivity;
  • frequent overwork, stress;
  • smoking;
  • excessive physical activity;
  • bad ecology;
  • heart surgery (for example, valve replacement);
  • an excessively large amount of animal fat in the daily diet;
  • constant cold climatic conditions (provoke an increase in blood pressure);
  • a sharp change in the usual climatic and weather conditions.

Brain tomography is a very popular research in neurology, but are there any contraindications for brain MRI? The drug Sonapax has found widespread use in the treatment of mental disorders, reviews of which you can find in our material.

  • diabetes mellitus (as a reaction to blood sugar spikes);
  • progressive atherosclerosis (as the lumen in the vessels decreases);
  • transient stroke in the heart;
  • infectious and rheumatic lesions of the heart valves (which lead to the development of endocarditis and destruction of the heart valves);
  • congenital heart defects;
  • arteritis (inflammation affecting the internal walls of the arteries);
  • malignant tumors;
  • hypertensive heart disease.
  • thromboses;
  • apnea (sudden stop breathing in a dream for more than 10 seconds).

The risk group for microstroke is:

  1. The first, most obvious category is people who suffer from the above diseases and tend to lead a lifestyle, which is described in detail in the section “Causes of a Microstroke”.
  2. Also an important factor is heredity. If a family member of a close relative has suffered a stroke or myocardial infarction, the patient is automatically at risk.
  3. Pregnant women (due to active expansion and contraction of the uterus).
  4. Women taking birth control.
  5. The risk of a micro stroke increases with age (45 – 60 years). However, it can be transferred even in 30 years.
  6. Women are at risk after 60 years, and men after 40.
  7. People who suffer from regular headaches and are weather dependent are more likely to suffer a microstroke.

As already mentioned, the disease can pass slightly, and may have pronounced signs of a course.

Common symptoms of a micro stroke include:

  • sudden headache, dizziness, nausea;
  • hypersensitivity to light, sharp sounds and smells;
  • numbness of the limbs, face, sensation of goosebumps;
  • weakness in the arms or legs, loss of sensation in the limbs;
  • visual impairment, black or white dots in the eyes, bifurcation in the eyes;
  • speech disorders: burr or lisping, sensation of a swollen and clumsy language;
  • asymmetry of the face (for example, a lowered eyelid);
  • a lump in the throat that cannot be swallowed;
  • violation of coordination and gait (resembles the behavior of a drunk person);
  • short-term loss of consciousness;
  • increased blood pressure;
  • causeless fatigue, lethargy.

A number of signs of microstroke (asymmetry, visual impairment . ) will depend on the affected area of ​​the brain. If the left hemisphere is affected, symptoms appear on the right side of the body. And vice versa.

If at least 3 of the symptoms are diagnosed, this is a sure sign of an ischemic attack.

Unfortunately, a number of signs, due to their not pronounced severity, can be attributed to people at the “end of the working day”, “got up on the wrong foot”, or “magnetic storms”.

But it’s worth carefully listening to what the body is trying to tell us.

Since the female and male body have specific characteristics of functioning, the risks of occurrence and signs of microstroke in women and men also differ.

Women are more prone to the occurrence of microstroke and stroke: this is explained by a higher likelihood of blood clots and complications in the vascular system (physiological feature).

Also, women are less stress tolerant, more fixated on problems, which automatically transfers the fair sex to the risk group.

Symptoms of a microstroke in women will also be specific (in addition to the standard ones indicated above), the main ones are:

  • sharp numbness, weakness of both sides of the face or one of them;
  • tingling in the arms and legs (or one of the limbs);
  • the inability to build a clear, coherent statement;
  • red face, deep, frequent breathing;
  • convulsions;
  • blurred vision (in one or both eyes);
  • sudden, sharp headache.

However, some women showed atypical symptoms of a brain microstroke:

  • a sharp attack of hiccups;
  • depressed state, uncontrollability of emotions;
  • pain attack in one of the limbs;
  • severe nausea, abdominal pain;
  • loss of consciousness, disorientation;
  • pain in the chest;
  • dry mouth;
  • suffocation;
  • sudden fast heartbeat.

