The indicators that are measured in pregnant women with a tonometer are called blood pressure or blood pressure. In fact, the force with which blood presses on the inner walls of blood vessels is determined.
The result is expressed in two numbers written through a fraction. The first number – upper pressure or systolic – is an indicator of blood pressure at the time of tension of the heart muscle and its contraction. The second number – the so-called lower pressure or diastolic – is an indicator of pressure at the time of relaxation of the heart.
The level of pressure depends on the volume of blood that the heart pumps over in a second. It can be affected by the time of day, and the general well-being of a woman, and her weight, and psychological state.
During pregnancy, the woman’s body works in a different mode, all organs and systems “work” to the limit of their capabilities, in order to save the baby and provide him with everything necessary for normal growth and development.
The blood pressure on the vessels in expectant mothers also depends on specific factors that are peculiar only to women in an “interesting position”.
So, in the first trimester, a large amount of the hormone progesterone is produced in her body, which is necessary to preserve the embryo and create all conditions for its development.
However, a side effect of this hormone is relaxation of the vascular walls. Therefore, in the first trimester, the pressure can be slightly reduced. It begins to increase in the period from 28 to 32 weeks, when the volume of the circulating blood of the mother increases by more than 2 times.
What should be the pressure in a pregnant woman, it is definitely difficult to answer. In order to better understand what happens to this most important indicator during the period of carrying the crumbs, a woman must know what pressure is normal for her personally.
So, there are ladies who have “working”, their own blood pressure is always in the range of 90 to 60 or 100 to 70. At the same time, they are cheerful, cheerful, feeling good, and such hypotension will not be considered pathological.
In such hypotensive women, a rise in pressure to “almost normal” values, for example, to 130 to 80, will be accompanied by signs of hypertension. And for a woman for whom the norm is 120 by 80, such a slight increase in the level of upper pressure (by 10 mm Hg) will not cause any inconvenience.
Sometimes fluctuations in blood pressure are accompanied by symptoms such as headaches, nausea, dizziness, but often the pregnant woman does not even realize that her blood pressure level is far from normal.
It is dangerous to independently decide on the choice of a method for normalizing blood pressure during pregnancy. It is better to consult your doctor.
To reduce blood pressure values, complex treatment is usually prescribed, which includes lifestyle correction and medications. Their place in the treatment of high blood pressure is reserved for folk remedies. Doctors in most cases do not mind the use of some of them, especially since the choice of medications during pregnancy is very limited.
If problems with an increase in blood pressure begin in the first trimester, doctors try to hospitalize the pregnant woman and treat her under round-the-clock supervision. From week 28, when the pressure in most pregnant women rises, women with high blood pressure are also subject to hospitalization.
In the 3rd trimester after 36 weeks, a woman can also be sent to a hospital for prenatal hospitalization, because doctors need time to bring her pressure level to a relative norm before delivery or to prepare for a planned cesarean section, which is carried out not at 40 weeks, but for a couple of weeks earlier.
General recommendations for lowering blood pressure include observing the regimen of the day, a woman needs at least 8-10 hours of night sleep and an hour and a half sleep during the day.
It is necessary to limit the load on the nervous system, eliminate all stress factors, limit severe physical exertion. An abundance of salt should be excluded from the diet, consuming no more than five grams of this product per day.
Expectant mother with high blood pressure should take easy walks in the fresh air. It is dangerous to take hot baths with high pressure, it is better to limit yourself to a warm shower.
From folk remedies, you can use natural freshly squeezed juices – carrot, lingonberry, cranberry, rowanberry, eat hawthorn fruits, cook jelly from chokeberry, brew herbal teas with chamomile, valerian, motherwort and lemon balm, as well as mint leaves and drink them warm.
It is important to measure the pressure on two hands, since the difference between the indicators in itself is an occasion to consult a doctor. It is imperative that you take the completed tablet with you for the next appointment so that the doctor can assess the dynamics of blood pressure and make a more accurate decision about the prescription or cancellation of drugs or the need for hospitalization.
