The place of localization of thrombosis can be veins, arteries, capillaries. A blood clot is a dense blood clot that has formed in the cavity of the heart or in the lumen of a blood vessel. Thrombosis formed during evolution, as a protective mechanism that prevents a person from dying from blood loss as a result of spontaneous trauma.
Factors that increase the likelihood of blood clots:
Increased blood coagulation, thick blood;
The use of hormonal drugs;
Long stay in a static pose;
Injuries with vascular damage;
Diseases of blood vessels, blood forming organs.
At the first stage of the pathology, a small blood clot forms on the wall of the blood vessel. Over time, it increases, clogs the lumen of the vessel – such a dangerous disease as secondary thrombosis forms. If for some reason a blood clot comes off the wall of a vein or artery, it enters the pulmonary artery with a blood stream, causing an embolism of the pulmonary vessels. This condition in most cases ends in death.
A change in the structure of blood proteins (thrombophilia), a violation of the integrity of blood vessels due to mechanical damage, varicose veins, the consequences of atherosclerosis – all these conditions can become a trigger for the formation of thrombosis.
Prevention of thrombosis may include the use of traditional medicine. For example, cranberries are often used to thin the blood. The fruits of the plant must be mixed with honey. Such a medicine is recommended to be taken twice a day in two teaspoons.
Mint infusion will have a positive effect on the state of health. It is simple to cook – pour the crushed leaves of the plant into a glass or cup, pour cool boiling water, cover the container with a lid and let it brew. Strain the infusion. Take about half a glass of sutra. The course of treatment is 2-3 months, after which it is recommended to take a break.
In any case, you can not take any medicine, even if it is decoctions of plants, without first consulting a doctor.
Proteins are the constituent elements of a blood clot, and the main function is to stop bleeding, but with the slightest failure it can pose a threat to human life.
Prevention of blood clots in vessels with folk remedies must be carried out after consultation with a specialist, which will avoid the development of unpleasant consequences. A common cause of blood clot formation is:
- increased blood viscosity as a result of past pathologies and taking certain medications;
- change in the structure of blood vessels with mechanical injuries and various inflammations;
- problems with the movement of blood arising from squeezing arteries and veins.
A blood clot can be localized in one place, create obstacles to blood flow and disrupt the blood supply process. Sometimes a clot can increase and limit the path to tissues and organs. With its separation and the closure of blood vessels, a person dies. It is necessary to carry out measures to strengthen the vessels, thanks to which it is possible to avoid the development of pathology.
The mechanism of thrombus formation is as follows: when vessels are damaged, substances are released from their walls that inhibit blood coagulation. At the same time, platelets actively decompose, and they mutate.
Procoagulants, which are responsible for normal coagulability, enter the human blood. Such substances affect the protein, which is responsible for the sedimentation rate of red blood cells, and is converted to fibrin, which forms the basis of the clot. Subsequently, there is an accumulation of blood cells, compaction of a blood clot and elimination of blood leakage.
Medical practice shows that mainly the arterial vessels of the brain become the place of localization of blood clots. The causes of this pathological process can be atherosclerotic plaques, spasmodic state of vessels and the presence of aneurysm in a person. The clinical picture of cerebral artery thrombosis resembles the symptoms of a stroke:
- violation of mental processes;
- pain in the head;
- decreased sensitivity in certain parts of the body.
When penetrating into the vessels of the brain of detached clots of another location, embolism may develop.
Symptoms of this pathological condition are mainly associated with necrosis of the nervous tissue, and damage to valvular valves of the heart becomes a common cause of its development.
The cause of thrombosis is various septic conditions, which are accompanied by the formation of foci of pus in the skull or beyond.
The characteristic signs of cerebral vascular thrombosis are severe headache, nausea, vomiting, fever, paralysis and impaired functioning of the cranial nerves.
An important place in the life of any person should be taken by the prevention of blood clots in the vessels, which consists in maintaining a healthy lifestyle, good nutrition and taking medications if necessary.
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- Vessels of the legs
- Pulmonary vessels
- Intestinal thrombosis
- Triad of Virchow
- Characteristics of blood clots and the reasons for their appearance
- Preventive measures
- Diet and diet
- Folk remedies
- Blood clots in the vessels – causes and prevention
- Symptoms of pathology
- Venous thrombosis
- Arterial Thrombosis
- Postoperative thrombosis. Prevention
- Preventive measures
- Intestinal thrombosis
- Portal thrombosis
- Special diet to prevent thrombosis
- How does thrombosis occur?
- Taking aspirin to prevent thrombosis
Vessels of the legs
Leg vein thrombosis is an acute disease in which a blood clot forms in the venous lumen. The consequence of this is a violation or complete cessation of blood flow, therefore, it is necessary to conduct vascular cleansing and prevention of thrombosis.
Most often, signs of pathology appear unexpectedly, but they are expressed rather weakly. A person complains of pain in the legs, which intensifies with any physical exertion.
There are some signs, upon the appearance of which a specialist may suspect the presence of deep phlebothrombosis in a person. The back flexion of the feet is accompanied by increased pain, and pulling uncomfortable sensations arise on the inner surface of the thigh and foot.
After some time, the appearance of edema of the affected limb is observed and there is a feeling of bursting and heaviness in the leg. Below the site of thrombosis, blanching of the skin is noted, and it can become bluish in color. A few days after thrombosis, clearly visible dilated superficial superficial veins appear under the epidermis.
The main cause of thrombosis in the vessels of the lungs is embolism of the veins of the lower extremities. Overlapping the movement of blood at the level of the pulmonary trunk leads to death of a person if a blood clot is not removed in a timely manner. Unfortunately, in most cases, the patient does not have time to provide medical care on time, since the pathology develops suddenly.
The main signs of pulmonary thrombosis are paroxysmal pain in the sternum, shortness of breath, and heart problems.
With incomplete overlap of the lumen of the artery, chronic cardiac ischemia occurs, that is, angina pectoris. It is accompanied by shortness of breath and pain in the organ, and with a complete closure of the lumen of the vessel, a person develops a heart attack
The characteristic manifestations of myocardial infarction are considered severe pain in the heart, feelings of fear and problems with heart rhythm.
With intestinal thrombosis, the patient unexpectedly
In addition, the abdomen becomes swollen and soft, and there is no peristalsis and tension of the peritoneal wall.
Over time, vomiting occurs, and drops of blood may be present in the contents. There are signs of acute intestinal obstruction, the patient’s condition worsens and a collapse occurs.
