They begin to treat arrhythmia after determining the cause that caused it. The patient is prescribed therapy only after a full examination. In addition to antiarrhythmic drugs, if a patient has been diagnosed with psychosomatic disorders, sedatives may be prescribed. Tranquilizers are allowed. They are auxiliary and should be used in combination with anti-arrhythmia drugs.
Arrhythmia can be triggered by taking certain medications. In this case, reduce their dosage or replace the medicine with an analog.
With arrhythmias, the body needs one of the microelements, and they need to be consumed in the form of tablets, otherwise an imbalance will begin in the body. As a rule, with such a pathology, a shortage of potassium or magnesium is felt.
Potassium deficiency is eliminated with the help of Asparkam, Smectovit. It is useful for patients to eat bananas and dried fruits.
Magnesium is found in Asparkam, Magne-B6, Magnistad. From food, nuts and seeds can be distinguished.
All medicines for atrial fibrillation – a list with a huge number of items. The choice of drugs is difficult even for an experienced doctor.
Chronic therapy of tachyarrhythmias in children depends on a number of factors, and the most important of them is knowledge of the specific natural history of each tachycardia. Other factors to consider when choosing a therapeutic approach are the severity of symptoms, seizure rate, associated heart disease, and the adverse effects of these drugs.
Based on natural history, it is recommended that patients with manifestations of tachyarrhythmia during the first year of life receive drug therapy until they reach 1–2 years, and then maintain clinical control. When arrhythmia occurs after 5 years, the antiarrhythmic drug should be maintained for a long period or until an electrophysiological study is indicated.
Atrial fibrillation is dangerous with complications, so the doctor should choose the treatment for the pathology.
- Among the general principles that determine which medicine to use for atrial fibrillation, there are several main directions.
- Treatment of the disease that caused fibrillation, if any (hypertension, thyroid dysfunction, pulmonary pathology, diabetes mellitus). Sometimes you need to cancel already taken medications. For example, if Vazobral is prescribed, atrial fibrillation may be more likely due to caffeine.
- Prevention of AF is prescribed for paroxysmal and persistent forms.
- The cessation of an already begun attack of fibrillation is more effectively achieved by intravenous administration of the drug.
- Maintaining a sinus rhythm with a constant type of fibrillation does not always make sense, the need for this treatment is determined by the doctor.
- The prevention of such a dangerous complication as thrombosis is carried out with any type of AF.
In AF, additional nutrition of the heart muscle is performed. This function is performed by metabolic drugs.
Examples of such agents are Panangin and Asparkam, which contain potassium and magnesium asparaginates. They are recommended to be taken 1-2 tablets three times a day in combination with a meal.
It contains inosine, which improves blood supply to the heart muscle.
In the treatment of atrial fibrillation, Riboxin is prescribed one tablet 3-4 times a day at the initial stage.
With good tolerance, a single dose is doubled, and the medicine is taken three times a day. Gradually switch to taking 4 tablets 3 times a day. Treatment lasts from 1 to 3 months.
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- Overview of Arrhythmia Medications
- Antiarrhythmic drugs
- IV class – blockers of “slow” calcium channels from arrhythmia
- Tranquilizer blockers
- Separate class 1 drug from arrhythmia – Etatsizin
- Local anesthetics
- Homeopathic remedies
- Other medicines for arrhythmia
- Doctor’s advice on the use of medicines
The drug supports the nutrition of cardiomyocytes, protecting them from destruction, contributes to normal conduction in the heart muscle.
The dose per day for is 6-9 mg per kilogram of patient weight, it is divided into 3 doses. The maximum permissible single dosage is 250 mg, and the daily dosage is 800 mg.
You need to finish the treatment with Mexicor tablets gradually, reducing the daily dose by 0,1 g.
Warfarin is popular among anticoagulants due to its low cost.
