Cortical cerebral atrophy of the brain

The main causes of the disease are called a genetic predisposition and acquired diseases. The second includes:

  1. Atherosclerotic lesion of cerebral vessels. The death of brain cells begins when atherosclerotic deposits, causing a narrowing of the lumen of blood vessels, cause a decrease in trophic neurons, and subsequently, as the disease progresses, and their death. The process is disseminated in nature. Atrophy of the brain caused by atherosclerotic vascular lesions is one of the special cases of ischemic atrophy.
  2. Chronic intoxication effects. The death of nerve cells of the brain with this form of the disease is caused by the harmful effects of toxic substances on them. Alcohol, drugs, some of the pharmaceuticals, and nicotine can influence in a similar way. The most striking examples of this group of diseases can be considered alcoholic and narcotic encephalopathies, when atrophic changes in the brain are represented by smoothing of the convolutions and a decrease in the thickness of the cortex of the hemispheres, as well as subcortical formations.
  3. Residual effects of traumatic brain injury. Hypotrophy and atrophy of the brain as a long-term consequence of a head injury are usually local in nature. Nerve cell death occurs in a damaged area of ​​the brain; in their place subsequently cystic formations, glial foci or scars are formed. This atrophy is called post-traumatic.
  4. Chronic cerebrovascular insufficiency. The most common causes of this condition are atherosclerotic process, which reduces the patency of cerebral vessels; arterial hypertension and age-related decrease in vascular elasticity of the cerebral capillary bed.
  5. Degenerative diseases of the nervous tissue. These include Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, Pick’s disease, cerebral degeneration with Levy bodies and others. A clear answer about the reasons for the development of this group of diseases does not exist today. These diseases have a common feature in the form of gradually developing atrophy of various parts of the brain, are diagnosed in elderly patients and in total make up about 70 percent of cases of senile dementia.
  6. Intracranial hypertension. Compression of the brain substance with a long-existing increase in intracranial pressure can lead to atrophic changes in the substance of the brain. A good example is the case of secondary malnutrition and cerebral atrophy in children with a congenital form of hydrocephalus.
  7. Genetic predisposition. Today, clinicians are aware of several dozen genetically determined diseases, one of the features of which are atrophic changes in the substance of the brain. One example is Huntington’s chorea.

People older than 50 years are most susceptible to cortical atrophy, however, disorders can also be congenital due to the presence of a genetic predisposition.

Examples of a process in which both hemispheres of the brain are affected are Alzheimer’s disease and senile dementia. In this case, complete dementia is observed with a pronounced form of atrophy. Foci of destruction, which are small in size, often do not affect a person’s mental abilities.

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Causes of

– poor oxygen saturation of the blood, leading to chronic ischemic phenomena in nerve tissues;

– genetic predisposition to atrophic phenomena;

– deterioration of the regenerative abilities of the body;

– decrease in mental stress.

Sometimes atrophic phenomena develop in a more mature age. The reasons for such changes can be trauma accompanied by cerebral edema, systematic exposure to toxic substances (alcoholism), tumors or cysts, neurosurgical surgery.

Symptoms

– the appearance of periodic headaches and dizziness (stage 2);

– violation of mental and analytical ability, change in speech, habits and sometimes handwriting (stage 3);

– at stage 4, there is a violation of fine motor skills of hands and coordination of movements – a sick person can forget basic skills (using a toothbrush, the purpose of a television remote control);

Treatment

– drugs that improve blood circulation and brain metabolism (for example, Piracetam, Cerepro, Ceraxon, Cerebrolysin). Taking drugs of this group leads to a significant improvement in the mental abilities of a person;

– antioxidants that have a stimulating effect on regenerative processes that slow down brain atrophy and stimulate the metabolic rate, counteracting free oxygen radicals;

– drugs that improve blood microcirculation. Often prescribed the drug “Trental”, which has a vasodilating effect and increases the lumen of the capillaries.

Also in the process of treatment, you need to monitor the neuropsychic state of the patient. Necessary moderate physical activity, systematic walking in the fresh air. If the patient’s condition can be classified as neurasthenic, the doctor recommends taking light sedatives.