If a pregnant woman, in addition to pressure, has other signs of preeclampsia – edema, then one more tablet should be entered in which she can daily indicate how much fluid was drunk and how much was excreted. This will help to understand how the kidneys work and whether serious complications have begun.
The choice of medicines for high blood pressure for expectant mothers is very limited, most drugs with this effect are very harmful for a growing baby, teratogenic. Therefore, doctors are trying to prescribe only those few funds that have already been tested over many years of medical practice.
If the pressure rises slightly, the woman will be prescribed drugs with a mild sedative effect – motherwort tablets, valerian, as well as natural preparations – Persen or Novopassit. It helps a lot with minor No-Shpa hypertension. It is prescribed at any stage of pregnancy in individual dosages.
Women in the first and second trimester, if no other measures help, are prescribed Dopegit tablets. In the later stages, “Nifedipine” may be recommended.
In the hospital, the choice of medicines will be wider, under the supervision of a doctor, other medicines can be used that are not recommended at home, as well as droppers with drugs that improve the condition of blood vessels and nutrition of cells and tissues, for example, with Actovegin.
If the pressure is reduced slightly, and the woman feels well, then doctors usually choose a waiting tactic. Expectant mother is recommended to drink hot sweet tea, eat a small piece of chocolate while reducing pressure.
Usually this allows you to normalize a slight decrease, for example, 100 to 50 or 90 to 50. If the decrease is significant or occurs abruptly, up to a swoon, then complex treatment is prescribed.
Folk remedies and medicines are also used to increase blood pressure. But for starters, as in the case of high blood pressure, it is recommended to reconsider the lifestyle. Sleep should be sufficient in time (at least 9-10 hours at night and one and a half hours in the daytime). Walks are useful, you should move more, since a sedentary lifestyle only contributes to a decrease in blood pressure.
During gymnastics, which must be pregnant in the daily life, it is not worth doing exercises related to body turns and inclinations. If blood pressure is low, it is best to sleep with an open window, providing constant access to fresh air. By the way, daytime walks should be quite long – at least an hour.
It is useful for expectant mothers with hypotension to go in for swimming, it will be good if a woman can enroll in water aerobics courses near her home.
Nutrition with reduced pressure should be complete, rich in proteins, carbohydrates and healthy fats, as well as vitamins and minerals. A pregnant woman should definitely start taking multivitamin complexes designed specifically for expectant mothers, if she did not do this before.
You can quickly raise the fallen pressure by taking a contrast shower, as well as having mastered a simple acupressure. It consists of circular movements with the index fingers in a clockwise direction at two strategically important points – in the center between the upper lip and nose, and also in the center between the lower lip and chin.
Medicinal plants, from which tea can be made to increase pressure, are growing everywhere. In extreme cases, they can be bought at any pharmacy. This, for example, rose hips (fruits and flowers). Tea from it, brewed in a thermos, can be taken 3-4 times a day in small portions in the form of heat. The main thing is that he is not too strong.
Of other folk remedies, raspberries and currants are used to increase pressure. Berries can be eaten in their pure form, or you can make jam or compote from them.
Useful honey, walnuts, dried fruits. But there are more salty tips, because salt increases pressure, do not rush to carry out. Indeed, salt helps increase blood pressure on the walls of blood vessels, but it also causes swelling, which is completely undesirable for a woman in an “interesting position”.
Medications for increasing blood pressure are prescribed by a doctor when none of the above methods help or when attacks of falling blood pressure become very frequent.
All drugs that can increase pressure theoretically pose a danger to the placenta, because they act in approximately the same way – narrowing the lumen of the blood vessels. Therefore, drugs are an extreme measure when the risk from their exposure becomes less than the risk of losing pregnancy due to reduced blood pressure.
For emergency care, the drug “Cordiamin” is used in drops. However, it is suitable only for emergency care, and cannot be a means for continuous use. For longer use, they recommend lemongrass, tincture of Eleutherococcus and Pantocrine.
