Arrhythmia of the heart (ancient Greek ἀρρυθμία “awkwardness”) is a deviation from the norm in the frequency, rhythm of excitation and contraction of the heart muscle.
Rhythm disturbances appear not only with heart damage (myocardial infarction, heart defects, heart surgery, atherosclerosis, coronary artery disease), but also with a violation of the autonomic nervous system, a change in the concentration of certain trace elements in the body, intoxications.
In healthy people, arrhythmia occurs after drinking alcohol, overwork, colds.
The conduction system of the heart provides a normal rhythm. This is a system of specialized muscle fibers (Purkinje fibers) that conduct excitation along the myocardium (heart muscle).
It is thanks to him that the heart rate is established (normally it is 60-80 beats per minute when calm, in a dream this indicator decreases, and during exercise, on the contrary, increases. Pulses are created in the sinus node and then propagate, some of them provoke excitement and reduction of atria, while others move to the atrioventricular node (AV node).
It is located in the muscular septum dividing the heart into the right and left halves, at the level of transition of the atria to the ventricles. In this node, the impulse becomes slower so that the blood can pass into the ventricles due to the reduction of the atria. Then the electrical impulse passes into the interventricular septum and is divided into the legs of the bundle of His.
On the right leg along the Purkinje fibers, the impulses pass to the right ventricle, and on the left to the left. Disturbances in the functioning of the conduction system of the heart can be associated either with changes in the formation of impulses, or with any problems in their conduct.
This leads to the fact that another department of the system becomes a pacemaker, but at the same time, the heart rate decreases. So, the AV-node is able to set the rhythm of 40 beats per minute, and the Purcenier fibers – only 20.
Many people in general know what cardiac arrhythmia is (symptoms, treatment, causes, and so on). Doctors, however, combine under this medical term certain disorders of the origin and conduct of electrical impulses.
All of them differ in different factors, including the appearance mechanism. But all these disorders are united by one important circumstance – their appearance provokes violations of the conducting system of a vital organ.
This system is a key link in the functioning of the body as a whole, because it is it that provides the sinus rhythm of the organ (in other words, coordinated and constant contractions of the myocardium).
So, cardiac arrhythmia – why is it dangerous?
- Firstly, an ailment can provoke severe illnesses of various human organs.
- Secondly, the patient will systematically experience physical discomfort, manifested in the form of fainting, shortness of breath, severe weakness, dizziness, and so on.
- Thirdly, angina attacks, cardiac arrest and other serious ailments may occur. Severe consequences may arise due to untimely or incompetent treatment.
According to statistics, about 10 percent of cases of cardiac arrhythmias are the cause of death (if we consider only heart disease). This ailment studies and diagnoses a special section – arrhythmology.
Currently, there are many forms of the disease, but in most cases the following five are distinguished:
- Tachycardia. Rapid rhythm (from 90 beats per minute).
- Bradycardia Antonym of the first option. Heart rate is less than 60 beats in one minute.
- Extrasystole. A more complex term for extraordinary contractions. Or in other words, interruptions in the stable operation of the body.
- Atrial fibrillation. It manifests itself in the form of chaotic contractions of various muscle fibers.
- Blockade of the conductive system. In short, the conductivity function of the electric pulse is violated.
Various blockades arise on his way, which lead to a disorder of a stable heart rhythm.
The importance of the conduction system of the heart was noted above. It is she who provides a stable rhythm and heart rate. Her slightest defeat immediately leads to arrhythmias. If the individual links of the system under consideration are affected, then there is a violation of conductivity (in other words, blockade).
In some cases, there may be a violation in the coordinated and stable operation of the atria and ventricles. The contraction of the muscles of the heart occurs at a certain uniform pace and rhythm. The frequency of sinus rhythm in most healthy adults at rest is 60–90 beats per minute.
But, if disturbances appear in the picture of these contractions, the heart immediately makes itself felt. Violation of the rhythm of the heart – this, in fact, is arrhythmia. Arrhythmias can occur with structural changes in the conduction system for heart disease and under the influence of autonomic, endocrine and electrolyte disturbances, with intoxications and some medicinal effects.
Most often with coronary heart disease and hypertension. The most common arrhythmias:
Sinus tachycardia is a sinus rhythm with a frequency of more than 90–160 in 1 min.
