Systole is called a short period of time when the heart directs blood to the vessels. The heart muscle contracts, the valve opens.
Diastole is a period of a relaxed state of the heart, at this time a new portion of blood is being prepared. The decrease in lower pressure is due to poor elasticity and vascular tone, the accumulation of cholesterol.
But when the difference between these indicators exceeds 30 units, this indicates pathological deviations. It is necessary to undergo a full examination and begin appropriate treatment.
Blood pressure reflects the total pressure in the arteries, while the indicator in different vessels may differ, this parameter is increased in vessels of large diameter close to the heart. Standard measurement The blood pressure on the arm reflects the pressure in the brachial artery, the norm in this case is 120/80 mm. Hg. Art.
The first digit measures systolic (upper) pressure – the maximum pressure at the time of compression of the heart muscle and the expulsion of blood into the vessels. The indicator directly depends on the strength and heart rate.
The second figure indicates diastolic (lower) pressure, the figure reflects the minimum pressure at the time of relaxation of the heart muscle.
The lower pressure depends on the resistance of the peripheral arteries, it is largely influenced by the patency of the system of small arteries, the pulse rate and the elasticity of the walls of the arteries.
The higher the resistance of the walls, more often the heart rate and the lower the resistance of the walls of the arteries, the higher the diastolic pressure.
The main reason for the reduced pressure is insufficient cardiac muscle power when pumping blood through blood vessels. The cause of hypotension may be the adaptation of the body to new conditions, this phenomenon may also be a symptom of more serious diseases.
It would seem that everything is already known about hypertension. However, scientists around the world continue to work on the study of this chronic disease and methods of dealing with it. Usually, the diagnosis of hypertension is lifelong for most patients.
Blood pressure indicators reflect two phases of the heart – contraction and relaxation. Systolic pressure is manifested during contraction of the heart. After its contraction, the aortic valve closes, the heart is filled with oxygen-enriched blood to contract again. At this time, the blood quietly moves through the vessels, and an indicator of this is called diastolic pressure.
The diagnosis of ISAG will be made if the upper pressure is above 140 – 160 mm Hg and the lower pressure is below 90 mm Hg.
Why is the upper pressure high and the lower low? The disease, of course, is affected by age-related changes. Scientists have already proved that aging is not necessarily the main cause of hypertension, this is only one of the possible causes of the disease. However, the main causes of GIH are:
- genetic factors;
- arteriosclerosis of arteries;
- deviations in the work of the heart;
- hormonal disorders;
- aortic valve insufficiency.
It is with age-related changes that the elasticity of the arteries in which deposits of calcium, collagen, and elastin are reduced. Also, elderly people have impaired functioning of the kidneys, heart, impaired blood circulation and blood flow in the kidneys, cerebral circulation is disturbed or decreased. It is atherosclerosis of the aorta caused by aging of the body that is the main cause of ISH.
Symptoms of GHI are:
- chest pain;
- shortness of breath that occurs both during exertion and when lying down;
- the possibility of fainting;
- palpitations, which are clearly felt even in the absence of stress;
- swelling of the legs, feet, abdomen;
- feeling of weakness.
Sometimes there is an asymptomatic course of the disease, which carries an increased danger, therefore, requires increased attention.
With hypertension, the following drugs are prescribed:
- Diuretics: Lasix, Dichlorothiazide, Veroshpiron, Indapamide, Hypothiazide.
- Alpha-adrenergic blocking agents: Radinol, Artesin, Apressin, Hydralazine, Lopress. These drugs reduce vascular stiffness and cramping, have an antispasmodic effect.
- Beta-blockers: Acrididol, Dilatrend, Carvedrol.
Each drug has its contraindications and side effects, so you should read the instructions.
What to take if the upper pressure is high and the lower is low? For the treatment of isolated systolic hypertension, special medications are prescribed that block calcium channels, drugs aimed at improving the functioning of the cardiovascular system.
Beta blockers are prescribed for heart failure. With a decrease in blood pressure, it is necessary to take drugs from the sartans group. In moderate to severe conditions, complex therapy is practiced. It is she who is considered the most effective in the fight against hypertension.
Timely prescription of drugs and their use give positive results.
In addition to drug treatment, other measures should be taken that contribute to recovery. Overweight people often complain about their health status. Obesity negatively affects the work of the whole body, so you need to get rid of excess weight and further monitor its performance.
