Plait overlap is the most effective temporary way to stop bleeding from the main limb arteries. But this method is quite traumatic, since it completely stops blood circulation in the tissues located below the site of application and, if used improperly, can lead to serious complications. Therefore, it is necessary to clearly distinguish between arterial and venous bleeding.
If artery damage occurs, the following symptoms are observed.
- The color of blood is bright red, scarlet, saturated.
- Blood flows out of jerks, which corresponds to heartbeats. In case of damage to the main artery, the stream literally hits the fountain.
- Blood loss occurs very quickly. Without emergency care, the victim can get hypovolemic shock within minutes. If the bleeding is not stopped, the death will occur in 5-10 minutes.
There are several tricks, most often they are combined. The fastest temporary way to stop bleeding from an artery is to press the vessel with your finger to the protrusion of the underlying bone above the site of injury. After that, prepare all the necessary materials and impose a tourniquet or twist. These are the most effective ways to temporarily stop arterial bleeding on the vessels of the limbs.
If the lateral branch of the main artery is damaged, a pressure bandage may be used.
The methods for temporarily stopping bleeding from a vein are different from those for arterial damage. Bleeding from a vein is characterized by the following symptoms.
- Blood flows smoothly.
- The color of blood is dark and cherry.
- The intensity of bleeding is less than with damage to the artery, but without assisting with the violation of the integrity of large veins, significant blood loss, a drop in blood pressure and death from hypovolemic shock are also possible.
With extensive damage to the venous vessels of the limb, a tourniquet may be applied according to the same principles as with venous bleeding. In other cases, a pressure bandage is applied or the limb is bent.
Ways to stop venous bleeding through the use of a pressure bandage:
Temporarily squeeze the vein, pressing it with your finger or dragging a limb with a bandage.
It is possible to press the vein and stop the bleeding using the limb flexion method. In the place of the fold lay a dense cushion of fabric or bandage, the limb bend as much as possible and fixed in this position using a strip of fabric, belt, bandage.
Ways to temporarily stop bleeding are used for traumatic damage to the arteries and veins. The victim is given first aid, stabilized and transported to the hospital, where surgical methods are used to restore the integrity of the vessels.
First aid for bleeding should be included in the basic knowledge of each person. No one is safe from the fact that bleeding will occur in loved ones or in a passerby on the street. During the time when the ambulance arrives, a person may lose a lot of blood, which will negatively affect his health, and with bleeding from deep veins it is possible that the victim will die.
Venous bleeding can be of different locations and help varies. Allocate bleeding from:
Veins of the head and neck;
Superficial veins of limbs;
Deep vein limbs.
In order to properly provide emergency care, it is necessary to distinguish venous bleeding from arterial or capillary.
Signs of venous bleeding are:
The outflow from the wound of dark blood is not a pulsating or weakly pulsating stream;
Pallor, weakness, with great blood loss – loss of consciousness;
Drop in blood pressure
Tachycardia (increased heart rate)
If the superficial veins of the hands and feet are damaged, unexpressed bleeding with dark blood is noted, which stops after a few minutes on its own. However, you should not hope for it and do not carry out first aid, as in this way minor damage to deep veins can also appear. In addition, with increased pressure, alcohol intoxication and blood diseases, the rate of blood clot formation slows down, and bleeding may increase.
It is also worth noting that the deep veins are located on the inner side of the limbs, so when localizing the damage in this area, it is better to immediately assume their damage and take appropriate emergency measures.
If bleeding from superficial veins, rinse the wound with hydrogen peroxide and apply a tight bandage. To do this, a sterile napkin is applied to the wound, a tight ball of cotton wool on it and tightly bandaged in circular passages. After applying a tight bandage, you should definitely consult a doctor. If the dressing is significantly saturated with blood and the bleeding does not stop, then deep vein damage should be assumed and a tourniquet applied.
Bleeding from the deep veins of the limbs, as well as the veins of the neck and head, requires urgent measures, since in a short period of time a person will lose a large enough amount of blood. A decrease in circulating blood volume can lead to shock, acute renal failure, and other conditions that threaten life.
If you suspect bleeding from deep veins, you must:
To give the limb an elevated position;
To the place of bleeding attach an ice bubble or a heating pad with cold water;
As soon as possible, deliver the victim to the clinic.