A woman with low blood pressure will have to register with a neuropathologist, these are the recommendations of the Ministry of Health. But expectant mothers with such a problem are hospitalized less often than women with high blood pressure.
Most cases of hypotension can be treated at home, in the usual conditions for the expectant mother. Only those women are sent to the hospital where the pressure jumps are too sharp and are accompanied by fainting.
- We carry out pressure measurement competently
- Fluctuations in pressure during pregnancy
- High blood pressure
- What threatens
- How to treat
- What indicators indicate low blood pressure
- Ev >
- How to measure blood pressure
- About choosing a device
- Pressure during pregnancy: the norm in trimesters, the causes of deviations and methods of correction of indicators
- Danger and risk
- Symptoms of hypertension
We carry out pressure measurement competently
Compliance with the above rules will help to avoid measurement errors, providing a reliable result.
It is not difficult to use an electronic device for measuring – it should be fixed on the bend of the elbow or wrist, depending on the type of tonometer, and started. It is important that the measurement is carried out in a comfortable sitting or lying position.
Measuring pressure using a mechanical device will be difficult on its own. To do this, it is better to ask someone from your loved ones. Having put on a cuff to bend the elbow of a fixed arm, it is necessary to create an artificial air injection using a pear. At the same time, the membrane of the stethoscope device is placed in the central part of the elbow bend.
It is necessary to inflate air to readings of 200-220 mm. Hg. Art., and then begin to slowly lower it until the first blow is heard – this will be the upper indicator of pressure. The lowest indicator is the mark at which the beats cease to be heard. The medical industry also offers semi-automatic blood pressure monitors, in which there is an electronic display with indications, however, air is pumped into the cuff manually.
Today on sale there are a lot of electronic devices for home use. They are convenient to measure blood pressure on their own. Moreover, such devices also take measurements of the pulse, note arrhythmic failures, etc. Such devices are quite easy to use, remember the results that mom should tell the doctor. To get the most reliable results, you need to follow some rules:
- Take measurements at the same time;
- Do not drink caffeinated drinks before measurements;
- Before measurement, it is recommended to lie down and rest for at least 5 minutes, not to be nervous;
- You can not talk, laugh or move during the procedure;
- The bladder must be emptied;
- If any preparations are prescribed for mom, then it is not recommended to take them before measurements;
- It is necessary to carry out measurements of indicators in a sitting position;
- If the results are highly doubtful, then you need to re-measure after 5 minutes.
Particularly attentive to the indicators of pressure during pregnancy should be taken of mothers who have previously encountered the problem of miscarriage, miscarriage, missed pregnancy, etc. Also, risk factors include overweight, endocrine pathologies, urinary and cardiovascular diseases. If the pressure indicators are very different from the norm, then there is a need for round-the-clock monitoring of blood pressure. Every hour, a pregnant woman takes measurements, which helps to detect sudden jumps in blood pressure during the day.
Fluctuations in pressure during pregnancy
To control the blood pressure in a pregnant woman, it is important to know the working value of her blood pressure before pregnancy. The indicator is a guideline for controlling blood pressure when bearing a child. The norm is considered if the systolic (upper) pressure is within 110-130, and the diastolic (lower) is 70-90 mm Hg. Art.
For pregnant women in the first trimester, a certain decrease in working pressure is characteristic (by about 10 units). The pregnant woman feels bouts of suffocation, dizziness. Often, women find out about pregnancy during an examination for sudden fainting. A decrease in blood pressure by 10-15 units to working indicators is a natural phenomenon for the first trimester of pregnancy.
In the body of a woman, more progesterone is produced, the muscles of the uterus relax, the tone of the vessels decreases. In the first trimester, the pressure norm during pregnancy is moderately low. A strong decrease is dangerous for the baby – the fetus receives less oxygen, feels a lack of nutrients. This can lead to impaired fetal development, miscarriage.