With hypertension, it is necessary to get rid of bad habits. Even regardless of the presence or absence of hypertension, smoking and alcohol adversely affect human health. In the case of existing diseases, bad habits can only aggravate the condition.
You should also pay attention to nutrition. It should be healthy and full:
- Food should not be greasy or salty.
- Salt holds water in the body.
- Excess fluid in the bloodstream increases blood pressure, therefore, to lower the pressure, you must carefully monitor the amount of sodium intake.
Light physical activity and staying in the fresh air positively affect the work of the heart at any age. With hypertension, physiotherapy exercises are often prescribed to strengthen the body, corresponding to the state of health and the form of the patient’s disease.
It is necessary to measure blood pressure daily. Daily monitoring is extremely important and is considered mandatory. Timely lowering of pressure will protect the patient from the development of complications.
It should be remembered that compliance with all the rules and prescriptions of the doctor will significantly improve the patient’s health and help prolong his life.
If you have low systolic blood pressure, you must follow these rules:
- Sleep at least 8 hours a day, maybe even 10 hours. Set up “quiet hours” in the daytime.
- Never leave your bed after waking up abruptly. Wake up and get up gradually. Stretch this pleasure for 5 minutes. Otherwise, you will feel dizzy.
- Do light gymnastics daily. Let it become a ritual for you.
- Take a contrast shower every day.
- Eat small meals, at least 5 times. With severe overeating, a lot of blood comes out of the brain, which goes to the stomach. In such situations, dizziness and pain in the head often appear. Eat only full-fledged food with all the necessary vitamins and useful elements, such as: fat, proteins and carbohydrates.
- Provide your own workplace with good lighting. Put a powerful lamp if you cannot be near the window.
- Ventilate the room as often as possible. Fresh air plus moderate humidity will help you normalize and maintain pressure.
Do gymnastics, ventilate the room
Treatment, of course, is always prescribed by the doctor. And it may be for you as follows:
- The doctor will prescribe plant adaptogens. These drugs normalize the nervous system and stimulate the cardiovascular system. Also, drugs in this category over time eliminate severe drowsiness and increase performance. A good drug from this category: a preparation made from prickly Eleutherococcus. Take it 3 times a day before meals, 30 cap.
- The doctor will prescribe alpha-adrenergic agonists. Basically, such drugs are prescribed for syncope and antihypertensive crises, for example, Gutron.
- If necessary, the doctor can still prescribe treatment with drugs that stimulate the nervous system. These drugs include Etimizol and Akrinor.
High PD can be cured by getting rid of the underlying disease. But if high upper pressure and low lower are caused by atherosclerosis, severe heart defects or age-related changes in the body, it is completely impossible to cure it.
If a large PD is triggered by hyperthyroidism, the doctor will prescribe thyreostatic drugs that you will need to take all the time. They suppress the excessive activity of the thyroid gland. During treatment, the hormonal background is normalized, so all unpleasant symptoms disappear, including high pulse pressure.
|Coffee, strong tea, chocolate, spices, salt, fatty meat and fish||Dairy products, fruits, vegetables (especially legumes), poultry, low-fat fish|
If a large PD is triggered by age-related changes in the heart and blood vessels, prescribe medications and drugs to lower the upper pressure:
- Containing potassium and magnesium (Potassium and magnesium asparaginate, Panangin, Aspangin).
- Calcium channel blockers (Verapamil, Diltiazem, Amlodipine). These drugs affect not only the pressure, but also the heart rate, so take them only under the supervision of a doctor.
If high systolic blood pressure and low diastolic pressure are caused by serious defects of the cardiovascular system, you will need to have an operation that will eliminate them. For example, aortic valve replacement.
For problems with pressure it helps very well:
- decoction of the mulberry tree;
- tincture of hawthorn;
- ginseng tincture.
Ginseng contains glycosides, minerals and vitamins necessary for the functioning of the heart muscle and the maintenance of blood vessels, for example: magnesium, potassium, B vitamins.
You can buy the finished product at the pharmacy or prepare the infusion yourself. Drink twenty drops three times a day, diluting in fifty milligrams of water. The course of treatment is fourteen days.
If a problem with pressure occurs in children, ginseng honey is used as a treatment.
To cook it, you need to take ten grams of chopped ginseng root and a glass of linden honey. Twenty-five days, honey should stand. Then you need to remove the roots and take a teaspoon three times a day for a month.