Atrophy of the brain is not a separate pathology. This is a process in which necrosis of nerve cells gradually develops, the convolutions are smoothed out, the cerebral cortex is flattened, and the organ is reduced. As a result of this, all important functions of the organ are disrupted, and the intellect is particularly affected.

Over the years, atrophic changes begin in the brain of every person. But they do not have severe symptoms and proceed almost imperceptibly. An organ begins to age when a person is 50 years old. At the same time, its mass decreases over several decades. This leads to the fact that a person becomes grouchy, irritable, tearful, impatient, intellect worsens.

But, if atrophic changes arise as a result of age-related processes in the body, then neurological and psychological disorders do not develop, and a person will not suffer dementia.

If such signs occur in a child or a young person, then it is necessary to undergo an examination and determine the root cause of atrophic changes in the brain. There are a lot of such pathologies.

What is cortical atrophy?

I suppose readers are familiar with the term “atrophy” in relation to other diseases, but what does cerebral atrophy mean? Cerebral atrophy is the death of nerve cells, neurons.

Let me remind you that in the human brain there are 85-100 billion of them. Forming the nervous system, neurons receive and process incoming information, respond to external and internal influences, and thereby determine the activity of the body. Like any other organ, the brain also ages, and somewhere after 50-55 years a gradual atrophy of nerve cells begins.

Indeed, until recently, it was believed that this was impossible. However, neuroscientists have proved that the reverse process is also possible – the formation of new neurons, it is called neurogenesis. Thus, the human nervous system under certain conditions can self-repair, which is especially important for severe neurological diseases, after injuries.

But, unfortunately, with age, from the brain, figuratively speaking, it still pours out more than it pours. There are fewer patients with cerebral atrophy, although this is due, in general, to a good trend – an increase in life expectancy.

If in 2000 there were 600 million people who were over sixty, then in 2009 this number doubled, and by 2050 it will reach 2 billion. This means that there are more and more patients with “age-related” diseases. In addition, in the past two decades, in connection with the development of computed and magnetic resonance imaging, cerebral atrophy began to be diagnosed at earlier stages of the disease, when moderate cognitive impairment only manifests itself, as the author writes about a doctor. But, you must admit, a patient in her 49 years old cannot be called a “patient aged,” especially when you consider that she has been sick for more than a year.

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Cerebral atrophy sometimes develops in fairly young people against a background of hereditary predisposition. And then any external or internal factors become a kind of trigger for the progression of the disease.

It can be severe strokes, chronic vascular diseases of the central nervous system, in particular, discirculatory encephalopathy, as well as poorly treated hypertension, which provokes a number of conditions that destroy the brain. By the way, steadily low blood pressure, as well as pathology of the thyroid gland, can also lead to cerebral atrophy.

Less commonly, the disease is caused by infectious processes, for example, encephalomyelitis, meningoencephapitis, herpetic encephalitis . Among other factors contributing to the death of neurons are traumatic brain injuries, especially repeated ones, alcohol abuse, drugs, smoking.

Cortical atrophy is a destructive process that occurs in the cerebral cortex. To a greater extent, this phenomenon is observed in old age, but can also be associated with pathological changes that occur in the body.

Localization of deviations falls on the frontal lobes, which are responsible for the thought process and control behavior and planning.

In many cases, other parts of the brain may be affected, but this is rare.

Atrophy of the brain is of great danger to older people, since it is during this period that the disease begins to progress slowly. Women are more likely to be ill than men. As a result, senile dementia occurs.

Cortical atrophy can occur in only a recently born child, but such deviations are associated with severe heredity.

How many live with such a disease is definitely hard to say. It all depends on its clinical presentation and degree of course.

Adequate treatment for cortical atrophy

Although the disease is considered incurable, there are many means that significantly slow its progression. I will name the main ones. First of all, this is the drug memantine, (akatinol memantine, noojeron), which, acting on certain mechanisms, enhances the spread of nerve impulses and increases cognitive functions of the brain. The patient improves memory, increases daily activity.

