Seizures after a stroke – what to do Treatment of the consequences of a stroke in men and women in

Stroke cramps have a number of causes. During a stroke, some nerve cells in the brain die. This leads to the formation of cysts. The only sign of a neoplasm is a seizure. Seizures begin due to irritation of the tissues adjacent to the cysts.

Doctors also identify several other important causes of convulsive manifestations. These include:

  • infectious infection in the brain obtained during or after hemorrhage removal surgery;
  • fatigue;
  • Nerve overstrain;
  • side effects after taking medications.

Convulsive manifestations can last only a few minutes, and can torment the patient for 10-15 minutes in a row. They are able to occur both in a separate area of ​​the body, and throughout the body at the same time. After this, the patient loses consciousness or falls asleep. The duration of sleep is about an hour.

In most cases, cramps occur in the lower extremities. They can occur in the form of:

  • local numbness of parts of calves, foot or toes;
  • prolonged cramps that span the entire limb.

Convulsive phenomena always occur in a part of the body located opposite the affected area of ​​the brain (mirror image: if hemorrhage occurs on the left side of the head, then convulsions and paralysis occur in the right arm, right side of the face or right leg, and vice versa).

From what causes epilepsy after a stroke, predictions, the complexity of treatment and the condition of the patient depend. There are several groups of reasons. The first is general, not directly related to ischemia: a long-term withdrawal of alcohol from alcoholics, a sharp change in sugar level, the abolition of anticonvulsants, and a change in sodium in the blood.

Post-stroke epilepsy appears as a result of the use of drugs for the treatment of ischemia: muscle relaxants, antibiotics, antidepressants, antiarrhythmic drugs, phenothiazines.

The causes are neuralgic disorders that affect the prognosis in the long term: initial changes in the brain, arteriovenous malformation, thrombosis, cytopathy or hypertensive encephalopathy.

With medical errors that worsen the prognosis, an incorrect diagnosis is often found: a brain tumor or abscess, encephalitis that develops against the background of herpes simplex, or subdural empyema.

Seizures after a stroke in men and women are found both with hemorrhagic and with ischemic hemorrhage. Causes an attack in the death of cells of nerve fibers of the brain, which leads to impaired transmission of neural impulses. Due to the abrupt cessation of blood flow, necrotic foci develop. And the body tries to protect itself from the progression of pathology, therefore it directs all forces to restore peripheral blood flow.

Seizures after a stroke

The immune response to ONMK leads to the appearance of cavities in the dead areas of the cavity, which are filled with liquid. The patient does not experience pain or discomfort. However, in this condition, neurons are constantly irritated, which causes seizures.

Also, convulsions in a bedridden patient can provoke:

  • The formation of a cyst in the frontal area of ​​the brain. Such a process is dangerous with a repeated attack of stroke;
  • Joining a viral or bacterial infection. This can occur during surgery or during rehabilitation;
  • Emotional overstrain, depression;
  • High physical activity;
  • S >

These factors include:

  • psychoemotional or physical overwork;
  • past stresses;
  • complications after taking a course of certain drugs, etc.

Seizures in men and women can occur after an ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke. They are the result of death of nerve cells in the brain. When foci of necrosis begin to form, the body tries to stop the lesion and restore normal blood circulation in the brain. This task is accomplished by activating neurons that are located around a heart attack zone or brain hemorrhage.

Convulsive syndrome can be triggered by the following factors:

  • emotional overstrain;
  • physical or psychological fatigue;
  • side effects of certain medications.

The main reasons for the development of seizures are the occurrence of cysts, adhesions and other neoplasms in the areas of dead tissue.

The main reason for the development of seizures after a stroke is necrotic damage to brain neurons in the pathological region of the brain. With an exacerbation, brain cells begin to look for additional reserves that can compensate for the lost functions of some neurons. Such a substitution of activity leads to the formation of cysts and cavities, which irritate the nearby neurons.

Why convulsions occur after a stroke is interesting to many.