If the veins of the neck are damaged, there is a problem in clamping a bleeding vessel, because it is quite natural that you cannot use a tourniquet. If there is a likelihood of developing such a condition, the person should be taken to the hospital as soon as possible.
Emergency care in this case includes the following activities:
It is necessary to squeeze the bleeding vessel with your fingers above and below the site of damage, if possible, pressing it to the bone base;
A tissue moistened with hydrogen peroxide tightly clamp the wound, thereby preventing air from entering the bloodstream and developing an air embolism;
Apply cold to the site of bleeding;
Urgently deliver the victim to the nearest hospital, where the vessel will be sutured.
With nosebleeds, a cotton swab moistened with hydrogen peroxide should be introduced into the nasal passage. Then press the wing of the nose to the nose. To stop bleeding, you should not throw your head back, especially if the victim is unconscious. This will cause the blood to drain down the back of the throat and can enter the airways.
The success of the measures taken and the restoration of the limb after providing medical care depend on the correctness of the application of the tourniquet. The tourniquet can be applied for 1,5-2 hours in the summer and for 1-1,5 hours in the winter. In addition, every hour in the summer and every half hour in the winter, it should be weakened for several minutes, while pressing the damaged vein to the bone to prevent the restoration of bleeding.
The rules for applying a tourniquet for venous bleeding are as follows:
Since venous blood flows from the distal to the proximal, the tourniquet is superimposed below the site of injury as close to the wound as possible;
Clothing or fabric lining should be applied to the skin so as not to injure soft tissues;
With vigorous movements, the tourniquet stretches and wraps around the limb;
The turns are arranged one after another, without pinching the skin together;
Each subsequent round should go a little to the previous one;
After two or three turns, the tension of the bundle can be somewhat relaxed;
Attach a note to the limb indicating the time of applying the tourniquet or write the time on the patient’s skin;
The tourniquet itself should not be covered with clothing, it is necessary that it immediately catches the eye.
The correctness of applying a tourniquet in case of damage to the veins is determined by the absence of bleeding, but the preservation of pulsation in the arteries (beam or foot arteries). The technique of emergency care for venous bleeding is quite simple. The main thing is not to get confused and do everything according to the algorithm. Emergency care in many respects determines the prognosis for recovery and the patient’s life, therefore everyone should possess these skills.
Article author: Alekseeva Maria Yurievna | General practitioner
About the doctor: From 2010 to 2016 Practitioner of the therapeutic hospital of the central health unit No. 21, the city of elektrostal. Since 2016, he has been working in the diagnostic center No. 3.
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Veins are called thin vessels that transport blood from numerous capillaries, a network of tissues and organs covering the heart muscle. For venous hemorrhage, it is important to find out the place of its occurrence. It largely depends on how to provide first aid to the victim.
The place for blood loss is subcutaneous and deep in the tissues:
- veins of the hands;
- leg veins;
- veins of the neck and head.
If the wound is not open and venous hemorrhage occurs inside the body, only a doctor can determine the location and make the correct diagnosis. According to external signs, it is impossible to draw conclusions about the type of blood loss to a person without a medical education.
The following circumstances lead to venous blood loss:
- superficial wounds and injuries of various kinds;
- varicose veins, in which bleeding occurs from an enlarged vessel;
- high blood pressure;
- diseases of the hematopoietic system.
The victim has venous bleeding characterized by several important symptoms:
- in the area where the venous vessel passes, there is damage or an open wound;
- dark shade of blood;
- blood pours out in a continuous stream;
- there is no jet ripple or it is very weak;
- squeezing the vessel near the damaged area leads to a decrease in flow intensity;
- the limb below the wound is in a normal state for a long time, since blood circulation is disturbed only when both veins accompanying the artery are damaged;
- the skin becomes pale, adynamia is observed, loss of consciousness is possible if the bleeding is very strong;
- high blood pressure;
- heart rhythm disorder.
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- Main features
- First aid for venous bleeding on points
- Main features
- First aid for internal bleeding
- Signs of bleeding from a vein
- Pressing the vessel with your fingers
- Methods of circular compression
- Signs of bleeding from a vein
- Main features
- Venous bleeding: first aid, methods of stopping blood from veins and a tourniquet
- How to apply a tourniquet
First aid for venous bleeding on points
Through thin vessels, blood is directed to the heart from the capillary network located in all tissues and organs of the human body.