An important symptom of such a pathology is the increase in pressure as a result of blockage of the mesenteric vessels.
The following methods are used for treatment:
- surgical intervention, i.e. mechanical removal or bypass surgery;
- therapeutic treatment involves the intravenous administration of drugs to prevent thrombosis.
With the free movement of the thrombus in the venous lumen, its ligation is performed and a cava filter is introduced. With complete blockage of the vessel, the destruction of a blood clot is necessary, and this manipulation can be performed by medication or by surgery.
In case of damage to blood vessels, dense clots (blood clots) prevent dangerous blood loss. They are formed mainly from platelets and fibrin, but depending on the type of blood clot, white blood cells and red blood cells may be present in it.
Thrombosis begins with platelet adhesion. This means that platelets begin to adhere to the inner surface of the vessel at the site of its damage. Then begins the process of agglutination, that is, gluing individual platelets into a dense clot. Thus, the protective process of blood coagulation is started.
Thrombosis is considered one of the leading causes of ischemic stroke and myocardial infarction. The formation of a thrombus may result in the development of gangrene, and its detachment causes pulmonary embolism. Various situations can provoke the appearance of blood clots, for example, childbirth, surgery, trauma and the usual SARS.
Complications after such a pathology can not only make a person disabled, but also cause his death. For this reason, the prevention of thrombosis and vascular diseases, as well as the strengthening of blood vessels, should occupy an important place in the life of every person.
Proteins are the constituent elements of a blood clot, and the main function is to stop bleeding, but with the slightest failure it can pose a threat to human life.
- increased blood viscosity as a result of past pathologies and taking certain medications,
- change in the structure of blood vessels with mechanical injuries and various inflammations,
- problems with the movement of blood arising from squeezing arteries and veins.
- surgical intervention, i.e. mechanical removal or bypass surgery,
- therapeutic treatment involves the intravenous administration of drugs to prevent thrombosis.
Triad of Virchow
Back in the twentieth century, the famous German physician R. Virchow noticed a certain pathology, which was later given the name “Triad of Virchow.” He found that 3 factors influence the formation of a thrombus in the venous lumen:
- change in speed (slowdown) of blood flow;
- increased coagulation (thickening) of blood;
- violation of the integrity of the internal endothelium of the vascular walls.
Factors causing thrombosis can occur for various reasons. Sometimes these are genetic defects or autoimmune diseases. Sometimes – injuries, infections, surgical procedures, blood stasis and so on.
Characteristics of blood clots and the reasons for their appearance
A blood clot is a pathological blood clot. It can be located in the lumen of a blood vessel or cavity of the heart. It is formed from proteins, mainly from fibrin. A blood clot can be either parietal or obstructive; in the latter case, the vessel lumen is completely closed. Clogging blood clots are most often formed in small vessels. Parietal thrombi are mainly diagnosed in the cavity of the heart, lower limbs and large veins.
Pathological clots begin to form due to blood clotting disorders. In addition, for the formation of a blood clot, it is necessary that the vessel wall has some kind of deformation from the inside or an atherosclerotic plaque is present on it. In the initial stages, this pathology may not manifest itself in any way, since the primary thrombus consists only of fibrin strands, which gradually thicken and become larger.
The causes of blood clots are various, but there are 3 most important ones:
- damage or pathology of the vessel wall, which can be caused by inflammatory processes, mechanical injuries, toxins, viruses, pathogenic bacteria;
- disorders in blood coagulability, which is accompanied by activation of coagulants and provoking platelet aggregation, their joining to each other. This process is most often associated with congenital abnormalities in the circulatory system;
- slow circulation is the process that most often occurs due to varicose veins, arterial pressure, and increased blood density.
Thrombi of a cause of a different nature also cause. They can form due to obliterating atherosclerosis. As a rule, it is accompanied by constant deposition of lipids and cholesterol in the inner shells of the arteries. Such accumulations gradually begin to be replaced by connective tissue, which causes the appearance of a plaque.
It is perceived by the body as a foreign body, which you need to get rid of. Therefore, fibrin clots begin to actively form on its surface and platelets precipitate. As a result of this process, a blood clot appears. At first, it has a fairly soft structure, but it condenses over time, and then the body gets rid of it, as a result of which a pathological blood clot breaks off.
Thrombi often form due to prolonged use of oral contraceptives and several other hormonal drugs. They create ideal conditions for the formation of pathological blood clots. Blood clots also form due to frequent stresses. They lead to a powerful release of a huge amount of adrenaline. Together with it, components that lead to increased blood coagulation get into the blood.
Unfortunately, quite often pregnant women become victims of thrombosis. Such statistics are associated with hormonal changes in the body, an additional burden on the cardiovascular system, weight gain, and some other factors.
Drug prophylaxis of thrombosis is possible only with the appropriate indications, and it is carried out with extreme caution. First of all, pregnant women are recommended to change their lifestyle, make the right diet, wear compression stockings, take walks in the fresh air and, of course, monitor any changes in health.
Since blood clots pose a serious threat to human life, the question becomes how to prevent their appearance. First, you need to deal with physical inactivity. Move more, exercise regularly, run, do your favorite sport, such as swimming or aerobics. Exercise improves blood circulation and strengthens blood vessels.
Even if there is no time for sports, you can always walk to the house, take a walk in the park in the evening, or simply refuse the elevator. Those who engage in sedentary work should avoid prolonged sitting in the same position. Take short breaks during which you can perform several exercises for the arms and legs. You can just take a walk to warm up well.
Secondly, it is important to adhere to proper nutrition. You need to create a diet in such a way that the liver works for your health and produces substances that prevent blood clotting. To help her with this, she will have to abandon very fatty foods, reduce the use of fried foods and food with preservatives.
You should also know how to prevent blood clots with blood thinning products. You need to eat more boiled beets, eat garlic and tomatoes. Try to eat fish, linseed and olive oil, lemons, seeds, dark chocolate, raspberries and blueberries, ginger, oatmeal more often. It is important to monitor how much you drink fluids. At least 1.5 liters of water should be consumed per day, but remember that juices, tea and coffee do not apply to this.
Thirdly, give up bad habits. Say goodbye forever to cigarettes and alcoholic beverages, the latter is permissible to use only in the dosages that were announced above.
Fourth, avoid stress, anxiety and nervous breakdowns. Of course, every person is subject to them, but it is worth being more calm so as not to harm your health. Fifth, try to spend more time in the sun: Vitamin D is an excellent prophylactic for thrombosis.