It is also established that women smokers get a greater chance of a micro stroke than men smokers.

There are symptoms of a microstroke that will be more characteristic of men:

  • turbidity, confusion of creation;
  • sudden attack of uncontrolled weakness;
  • hearing impairment;
  • gait instability;
  • the inability to perceive the world around us normally;
  • speech impairment;
  • sudden headache.

This is the most common symptom among men.

However, in certain cases atypical symptoms (more characteristic of women) are possible.

An almost complete absence of symptoms is also possible: in both women and men.

Very often, a microstroke is easier to detect from the outside than on its own (because people sometimes ignore their symptoms), so what are the symptoms of a microstroke that appear first:

  • the man suddenly, for no reason, became silent, began to speak incoherently;

In the photo, the main symptoms of a microstroke

you have to ask him several times; he does not respond to your questions, looks confused, in prostration; suddenly drops the object that he held tight before; not at the first attempt manages to raise that item; suddenly stutters; movements resemble a person in a state of intoxication.

When identifying the first symptoms and signs of a microstroke, it is necessary:

  1. It is necessary to provide the patient with complete rest. If possible, lay it on high pillows (so that the head is in a raised position).
  2. Open the window.
  3. Unfasten or remove tight clothing.
  4. Measure your blood pressure (in case of high blood pressure, give the appropriate medication).
  5. There is still the possibility, you can take a hot foot bath, drink soothing herbal remedies (tincture of valerian, hawthorn extract).
  6. Attach ice to the back of the head.
  7. Do not stand up sharply or move.
  8. You can perform a light massage (circular stroking from the temples to the back of the head, then from the neck to the shoulders, then to the knees).
  9. You can not take antispasmodics.

Naturally, it will be necessary to undergo a special examination. by which risk factors are identified and the occurrence of complications is prevented (in the form of a stroke, for example).

To cure the effects of the first microstroke and prevent the appearance of the second, a number of measures are being taken:

  • drug treatment (drugs aimed at restoring tissue and blood vessels, cleaning the body of toxins, normalizing metabolic processes, vasodilation, reducing blood clotting);
  • elimination of the causes of microstroke (for example, minimizing stress, reducing / increasing physical activity);
  • if a micro stroke occurs due to some disease, measures will be directed to the focal cause;
  • massage;
  • exercises with a speech therapist;
  • Exercise therapy;
  • normalization of lifestyle;
  • blood pressure control.

Predictions and consequences with regard to further human conditions directly depend on the causes and symptoms of a microstroke:

  1. If the cause is more superficial (for example, stress, obesity), then, most likely, elimination of negative factors will be the best prevention of further micro-strokes and a possible stroke.
  2. However, if the cause of the appearance of a microstroke is a consequence of a certain disease. it’s worth choosing an additional comprehensive treatment.

It is proved that even 1 transferred microstroke is an indication of the possibility of an extensive stroke, in one out of ten cases.

And many people know about the consequences of an extensive stroke – this is irreparable damage to health. Or death.

Be examined by a doctor in a timely manner to prevent relapse or development of complications!

The first microstroke tells us to be more attentive to the body.

A cardiovascular disease such as stroke. known to all. This damage to the vessels of the brain carries extremely devastating consequences for the human body, including paralysis of the body, loss of speech functions, vision, and the onset of death.

Fact: More than 400 cases of stroke are diagnosed annually in Russia. Of these, 000% are fatal.

A microstroke is a special case of a manifestation of damage to the vessels of the brain. The prefix “micro” in this case indicates that small vessels were destroyed. or sections of their accumulation of small size. The main difference of a microstroke from a stroke is that it lasts a fairly short time – from several minutes to a day.

After this, a complete or partial restoration of all brain functions occurs. There are frequent cases when a person has had a microstroke, but has gone unnoticed and undiagnosed on time. But at the same time, since injuries with a microstroke are not so extensive, the chances of a full recovery and recovery with timely treatment are very high.