In the event of an injury, any action prior to the arrival of an ambulance should begin by determining the type of damage.
- from the head and neck;
- veins of the legs and arms.
Internal violation of the integrity of the vessels is not available visual analysis. The specialist will determine where the blood loss comes from.
The causes of the emergency are as follows:
- injuries (injuries, accidents, falls);
- varicose veins: distended vessels are not able to hold the pressure of blood pressure and burst;
- diseases associated with the process of hematopoiesis;
- hypertension: atherosclerosis and similar diseases make the walls brittle and unstable with respect to blood pressure.
Not the most dangerous damage: even a complete rupture of the veins does not lead to instant death. But it occurs with a prolonged lack of medical care: blood does not flow out quickly, but in large volumes.
Areas requiring special attention are:
- vein of the forearm;
- lower legs and thighs;
- on the rear feet.
If such a vein is injured, there is a danger of not noticing the problem on time, misinterpreting the symptoms. Therefore, at the slightest suspicion of such damage, they turn to doctors.
Such bleeding is dangerous, not only by the risk of losing a significant amount of blood, but also by the fact that an air embolism can occur: when breathing through the wound, air bubbles enter the circulatory system and are carried by the blood stream to the heart muscle. And this is fatal.
Usually the victims are lost at the sight of a large amount of blood and do not know what to do, they panic, which only complicates the situation. Therefore, for first aid, basic knowledge is required, which every person should possess.
Veins are the thinnest vessels that carry blood from the network of capillaries located in organs and tissues to the main organ of man – the heart. Venous bleeding is characterized by the place of blood flow, because the methods that will be chosen during first aid depend on it.
- veins of the head and neck;
- superficial and deep veins of the upper limbs;
- superficial and deep veins of the lower extremities.
If there is a risk of internal venous bleeding in the body (also in the upper or lower extremities) or organs of a person, then only a doctor can diagnose it and determine localization, since external signs of venous bleeding do not allow drawing conclusions about the type of bleeding.
The causes of such bleeding can be identified as follows:
- injuries and superficial wounds (knife, gunshot, fragmentation, etc.);
- varicose veins (bleeding from dilated veins);
- diseases of the hematopoietic system;
- arterial hypertension.
It is important to distinguish venous bleeding from other types of bleeding: arterial or capillary.
Venous bleeding has a number of signs, the most characteristic of which are:
- The presence of injury or injury of any type in the venous passage.
- Blood color is dark red.
- Hemorrhage occurs in an even continuous stream.
- The blood stream does not pulsate or pulsates very weakly.
- If you press on the vein near the site of injury, the intensity of bleeding decreases.
- Long-term preservation of the limb below the site of blood flow in normal condition. This is due to the fact that each vein is usually accompanied by two veins, so blood circulation in the limbs can be impaired only with heavy blood loss.
- Pallor of the skin, adynamia, with massive blood loss, you can lose consciousness.
- Arterial hypertension.
Let’s note some important points:
- If the superficial veins of the upper or lower extremities (hands and feet) are damaged, then mild bleeding is observed, which can itself stop for a short time. But to carry out first aid in this case, all the same is necessary, since damage and deeper veins can be detected. Deep veins are usually located on the inside of the limb.
- It should be borne in mind that high blood pressure, blood diseases, as well as alcohol intoxication adversely affect the rate of blood coagulation and bleeding may increase.
We emphasize that everyone should know how to stop venous bleeding. The basic first aid algorithm involves:
- pinching with fingers above and below the site of damage, pressing it to the bone as hard as possible;
- tight wound clamping with a cotton swab, thereby preventing the development of air embolism;
- application of cold and pressure dressing to the site of bleeding;
- urgent hospitalization of the victim.
For this reason, bleeding from the distal (further from the torso) segments of the upper and lower extremities (forearm, hand, foot) is not as dangerous as from the proximal (closer to the torso). And the methods of first aid will vary, including depending on the place of blood flow (superficial or deep veins).
(hand, forearm, foot)
Therefore, how competently the tourniquet is applied, one can judge the success of the first aid provided and the restoration of the damaged lower or upper limb after inpatient treatment.