It is impossible to eliminate genetically predetermined thrombogenesis or atherogenesis, therefore, the following recommendations are the basis of prevention:
- active life position (you need to do sports and physical education);
- mandatory and unconditional smoking cessation;
- blood sugar control with diet and treatment selection at the first signs of endocrine pathology;
- compliance with the principles of a balanced and balanced diet;
- fight against excess body weight;
- blood pressure control with the timely start of continuous therapy of hypertension;
- taking any medication only as directed by a doctor;
- full treatment of infectious diseases;
- following the advice of a doctor in preparation for any surgical intervention;
- wearing compression hosiery for varicose veins of the legs;
- regular preventive visits to the doctor.
The presence of congenital changes in the blood coagulation system against the background of existing risk factors will become the main cause of blockage of arteries or veins anywhere in the body. Knowing what thrombosis is and how the disease manifests, everything possible can be done to prevent deadly situations associated with occlusion of the coronary and main arteries.
Prevention of thrombosis and vascular diseases includes the normalization of lifestyle, rejection of bad habits, maintaining optimal weight. If necessary, medications are prescribed. The goal of prevention is to reduce mortality from heart attacks, strokes, pulmonary embolism.
Drug prophylaxis of thrombosis is indicated for people with an increased risk of developing this condition. It includes taking medications inside and out. A doctor will tell you how to avoid blood clots using drugs. Usually assigned:
- Aspirin The simplest drug that promotes blood thinning and prevents blood clots. It is best to use a special cardiological aspirin – CardiAsk, AspirinCardio, TromboAss. They are available in the required dosage;
- Venotonic. Preparations for strengthening blood vessels, improving blood properties, eliminating edema. These include – Phlebodia, Detralex, Venarus, Phlebof. These medicines are taken in a 2-4 week course;
Medicines for the prevention of thrombosis of the lower extremities
- Antiplatelet agents – Curantyl, Clopidogrel. Assigned by a doctor with severe manifestations of atherosclerosis, a significant increase in cholesterol;
- Statins – Atorvastatin, Rosuvastatin. Also recommended by a doctor to normalize cholesterol;
- Heparin ointment, Lyoton, Trombless. All of these topical products contain the anticoagulant heparin. This substance promotes blood thinning. They are used to eliminate the severity and swelling of the legs.
It is recommended to take prophylactic use of blood-thinning drugs in courses, or constantly – this is determined by the doctor taking into account the condition of the coagulation system.
Diet and diet
Proper nutrition is one of the most effective ways to prevent vascular thrombosis. Blood clots form on the basis of cholesterol plaques. And those, in turn, appear due to unhealthy diets.
A preventive diet is aimed at normalizing the amount of fat in the diet, reducing overweight, and strengthening the vascular wall.
Useful products that prevent blood clots are:
- Low-fat meats and fish;
- Vegetable oil;
- Low fat dairy products
- Dairy products;
- Cereals and pasta;
- Cereal bread;
- Vegetables, fruits, nuts;
- Green tea, cocoa, fruit drinks, freshly squeezed juices.
Limiting the use of the following foods will be helpful in preventing thrombosis:
- Fatty meats and fish;
- Cheese, dairy products with high fat content;
- Butter, margarine;
- Smoked meats, meat and fish delicacies;
- Fast food;
- Black tea, coffee, alcohol.
Products that should not be taken with thrombosis
You should adhere to a fractional diet – take a little food, 5-6 times a day. The diet must be enriched with vitamins that improve the condition of the blood. The intake of vitamins is shown:
- Vitamin C. Improves metabolism, stimulates the immune system, strengthens the vascular wall. Contained in citrus fruits, gooseberries, black and red currants, herbs;
- Vitamin E. Improves the metabolism of fats, increases the regenerative abilities of cells. Contained in sea fish, cereals, herbs, legumes, vegetables, nuts;
- Vitamin A. Normalizes metabolism, prevents the formation of blood clots. It can be obtained from herbs, vegetables, berries and fruits;
- Vitamin P, or rutin. Strengthens the vascular wall, reduces its permeability. Obtained from herbs, fruits, cereals and nuts.
To maintain normal blood viscosity, so that there are no blood clots, it is necessary to observe a drinking regimen. A person needs to drink at least 1,5 liters of pure water per day. This does not include broths, tea, cocoa. The daily volume of fluid should be divided into 5-6 receptions.
Strengthening blood vessels contributes to an active lifestyle. Regular physical activity trains the muscles of the legs, which ensures a good outflow of blood. The absence of venous stasis is the main prevention of blood clots. Exercise in the fresh air allows you to saturate the body with oxygen. Physical activity allows you to lose weight.
Of great importance is the rejection of bad habits. Nicotine and alcohol cause spasms of blood vessels, which complicates blood flow and is a risk factor for blood clots. A measure of thrombosis prophylaxis is the elimination of alcohol and tobacco use.
Proper lifestyle and nutrition for thrombosis
To prevent the formation of blood clots in the vessels can recipes of alternative medicine. Herbal preparations strengthen blood vessels, improve blood properties:
- To normalize cholesterol, it is recommended to eat a clove of garlic daily;
- Cranberries with honey. Wash 100 grams of berries, pour 100 grams of honey. Mix thoroughly, fold in a glass container. Take 2 teaspoons before bedtime.
- Decoction of rowan bark. Collect bark, rinse and chop. Dry, pour 100 grams of bark with a liter of water, bring to a boil. Let it brew, take 50 ml before meals.
The use of traditional medicine recipes should be agreed with the doctor.
A person with an existing disease, for the prevention of deep vein thrombosis of the lower extremities, will need some limitations of a familiar lifestyle:
- Make daily walks for at least 60 minutes;
- Strengthen the immune system;
- To refuse from bad habits;
- Women refuse to wear high-heeled shoes;
- Apply compression knitwear;
- Avoid sudden temperature changes;
- Take a contrast shower daily;
- Avoid air travel whenever possible.
Compliance with these measures will help to avoid many complications associated with thrombosis.
On the 5th place are animal fats, meat and smoked meat delicacies that create difficulties for the liver.
In 4th place, extracts, coffee, chocolate, exciting the sympathetic-adrenal system, which provokes thrombosis.
In 3rd place are apples, cabbage and legumes, which provoke gas formation and impaired blood outflow from the vessels of the legs.
In second place are foods high in vitamin K (lettuce, spinach, beef liver), which contribute to hypercoagulation and a decrease in blood coagulation time.