Specific drugs for arrhythmia can restore the normal physiological rhythm of the heart. The basis of the therapeutic effect is the blockade of the functions of andreno receptors that respond to the level of adrenaline in the body. The course of therapy is prescribed exclusively by a specialist based on diagnostic data, analysis of individual patient data.
- A segment of beta-blockers that reduce the state of nervous system overload due to the blockade of the production of adrenaline – the stress hormone. Widely used are Egilok, Rhythmylene, Anaprilin, Cordanum and Flecainide, Acebutolol, Bisoprolol;
- Digoxin, Korglikon, Strofantin – the most popular cardiac glycosides, are prescribed for severe heart and respiratory failure;
- A series of potassium channel inhibitors, the doctor prescribes them as the most effective means for atrial fibrillation. In turn, they are divided into the Diltiazem group, which includes Bepridil, Gallopamil and the Verapamil group, consisting of Lekoptin, Finoptin, Isoptin.
- An assortment of potassium blockers eliminates ventricular flutter – fibrillation and consists of very popular drugs – Amiodarone, Bretilia, Nibentan, Ibutilide and Dronedaron.
- Stabilization of the heart in the form of atrial or ventricular tachycardia allows the introduction of a membrane of stabilizing agents, which are divided into three subtypes.
- Type 1 – and as part of Novokainamid, Khinidin, Aymalin,
- Type 1 – b is an assortment of Trimekain, Diphenylhydantoin, Mexiletine, Lidocaine, Tokainida.
- Subspecies 1-c consists of Propafenone, Allapinin, Etatsizin, Encainide, Bonnecor.
- To stimulate blood flow and normalize it, ATP, a drug with a high content of magnesium, vitamins and potassium, is introduced. This is “Magne B6”, “Panangin”, also prescribed are vases stimulant Captopril, statins and antioxidants.
Despite the huge selection of drugs that allow you to choose the best combination in each individual case, almost all drugs have similar side effects. Manifestations of nausea, abdominal pain, weakness, dizziness, hand tremor, insomnia, nervous and heart disorders, allergies and skin rashes are inherent in every drug.
In addition, myocardial infarction, asthma in the acute stage, hypotensive syndrome, severe forms of renal and liver failure, severe bradycardia, acidosis and cardiosclerosis are unconditional contraindications for taking antiarrhythmic drugs.
The main mechanism of action of class I drugs (sodium channel blockers) is to suppress fast Na channels and block the entry of Na into the cell during phase 0 PD.
This leads to a slowdown of the excitation wave, including in areas of the myocardium with already weakened conductivity, and to stop the arrhythmia, because the occurrence or maintenance of a circulating wave of excitation that causes arrhythmia is ensured by its slow passage through a section with weakened conductivity.
In addition, the antiarrhythmic effect of class I drugs is also associated with an increase in cardiac tissue refractoriness and suppression of ectopic activity.
- relief of paroxysms of ventricular tachycardia (with myocardial infarction – lidocaine);
- relief of paroxysms of supraventricular tachycardia (except for drugs of class IV);
- relief of atrial fibrillation attacks (except for class IV drugs);
- prevention of ventricular and supraventricular rhythm disturbances in patients without pronounced structural changes in the myocardium and with a preserved ejection fraction of the left ventricle;
- paroxysmal ventricular tachycardia and ventricular extrasystole caused by glycoside intoxication (diphenin, lidocaine).
These drugs reduce the excitability of the heart muscle, the speed of abnormal signals causing arrhythmia along it, and inhibit the ability of cells to spontaneously generate electrical impulses.
Many of them are antiarrhythmic drugs of the latest generation. They are used not only for irregular heart rhythms, but also for ischemic and hypertension, circulatory failure and myocardial infarction.
For continuous use, it is not recommended, because it has side effects:
- slow pulse;
- increase in blood glucose concentration and others.
