Causes and treatment of heart failure arrhythmias during menopause

If we look at global statistics, then a huge number of people on all continents die from cardiac arrhythmias. This disease provokes the failure of a certain sequence and frequency of contractions of our heart muscle. In a healthy state of the body, the heart beats in a rhythm set by nature, the conductive system takes care of this.

When a failure occurs in her work, this leads to the development of arrhythmia. In normal mode, a person’s heart contracts about seventy-five times per minute. An increase in this regime is called tachycardia, and a decrease in bradycardia. With a diagnosis of cardiac arrhythmia, treatment with folk remedies. gives positive results.

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Causes of the disease

This disease is concomitant with other ailments of the heart and vascular system. Usually, arrhythmia develops with arterial hypertension, myocarditis, coronary heart disease, its defects, brain injuries, diseases of the adrenal glands and thyroid gland, female menopause and others. It can also appear with an imbalance of potassium, sodium and calcium – substances that are in the muscles.

With extrasystole in women of the menopause, the symptoms are difficult to ignore. First of all, there are strong, sudden heartbeats that resemble tremors in the chest.

Along with this symptom, there is an influx of blood to the face or body, a woman feels intense heat (hot flashes), lack of air. Breathing becomes heavy, noisy.

The state of health worsens, which makes the patient lie down. The attack ends as suddenly as it begins.

Other symptoms are observed:

  • severe dizziness, possible loss of consciousness;
  • pallor of the skin;
  • feeling of thirst, dry mouth.

In most patients with extrasystole, there is a violation of cerebral circulation, angina pectoris, coronary heart disease.

The precursor to extrasystole is often atherosclerosis, which affects women during menopause.

In combination with heart disease, the symptoms become more pronounced:

  • sweating increases, a woman begins to feel a feeling of heat even in a cool room, she is tormented by a pathological lack of air;
  • skin color changes;
  • often darkens in the eyes, “flies” appear, a sharp decrease in vision is possible;
  • there is a feeling of fear, anxiety, panic, worse during an attack.

The disease in the initial stage has enough symptoms for diagnosis, so you can not leave it unattended.

In advanced cases, a woman not only has a disturbed heart rhythm, but also ventricular dysfunction occurs, which with a pathological course can lead to sudden death

During menopause, a woman’s body undergoes tremendous changes. A change in the hormonal background leads to exacerbations of chronic diseases, including pathologies of the heart muscle.

Extrasystole in isolated cases occurs without reason, often it accompanies women who have bad habits, abandoned a healthy diet, are in constant stress. And the elimination of these factors affecting the work of the heart is the first step to recovery.

Treatment of extrasystole with menopause has no specific purposes, arrhythmia requires therapy and prevention according to the same scheme as the disease in any other period.

What is the danger of extrasystoles in the heart of children – read here.

Extrasystole in the initial stage, manifested in single seizures
  • does not require treatment;
  • if arrhythmia does not cause severe discomfort, does not lead to a fainting state and the appearance of other, concomitant symptoms, then observation by a cardiologist is recommended;
  • an examination is prescribed, the results of which judge the condition of the ventricles and atria;
  • if the diagnosis does not reveal abnormalities, then the woman is given general recommendations for maintaining good health during menopause.
If a woman is diagnosed with diseases of the endocrine or digestive system (which also causes a deterioration in heart pathologies)Treatment is aimed at eliminating diseases.
Neurogenic factors
  • eliminated by sedatives and sedatives;
  • in especially difficult cases, inpatient treatment or physiotherapy is prescribed;
  • it is important for a woman to learn to control emotions, avoid stressful situations, relax more, do what she loves;
  • it is neurogenic factors that are the most common cause of the development of extrasystole.
Heart rate correction
  • carried out with the help of cardiac drugs (Metoprolol, Propafenone, etc.);
  • appointments are made by an observing cardiologist after an examination.
Pathology of the heart ventricles
  • treated with radiofrequency ablation;
  • therapy is prescribed if other treatment methods are ineffective.

