Our heart is a special organ that performs a vital function and has a kind of autonomy. The heart rhythm is regulated and controlled not only from the outside – by the autonomic nervous system and endocrine glands, but also from the inside – by the own conductive heart system (PSS).
This system is represented by special muscle fibers that form the sinus, atrioventricular node located between the ventricles and atria, the bundle of His and Purkinje fibers. These specific formations contribute to the rhythmic and sequential contraction of the heart muscle and the consistent pushing of blood from the atria into the ventricles, and then into the bloodstream.
Failures in the operation of the PSS can cause disturbances in its rhythm, and, consequently, lead to a change in blood flow, blood vessels, and blood supply to the heart muscle itself. This in turn causes ischemia.
In addition, some types of arrhythmias pose a serious danger not only to health, but to human life itself, as they can even cause cardiac arrest. In addition to malfunctions in the functioning of the PCS, arrhythmias, and in particular tachycardia, can cause disturbances in the endocrine or autonomic nervous system.
Thus, thyrotoxicosis, or hyperfunction of the thyroid gland, causes an increase in myocardial excitability and, as a result, persistent tachycardia with a heart rate (CHS) of 120 beats or more. A disease such as pheochromocytoma, or a tumor of the adrenal medulla, is characterized by an increase in the synthesis and release of adrenaline into the blood and an increase in the sympathetic effects of this mediator.
Heart palpitations are one of the main symptoms of activation of the sympathetic innervation. In itself, the predominance of sympathetic influences over parasympathetic ones is also characterized by increased heart rate.
This condition can be observed in case of disruption of the autonomic nervous system, better known as vegetative-vascular dystonia (VVD). Whatever the etiology of tachycardia, this condition is considered pathological only if it occurs suddenly, the number of heart beats per minute exceeds 90, and there are no objective reasons for the heart rate to increase.
At the same time, tachycardia can be a completely natural, physiological condition, accompanying strong physical or emotional stress. In this case, the pulse rate increases gradually, with an increase, and also gradually returns to normal (60 to 80 beats / min).
Signs of lowering blood pressure also include tachycardia. In this case, its appearance is compensatory. An increase in heart rate occurs as a response to a decrease in vascular blood supply.
Reducing faster, the heart tries to throw large volumes of blood into the bloodstream. Such a reflex pulse increase against hypotension can also be considered physiological, since it is not associated with the occurrence of pathological excitation sites.
Tachycardia of the heart – what is it
Tachycardia is one of the most common heart rhythm disturbances, manifested by an increase in heart rate (HR) of more than 90 beats per minute. With the appearance of tachycardia, a person has a feeling of palpitations, in some cases neck pulsation of the vessels, anxiety, dizziness, rarely fainting are possible.
In patients with cardiovascular disease, this arrhythmia can worsen the prognosis of life and provoke the development of such a complication as heart failure. The main mechanism for the development of tachycardia is to increase the automatism of the sinus node, which normally sets the correct rhythm of the heart.
If a person feels his heart palpitations increasing and intensifying, then this is far from always evidence of the existence of problems.
In practically healthy people, tachycardia can be caused by the action of physiological compensatory mechanisms in response to the release of adrenaline into the bloodstream and activation of the sympathetic nervous system, which cause increased heart rate, which is a response to one or another external factor.
Termination of the latter leads to a gradual return of heart rate to normal. In healthy people, tachycardia occurs:
- as a result of stressful situations, physical activity and emotional arousal;
- with increasing air temperature;
- with the use of certain medicines, strong tea, coffee or alcohol;
- from a sharp change in body position, etc.
In preschool children, tachycardia is considered a physiological norm.
At the same time, the course of certain pathological conditions is often accompanied by tachycardia. Most often, tachycardia manifests itself not as an independent disease, but as a symptom, a peculiar reaction of the heart to impulses of the nervous system, physical activity or the intake of substances in the body that contribute to increased heart rate.
This so-called physiological tachycardia does not pose a health hazard, as it is one of the reactions of our body to the natural manifestations of the central nervous system.
Cases of heart palpitations in young children and adolescents are not uncommon, as a result of a more active lifestyle, imbalance of the endocrine and other systems in the process of development of a young organism.