Another group of drugs is cholinesterase inhibitors. These drugs slow down the breakdown of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine, which is involved in the transmission of impulses in different parts of the brain and, in particular, affects memory retention. Such medications are prescribed by the doctor, taking into account the patient’s condition. The well-known drug cerebrolysin, which was recommended to the author of the letter, is also indicated in the treatment of cerebral atrophy.

According to the patient, she was prescribed cerebrolysin in a dosage of 1 ml in a course of 10 days. But this is no good! Such a dose is indicated for infants if brain atrophy is diagnosed at birth. And to appoint an adult a cube of cerebrolysin not only for this pathology, but also for any other neurological disease – it’s the same as shooting an elephant with a pellet.

The patient generally requires a dosage of 10-30 ml intravenously, drip, preferably in combination with memantine and cholinesterase inhibitors. I also advise her to be examined and treated properly.

The presence of brain pathology is determined by a single instrumental diagnostic procedure. In the case of an inaccurate result and the need to clarify the degree of damage, several methods are assigned. The methods are as follows:

  1. CT (computed tomography), which helps to detect vascular abnormalities, neoplasms that impede blood flow. One of the most informative is multispiral CT, which detects even the first signs of cerebral atrophy of the brain.
  2. MRI (magnetic resonance imaging), not only reveals the early stages of brain disorders, but also tracks the progress of the disease, including cerebral atrophy.

The treatment of cerebral atrophy aims at eliminating the symptoms and controlling the spread of necrosis. Early symptoms do not suggest medication (eliminating bad habits and negative factors, good nutrition works well).

There are no therapeutic methods that reverse the process of necrosis, therefore, all efforts are aimed at improving the patient’s condition, slowing the necrosis of brain cells and alleviating the manifestations of the disease.

For therapy use:

  1. Psychotropic drugs that help cope with psycho-emotional disorders (antidepressants, sedatives, and lung tranquilizers).
  2. Medicines to stimulate hematopoietic functions and improve blood circulation, which helps to saturate the tissues with oxygen and, therefore, slows down the death (Trental).
  3. Nootropic drugs that also improve blood circulation and metabolism, but also have a good effect on mental activity (Piracetam, Cerebrolysin).
  4. Antihypertensive drugs. Among the factors provoking necrosis is hypertension. Normalization of pressure does not allow changes to progress rapidly.
  5. Diuretic drugs in the presence of hydrocephalus.
  6. Antiplatelet agents with increased thrombosis.
  7. Statins (to normalize fat metabolism) in atherosclerosis.
  8. Antioxidants that stimulate regeneration and metabolism, to some extent opposing atrophic processes.
  9. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, often used to eliminate headaches. There is a clear need for understanding and active participation of relatives in the rehabilitation of a patient with cerebral atrophy.
  • fresh air and walks;
  • methodical physical activity and massage in the absence of contraindications;
  • communication, avoiding leaving the patient alone;
  • accustoming to self-care, even if symptoms progress.

A good atmosphere, a positive attitude, the elimination of stresses have a beneficial effect on the patient’s well-being with cerebral atrophy and stop the development of the disease.

Atrophy of the brain is not characterized by a positive prognosis, because it is an incurable ailment that always ends in death, and there is only a difference in its duration. The death of nerve cells does not stop in the event of a start.

The most dangerous factors include hereditary causes of brain pathology, leading to death in a matter of years. With vascular pathology, the course of the disease can reach 10-20 years.

In the treatment of atrophy of the cerebral cortex, methods are used to eliminate the causes of the disease. For stroke, thrombolytics are prescribed that dissolve blood clots to restore cerebral blood supply. Surgical operations are performed to remove blood clots and treat damaged vessels. Drugs to lower blood pressure, including some birth control (OK), allow you to effectively prevent stroke. To reduce the consequences of severe traumatic brain injuries, operations are also successfully carried out to avoid additional damage to brain cells.

Multiple sclerosis, one of the common factors of cerebral atrophy, is treated with modulating drugs: Okrelizumab, Fingolimod, glatiramer acetate. These are new drugs that prevent autoimmune processes, thereby saving brain cells from destruction. Antiviral drugs help prevent or stop atrophy in AIDS, encephalitis and other infectious diseases of the brain.