The main contraindications to the use of these drugs:
- severe circulatory failure with shortness of breath and / or edema;
- persistent attacks of bronchial asthma;
- uncontrolled diabetes mellitus;
- Raynaud’s disease;
- heart rate up to 50 per minute;
- heart block, for example, sino-atrial or atrio-ventricular;
- decrease in systolic (“upper”) pressure to 90 mm RT. Art. and less;
- Prinzmetall angina pectoris.
Non-selective beta-blockers inhibit the production of insulin in the pancreas. On the other hand, these drugs inhibit the mobilization of glucose from the liver, contributing to the development of protracted hypoglycemia in patients with diabetes mellitus.
Hypoglycemia promotes the release of adrenaline into the blood, acting on alpha-adrenergic receptors. This leads to a significant increase in blood pressure.
- Without internal sympathomimetic activity:
- propranolol (anaprilin, obzidan);
- nadolol (korgard);
- sotalol (sotagexal, tensol);
- timolol (blockard);
- With internal sympathomimetic activity:
- oxprenolol (trazicor);
- pindolol (wisken);
- alprenolol (aptin);
- penbutolol (betapressin, levatol);
- bopindolol (sandonorm);
Overview of Arrhythmia Medications
|Nomination||Name of product||price|
|Class I – membrane stabilizing agents (quinidine-like) from arrhythmia||Subgroup IA: procainamide (Novocainamide, Pronestil, Cardioritmin)||110|
|subgroup IB – Lidocaine (Xylocaine, Xicaine)||43|
|Subgroup IC – Propafenone (Rhythmorm)||302|
|Separate class 1 drug from arrhythmia||ETACYSIN||1 455 ₽|
|CLASS II – beta-blockers for arrhythmias||Anaprilin, Obzidan, Tenormin, Betacard, Betalok, Egilok||24|
|Class II – drugs for arrhythmias that slow repolarization||sotalol, Amiodaron||98|
|IV class – blockers of “slow” calcium channels from arrhythmia||Verapamil, Isoptin, Finoptin||43|
|Some other remedies for arrhythmia||digoxin||30|
|Sodium channel blockers||The specified group includes quinidine, mexiletine, lidocaine, aminalin, disopyramide. Such drugs improve conduction and affect repolarization time when the myocardium relaxes after contraction.|
|Beta blockers||This class includes Bisoprolol, Metoprolol, Timolol. They are prescribed if arrhythmia is accompanied by a deterioration in the activity of the nervous system.|
|Potassium channel blockers||This group includes Amiodarone, Ibutilide, Nibentan, Sotalol. They are prescribed to normalize the work of the ventricles and atria.|
|Calcium channel blockers||Verapamil, Adenosine belong to this class. They prevent calcium from entering the cardiomyocytes, which is necessary for myocardial contraction.|
- With atrial fibrillation, sodium channel blockers are prescribed to the patient, increasing the time of repolarization. They weaken the myocardium. A frequent adverse reaction when taking them is a lack of platelets, headache, allergies. It is not recommended to take them after a heart attack. If ventricular arrhythmia occurs, the patient will benefit from drugs that reduce repolarization. Drugs affect the activity of the nervous system, can lead to fainting, seizures, epilepsy.
- With tachycardia, the patient requires drugs that do not affect repolarization. If the recommended dosage is not followed, they can cause cardiac arrest.
- Beta-blockers are used to lower blood pressure and improve cerebral circulation. They are prescribed to patients who have recently suffered a heart attack or stroke. Only a single dose is allowed. It is forbidden to use beta-blockers for the treatment of patients with bronchial asthma and severe heart failure.
- At high pressures, calcium channel blockers are effective. During treatment, it is necessary to control the pulse and pressure of the patient. In the absence of the expected result, the dosage of these medications is increased.
- Patients at risk of ventricular fibrillation are prescribed potassium channel blockers. They have a lasting effect, which manifests itself even a few months after cancellation.
First of all, potassium channel blockers are prescribed to patients, but in the absence of the expected effect, it is recommended to replace them with sodium channel blockers. Simultaneous administration of antiarrhythmic drugs and sedatives is allowed.