Hawthorn also contains many substances that are beneficial for blood vessels and the heart, such as flavonoids. It is necessary to dilute thirty drops of infusion in one hundred grams of water and take 18 days up to three times a day.
If you decide to use herbs, it is important to tell your doctor about this to avoid various complications. For example, hawthorn is contraindicated in drinking if a patient is taking beta blockers.
Traditional medicine also has in its arsenal quite effective means for the treatment of hypertension. However, it is best to use them in combination with medications.
When hypertension is advised tincture of lemongrass, eleutherococcus and ginseng. Decoctions from mulberry root, grapefruits, honey with nuts and strawberries are also effective.
With hypotension, when it is required to provide lower normal pressure, it is enough to drink a cup of black tea with lemon. It is not recommended to drink coffee, as this drink can provoke the occurrence of tachycardia.
Flax grains also have a beneficial effect on blood pressure, normalizing it. They are taken in three tablespoons as an additive to salads, or in pure form. Flax seeds also normalize lipid metabolism and restore the digestive system. This plant well cleanses the body of toxins and toxins and prevents the development of rotting in the intestines.
Garlic has proven itself well in treating hypertension. With its help, it is possible to stabilize the pressure, prevent the formation of blood clots. This product does not affect the level of cholesterol in the body, but it is able to stop its oxidation from free radicals. Among the beneficial properties of garlic, one should also highlight its anti-inflammatory and hemorrhaging effect.
To normalize the pressure, use the following tool:
- 2 cloves of garlic are chopped into thin slices;
- then they are poured with a glass of water and insisted for about 12 hours;
- take the drug in the morning.
The duration of such treatment is 30 days. With regular consumption of garlic infusion, the pressure can drop by 8%, which confirms the high effectiveness of this drug. Very often, jumps in blood pressure are a symptom of serious pathologies such as arteriosclerosis, a tumor in the brain, and inflammation of the kidneys. Therefore, in order to prevent dangerous consequences, one should seek medical help at the first alarming signs.
From the big difference between systolic and diastolic blood pressure tinctures of ginseng and hawthorn help.
Before using them, consult a cardiologist.
Detonic – a unique medicine that helps fight hypertension at all stages of its development.
The complex effect of plant components of the drug Detonic on the walls of blood vessels and the autonomic nervous system contribute to a rapid decrease in blood pressure. In addition, this drug prevents the development of atherosclerosis, thanks to the unique components that are involved in the synthesis of lecithin, an amino acid that regulates cholesterol metabolism and prevents the formation of atherosclerotic plaques.
Detonic not addictive and withdrawal syndrome, since all components of the product are natural.Detailed information about Detonic is located on the manufacturer’s page .
Ginseng tincture Ginseng contains glycosides that have a beneficial effect on the heart, as well as vitamins and minerals that strengthen blood vessels (potassium, magnesium, iron, vitamins B). This tool helps to increase lower blood pressure, but can also increase systolic.
Take 15–20 drops 3 times a day for 2 weeks. Dilute the product in 30-50 ml of water.
Tincture can be bought at the pharmacy. And also you can make it yourself: for this, take 10 g of dry root, chop it, pour 50 ml of 70% alcohol. Close tightly and insist 21 days. Shake every 1-2 days. After insisting, strain and store in a dark glass bottle.
|Side effects of ginseng tincture||Противопоказания|
|Nausea||Pregnancy and breastfeeding|
|Less commonly, nosebleed|
For children, ginseng honey will be a good alternative to alcohol tincture. To prepare it, take 200 g of linden honey and put there 10 g of chopped root. Let the honey soak – it will take 25 days. Then remove the roots from the honey. Eat 1 tsp. 3 times a day for 3-4 weeks.
Due to this versatile effect on the body, hawthorn lowers systolic pressure and increases diastolic pressure if it is lowered.
Take 20-30 drops of tincture (dilute in 100 ml of water) 3 times a day for 2,5 weeks.
If you are taking drugs from the group of glycosides or beta-blockers, be sure to notify your doctor that you are going to drink hawthorn. A dosage change will be required, since tincture enhances the effect of these medicines.
|Possible side effects||Противопоказания|
|Bradycardia (rare pulse)||Acute gastritis|
|Pregnancy and lactemia|
|Age to 12 years|
You can prepare hawthorn tincture from the fruits of the plant. Take 10 g of dried berries, pour 100 ml of alcohol. Insist 3 weeks in a dark place in a hermetically sealed container, shake every few days. After 21 days, strain.