Features

Seizures after a stroke occur due to the death of brain cells. In the acute period of a stroke, the body tries to limit the area of ​​necrosis of neurons, restore normal blood circulation, maintain communication between cells. The body is trying to redistribute the functions of the affected neurons between other brain cells.

At home or in any room it is necessary to provide the victim with an influx of fresh air – open the window or window, even if it is frosty outside.

If a person has lost consciousness – no need to try to lift him onto the bed, it is better to leave him on the floor, putting a pillow or jacket under his head and covering his feet with a blanket.

Ask a person if he is suffering from hypertension or taking medication. If the answer is yes, ask the guard to bring a pressure gauge and measure the pressure. You can ask for a pressure measuring device at the pharmacy; they are also often available at the administrator in the first-aid kit for first aid.

If necessary, give the victim a medicine for pressure, if he has it in his purse.

In case of rupture of blood vessels, it is necessary, in addition to standard measures, to attach a cold towel, ice from the freezer, a bag of frozen vegetables to the patient’s head – this will relieve swelling and help prevent extensive hemorrhage.

The victim must not be moved before the doctors arrive – it is only permissible to carefully turn him on his side or turn his head.

Rub the patient’s feet and hands well, you can use a drop of oil.

According to the standards of medical care, for ischemic stroke, if the patient has high blood pressure and is conscious, you can give the pills prescribed by the doctor before.

If the patient turns red, sweats – wipe his face and body with a damp towel. Cover the victim with a blanket, avoiding hypothermia.

The manifestation of convulsive phenomena after stroke is classified as:

  • Limited manifestation of seizures, when after a stroke it brings the toes, calf muscles or foot. Such cramps are called krampias;
  • Viv >

The appearance of such symptoms indicates serious necrotic lesions of the brain or the death of cells of the motor center in the cerebral cortex.

Concomitant symptoms

The clinical picture of seizures after a stroke depends on the cause that provoked them. In some patients, a slight twitching of the feet and hands is observed, while in others, convulsions develop into an epilepsy attack.

You need to know the symptoms of seizures. This will help prepare for an attack and prevent the development of serious consequences. Convulsive condition is accompanied by such signs:

  • The reaction to other people is lost, the patient ceases to answer questions;
  • The patient complains of dizziness;
  • The muscles of the legs and hands harden, their tone rises;
  • Light tremors in the limbs appear;
  • During an attack, the patient can bite his tongue. With pronounced seizures, uncontrolled urination or defecation is possible.

Symptoms of seizures after a stroke

In most cases, the duration of an epileptic seizure is 5-7 minutes. After the cramps disappear, the patient faints. Reminiscent of a deep sleep.

There are two types of seizures after a stroke:

  • Clonic – spasm develops in the upper or lower limb on one side, or the attack captures a limited number of muscles. A severe attack alternates with a period of muscle relaxation;
  • Tonic – a sharp and strong muscle spasm that lasts a long time. Usually a tonic attack is characteristic of the muscles of the legs, but it also happens in other parts of the body.

Attack Factors

Factors contributing to exacerbation include:

  1. Overdose of the medicines used, their incompatibility.
  2. Physical, psychoemotional fatigue.
  3. Nervous exhaustion, stressful conditions.

The main cause of seizures after a stroke is considered to be the formation of pathological cysts, cavities that irritate nearby motor neurons.

In recent years, the number of patients who have epilepsy after a stroke has increased significantly. The main factor provoking its development, WHO calls senile age. Due to changes in the functions of regeneration, general aging, the body can no longer cope normally with the injuries received, including changes in the structure of the brain.

In the post-stroke state, epilepsy proceeds in 3 stages:

  • beginning – due to disturbances in the damaged area, the general blood circulation in the brain worsens;
  • due to chronic oxygen starvation, ischemic disease appears, causing lung convulsions;
  • after an acute attack of ischemia, an epileptic seizure develops immediately or after a short period of time, depending on the changed metabolic processes.