In healthy people, it occurs with physical exertion and with emotional arousal. A pronounced tendency to sinus tachycardia is one of the manifestations of neurocirculatory dystonia, in this case, tachycardia significantly decreases with respiratory arrest.
Temporarily sinus tachycardia occurs with a rapid decrease in blood pressure of any nature, after taking alcohol. More persistent sinus tachycardia occurs with fever, thyrotoxicosis, myocarditis, heart failure, anemia, pulmonary embolism.
Sinus tachycardia may be accompanied by a feeling of palpitations.
Sinus bradycardia – a sinus rhythm with a frequency of less than 55 in 1 min – is not uncommon in healthy, especially in physically trained individuals at rest, in a dream.
It is often combined with noticeable respiratory arrhythmia, sometimes with extrasystole. Sinus bradycardia may be one of the manifestations of neurocirculatory dystonia.
Sometimes it occurs during various pathological processes (ischemic, sclerotic, inflammatory, degenerative) in the region of the sinus node (sinus node weakness syndrome), with increased intracranial pressure, decreased thyroid function, inflammatory diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, with some viral infections, under the influence of certain drugs.
Sometimes bradycardia manifests itself in the form of an unpleasant sensation in the heart, general weakness, dizziness and fainting.
Extrasystole is a premature, extraordinary contraction of the heart.
Extrasystole can accompany any heart disease, and maybe due to non-cardiac causes (inflammatory diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, reflux esophagitis, thyrotoxicosis, metabolic disorders of magnesium and potassium).
In addition, infrequent extrasystole can also occur in healthy people. The patient may not notice the extrasystole, or feel a “push” in the chest area, or a “freeze” of the heart.
Atrial fibrillation or atrial fibrillation is a chaotic contraction of certain groups of muscle fibers of the atria, while the atria in general do not contract, and the ventricles of the heart contract rhythmically, with an increased frequency, which can lead to heart failure, exacerbation of the course of angina pectoris, and the development of stroke.
Atrial fibrillation may not be felt or perceived by the patient as a heartbeat.
Basically, arrhythmias are diagnosed using an electrocardiogram, Holter ECG monitoring, and physical exercise tests.
All rhythm and conduction disturbances are subject to a diagnostic study to select further adequate tactics and treatment methods, except for sinus (respiratory) arrhythmia, which is a variant of the norm.
- Causes leading to arrhythmia
- What are the symptoms of arrhythmia?
- Pathology Risk Factors
- How to recognize arrhythmia?
- What causes cardiac arrhythmia in children
- Diagnosis of the disease
- Treatment and its need
- Surgical treatment method
- Folk remedies for the treatment of cardiac arrhythmias
- Preventive methods for preventing illness
Causes leading to arrhythmia
Absolutely different reasons can lead to cardiac arrhythmias of one kind or another. After all, even in a completely healthy person, the frequency of heart beats varies throughout the day, depending on physical activity, psycho-emotional state, taking medications and on the diet.
Therefore, it is considered normal if extrasystoles are periodically recorded in a healthy person. Most people do not notice them or attach importance to them, since their well-being remains satisfactory.
On the contrary, pathological changes in heart rhythm are often associated with diseases that provoke such disorders. In addition, bad habits and malnutrition are often the culprits of arrhythmias.
Among the main causes of arrhythmia, the following can be distinguished:
- addiction to energy drinks and caffeine-containing;
- excessive drinking and smoking;
- stress and depression;
- excessive physical exertion;
- metabolic disorders;
- cardiac pathologies such as defects, coronary artery disease, myocarditis, hypertension and other conditions;
- disorders of work and thyroid disease;
- infectious processes and fungal infections;
- conditions during menopause;
- brain diseases.
The most common causes of arrhythmia or the condition leading to its development are heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, smoking, excessive alcohol and caffeine consumption, drug abuse, stress.
In some cases, the causes of the development of arrhythmias may be an overdose of certain drugs, the use of dietary supplements and drugs based on herbs.
Scars can occur for various reasons. The most common of these is acute myocardial infarction. Such a scar prevents the formation of an electrical impulse and/or interrupts the passage of the impulse through the heart muscle.
In a healthy person with a healthy heart, the development of sustained arrhythmia is impossible without the presence of an external trigger, such as electroshock. This is primarily due to the fact that in a healthy heart there are no pathological substrates for the development of arrhythmias, including scar tissue.
On the other hand, in hearts with signs of arrhythmia, the formation and/or propagation of an electrical impulse may be impaired, facilitating the development of the disease.