Pregnant women also have episodic attacks. This is mainly due to the fact that the body works with a vengeance, there is a restructuring of the hormonal background, weight increases, and an enhanced metabolic process begins.
Significant acceleration of the heart rhythm can be caused by active physical exercises, stressful situations, the effect on the body of caffeine, nicotine and others, substances that affect the functioning of the heart. Often there is a similar deviation in patients suffering from vegetative-vascular dystonia.
During panic attacks, there is a feeling of shortness of breath, and a feeling that the heart is about to jump out of the chest. In this state, you need to take a comfortable position, perform breathing exercises, try to relax, calm down.
Acceleration of the sinus node leads to tachycardia, which in different forms of manifestation happens:
Too frequent heart rhythm does not allow the heart to function normally, to be fully saturated with blood, while lowering blood pressure, which means that the amount of vital fluid decreases.
The lack of pumped blood leads to oxygen starvation of the whole body and heart muscle and creates the prerequisites for the development of diseases such as arrhythmia, coronary heart disease, myocardial infarction and so on.
Tachycardia itself is not a disease, it is rather a symptom and a manifestation of another, more serious disease, but it can also occur as an independent ailment. Sinus tachycardia is a normal physiological reaction of the body to different life situations.
In a state of excitement, fear, physical activity, heartbeats increase, but after a short period of time, heart rate indicators return to normal without any negative consequences for a person.
With this type of tachycardia, the increased heart rate runs smoothly, growing, and also gradually subsides. For such tachycardia, treatment is not required. Pathological tachycardia is diagnosed if the patient records an increase in heart rate at rest and is divided into two main types: ventricular and supraventricular.
The last form of tachycardia is more insidious in its manifestations, and can lead to death. Tachycardia is characterized by spontaneous and sudden attacks.
At this moment, a person’s heart rate sharply changes pace upwards. Heartbeats become frequent and distinct. Some patients have external signs, such as pulsation of blood vessels in the neck.
During attacks of tachycardia, dizziness, lack of air, heavy breathing, a state close to loss of consciousness, severe weakness, involuntary trembling of the upper limbs are noted.
When listening to the heart, beats are heard, similar to the sounds of a swinging pendulum. The frequency of contractions in paroxysmal tachycardia is 140-240 beats per minute.
Perhaps a slight increase in body temperature, excessive sweating, upset gastrointestinal tract, and at the end of the attack – excessive urination.
There are tachycardic seizures that last literally seconds. And also – exhausting, long attacks that can last for several days. Such attacks are characterized by the presence of fainting conditions, constant weakness.
Signs of tachycardia that cannot be ignored:
- pain in the chest;
- darkening in the eyes, frequent dizziness;
- rapid heart rate at rest without objective reasons, not passing a few minutes;
- repeated loss of consciousness.
Such manifestations of tachycardia eloquently indicate the presence of some kind of chronic disease. It is advisable to consult a doctor and determine what caused the appearance of tachycardia, as well as choose a treatment tactic.
Cases of sinus tachycardia are found in all age groups of both healthy people and patients with certain diseases. Its occurrence is promoted by intracardial or extracardial etiological factors (respectively cardiac or extracardiac).
In patients with cardiovascular diseases, sinus tachycardia can be a manifestation of any heart pathology:
- coronary heart disease
- arterial hypertension
- myocardial infarction
- acute and chronic heart failure,
- rheumatic and congenital heart defects,
- infectious endocarditis,
- exudative and adhesive pericarditis.
Physiological extracardiac factors contributing to the development of tachycardia include emotional stress and physical exertion.
Most extracardiac arrhythmias are neurogenic tachycardia, which are associated with primary dysfunction of the cortex and subcortical nodes of the brain, and disorders of the autonomic nervous system:
- affective psychoses,
The most susceptible to them are young people with lability of the nervous system. Other factors of extracardial tachycardia are represented by endocrine disorders (thyrotoxicosis, increased adrenaline production with pheochromocytoma), anemia, acute vascular insufficiency (shock, collapse, acute blood loss, fainting), hypoxemia, acute pain attacks.