However, not always post-stroke epilepsy develops solely against the background of ischemic damage. With hemorrhagic hemorrhage, in which more than 1 lobe of the brain is involved, a convulsive state is also possible.

What are convulsions?

Seizures are an involuntary paroxysmal contraction or twitching of one or more muscles lasting from several to tens of minutes.

After a stroke, generalized convulsions are characteristic of patients, when bouts of muscle contraction occur throughout the body. After the termination of a convulsive generalized attack, a person often loses consciousness or falls asleep. This is due to the shock state of the brain.

Less commonly, cramps occur locally – on the arms, legs, neck, face.

Seizures in patients with a stroke, mainly manifested in the form of:

  • muscle contractions of the face and neck, or just the face. There is a warping of one side of the face, tilting of the head to one side, a “mask-like face”;
  • sudden numbness of the arm, leg, or both limbs at the same time.

The course of attacks after circulatory disorders

The success of therapy largely depends on the adoption of initial measures aimed at stabilizing the patient’s condition.

  1. If an attack occurs, it is necessary to remove food debris from the mouth and remove the denture.
  2. You need to raise your head, put a pillow, bag, other object at hand under it. Keep your head slightly above your torso.
  3. Convulsive conditions are usually accompanied by hoarse breathing. You can alleviate respiratory function by turning the patient on his side.
  4. If convulsions occur in the legs after a stroke, it is indicated to warm up and rub the limb. The movements should have a massage character. At home, you can apply dry mustard, olive oil. The resulting homogeneous mass should be rubbed in a circular motion.
  5. It is necessary to provide the patient with aspirin. Under its influence, body temperature normalizes, blood circulation accelerates.

These measures are primary. If the patient has convulsions (even of a short-term nature), it is necessary to consult a specialist.

What to do with cramps after a stroke?

Most often, cerebrovascular accident occurs in people aged 45 years and older. The risk group includes patients with diabetes mellitus, hypertension, arrhythmia, and bleeding disorders. Symptoms such as:

  • headache;
  • dizziness;
  • bouts of sudden drowsiness, weakness, or tiredness;
  • increased blood pressure;
  • a sensation of heat, followed by a sensation of cold.

If a person experiences such ailments, you need not to delay the time, but consult a doctor who will diagnose and prescribe a course of treatment.

Given that the effectiveness of therapy depends on how quickly a violation of cerebral blood flow was detected and first aid was given for a stroke, you should be aware of all the signs of the disease.

If a person has a disturbed cerebral circulation, he will experience the following symptoms:

  • Strong headache;
  • feeling of weakness;
  • dizziness;
  • numbness of the limbs on the one hand;
  • numbness of half of the face;
  • skewed face;
  • sudden loss of balance, often in combination with nausea or fainting;
  • deterioration in speech quality (you may experience a feeling of “cereal in the mouth”);
  • sudden epileptic seizure;
  • sharp visual impairment, double vision;
  • loss of familiar skills such as reading or writing.

With minimal suspicion of impaired circulation of the patient’s brain, you must ask for a simple test. Ask him to smile, say “thirty-three,” stretch his arms forward and freeze in this position for a few seconds. If the patient does not cope with at least one of the tasks, you need to quickly call an ambulance. At the same time, it is necessary to insist that not a regular team of doctors come, but a specialized neurological team.

The first signs of epilepsy develop within a few days after a stroke. In some cases, they occur after the first week. Seizures form unexpectedly, it is impossible to recognize them in advance.

In approximately 90% of cases, the condition occurs against the background of damage to the cortical structures and due to the formation of cystic formations. Due to scarring of damaged tissues in a number of patients, late seizures occur several months after a stroke.

According to the sensations, patients note the following conditions when approaching an epileptic seizure after stroke:

  • the psychoemotional state changes: insomnia develops, appetite disappears, a pronounced weakness arises, from which one does not want to get out of bed, headaches often haunt;
  • aura period – a state in which a person feels something incomprehensible, his perception changes. For each person, the aura is different, and there are no general symptoms;
  • loss of consciousness – not all seizures can be recognized before a seizure, convulsions always begin before a loss of consciousness, pressure in the chest increases, breathing changes, in severe cases, the tongue sinks and foam appears from the mouth.