Any of the following conditions can lead to the development of arrhythmias:
- Inadequate blood supply. If the flow of blood to the heart for any reason is reduced, this can change the ability of cells to form and conduct electrical impulses.
- Damage or death of the heart muscle. Damage or death of the heart muscle leads to a change in the propagation path of electrical impulses along it.
Among heart disease – the causes of arrhythmias are of particular importance:
Coronary heart disease (CHD).
Despite the fact that many types of arrhythmias are recorded in coronary heart disease, the most strongly associated with it are ventricular arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death.
The narrowing of the arteries occurs until, as a result of the lack of blood flow, part of the heart muscle dies (acute myocardial infarction).
This can affect the propagation of an electrical impulse through the myocardium: small electric circles of excitation are formed at the border of the scar tissue, which interfere with the normal functioning of the heart, causing abnormally fast heartbeats (ventricular tachycardia) and ventricular flutter or fibrillation – ineffective chaotic contractions of the ventricles.
It is manifested by primary stretching and thinning of the walls of the ventricles and atria (dilated cardiomyopathy) or by an excessive thickening and contracting of the walls of the left ventricle (hypertrophic cardiomyopathy).
With any variant of cardiomyopathy, the efficiency of cardiac output decreases (the amount of blood ejected by the left ventricle into the aorta for nutrition of all organs and tissues of the body decreases), and part of the blood remains in the left and right ventricles or is thrown back into the atria and the veins flowing into them.
Heart valve disease. Damage to the heart valves by infectious agents or due to degenerative degeneration leads to narrowing of the valve openings and/or insufficient closure of the valves, i.e. valve insufficiency.
When the heart cavities are stretched and weaken due to inadequate operation of the valves, the risk of developing various types of cardiac arrhythmias increases.
What are the symptoms of arrhythmia?
Most often, symptoms of cardiac arrhythmias are a consequence of existing chronic or acute diseases, as well as their complications.
Heart palpitations – a feeling of trembling or trembling in the heart – the most common symptom characteristic of tachyarrhythmia.
However, it does not always indicate the presence of the disease, since a sharp increase in heart rate can occur in response to many stressful factors (for example, anxiety) and is a fairly common reaction.
A more significant sign of a pathological heartbeat is a sudden acceleration of the heart rhythm at rest and the same quick resolution of the attack, especially in combination with other symptoms, such as shortness of breath.
Dyspnea – a feeling of lack of air in combination with tachi or bradyarrhythmia indicates a violation of the heart’s ability to pump blood. At first, shortness of breath is observed only during physical exertion. In the future, serious cardiac dysfunctions associated with arrhythmia can lead to a decrease in cardiac output even at rest.
In such cases, other symptoms of heart failure can also be observed – for example, paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea (waking up in the middle of the night from a feeling of lack of air).
A distinctive feature of such pain is that it occurs only during an attack. Pain in the area of the heart, observed under other conditions, for example, during physical exertion or after eating, most likely has other causes.
Arrhythmia manifests itself in different ways, since the course of the disease depends on the type of cardiac impairment. As already noted, with tachycardia, the heart rate increases compared with normal rates.
Patients most often complain of symptoms such as increased heart rate, a sense of anxiety and anxiety, excessive sweating, and loss of consciousness.
With bradycardia, on the contrary, the heart rhythm slows down, and the most common symptoms are heart pain, severe weakness, dizziness, fainting, low blood pressure and short-term loss of consciousness. The skin turns pale and is often covered with cold sweat.
The most common type of arrhythmia is extrasystole, which is characterized by extraordinary cardiac tremors. The main symptom of extrasystole is premature contractions of the heart muscle. Patients feel them like bumps or jerks in the chest.
Then, a sinking heart can be observed, which the patient also clearly feels. Usually such attacks are short-lived and soon the heart rate returns to normal again. During extrasystoles, as well as immediately after them, a person may experience fear and anxiety.
An increase in the number of heart beats to 150 and above indicates atrial fibrillation. The patient experiences a lack of oxygen, excitement, severe dizziness. He clearly senses a malfunctioning heart.
Cardiac blockade occurs as a result of the absence of an impulse that stimulates the contraction of the heart muscle, or its serious slowdown. With heart block, the following symptoms are observed: lack of pulse, loss of consciousness, cramps.
