There are two such concepts as “pulse” and “heart rate”. Many mistakenly believe that this is one and the same.
The normal pulse in women and men is the frequency of an increase in the width of the artery, which occurs as a result of the active work of the heart and the release of blood into the vessels. It can be determined by touch, it is clearly visible in places with thin skin, for example, on the neck, elbow or temples.
Heart rate is the number of heart ventricular contractions per minute. Yes, the pulse rate is normal in women of any age is often equal to heart rate, but this phenomenon is observed only in a healthy body. So, for example, with serious pathologies associated with cardiac arrhythmias, in medical practice there is a decrease in heart rate, but an increase in heart rate.
Most medical terms are rooted in Latin, so if you are wondering what the pulse is, you should turn to the translation.
Literally, “pulse” means a push or a beat, that is, we give the correct characteristic of the pulse, saying “beats” or “beats”. And these strokes occur due to contractions of the heart, leading to oscillatory movements of the arterial walls. They arise in response to the passage of the pulse wave along the vascular walls. How is it formed?
- With a reduction in the myocardium, blood is ejected from the heart chamber into the arterial bed, the artery at this moment expands, and the pressure in it rises. This period of the cardiac cycle is called systole.
- Then the heart relaxes and “absorbs” a new portion of blood (this is the moment of diastole), and the pressure in the arteries drops. All this happens very quickly – the description of the arterial pulse process takes longer than its course in reality.
The larger the volume of blood pushed out, the better the blood supply to the organs, so a normal pulse is the amount at which blood (along with oxygen and nutrients) enters the organs in the required volume.
The state of a person during examination can be judged by several properties of the pulse:
- frequency (number of shocks per minute);
- rhythm (equality of intervals between strokes, if they are not the same, then the heartbeat is arrhythmic);
- speed (falling and increasing pressure in the artery, pathological is considered accelerated or slowed down dynamics);
- voltage (the force required to stop the pulsation, an example of a tense heartbeat – pulse waves with hypertension);
- filling (a value partially based on the voltage and height of the pulse wave and depending on the volume of blood in the systole).
The greatest influence on pulse filling is exerted by the force of contractions of the left ventricle. The graphic image of a pulse wave measurement is called sphymography.
A table of a normal human pulse by year and age is presented in the lower section of the article.
A pulsating vessel for measuring the pulse rate on the human body can be felt in different zones:
on the ins >
The most popular and convenient is the measurement of heart rate on the radial artery, this vessel is located close to the skin. To measure, you need to find a pulsating “vein” and firmly attach three fingers to it. Using a clock with a second hand, count the number of beats in 1 minute.
If the pulse of a woman aged 50 years at rest exceeds 100 per minute, this may be accompanied by the following conditions:
- poor load tolerance;
- pain or discomfort in the chest, in the region of the heart;
- shortness of breath or feeling short of breath;
- cold arms and legs;
- low or high blood pressure;
- dizziness and fainting;
- the possibility of blood clots, exacerbation of hemorrhoids, varicose veins;
- the development of heart failure, an attack of angina pectoris or stroke.
The pulse rate for women in a little over 50 years is an important indicator of the well-being of the body. Its increase may indicate the following conditions:
- lack of physical activity;
- prolonged emotional stress;
- insufficient sleep time;
- dehydration, for example, in the warm season;
- various diseases: hyperthyroidism (increased hormonal activity of the thyroid gland), cardiovascular pathology, lung disease, anemia, diabetes mellitus.
The main factors affecting the change in heart rate:
- with increasing temperature and / or humidity, the heart rate increases by 5 – 10 beats per minute;
- upon transition from a prone position to a vertical heart rate increases in the first 15 – 20 seconds, then returns to its original value;
- palpitations intensify with tension, anxiety, expressed emotions;
- in people with a large weight, heart rate is usually higher than in people of the same age and gender, but with normal body weight;
- with fever, an increase in temperature by 1 degree is accompanied by an increase in heart rate by 10 beats per minute; There are exceptions to this rule when heart rate does not increase so much – these are typhoid fever, sepsis and some variants of viral hepatitis.
Reasons for the slowdown
First of all, you need to make sure that the pulse measurement is technically correct. A heartbeat less than 60 per minute is not always associated with health problems. It can be caused by taking medications, such as beta-blockers.
A rare heartbeat (up to 40 per minute) is often observed in physically active people or professional athletes. This is due to the fact that their heart muscle contracts very well and is able to maintain normal blood flow without additional effort. Below we provide tables that allow you to roughly determine the physical fitness of a person according to his heart rate at rest.