For many years, digoxin has been used as a medicine for the treatment of tachyarrhythmias in childhood. We currently know some limitations on this drug, especially in children with ventricular bias. Adrenergic beta-blockers, such as propranolol, atenolol, and nadolol, are considered safe and effective in controlling seizures, and in most tachyarrhythmias can be introduced as the first choice for chronic treatment. Subsequently, sodium channel blockers, amiodarone and sotalol could be used.
- side effects;
- the state of various structures of the heart;
- compatibility of drugs with each other and other drugs used by the patient.
So, patients with diabetes need to clarify whether it is possible to take “Siofor” for atrial fibrillation within the framework of the selected treatment, since this remedy reduces the effectiveness of indirect anticoagulants. In addition, the concentration in the blood of the main substance “Siofora” increases quinidine.
Supraventricular tachycardia in infants: epidemiology and clinical management. Supraventricular tachycardia due to Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome in children: early disappearance and late relapse. Idiopathic ventricular tachycardia in infancy and childhood: a multicenter study of the clinical profile and outcome. Working group on dysrimia and electrophysiology of the Association of European Pediatric Cardiology.
Pharmacological management of supraventricular tachycardia in children, atrial flutter, atrial fibrillation and interplanetary ectopic tachycardia. Infants and children with tachycardia: a natural history and administration of drugs. Pharmacological therapy in children with atrioventricular resuscitation: what drug?
Antiarrhythmic drugs for atrial fibrillation are classified in various ways, but the classification that includes 4 classes is generally accepted. They differ in the type of effect on excitation of a cardiomyocyte and conduction of a cardiac impulse.
IV class – blockers of “slow” calcium channels from arrhythmia
The most optimal in terms of safety and therapeutic effect, arrhythmia medications that affect the conduct of calcium ions are divided into 3 groups:
- Calcium antagonists.
- Calcium channel blockers.
- Channel Activators.
Medicines from this group have the following positive effects:
- expansion of cardiac vessels;
- improvement of blood circulation in the heart;
- lowering blood pressure;
- prevention of thrombosis by improving blood flow.
Each of the drugs used in antiarrhythmic therapy can have a pronounced effect on cardiac activity, therefore it is extremely important to accurately and consistently use the recommendations of a cardiologist or arrhythmologist.
With individual intolerance to the treatment of arrhythmias, tranquilizers are prescribed that restore the heart rhythm well in a short time.
The causes of intolerance depend on the characteristics of the body of a particular patient, so the type of tranquilizer should be selected by the doctor, usually patients are prescribed Xanax, Medazepam, Elenium and other drugs.
Such a medicine, prescribed against arrhythmia, lowers blood pressure, eliminates the feeling of pressure in the chest, gives a sedative and hypotensive effect.
Many tranquilizers help reduce heart rate, expand blood vessels and improve the general condition of the patient. Recent innovative drugs do not have side effects, some of them are prescribed even to older people.
Often tranquilizers are part of the treatment program for atrial fibrillation and a number of other pathological conditions, they are effective when the patient requires urgent normalization of heart rhythm.
In this case, you can take a tranquilizer prescribed by a doctor.
Since the development of arrhythmia is accompanied by a violation of metabolic processes inside the tissues or an accumulation of cholesterol plaques in the vessels, as part of complex therapy, you can drink homeopathic remedies prescribed by a specialist.
When it comes to what to take from diagnosed cardiac arrhythmias for therapeutic and prophylactic purposes, cardiologists recommend a tincture of valerian, which helps eliminate nervous agitation.
This medicine for arrhythmias is also suitable for the elderly, since it does not give strong side effects. Many homeopathic remedies, including herbal preparations and other drugs, can achieve lasting improvement after a short period of time.