Pathology Risk Factors
Risk factors for developing cardiac arrhythmias include:
In people with congenital malformations of the heart, arrhythmias occur more often. Moreover, a number of arrhythmias (for example, Wolf-Parkinson-White syndrome, some supraventricular tachycardia, some forms of the syndrome of an extended QT interval) are congenital.
Diseases of the thyroid gland. With increased thyroid function, there is an increased production of hormones, overall metabolism increases, heart contractions become more frequent and irregular.
Most often, atrial fibrillation develops. With insufficient thyroid function, the metabolism decreases, which causes bradycardia, and in some cases extrasystole.
Electrolytes such as potassium, magnesium, sodium and calcium form the basis for the formation, maintenance and conduction of an electrical impulse in the heart.
Too high or too low concentration of electrolytes in the blood and in the cells of the heart affects the electrical activity of the heart and can cause the development of arrhythmias.
The use of stimulants.
Psychostimulants such as caffeine, nicotine, etc. are the cause of the development of extrasystoles and can also lead over time to the development of more severe heart rhythm disturbances.
The use of amphetamines and cocaine can affect the heart muscle with the development of any of the existing arrhythmias and even lead to sudden cardiac death due to the development of ventricular fibrillation.
How to recognize arrhythmia?
Manifestations of arrhythmias depend on their type, effect on the functioning of the heart and systemic hemodynamics (blood movement, oxygen supply of vital organs). Heart rhythm disturbances may not manifest themselves. Sometimes this is just an unpleasant sensation of its “owner”.
The most common type of arrhythmias is extrasystole. Its causes are unknown, it occurs in 80% of healthy people. A completely harmless arrhythmia for a healthy heart in a single and group form. Not all people feel it, only neurotics, which is associated with the peculiarities of the perception of “rustling” in the body.
It feels like a short heart failure, “somersault”, especially a strong beat or contraction of the heart. If you do not pay attention to it, perception becomes dull, becomes invisible. In another case, when their appearance is given unreasonably increased attention, they begin to be perceived especially colorfully.
There is a fear of cardiac arrest, sudden death, attacks of weakness, dizziness, sweating, and cooling of the extremities join.
Extrasystole with sinus tachycardia is especially common in young people, as a sign of neurosis, physical untraining. The neurosis that causes such sensations progresses to panic attacks that require serious volitional efforts to overcome them. These manifestations of arrhythmias are the most common cause of young men visiting a cardiologist.
In the presence of a serious pathology of the heart, this type of arrhythmia requires attention, observation, and sometimes additional treatment. The conditions for the appearance of extrasystoles are important. At rest, they appear with neurosis, with physical exertion (usually not felt at the same time), their cause can be serious.
Other signs of arrhythmia are heart attacks of various durations: from several minutes to several hours, days. They appear at any time in life. Men are more common in women.
Causes of heart attacks:
- the presence of additional pathways in the heart (when there is no function of synaptic delay of the atrioventricular node);
- alcohol intoxication;
- cardiac ischemia;
- if the cause of heart attacks cannot be found, it is called idiopathic (unknown).
Paroxysmal dizziness, weakness, fainting (the so-called syncope), which are caused by arrhythmias, are rare. Their “owners” are usually people of considerable age (or very young children with congenital heart defects).
These are high-grade blockade of the heart, giving pauses in work for more than 3 seconds or too high heart rate (about 300 per minute). Such conditions do not provide full blood supply to the brain.
What causes cardiac arrhythmia in children
A normal heart beats faster than an adult heart. Only in adolescence, the heart rate decreases to 60-80 beats per minute, which are normal for adults.
The most common causes of cardiac arrhythmias in children are as follows:
- inflammatory heart disease;
- heart defects (congenital or acquired);
- poisoning of a different nature, including drug;
- vegetative-vascular dystonia;
- mitral valve prolapse;
- small abnormalities of the development of the heart;
- heart tumors;
- diseases of other internal organs.
Also, arrhythmias can be hereditary or provoked by severe pneumonia, tonsillitis, bronchitis, intestinal infections.
Diagnosis of the disease
For the diagnosis of LDCs, the main thing (taking into account complaints) is the ECG method, its modifications. Of particular importance for analysis is the recording of an ECG at the time of arrhythmia. The determination of its type and the need for medical interventions depend on this.