The pressure during pregnancy in the second trimester rises slightly compared to the first, the increase is within the framework of performance indicators. High rates are dangerous due to oxygen starvation, retardation in fetal development. It is recommended that pregnant women in the 2nd trimester constantly monitor indicators using a home blood pressure monitor.
After 20 weeks, the woman’s body forms a second circle of blood flow, the load on the heart increases. The pulse in the pregnant woman rises, blood pressure rises slightly. In the 3rd trimester, the blood volume increases by 1,5 liters, the normal pressure during pregnancy of this period is 10-15 units higher. In the later stages, it is important to regularly monitor blood pressure. If a sharp decrease or increase in indicators is suspected, a gynecologist’s consultation is urgently required.
High blood pressure
In case of weakness it is better to lie down
Approximately by the middle of the gestation of blood pressure, which was previously restrained by the progesterone hormone, gradually increases, but in general, the normal pressure during pregnancy will be individual for each patient. Normally, the pressure should be no higher than 140/90. If the tonometer regularly issues high marks, then mom should immediately consult a doctor, and sometimes this is an occasion to immediately call an ambulance. Pressure in the third trimester of pregnancy with its increase can complicate the bearing and the upcoming delivery.
From the beginning of the second trimester of pregnancy, the norm Blood pressure in pregnant women rises. During this period, the second blood circulation cycle, called the placental circle, is finally formed. But after a 30-week period, the volume of blood flow rises by 1 liter, which provokes a steady increase in pressure. Heart contractions become more frequent, and the pulse is normally 80-90 beats / min. This is the absolute norm of pressure in the 3rd trimester of pregnancy. An increase of 5-15 units in comparison with the first trimester of gestation is considered quite normal.
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A variety of factors can provoke the development of hypertension in pregnant women. These include cardiovascular disorders, endocrine or renal pathologies (renal infarction or pyelonephritis). Also, the presence of pathology in the anamnesis is the cause of hypertension, i.e., the mother already had hypertension before conception.
Sometimes the cause of increased indicators can be disorders of psychoemotional and mental genesis, nerve stress and frequent stresses. Also, products with a similar effect, gestosis and multiple bearing can cause hypertension. Hereditary factor and genetic predisposition, overweight and gestational diabetes can also trigger an increase in blood pressure.
Often, signs of hypertension occur in mothers with non-observance of diet and sleep, as well as when the mother is younger than 18 or older than 35 years. All these factors automatically rank mom as a risk group for the development of hypertension, which requires careful attention to the results of blood pressure measurements.
Increased blood pressure in pregnant women in recent weeks is often attributed to physiological changes typical of pregnant women in connection with their specific condition. For the prevention of hypertensive attacks, it is very important to regularly measure blood pressure, especially at 7-8 months of the third trimester.
- Typically, clinical manifestations such as migraine pain, ear noise, or black flies in front of the eyes indicate the development of a hypertensive attack;
- Also, pathology is accompanied by nausea-vomiting syndrome and severe dizziness;
- The skin turns red, the face swells;
- Mom begins to recover rap >
These symptoms indicate the development of hypertensive syndrome, which requires special control in the third trimester.
The main thing is to comply with all medical recommendations
Hypertension can be dangerous for a pregnant patient, but it is even more dangerous for the fetus. It is just that patients with high blood pressure in 5-8% of cases develop a state of preeclampsia. This usually occurs after 30 weeks. Such a condition is dangerous in that it can provoke kidney failure, disturbances in cardiac activity or blood supply in the mother’s body and placental structures. Therefore, a woman should always know what her normal pressure is, which is considered a deviation.
If the patient does not receive therapy in a timely manner, then the pathology passes into eclampsia, for which convulsions and cerebral malfunctions, coma are considered typical signs. For the baby, such conditions are dangerous with developmental delays, fading, hypoxia, or intrauterine death. In the late stages of hypertension, the patient is required to be hospitalized.