On the 1st place among the prohibited products is any type of alcohol, the use of which violates the synthesis of protein by the liver, stimulates dehydration, fatal with an increased risk of thrombosis.
Blood clots in the vessels – causes and prevention
There are people who are more prone to blood clots. It is for such categories of the population that the prevention of thrombosis is extremely important. So who is at risk?
- Men over 40 years old.
- Menopausal women.
- People suffering from obesity.
- Patients suffering from diseases of the cardiovascular system, including stroke, heart attack, varicose veins, thrombophlebitis.
- Risk factors include hemorrhoids.
- Thrombosis often develops after surgery.
- Improper nutrition in a certain condition is also a risk factor.
- This also includes patients suffering from various diseases that are accompanied by thickening of the blood.
- Smokers and alcohol abusers.
- Leading a sedentary lifestyle.
- Oncological patients.
- People subject to constant stress, which affect the hormonal background.
Prevention of venous thrombosis includes proper nutrition. The diet in this case is quite simple and meets the basic norms of proper nutrition. It is necessary to sharply limit the amount of salt, smoked meats, fatty and fried foods, pickles, sausages, etc. Replace them with vegetable and fruit dishes, low-fat fish and meat.
You need to eat berries – blueberries, strawberries, raspberries, cherries, cherries, cranberries. Also useful will be oatmeal, rice broth, olive and linseed oil, lemons and other citrus fruits, ginger.
It is also very important to drink enough water. In this case, it is about water, not liquids. Doctors recommend drinking 1,5-2 liters of pure still water (coffee, tea are not taken into account).
Of course, blood clots are a serious pathology, so it is important to know who is more likely to develop it. At risk are men whose age has exceeded 40 years. The fact is that during this period the blood composition is updated less frequently, and coagulation becomes worse. In women, the likelihood of such a pathology is higher when their age passes the mark of 50 years.
Blood clots form in vessels 10 times more often in people suffering from excessive body weight. After all, those who are obese have an elevated level of cholesterol, and it is he who provokes the formation of atherosclerotic plaques. In addition, this problem occurs among lovers of fried and fatty foods. There is a high risk of developing this pathology in people with a disturbed diet, for example, those who eat irregularly or exhaust themselves with rigid diets.
Alcohol is another factor causing blood clots. There is an opinion that alcohol thins the blood, and there is some truth to this. Scientists concluded that drinking 100 ml of wine or 20 ml of vodka per day reduces the risk of blood clots. However, alcohol in large quantities, on the contrary, increases the likelihood of developing blood pathology and promotes clotting of blood clots, which increases the risk of death.
A blood clot forms more often in people who lead a sedentary lifestyle. Reduced physical activity leads to a thickening of the blood and increases the risk of vascular damage. A high probability of the formation of a similar pathology in pregnant women. During gestation, the blood coagulates more strongly, since the uterus, due to intensive growth, leads to a disruption in normal blood flow. In the risk group are women who have recently had a baby, since in the process of childbirth vessels are often damaged.
Often blood clots form in smokers. Everything is very simple here: nicotine leads to a narrowing of blood vessels, which causes problems with blood flow and increases the likelihood of plaque formation. At risk and patients with oncology, people who have undergone abdominal surgery and have diseases associated with inflammation.
The thing is that our body is able to independently deal with many problems: nature has provided for many protective mechanisms that automatically start when there is a particular threat to life and health. Among these mechanisms is the bonding of platelets near the walls of damaged vessels. This measure is necessary to protect the body from blood loss.
Let me give you a simple example: if a skin cut occurs, and with it a cut of skin vessels, respectively, then numerous platelets rush to the cut site. Platelets stick together in a thick mass, the resulting blood “coagulates”, bleeding stops and the wound gradually heals. This behavior of the body is completely normal.
If platelets do not fulfill this protective function (for example, if their number is reduced, in other words, blood is too thin), then there is a great risk of blood loss, difficulties in healing even the smallest household wounds and abrasions, and more serious injuries can become a real life threat. Let us recall the hereditary disease of Tsarevich Alexei – hemophilia, which consists in poor blood coagulation. This is a very serious disease, due to which every scratch is a danger to life.
But sometimes platelet gluing, conceived by nature as a protective property of the body, becomes pathological. Due to a combination of factors, blood thickens excessively, blood vessels weaken and lose elasticity, and therefore are easily injured, hence the risk of blood clots.
● thick blood is the main reason for the high risk of blood clots
● fragile vessels (that is, if their elasticity is reduced)
● increased cholesterol and plaque in the vessels
● existing damage to the vessels of the internal organs, for example, after surgery
What happens if these causal factors have a place to be?
A fragile vessel inside has a damaged, eroded surface, platelets rush to the site of injury and adhere to heal the damaged vessel. A clot forms. This is still not a blood clot, but only the risk of its further formation.
The same situation is observed with postoperative vascular damage.
The same process occurs with existing plaques in the vessels, where platelets react to cholesterol accumulations and, for this reason, form clots.
A blood clot forms if the clot does not “dissolve”, stands still, is not washed away by the blood stream (the thicker the blood, the less chance there is to “disperse” the clot).
Imagine that a blood clot formed in a large vessel. Then, with a stream of blood – he came off, went “for a walk” and ended up in a smaller (narrower) vessel – blocked, stuck in it. A broken blood clot can lead to a heart attack (if a blood clot blocks the blood vessels of the heart) or a stroke (if a blood clot forms and blocks the blood vessels of the brain), and, as you know, it is heart attack and stroke that are the most common cause of human death.
● excessive blood thickening due to external factors (for example, from hypothermia, during heat, etc.);
● previous stroke or heart attack;
● diseases of the liver, kidneys, endocrine disorders (including diabetes mellitus);
● unbalanced diet with an excess of animal fats, trans fats;
● overweight and obesity;
● pregnancy and menopause;
● smoking and alcohol abuse;
● insufficient intake of fluids, in particular pure water;
● immobility, sedentary work, or, conversely, prolonged stay on one’s legs during the working day;
Remember that our body is 80% water? This is blood, and lymph, and saliva, and urine, and gastric juice. If we do not drink enough liquid, while staying in the heat, doing sports (sweating), then we will inevitably lose water, blood becomes thicker, saliva becomes more viscous, and urine is concentrated.
When blood thickens, the filtering of toxins and the removal of metabolic products from the body worsen, blood supply to cells and organs is difficult, the risk of platelet adhesion and clot formation increases. The situation is aggravated by physical impact (squeezing veins and blood vessels with a long sitting position, with excess body weight), and stagnation (lack of mobility), the vessels do not have a “warm-up”. Fragile vessels are easily damaged, platelets rush to the sites of damage, again forming clots.