ECGs can be recorded on paper or digital media using stationary or portable devices called electrocardiographs. They can be configured for continuous recording, fragmentary (after certain periods of time set by the program), “on demand” – the recording mode determined by the patient or the situation provided for by the recording program.
Hospitals use paper-based models with ECG recording in 12 standard leads (electrode locations). Analysis of stationary ECG, subject to professional recording, is considered more complete. Portable models have a limited number of leads, quite sufficient to identify the type of arrhythmia.
A modification of the ECG method is Holter ECG monitoring (HMECG). Continuous ECG recording is performed in 1-2 or more days. It depends on the software of the HMECG system. There are monitors designed for very long periods of wearing (months).
This method is used for the quantitative analysis of the types of rhythm disturbances, registration on the ECG of syncopal episodes that reveal their causes. In some cases, when it is not possible to record an episode of arrhythmia, it is possible to provoke it with the participation of a doctor by the method of electrophysiological research (EFI).
These can be methods of intracardiac or transesophageal electrostimulation of the heart with ECG recording. The properties of the conducting system of the heart, the nodes of automatism are studied. This research method is easily tolerated by children, women, a rare man treats him without fear.
At the initial stage, diagnostic procedures are performed by a qualified cardiologist or therapist. After listening to the patient’s complaints, the specialist determines the peripheral pulse, which is typical for rhythm disturbances in the human heart.
With a deeper investigation of the problem, a variety of diagnostic procedures are prescribed. They can be divided into invasive and non-invasive methods.
The second group includes:
- ECG. For several minutes, the heart, its rhythm and frequency are carefully studied. An ECG reveals extremely clear and persistent arrhythmias.
- Daily monitoring. It allows you to identify those rhythm disturbances that are not permanent, but temporary.
- Echo-KG. Diagnosis allows the specialist to determine the organic causes of the ailment.
Invasive methods are more complex. They allow a qualified doctor to artificially cause the development of an ailment. An invasive technique makes it possible to determine the mechanism of arrhythmia, which increases the chances of effective treatment.
Doctors often use the following method. In the chest area, catheter electrodes are attached.
Their main responsibility is to register the endocardial electrogram in various areas of the human organ. This method is called endocardial ECG.
To begin the correct treatment, it is necessary to compare its indicators with the data obtained through a conventional ECG.
There are also auxiliary tests, the main purpose of which is the professional diagnosis of coronary insufficiency.
Only with a full and correct examination is a successful treatment possible. An integrated approach allows the specialist to determine the degree of development of the disease and prevent possible complications.
Treatment and its need
Not all arrhythmias need treatment. Its need is determined by the type, subjective tolerance of cardiac arrhythmias, hemodynamic changes. It is considered superfluous to treat arrhythmia with a healthy heart, if it does not change the blood flow indicators in any way. In this case, the harm from the use of medicines is much greater than from the presence of cardiac arrhythmias.
Sometimes a man subjectively poorly tolerates even single harmless extrasystoles or tachycardia. This happens with neurosis, panic attacks. We have to recommend such patients a short-term intake of drugs that improve the tolerance of arrhythmia.
Usually these are sedatives of plant origin (valerian, motherwort, etc.) in the form of freshly prepared infusions. Much less often, small doses of drugs are prescribed that reduce the heart rate.
A mandatory recommendation (which is often neglected by a man) is treatment by a psychotherapist or psychiatrist. Attention is always paid to physical activity in the daily regimen, its gradual expansion leads to the elimination of manifestations of neurosis and facilitates the perception of arrhythmias.
Men, as a rule, consider taking medications sufficient. Their perception of rhythm disturbances is accompanied by depression, impaired potency, a negative attitude to physical training. It is an infrequent option when the stronger sex copes with a neurosis on its own.
Other types of arrhythmias with hemodynamic disorders, for example, atrial fibrillation, paroxysms of tachycardia with a high heart rate, blockade are successfully treated promptly. There are many varieties of surgical techniques for these reasons, the choice is made by the doctor – arrhythmologist, explaining to the patient the essence of the intervention (RFA, EX).
The results of surgical treatment depend on the condition of the patient, the experience of a cardiac surgeon. From 50 to 90% of operations have good results. Some forms of paroxysms of cardiac arrhythmias are tolerated quite successfully (supraventricular tachycardia), rarely repeated (once a year or several years).
Their surgical treatment may be delayed indefinitely. There are cases when the operation is impractical or the patient has no desire to be operated on.