If a cardiologist sends for a consultation with a neurologist or psychotherapist, do not refuse. Diseases of the nervous and mental systems are much more difficult to cure than gastritis or hormonal imbalance.

Eradicating the disease that caused the development of extrasystole is enough to normalize the heart rhythm. This applies to those cases where the pathology did not lead to irreversible consequences, developing severe complications in the female body.

Therefore, it is so important to treat arrhythmia of any nature, without ignoring the symptoms. This is especially true for women of the menopause, when age-related changes occur, causing the body significant discomfort.

Considering alternative medicine as a method of treating extrasystole, it is impossible not to note the effectiveness of valerian, motherwort and lemon balm. Decoctions are made from herbs, they are added to tea and other drinks.

These methods are not a panacea, they are not able to overcome heart disease on their own, but they help to eliminate nervous tension, overcome stress, improve digestion and sleep.

Herbs with extrasystole practically have no side effects and are contraindicated only with individual intolerance

Complications

AtrialAtrial flutter.
VentricularThey develop into a paroxysmal tachycardia.
At dilatationAtrial fibrillation.

The disease in a complicated form leads to insufficiency of renal, coronary, cerebral circulation. Violations of the nervous system, deterioration of physical condition, and disability are also possible.

A woman begins to experience difficulties with respiratory function, she is disturbed by nightmares, night rest is disturbed by fear, a feeling of pressure in the chest, constant heat.

In severe cases, ventricular fibrillation occurs and there is a high risk of sudden death. Relatively rarely, death is not preceded by symptoms of cardiac dysfunctions.

Symptomatic manifestations of menopause and changes in the work of the heart during menopause have a double effect on the overall functioning of the body. Any failure of the heart rhythm causes a deterioration in the well-being of a person. And if we add here also a decrease in hormonal activity, it turns out that the body does not have time to relax and distribute oxygen, as well as other important components.

As a result, the following changes combine arrhythmia and menopause:

  • A decrease in the concentration of sex hormones causes an increase in cholesterol. There are changes in the composition and physical characteristics of the blood, which becomes more viscous, there are increased loads for the work of the heart.
  • The vascular membrane becomes less elastic, and the occurrence of deposition complicates the work of the heart even more. Therefore, the difficult outflow of blood increases the pressure on the blood vessels.
  • Not the last role is played by a change in the emotional background. Menopause makes a woman more irritable, anxious and even scared. Sleep is disturbed, and a sharp change in mood and the emergence of negative emotions affect the rhythm of the heart.
  • Overweight. It is known that the female body resists the oppressed state of the ovaries, therefore, it tries to compensate for the lack of estrogen by lipid cells. As a result, excess fat increases the load on the heart muscle, thereby preventing the vessels from working efficiently.
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Arrhythmia with menopause is associated with a change in hormonal levels. With a decrease in hormonal activity, a violation of the productivity of the heart muscle is observed, which entails a violation of its rhythm. Arrhythmia during this period increases the risk of complications if measures are not taken in time to correct the condition.

Arrhythmia manifests itself during menopause due to changes that occur against the background of the extinction of the function of producing sex hormones. Reasons for deviation are:

  • Violation of the synthesis of sex hormones. With menopause, hormone production is gradually reduced, which causes an increase in blood cholesterol. Because of this, it becomes too viscous. Under such conditions, an additional load on the heart muscle is created.
  • Weight gain. Under conditions of estrogen deficiency, the body tries to replenish it with lipid cells. Extra pounds also affect the functioning of the heart muscle, increasing the load on it. In addition, an increased amount of fat negatively affects the state of the vessels, which ultimately contributes to the disruption of normal blood flow.
  • Decreased elasticity of the vascular membrane due to age-related changes. Against the background of increasing cholesterol, the situation is exacerbated to an even greater extent.
  • Unstable emotional background. Due to hormonal fluctuations, the woman’s mood is unstable. With menopause, sudden bouts of anxiety and panic often occur, sleep is disturbed.
  • Women who have bad habits (smoke, drink a lot of coffee, drink alcohol) during menopause are especially prone to arrhythmic attacks.