Ultrasound, dopplerography, angiography and special blood tests help identify the risk of blood clots and establish the causes of blood vessel problems. To patients from the risk zone, especially after strokes and heart attacks, doctors prescribe drugs that reduce blood viscosity – anticoagulants. Relapse prevention is vital here. Anticoagulants are also prescribed with an increase in blood viscosity in hot weather.
Herbal medicine for thinning the blood offers special herbs and collections of targeted action, and common sense tells you to use plenty of clean water in the heat.
On this link you can find out more about the composition and detailed description of the targeted collection of herbs No. 132 For blood thinning.
To avoid blood clots, many people drink drugs regularly, and in the heat they almost empty their medicine chest. Pharmaceuticals undoubtedly bring the expected effect, but such prophylaxis has a not very “pleasant” (read – “terrifying”) downside: the stomach, liver, and kidneys suffer.
Of course, there are natural remedies that have been used for centuries in folk medicine for the prevention of thrombosis. These are decoctions, infusions, teas and fruit drinks from berries and herbs that normalize the circulatory system. By the way, using these tasty and aromatic drinks, we automatically increase the amount of fluid we drink per day, which is another plus in favor of choosing natural natural remedies.
- traumatic damage to the wall of an artery or vein of any origin (external exposure, inflammatory process, action of an atherosclerotic plaque);
- slowing down the movement of blood;
- imbalance between the processes of thrombogenesis (blood coagulation) and fibrinolysis (clot resorption).
Article author: Volkov Dmitry Sergeevich | K.M. surgeon, phlebologist
Education: Moscow State University of Medicine and Dentistry (1996). In 2003, he received a diploma from the educational and scientific medical center for managing the affairs of the President of the Russian Federation.
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Symptoms of pathology
To prevent the development of the disease, the following prophylaxis of deep vein thrombosis must be observed:
- quit smoking
- do foot massage as much as possible on foot,
- avoid prolonged exposure to the body in water position
- walk up the stairs often.
Preparations for the prevention of thrombosis, that is, coagulants, are widely used to eliminate such a pathology and its prevention.
The main drug for the treatment of vein thrombosis in the leg area is Heparin, and its use allows you to achieve a quick result.
Medicines such as Warfarin and Enoxaparin are indicated for acute venous thrombosis and for complications after surgery.
Before use, specialist advice is required to avoid unpleasant consequences. The main drugs for the prevention of blood clots in blood vessels are Aspirin, Ascorutin and Phlebodia.
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Prevention of thrombosis with folk remedies involves the use of infusions and decoctions prepared on the basis of garlic, onions or ginger. In addition, it is recommended to consume as many foods as possible with vitamin E and those dishes that contribute to blood thinning.
An effective folk remedy is a mixture made from garlic and lemon. All products should be taken in equal amounts, chopped in a meat grinder and add the same amount of honey to the resulting mass. Such a folk remedy must be insisted for 7 days in a sealed container, stirring occasionally. Take the mixture should be 20 ml 1 time per day.
At home, you can prepare a tool based on walnut, which helps cleanse blood vessels of cholesterol plaques. To do this, grind the nuts in a blender and pour them with a small amount of linseed oil. This mixture is recommended to be taken 30 minutes before a meal of 10 ml several times a day.
Contraception means affect the tone of the veins, so when you take them you need to visit a phlebologist.
Prevention of thrombosis when taking contraceptives is to purchase compression underwear and taking special medications.
It is possible to protect the female body from the negative effects of contraceptives thanks to omega acids, so it is recommended to take dietary supplements with omega-3s to prevent blood clots.
When using contraceptives, it is recommended to take a dietary supplement such as Reytoil, 1 capsule 3 times a day during or after meals.
To clean vessels and prevent thrombosis, you can use the following methods:
- take decoctions from plants such as tansy, viburnum, rosehip, hawthorn and nettle,
- eat sprouted wheat and mashed viburnum with sugar,
- eat as many copper-containing foods as possible, that is, liver, spinach, sesame and rose hips,
- include foods with high levels of Omega 3 and 6 in your diet.
- add celery stalks to soups and salads, and ginger root to tea.
When a patient develops varicose veins, it is necessary to wear compression underwear, and with a high risk of thrombosis, drug prophylaxis should be carried out.
Prevention of thrombosis in the postoperative period is that you need to get out of bed and move around as early as possible.
- quit smoking;
- do foot massage walks as much as possible;
- avoid prolonged exposure to the body in an aqueous position;
- walk up the stairs often.
It is very important to monitor your health and pay attention to the slightest changes in your condition. Thrombosis in half of the patients does not manifest itself in any way, while others reveal a number of symptoms. The signs of thrombosis depend on where exactly the pathology is present. So, if it is localized in a deep vein, then a person can observe fever and chills. Often there is pain and blueing of the area where the thrombus is located.
If the pathological blood clot is localized in the superficial vein, it can be detected by touch – together with the thrombus there is a condensation, when touched, painful sensations occur. In addition, in the place of the presence of this pathology, edema and redness of the skin can be observed.
If a blood clot formed in the leg, then the patient may experience cramps in the calf muscle, which are often accompanied by severe pain. Along with this, swelling and swelling of the ankle can be observed, but in the morning the symptoms may disappear. In the future, that part of the leg where the thrombus was localized may acquire a brownish tint. The patient may notice a fever and a deterioration in overall well-being.
When a blood clot forms in the vessels of the brain, coordination disappears in a person, speech impairment occurs, and facial asymmetry occurs. The patient may experience difficulties in chewing and swallowing food, and paralysis of the limbs may occur.
There are frequent cases of the formation of such a pathology in the vessels of the intestine. In most cases, it does not manifest itself. Only at the last stage, the patient feels severe cramping in the abdomen, he appears vomiting and constipation.
When a blood clot is localized in the lungs, it is very difficult to diagnose it. This disease is extremely dangerous and insidious. Only after a blood clot has been separated, a person is diagnosed with thrombosis, but in 99,9% of cases it is not possible to save him, as the patient begins to suffocate, turn blue, and then stops breathing.
The symptoms of thrombosis are affected not only by the location in the body of a blood clot, but also by the degree of vascular overlap.
Damage to the thrombus of the iliac, femoral, popliteal veins (deep main vessels) leads to the occurrence of:
- pastiness of affected tissues,
- sensitivity disorder (numbness, tingling, “goosebumps”);
- pulling pains;
- trophic changes in the skin.
