More than 30 causes of a headache in the back of the head, what can be and what to do

The following types of pain are possible in the occipital part of the head:

  • Strain – the most common daily and chronic, associated with muscle contraction.
  • Migraines – the exact causes have not been identified, are often hereditary, lasting from several hours to three days.
  • Mixed – a combination of migraine and tensional pain.
  • Cluster – the most severe, burning and stitching. They are rare.
  • Sinus – occur with inflammation of the sinuses.
  • Acute – appear suddenly, often during respiratory diseases.
  • Hormonal – mainly women suffer, and they are associated with a change in hormone levels.
  • Chronic – are considered the result of a disease or abnormality of the brain.

The main causes of pain in the back of the head and temples are considered negative changes in the functioning of the vascular system. When a spasm occurs, the vessels are compressed and certain parts of the brain are left without food, and when they relax, on the contrary, a significant ejection of blood occurs. The autonomic nervous system controls the vascular tone, therefore, throbbing pain indicates violations in its work. Why does the nape of the head and whiskey hurt? These may be symptoms of various diseases. They are conditionally divided into the following groups:

  • Neurological – stressful situations, migraine, inflammatory processes in the occipital nerve, neurosis.
  • Vascular – high blood pressure, vegetovascular dystonia, intracranial hypertension.
  • Diseases of the cervical spine – myositis, osteochondrosis, spondylosis, myogelosis, cervical migraine, professional tension pain.

In addition, such pains occur with certain infectious diseases and tumor processes in the brain. And also contribute to this:

  • bad habits – smoking and alcohol;
  • sleep on a hard pillow;
  • excitement of a psycho-emotional nature;
  • regular use of caffeinated drinks and a sharp rejection of them.

Why does the nape of the head and whiskey hurt? This is always the response of the individual organism to the wrong lifestyle or problems that arise in the body. Immediate medical attention is required for:

  • increased pain with increased loads;
  • lasting several hours in a row or several days of pain;
  • unpleasant sensations in the morning, before getting out of bed;
  • tinnitus, nausea, vomiting, impaired coordination of movements.

f1566448a11ad65592c4fe5fffbfe7e4 - More than 30 causes of a headache in the back of the head, what can be and what to do

Important! If blood pressure rises sharply with pulsating pain, urgent medical attention is needed because of the high probability of a hypertensive crisis.

A headache in the back of the head by no means can always be preceded by an uncomfortable position during sleep – sometimes this symptom indicates more significant circumstances associated with a violation in the body. Assessing the degree of damage and the cause of its appearance, periodicity factor is of particular importance, and the determination of the nature of pain is aching, dull, permanent temporary. If such a symptom occurs regularly, it is possible that you will need the help of a neurologist who will conduct an examination and establish the root cause.

If the back of the head is not subjected to pressure, mechanical stress or prolonged exposure to an uncomfortable position, the cause should be sought among the disorders of the body. The most likely problems with its functioning include:

  • cerebrovascular spasm;
  • increase in intracranial pressure;
  • hypertensive crisis;
  • occipital nerve neuralgia;
  • diseases of the cervical spine;
  • inflammatory lesions of the temporomandibular joints.

These conditions also include constant stay in a stressful or hot environment, incorrect selection of headgear, and the use of strong coffee. The back of the head can be sick on the eve of a change in temperature (mainly in the elderly or after a traumatic brain injury).

Depending on the underlying disease, the occipital pain can be complicated by other symptoms, which will allow you to more quickly differentiate the condition, starting treatment.