  • loss of vision, speech, or memory;
  • mental disorder;
  • dementia;
  • loss of coordination of movements;
  • paralysis, paresis and numbness of the limbs;
  • cramps
  • decreased immunity;
  • trouble breathing and urinating;
  • arrhythmia;
  • diabetes;
  • obesity.
  • weakness in the limbs;
  • spontaneous vision problems;
  • difficulties in understanding someone else’s speech;
  • vomiting and nausea;
  • negative reaction to bright light and loud sounds;
  • short-term memory lapses.

Risk group

  • age over 45 years;
  • the presence of strokes in immediate relatives (parents, grandparents, brothers, sisters);
  • Negroid race
  • high blood pressure (arterial hypertension);
  • lack of mobility;
  • diabetes;
  • heart disease;
  • atrial fibrillation;
  • smoking (including marijuana);
  • high cholesterol;
  • obesity;
  • drug addict.

Microstroke in men: first signs, treatment, consequences

  1. Numbness of the limbs and muscles of the face, up to a sudden complete loss of sensitivity, inability to control facial expressions.
  2. Weakness in the limbs, especially if it is more pronounced on one side of the body.
  3. Loss of coordination, difficulty walking or limb movement.
  4. Inability to examine an object with both eyes at once. Defocusing vision.
  5. A sharp headache that has no apparent cause.
  6. Problems with speech, loss of ability to speak articulate, to build complex phrases.
  7. Irritation from bright light, strong sounds.
  8. Vomiting may occur.
  9. Feeling of “goosebumps” without fever or freezing.

Signs of a microstroke appear at the same time, most often against the background of high blood pressure. They can appear all at once, or only some of them, but if a combination of at least 2-3 of these symptoms occurs, this already serves as a reason not only to see a doctor, but to call an “ambulance” immediately.

The ability to determine a microstroke in a person in time increases the chances of his full recovery. But for this it is necessary that between the first signs of the disease and the start of therapeutic measures no more than 3-6 hours should pass – during this time circulatory disorders in the brain will not lead to fatal consequences, and restoration of all body functions is possible in full volume.

Age is not at all an indicator of belonging to a risk group, since in modern society this disease is rapidly “getting younger”. Today, such a disease is not uncommon even among students, especially during the preparation for sessions, when the body experiences an increased load on the brain.

  • First of all, these are people suffering from hypertension and angina pectoris. High blood pressure in general is the main provocateur of microstroke;
  • A microstroke is a hereditary disease, and therefore, there is a great risk of suffering it in a person whose relatives already have a history of stroke or myocardial infarction;
  • People suffering from vascular diseases, and prone to increased blood coagulation, thrombosis and thrombosis;
  • Sudden fluctuations in blood glucose levels can trigger a brain microstroke, and therefore people with diabetes should be especially cautious;
  • Overweight people are prone to this disease due to the fact that obesity is often accompanied by hypertension;
  • If the patient has a history of cerebrovascular accident, hypertensive crisis or ischemic attack, he also falls into the risk zone of a microstroke;
  • Bad habits, such as drinking alcohol, drugs, and smoking, are provocateurs of this disease, even at an early age.

Fact: A microstroke in women aged 18 to 40 occurs more often than in men. But after 60 years, the chances of suffering this disease become equal. In addition, women are more likely to tolerate stroke and microstroke than the stronger sex. Oral contraceptives, pregnancy pathologies, migraines can also provoke a microstroke in women.

A microstroke often passes unnoticed by a person. His symptoms are often attributed to fatigue, overwork at work, and depression. However, unfortunately, the consequences of a microstroke are not always so harmless. After suffering a disease, some people may have memory problems, impaired attention span, and distraction.

It also happens that within three days after a microstroke, a person may experience a stroke. Also, in 60% of cases after a microstroke, patients have an ischemic brain attack. And the consequences of these diseases are much worse than the consequences of a microstroke.

To fully restore brain function. treatment of a microstroke must be started no later than 3 hours after the attack. Already 6 hours later, any therapy will, unfortunately, be ineffective.