First-class drugs for rhythm restoration inhibit the automatism of the main heart node – sinus. If the dose is too exceeded to toxic, then the activity of all pacemakers will disappear, and the heart will stop. There are three subclasses: 1a, 1c and 1c. Their influence on the action potential of the myocardium is different. So, preparations of subclass 1 increase it, reduce the 2nd, and group 1C does not.
The medicine is produced in capsules, and in tablets, and in slow-release tablets, and in ampoules for intravenous administration. Procainamide reduces conductivity in almost all parts of the heart. These are ventricles, atria, structures slightly lower than the atrioventricular node. An important property of this medication is that it increases the fibrillation threshold, but this is with intravenous administration, but tablets have a short effect of increasing the ventricular fibrillation threshold.
Novocainamide suppresses the fourth phase of depolarization, and helps with those arrhythmias when the automatism of the sinus node is increased. The effect of this medication is dose-dependent, and the active metabolite that forms in the liver exhibits an antiarrhythmic effect. However, there is a danger of a sharp decrease in pressure, as the peripheral vessels expand.
After taking the tablets, the effect begins somewhere after 10 minutes, and with intravenous administration, immediately. The maximum action is after an hour and a half, and the duration of the entire action is from 5 to 10 hours. Arrhythmologists note that short courses of treatment are better tolerated than long ones. But if you prescribe it for a very long time, then the risk of developing systemic lupus erythematosus increases, even if it helps very well.
A very important point in the appointment of this drug is the early postoperative period in patients after coronary artery bypass grafting due to coronary heart disease. If it is prescribed to patients within 4 days after surgery, then the risk of such a rhythm disturbance as atrial fibrillation and ventricular tachycardia is significantly reduced.
Novocainamide is strictly contraindicated in cases of deep heart block, the presence of systemic lupus erythematosus, and cardiac glycosides. A side effect may be an acute drop in blood pressure, headache, agranulocytosis and other conditions.
When treating with Novocainamide, special precautions must be observed. This is the control of serum creatinine, regular blood tests, the study of titers of antinuclear antibodies to systemic lupus erythematosus. The Novokainamide Russian association “Organika” produces, one pack of tablets costs 120 rubles.
Of course, lidocaine is much more widely known as a local anesthetic, for example, for small operations in dentistry. It is also an effective antiarrhythmic that blocks, unlike novocainamide, not only open channels for sodium, but also those that are inactivated. Preparations of this class practically do not affect the conductivity inside the heart and therefore do not affect the broadening of the ventricular complex QRS (the reduction time does not increase).
Lidocaine selectively affects damaged myocardial tissue, for example, with ischemia, and forms foci of local blockade of the impulse. It is important that lidocaine almost does not affect the tone of the autonomic nervous system, unlike novocainamide, it does not lower blood pressure and does not reduce the cardiac output fraction.
Lidocaine, like other drugs of this class, is indicated for the development of ventricular arrhythmias against the background of acute myocardial infarction, ventricular arrhythmias due to an overdose of cardiac glycosides, with the so-called digitalis intoxication. Indications – and other ventricular rhythm disturbances, such as extrasystoles, tachycardia.
Resuscitators are very fond of using lidocaine if there is a rhythm disturbance during the operation, or for example, cardiac catheterization. Lidocaine is always intravenous administration; patients do not receive the drug at home in tablets. Enter it within 3-4 minutes, you can not enter quickly, because you can quickly get into the toxic dose range.
Patients with atrioventricular block, with Wolf-Parkinson-White syndrome, are not allowed to take lidocaine. If you recall, the previous drug, procainamide, was shown for this disease, despite the fact that the drugs belong to the same class, but to different subgroups. Lidocaine should not be prescribed to people with serious liver disease, and local anesthetics with the addition of adrenaline cannot be especially combined, since there is a pronounced risk of vasoconstriction and the development of ischemia.