Portal vein thrombosis is characterized by:
- intense abdominal pain and bloating;
- black, tarry feces;
- bleeding from the anus;
- enlarged spleen;
- purulent peritonitis.
With jugular vein thrombosis, septic complications and optic nerve edema develop. Pathologies are usually affected by drug addicts and patients with malignant neoplasms.
Thrombosis of the sinuses of the brain is rare and is manifested:
- feeling of nausea;
- subfebrile temperature;
- meningeal signs;
- aching joints;
- increased intracranial pressure;
- cerebral edema;
- impaired blood circulation in the eyes.
Finding a blood clot in the veins can contribute to the rapid multiplication of microorganisms, as a result of which the surrounding tissues undergo an inflammatory process, then the patient begins sepsis.
Arterial thrombosis can affect large vessels in various parts of the human body. The most common pathologies are:
- Abdominal aorta. A clot provokes a violation of blood circulation in the organs of the abdominal cavity and pelvis. The patient feels a feeling of weakness in the lower extremities, pain, intermittent claudication. Men are impotent. The pulse on the legs weakens, and then is not fully felt. The skin turns pale and cold.
- Vessels of the kidneys. A person rises blood pressure, which can not be reduced. Traces of blood are observed in urine. With rapid blockage, the kidney dies.
- Brachial artery. Thrombosis may not have symptoms. When closing a large part of the lumen, the hand begins to go numb, it becomes cold, weakening of the pulse is observed. In case of complete occlusion, the limb may be amputated.
- Lower limbs. The patient is prone to edema, muscle weakness and pain in the lower limb. Leg hair growth is significantly reduced or completely stopped. The skin turns red, and in advanced cases they turn purple-cyanotic. Pathological processes are fraught with gangrene.
- Brain. The patient’s body temperature rises, headaches, feelings of drowsiness and nausea appear. Convulsive seizures, paralysis, impaired consciousness and other symptoms indicating a stroke are possible.
- Coronary artery. Lack of oxygen and nutrients in the heart causes a risk of angina attacks or heart attack. Pain in the heart can be of a different nature: pressing, compressing, stitching, etc.
- Pulmonary artery. The fulminant course of the disease leads to instant death. Otherwise, the onset of the pathology is characterized by pain in the chest area, cough, hemoptysis, blue fingers, high body temperature and so on.
Blood clots in the vessels provoke dangerous consequences, which can be avoided with timely diagnosis and effective treatment.
Thrombosis is the formation of dense blood clots that block the lumen of the vessels and disrupt the blood flow. They can form in any vessel, but the lower extremities most often suffer. From here, blood clots can migrate to the vital arteries of the heart and brain.
The causes of the development of pathology are:
- Violation of the blood coagulation system;
- Trauma to the vascular wall;
- Metabolic disorders;
- Cholesterol plaques in the vessels.
The combination of these factors leads to the subsidence of blood cells on the vascular wall – this is how a blood clot forms. It gradually increases in size and more and more disrupts the blood flow.
Blood clots in the vessels of the legs
There are several risk groups for thrombosis:
- Overweight people;
- Unhealthy people;
- Having bad habits;
- The profession of which involves low mobility;
- People with blood diseases;
- Pregnant women;
- Women receiving hormonal contraceptives or those in menopause;
- Patients after extensive surgery.
Patients from these groups must necessarily be given comprehensive prevention of thrombosis.
Postoperative thrombosis. Prevention
Despite the fact that blood coagulation is the main way to protect the body from blood loss during injuries, the mechanism of this system is often broken. The fact that the causes of such a failure can be very different, we have already said. Now let’s talk about one of the most dangerous conditions – postoperative thrombosis.
Prevention of postoperative thrombosis is important for every surgical patient. General anesthesia completely relaxes the muscles, at the same time the body automatically releases large portions of coagulating substances to stop bleeding. In addition to this, the patient is in a fixed horizontal position for some time.
Elderly patients are especially affected. With a positive outcome for surgery, thrombosis is the most common cause of death. Prevention and treatment for the elderly is a mandatory preoperative complex. It includes:
- preoperative administration of anticoagulants;
- minimal mechanical damage, including the introduction of droppers only into the veins of the hands to avoid injuring the walls of the vessels of the lower extremities;
- aseptic measures to avoid infections;
- postoperative administration of direct and indirect anticoagulants;
- early motor activity, the use of compression underwear and elevated lower limbs.
Prevention of thrombosis and subsequent postoperative treatment is carried out under the supervision of a phlebologist.
It is important not only to know how to avoid the pathology of blood clots, but also to use the sound methods, only then you will bring invaluable benefits to your health. If you suspect a blood clot in the body, consult a doctor immediately. He will conduct a series of diagnostic procedures.
It is important to consider that drug therapy is effective and relevant only if the risk of separation of a pathological blood clot is minimal. In other cases, surgical intervention is necessary. It may include a bypass procedure. In this case, the surgeon superimposes an additional blood supply bypassing the vessel affected by the pathology.
This operation is open and performed under general anesthesia. The surgeon may also resort to another technique called stenting. In this case, a hollow cylinder similar to a spring is introduced into the narrowing region of the vessel. This occurs through a puncture in the artery. In this case, before the introduction of such a cylinder, the doctor with a special tool completely removes the thrombus. This procedure does not take much time and does not require general anesthesia.
What kind of thrombosis treatment method to choose is decided solely by the doctor. The patient is only required to seek medical help in a timely manner, then the chances of recovery will be very high. You should not wait for the thrombus to come off, because in this case the chances of survival are minimal.
The choice of treatment methodology depends on the diagnosis: after a full examination, the doctor will identify the localization of the thrombus, assess the risk factors for sudden death, and select the optimal treatment option. With minimal danger and early diagnosis, the first stage of treatment involves drug treatment and strict adherence to preventive recommendations.
The main drug is an anticoagulant, which helps prevent the formation of a blood clot. Additionally, drugs that improve vascular patency and accelerate blood circulation may be required. In the worst situation, surgery is indispensable: only with the help of thrombectomy can the main danger be eliminated – clogging of vital arteries (coronary, cerebral, pulmonary).
If you have varicose veins, you need to know how thrombosis differs from thrombophlebitis in order to choose the right method of treatment (the inflammatory process in the vessel with thrombophlebitis requires the mandatory appointment of antibacterial and anti-inflammatory drugs).