The main methods of treating a microstroke are aimed at restoring blood flow in the affected area of ​​the brain. For this, the patient is prescribed:

  1. Vasodilator drugs. to improve blood flow (without prescribing a doctor, taking them is unacceptable!);
  2. Drugs that improve the metabolism and microcirculation in the vessels;
  3. Drugs that prevent platelets from joining and joining vascular walls;
  4. Metabolic drugs that promote better oxygen saturation of the blood;
  5. Nootropics, that is, medications aimed at improving brain activity.

It is necessary to treat a microstroke exclusively under the supervision of a medical specialist. Treatment at home is to provide first aid before the arrival of specialists. The patient should be laid down, slightly raising his head, reassured, since panic only aggravates the course of the attack, provide access to oxygen.

During the recovery period, the patient is recommended physiotherapy, therapeutic exercises, massage. It is also necessary to observe a healthy lifestyle and establish proper nutrition after a micro stroke. It will be useful to be under medical supervision to reduce the risk of a recurrence of the disease.

Fact: Scientists from the United States conducted studies in which they proved that pine cones are an effective way to restore brain function.

The best way of defense is an attack. To reduce the risk of contracting this terrible disease, it is necessary to carry out a number of preventive measures in a timely manner:

  • Blood pressure control is the main of a number of preventive actions. The main cause of a microstroke is high blood pressure, or its sharp jump. Therefore, it is necessary to monitor the level of pressure so as not to provoke negative consequences;
  • Refusal of bad habits helps to significantly reduce the risks of the disease;
  • Proper nutrition that does not contribute to obesity is also among the preventive measures;
  • Constant moderate physical activity will help not only to make the body strong and fit, but also to maintain the health of the vessels of the brain;
  • Reducing stress factors and healthy sleep are another key to success in preventing micro strokes.

Microstroke is a modern disease. This point lesion of the vessels of the brain does not have a clear age qualification today. It can equally occur in young people who are prone to bad habits, in diabetics, those who are obese and just people who have in their track record a diagnosis of hypertension.

Despite the fact that a microstroke is easier to tolerate than a regular stroke, it must be treated in a timely manner, without delay and only after hospitalization in a specialized medical institution. Home methods in the case of damage to the vessels of the brain can be not only ineffective, but also destructive.

Thus, in order to protect yourself, you should simply adhere to the correct lifestyle. This is especially important for people who have crossed the age of forty, because after all, with the onset of maturity, the risk of suffering a microstroke also increases due to worn out vessels.

Fulfilling all the rules for prevention, you need to know what a microstroke is, how this disease manifests itself and what symptoms are typical for it. It is possible that one day this knowledge will save someone’s life.

First aid

It is recommended to cover your head with a damp towel, putting a pillow under it. An elevated posture reduces the intensity of the development of cerebral edema, since in this way the volume of accumulated fluid decreases.

It is necessary to ensure the flow of fresh air. You should free the person from squeezing clothes, unfasten the buttons. It is forbidden to move the patient. It is necessary to ensure a calm state and expect medical attention.

As a first aid for a micro stroke, you can constantly maintain a conversation with the victim. This will reassure him and give confidence in a speedy recovery.

The first painful signs are an ideal way to start treatment. This period is characterized by the most favorable prognosis. Due to the not pronounced severity of symptoms, therapeutic measures begin later – which is why a microstroke is dangerous.

Thrombolytics. Means eliminate blood clots, restoring healthy blood flow. Medicines have a therapeutic effect only for 3 days after the blockade. When hemorrhagic, such drugs cause irreparable harm.

Disaggregants – Dipyridamole, Aspirin. Drugs promote blood thinning. Anticoagulants – Fraxiparin, Fragmin. They prevent blood clotting by preventing the formation of blood clots.

Diuretic drugs. Eliminate the swelling of the brain structures, preventing the penetration of the affected areas into the nape of the neck.

Neuroprotectors. They represent a large group of drugs that support brain cells during the rehabilitation period.

Antihypertensive agents. They are used to reduce blood pressure at the stage of treatment and recovery.