  • a840d0a818f18f489db5c4825603042c - More than 30 causes of a headache in the back of the head, what can be and what to doOsteochondrosis. Since the pathology is characterized by depletion of the cartilaginous tissue of the vertebrae, the main symptoms will be pains not only the back of the head, but also the neck itself, aggravating when you try to turn your head, or make an examination; dizziness, dyspeptic disorders, weakness, visual impairment, an imaginary feeling of a veil in front of the eyes, blurred consciousness (in more severe stages), and pallor of the skin are noted. Throwing your head back can cause coordination problems or fainting. Movement activity is reduced.
  • Hypertensive crisis. It occurs suddenly, due to changes in weather conditions, or gradually, after a stressful situation, excitement, panic attacks. Nausea almost always ends with vomiting, “flies” and spots flash before the eyes, speech is disturbed, consciousness is confused, dizziness disturbs, pallor of the skin, neurological disorders, including fear of death, are noted. If you do not provide medical assistance in a timely manner, the condition will turn into a stroke.
  • Spasm of the arteries. The nape of the head is painful only with motor activity, and the patient’s sitting or lying position can reduce the intensity of discomfort. The main symptom that makes it possible to distinguish pathology from the rest is the feeling of peculiar “goose bumps” on the skin of the nape of the neck, which indicates a systematic spasm of the arteries.
  • Cerebrovascular accident. An increase in the level of intracranial pressure due to problems with blood circulation inside the vessels of the brain causes not only intense pain in the occipital part, but also provokes an attack of vomiting (the stage of nausea can often be avoided), dizziness, a feeling of heaviness inside the skull, nosebleeds (bright blood) . Ophthalmic manifestations also appear – a feeling of the presence of sand in the eyes – pain, conjunctival redness, often – even rupture of capillaries and hemorrhage on the eyeball. Strong coffee, infection (meningitis, encephalitis), loud noise can provoke the phenomenon.
  • Occipital neuralgia is differentiated by such accompanying signs as the spread of soreness to the back, neck and lower jaw; the painful sensation is paroxysmal, makes it impossible to perform basic actions, it is impossible to sleep on the affected side. Coughing, jaw movement, or sneezing cause pain.
  • Inflammatory lesions of the mandibular joints can occur as a result of hypothermia, improper adhesion of a bone fracture, or a pathological process of a different genesis. The disease often develops due to malocclusion and requires the consultation of an orthodontist.

Differential diagnosis is aimed at early detection of the underlying disease, since only by eliminating the root cause, you can get rid of pain in the occipital region – it is rarely an independent sign.

Only a specialist can conduct an examination and prescribe therapy for a revealed health problem – trying to treat yourself, you can aggravate the course of the disease or cause many others. After contacting a neurologist, the patient must undergo a series of diagnostic measures:

  • Inspection The neuropathologist palpates the painful area, determining the spectrum of the lesion and the direction of irradiation.
  • Donate blood and urine. Blood leukocytosis indicates the presence of inflammation in the body.
  • Have an X-ray, MRI, or CT scan. Each of these basic research methods allows you to see the morphological changes in blood vessels and nerve roots that lie in the occipital – parietal region of the head and cervical spine.

Monitoring the level of blood pressure, the study of the condition of the fundus are carried out additionally, depending on the assumptions of a specialist.

Treatment is carried out by a neurologist in conjunction with a physiotherapist, traumatologist and chiropractor.

With an increase in pain in the occipital region, it is necessary to provide access to fresh air, to unfasten a tight collar or other clothing that fetters movement.

If the attack is caused only by overwork or stress transfer, analgesics and anti-inflammatory drugs, rest, acupressure of the neck are prescribed. Physiotherapy will have a beneficial effect on the state of health, will allow you to relax the painful area.

An increase in blood pressure is a contraindication to massage, and the antihypertensive therapy is the correct action in this case – the introduction of a solution of dibazole with papaverine or magnesium sulfate. Providing access to oxygen and rest. Hospitalization in most cases is not required.

  • For pain caused by malocclusion, only an orthodontist can provide qualified help – the installation of a bracket system will be considered.
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in the form of injections are relevant for myositis and neuralgia – a specialist can also prescribe warming ointments with the main active substance in the form of diclofenac sodium.
  • Acupuncture refers to non-traditional methods of treatment of occipital pain, so the safety of use should be discussed with a neuropathologist.
  • Stopping an attack of pain with tablet painkillers on the eve of going to the doctor is undesirable, since this action will distort the real clinical picture.

Any occipital pain, whether it is excruciating, dull and prolonged, or sudden, strong and shooting, brings a person physical and emotional discomfort. The cause of pain in the nape of the neck, which does not allow to fully relax and perform everyday activities, must be sought in pathologies associated with the most important body systems – nervous, vascular and vertebral.