A dangerous disease is mesenteric thrombosis or intestinal thrombosis. This is an acute pathology of the patency of the vessels of the intestine, as a result of which they thrombose.
Since intestinal thrombosis leads to rapid necrosis of the intestinal tract, an operation is performed to remove the affected area. The risk of intestinal thrombosis is highest in patients with cardiovascular disease, atherosclerosis, hypertension and rheumatism.
Preventive measures can only be selected by a doctor. Self-medication in case of risk of intestinal thrombosis is unacceptable. This will be a complex of drugs that reduce blood coagulability.
In the area of the liver is the largest portal vein, collecting blood from internal organs and carrying it to the heart. Portal thrombosis is the blockage of this vein in the spleen or inside the liver. If there is a suspicion of portal vein thrombosis, prevention and treatment should be carried out by highly qualified specialists, since the mortality rate in this case is very high.
Preventive measures for portal thrombosis include taking anticoagulants, timely treatment of the underlying disease, the absence of high physical exertion and regular medical examinations.
The treatment of portal thrombosis is most often done by shunting the vena cava and portal veins to restore blood circulation.
Special diet to prevent thrombosis
For many patients, thrombosis prophylaxis is, first and foremost, the right diet to help thin the blood. Polyunsaturated fats and products containing vitamins C and E must be in the diet. These are sea fish, sunflower and pumpkin seeds, unrefined sunflower oil, chestnuts, cereal grains, asparagus, and corn.
But there are a number of products that can not be consumed at risk of thrombosis. These are smoked meats, sausages and sausages, fried eggs, fatty cheeses and dairy products, all types of milk ice cream. In addition, you can not eat sweets and pastries with margarine. You can’t drink coffee and eat chocolate. Under the ban of toffee, cakes with butter cream and egg whites.
The main purpose of the diet with an increased risk of thrombosis:
Preservation of vascular elasticity,
Decrease in blood viscosity,
To solve these problems, they actively include fresh fruits, vegetables, berries, cereals, dairy products, lean meat, and vegetable oils in the menu. Fiber and soluble plant fibers help lower cholesterol and promote proper digestion.
To increase the saturation of the diet with omega-3 fatty acids, the menu includes marine fish of fatty breeds, fish oil. The result of such a nutritional strategy is a decrease in blood viscosity and triglyceride levels. The use of garlic, ginger, vegetable oils for dressing dishes will help normalize blood circulation and blood density.
To reduce the likelihood of blood clots, flavonoids should be more actively included in the menu. Most of all, their concentration in red grapes, grape juice. Only 100 ml of dry red wine can cover the daily need for flavonoids.
To strengthen blood vessels, prevent the development of ischemia and atherosclerosis, increase immunity, it is recommended to include coarse flour, all types of vegetable oils (olive, corn, sunflower, linseed), flax seeds, and avocado fruits in the diet more often.
Butter and margarine;
Hard fatty cheeses;
Chocolate, cakes, sweets;
Foods used in limited quantities:
Over 3 egg yolks per week.
From the remaining products, you can easily make a complete diet of delicious and healthy dishes.
How does thrombosis occur?
As a rule, the vascular walls are prone to changes with atherosclerosis. According to medical studies, blood clots were detected in 85% of the 350 patients who died from the disease.
As a result of this process, the vessels lose their softness and elasticity, become brittle, brittle and ulcerated. It is the damaged areas that become the place of deployment of blood clots, which are designed to cover wounds.
In addition, some chronic pathologies contribute to the deformation and loss of vascular elasticity, the formation of growths in them.
Blood clots formed during increased blood viscosity are its most dangerous consequence.
Many factors can lead to a decrease in the rheological properties of blood:
- coagulation genetic defects;
- some diseases (oncology, autoimmune pathologies, diabetes, hepatitis, cirrhosis and others);
- severe hemorrhage;
- large amounts of sugar, carbohydrates, etc.
In this case, the prevention of blood clots is possible only by getting rid of the underlying pathology.
Thrombosis directly depends on the violation of blood flow. So, with insufficient mobility of a person, it slows down, and high blood pressure is accompanied by vortex blood flow.
The occurrence of thrombosis is directly dependent on:
- Gender of the patient. According to medical research, men are more likely to form blood clots.
- Age. Due to the loss of vascular elasticity and slowing blood flow.
- The central nervous system, which has a direct effect on metabolic processes. In case of imbalance in the central nervous system, temporary or permanent circulatory problems are often observed.
- The presence of oncology. As a result of cancer pathology, the coagulation and anticoagulating systems malfunction, there is an imbalance between them, which provokes thrombosis.
- Hereditary predisposition to clot formation and cardiovascular disease.
- Blood characteristics. Changes in the properties or composition of the fluid may contribute to the appearance of unwanted formations.
- Infections that adversely affect blood properties.
- Heart abnormalities. The formation of blood clots is susceptible to patients with heart defects, atherosclerosis, hypertension, mitral stenosis.
- Pregnancy The baby’s waiting period is characterized by an increase in proteins in the body of a woman, which contributes to an increase in blood coagulation. Also, during childbirth, vessels may rupture.
- Climate, especially its change. In case of changes in weather conditions, a negative reaction of the nervous system is observed, usually with cardiovascular pathologies and slowed blood flow.
- Nutrition. Poor-quality food, as well as its use in large volumes contributes to the formation of blood clots in the vessels.
- Activity, the absence of which leads to a slowdown in blood circulation and venous congestion.
- The use of certain drugs, including hormonal drugs that negatively affect the properties of the blood.
- Presence of bad habits: smoking and alcohol abuse.
- Surgery, the use of general anesthesia, as well as reduced mobility in the postoperative period.
- Injury to any organs.
- Physical activity, which may be excessive or, conversely, insufficient for the normal functioning of the body.
- Varicose veins. The increased clearance in the veins caused by varicose veins leads to impaired blood flow and the appearance of pathological clots.
By their structure, blood clots are:
- white (platelet), affecting arteries and small vessels and characterized by a slow formation with increased blood flow;
- red (blood fibrin). As a rule, veins are affected and are manifested with an increase in blood coagulability and a slowdown in blood flow;
- mixed (layered), the appearance of which is possible in aortic aneurysm, veins;
- hyaline, which affects small vessels in various organs. The mechanism of their formation is not fully understood. Causes of occurrence: shock, burns, electrical injuries, etc.
In addition, pathological formations can be:
- marantic, found in old age in violation of the water-electrolyte balance with partial dehydration. The superficial veins in the extremities and the sinuses of the lining of the brain are affected;
- tumor, appearing with metastases of malignant tumors;
- septic, which are the result of inflammation and infection.