Changes that occur in the body during menopause, cannot but affect the functioning and condition of the heart muscle. In order to prevent complications during this period, it is important to take the necessary measures to correct the condition.

During the extinction of the reproductive functions of the body in women, the following types of arrhythmias may occur:

  • Sinus, developing with violations of the sinus node. This type of arrhythmia can manifest itself in two forms: tachycardia and bradycardia. In the first case, we are talking about the increase in heart rate, in the second – about reducing their number.
  • Flickering. This form of heart rhythm disturbance is caused by increased excitability of the myocardium and impaired conduction. Subtypes of atrial fibrillation are distinguished, such as normosystolic, bradyarrhythmic and tachyarrhythmic. Each variety is distinguished by the number of heartbeats per minute. For the first form indicated, this indicator is 60-80 beats per minute, for the second – less than 60, for the third – from 120 to 160.
  • Ectopic. This kind of arrhythmia occurs with extraordinary contractions of the heart muscle. This condition is called extrasystole.
  • Flickering and fluttering of the ventricles and atria. When ventricular fibrillation occurs, individual muscle fibers contract, while ventricular systole is absent. With atrial flutter, irregular ventricular function is observed.
  • Blockade of the heart. The severity of the deviation depends on the conductivity of the pulse in the heart muscle. The impulse can be slowed down or even stopped.

Heart palpitations with menopause, tachycardia with menopause

Pain in the heart in the menopause can be both a natural reaction of the body, and evidence of the course of certain pathological processes. Therefore, it is important to conduct differential diagnosis on time. To do this, it is recommended to visit a doctor with a certain frequency to undergo a scheduled examination.

Produkty poleznye pri klimakse - Causes and treatment of heart failure arrhythmias during menopause

With the onset of menopause, the heart becomes a target organ.

After 45 years, a woman enters the concept of menopause. This is an age-related change associated with a decrease in ovarian functionality. It is in them that the synthesis of the female sex hormone estrogen occurs. This substance, which makes a woman young, healthy, makes her body work correctly.

Up to 45-50 years, men are 3 times more likely to suffer heart attacks and strokes, after this age, the proportions change. By the age of 55, there are 5 times more women suffering from cardiovascular diseases than men-peers.

Does the climacteric state affect the normal functioning of the cardiovascular system? Definitely yes.

For a number of physiological reasons associated with a low estrogen content, a woman may have two problems: pain and a heartbeat. These conditions bring a lot of inconvenience, but do not have a negative impact on health.

But at this age, concomitant diseases can occur, among the symptoms of which are painful sensations in the chest.

In medicine, there is a special term that describes heart disorders associated with the onset of menopause. It is called dishormonal cardiopathy. But only a doctor can make this diagnosis, for this he will conduct a series of tests and tests to exclude or confirm the presence of other diseases of the cardiovascular system.

Estrogen is involved in a large number of different processes, including the formation of immunity, the protection of the female body from various disorders of organs and systems.

But over time, the ovaries begin to produce less and less of this hormone.

As a result, the heart becomes unprotected, potassium, magnesium, PP vitamins, groups B and others are absorbed quite poorly, interruptions in its work occur.

Also, estrogen deficiency leads to other disorders that entail the development of pain or arrhythmia.

A feeling that presses or hurts the heart can occur both in premenopause and in menopause. The less estrogen is produced, the more acute these symptoms become. Among the main natural causes, the following can be distinguished:

  • The accumulation of cholesterol on the walls of blood vessels. The number of low density lipoproteins increases, the total content of these substances. As a result, the risk of developing diseases such as coronary disease, atherosclerosis increases.
  • Impaired lipid metabolism. In this case, body weight increases, fat deposits appear, especially in the waist and abdomen. This leads to the appearance of type II diabetes. After 45 years, this disease is aggravated by the appearance of arterial hypertension (up to 80% of patients), as well as heart failure (12-22%).
  • Increased blood viscosity. This condition leads to the appearance of characteristic discomfort, accompanied by pain.
  • Spasm of blood vessels, loss of their elasticity. As a result, the vascular lumen decreases, the pressure rises, which, in turn, causes pain.
  • The tides. These are seizures that are periodic. In addition to heart pains, there is a sharp sensation of heat in the upper part of the body, the face turns red, chills appear, profuse sweating. This is the most harmless cause of dishormonal cardiopathy.
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The heart does not just pump blood, it supplies oxygen to all tissues and organs, working in a certain rhythm of contractions and relaxation.