Recovering a patient after a blockade has included physiotherapy exercises, physiotherapeutic procedures, massage, diet correction, and swimming. The patient is referred to a rehabilitologist, speech therapist, neurologist. Sanatorium treatment is also indicated. A person should change the menu, normalize weight. It is necessary to refuse spicy, salty, fatty, smoked.

  • ensuring that enough oxygen enters the bloodstream. To do this, put on an oxygen mask, if necessary, transfer the patient to hardware breathing;
  • vasodilation – with drugs “Nimodipine”, “Dibazol”;
  • improving the absorption of oxygen and nutrients by neurons. For this, “Cerebrolysin”, “Ceraxon” are used;
  • normalization of blood pressure: “Nimodipine”, less often – with other drugs;
  • improving heart function – with the help of cardiac glycos >

References

  • ICD-10 (International Classification of Diseases)
  • Yusupov Hospital
  • Clinical neurology with the basics of medical and social expertise. SPb .: Medline-Media LLC, 2006.
  • Shirokov, E. A. Stroke, heart attack, sudden death. Theory of Vascular Disasters / E.A. Shirokov. – M.: Quorum, 2010 .– 244 p.
  • Vilensky, B.S. Stroke: prevention, diagnosis and treatment / B.S. Vilensky. – Moscow: Higher School, 1999. – 336 p.

1. Gusev E.I., Konovalov A.N., Burd G.S. Neurology and neurosurgery. M .: Medicine, 2000.2. Clinical neurology with the basics of medical and social expertise. St. Petersburg: LLC Medline-Media, 2006.3. Skoromets A.A., Skoromets A.P., Skoromets T.A. Nervous diseases. M .: MEDpress-inform, 2007.

Our specialists

General characteristics

A violation of blood circulation, which leads to the death of brain cells, occurs as a result of blockage of blood vessels by blood clots or a critical narrowing of their lumens.

A microstroke can be confused with a transient ischemic attack, which develops due to oxygen starvation and is temporary.

Their difference consists in influencing the state of tissues – in the first case, the destructive process, although it affects the minimum area, is only partially reversible.

A micro attack affects small-sized areas of the brain tissue, the functions of which are compensated for in a short time by neighboring areas, so its effect on the body is often underestimated. But this process is also harmful to human life, as well as a full stroke.

It is quite difficult to recognize a microstroke – characteristic signs appear from several minutes to one day. But if you do not take the appropriate measures on time, the attack may soon recur with more serious consequences.

Important! The faster the necrotizing focus is detected, the higher the chances of a full recovery.

It is possible to identify a micro attack according to the signs characteristic of a regular stroke. The first symptoms appear against the background of constant stressful situations aggravated by high blood pressure.

A person feels sudden dizziness and severe headache, can not adequately perceive the actions of others, loses touch with real events.

Further, the condition worsens and is manifested by the following disorders:

  • Loss of coordination in space, numbness of limbs and difficulties in performing simple movements.
  • Weakness of arms and legs, often on one side of the body, loss of sensitivity of individual organs.
  • Difficulties with focusing eyesight when trying to examine an object with two eyes.
  • Dysfunctions of speech, inability to pronounce words and sentences articulate.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • The sensation of cold for no reason, the skin is covered with “goosebumps.”
  • Rejection of bright light and loud sounds.
  • Short-term syncope, amnesia (rare).

Most often, the signs of a microstroke manifest in the aggregate. But the appearance of some of them should alert no less – usually the part of the brain that is responsible for a certain function of the body is subjected to destruction.

In order to detect the presence of a micro stroke in a man, you can conduct an express test. For its implementation, you need to stand in front of a person and ask to perform a few simple steps.

If signs of a microstroke are detected, it is necessary to immediately call a team of doctors. At home, first aid is as follows:

  • Lay the victim in a bed with a raised headboard to enhance the outflow of blood from the head.
  • Provide access to clean air – open the window, loosen tight clothing (collar, belt).
  • Monitor the patient’s condition, maintain visual and verbal contact. Do not give a drink, as a person may choke due to a disturbed swallowing function.
  • When vomiting is necessary to ensure the discharge of vomit, turning the patient’s head to the side.
  • Measure the pressure and, in the presence of elevated indicators, give the proven medicine prescribed by the attending physician.
  • In case of loss of consciousness, turn the patient on his side, bending his leg and placing his head on a bent arm.

