Nutrition for Hepatitis B

The diet for hepatitis B is one of the fundamental positive factors for a speedy recovery of the body. This infection disrupts the normal functioning of the liver and can cause bile stasis, which can subsequently lead to cirrhosis.

Observing the rules of nutrition, the patient reduces the load on the liver and the digestive system as a whole, which is extremely important in such a disease.

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The Basics of the Diet

Depending on the personal characteristics of the organism of each patient, the diet for hepatitis B should be drawn up only on the basis of the recommendations of the attending physician. At the same time, there are also some basic recommendations that will suit everyone infected with this disease.

  • Meals should be taken 3 to 5 times a day in small portions.
  • You need to refrain from bad habits, such as alcohol and tobacco smoking.
  • It is necessary to completely exclude from the diet food that is difficult for the body to assimilate, and in particular for the liver. These include spicy, salty and fatty.
  • It is advisable to drink more fluids. It will be enough to drink 2 liters of purified water per day.
  • Refusal of ingredients that can cause irritation of the mucous membrane or mechanical damage to the organs of the gastrointestinal tract.

In the course of treatment, the question may arise which diet of the existing is the most effective. Traditionally, the attending physicians prescribe a regimen called the Pevzner table. Its main task is to restore normal liver function and improve bile outflow.

Allowed and prohibited products

Some of the previously preferred foods may well be banned with the prescribed course of treatment.

This ailment disrupts the normal functioning of the body’s digestive system. Therefore, it is absolutely necessary to change the patient’s diet.

What you can eat and what food you should refuse is presented below.

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Beverages

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You can drink not too steep tea with one spoonful of sugar (if possible, you still need to give it up). It is also advisable to drink natural freshly squeezed juices. You can drink compotes from both fresh and dried fruits.

It is highly advisable to refrain from any alcohol-containing, even low-alcohol drinks. You should not drink coffee, cocoa, soda and juices containing sugar and preservatives.

First course

With this disease, it is allowed to eat only low-fat meals without meat and fish. Vegetarian and mashed soups work very well. Vegetables must not be fried during their preparation. Milk noodle soup can also be included in this category.

With hepatitis B, you cannot eat the first one prepared on the basis of meat, fish or mushroom broths. “Heavy” foods, such as okroshka, are not recommended for food.

Cereals

It is advisable to cook only buckwheat, oatmeal, semolina and rice groats for food, as well as oatmeal or muesli. When cooking, you should give up butter and sugar.

Barley, pearl barley, corn grits are prohibited. It is necessary to exclude legumes and millet from the patient’s diet. It is important to protect the patient from any seeds, as they contain a large amount of vegetable fats.

Pasta

Any type of pasta is not contraindicated unless a large amount of fat or meat ingredients are used in the preparation.

Meat and fish

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Lean beef and fish are allowed in small quantities, as well as chicken, rabbit and turkey. You can diversify your diet with some seafood, such as shrimp, squid or oysters.

Fatty meat and poultry (pork, goose or ducks) are not recommended. Sausages and canned food are prohibited. It is better to give up oily fish and any caviar.

Bakery products

With hepatitis, you can eat bread made from rye flour or bran. You can eat bread baked from second grade flour. Crackers or unsweetened biscuits, such as biscuit biscuits, are suitable as a replacement.

Remove butter and puff pastry from the diet, as well as flour products fried in oil.

Dairy produce

It is allowed to consume a small amount of milk and cheese (with the exception of fatty and salty varieties), as well as cottage cheese and kefir. But fermented baked milk must be discarded. When using dairy products, it is important to keep the fat content below 2%.

Fruits and vegetables

It should be noted that with this disease, it is undesirable to eat vegetables raw. Potatoes, cucumbers, bell peppers, pumpkin, beets, carrots and zucchini (squash caviar) are used in cooking. From fruits, attention should be paid to pomegranate and prunes.

You cannot eat salads made from Brussels sprouts and white cabbage, radishes, onions (onions and green), garlic, eggplant, parsley and dill. The use of any canned and salted vegetables is prohibited. During the diet, you should refrain from oranges, tangerines, grapes, kiwi, dates, raspberries and figs. Eating fruits raw, like vegetables, is not recommended.

Confection

Most sweets should be discarded, but some confectionery remains available. These include marshmallows, marshmallows, marmalade, unsweetened cookies (cookies for diabetics are suitable).

Chocolate, ice cream, confectionery with cream, honey are prohibited.

When the infiltration properties of the liver are violated, most of the most commonly used ingredients are prohibited. But even with the permitted ingredients, it is quite possible to make a complete table. In this case, the diet prescribed by the attending physician for hepatitis B will not be violated.

An example of a menu for a disease:

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  • For breakfast, cook light milk or semolina porridge. You can wash it down with not strong tea with marshmallows or biscuits.
  • For the second breakfast, you can eat cottage cheese with dried fruits.
  • It is recommended to dine with low-fat vegetable soup with several slices of rye bread.
  • An afternoon snack can be tea or juice with unsweetened cookies. If desired, cookies can be replaced with homemade crackers.
  • For dinner, serve low-fat baked fish, boiled potatoes, kefir.

Acute stage

In the acute stage of the disease, doctors often prescribe the aforementioned Pevzner table. This diet is good for hepatitis B in both adults and children. Even with a solid list of banned foods, this food system is nutritious enough. The number of meals, subject to nutritional rules, is recommended at least 4-5 times.

  • Do not eat raw (food is steamed, boiled or baked).
  • It is advisable that the food is chopped before serving for better absorption.

When drawing up a diet, you should consult with a specialist, since due to any characteristics of the body or disease, various recommendations and contraindications are possible.

Chronic stage

Proper nutrition required for chronic hepatitis B is provided by Pevzner’s table No.5a. Compared to the previous regime, it has more stringent requirements for the preparation of the diet and preparation.

The main task facing the system is to weaken the symptoms of the disease and provoke the release of glycogen in the body. In this case, the digestion process should be as gentle as possible for the internal organs. All food in the cooking process is very boiled or crushed.

Limiting the use of salt in food preparation is critical. It will take a long time to adhere to this food system, but this will only have a positive effect on the body. This is because by observing Pevzner’s table, a person receives all the necessary trace elements.

VIDEO

Diet for hepatitis and restoration of liver function.

Tatyana Jakowenko

Editor-in-chief of the Detonic online magazine, cardiologist Yakovenko-Plahotnaya Tatyana. Author of more than 950 scientific articles, including in foreign medical journals. He has been working as a cardiologist in a clinical hospital for over 12 years. He owns modern methods of diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases and implements them in his professional activities. For example, it uses methods of resuscitation of the heart, decoding of ECG, functional tests, cyclic ergometry and knows echocardiography very well.

For 10 years, she has been an active participant in numerous medical symposia and workshops for doctors - families, therapists and cardiologists. He has many publications on a healthy lifestyle, diagnosis and treatment of heart and vascular diseases.

He regularly monitors new publications of European and American cardiology journals, writes scientific articles, prepares reports at scientific conferences and participates in European cardiology congresses.

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