Steroids, drugs based on monoclonal antibodies, effectively treat autoimmune encephalitis. To prevent syphilis from causing cortical atrophy of the brain, it is important to use antibiotics. There is no specific treatment for neurogenerative diseases (Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s disease), however, neuroprotective drugs and other drugs are used to mitigate the manifestations of the disease and reduce the rate of progression. Patients with cortical atrophy of the brain may need doctors of several profiles and other specialists:

  • neurologist;
  • psychiatrist;
  • district therapist;
  • a nurse who can be called home;
  • physiotherapist;
  • master for professional finger and toe care;
  • nutritionist;
  • an audiologist (if there are hearing problems).

Methods of treating cortical atrophy of the brain:

  1. Medicines Assigned to relieve secondary disorders caused by brain atrophy, such as depression and anxiety.
  2. Cognitive-behavioral therapy and physiotherapy. They help maintain or restore lost skills.

In the later stages (usually with atrophy 3 and 4 degrees), people can not always fully live in society, to satisfy basic needs. Relatives, after consulting a doctor with a neurologist, need to develop a plan for caring for a sick person. If there is a material opportunity, you can order a number of services that allow you to provide comfort to the patient and free up some of your personal time from those who care for him. Options for services that can greatly simplify caring for a person:

  1. Improvement or adaptation of furniture to the needs of a patient with brain atrophy. The occupational therapist will determine if safety features are required, such as a bath seat, extra railing or handles.
  2. Regular delivery of balanced and properly prepared food especially for a person with a diagnosis of cortical cerebral atrophy. Balanced medical nutrition can be ordered on the sites or look for individual dishes / products in online stores.
  3. Patient care staff (nurse or nurse). You can order not only nursing care, but also help with cleaning, shopping, cooking. The staff is hired not only on a full day / night, but also on a short-term basis, depending on the amount of work and the nature of the assignments.
  4. Specialized centers (boarding houses) for treatment and rehabilitation provide full patient care, employees themselves think through the points listed above. Patients can spend their whole lives in such institutions, however, in many boarding houses there is an opportunity to leave a sick relative at any time with daily payment.
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In an individual situation, other measures may be required. Due to the partial or complete preservation of memory, the ability to communicate and personal insight during generalized cerebral atrophy of degrees 1-2, patients are shown individual and group sessions of psychological therapy, participation in mutual support groups.

Meetings with people who also suffer from severe abnormalities associated with the destruction of brain cells are organized by charitable foundations or by the patients themselves. Participation in such projects helps prevent social exclusion, share experiences, or seek advice from others to ease the difficulties of diagnosis and the daily lives of patients and their relatives.

People who have problems with the perception of reality due to atrophic processes in the brain successfully use gadgets and services for people with intellectual disabilities:

  • talking clock;
  • programs that allow you to set commands using voice;
  • mobile phones with a simplified interface and visual prompts;
  • audio books and audio manuals.

In case of severe ophthalmological, cognitive and motor problems, after consultation with a neurologist, psychiatrist, ophthalmologist and necessary diagnostic examinations, a patient with a diagnosis of brain atrophy may receive a disability group. Advice to a patient with cortical atrophy of the brain! Give priority to activities that are important to you and your loved ones.

Sometimes you have to change interests in accordance with intellectual abilities, which are gradually dying away. Focus on your benefits. Continue to do the work that does not bring difficulties and gives positive emotions. It’s useful to lead a familiar lifestyle, while taking help from your loved ones when you need it.

Types of atrophy

  1. Alzheimer’s disease.
  2. Peak’s disease.
  3. Insanity is senile dementia.

Types of pathology are determined by the location and degree of death of brain cells.

The area of ​​destruction of cells is located in the cerebellum – the center of coordination. The ailment is accompanied by a change in muscle tone, the inability to keep the head straight and a violation of the coordination of body position.

People with cerebellar atrophy lose their ability to take care of themselves: movements are often uncontrollable, and limbs tremble when performing actions.

Speech is broken: it slows down and becomes chanted. In addition to specific symptoms, destruction of the cortex causes headaches, dizziness, drowsiness, and apathy.