Single epileptic seizures after a stroke do not fully indicate the development of the disease. Immediately after the restoration of metabolism, the condition normalizes in most patients, attacks are no longer pursued. If epilepsy is repeated, then this indicates a chronic form.

What to do with cramps after a stroke – if a muscle spasm occurs:

  1. Call an ambulance immediately;
  2. If convulsions are accompanied by loss of consciousness, you need to lay the patient on the sofa;
  3. Open the window and remove tight clothing from the patient to ensure oxygen access;
  4. Place a pillow or roller under the head, remove hard or sharp objects that could cause injury;
  5. Remove from the mouth the remnants of food or vomiting, remove dentures;
  6. In case of respiratory failure and wheezing, it is necessary to put the patient on his s >

Rules for first aid for cramps after a stroke

Therapies

How can cramps after a stroke be removed? To do this, consult a doctor and get his prescription. Properly selected drug therapy will help to gradually restore lost brain functions. The correctness of treatment is indicated by a reduction in the frequency and duration of convulsive seizures.

In case of stroke and seizures, it is necessary to conduct a complete diagnosis of the body to prescribe treatment, namely:

  • do an MRI or CT scan;
  • perform angiography;
  • donate blood and urine (clinical analysis).

With the obtained research results, you need to contact a professional and experienced neurologist who will establish the true causes of increased muscle tone and the occurrence of convulsive seizures. Based on the reasons, the most effective treatment will be determined, which should be started immediately and not to miss taking medications.

It should be understood that each patient has their own treatment. Therefore, we recommend listening to doctors, and not trying to take the drugs found on forums on the Internet, clean up your medicines, trusting advertising. All medications for the treatment of seizures after a stroke are divided into main groups:

  • antithrombotic;
  • restoring blood supply;
  • nootropic;
  • anticonvulsants.

Antithrombotic drugs reduce blood coagulation and the amount of bad cholesterol. This is an extremely important group of drugs that can be prescribed even for life-long administration to reduce the risk of blood clots.

Preparations that restore blood supply, stop necrotic manifestations, help improve the patient’s brain activity and enrich the cells of the affected part of the brain with oxygen.

Nootropic drugs also improve brain function. They are used in combination with other drugs to obtain a visible effect. It is impossible to remove them from the general scheme without the advice of a doctor.

Anticonvulsant therapy is aimed at directly combating seizures. They reduce the excitation of brain cells and irritation of cells adjacent to the lesion of healthy tissue.

With timely and proper treatment, even with short-term therapy, an effect can be detected. Seizures become less intense, less and less repeated, and the patient who has had a stroke gradually regains his sensitivity.

The tendency to convulsive phenomena can be determined by diagnostic studies, such as:

If you constantly or periodically experience convulsions in a patient, first aid is necessary. After that, you can already see a doctor, make a diagnosis and start a comprehensive treatment.

First aid for post-stroke convulsive manifestations:

  • remove the denture and food debris from the mouth (provided that this happened with food);
  • fix the patient’s head so that it is above the body;
  • turn a person on the right or left side to normalize his breathing;
  • perform a warming massage using massage movements, olive oil and mustard powder (provided that cramps occur in muscle tissue);
  • give the patient a tablet of Aspirin (the drug normalizes blood circulation and body temperature).

Immediately after performing all these actions, you need to see a doctor or call an ambulance.

With constant convulsions, which often recur, you should immediately diagnose and begin treatment so as not to lose time and save the life of a person who has had a stroke.

Therapy of post-stroke epilepsy is based on the use of several drugs. The main goal of treatment is to prevent repeated attacks and to avoid the progress of the disease with subsequent complications. An individual program of anticonvulsant therapy is selected for each patient (there are more than 20 drugs used for monotherapy).

The most popular anti-epilepsy drugs contain valproic acid.