If rhythm failure occurs, then too frequent and rapid contraction of the heart muscle is observed. As a result, the blood does not have time to pump normally, the heart – to rest.

There is a so-called arrhythmia (tachycardia). This causes a general deterioration in well-being.

It is recommended to regularly monitor blood pressure, which often signals problems with the cardiovascular system.

Symptoms of this condition are:

  • The pulse accelerates. It can reach 100-120 beats per minute during calm.
  • Dizziness occurs, often with a loss of orientation, in severe forms – with a fainting state.
  • The appearance of causeless panic. A woman is afraid to lose consciousness, fall (especially in a crowded place), die.
  • Lack of air. There is a feeling that it is impossible to inhale, the lungs cannot be completely filled with oxygen.
  • A deficiency of oxygen in the tissues provokes a feeling of heat throughout the body.
  • Feeling of heart rate. In a calm state, the heartbeat is almost imperceptible. During an attack, the vibrations are clearly felt, a woman can accurately indicate where exactly this organ is located.

What to do with heart dysfunctions? To reduce the heart rate or remove pain, two methods are used. The first is preventive measures, the second is emergency care for seizures.

To minimize the effect of menopause on cardiac activity, it is necessary:

  • Alternate rest and stress. They should be moderate, without extremes.
  • Review your diet. You need to eat often, but in small portions, to exclude fatty, spicy, smoked dishes from the menu.
  • Forget about stimulants like coffee, black tea. It is better to switch to green tea, freshly squeezed juices, clean water without gas.
  • Quit bad habits: smoking, drinking alcohol. A glass of red wine is allowed, but not often.
  • Indoors, you should maintain fresh air of moderate temperature.
  • Take hormone replacement drugs prescribed by your doctor. They will help restore balance, eliminate most problems.

The most effective treatment for pain and arrhythmias caused by hormonal imbalance is HRT.

Without HRT, it is impossible to solve the problem of heart pain and arrhythmias caused by the arrival of menopause.

Only a doctor can prescribe medication for relieving seizures. He conducts an assessment of a woman’s health status by passing tests and hardware diagnostic methods.

Only after this is prescribed a drug that will help temporarily alleviate the condition.

You can make an appointment with a specialist specialist and get a free qualified consultation at the link http: //45plus.rf/registration/.

You need to understand that the root of the problem is hormonal imbalance, so use different folk methods, choose your own means, fix the problem only with cardiopreparations to no avail.

Arrhythmia of the heart, causes and symptoms of the disease. How to treat arrhythmia treatment folk remedies

Depending on the causes and characteristics of the symptoms, I recommend a specific treatment regimen for arrhythmias and tachycardia with menopause in women. It is important that often paroxysms can be eliminated independently, but this should be done correctly.

At home

You can try to deal with the attack yourself:

  • calm down, sit down or lie down, take sedatives;
  • provide air access, ventilate the room, unfasten the pressing parts of clothing;
  • take a deep breath, hold your breath and then exhale slowly;
  • press on the eyeballs and release, repeat 3-5 times;
  • dip your face in cold water for a few seconds.

A doctor is called in such cases:

  • against the background of an attack, pain behind the sternum occurs;
  • dizziness appears, weakness, darkens in the eyes;
  • the pressure drops or rises sharply.

Arrhythmias during menopause can occur as a result of acute myocardial ischemia or cerebrovascular accident. Therefore, you should not take them lightly.

Case study

A woman aged 56 years came to the clinic with complaints of a rapid heartbeat, arrhythmia, a feeling of lack of air and increased pressure at the time of the attack. No signs of ischemia were detected on the ECG; some smoothness of the T wave was observed on the back wall of the left ventricle, which can be considered as an indirect sign of hormonal imbalance or myocardial dystrophy.