The main reasons why tachycardia occurs:
- disorders of the cardiovascular system: arrhythmia, endocarditis, myocarditis, heart disease, cardiosclerosis;
- endocrine diseases: pheochromocytoma, decreased thyroid function, diabetes mellitus, menopausal syndrome;
- diseases of the autonomic nervous system;
- neurotic states;
- emotional turmoil;
- change in the electrolyte composition of the blood.
With prolonged use of drugs such as sedatives, hormones and diuretics, a deficiency of potassium and magnesium occurs, which inevitably affects the work of the heart muscle.
Tachycardia can occur due to fever that develops in conditions of various infectious and inflammatory diseases (pneumonia, tonsillitis, tuberculosis, sepsis, focal infection). For every 1 ° C increase in body temperature, an increase in heart rate of 10-15 beats / min. in children and 8-9 beats / min. in adults (compared to normal).
The occurrence of pharmacological (drug) and toxic sinus tachycardia is caused by the influence on the function of the sinus node of all kinds of medicinal and other chemicals.
These include sympathomimetics (adrenaline and norepinephrine), vagolitics (atropine), aminophylline, corticosteroids, thyroid-stimulating hormones, diuretics, antihypertensive drugs, caffeine, alcohol, nicotine, poisons, etc. Individual substances that do not directly affect the function of the sinus node , increase the tone of the sympathetic nervous system and cause the so-called reflex tachycardia.
Adequate and inadequate sinus tachycardia is distinguished. The latter is characterized by the ability to maintain peace of mind, the absence of dependence on stress and medication. Such tachycardia can be accompanied by feelings of lack of air and a strong heartbeat.
Experts suggest that this rare and poorly understood disease of unknown origin is related to the primary lesion of the sinus node.
Clinical symptoms of sinus tachycardia appear depending on how severe and prolonged it is, as well as on the nature of the underlying disease. Subjective signs of sinus tachycardia may be completely absent, sometimes there may be a feeling of palpitations, a feeling of heaviness or pain in the region of the heart.
With inadequate sinus tachycardia, a persistent heartbeat, a feeling of lack of air, shortness of breath, weakness and frequent dizziness are observed. Fatigue, insomnia, worsening of mood, loss of appetite and working capacity are possible.
The severity of subjective symptoms depends on the threshold of sensitivity of the nervous system and the underlying disease.
In patients with diseases of the cardiovascular system (coronary atherosclerosis, etc.), an increase in heart rate can provoke angina attacks and exacerbate decompensation of heart failure.
A rapid heartbeat often leads a person to a state of anxiety and fear. With the appearance of tachycardia symptoms such as sweating, cold hands and a feeling of lack of air, a person has a fear for his health.
It begins to seem to a person that his condition is very unstable, or that he is sick with a serious illness. Among other things, symptoms of tachycardia include chest pain, shortness of breath, darkening in the eyes, and fright.
Against the background of such mental stress, the tachycardia attack can intensify, which in turn has an effect on the aggravation of a person’s psychological state.
This phenomenon is especially dangerous for suspicious people, because in an attack of fear for their own health rash decisions can be made (false call of an ambulance, taking large quantities of drugs, etc.).
Tachycardia requires treatment if it appears without any obvious reason: a person feels well and is in a calm state or sleeps. What symptoms warn of danger:
- Shortness of breath (hard to inhale);
- noises appear in the head, in the ears;
- darkens in the eyes;
- fainting weakness, loss of consciousness;
The patient needs to call an ambulance, and before her arrival should:
- to free the neck and chest;
- open a window;
- apply cold to forehead;
- wash yourself with ice water.
The physiological causes of cardiac tachycardia are virtually harmless. They are the result of a normal reaction of the body to external stimuli (physical activity or fright).
For pathological reasons, attention must be paid to the concomitant symptoms of tachycardia (sweating, dizziness, changes in blood pressure, etc.). If such symptoms appear, you must always consult a doctor and undergo an examination.
The basics of first a >
An attack of tachycardia, especially the first to occur, is always scary. The condition of the patient depends on how competently the people around the sick person behave. If a person turns pale and complains of an increased heart rate, it is necessary:
- Call a doctor or an ambulance.