In addition to anticonvulsants, antithrombotic agents, medications to improve blood circulation and nootropics are prescribed. During treatment, the patient must adhere to some rules:

  • Do not violate the doctor’s prescription, otherwise the prognosis will change for the worse;
  • take medicine strictly on schedule, after meals and at the same time;
  • if therapy is completed, the drugs are canceled gradually;
  • if within 7-10 days there is no improvement, you need to consult a doctor to change the treatment regimen.

Most anticonvulsants require a doctor’s prescription; it is forbidden to use them on your own, even if the doctor gives good predictions for recovery.

With the transition of post-stroke epilepsy to a chronic form, the patient must change his lifestyle. You need to take medicine regularly, get enough sleep, and eat right. Quitting alcohol and smoking is a prerequisite for good forecasts in the future. In most cases, on time noticed attacks after a stroke can be corrected. For many years, the patient lives with acquired epilepsy without disability status (if it is not assigned as a result of the stroke itself).

Seizures after a stroke suggest medical treatment. The patient is prescribed a course of anticonvulsants. To determine the source of irritation in the brain, computed or magnetic resonance imaging is performed.

In the Yusupov hospital, all diagnostic and treatment procedures are carried out on modern medical equipment. The high level of professionalism of neuropathologists, neurosurgeons, psychologists, physiotherapists is manifested in the accurate diagnosis, effective treatment and rapid rehabilitation of patients who have suffered cerebral hemorrhage and who have convulsions after a stroke.

A bed patient undergoes a longer treatment. Numbness of the legs after a stroke occurs due to damage to a large area of ​​the brain. To restore sensitivity in the limbs, a long rehabilitation course is required.

In the neurology department of the Yusupov hospital, neurologists have been helping patients get rid of the effects of a stroke for many years. The rich experience of doctors allows you to return to the full life of many patients who seek help.

In the hospital, the patient and his family provide psychological support.

You can make an appointment by phone.

What should I do if a patient has convulsions after a stroke? Immediately you need to call an ambulance. Prior to the arrival of doctors, first aid is provided by people who are next to the patient at the time of the attack. It is necessary to provide the patient with access to oxygen. If this happened indoors, then open the windows, in another case, tight clothing should be removed from the patient. Under the head, the patient needs to put a pillow or roller.

If there are prostheses in the mouth, they need to be removed, the oral cavity should be cleaned of food debris. If the patient begins to breathe hoarsely, he should be laid to one side and checked so that nothing makes breathing difficult. With the development of pain in the muscles, you need to do a massage. It is advisable to lubricate the skin with olive oil before massage.

Seizures are treated in the intensive care unit and intensive care unit. The relief of seizures begins with the intravenous administration of anticonvulsants. With inefficiency, they switch to a combination of anticonvulsants – parenterally and through a probe:

  • diazepam 0,15 – 0,4 mg / kg intravenously with a rate of administration of 2-2,5 mg / min, if necessary, repeat the administration of 0,1-0,2 mg per 1 kg of body weight per hour;
  • valproic acid intravenously 20-25 mg per 1 kg of body weight for the first 5-10 minutes, then a constant infusion of the drug is carried out at a rate of 1-2 mg per 1 kg per hour or bolus administration 4 times a day in a daily dose of 25-30 mg per 1 kg of body weight per day;
  • with refractory status and with inefficiency of diazepam, thiopental sodium is used under the control of external respiration function.

The condition of the patient is alleviated with the help of finlepsin or carbamazepine. Finlepsin has the following side effects:

  • reduces intellectual activity when using the drug for a long time;
  • causes impotence, apathy;
  • provokes the development of osteoporosis or increased fragility of bones (eliminate this problem with calcium preparations);
  • increases the risk of bleeding when combined with taking anticoagulants.

Finlepsin treatment is given to people no older than 65 years. A maximum of 400 mg of the drug can be consumed per day. With the development of a loved one who has suffered a stroke, convulsions, call an ambulance and call the Yusupov hospital. The clinic’s doctors will provide professional specialized medical care aimed at stopping the convulsive syndrome and prescribe further treatment for the patient.