Side effects of lidocaine are dose related, and bradycardia and sinus node arrest are possible. There is drowsiness and headache, numbness of the limbs, paresthesia, double vision and twitching of muscles. Since lidocaine can interact with other antiarrhythmic drugs, with the same novocainamide, it is strictly forbidden to independently attach any second drug to it without consulting an arrhythmologist.
Lidocaine is one of the most inexpensive drugs, and you can buy it in almost any pharmacy, of course, not as an antiarrhythmic drug, but as a means for local anesthesia. It is not intended for home use in Russia. 10 ampoules of 2 ml of 2% lidocaine produced by the domestic company Biosynthesis can be purchased even for 20 rubles.
Medications for restoring rhythm from this subgroup prevent the operation of fast sodium channels in the myocardium, do not affect the speed of the action potential, but they slow down the conduction of the pulse through some beams. This is clearly visible on the ECG. The appointment of propafenone leads to an extension of the contraction of the ventricles, which is manifested by the expansion of the ventricular complex.
Tranquilizers can restore heart rate, lowering blood pressure. They are especially effective in situations where an allergy has occurred to other drugs with a similar effect. Medicines have proven themselves in the treatment of the following diseases:
- atrial fibrillation;
- with diseases of the coronary vessels;
- with organic heart lesions.
The group of tranquilizers that can be used for arrhythmias include: Xanax, Elenium, Diazepam, Grandaxin, Seduxen. The patient should take tranquilizers in a hospital setting.
Separate class 1 drug from arrhythmia – Etatsizin
The most unfavorable effect of Etatsizin administration is considered to be arterial hypotension, which in combination with inhibition of intraventricular and atrioventricular conduction can further aggravate the situation. Therefore, against the background of low pressure, you have to abandon this drug, despite its advantages.
It is administered intravenously, rather slowly at a rate of 10 mg per minute. In tablets of 50 mg – 3 times a day, but not more than 200 mg per day. It can also have a dangerous proarrhythmic effect, cause shortness of breath and palpitations, and can lead to pulmonary embolism and even myocardial infarction if used in high doses.
In general, it should be said that after studies conducted in the last decades of the 1th century, it became known that class 1 antiarrhythmic drugs can increase the mortality of patients with arrhythmias if they are used continuously and for a long time. Currently, class drugs are rarely used, and only with the aim of eliminating the symptoms of arrhythmia, or to maintain a normal, sinus rhythm in patients with atrial fibrillation in the presence of a healthy heart (without organic changes – camera dilatation, hypertrophy, valve anomalies). They are not used to increase the life expectancy of patients, and are not prescribed to those people who have a high risk of sudden death.
What replaced these funds, which were widely used in the eighties? The revolution was made by the development of medical technology: the appearance of defibrillators, cardioverter, the emergence of new, minimally invasive surgical interventions on the cardiac conduction system, and the introduction of new drugs into clinical practice.
In the treatment of arrhythmias, medications are used that have an analgesic effect. Lidocaine and Novocainamide possess such properties. They affect mainly the ventricles, and are used for such pathologies:
- ventricular fibrillation;
- ventricular extrasystoles;
- ventricular fibrillation.
They are released only in the form of injections. Anesthetics are characterized by a quick result, but it only works for a short time.
Of the adverse reactions when taking anesthetics, allergies are most often noted.
Sedatives have sedative properties. Their intake improves sleep, normalizes heart rate. They can be used in the form of tablets or tinctures.
If side effects occur in the patient, sedatives are canceled. The following drugs are popular sedative medicines:
- Antares – the drug is used daily, is available in the form of tablets. The treatment course is 10 days.
- Altalex – the medication contains natural essential oils, they are added to tea for 10-20 drops, depending on the doctor’s recommendations.
- Sanosan – the medicine contains valerian and hops, taken before bedtime.
- Novo-Passit is a medication consisting of plant extracts of elderberry, St. John’s wort, hop, passionflower, and hawthorn. You need to drink it for 1 teaspoon, clearly following the instructions.