As atrophy rises, the pressure inside the skull rises. Cranial nerves, which can immobilize the muscles of the eyes, are often paralyzed. Basal reflexes also disappear.

Pathology is manifested by degradation of personality. A sick person loses the ability to control his behavior, criticism decreases in relation to his condition. Cognitive abilities decrease: thinking, memory, attention – quantitative properties of these mental processes (speed, pace, concentration, volume) are violated.

Intellectual insufficiency is growing. With the dynamics of atrophy, the ability to abstract logical thinking decreases. Difficulties in understanding professional terminology, the ability to solve standard and everyday tasks is hindered.

Violation of trophy hooks the sphere of higher skills. Patients forget how to tie shoelaces, cook food. Musicians forget chords, artists – how to brush, writers – in what order the words of the sentence should be.

As the pathology deepens, patients lose the ability to perform elementary actions: brush their teeth, hold a spoon, look around when crossing the road.

The outcome of the disease is social degradation, deep infantilism and dementia. Such people are hospitalized in a psychiatric hospital, and then sent to boarding schools.

By cortical subatrophy is meant a partial malnutrition of the brain substance, in which the cognitive abilities of the nervous system are only partially lost. We can say that this is atrophy of the entire brain of a mild degree.

Diffuse atrophy

Pathology begins with damage to the cerebellar substance: coordination and accuracy of movements are disturbed. As you progress, organic changes appear. This includes cerebrovascular accident. Symptoms most often have no specifics, mainly cognitive sphere of the psyche worsens.

The disease appears mainly after traumatic brain injury and hemorrhage in the substance of the brain. Signs of atrophy on visual research methods: the cortex is smoothed, its area is reduced. The disease has a relatively favorable prognosis with constant monitoring by a neurologist. At the first stages of atrophic changes, the brain activates the compensatory possibilities, therefore, higher functions do not change.

This is a systemic progressive atrophy of all parts of the human brain. This form of pathology includes atrophy of the cortex and cerebellum. The brain decreases in size over time. As you progress, most of your intellectual abilities are lost.

Brain malnutrition 1 degree.

It is characterized by minimal manifestations of the disease. People become oblivious, think slower, their attention is distracted, vocabulary is reduced. Suggestions are hard. There are difficulties in the selection of words.

The first degree is most often asymptomatic. The first signs are regarded as fatigue, lack of sleep, stress. Hypochondriacal patients begin to look for diseases in themselves that can provoke an abnormal condition.

When contacting a doctor, you can slow down the dynamics of the disease, prevent the growth of the clinical picture and partially restore the upset functions.

The clinical picture is characterized by an increase in intellectual defects. The ability to remember new information is getting worse, new skills are being mastered harder. Signs of the 2nd degree: decreased attention span, worsening short-term memory, inability to make decisions independently.

Malnutrition of the nervous tissue provokes neurodegenerative ailments:

  1. Alzheimer’s disease. Pathology is diagnosed after 65 years. It starts with reducing the amount of RAM. People cannot remember yesterday’s events, or their food for breakfast. As you progress, speech becomes frustrated, and long-term memory worsens. People lose their ability to care for themselves and forget the terrain: old people are easily lost in a previously familiar environment.
  2. Peak’s disease. Diagnosed at 50-60 years. It is characterized by lesions of the frontal and temporal lobes. Patients with this diagnosis have not lived for more than 10 years since they were made. The disease is accompanied by total dementia. Speech breaks up, the sequence of thinking is disrupted. Grossly disrupted memory and attention.

A distinctive feature of patients is anosognosia: patients do not have a critical assessment of their disease and consider themselves healthy. Their behavior is characterized by passivity and predictability. In speech, swear words are often used. Peak’s disease resembles Alzheimer’s, but the former is much faster and more malignant.

How arterial hypertension is classified by mcb 10

Arterial hypertension at 10 mb is defined as a group of conditions that are characterized by a pathological increase in blood pressure in the arteries. ICD 10 revision is used by doctors around the world. The purpose of its application is to systematize and analyze the clinical course of the disease. The classification of diseases implies alphanumeric designation. According to the same principles, hypotension is encoded.