Dangerous complications

The lack of adequate therapy for seizures after stroke may cause complications. Such patients are threatened by:

  • Repeated stroke that not everyone can survive;
  • Coma – bouts of muscle cramps lead first to a short-term, and then to a longer loss of consciousness. With frequently recurring seizures, the patient falls into a coma;
  • Disability – the regular occurrence of seizures that do not disappear when taking standard drugs, indicate necrotization of significant areas of the brain. Rehabilitation of such a patient is not effective, a person becomes disabled;
  • Fatal outcome – constant relapses of convulsive attacks, the absence of positive dynamics during treatment indicates the likelihood of internal bleeding. It is practically impossible to eliminate this condition. Therefore, the patient dies.

To prevent the development of the dangerous consequences of seizures in stroke, you should immediately seek medical help, undergo a comprehensive examination and start treatment.

References

  • ICD-10 (International Classification of Diseases)
  • Yusupov Hospital
  • Clinical neurology with the basics of medical and social expertise. SPb .: Medline-Media LLC, 2006.
  • Shirokov, E. A. Stroke, heart attack, sudden death. Theory of Vascular Disasters / E.A. Shirokov. – M.: Quorum, 2010 .– 244 p.
  • Vilensky, B.S. Stroke: prevention, diagnosis and treatment / B.S. Vilensky. – Moscow: Higher School, 1999. – 336 p.
  • ICD-10 (International Classification of Diseases)
  • Yusupov Hospital
  • Badalyan L.O. Neuropathology. – M .: Education, 1982. – S.307-308.
  • Bogolyubov, Medical rehabilitation (manual, in 3 volumes). // Moscow – Perm. – 1998.
  • Popov S.N. Physical rehabilitation. 2005 .– S.608.

What is the danger of post-stroke convulsions?

According to statistics, a stroke is a disease that takes 3rd place in the world as a fatal disease. Repeated hemorrhage often provokes coma and the destruction of brain cells, which is not comparable to human life.

After a stroke, constant cramps on the sore side are a clear sign of the progress of a pathological disorder that can provoke a recurrence of hemorrhage.

Leg cramps at night after a stroke necessarily require treatment. Ischemic stroke and convulsions during the week indicate an exacerbation of the disease and its further development.

The consequences can be extremely serious and dangerous not only for health, but also for the life of the patient as a whole. Post-stroke convulsions can lead to:

  • repeated stroke (systematic recurrence of seizures indicates incorrect or ineffective post-stroke treatment, it must be urgently corrected. Otherwise, a generalized convulsive seizure can occur, which just leads to repeated cerebral hemorrhage);
  • fatal outcome (the intensity and frequency of repetition of convulsive seizures indicates a danger – ischemic damage to brain tissue. This leads to continued hemorrhage, increased intracranial pressure, coma and death);
  • coma (convulsions during or after a brain stroke can become more frequent, and cause short-term or long-term loss of consciousness, that is, coma);
  • disability (leg cramps after a stroke or other limbs are extremely dangerous for a sick person, because he ceases to control his body’s movements and can harm himself, for example, cut himself or bite off a piece of tongue, get disability).

Traditional therapy of the post-stroke condition is aimed at localizing the lesion in the brain tissues and preventing its subsequent expansion, rehabilitation measures, restoration of pressure, blood circulation. With drug therapy, the following drugs are indicated:

  1. Intended for blood thinning. These include Cardioaspirin, Plavix, Aspirin.
  2. Allowing to reduce blood coagulability – injectable forms of “Endoxsparin sodium”, “Warfarin”, “Heparin”.
  3. Contributing to the reduction of pressure are injectable forms of Cavinton, Instenton.
  4. Strengthening vascular walls – “Troxerutin”, “Ascorutin”.
  5. Improving blood circulation, activating its circulation through the vessels – plasma, “Albumin” in the form of injection solutions.