There is also a classification of blood clots depending on the size and location in the vessels:
- Parietal. The most common type. They are localized in large vessels, as well as on chambers and heart valves. Overlap the vessel in diameter no more than 50%. Initially, they are not dangerous, but their layering on top of one another leads to group clusters of blood clots and complete blockage of the blood vessel.
- Corking. They are able to block the lumen in the vessels by more than 50%, disrupting blood circulation. As a rule, small blood vessels are affected. Appear with the growth of parietal clots.
- Progressive. A rapidly growing formation that initially captures the venous wall, and then the collective venous vessels.
- Spherical. They are in the left atrium, have the ability to rapidly increase and separate from the place of their formation.
- Dilatation. Strongly stretched cavities of the aneurysm are affected, they grow greatly, causing a risk of their separation and complete blockage of blood flow.
The type of thrombus and its danger can only be determined by a specialist in the diagnostic process.
Thrombosis prophylaxis cannot be based on diet alone. It is very important to lead an active lifestyle and get enough exercise. To avoid stagnation of blood, you should walk every day, and sedentary workers should be interrupted every 40 minutes for a little charge, which can be replaced by fast walking along the corridors. When exercising, you should always remember the danger of excessive overload. Activity should be in moderation.
Separately, patients with a risk of thrombosis are recommended to wear special underwear and courses of therapeutic massages.
Damage to the vascular wall leads to the release of biologically active substances into the bloodstream, triggering a cascade of reactions aimed at blocking damage and stopping bleeding.
Initially, blood cells that look like white small plates (called platelets) are sent to the site of injury and form a platelet thrombus. It is not stable and is formed only as a result of aggregation (gluing) of blood cells.
Depending on the amount of damage, fibrin fibers are layered on the platelet mass, so-called coagulation occurs, a dense and large fibrin clot forms, which strengthens the primary thrombus.
Gradually, the regeneration of the injured area takes place and a thrombolytic system is connected, aimed at resolving the blockage and restoring the anatomical structure of the vessel.
The formation of blood clots occurs regularly in the body, but, being in equilibrium, the systems of thrombus formation and thrombolysis prevent serious complications in the form of tissue ischemia, prevent the blood clot from coming off and its migration through the vessels begins.
If at least one of these systems malfunctions, then this can lead to disastrous consequences.
External causes of blood clots are:
- Injuries accompanied by damage to the vascular wall (cuts, hematomas).
- Injection Especially dangerous are post-injection thrombophlebitis that occur at the site of venous catheter placement or as a result of the administration of drugs that irritate the vascular wall.
- Menstruation and so on.
The causes of internal thrombosis are:
- Vascular diseases.
- An abnormality of the thrombolytic system. Congenital and acquired pathologies of the anticoagulant system.
- Endocrine diseases. Hormonal imbalance also provokes thrombosis.
Among vascular diseases, there are:
- Phlebeurysm. Dilated veins lead to a delay in a large amount of blood, a violation of its movement through the vessels. This causes aggregation of the formed elements and thrombosis.
- Deep vein thrombosis of the lower extremities. Expansion of the deep veins of the lower extremities is more dangerous than superficial varicose expansion, as it is most often asymptomatic or with minor manifestations in the form of increased fatigue and a feeling of heaviness at the end of the working day, periodic spasms of the calf muscles, and swelling in the evening on the legs. Moreover, with an increase in coagulation factors in the blood (after surgery or massive injury), blood clots can form in the veins, which easily come off and migrate through the vessels.
- Atherosclerosis of blood vessels. High cholesterol leads to the formation of plaques, the tire of which can be damaged, causing thrombosis.
- Vasculitis of various etiologies. Inflammation of the vascular wall most often occurs as a result of autoimmune processes and is a manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid processes, and so on.
- Condition after vascular surgery or heart surgery, especially in the presence of foreign objects (pacemakers, artificial valves, stents, and so on).
The appearance of a thrombus threatens not only with blockage of the arterial vessel and tissue ischemia, but also with the possible separation of it. Due to the detachment of part or all of the thrombus, it migrates along the bloodstream and completely overlaps vessels of smaller diameter – this condition is called embolism.
The most dangerous thromboembolism of the branches of the pulmonary artery, which causes pulmonary infarction and can lead to death, as part of the lung is completely turned off from the bloodstream. Eye vessels, renal, cerebral and coronary arteries also often suffer.
Taking aspirin to prevent thrombosis
Drug protection for the risk of thrombosis includes anticoagulants, antiplatelet agents, as well as bioflavonoids, nicotinic acid, taking vitamins B6, B12, folic acid and vitamin E. However, many patients are sure that it is enough to take aspirin to prevent thrombosis, and everything else is not necessary. The daily intake of acetylsalicylic acid is indeed prescribed for the prevention of cardiovascular problems.
But recent studies prove that the effectiveness of such an appointment is rather doubtful, since problems with the gastrointestinal tract exceed the possible benefits. Recent studies were conducted in 2014 and covered almost 15 thousand patients. The effectiveness of aspirin in the control group was lower than the side effects obtained.
If, nevertheless, a decision has been made on the appointment of aspirin, then it should be taken in small doses, strictly observing the doctor’s recommendations.
Untimely detection and elimination of thrombosis is fraught with incurable consequences and death.
The presence of pathological clots in the body can provoke:
- thrombophlebitis, in which thrombosis is accompanied by inflammation of the venous walls, leading to complete closure of the lumen of the vessel;
- thromboembolism – the separation of a thrombus from the place of its formation and its entry into the bloodstream, which causes acute blockage of the vessel (embolism).
Complete or partial blockage of blood vessels reduces or stops the supply of blood to organs and tissues, leading to their hypoxia.
With the untimely elimination of clots, even in the case of a favorable outcome, the destruction of the vein valves occurs, the development of post-thrombophlebic disease, which makes it impossible for the patient to recover completely.
Modern medicine does not know why blood clots come off, but in any case, this process happens under the following conditions:
- free placement of a blood clot in a vessel (does not completely cover its lumen). Typically, such clots are observed in the veins of the legs and heart;
- sufficient blood speed to separate the formation from the vessel.
Migrating blood clots are very dangerous. Clots are capable of overcoming large distances and fragmentation, which causes blockage of many vessels.
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An example is pulmonary embolism, a thrombus formed in the lower extremities. A person often does not attach much importance to varicose veins and thrombophlebitis, not even suspecting the threat of sudden death.
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