In most cases, the systematic occurrence of occipital pain or its constant presence signals violations that occur in the vascular, nervous or vertebral system, as well as the formation of tumors or hematomas in this area. Also, a headache in the back of the head can be triggered by non-pathological factors: meteorological dependence, air travel, uncomfortable sleeping position, nervous strain.

A pronounced occipital pain is evidence of acute inflammatory processes occurring in this area. It can develop in the presence of the following pathologies:

  • Neuralgia of a nerve located in the occipital region – intense burning and paroxysmal pain covers the entire occiput and can spread to the cervical region, muscles of the upper back, ears, lower jaw. In most cases, the pain syndrome develops from the inflamed nerve.
  • Meningitis – a severe infection is accompanied by very severe headache, including including the back of the head. The accompanying symptoms of the disease are high fever, vomiting, convulsions and, in severe cases, an unconscious state.

The nature of pain in various diseases

Depending on the cause of the headache in the back of the head, it can be of a different nature and be accompanied by certain clinical manifestations, which must be clearly stated to the doctor.

If the neck and neck are sore, the causes may be the presence of a disease such as osteochondrosis of the cervical spine. The disease manifests itself in the destruction of the discs of the cervical vertebrae, and pains are constantly manifested and are felt not only in the neck and back of the head, but also in the temples. They become more intense with head movements and can be accompanied by:

  • tinnitus;
  • nausea;
  • coordination disorders;
  • veil before the eyes and double vision.

boli v zatylke golovy 1 - More than 30 causes of a headache in the back of the head, what can be and what to do

Hypertensive attacks are characterized by the appearance of bursting pains, which are accompanied by pulsation. They may appear during waking up after a night’s sleep. In addition, it is observed:

  • general weakness;
  • dizziness;
  • cardiopalmus;
  • increased pain when trying to tilt your head;
  • decrease in pain after sudden vomiting.

An increase in intracranial pressure is characterized by:

  • pressing, bursting pains in the occipital region or throughout the head;
  • increased pain in bright light and loud sounds;
  • heaviness in the head and pain in the eyeballs;
  • vomiting that does not reduce pain.

For inflammatory processes in the neck muscles that have arisen due to hypothermia or trauma, pain symptoms are characteristic that extend from the neck to the occipital, shoulder and interscapular regions. It appears with head movements and is asymmetric.

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More about myositis

Occipital neuralgia due to hypothermia or concomitant osteochondrosis is characterized by very severe shooting pains. They occur periodically, like seizures in any attempt to change the position of the head.

During rest in the occipital region there is a slight pain of a pressing nature.

Spasms of the cranial arteries cause a throbbing pain, which manifests itself more when you try to move your head and somewhat subsides at rest. The pain begins in the back of the head and eventually covers the frontal region. It is accompanied by a feeling of heaviness in the head and begins in the morning after waking up.

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The causes of pain in the nape of the head are so diverse that it is difficult for patients to determine what they are associated with. Painful sensations can occur both on the right and on the left, or affecting both parts simultaneously.

A headache in the back of the head (the reasons will be described below) can bother a person constantly, with a simple touch and when turning the head.

To quickly and effectively eliminate this ailment, you need to find out the root cause of this condition.

Pain in the neck may indicate the presence of many diseases. The most common ones are:

  • occipital nerve neuralgia;
  • diseases of the cervical spine, such as spondylitis, osteochondrosis, spondylosis, cervical migraine, etc .;
  • cerebrovascular spasm;
  • increased intracranial pressure;
  • hypertension (high blood pressure);
  • prolonged stay in an uncomfortable position;
  • stressful states;
  • excessive muscle tension due to physical activity;
  • diseases of the temporomandibular joints or malocclusion.
  • Cervical osteochondrosis. This disease causes a change in the structure of the intervertebral discs and is accompanied by constant pain in the back of the head, neck and temples. Often, painful sensations are accompanied by nausea, dizziness, hearing loss, impaired coordination. There may appear a feeling of “veil” in front of the eyes, double objects. When the head is thrown back or a sudden movement is made, the patient falls and loses the ability to move for some time, although he remains fully conscious. Often with cervical osteochondrosis, a patient experiences cervical migraine, which is accompanied by a sharp headache in the back of the head, extending to the temples and the superciliary area.
  • Cervical spondylosis. The disease is accompanied by the appearance of bone growths on the spine, which significantly impair neck mobility. The patient at the same time experiences very frequent headaches in the back of the head, sometimes practically not stopping. With any turns and tilts of the head, the pain intensifies. Due to constant pain, the patient is disturbed by sleep.
  • Hypertension. Often high blood pressure is accompanied by the appearance of pulsating, frequent headaches in the back of the head. Headaches in the back of the head are often accompanied by palpitations, general weakness, dizziness, and sudden nausea.
  • Cervical myositis. This disease often occurs as a result of hypothermia, injury or prolonged stay in an uncomfortable position. The main symptom is a headache in the back of the head with movements (turns or tilts) of the head. In this case, the pain often gives to the shoulders, nape and interscapular region. This disease is characterized by asymmetric pain, that is, on the one hand, it is more pronounced.
  • Myogelosis of the cervical spine. This disease is characterized by the appearance of painful seals in the muscles of the neck, which is accompanied by dizziness and sharp headaches in the back of the head.
  • Occipital neuralgia often causes a headache in the back of the head. In this case, the pains are paroxysmal, they are given to the neck, back, ears, lower jaw. Any movement of the head, coughing or sneezing intensifies the pain. Patients with this disease describe the pain as “shooting”.
  • Vascular pain caused by spasm of the arteries. The patient complains of pain in the back of the head, which mainly occurs when moving and subs >bol v zatylke - More than 30 causes of a headache in the back of the head, what can be and what to do

    Headache differs in the localization of foci, intensity, duration, as well as the nature of the spread of pain.

    The pain can cover the frontotemporal region on one side and may be accompanied by nausea and even vomiting. It arises, as a rule, by itself and is chronic. In this case, the likely cause of the pain is migraine. It can last from 4 hours to several days.

    Pain characterized by prolonged tension of varying intensity in different parts of the head and neck is called tensive.

    Compressive or choking sensations can occur both in the dorsal and ventral areas of the head:

    bolit golova v oblasti zatylka 1 - More than 30 causes of a headache in the back of the head, what can be and what to doHypertension is usually the cause of a headache in the back of the head.

    This is a fairly common type of GB and is not a rare occurrence, since almost 1,4 billion people suffer from similar pains around the globe. The reason for this can be various neurotic conditions and increased psychoemotional stress, which are increasingly occurring in people with increased intensity of life:

    1. Stressful conditions. Against the background of long intense brain work associated with increased responsibility (schoolchildren and students before the exam, office and other employees before preparing reports, projects), this type of pain often occurs in the afternoon.
    2. Irregular, inferior sleep. The absence of any satisfaction in the rest.
    3. Incorrect, unnatural position during work, which is repeated regularly and negatively affects posture.
    4. Feeling of hunger associated with a rare meal.
    5. Long-term visual load is one of the main causes of tensional pain.
    6. Deficiency of vital compounds in the blood – glucose, carbon dioxide, or oxygen.
    7. High or low blood pressure.
    8. Premenstrual syndrome, menopause.

    A headache in the back of the head hurts – this is a sign of a sharp jump in lower blood pressure, in which case the pain is constricting, throbbing, characterized by pronounced intensity. The indicator, as a rule, increases by 25% from the initial one and indicates the presence of arterial hypertension. In addition, severe pain in the back of the head can mean a hypertensive crisis.

    Moderate aching pain in the back of the head, turning to the temples, or throbbing long-term pain (or paroxysmal) is a sign of cervical osteochondrosis. High or low pressure per se is not an integral companion of GB. The cause may be any pathological processes that occur against the background of hypo/hypertension.

    8b03907afddbda9d866896b53f78583c - More than 30 causes of a headache in the back of the head, what can be and what to do

    Pressing pain in the forehead, eyebrows and temples most often indicates the presence of inflammatory processes that cause swelling of the soft tissues. It is usually accompanied by fever and nasal congestion. This can be both Influenza, ARI, and complications in the form of frontal sinusitis and sinusitis.