- Provide peace to the victim.
- Try to calm the patient (people in this state have a strong fear of death).
- To unfasten a person’s belt, loosen a tie and unfasten clothing compressing the body.
- If the attack occurred indoors, then open the windows, providing an influx of fresh air.
- Give a person to drink Corvalol, valerian or other sedatives.
- Put a cold, damp cloth on your forehead.
- Offer a person to hold their breath for a short while and tighten their abdominal muscles.
With the ineffectiveness of simple sedatives, it is recommended to wait for the arrival of the ambulance, despite all the protests of the patient. Most people try to avoid hospitalization, but almost all types of tachycardia (except the ventricular form) are stopped on an outpatient basis, and the patient is recommended to be examined in a clinic.
Interesting! Some sources recommend that for stopping an increased heartbeat, press the victim on the eyeballs or offer to cough, but this is not recommended.
Coughing and pressing on the eyes gives the necessary pulsating effect only with sinus tachycardia, but with the ventricular form of pathology, these actions can only do harm.
The leading role in the differential diagnosis of the type of tachycardia, determining the rhythm and heart rate belongs to electrocardiography (ECG). In the event of paroxysms of arrhythmia, it is highly informative to conduct daily ECG monitoring according to Holter.
This method allows you to identify and analyze any heart rhythm disturbance during the day, as well as determine ischemic ECG changes during normal physical activity of the patient.
Echocardiography, which gives information about the size of the heart chambers, the thickness of the walls of the myocardium, the violations of local contractility and the pathology of the valve apparatus, is a routine research method to exclude heart pathology for any rhythm disturbances.
In rare cases, magnetic resonance imaging of the heart is performed to identify congenital pathology. Only a cardiologist can determine how to treat heart tachycardia. It is useless to treat tachycardia itself – the cause of the increased heartbeat should be eliminated.
To diagnose the underlying disease, a number of examinations are prescribed:
- ECG (daily according to Holter, 2-3-day monitoring);
- blood and urine tests;
- analysis to detect thyroid hormone levels;
- Ultrasound of the heart to identify abnormalities in the structure of the heart or its departments;
Invasive methods for examining patients with tachycardia include conducting an electrophysiological study. The method is used if there are appropriate indications before surgical treatment of arrhythmia only to a limited circle of patients.
Using an electrophysiological study, the doctor receives information about the nature of the propagation of the electrical impulse through the myocardium, determines the mechanisms of tachycardia or conduction disturbances.
To identify the cause of tachycardia, additional research methods are sometimes prescribed: a general blood test, a blood test for thyroid hormones, electroencephalography, etc.
The principles of treatment of tachycardia depend on the cause of its occurrence. Any therapy should be carried out by a cardiologist or other specialists.
The primary goal of treating tachycardia is to eliminate provoking factors:
- the exclusion of caffeinated drinks (strong tea, coffee),
- spicy food
- protecting the patient from all kinds of overloads.
Cases of physiological sinus tachycardia do not need medication treatment. As part of the treatment of pathological tachycardia, there is a need to eliminate the underlying disease. Patients with sinus tachycardia of a neurogenic nature need to consult a neurologist.
The treatment itself involves the use of psychotherapy and sedatives (luminal, tranquilizers and antipsychotics: tranquilan, relanium, seduxen).
Reflex (hypovolemia) and compensatory (anemia, hyperthyroidism) tachycardia require the elimination of the causes of their occurrence. Otherwise, the result of treatment aimed at lowering heart rate may be a sharp decrease in blood pressure and aggravation of hemodynamic impairment.
In case of tachycardia due to thyrotoxicosis, β-adrenoblockers are also used for treatment along with thyreostatic drugs prescribed by the endocrinologist. Non-selective β-blockers are more preferred. In the case of contraindications, it is possible to use calcium antagonists of the non-hydropyridine series (verapamil, diltiazem).
With the appearance of sinus tachycardia in patients with chronic heart failure, it is possible to prescribe cardiac glycosides (digoxin) in combination with beta-blockers.