If hypertension occurs over a 32-week period, then hospitalization is performed to control hypertension and provide drug support for the body. After a 37-week gestation period, the patient is subject to hospitalization in order to prepare for delivery, if the case is severe, then premature birth is indicated.
Elevated blood pressure can adversely affect the functionality of the fetal-mother system. In placental structures with hypertensive seizures, blood flow decreases, which provokes fetal distress, leading to developmental abnormalities or intrauterine fetal death. Vascular walls with high blood pressure are spasmodic, which leads to stagnation of toxic metabolic products and insufficient oxygen supply.
Suffer with an increase in blood pressure and kidneys, in the tissues of which vessels are spasmodic, which interferes with the processes of urine formation. As a result, protein compounds enter urine, and swelling forms due to thickening of the blood. If protein is detected in urine, then a pregnant woman is diagnosed with preeclampsia. The risk of developing acute kidney failure is increased.
How to treat
With an increase in blood pressure, it is important not to get confused and act according to the instructions.
- If Mommy’s blood pressure has risen dramatically, urgent urgency should be called up, especially if such an attack of hypertension has occurred for the first time.
- If previously any obstetrician-gynecologist has been prescribed any therapy for the correction of blood pressure, then you need to take the necessary drugs.
- Until the doctor arrives, the woman needs to settle down, lying on her left side. In this position, the blood will freely flow to the uterine body, therefore, the baby will not experience severe discomfort.
- A woman should calm down and breathe slowly, deeply, distracted from all pressing problems.
- It is necessary to measure blood pressure every quarter of an hour and record the results so that when the doctor arrives, you can tell the dynamics of the pressure change to a specialist.
Usually, in a similar situation, a pregnant woman is prescribed complex therapy, which includes correction of a way of life and taking medications. Hypertension in pregnant women is usually treated with calcium antagonists and β-blockers, drugs that have a gentle diuretic effect. As a non-drug treatment, diet correction, proper rest and sleep, weight control, eradication of unhealthy habits, walking and feasible physical activity are used.
Symptoms of high blood pressure during pregnancy are a bit similar to signs of low, however, they can still be distinguished before the measurement:
- a woman has headaches with different intensities;
- there are problems with vision, a pregnant woman sees “goosebumps” in front of her;
- tinnitus periodically appears;
- profuse sweating begins;
- tachycardia occurs, disruptions in the normal rhythm of the heart.
A slight increase in pressure in the early stages of pregnancy is a quite characteristic and natural phenomenon. After all, the future mother’s blood volume increases, the load on the heart increases, but all this is necessary for the normal interaction of the mother-placenta-fetus system. However, there is a category of women who have a higher chance of suffering from hypertension.
The precursors of high blood pressure will be:
- hypertension detected before pregnancy (in those with a fixed pressure of 140/90 mm Hg. Art. constantly or at regular intervals);
- the presence of neuroendocrine diseases (diabetes mellitus, thyroid disease and / or adrenal glands, etc.);
- diseases of the nervous system, accompanied by violations in the regulation of vascular tone (encephalitis, myelitis, brain injury, back and others);
- diseases of the heart and other organs that can affect the increase in pressure;
- biliary dyskinesia .
If high blood pressure is detected, the expectant mother will be offered to go to the hospital. Before writing a waiver, you should be aware of the consequences of such a decision.
Like low, high blood pressure during pregnancy in the early stages affects the walls of blood vessels, increases muscle tone. It is also able to disrupt normal circulation in the placenta, as a result of which the child will be under constant threat. From the second trimester, hypertension will lead to edema, the presence of protein in the urine and, most unpleasantly, gestosis.
A woman who is prone to hypertension has already experienced
or preterm birth, must necessarily independently control the pressure daily.
The first thing to do when identifying high blood pressure is to see a doctor to identify the underlying problem. All hypertension most often manifests itself as a concomitant disease, and not the main one. Only a specialist can choose the right medication to reduce performance and not harm the child. In general, a pregnant woman must adhere to the following rules:
- reduce salt intake;
- generally refuse fatty foods in favor of fruits and vegetables (raw and / or steamed);
- control your weight, arrange fasting days;
- Do not lie all day on the couch, reveling in your new condition;
- more walk in the fresh air, do swimming, light sports, yoga.
