Causes and consequences of the appearance of hemoglobin in urine

The basic analysis of urine, based upon the research study of the parts included in it, enables you to get substantial info about the state of human health, make the right medical diagnosis and track the efficiency of the treatment. By the existence of specific compounds in urine, it can be concluded that specific illness establish in people. So, for instance, the spotted hemoglobin in urine is an extremely disconcerting indication, due to the fact that typically its quantity in urine need to amount to 0. What particular illness does such an analysis result suggest, and what should be done next if hemoglobin was discovered in human urine?

How can hemoglobin enter urine?

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Total, or totally free hemoglobin is an intricate protein that is part of red cell – erythrocytes, which indicates that it can appear in urine solely from blood. Therefore, at the minute when urine is formed in the kidneys, blood or erythrocytes enter it, which are quickly ruined under the impact of an acidic environment, as an outcome of which this compound is excreted. There is likewise a 2nd choice: erythrocytes pass away en masse in the body, as an outcome of which a big quantity of hemoglobin is in the blood plasma. Most frequently, this procedure is connected with different blood illness.

Thus, the hemoglobin discovered in urine is constantly an undesirable sign that needs cautious more medical diagnosis and in-depth information of the factors for the entry of this compound into urine.

Typical symptoms of pathology

Often, clients who, as an outcome of the analysis, exposed hemoglobin in the urine, themselves keep in mind a modification in its color from the normal light straw to dark brown, which simply shows the existence of blood pollutants in it. At the very same time, the urine gathered for analysis after a while stratifies: a transparent layer stays at the leading, and a turbid liquid with a red tint at the bottom.

However, in addition to this apparent external indication, the unhealthy procedures taking place at this minute in the body might have other common signs:

  • temperature level boost,
  • fever, pains,
  • attacks of queasiness, throwing up,
  • extreme and extended headaches
  • discomfort and a sensation of heaviness in the back area,
  • basic weak point.
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In extreme cases, when hemoglobin in the urine is associated, for instance, with an innovative type of urolithiasis, kidney colic might take place, accompanied by extreme acute pain.

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The factors for the appearance of hemoglobin in urine

Among the illness that can trigger an increased level of this compound in the urine, the following can be identified:

  • viral and bacterial infections,
  • illness of the genitourinary system,
  • kidney failure
  • disruptions in the operating of the intestinal system,
  • blood illness
  • tuberculosis,
  • extreme burns
  • poisoning with contaminants or toxins.

Also, its level can increase for natural factors, associated, for instance, with a blood transfusion of the incorrect group, extreme physical effort or extreme hypothermia, however in such cases this phenomenon is momentary.

What are the signs of hemoglobin in urine?

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As kept in mind above, hemoglobin in the urine of a healthy individual ought to be totally missing, and even if there are 1-2 red cell in the field of view of the microscopic lense, which is thought about a type of standard, its level throughout their decay will be so little that the analysis cannot discover it. However, the outcomes of the research study might suggest a greater level of its material in urine:

  • Hemoglobin level 10+. Indicates a small existence of this compound in the urine, usually due to bleeding in the kidneys or blood illness.
  • Hemoglobin level 25+. It is thought about a typical sign of the concentration of a compound in urine, which usually shows blood illness of different etiologies or muscle damage.
  • Hemoglobin level 50+. In the frustrating bulk of cases, it shows the existence of not hemoglobin in the urine, however a protein compound comparable to it in its structure – myoglobin, which is included in the muscles. Accompanying major muscle injury or substantial bruising, in addition to extreme muscle infections.

Thus, it is apparent that the detection of hemoglobin in urine in any quantity constantly needs a number of extra tests and assessments, initially of all, a blood test, basic and biochemical, numerous types of urinalysis, ultrasound evaluation, in addition to assessment of a urologist and nephrologist. Basically, assessments of this kind are basic and are performed totally free of charge in any center.

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Tatyana Jakowenko

Editor-in-chief of the Detonic online magazine, cardiologist Yakovenko-Plahotnaya Tatyana. Author of more than 950 scientific articles, including in foreign medical journals. He has been working as a cardiologist in a clinical hospital for over 12 years. He owns modern methods of diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases and implements them in his professional activities. For example, it uses methods of resuscitation of the heart, decoding of ECG, functional tests, cyclic ergometry and knows echocardiography very well.

For 10 years, she has been an active participant in numerous medical symposia and workshops for doctors - families, therapists and cardiologists. He has many publications on a healthy lifestyle, diagnosis and treatment of heart and vascular diseases.

He regularly monitors new publications of European and American cardiology journals, writes scientific articles, prepares reports at scientific conferences and participates in European cardiology congresses.