Reasons for increasing
The most common cause of accelerated heart rate is inadequate rest before measurement. It is best to measure this indicator in the morning after waking up, without getting out of bed. You should also make sure that the pulse count is correct.
In children and adolescents, the pulse rate is higher than in adults. Other factors that increase heart rate:
- caffeine or other stimulants;
- recent smoking or drinking;
- high blood pressure.
Detonic – a unique medicine that helps fight hypertension at all stages of its development.
The complex effect of plant components of the drug Detonic on the walls of blood vessels and the autonomic nervous system contribute to a rapid decrease in blood pressure. In addition, this drug prevents the development of atherosclerosis, thanks to the unique components that are involved in the synthesis of lecithin, an amino acid that regulates cholesterol metabolism and prevents the formation of atherosclerotic plaques.
Detonic not addictive and withdrawal syndrome, since all components of the product are natural.
Detailed information about Detonic is located on the manufacturer’s page.
Types of Heartbeat Disorders
Acceleration or deceleration of the pulse in men at any age indicates abnormalities in the functioning of the heart, which can be caused both by pathologies of the cardiovascular system along with diseases of other systems and organs, and a natural physiological state.
Tachycardia in men can be triggered by physiological or pathological causes.
Like tachycardia, it can be caused both by natural physiological processes in the body, and pathological causes dangerous to health.
That is why the identification of pathological symptoms should always be the reason for contacting a doctor who can find out the cause of the violations in the frequency of heart contractions.
While determining the symptoms of a change in heart rate of a natural physiological nature, you can eliminate it yourself.
Physiological tachycardia is caused by the following conditions:
- physical overload;
- stressful situation;
- strong pain;
- taking certain medications.
After the influence of physiological reasons, the heart rate increases for some time, and after the cessation of the influence of the factor, the heart rate returns to normal.
Pathological tachycardia is observed for a long time and is associated with impaired functioning of the heart and other systems and organs. The increase in heart rate in such cases can be caused by the following reasons:
- hypertonic disease;
- cardiac ischemia;
- myocardial pathology and heart defects;
- disturbances in the work of the autonomic nervous system;
- bacterial and viral infections accompanied by fever;
- endocrine pathologies;
- poisoning with toxic substances or overdose of drugs;
- oncological diseases.
With pathological tachycardia in humans, in addition to increased heart rate, the following symptoms occur:
- feelings of heaviness or pain in the chest;
- shortness of breath and a feeling of lack of oxygen;
- frequent dizziness;
- sleep disorders;
- fainting (sometimes).
Physiological bradycardia is observed in the following conditions:
- physical training of athletes or people engaged in heavy physical labor;
- night sleep;
- psychoemotional or physical overwork;
- physical effect on the reflex zones (a tight collar of a shirt or a tightly tied tie compresses the vagus nerve, pressure on the eyeballs);
- slight hypothermia or stay in high humidity and heat;
- taking certain medications (overall well-being does not change).
Sometimes a so-called idiopathic bradycardia can be detected in a person, in which the general state of health does not change at all and doctors cannot find out the reason for the slowing of the pulse. With physiological bradycardia, pulse indicators return to normal after the cessation of the factors causing it, and treatment of this condition is not required.
Pathological bradycardia is provoked by the following diseases:
- peptic ulcer;
- neurosis and depression;
- traumatic brain injury;
- neoplasms of the mediastinum;
- heart pathology: myocardial infarction, cardiosclerosis, Morgagni-Adams-Stokes syndrome, myocarditis, endocarditis, etc .;
- poisoning with nicotinic acid and nicotine, lead, organophosphorus and narcotic substances;
- overdose of drugs;
- some infectious diseases: viral hepatitis, typhoid fever, severe sepsis;
With pathological bradycardia in humans, in addition to increased heart rate, the following symptoms occur:
- dizziness due to lower blood pressure;
- pain in the chest;
- confusion in thinking;
- fainting and convulsions (in advanced cases).
Even their periodic appearance always indicates the need to consult a doctor to find out the root cause of changes in heart rate and the appointment of treatment for the underlying disease.
Material for the PulsNorma.ru site was prepared by: a practicing physician of the Highest category, cardiologist Julia Petrova. Copying is prohibited by copyright.
Natural factors of falling or increasing heart rate in women
One of the frequently asked questions to a cardiologist is “what is the pulse rate for women?” Of course, this indicator depends on many factors, including affecting it:
- the presence or absence of physical activity;
- weight and height;
- general state of health;
- concomitant pathologies, especially disorders of the heart and blood vessels.