Of course, do not forget about the rest. Regular loads, constant over-employment will only provoke the development of deviations. And, of course, be sure to monitor your health and do not delay the visit to the doctor. After all, a timely visit often allows you to start treatment on time and avoid serious consequences. Positive emotions and impressions will only become an additional plus when carrying a child, they will add optimism to both mother and future baby.
What indicators indicate low blood pressure
- the woman constantly wants to sleep, as if she lacks oxygen;
- shortness of breath when walking;
- lethargy occurs, it becomes difficult to work, as it is impossible to concentrate;
- tinnitus is sometimes heard;
- a woman may periodically lose consciousness;
- the pregnant woman is accompanied by headaches, dizziness.
There is a high probability of low blood pressure during pregnancy in early girls with a diagnosis of vegetative-vascular dystonia, as well as those who are prone to hypotension, anemia. Future mothers who are on strict diets, experience regular stress, and also cannot eat well due to their low social level, are at risk.
Low pressure during pregnancy in the early stages is not easy discomfort for the expectant mother, it is a real threat to the baby. Since at first the baby does not yet have a blood circulation separate from the mother, regular fainting, lack of oxygen as a result can lead to a lag in the development of the baby.
However, low blood pressure can enhance the manifestations of toxicosis and vomiting, which makes the future mother feel even worse. As for the second and third trimester, here too, hypotension is terrible for the child. By the way, if the indicators only sometimes decrease, then this will not bring such serious consequences, since the vessels in the placenta can already independently support normal blood circulation.
If a pregnant woman suffers from hypotension for almost the entire period, then placental insufficiency, fetal oxygen starvation, difficulties with labor, and gestosis can develop. But the worst thing that can happen is a miscarriage provoked by hypotension. Also, it is impossible to exclude severe intrauterine bruises when the mother falls during dizziness or fainting.
To get rid of low pressure, there are several proven methods that are better used in combination:
- Abrupt rises from the bed – not for pregnant women. Better to wake up calmly, soak up a bit and enjoy in the morning. This will protect against bouts of nausea and dizziness. Some noted that they feel much better if they sleep on high pillows.
- A light snack right in bed is not a whim, but a good habit for toxicosis and hypotension. For this purpose, a small cracker, fruit.
- If you suddenly feel dizzy, then you should lie on the floor or sofa, raise your legs along the wall and stay in this position for a couple of minutes. Blood will change the place of dislocation and enter the brain, saturating it in sufficient quantity with oxygen.
- The effect will be from compression stockings, which also prevent varicose veins.
- Light physical exercises will improve the general condition, maintain the body in good shape and increase pressure.
- Watch your diet, be sure to include fruits and juices in it. Simple salt can also help solve the problem. Due to the fact that it retains flu >
The diet should consist of healthy foods.
If hypertension is considered a pathology, then hypotension does not always have a pathological character. At the beginning of gestation, hypotension has a physiological origin due to progesterone exposure. Such a hormonal substance has a relaxing effect on the uterine muscle tissue, which protects the fetus from spontaneous interruption.
Absolutely all vascular channels fall under the relaxing progesterone effect, which is why hypotension occurs. At the second stage of gestation, the progesterone effect decreases, the pressure normalizes. If the pressure is lowered, then the cause may be an anemic condition, to prevent which Mom is prescribed iron preparations.
In the third trimester of gestation, various factors, such as the structure of CVS, heredity or the negative impact of the environment, affect blood pressure. Disruptions in the activity of the adrenal glands, the formation of the placental circle of blood circulation, which creates additional cardiac loads, can also provoke hypotension.
In addition, factors such as iron deficiency or a sedentary lifestyle, malnutrition or vitamin deficiency, and stressful situations can provoke hypotension. Also leading to the development of arterial hypotension is capable of lack of sleep and chronic fatigue, pathologies of the vascular system and myocardium, the presence of this pathology even before conception.