    Similar localization of pain can occur in the same way:

    1. Inflammation of the membranes of the brain and spinal cord (accompanied by fever, general malaise, fever and more severe symptoms);
    2. The manifestation of difficultly diagnosed diseases of the cardiovascular system (neurocirculatory dystonia, cerebrovascular disease).

    Identification of the causes of pain in the nape of the head by its nature

    • Spondylosis Bone growths form in the cervical spine. There is pain in the back of the head on the left or right side, the attacks are protracted and debilitating.
    • Cervical osteochondrosis. Why does the neck and nape of the head hurt? Structural changes in the discs between the vertebrae are observed. Pathology is accompanied by a headache on the right side of the nape, which captures the entire back of the head, neck and temporal region. With sharp movements of the head, a complete loss of coordination of movement is possible.
    • Myositis. It occurs with hypothermia and an uncomfortable position of the cervical spine. The occipital headache gives to the shoulder blades, shoulders and temples. It is characterized by asymmetry.
    • Myogelosis Why does the nape of the head always hurt? Compaction of the cervical muscle tissue occurs, which is accompanied by a throbbing pain in the neck of the head.
    • Hypertension. High blood pressure causes constant headaches in the back of the head and temples. This causes dizziness, palpitations, and nausea.
    • Occipital neuralgia. The disease is characterized by shooting pains on the left or right side of the nape, which depend on the movement of the head.
    • Intracranial pressure. Herpes zoster headaches with localization in the occipital part, dizziness, vomiting, photophobia, tearing appear.
    • Pathologies of the cervical spine: osteochondrosis, spondylosis, spondylitis, fractures or fractures of the cervical vertebrae. They cause a violation of the sympathetic regulation of the tone of the vessels of the neck, and this leads to a condition called cervical migraine. If the bone structures compress the vessels passing in the neck that feed the occipital lobes and brain stem, a pathology called vertebro-basilar insufficiency develops.
    • Diseases of the kidneys, brain, adrenal glands, as well as a condition whose cause is unclear (hypertension), accompanied by an increase in blood pressure.
    • Pathologies accompanied by an increase in intracranial pressure – concussion or contusion of the brain, meningitis, subarachnoid hemorrhage, decompensation of hydrocephalus.
    • Diseases of the neck muscles (myositis, myogelosis) or their overstrain during such professional activities, when you have to tilt your head for a long time or often turn your neck. This may include situations of overwork or stress, which led to the fact that a person was sleeping in a position with an unnaturally turned neck.
    • The pathology of vascular tone regulation is vegetative-vascular or neurocirculatory dystonia, when vessels passing in the neck are spasmodic.
    • Pathologies of the vessels that feed the occipital lobes of the brain, its trunk and soft tissues of the neck and occipital region of the head:
      • developmental abnormalities;
      • blockage by thrombotic masses;
      • diameter reduction due to overgrowth of lipid deposits during atherosclerosis;
      • a change in the vascular wall in diabetes mellitus, long-existing arterial hypertension;
      • squeezing of vessels with scalene muscles of the neck.
    • Physical and mental stress leading to the appearance of a pathology called “tension headache”.
    • Migraine – pathological regulation of vascular tone of the cranial cavity, leading to migraine – with or without an aura.
    • Arthrosis, arthritis – diseases of the temporomandibular joints arising due to malocclusion, bruxism.
    • Impaired hormonal regulation of vascular tone of the head. This occurs in sharply grown adolescents, pregnant women and women during menopause.
    • Wrong posture.
    • A sharp change in the climate of residence to the opposite of the usual.
    • Calcification of ligaments that fix the cervical spine.
    • Constant tension of the nape of the skin by pulling the hair into a tail or braid, leading to irritation of the occipital nerve.
    • increase in blood pressure;
    • occipital nerve neuralgia;
    • hormonal changes during pregnancy, menopause, as well as in adolescents.

    Severe pain is characteristic for:

    • increase in intracranial pressure;
    • spasm of arterial vessels;
    • cervical spondylosis;
    • occipital nerve neuralgia;

    If the pain is described as sharp, most likely, examination will reveal either complicated cervical osteochondrosis, or cervical myogelosis, or occipital nerve neuralgia, or cervical migraine.