I recommended: sedatives, Remens, Bisoprolal. To prevent attacks – a diet with a low content of animal fats, consumption of mainly protein and plant foods, consultation with a gynecologist-endocrinologist. After two weeks of treatment, the condition returned to normal, seizures began to occur less frequently. Currently taking hormone replacement therapy.

To stop the attack, my colleagues and I usually recommend the following drugs:

  1. “Lidocaine.”
  2. Antihypertensive agents (beta-blockers “Atenolol”, “Carvedilol” work best).
  3. Sedatives, and with severe anxiety, tranquilizers or antidepressants with serotonin reuptake.

Hormone replacement therapy gives a good result of treating tachycardia with menopause; many women all over the world resort to it. It eliminates heat attacks, rhythm disturbances, protects against the danger of osteoporosis, and prevents cardiovascular diseases.

If you want to know everything about tachycardia, we advise you to watch the video below at the link. Causes, symptoms, diagnosis and signs that it is time to see a doctor – all this in 7 minutes. Happy viewing!

Advice from a specialist

To prevent the development of tachycardia with menopause, I recommend doing the following:

  • follow a diet with the inclusion of dairy and plant foods, seafood (Fig. 1);
  • combine physical activity and relaxation;
  • to walk outside;
  • do yoga, meditation, relaxation practices;
  • if necessary, take hormonal drugs (only under the supervision of a specialist);
  • take a course of vitamins and minerals from time to time.

During menopause, the likelihood of developing cardiovascular disease is high. Regularly undergo examinations (ECG, biochemical blood test to determine cholesterol, tonometry). Get rid of bad habits – smoking and drinking alcohol significantly aggravate the condition during hot flashes and lead to the development of heart attacks and strokes.

Causes of the disease

Case study

A woman aged 56 years came to the clinic with complaints of a rapid heartbeat, arrhythmia, a feeling of lack of air and increased pressure at the time of the attack. No signs of ischemia were detected on the ECG; some smoothness of the T wave was observed on the back wall of the left ventricle, which can be considered as an indirect sign of hormonal imbalance or myocardial dystrophy.

I recommended: sedatives, Remens, Bisoprolal. To prevent attacks – a diet with a low content of animal fats, consumption of mainly protein and plant foods, consultation with a gynecologist-endocrinologist. After two weeks of treatment, the condition returned to normal, seizures began to occur less frequently. Currently taking hormone replacement therapy.

Advice from a specialist

To prevent the development of tachycardia with menopause, I recommend doing the following:

  • follow a diet with the inclusion of dairy and plant foods, seafood (Fig. 1);
  • combine physical activity and relaxation;
  • to walk outside;
  • do yoga, meditation, relaxation practices;
  • if necessary, take hormonal drugs (only under the supervision of a specialist);
  • take a course of vitamins and minerals from time to time.

During menopause, the likelihood of developing cardiovascular disease is high. Regularly undergo examinations (ECG, biochemical blood test to determine cholesterol, tonometry). Get rid of bad habits – smoking and drinking alcohol significantly aggravate the condition during hot flashes and lead to the development of heart attacks and strokes.

Tatyana Jakowenko

Editor-in-chief of the Detonic online magazine, cardiologist Yakovenko-Plahotnaya Tatyana. Author of more than 950 scientific articles, including in foreign medical journals. He has been working as a cardiologist in a clinical hospital for over 12 years. He owns modern methods of diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases and implements them in his professional activities. For example, it uses methods of resuscitation of the heart, decoding of ECG, functional tests, cyclic ergometry and knows echocardiography very well.

For 10 years, she has been an active participant in numerous medical symposia and workshops for doctors - families, therapists and cardiologists. He has many publications on a healthy lifestyle, diagnosis and treatment of heart and vascular diseases.

He regularly monitors new publications of European and American cardiology journals, writes scientific articles, prepares reports at scientific conferences and participates in European cardiology congresses.

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