Sometimes an attack of falling Blood pressure has a single, single character, which is not a pathology. But if the indicators regularly fall to 100-90 / 70-60, then you definitely need to discuss this problem with a specialist. It is necessary to regularly measure blood pressure, then deviations in the indicators will be detected in a timely manner.
The characteristic signs of hypotension in pregnant women include fatigue and chronic fatigue, a constant feeling of weakness and lack of air, shortness of breath. Also, arterial hypotension can be accompanied by hyperpotency, ear ringing, migraines, pallor and cold extremities, fainting conditions, etc.
Decreased blood pressure is not always considered a dangerous condition, often considering them as a simple ailment. But we will really look at things – hypotension negatively affects fetal development and the birth process.
- In the placental tissues, circulatory disturbance occurs, so the baby experiences oxygen deficiency and nutritional deficiency.
- As a result, severe hypoxia and a delay in fetal development develops or spontaneous abortion occurs.
- During delivery, lowered blood pressure indicators complicate grasping activity and may lead to the need for caesarean section.
At any gestational age, hypotension is extremely dangerous for the fetus. If for a pregnant woman she threatens only with malaise and weakness, dizziness, then for a baby this condition of the mother is fraught with fading, miscarriage, hypoxia, intrauterine growth retardation, premature discharge of water or early childbirth.
To normalize the pressure, physiotherapy and drug treatment are prescribed, which takes place under the supervision of a gynecologist. Self-medication is unacceptable, as they can harm the fetus. To restore normal blood pressure, herbal preparations are used, such as rhodiola and eleutherococcus extracts, tinctures of aralia and lemongrass, Pantocrine.
With hypotension with headaches, caffeine intake provides a positive effect. In addition to the above medications, sedative medications can also be prescribed to prevent uterine hypertension. Also, mothers are recommended to observe the regimen, often walk, do gymnastics and exercise therapy, swimming, eliminating stress and proper nutrition.
How to measure blood pressure
Attention! You can not measure pressure after exercise, waking up, showering, climbing stairs, eating. These factors influence the outcome.
About choosing a device
Easy to use electronic blood pressure monitors. When buying, be sure to compare the indicators with a conventional mechanical device. An error in the measurement is recorded here (if any). Mechanical devices will be difficult to measure, but more accurate. In order to clarify what pressure is considered normal for a particular pregnant woman, it is important to start taking measurements before pregnancy, and when bearing a child, control blood pressure in accordance with performance indicators.
Electronic pressure measuring devices, in turn, are divided into groups:
- Automatic blood pressure monitors – air is automatically pumped into the cuff, pressure and pulse data are displayed on the device screen.
- Semi-automatic blood pressure monitors – air injection is done manually, data is displayed on the screen.
Note that the tonometer may show incorrect data if you performed active physical actions or were worried before the procedure. Also, some foods and drinks may affect your blood pressure.
Pressure during pregnancy: the norm in trimesters, the causes of deviations and methods of correction of indicators
The volume of blood flow increases in all women who are expecting a baby. But not everyone has the pressure because of this rises. The occurrence of hypertension is affected by many additional factors that automatically make a woman a representative of the high-risk group:
- genetic predisposition, heredity;
- multiple pregnancies;
- obesity and large weight gain, extra pounds before pregnancy;
- the presence of diabetes mellitus, as well as gestational diabetes;
- diseases of the cardiovascular system;
- chronic kidney and liver diseases;
- habitual hypertension (in the absence of concomitant diseases);
- stress, prolonged adverse psychological effects;
- irrational mode – insufficient time for sleep, an abundance of salty food in the diet;
- the future mother is over 35 years old or less than 18 years old.
The decrease in pressure has physiological reasons. So, nature provided that in the 1st trimester of pregnancy there should not be a strong load on the vessels that have just formed – the vessels of a new organ – the placenta.