    NameCauses
    strong
    • malignant processes;
    • infectious lesion;
    • hypertensive crisis;
    • impaired cerebral circulation;
    • intoxication of the body.
    Throbbing
    • tissue blood supply is impaired;
    • hypertensive crisis;
    • migraine;
    • violation of sleep hygiene (rest on a hard pillow);
    • excessive use of coffee.
    Shooting
    • osteochondrosis;
    • myositis;
    • spondylosis;
    • myogelosis;
    • hypertonic disease;
    • diseases of the musculoskeletal system.
    Sharp
    • hypertensive crisis;
    • a malignant tumor in the brain;
    • stroke;
    • osteochondrosis in advanced stages;
    • myositis.
    Crushing
    • hypertonic disease;
    • weather;
    • prolonged stay in an uncomfortable position.
    Aching
    • strong mental stress;
    • physical overstrain;
    • overwork.
    Constant
    • cervical osteochondrosis;
    • spondylosis;
    • chronic malfunctions of the circulatory system;
    • overwork;
    • constant stress;
    • wrong sleep.
    Chronic, with exacerbation when cornering, tilting the head
    • diseases or abnormal changes in the brain;
    • scalene syndrome;
    • pathology of internal organs;
    • proliferation of osteophytes;
    • muscle tension
    • high pressure;
    • neuralgia.
    Accompanied by nausea
    • Nerve overstrain;
    • increased physical activity;
    • sleep disturbance;
    • prolonged exposure to the sun or hot water;
    • dyspeptic disorders.
    With concomitant dizziness
    • cervical osteochondrosis; uprazhneniya dlya poyasnitsy pri bolyah 2 - More than 30 causes of a headache in the back of the head, what can be and what to do
    • high blood pressure;
    • cervical myogelosis;
    • overwork;
    • intoxication of the body;
    • lack of sleep.

    If you experience any pain in the occipital part of the head, you need to contact a therapist. To correct the examination and treatment, you will need additional consultation with other specialists (neurologist, orthopedist, vertebrologist, cardiologist, oncologist, neurosurgeon).

    Disorders causing pain in the nape of the head

    They form a bed for the occipital lobe of the brain, which is responsible for processing information coming from the eyes (it is in the brain that an image is formed). The brain itself does not hurt, but with inflammation or a tumor in this area, the membrane of the brain will respond to an increase in intracranial volume. With such pathologies, symptoms from the side of vision are also observed.

    • In the depths of the brain lies the warolium brain bridge

    This is a formation of white matter interspersed with gray. It has not fused with the occipital lobe, but is the second conditional extension of the spinal cord into the cranial cavity (the first extension that directly passes into the spinal structures is the medulla oblongata). Cranial nerves, carrying commands to the face (trigeminal, facial and abducent), as well as the nerve that carries information from the vestibular apparatus and inner ear, leave the Varolyev bridge. With the pathology of this area, a headache in the back will be noted, and hearing impairment simultaneously with balance.

    The cerebellum, the organ responsible for balance, muscle tone and coordination of movements, does not move down from the Varoliev bridge, but to the side, under the hemisphere of the brain. It consists of two hemispheres and a small section in the middle – the cerebellar worm. With inflammation or a tumor in this area, the head will hurt behind, and there will be a violation of coordination and muscle tone.

    • Varoliev br >b068e0236ef882eaa47188882ef2f432 - More than 30 causes of a headache in the back of the head, what can be and what to do

    Here are the starting points of the four cranial nerves, which carry commands to the muscles of the pharynx, mouth and neck, which coordinate the work of the heart, bronchi, lungs and intestines. The main pathway is also located on the surface of the medulla oblongata, along which cerebrospinal fluid – a fluid that supports metabolic and nutritional processes between all parts of the brain and blood – passes from the cranial cavity to the spinal canal of the spine.

    • The medulla oblongata passes into the spinal cord, and spinal nerves depart from the latter

    This brain leaves the cranial cavity through a circular opening. Next to it are all the cranial nerves formed in the region of the bridge and above. There are also vessels: arteries that bring blood to the occipital lobe of the brain and its trunk (this includes the bridge, cerebellum, midbrain), veins and lymph vessels. If these structures are compressed externally or externally (by bones, soft tissues, tumors), then the head also begins to hurt behind, in the back of the head.