Rules for stopping venous bleeding with a tourniquet:
- The tourniquet is imposed below the site of injury, but as close to damage as possible.
- Before you make a constriction with a tourniquet, it is better to attach a tissue to the skin so as not to damage it.
- The tourniquet is pulled with quick movements and wrapped around a limb. It is important not to pinch the skin between the turns, so the turns should be slightly on top of each other.
- It is important to remember or record the time of applying the tourniquet: you can apply the tourniquet for 1,5-2 hours in the summer and 1-1,5 hours in the winter.
If neck and head veins are damaged, a tourniquet cannot be used. In this case, all that needs to be done is to bring the victim to the hospital as soon as possible, since profuse loss of blood threatens his life.
If there is a suspicion of internal venous bleeding (for example, bleeding from dilated veins), then do the following:
- lay the victim so that the lower limbs are located above the head;
- apply cold if an injury to the abdomen or chest has occurred;
- call an ambulance.
It is important to act immediately so that the volume of blood lost does not exceed 10% of all blood circulation, since with significant losses shock, acute renal failure, and other life-threatening conditions are possible.
The causes of such bleeding can be pathologies of the circulatory system, varicose veins, wounds and injuries, including gunshot, fragmentation, knife and others.
The hallmarks of venous bleeding, allowing you to diagnose it from other species, include:
- Dark color of blood.
- Blood flow in a continuous uniform stream or with very weak pulsation (in case of damage to large vessels).
- Injuries or wounds in the vein.
- When pressed into the wound area, bleeding decreases.
- Prolonged preservation of the limb in good condition. Violation of it occurs only with very severe bleeding.
- Paleness and coldness of the skin, impaired mobility of the limb, and in severe cases – loss of consciousness.
With damage to the superficially located veins of the limbs, bleeding is usually mild, often quickly stops. But you still need to carry out first aid measures, as symptoms of deep vein damage can occur in the future.
It should be borne in mind that with alcohol intoxication, the presence of blood pathologies and high blood pressure, blood coagulation is lower and blood loss may be greater.
Signs of superficial venous bleeding include:
- dark red or burgundy color of the outgoing skin;
- higher blood viscosity than arterial bleeding;
- slow speed of blood flow;
- lack of ripple;
- wounds and damage in the area of passage of superficial veins.
Of the features of venous bleeding can be identified:
- More intense bleeding is observed from the lower end of the damaged vein. This is due to blood flow in these vessels, directed from the bottom up.
- In small superficial veins, a blood clot often forms itself, which leads to a spontaneous cessation of blood flow.
- With damage to large veins, bleeding is not able to stop by itself.
Signs of deep vein damage include:
- The rapid flow of blood of dark shades from the entire wound, while there is no pulsation of the blood stream.
- Rapid increase in signs of blood loss, impaired general condition and well-being of the victim, loss of consciousness, collapse, pressure drop.
- With pressing and applying a pressure dressing, bleeding does not become weaker.
- The location of the wound on the inside of the limb is considered particularly severe bleeding from the brachial and femoral veins.
Externally, it is almost impossible to determine the presence of internal bleeding. The victim can show only signs of general blood loss, such as dizziness, confusion or loss of consciousness, pallor and coldness of the skin, cyanosis of the mucous membranes, cold sweat and so on.
Identify internal bleeding and determine its type can only be a specialist.
Therefore, if after a serious injury, fall, severe injury, accident or in other similar situations, the victim has the above symptoms, he must be urgently taken to a medical facility or called an ambulance.
With bleeding from the superficial veins of the forearm, hand or foot, the following actions must be taken:
- A damaged vein is pressed through the skin slightly below the site of injury. If this measure is ineffective, the vessel should be squeezed on the other side of the wound.
- Then the limb is placed in an elevated position relative to the rest of the body.
- The wound is treated with peroxide or any other similar means and covered with a clean dressing, capturing areas above and below the site of damage. You can squeeze the wound itself with a gauze roller.
- The final stop of bleeding is carried out if necessary in a hospital. There, the doctor examines the wound and chooses a method to stop the bleeding, usually suturing or dressing of the damaged vessel.