A natural decline is said if the fluctuation occurs within 10 millimeters of mercury. If, for a woman with a normal pressure of 120 to 80, the blood pressure drops to readings of 90 and 60, then this is as alarming as the increase in the indicator. The causes of hypotension can be as follows:
- a woman’s sedentary lifestyle, when work or hobbies are associated with a long stay in one position, almost motionless;
- prolonged stress, anxiety, emotional distress;
- a state of blood loss after bleeding or surgery;
- dehydration conditions;
- prolonged lack of sleep;
- cardiovascular diseases;
- digestive ulcers;
- insufficient functioning of the thyroid gland;
- infectious diseases in the acute stage.
Danger and risk
The greatest danger that lies in the increase in pressure during pregnancy is gestosis. With it, a woman usually has edema, and the presence of protein in the urine is laboratory-recorded. Gestosis is dangerous for both a woman and her child. It can cause the death of the mother and fetus.
High pressure creates spastic vascular readiness, and spasms cause hemorrhages in various organs, including the brain. The likelihood of thrombosis, dehydration increases. The most formidable consequence is premature detachment of the placenta and intrauterine death of the baby.
The statistics are disappointing – every tenth woman with mild gestosis gives birth before the due date, sometimes the child is not yet ready for an independent life.
With moderate gestosis, two out of ten women experience premature birth, and with severe gestosis, three or four expectant mothers of ten of them enter the maternity ward well before the appointed time.
Long gestosis, which proceeds gradually, without sharp pressure surges, often causes intrauterine oxygen deficiency, and the child develops hypoxia. The state of hypoxia leaves its mark on the mental and physical development of the baby, on his immunity.
Dangerously high blood pressure and during childbirth. It poses a threat of severe bleeding, great blood loss and even death of a woman. Therefore, often enough, a decision is made on early cesarean section surgery to save the baby and his mother.
The danger of low pressure lies in the fact that blood with hypotension enters the organs much more slowly and in smaller quantities. This is fraught with the development of oxygen starvation as the tissues of the mother (brain, heart), and fetal hypoxia.
A future mother with low blood pressure has a higher risk of developing fetoplacental insufficiency, intrauterine growth retardation of the baby, the birth of a little baby, as well as increased risks of miscarriage in the early term or premature birth in the late.
Low blood pressure exacerbates the course of toxicosis in pregnant women, and also indirectly affects labor forces – women with pathologically low blood pressure during labor often experience weak labor forces, which leads to an emergency cesarean section. Recovery after childbirth in such mothers is slower, the risks of complications in the form of prolonged bleeding are higher.
Symptoms of hypertension
A woman can guess about high blood pressure by some characteristic signs:
- headache, moreover, it intensifies with increasing pressure;
- a sensation of flashing flies before the eyes;
- bouts of sudden dizziness;
- a feeling of rolling nausea, which in some cases may be accompanied by the appearance of a vomiting reflex;
- noise in ears;
- red spots on the skin in the face, neck and chest.
Lowering the pressure, if it occurs gradually, also most often proceeds imperceptibly. But a sharp decrease or decrease significantly below the normal level may be accompanied by such symptoms:
- a feeling of heaviness in the head, aggravated by movement;
- increased drowsiness and a feeling of weakness, fatigue;
- the appearance of shortness of breath, which becomes more pronounced even with a slight increase in physical activity;
- nausea and dizziness with a sharp rise from a horizontal position, as well as with a sharp change in body position in space;
- episodes of loss of consciousness, fainting.
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The complex effect of plant components of the drug Detonic on the walls of blood vessels and the autonomic nervous system contribute to a rapid decrease in blood pressure. In addition, this drug prevents the development of atherosclerosis, thanks to the unique components that are involved in the synthesis of lecithin, an amino acid that regulates cholesterol metabolism and prevents the formation of atherosclerotic plaques.
Detonic not addictive and withdrawal syndrome, since all components of the product are natural.
Detailed information about Detonic is located on the manufacturer’s page.