The selection of the target heart rate during treatment should be individual and take into account both the patient’s condition and his underlying disease. The target values of resting heart rate in patients with coronary artery disease are 55-60 beats per minute, in the absence of heart disease at rest, an adult should have no more than 80 beats per minute.
It is possible to increase the tone of the vagus nerve with paroxysmal tachycardia due to a special massage performed by pressing on the eyeballs. In the absence of the effect of non-drug therapy, they resort to the appointment of antiarrhythmic drugs (propafenone, cordarone, etc.).
Ventricular tachycardia requires the immediate provision of qualified medical care and emergency hospitalization.
In rare cases, surgical methods are used to treat persistent tachycardia, the most modern is radiofrequency ablation of the arrhythmic myocardial site (cauterization of the affected area in order to restore normal rhythm).
To reduce the load on the heart, reduce the reactivity of the conductive system and block sympathetic effects on the heart muscle, drugs from the group of beta-adrenergic blockers are used.
Not so long ago, in the course of clinical studies, scientists have proved that the use of these pharmaceuticals several times reduces the mortality rate among people suffering from cardiovascular diseases.
Among the herbal preparations used to treat tachyarrhythmias, a group of cardiac glycosides should be distinguished.
They reduce the conductivity in the atrioventricular node, reduce the load on the heart and help to reduce the number of heart contractions per minute. However, treatment of cardiac tachycardia with cardiac glycosides, as well as the use of other antiarrhythmic drugs, should be carried out under strict medical supervision.
In addition, cardiac glycosides are taken according to a special scheme (the principle of digitalization) and cannot be canceled on their own. Such precautions are necessary in order to prevent the occurrence of atrioventricular blockade – the main complication of taking cardiac glycosides.
If tachycardia was the result of a strong emotional shake-up or a stressful situation, then more traditional and well-known remedies, such as Corvalol, Valocardin, Validol tablets and some others, are suitable for its elimination.
They not only help relieve nervous tension and calm down, but also reduce heart rate. In this case, some alternative treatment methods can also be used. It can be various sedative preparations, herbal teas, infusions of soothing herbs, such as valerian, cyanosis, hops, motherwort, and many other folk remedies.
Therapy is aimed, first of all, at eliminating the cause of the occurrence of a heartbeat, and only then medications are selected to reduce the pulse. Antiarrhythmic drugs have many side effects, and they are prescribed with caution.
In mild cases, patients can be prescribed natural herbal remedies:
A good effect is the use of Corvalol. These drugs help reduce excitability and improve sleep. Often the treatment of the underlying disease and the use of herbal preparations provide the necessary therapeutic effect.
If the administration of sedatives is ineffective or the cause of the attack cannot be eliminated, then the patient is selected an antiarrhythmic drug taking into account the characteristics of the underlying disease.
Depending on the underlying pathology, the patient is prescribed the following medications:
The list of antiarrhythmic drugs is large, but mainly for therapeutic purposes, calcium antagonists and adrenergic blockers are used. Note!
With the ineffectiveness of drug treatment, surgical treatment is indicated. During the operation, an artificial pacemaker is installed, which is responsible for the heart rate.
Treatment of tachycardia at home
Treatment of tachycardia at home is aimed at reducing the number of heart contractions and normalizing heart function. For this, various means and medicines are used:
Among all the folk remedies for tachycardia, a herb such as dye gorse stands out. It is prescribed in cases when the disease is severely neglected, and there is no longer any hope for other drugs and medicines.
So, we suggest you make such an infusion: 2 tablespoons of dried gorse ginger pour 2 cups boiling water, let stand for 20 minutes and strain. Drink 3-4 times a day for 100 ml.
You can treat heart palpitations with the help of a thorny gorse. Dry seeds of this plant need to be crushed in a coffee grinder and taken 3 times a day for 1/3 teaspoon. You can dilute gorse powder with water or mix with honey (this will soften the unpleasant taste of the plant).
Here’s another recipe for using thorny gorse: pour 400 ml of vodka into a glass of grass, close it tightly with a lid and leave in a dark place for 14 days, then strain. Take 3 times a day for 10 ml of alcohol tincture, diluting it with 50 ml of water.