First aid for internal bleeding
Internal bleeding is much more insidious than external, as it is far from always possible to recognize them in time. Therefore, you need to know about the main symptoms of this condition:
- frequent weak pulse;
- low pressure;
- pallor and moisture of the skin (cold sweat);
- feeling of lack of air;
- flickering of “flies” before the eyes;
- loss of consciousness or fainting;
- with gastrointestinal bleeding, bloody vomiting appears, similar to coffee, or liquid, dark, strongly smelling stool (melena);
- if lung tissue is damaged, a cough occurs with sputum mixed with blood;
- if blood accumulates in the pleural cavity, then signs of respiratory failure appear.
For these symptoms, call an ambulance. You can also alleviate the condition of the patient yourself:
- It is necessary to provide maximum peace to the victim. If bleeding is suspected in the abdominal cavity, it should be laid down, with symptoms of blood accumulation in the lungs – give a half-sitting position. In no case should you anesthetize, feed and drink.
- Ensure maximum airflow into the room.
- Due to vasospasm, bleeding becomes slightly less if ice (for example, to the stomach) or a cold object is applied.
- Maintain the patient’s mind through talking, irritating substances (cotton wool with ammonia).
Once again on how not to make mistakes that can harm the victim by providing first aid for bleeding. With bleeding, you can not:
- take out large objects, as this will lead to additional damage to the vessels;
- treat the wound surface with antiseptics, for example, brilliant green or iodine;
- remove blood clots and blood clots from the wound;
- touch the wound with your hands (even clean);
- remove the pressure bandage that has been saturated with blood;
- impose a tourniquet without special need;
- applying a tourniquet does not fix the imposition time;
- impose a tourniquet under the clothes or cover it with a bandage, since under it they may not immediately be detected;
- Do not feed, drink and anesthetize if you suspect internal bleeding;
- stopping the blood, you can not calm down and procrastinate with the delivery of the victim to the hospital.
In cases of serious bleeding, it is necessary to get professional medical help as soon as possible. If the capillaries and small veins are damaged, they usually manage to cope on their own. However, even in this case, a visit to the emergency room will not be superfluous, since medical workers will properly treat the wound and learn how to monitor it in order to avoid some complications.
Internal venous bleeding can be very dangerous. It has blurry signs, since no outflow of blood is observed, and this greatly complicates the diagnosis. And the patient may exhibit general symptoms of blood loss. They are expressed in weakness, dizziness and pallor of the skin.
Remember that if there is reason to suspect that the victim has internal damage to the vein, do not try to determine for yourself whether it is or not, because in this case only a doctor can make a diagnosis and find the place of injury.
If there is reason to think that the victim may have internal venous bleeding, then you should worry so that the patient lies down, and that part of the surface where the head is located should be lowered, and the one where the legs are raised.
For injuries in the abdomen or chest, you can put a cold compress on the affected area. Remember that the victim should not be given water and food. In this case, painkillers taken without the recommendation of a doctor may also be dangerous.
Signs of bleeding from a vein
First aid for venous bleeding should be carried out strictly according to the points:
- Pinch a bleeding vessel with your fingers above and below the wound;
- Put a pressure dressing on the wound, it can be made of bandage, gauze or improvised materials. This will make it possible to avoid air embolism;
- Apply cold to the site of bleeding;
- If the vein is damaged, below the movable joint, and there are no available tools to create a pressure bandage, then you can stop the blood by flexing the limb as much as possible, while the vessels naturally contract;
- Also, to stop the blood, a tourniquet can be applied to the limb;
- Take the patient immediately to the hospital to suture the damaged vessel.
Each type of bleeding has its own characteristic symptoms that determine it. For first aid for venous bleeding, as with any other, you need to know the relevant signs. Table No. 1 presents the symptoms of external hemorrhage.