The action of these drugs is aimed at inhibiting the nervous system. They relieve nervousness and only help relieve symptoms of arrhythmia. For this reason, they are used only in combination with antiarrhythmic drugs.
Typically, the treatment of heart rhythm disorders is a complex based on the analysis by a doctor of a combination of a variety of factors. The most significant in this context in the clinic is the influence of individual tolerance of drugs, the type and etiology of arrhythmias, the number and depth of concomitant diseases, contraindications and side effects. The most severe types of pathology and the lack of proper effects of conservative treatment require surgical intervention.
Today, clinicians share two main groups of medicines. First of all, they start the treatment of central nervous system functions.
Natural and synthetic sedatives to reduce the reaction of the nervous system, aggravating arrhythmic manifestations. About natural remedies mentioned above – these are the fruits of hawthorn, motherwort herb, peony root and valerian, the well-known Persen drug. The arsenal of artificially synthesized medications includes:
- “Relanium” stabilizes the neurotic state during stress and overexcitation. The tablet preparation has a significant list of contraindications and side effects on the body. Apply only as directed by a doctor.
- Diazepam is a direct analogue of Relanium, but with a slightly milder effect. The contraindications are the same.
- “Phenobarbital” reduces cramps, pills have sedative and sedative effects. A side effect occurs with allergies. The course of treatment is prescribed by the attending cardiologist.
In addition, Corvalol and Valoserdin are often used to reduce pain during an arrhythmia attack.
Homeopathy is successfully used for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. At the same time, there is practically no negative effect.
A patient with arrhythmia can use these recipes:
- Kalina. When rubbing 0,5 kg of berries with 2 liters of water, an excellent tool is obtained to improve heart rate. You can use it after 8 hours, adding a little honey. Drink it 3 receptions. 70 mg per day. The course of treatment is 1 month.
- Calendula A broth is prepared from it, a bay of 1 tsp. dried flowers with a glass of boiling water. Take 3 p. in a day.
- Rosehip. A decoction of it is prepared according to the following recipe: 1 tbsp. fruit pour 200 ml of water. The drug is drunk before meals, 1,2 cups.
- Melissa For broth take 1 tbsp. l plant materials, pouring it with 300 ml of boiling water. Take 100 mg 3 p. in a day.
- Black currant . Juice is effective against arrhythmias. He needs to drink 50 ml of 3 r. in a day.
- Horsetail. The infusion is prepared in this way: 1 tsp. raw materials pour a glass of boiling water. Use 1 tbsp. l 5 p. in a day.
- Hawthorn. A decoction is prepared from the plant according to this recipe: 1 tsp. 300 ml of water is poured into the flowers and brought to a boil. Take it before meals 3 p. in a day.
- Knapweed . A healing effect for the heart and blood vessels has an infusion made from dried flowers. They need 1 tsp. 1 liter of boiling water. Drink the resulting product three times a day, 50 ml.
Other medicines for arrhythmia
Arrhythmia is a collective concept that characterizes diseases accompanied by a disturbance in the rhythm of heart contractions. Even with minor attacks of tachycardia, bradycardia, weakness, dizziness, and a feeling of lack of air appear. And ventricular fibrillation is an emergency.
A radical method of therapy is the installation of a pacemaker. This is a minimally invasive, but still surgical intervention. Therefore, at the initial stage of the development of the disease, treatment is carried out using antiarrhythmic drugs.
Currently, in clinical practice, medicines with a different mechanism of action are used. But they all have the following impact:
- Reduce myocardial excitability.
- Slow down conduction in various parts of the system of the heart membranes and muscles.
- Reduce the heart rate by reducing the excitability of pacemakers, which is effective for tachycardia.
- Reduce contractile force of the heart muscles.
A cardiologist prescribes drugs for arrhythmia based on the patient’s diagnosis, the reasons for the violation. Self-administration of such medications is dangerous to health.