Some herbalists advise making alcohol tincture from the seeds of thorny gorse. It is prepared like this: 2 tablespoons of seeds are poured into 100 ml of vodka and insisted for 10 days, after which they are filtered. Take 3 times a day for 20-30 drops until the tachycardia completely disappears.
If you are worried about how to treat tachycardia, always keep at hand the fruits and flowers of hawthorn. They help strengthen and regulate the heart, eliminate arrhythmia.
Broth of hawthorn is an excellent remedy for various types of stress and neurosis caused by insomnia, shortness of breath, heart palpitations. Hawthorn also has a diuretic effect, removing excess fluid from the body, thereby lowering blood pressure.
So, at the first signs of tachycardia, you need to do this potion: pour a handful of fruits or flowers of hawthorn with 1 liter of water, boil for 5 minutes and let cool. How to use? 0,5 cup of broth 3 times a day before meals.
If we talk about tachycardia treatment with folk remedies, then you definitely need to talk about such a wonderful plant as adonis.
Here is our recipe: boil 1 liter of water and add 2 tablespoons of spring adonis. On a small fire, you need to boil the potion for 5-7 minutes, then cool and strain.
How to use? Adults – 1 tablespoon 3 times a day, children under 12 years old – 1 teaspoon 1 time a day before meals. Using this medicine in just a month you can completely cure heart tachycardia.
Herbal collection number 1.
You can treat tachycardia with folk remedies using this collection:
- Melissa herb – 40 g
- Linden flowers – 40 g
- Nettle – 20 g
- Chamomile – 20 g
- Mix all ingredients thoroughly.
Take 1 tablespoon of the collection and pour 1 cup of boiling water, insist under the lid for 5 minutes, then drink in one gulp. This remedy needs to be taken 3 times a day, and each time you need to make a new portion of infusion.
In just 2-3 months, you will notice that these folk remedies completely saved you from unpleasant symptoms in the heart.
Herbal collection number 2.
Here is another way to treat tachycardia. Take these herbs:
- Mint – 100 g
- Melissa – 100g
- Motherwort – 50 g
- Lavender – 50 g
All this needs to be mixed thoroughly. Next, take 1 tablespoon of the mixture, pour 1 liter of water and simmer for 7-8 minutes.
After the broth has cooled, it must be filtered. During the day you should drink 2-3 glasses of this medicine. After a few days, you will notice that you feel much better, and after a few months of treatment, tachycardia will completely go away.
Herbal collection number 3.
Here is another recipe for herbal tea that will help to successfully treat tachycardia:
- Chamomile flowers – 100 g
- Sunflower flowers – 100 g
- Heather – 50 g
- Blackcurrant leaves – 50 g
- Melissa Leaves – 20 g
- Mint Leaves – 20 g
How to cook: mix all the ingredients thoroughly. Take 2 tablespoons of the mixture and pour into a 2 liter thermos bottle. Pour boiling water over the herbs, close the lid and leave for 4-5 hours. This liquid should be taken 1 glass 3 times a day. It can be sweetened with honey or sugar.
Herbal harvest number 4
Everyone who has tachycardia knows how difficult it is to cure it. But herbalists know thousands of recipes to combat this disease. For example, try this potion:
- Nettle grass – 100 g
- Birch leaves – 100 g
- Ginkgo biloba – 15 g
- Schisandra leaves – 50 g
- Mistletoe – 100 g
How to cook: take 1 teaspoon of a mixture of herbs, and pour it with 1 cup of boiling water. Cover and wait 5-10 minutes, then drink in small sips.
We recommend taking this tool before bedtime in order to stabilize the heart rhythm and easily fall asleep.
Our great-grandmothers knew very well how to treat tachycardia without doctors and expensive drugs. They treated her with a healing balm:
- Garlic – 10 heads
- Natural honey – 1 liter
- Lemons – 10 pieces
Take 10 heads of garlic (heads, not cloves), peel them and grate on a fine grater. Squeeze the juice from the lemons separately.
Mix garlic and lemon juice with honey and leave in a sealed container for 10 days in a dark and cool place. Next, consume 1 teaspoon of this balm 4 times a day. Before swallowing it, you must carefully dissolve the balm in your mouth, although this is unpleasant.