|Blood of a dark color, flows slowly and evenly, with very weak pulsation||Bright scarlet blood is thrown out by a pulsating stream||Blood color is lighter than with venous bleeding, but darker than with arterial|
|Blood pressure is stronger at the bottom of the lesion||The patient’s condition quickly worsens, pallor of the skin appears, the pulse quickens||Blood oozes over the entire surface of the wound, but it is difficult to discern individual vessels|
|In rare cases, there are signs of severe pulsation, which are directly related to the pulse wave of the artery||Patient’s blood pressure drops sharply||Capillary bleeding is dangerous only if the patient has a disease that affects blood coagulation. In all other cases, it is not dangerous.|
|The patient turns pale, he has a rapid heartbeat and dizziness||There is nausea, vomiting, darkening in the eyes, loss of consciousness|
|If large veins are damaged, they may become clogged with air bubbles, which can lead to death||If help is not provided in a timely manner, the patient dies|
|If the superficial veins of the feet and hands are damaged, slight bleeding appears, stopping on its own after a few minutes. Without appropriate assistance, it may resume.|
First aid for venous bleeding includes the following actions:
- Raise the limb to reduce blood flow to the damaged area;
- Rinse the wound with a solution of hydrogen peroxide;
- Put a napkin soaked in this solution on the wound, cover with a tight cotton ball on top. You can also use a dressing bag for this purpose;
- Then the limb is wrapped with a bandage, and on top they cover with a scarf. A tight dressing should be applied below the site of damage;
- If the blood does not stop, a tourniquet must be applied.
Damaged small superficial veins can thrombose on their own, which leads to spontaneous arrest of blood.
When deep veins are injured, bleeding is more intense, and in a short period the patient may lose a large amount of blood, therefore it is necessary to stop it as soon as possible.
The methods of stopping venous bleeding primarily include the application of a tourniquet. Then apply ice or a heating pad with cold water to the damaged area and take the patient to the doctor. Every half hour, the cold must be removed for 10 minutes.
With bleeding in the region of the main saphenous veins of the shoulder or thigh, medical attention is necessary, since the blood stops flowing independently in very rare cases. Diseases (leukemia, hemophilia, thrombocytopenia), alcohol intoxication or the use of blood-thinning drugs (Aspirin, Cardiomagnyl) lead to increased blood loss.
By the way, in people with high blood pressure, intoxicated, as well as with blood diseases (hemophilia, leukemia, etc.), bleeding can be intensified and give in to attempts to stop it.
It should be noted right away that venous bleeding, along with the risk of losing a large amount of blood, has another dangerous point – in case of injury, for example, of the cervical veins, air can be absorbed into damaged places during respiratory movements. And this threatens with a serious complication, which can even lead to death, – an air embolism.
What to do in this situation? After all, as you know, it is impossible to impose a tight bandage on your neck, and even more so a tourniquet! The main thing is to keep calm. Before the doctors arrive, be sure to lay the victim on a flat surface, and put a tampon in the form of a rolled-up napkin or bandage soaked in peroxide on his wound, and press the vein in the wound with your fingers. This, unfortunately, is the only way to help. Pinch the vein until the doctors arrive.
Pressing the vessel with your fingers
With your thumb or four fingers, the vessel is pressed against the protrusion of the bone above the damaged area. The pulse below the pressure point should be absent. You need to know the points in advance, having trained yourself or your partner.
- The carot >
It is important to remember that finger presses are difficult to perform over time. Therefore, after stopping the bleeding, apply a tourniquet or, in its absence, a twist using the means at hand.
Methods of circular compression
With this method, all the vessels are compressed by the soft tissues of the limb. Blood supply below the place of overlap completely stops. Applying the methods of temporary stop external bleeding by circular compression of the limb, it is important to follow the basic rules.
- Impose a tourniquet in a strictly defined place, otherwise you can damage the nerves of the limb. They try to make it as close as possible to the wound, but not touching the damaged tissues.
- It is impossible to impose a tourniquet in case of inflammation in the place of application.
- Control the duration of the overlay harness. It is no more than 1,5 hours in the winter and 2 hours in the summer. Attach a note indicating the exact time of the imposition, fixing it on the victim’s clothes or directly under the tourniquet.
- It is forbidden to cover the harness with clothing or a bandage. It should be visible.
- To prevent injury to soft tissue, a bandage, piece of cloth, or other soft material is placed under the rope.
Place to overlay:
- Mid calf.
- Lower third of forearm.
- Upper third of the shoulder.
- Just below the middle of the thigh.
- The root of the limb with fixation to the body.
Signs of bleeding from a vein
Therefore, it is necessary to know the features of venous bleeding and how to stop them.