    It is located inside a special canal in the spine, its shells are located around it (the same ones surround the brain), cerebrospinal fluid circulates between them. Squeezing the spinal cord or nerves extending from it can cause pain in the occipital region and cervical region. Basically, a symptom accompanies an infringement or inflammation of the occipital nerve, which, formed from the fibers of several pairs of spinal nerves, provides skin sensitivity from the back of the head to the area behind the ears.

    • The neck contains a large amount of muscle

    They can become inflamed and restrained by the bone structures of the spine. It is also accompanied by a headache.

    The spine is held in position by a ligamentous apparatus. It is especially developed in the cervical region, where the first two vertebrae are connected to each other and to the occipital bone by an extremely unstable joint.

    • The head and neck are covered with soft tissues: skin and subcutaneous tissue. It can also develop inflammation, and this will cause pain.

    Consider the most common diseases.

    f34479913042ea2f0133b928d941da22 - More than 30 causes of a headache in the back of the head, what can be and what to do

    This is the most common cause of this symptom. It can be suspected by the following signs:

    • the neck and temples mostly hurt, the neck does not hurt;
    • a little sick
    • pressure on the vertebrae of the neck is not painful;
    • there may be “flies before the eyes”;
    • a feeling of heat in the face (while it often turns red);
    • left chest pain.

    First of all, it is worth thinking about increasing blood pressure:

    • if a person is over 45 years old,
    • or if it’s full,
    • likes to drink alcohol
    • in cases when he suffers from diseases of the kidneys, heart, diabetes,
    • swelling on the face or legs
    • if the nature of urination or the type (color, smell) of urine has changed,
    • a heart attack or stroke was suffered.

    This is the second most common cause of backache in the back of the head. It is characterized by a violation of the normal nutrition of the disk between the vertebrae, as a result, it is erased, its central absorbing part is displaced and can flow into the spinal canal. In place of the thinned disk, in order to compensate for the decrease in the volume of this “layer”, bone “spikes” grow.

    Cervical osteochondrosis is a common cause of conditions such as cervical migraine and vertebro-basilar syndrome.

    NameDescription
    Cervical osteochondrosisPathological processes change the structure of the intervertebral discs, which provokes pain in the nape of the head. Concomitant symptoms are nausea, dizziness, hearing loss and coordination. In some situations, migraine occurs, which is accompanied by a sharp headache. It appears in the nape of the neck and extends to the whiskey, the superciliary.
    Fluctuations in arterial and intracranial pressureHypertension is accompanied by frequent headaches and throbbing pains in the back of the head. A person complains of a rapid heartbeat, general weakness, dizziness, and sudden nausea.
    MyogelozThe disease is characterized by the formation of painful seals in the neck. Dizziness and a sharp pain in the back of the head appear.
    NeuralgiaAttacks of severe pain occur at the time of any movement of the head. When sneezing or coughing, it intensifies. Many patients talk about “shooting” pain, which gives to the neck, back, ears.
    Cervical myositisIn the cervical spine, the inflammatory process affects the muscles. Sore neck and occipital part of the head.
    Malocclusion of biteThere is dull pain in the back of the head, which extends to the ear, parotid and parietal region. In the afternoon, weak attacks are worrying, they intensify in the evening.
    InjuriesThe integrity of the skin is violated, blood pressure rises, intracranial hemorrhage occurs. All these injuries are accompanied by pain in the occipital region of the head.
    Skull Bone TumorsOncology is often accompanied by systematic or persistent headaches in the occipital part. Even a small tumor can release harmful substances that interfere with the functioning of the brain. High probability of its rapid growth and the formation of metastases.
    Pain stressAttacks are more often manifested on the left side, since there are more nerve endings in this zone. Metabolic processes are disturbed against the background of muscle fiber spasms. The main reason is stress, physical or mental stress. Occipital pains of a pressing nature appear.
    Infectious diseasesPathological processes provoke inflammation, against which a person is disturbed by severe pain in the neck. The condition is explained by an increase in the volume of cerebrospinal fluid, a violation of its outflow, and the negative effect of infectious pathogens on the patient’s body.
    Paget’s DiseasePathology is characterized by structural changes in bone tissue. Pain in the back of the head occurs due to compression of the nerve endings. In some situations, hearing and vision problems occur.
    Venous congestionThe pathological condition occurs against the background of compression of the vessels by the tumor. Heart failure disrupts the blood circulation, which provokes an increase in blood pressure.
    AneurysmInjury or infection leads to protrusion of the artery, against the background of which there is a severe headache in the neck. In such a situation, there is a high risk of hemorrhage. bolit pod kolenom szadi i tyanet 5 - More than 30 causes of a headache in the back of the head, what can be and what to do
    Multiple sclerosisConductivity of nerve impulses is impaired due to the destruction of the myelin sheath of nerve cells. The pathological condition is characterized by the appearance of uncontrolled muscle cramps and pain.
    Muscle stiffnessMuscle tissue contracts if a person is in one position for a long time. The breakdown of lactic acid leads to compression of blood vessels and nerve fibers, against the background of which there is a strong occipital pain.
    AtherosclerosisAtherosclerotic plaques clog vessels, blood circulation is disturbed. The brain receives less oxygen. Pain in the occipital region occurs in the late stages of the pathological condition. Atherosclerosis is accompanied by indifference to the world and weakness in the body. Fatigue occurs, blood pressure rises.
    SpondylitisThe inflammatory process destroys the vertebrae, the nerve endings of the spinal cord are compressed. Spondylitis provokes infectious diseases or inflammation of the connective tissue. As the pathological processes progress, spinal deformity is observed, growths form.