Arterial hypertension in the ICD-10 is presented by a detailed list of pathologies that cause it. The classification structure depends on the lesion system, the severity of the pathological process, the presence of complications, the age of the patient.

Classification

In order to determine the form of the disease, to control its course and the effectiveness of the treatment, an international classification is used depending on the values ​​determined using the Korotkov technique.

CategorySystolic blood pressureDiastolic blood pressure
Optimal numbers≤ 120≤ 80
Normal numbersto 135to 85
High normal numbersto 139to 89
AH I degree (mild)from 140 to 159from 90 to 99
AH of the II degree (moderate)from 160 to 179from 100 to 109
AH III degree (severe)above 180above 110
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In addition to subdivision according to the level of blood pressure, hypotension and hypertension are classified according to stages according to the involvement of target organs: heart, kidneys, retina, brain.

Hypertension at 10 mb, given the effect on the target organs, is divided into the following stages:

  1. No damage.
  2. One or more targets are affected.
  3. The presence of pathologies such as coronary heart disease, nephropathy, hypertensive encephalopathy, myocardial infarction, retinopathy, aortic aneurysm.

It is important to determine the overall risk for hypertension, on which the prognosis of the course of the disease and life in a patient with arterial hypertension depends.

According to ICD 10, arterial hypertension (AH) is divided into types such as hypertension with heart damage, symptomatic, involving cerebral vessels, and heart.

How to stop brain atrophy than to treat

In the presence of pronounced age-related changes, the treatment of a disease such as cortical cerebral atrophy consists in taking measures to prevent further progression. At a younger age, it is likely to achieve improvement and a certain regression, provided that the cause can be eliminated.

Nootropics are used to improve the nutrition of brain cells. These are piracetam, cerebrolysin, nootropil. They help provide better thinking processes.

In order to increase the intensity of regeneration processes and prevent further progression of the disease, antioxidants are used.

Improving blood microcirculation and increasing metabolism is achieved through pentoxifylline or trental.

All other drugs are prescribed based on the symptoms of the disease. For headaches, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or analgesics can be taken, sleep disturbances and increased nervous irritability require sedation.

Moderately expressed cortical atrophy does not require hospitalization of such a patient. To improve the condition, a person should not change the familiar environment, this can accelerate the progression of the disease and lead to death. Important points in the treatment are maintaining patient calmness by taking sedatives, among them there may be mild antidepressants or tranquilizers.

It should be noted that daytime sleep and excessive free time with this type of disease are extremely undesirable. It is better to surround the patient with attention and engage in household chores, make him maximally in motion. Walking in the fresh air and moderate exercise are required.

It is impossible to make an accurate diagnosis after a visual examination of the patient and collecting an anamnesis. Therefore, a neurologist will definitely prescribe additional methods of instrumental research to identify the degree and location of lesions and determine the most effective treatment.

Several methods of instrumental diagnostics are used to determine the localization and degree of atrophy of the brain lobes. To determine the presence of pathology, only one procedure is enough. If the result is inaccurate or clarification is required regarding the severity of tissue damage, several diagnostic methods are simultaneously prescribed. The presence of atrophy can be determined using:

  • Computed tomography – CT scan of the brain helps to identify abnormalities in the structure of blood vessels, to determine the presence of aneurysms and neoplasms that cause obstructed blood flow.
    One of the most informative is multispiral computed tomography. On the MSCT, even the initial signs of subatrophic changes are visible. During the study, a three-dimensional projection of the lobe of the brain is created, thanks to the layer-by-layer scanning of the zone of interest to the doctor.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging – is considered the standard in determining the presence of structural changes in brain tissue.
    More recently, scientists from the world-famous Mayo Clinic have established and clinically proven that the diagnostic criteria for atrophy on MRI can not only detect violations at an early stage, but also monitor the progress of changes. This is especially important when controlling for diseases such as senile dementia and Alzheimer’s disease.
    Assessing the degree of atrophy by MRI is superior in its effectiveness to conducting various clinical tests.