In such situations, medication is prescribed for arrhythmia. It can have a planned character, with a long intake of prescribed doses of drugs or emergency (stationary or at home) to stop the resulting paroxysm.
Men are characterized by inaccuracy in fulfilling the doctor’s recommendations on drug therapy. As a result, they have a higher frequency of emergency situations with rhythm disturbances.
Surgical treatment method
Surgical procedures for treating cardiac arrhythmias are rarely used, and only when the drug method is ineffective. Implantation of a pacemaker. A pacemaker is a case with the necessary electronics inside and a battery that lasts for about 10 or more years.
Two or three small wiring with electrodes are connected to a pacemaker. During a surgical operation, they are passed through the blood vessels to the heart itself, or rather, to the atrium and ventricle.
If necessary, sending electrical impulses that irritate the myocardium, a pacemaker replaces the sinus node and the conduction system of the heart.
Thus, implantation (establishment) of a programmable device allows you to return to the patient suffering from arrhythmia, the normal rhythm of contractions of the heart muscle. The installation of a pacemaker occurs more often under local anesthesia.
It is implanted under the skin or under the pectoral muscle, for which the surgeon makes an incision, about 4 centimeters in size. Defibrillator implantation. A defibrillator is an apparatus that is similar in principle to a pacemaker and that provides restoration of synchronous contraction of cardiac fibers using electric discharges of various capacities, from less than 1 to 40 J.
A defibrillator is implanted in the upper chest, making an incision for this. After this, the electrodes are introduced and tested to find the most optimal location. Then the electrodes are attached to the defibrillator, and, after testing its automatic function, the incision in the patient’s chest is sutured.
The last step follows: defibrillator programming. Studies have shown that for some patients with arrhythmias, defibrillator implantation is more effective than drug treatment when it comes to prolonging life.
Radiofrequency ablation (RFA). This is a minimally invasive surgical procedure developed in the nineties of the last century, which allows you to completely cure certain types of arrhythmias. The procedure is carried out in case of too high a heart rate, with pulse deficiency.
The essence of RFA is that with the help of a special catheter small punctures are made, through which the cauterization of a specific, problematic section of the conducting structures of the heart using radio waves is done.
To understand exactly on which part of the heart to perform ablation, an electrophysiological study is carried out immediately before this procedure. Through ablation, normal heart rate is restored. The greatest effect of RFA is achieved with WPW syndrome.
Folk remedies for the treatment of cardiac arrhythmias
Here you need to be very careful and start treatment with folk remedies only after consultation with your doctor. But always you should first establish a diet.
Patients with arrhythmias are advised to drink milk daily and include parsley and celery in their meals. But coffee and strong tea is better to remove from the menu.
Of the preparations of the green pharmacy, Adonis spring has been shown to be highly effective, although it should be taken carefully and after a two-week treatment take a break for the same period.
During treatment, 10% tincture of adonis is taken 15 drops three times a day. Along with the use of this drug, it is necessary to take diuretics to excrete cardiac glycosides from the body, which are contained in Adonis.
An infusion is prepared from this plant, for which they take 2 teaspoons of chopped and well-dried herbs, brew it with a glass of boiling water, and then let it brew for about 2 hours.
Take the infusion 3-4 times for 1-2 tbsp. spoons. It should be remembered that an overdose can result in vomiting and nausea.
To prepare the infusion, you need to take 1-2 tablespoons of flowers, pour a lot of boiling water over a liter and let it brew. After 20 minutes, the product is filtered and drunk like tea.
There are many more recipes for various herbs and plants used in cardiac arrhythmias. But the patient and his relatives should remember that effective treatment with folk remedies will only be when it is controlled by a specialist.
Therefore, with any changes in the condition, especially with prolonged attacks of arrhythmia, you must definitely seek emergency medical help.
Preventive methods for preventing illness
Like any disease, arrhythmia can be prevented if the following conditions are met:
- treat infectious diseases on time;
- treat diseases such as arterial hypertension, thyroid gland pathologies, and cardiovascular disorders, interrelated with arrhythmia;
- Necessarily balanced nutrition;
- adherence to the day;
- physical activity should be moderate;
- categorical cessation of smoking and alcohol;
- strict control over body weight, blood sugar, blood pressure;
- try to avoid stressful situations.
Following these guidelines and maintaining a healthy lifestyle will help you avoid many serious illnesses and prolong your active life for decades.
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