    A physician will help to make an accurate diagnosis and determine the underlying disease. It is important to consult a specialist in a timely manner to undergo a full examination and begin treatment.

    • traumatic brain injury, damage to the soft and bone tissues of the head;
    • changes in climatic and weather conditions;
    • constant and severe stressful conditions;
    • mental disorders;
    • fluctuations in blood pressure;
    • inflammatory process in the occipital nerve;
    • malignant or benign neoplasms;
    • acute cerebrovascular accident;
    • taking or refusing drugs;
    • infectious diseases;
    • abnormalities of the vessels of the brain and neck;
    • atherosclerosis of blood vessels;
    • inflammation of the muscles of the neck.

    To identify and eliminate the causes of headaches, a person should seek the help of medical professionals.

    Which doctor to contact

    Pain that worries the patient for a long time in any area of ​​the head (occipital, frontal, etc.) is recommended to be recorded in a diary in which you can mark the days, duration and nature of the pain, as well as related symptoms. Data from the diary will help the doctor better get acquainted with the picture of the disease and prescribe the most effective treatment.

    Initial treatment for hypertension can be done either by a treating physician or a neurologist (if the pain is regular and is not accompanied by other non-specific symptoms).

    Depending on the clinical picture, consultation may be required:

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    Diagnostics

    The main methods for studying the causes of GB:

    • initial inspection and testing (as a rule, performing simple exercises);
    • radiography of the cervical spine;
    • Ultrasound of the vessels of the neck and head;
    • Blood chemistry;
    • MRI of the brain and cervical spine;
    • REG, EEG, Echo-EG – for the presence of neoplasms;
    • spinal puncture.

    328 - More than 30 causes of a headache in the back of the head, what can be and what to do

    Pain specialist, resuscitation anesthetist, head of the Pain Clinic, PhD

Tatyana Jakowenko

Editor-in-chief of the Detonic online magazine, cardiologist Yakovenko-Plahotnaya Tatyana. Author of more than 950 scientific articles, including in foreign medical journals. He has been working as a cardiologist in a clinical hospital for over 12 years. He owns modern methods of diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases and implements them in his professional activities. For example, it uses methods of resuscitation of the heart, decoding of ECG, functional tests, cyclic ergometry and knows echocardiography very well.

For 10 years, she has been an active participant in numerous medical symposia and workshops for doctors - families, therapists and cardiologists. He has many publications on a healthy lifestyle, diagnosis and treatment of heart and vascular diseases.

He regularly monitors new publications of European and American cardiology journals, writes scientific articles, prepares reports at scientific conferences and participates in European cardiology congresses.

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