First aid for
bleeding is right
assessment of the type of bleeding, severity
the patient’s condition and the application of
or another way to temporarily stop
Bleeding. First Aid Paramedic
or feldsher-midwife station should immediately stop the outside
bleeding and provide immediate
transportation of the injured to medical
• puts the patient and holds
peripheral vein catheterization
catheter diameter sufficient for
jet injection of solutions;
• performs urinary catheterization
bubble (if it is impossible to self
urination) soft catheter for
control hourly and daily urine output;
• takes blood to determine the group
supplies and rhesus supplies
(blood must be taken before
polyglucin transfusions, as possible
errors during the study);
• imposes electrodes for
• with bleeding from the gastrointestinal
the tract introduces a nasogastric tube for
bleeding control and conducting
• registers key indicators
patient status in the observation map
(body temperature, pulse, blood pressure, diuresis).
When thinking about how to stop venous bleeding with a wound on the thigh or shoulder, remember that a pressure bandage and an elevated position of the limb are only a temporary remedy in this situation. In case of deep vein injury, medical attention is required!
A large wound should be tamponized tightly with a bandage folded in several layers (it is best not to unwind it and use a whole roll for the tampon) moistened with hydrogen peroxide, after which a dense pressure dressing is applied to it. If the bandage gets wet, it means it was not tight enough – increase the number of layers of gauze or bandage and try to make it tighter.
From all of the above, you have probably already seen that it is possible to stop venous bleeding. And although it is quite hazardous to health, properly provided first aid will help the victim safely cope with blood loss. The main thing is not to lose your head, not to be afraid of the sight of a large amount of blood (by the way, it always seems that it spilled more than it actually is), not to turn over the victim unless absolutely necessary, and not to show him his fright.
With a correctly applied bandage, as well as timely seeking medical help, the problem will be successfully resolved, and the patient’s health will be preserved. Be healthy!
Venous bleeding: first aid, methods of stopping blood from veins and a tourniquet
Methods of temporary stopping external bleeding from the arteries of the extremities with the help of a harness are carried out in the following order.
- Under the bundle enclose soft material.
- Stretch harness, impose the first coil tight, the subsequent loosen. Bleeding should stop immediately after applying the first round; there is no pulse below. With insufficient compression, venous congestion will develop and the limb will turn blue.
- When applying to the root of the limb in the armpit or in the inguinal fold under the tourniquet put a roll of bandage to ensure the pressure of the artery to the bone protrusion. Plait impose a “figure of eight” to prevent it from sl >
If more than 2 hours have passed from the moment of application, the tourniquet must be loosened for 15 minutes without removing from the limb. At this time, the artery is pinched with a finger. The tourniquet is again applied to a place slightly higher than the previous one and for a shorter period. When reapplying the tourniquet, the Gersh-Zhorov method can be applied.
With this method, an anti-stop – a wooden tire – is placed on the opposite side of the limb. Blood circulation is thus partially preserved. The same method is used to apply a tourniquet to the carotid artery. As a counter stop in the absence of a tire, use the victim’s hand on the opposite side, lifting it up.
In the absence of a standard tow, a rubber tube is used. You can also squeeze a limb by applying a twist. A strip of durable material, a scarf, a scarf, a trouser belt is applied to the appropriate place, tied and pulled together with a stick until the artery is compressed and the bleeding stops.
The stick is fixed on the limbs with a bandage.
How to apply a tourniquet
In case of damage to a large vessel and at risk of severe blood loss, the tourniquet will help stop venous bleeding. But note: in this case it is applied not higher than the wound, as in case of an artery wound, but below it!
The main reason for this dressing is squeezing the veins. Therefore, remember that by applying a tourniquet, you must definitely check for pulsation in the hand or foot on the damaged limb. By the way, you can apply it no more than 2 hours. And it’s best to slip a note under it indicating the exact time for dragging the wound.
If you have to take the victim to the hospital yourself, do not forget to remove the tourniquet every half hour for several minutes, while pressing the vein with your fingers.
Detonic – a unique medicine that helps fight hypertension at all stages of its development.
The complex effect of plant components of the drug Detonic on the walls of blood vessels and the autonomic nervous system contribute to a rapid decrease in blood pressure. In addition, this drug prevents the development of atherosclerosis, thanks to the unique components that are involved in the synthesis of lecithin, an amino acid that regulates cholesterol metabolism and prevents the formation of atherosclerotic plaques.
Detonic not addictive and withdrawal syndrome, since all components of the product are natural.
Detailed information about Detonic is located on the manufacturer’s page.