Treatment of brain atrophy is aimed at eliminating the symptoms of the disease and preventing the spread of necrotic phenomena. In the early symptoms, it is possible to do without taking medications. Thus, generalized cerebral atrophy of the brain of the 1st degree is well treated by abandoning bad habits and eliminating the factors that provoke changes.

  • Psychotropic substances – after the primary atrophic processes are over, rapidly progressing negative changes occur. The patient at this time feels mood swings, irritability, apathy or excessive irritability. Psychotropic drugs help to cope with psycho-emotional disorders.
  • Means for improving blood circulation – medications for treatment that stimulate blood formation and improve blood circulation, stop the death of brain tissue, providing the surrounding lobes with enough oxygen.
  • Antihypertensive drugs – one of the factors that provoke cell death is hypertension. Pressure stabilization reduces the risk of rapid progression of change.

Therapy at home is recommended. With progressive atrophy and manifestations that close relatives cannot cope on their own, hospitalization is provided in specialized nursing homes or boarding schools for elderly people with impaired brain functions. If there are no contraindications, a therapeutic massage is prescribed to improve the patient’s blood flow and emotional state.

Most doctors agree that the right attitude, a calm atmosphere, participation in everyday activities have a beneficial effect on the patient’s well-being. Relatives should worry about the lack of regulation, daily routines. Active life, a positive attitude, lack of stress are the best means to stop the development of the disease. Factors that contribute to the prevention of degenerative phenomena:

  1. Healthy lifestyle.
  2. Rejection of bad habits.
  3. Blood pressure control.
  4. Healthy food.
  5. Daily mental activity.

Folk remedies, like official medicine methods, are aimed at reducing the symptoms of the disease. Atrophic changes are irreversible. With the help of herbal preparations, the intensity of negative manifestations can be reduced. Good results are obtained by applying the following fees:

  • Herbal tea – in equal proportions take oregano, motherwort, nettle, horsetail and brew boiled water in a thermos. The broth is infused overnight. Use three times a day.
  • Rye and asterisk are brewed in a thermos. Drink in unlimited quantities after a meal. Especially good is herbal tea from stellate and young rye helps in the treatment of post-traumatic areas.
  • Barberry, viburnum and wild rose – plant berries are poured with boiling water and allowed to infuse for 8 hours. They drink like tea without limits. If necessary, you can add honey.

With this disease, drugs of the following groups are prescribed

  • Vitamins of group B, C. A prerequisite in order to minimize the effects of cortical or other types of atrophy, you need to saturate the body and brain, in particular, vitamins and minerals.
  • Ant >

Cortical atrophy of the brain has five degrees of development, which differ from each other in the severity of the clinical picture:

  • cortical cerebral atrophy of 1 degree. A characteristic difference is that the symptoms are absent, but despite this, the disease develops rapidly and moves on to the next stage;
  • 2 degrees – there is a rapid deterioration in communication with people around; irritability is observed, the ability to adequately respond to criticism is lost, frequent conflicts occur;
  • the third – control over behavior is lost, which causes indignation from others, despondency is often replaced by causeless outbursts of anger;
  • fourth, the understanding of what is happening around is completely lost;
  • fifth – any emotions are completely absent.

From the defeat of which particular fraction of the brain occurs, even in the first stages, speech disturbances, indifference, lethargy, and sexual hyperactivity are possible.

A person with the last stage of the disease often poses a threat to society, which is the reason for his imprisonment in a psychiatric hospital.

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Tatyana Jakowenko

Editor-in-chief of the Detonic online magazine, cardiologist Yakovenko-Plahotnaya Tatyana. Author of more than 950 scientific articles, including in foreign medical journals. He has been working as a cardiologist in a clinical hospital for over 12 years. He owns modern methods of diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases and implements them in his professional activities. For example, it uses methods of resuscitation of the heart, decoding of ECG, functional tests, cyclic ergometry and knows echocardiography very well.

For 10 years, she has been an active participant in numerous medical symposia and workshops for doctors - families, therapists and cardiologists. He has many publications on a healthy lifestyle, diagnosis and treatment of heart and vascular diseases.

He regularly monitors new publications of European and American cardiology journals, writes scientific articles, prepares reports at scientific conferences and participates in European cardiology congresses.

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