With the help of such a drug, you can cure heart tachycardia forever. By the way, many healers say that you need to take this balm throughout your life, and then you will not be afraid of any ailment.
And now we will talk about how to treat tachycardia with a very tasty and healthy mixture of nuts, honey and chocolate. No need to be surprised: the fact is that the above products are rich in magnesium, namely this element is an integral part of enzymes that inhibit the influx of calcium into cells with myocarditis, affecting the normal heart rhythm.
So, mix the following ingredients in the jar: Natural honey – 1 l. Chopped almonds – 100 g. Chopped walnuts – 100 g. Chopped natural dark chocolate – 100 g. Cocoa – 100g. Try to use this mixture every morning for 1 tablespoon (store it in the refrigerator), and soon you will notice that you no longer have heart problems.
Grape leaves contain the well-known antioxidant – resveratrol, which strengthens the veins and gives them flexibility. The fact is that resveratrol prevents the breakdown of proteins – elastin and collagen – the building material from which the walls of blood vessels are made.
As a result of this, grape leaves prevent the formation of varicose veins, relieve all types of edema, improve blood circulation in the limbs and protect the vessels from destruction.
The active substances contained in these plants also have an antispasmodic effect, lower blood pressure and slow down the heart rate. Prepare such a decoction: 1 cup finely chopped grape leaves, pour 1 liter of hot water and boil for 5-7 minutes.
After that, wait until the product has cooled, and strain it. The broth should be drunk half a cup 2 times a day between meals. The course of treatment lasts 10-20 days, depending on the neglect of the disease.
- Cardiac asthma.
- Arterial hypertension.
- Heart failure.
- Hemorrhagic or ischemic stroke.
- Acute myocardial infarction.
- Heart rate changes.
- Pulmonary edema.
- Biological death. In order to timely detect the early signs of this disease, you need to undergo a comprehensive medical examination annually, then its treatment will be more effective.
Prophylaxis and prognosis
For the prevention of tachycardia, it is very important:
- Timely treat concomitant diseases;
- To perform physical exercises;
- Adhere to a rational diet;
- Take vitamins and minerals.
To prevent tachycardia against the background of diseases of the cardiovascular system and other chronic pathologies, it is necessary to constantly monitor the indicators and follow the treatment plan.
Daily physical activity stimulates the heart and makes the myocardium more resilient and resistant to external factors. It is advisable to coordinate the intensity of the exercises with your doctor, but a half-hour walk in the fresh air will not hurt anyone.
People suffering from tachycardia should give up alcoholic beverages and products containing caffeine and other stimulants. It will be very useful to reduce the consumption of fatty foods and sugar, replacing them with fruits and vegetables. With excessive excitability of the nervous system, herbal teas with a slight sedative effect will help.
Often tachycardia occur against the background of a lack of magnesium and potassium in the body. The main function of these trace elements is to regulate the cyclical contraction and relaxation of the heart muscle. Before using any drugs, it is better to consult a doctor first.
Tachycardia is a rapid heartbeat caused by pathology of the cardiovascular system or other diseases.
Only in a small number of cases (with paroxysm of nodal tachycardia) can you try to cope with it yourself. For this, vagal tests are used (straining, inducing a vomiting reflex, coughing).
In all other cases, the help of a doctor is needed, who will relieve the attack either by the intravenous administration of drugs or electro-pulse therapy (passing current through the heart). For the prevention of tachycardia, it is necessary to treat the underlying disease, as well as a healthy lifestyle (good nutrition and sports).
For healthy people, tachycardia does not carry a negative prognosis. This phenomenon is absolutely safe for humans with a physiological manifestation, even pronounced.
For people with a history of heart disease, the prognosis may be completely different. Tachycardia is able to disrupt many processes of the heart, slow down treatment.
The pathological conditions of tachycardia can be very painful for a person, bring discomfort and impede the normal functioning of the body. With frequent manifestations of tachycardia for no apparent physiological reasons, it is likely that arrhythmia appeared as a symptom against another ailment.
The right step would be going to the doctor without self-medication. Without a clear definition of the cause of tachycardia, it will not be possible to cure it completely and independently.
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