Main reasons

The appearance of a microstroke is associated with chronic cardiovascular diseases that have not been treated for many years: hypertension, atherosclerosis, tachycardia. Jumps in blood pressure are especially dangerous, because the vessels experience tremendous loads, their walls become thinner and more fragile.

The development of a micro stroke is facilitated by negative factors:

  • hereditary predisposition,
  • type 2 diabetes
  • overweight,
  • addiction to bad habits (alcohol and smoking),
  • constant presence in a state of increased nervousness,
  • exposure to stressful situations,
  • passive lifestyle,
  • unbalanced diet.

Note! A previous seizure increases the risk of a micro-stroke recurrence.

The process of necrosis of brain tissue in young and old men can be aggravated by alcohol intoxication or untimely treatment. Each of the cases has its own characteristics, which you need to know about to reduce the risk of negative consequences.

Fit after binge

People who are addicted to alcohol have chronic disorders in the functioning of the heart muscle and vascular system, which lead to the development of micro strokes.

In the body, which is in a long binge, pathological manifestations are significantly smoothed out, they are hardly noticeable against the background of the general picture.

Given that for a micro attack, loss of consciousness and coma are not peculiar, it becomes almost impossible to recognize it.

Headaches, dizziness and nausea, loss of orientation in space, as well as vague speech are characteristic of alcohol intoxication. Trying to drown out the manifestation of unpleasant symptoms, a person reaches for a new portion of alcohol. As a result, hospitalization occurs much later than is necessary for a successful recovery.

If there is a suspicion of a microstroke in a close person suffering from alcoholism, you can not postpone the visit to a doctor in any case. An organism weakened by intoxication suffers much more from the destruction of brain tissue.

Microstroke in men is often not diagnosed on time due to a frivolous attitude to their own health. Symptoms that can be attributed to normal fatigue, overwork, do not go away even after rest. But even in this case, a person does not attach much importance to changes with well-being.

In some cases, the attacks go away on their own, without specific intervention, but still have a negative effect on the body. It may not appear immediately, but after some time, under the influence of other factors, it will necessarily “come around”.

To prevent serious consequences, immediately after detecting any signs of a microstroke, seek medical help. Perhaps the situation is not critical, but to make sure this is 100% should be examined. It must be remembered that even a mild ailment, the cause of which is not resolved on time, can cause serious pathology in the future.

When a patient enters a medical facility, the first medical actions are aimed at restoring blood circulation in the damaged area. To eliminate the cause of blockage of blood vessels, apply:

  • vasodilator drugs to relax blood vessels and improve blood flow,
  • anticoagulants and antiplatelet agents for blood thinning by blocking the process of gluing platelets,
  • angioprotectors to enhance metabolic processes and improve blood circulation,
  • nootropics to improve brain activity and protect brain cells from the harmful effects of external factors.

Important! The negative effects of a micro attack can be minimized if treatment was started no more than three hours after the first signs were detected.

For a full recovery, general strengthening (physical therapy, massage, physiotherapy, breathing exercises) and specific activities (classes with a speech therapist, psychologist) are prescribed. To prevent the emergence of new microstrokes in men, it is necessary to undergo vascular examinations once a year, to revise the lifestyle and diet.

A microstroke how not to miss 4 accurate signs that a person will have a stroke today Microstroke. How to distinguish it from a stroke? (05.02.2016//)

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Editor-in-chief of the Detonic online magazine, cardiologist Yakovenko-Plahotnaya Tatyana. Author of more than 950 scientific articles, including in foreign medical journals. He has been working as a cardiologist in a clinical hospital for over 12 years. He owns modern methods of diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases and implements them in his professional activities. For example, it uses methods of resuscitation of the heart, decoding of ECG, functional tests, cyclic ergometry and knows echocardiography very well.

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