Diet and proper nutrition for renal colic

The human body is designed in such a way that it signals any disturbances in the work of various organs with the most reliable method that can attract attention – pain. It is pain syndrome that can make a person pay attention to health problems, forcing him to seek medical help.

One of the most common pain sensations is renal colic. Kidney disease is very common and pain is extremely difficult to ignore.

Renal colic

Renal colic is an acute attack of severe pain, localized in the lumbar region, resulting from a malfunction of the urinary tract.

There can be many reasons for provoking such an acute state of the body, however, the main reason for the appearance of pain syndrome, most often, is the presence of calculus (stones) in the kidneys or ureter. As a rule, it is with the migration of calculi, as well as the blockage of the ureter, that an attack develops. Painful sensations may increase with sudden or dynamic movements.

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  • Sharp, sudden cutting pain. Most often, it is localized in the lower back, can be given to the groin, hypochondrium, upper legs, and to the genitals.
  • Sharp pain in the urethra may occur.
  • Frequent urge to urinate.
  • Perhaps the appearance of nausea, vomiting, bloating.
  • Pain syndrome does not depend on body position.

A prolonged attack can cause an increase in blood pressure. With renal colic, it is the sudden pain that is characteristic that does not subside with a change in body position. The attack may be cramping or continuous.

Requires immediate hospitalization for medical attention. Before the arrival of doctors, it is permissible to take spasmolytics, but only on the condition that inflammation of the internal organs, appendicitis is excluded.

If the attack is accompanied by a significant increase in temperature, then most likely this indicates the addition of a bacterial infection, as well as possible pyelonephritis.

To relieve a painful attack, you need warmth, a hot bath, a heating pad, but, just like when taking spasms, it is important to exclude other inflammatory processes, otherwise you can cause irreparable harm to health. That is why you should not endure the pain for a long time, especially when the condition worsens and additional symptoms appear, you should immediately call emergency help.

First of all, it is necessary to undergo a complete medical examination, including ultrasound, a full range of tests and consultations of the necessary specialists. It is very important to directly determine the cause of renal colic, only a doctor can prescribe a competent treatment.

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General dietary guidelines

To prevent attacks of renal colic, it is necessary to follow a number of dietary recommendations in order to exclude recurrence of a painful attack.

The basic rule is to reduce your protein intake as much as possible and reduce the overall calorie intake of food. It is necessary to forget about too fatty foods, and even more so fried; salty, spicy and smoked foods are also unacceptable. Limit the amount of salt and give preference to baked, steamed and boiled dishes.

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You need to eat fractionally, but regularly, with an interval of no more than 4 hours. Overeating is unacceptable, it is better to eat often, but little by little.

It is very important to maintain the correct water balance – daily water consumption should be about 3 liters. Self-prepared fruit drinks, especially cranberry and lingonberry fruit drinks, can have a very beneficial effect on the kidneys.

Since the most common cause of renal colic is urolithiasis, it is very important to follow a diet to prevent an attack. It is nutrition that is the main treatment and prevention, therefore it is very important to follow certain recommendations and restrictions in the diet.

  • A variety of vegetables, boiled or steamed.
  • Light vegetable soups.
  • Porridge cooked in water.
  • Various fruits.
  • Not too fresh bread.
  • Hard pasta.
  • Moderate consumption of dairy products with low fat content is allowed.
  • Drink about 3 liters of water daily.
  • You can diversify the menu with a small amount of meat and fish, but they should be boiled, baked or steamed.

Prohibited products

There are foods that should be completely excluded from the diet, because even in the smallest doses, they can provoke an acute attack of pain and have an extremely negative effect on health.

It is worth excluding from the daily menu:

  • Salty and spicy.
  • Fatty foods.
  • Roast.
  • Smoked.
  • Alcohol.
  • Strong tea, coffee, cocoa.
  • Carbonated drinks.
  • Seasonings and sauces.
  • Flour and confectionery products.
  • Mushrooms, various legumes.
  • Exclude pickles, canned food, and pickled foods.
  • Fatty meats, fish.
  • Meat broths.

Diet itself is not a treatment for the kidneys and urinary tract, but it is an important concomitant to achieve maximum therapeutic effect. Proper balanced nutrition and exclusion of unacceptable foods from the diet – significantly reduce the likelihood of subsequent attacks of renal colic.

Nutrition for kidney stones

The list of acceptable and prohibited products is subject to change. If colic occurs due to kidney stones, then the menu is drawn up based on the type of stones:

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  • Oxalate stones are the most common. If stones of this type are found, it is worth limiting the use of foods containing a large amount of vitamin C. It is also recommended to exclude foods containing a lot of oxalic acid.
  • Urate stones. If during the examination urate stones were found, it is important to exclude fatty meat, chocolate, cocoa, nuts, ice cream and berries from the diet. Moderate consumption of dairy and fermented milk products, poultry and various plant foods is allowed. The main rule is to drink plenty of fluids.
  • Phosphate stones. In this case, the recommendations differ significantly. For example, it is necessary to eat foods high in vitamin C, fat, meat and poultry, cereals, oil and even legumes are also allowed. Prohibited are coffee, potatoes, milk, fish, nuts. It is recommended to drink as much sour compotes and juices as possible.

    Sample menu for the day

    Among the general recommendations, with renal colic, it is advised to adhere to a special diet, the so-called table number 10. This diet is aimed at lowering calories and has a positive effect not only on the kidneys, but also on the liver, cardiovascular system, and significantly improves blood circulation.

    An approximate menu for the day looks like this:

    • 1st breakfast – vegetable salad with meat, oatmeal, tea.
    • 2nd breakfast – grated apple.
    • Lunch – vegetable borscht (no meat and no meat broth), a small portion.
    • Afternoon snack – a glass of rosehip broth.
    • Dinner – baked or boiled fish, mashed potatoes, carrot and cottage cheese zrazy ½ portion, tea.
    • Before going to bed – 200 grams of kefir.

    More accurate recommendations on the menu can only be made by a specialist, after a full range of necessary examinations and an accurate diagnosis.

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    Tatyana Jakowenko

    Editor-in-chief of the Detonic online magazine, cardiologist Yakovenko-Plahotnaya Tatyana. Author of more than 950 scientific articles, including in foreign medical journals. He has been working as a cardiologist in a clinical hospital for over 12 years. He owns modern methods of diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases and implements them in his professional activities. For example, it uses methods of resuscitation of the heart, decoding of ECG, functional tests, cyclic ergometry and knows echocardiography very well.

    For 10 years, she has been an active participant in numerous medical symposia and workshops for doctors - families, therapists and cardiologists. He has many publications on a healthy lifestyle, diagnosis and treatment of heart and vascular diseases.

    He regularly monitors new publications of European and American cardiology journals, writes scientific articles, prepares reports at scientific conferences and participates in European cardiology congresses.