When diagnosing arrhythmias, the patient must have antiarrhythmic and sedatives prescribed by a doctor. It is advisable to carry one of the following drugs: Corvalol, Novo-Passit, Antares, Persen.
Vitamins should be present in the first-aid kit of a patient with arrhythmia. Vitamin E (tocopherol) is useful for the heart and blood vessels. It improves blood circulation and reduces blood coagulation. When taking the drug, you must consider that it is fat soluble.
Vitamin P (rutin) is also beneficial. It restores blood circulation and strengthens blood vessels. In addition, it is noted that it improves the nutrition of heart tissues.
Vitamin C has the same properties, but also lowers blood cholesterol.
The patient may also be prescribed iron preparations, which are necessary to supply oxygen to the cells. One of the medicines must be present in the first-aid kit: Ferrovit-S, Ferlatum-Fall, Supra Vit Zhelez, Rotafer.
The patient must be monitored so that all drugs are in sufficient quantities. They need to be carried with you.
Doctor’s advice on the use of medicines
To reduce the likelihood of side effects, you do not need to combine independently medications prescribed against arrhythmia with other drugs. They are replaced with an analog only in agreement with your doctor. For this reason, if the recommended therapy for the patient is too expensive, you need to see a doctor to replace the drug.
|If the patient has been prescribed many drugs||It is recommended to have a special diary in which you should take each drug. You can keep records on the sheets of the tear-off calendar. The main thing is to note all the medications taken.|
|Heart attack patients||You need to be careful. They should take these medicines regularly. It can be noted on the calendar when the necessary drug ends in order to acquire it in a timely manner.|
|Some anti-arrhythmia drugs narrow the bronchi||Therefore, for diseases of the respiratory tract, it is not recommended to use them.|
|Only drink water with tablets||Since juice, tea and coffee affect the metabolism of drugs. They affect the digestibility of such drugs.|
|Before a long trip or vacation||A patient with arrhythmia should take care that the medications he needs are enough.|
In pharmacies, pills with special cells are sold, even with a sound signal. This device reminds you that you need to drink a certain drug. Tablets are recommended to lay out in the evening. It is better not to get them out of the package, but cut it off with a cachet.
Thus, treatment of atrial fibrillation with pills is a common method at home (“a pill in your pocket”). Such therapy is aimed at stabilizing the heart rhythm and preventing its violation.
For this, antiarrhythmic drugs and cardiac glycosides are prescribed. It is also important to prevent complications, for which anticoagulants are prescribed. Another therapeutic area is improving the nutrition of the heart muscle with metabolic drugs.
But the patient should not decide for atrial fibrillation which medicine to use, how to combine the drugs. Even a doctor often has to draw up a treatment regimen by the selection method taking into account the reaction of the body.
Modern achievements of pharmacology – drugs from arrhythmia and tachycardia in clinical medicine are the most popular segment of drugs. Nowadays, when the most dangerous pathologies, which until recently were the priority of the elderly, are rapidly growing younger, high-quality and highly effective medicines are more gentle than ever.
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Arrhythmia in the absence of therapy leads to serious complications. Most often, the patient has a heart attack or stroke. Antiarrhythmic medicines can prevent the occurrence of these diseases, and accelerate recovery. The patient should take such drugs daily according to the schedule prescribed by the doctor. Deviations from it are not allowed. If drug therapy fails, an operation is performed.
Detonic – a unique medicine that helps fight hypertension at all stages of its development.
The complex effect of plant components of the drug Detonic on the walls of blood vessels and the autonomic nervous system contribute to a rapid decrease in blood pressure. In addition, this drug prevents the development of atherosclerosis, thanks to the unique components that are involved in the synthesis of lecithin, an amino acid that regulates cholesterol metabolism and prevents the formation of atherosclerotic plaques.
Detonic not addictive and withdrawal syndrome, since all components of the product are natural.
Detailed information about Detonic is located on the manufacturer’s page.