Treatment with alternative methods should not exclude the use of medicines. It can complement or enhance the therapeutic effect of traditional treatments and rehabilitation methods. It should not be considered that with the help of traditional medicine it will be possible to get rid of convulsive conditions that occur after a stroke.

In the treatment of folk methods, you can use tinctures intended for internal use and water procedures. It is believed that blood vessels are effectively restored by a product made from honey, orange, lemon. To prepare it, you should take the same amount of these fruits and add honey to them.

The circulation of blood in convulsions after a stroke of the arms and legs is effectively normalized by tincture of sage. To prepare it, you will need one tablespoon of raw materials to pour a glass of boiling water, insist for half an hour. It must be applied three times a day for 100 grams.

Reduce blood coagulability allows infusion based on St. John’s wort, chamomile, birch buds. To cook it, you should take a tablespoon of each ingredient, pour them with water in an amount of 300 ml, boil in a water bath. It is necessary to use the medicine twice a day for 100 grams.

Inside, you can take a tincture, made on the basis of the root of a white crib. To prepare it, you need a tablespoon of raw material, which is poured with vodka in an amount of 400 ml. It is necessary to take such a remedy 25 drops after a meal twice a day.

Physiotherapists advise applying special ointments to the site of seizure. You can use home-made laurel ointment or oil. To do this, you need to take vegetable oil in an amount of 200 grams and 25 grams of laurel leaf. The ingredients are mixed together and insisted for about 50 days. Then the resulting product is brought to a boil and filtered. After cooling, laurel oil must be rubbed into a place subject to seizures.

It is important to remember that folk remedies for seizures of the extremities after a stroke should not replace the main therapy and rehabilitation methods, and their use should be agreed with the doctor.

Before prescribing a treatment regimen, a comprehensive examination of the patient should be carried out, which includes:

  • CT (computed tomography);
  • MRI (magnetic resonance imaging);
  • Ultrasound or dopplerographic study of the state of the vessels of the brain;
  • General analysis of blood and urine.

Based on the results of the examination, the neuropathologist prescribes drug treatment, taking into account the individual characteristics of the patient and the existing chronic pathologies. To eliminate epileptic seizures, prolonged intake of a large number of drugs is required.

Comprehensive examination, before prescribing a treatment regimen

The main anticonvulsant is Finlepsin or Carbamazepine. Additionally prescribed:

  • Antithrombotic drugs – they thin the blood, improve peripheral blood flow. The most inexpensive and effective remedy is aspirin;
  • Medicines to enhance blood flow and improve the supply of oxygen and nutrients to the affected brain tissue;
  • Nootropics, stimulating neural impulses – such drugs normalize the brain.

The dosage and dosage regimen are prescribed by the doctor for each patient separately. In most cases, 5-7 days of treatment are enough to minimize the frequency of seizures and restore the sensitivity of the leg muscles. Dizziness and fainting disappear, the patient again acquires the ability to think clearly. Encephalogram results are used to evaluate the effectiveness of the therapy. Exact observance of the doctor’s recommendations increases the chances of the complete elimination of convulsive seizures and prevents repeated stroke.

Convulsive conditions after a stroke – a dangerous condition that requires immediate medical attention. Timely diagnosis and adequate treatment increases the chances of a favorable prognosis and complete recovery.

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Tatyana Jakowenko

Editor-in-chief of the Detonic online magazine, cardiologist Yakovenko-Plahotnaya Tatyana. Author of more than 950 scientific articles, including in foreign medical journals. He has been working as a cardiologist in a clinical hospital for over 12 years. He owns modern methods of diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases and implements them in his professional activities. For example, it uses methods of resuscitation of the heart, decoding of ECG, functional tests, cyclic ergometry and knows echocardiography very well.

For 10 years, she has been an active participant in numerous medical symposia and workshops for doctors - families, therapists and cardiologists. He has many publications on a healthy lifestyle, diagnosis and treatment of heart and vascular diseases.

He regularly monitors new publications of European and American cardiology journals, writes scientific articles, prepares reports at scientific conferences and participates in European cardiology congresses.

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