The rate of pulse beats per minute for women of all ages varies between 60–90. Do not forget that this is a generally accepted framework, and depending on individual physiological characteristics, the pulse at rest (norm) in women may be slightly different.
As mentioned earlier, the pulse rate in women at a young and middle age is about 60–90 beats per minute at rest. This is a fairly wide range in which heart rate can fluctuate. At a young age, indices at rest can reach 70–85 strokes, while in the elderly they can be lower (65 beats). This decrease is due to the following factors:
- changes in the work of the heart muscle and nervous system;
- sedentary lifestyle;
- changes in the hormonal system.
All of the above directly affects the heart rate.
As mentioned earlier, physical activity, even the most insignificant ones, has a great influence on the frequency of impacts. This begs the question: “How much should the pulse of an adult (woman) while walking is normal?”.
During walking, the muscles of the lower and upper extremities are amplified, which in turn requires energy. Increased blood circulation, accelerated metabolism and enrichment of tissues with oxygen – all this leads to an increase in heart rate.
The pulse rate per minute in women of young and middle age with intensive and active walking can reach 100-120 beats in 60 seconds. Exceeding these established limits suggests that brisk walking is difficult for the body. In this case, you should:
- balance physical activity;
- pay more attention to your health;
- try to pay more attention to a healthy and healthy lifestyle.
When doing yoga
There are several types of yoga: some are aimed at relaxation and harmonization, while others are characterized by increased physical activity, the study of flexibility and endurance of the body.
As for any sport, yoga is characterized by an increase in the activity of the heart muscle, while at the same time, the heart rate also increases. The norm in women of any age with such loads can reach 110-120 strokes in 60 seconds.
With the regular and correct performance of certain asanas, you can achieve the following effect:
- normalize blood pressure in the arteries;
- restore metabolism;
- improve immunity;
- enrich tissues and cells with oxygen;
- lower blood cholesterol;
- relieve tension and achieve peace.
A pulse of 60 beats per minute is normal in women, and just such a result can be achieved with the help of therapeutic exercises and the right lifestyle.
Time of day is another of the criteria that affects how much a woman should have a heart rate per minute. During sleep, the activity of all organs decreases, the heart rate decreases, the metabolism slows down, and with it the frequency of strokes decreases.
So, what is the normal heart rate for women of all ages at night? On average, this figure can reach 40–45 strokes.
The opinion that the standard for evaluating heart rate is changing over the years is wrong. Normal indicators are considered the same. Doctors give one answer to the question “what is the normal pulse of a person in 50 years.”
The norm is heart rate 60–90, which is displayed in the table of norms for different ages. Three age categories can be distinguished schematically, but if you evaluate what pulse a person should have at 30 years old – the numbers are the same.
Before 35 years
It is assumed that people of this age group (see table by age) are healthy, do not have acquired diseases, and the consequences of bad habits and unhealthy lifestyles have not yet fully manifested. At rest, the indicator of cardiac activity varies from 72 to 75 beats. / min., which is displayed in the table of the pulse rate of an adult depending on age.
With physical overloads, a jump of up to 120, and even 200 beats / min, is possible. Assessing what pulse a person should have at age 30, take into account the presence of objective reasons for the jump. If not, immediate medical attention is required. This is a sufficient reason to diagnose pathological changes in the body.
From the age table below, you can see what a normal pulse a person is at 40 years old. If the heart rate is in this range, it can be argued that his cardiovascular system is working properly.
The pulse rate established by doctors (in the table of the ages of an adult) in old age should not exceed 90 pulses. This refers to people aged 60 to 80 years. The average value is considered to be 70 strokes. It affects the body’s fatigue and the consequences of the transferred loads throughout life.
Norm indicators Blood pressure with slight differences in age and gender differences. In young women, it is slightly lower due to less weight in youth. And after sixty years, the blood pressure of men and women is equalized, due to the possible risks of vascular pathologies.
Table 2 – blood pressure norms of adult women and men by age
|Age||Norm Blood pressure in men||Norm Blood pressure in women|
|60 – 65||135/85||135/85|
Decrease in pulse Blood pressure may be due to a drop in heart rate due to heart attack, tamponade, paraxysmal tachycardia, atrial fibrillation, or irregular peripheral vascular resistance, blood flow ejected by the heart.
High ripple, displays atherosclerotic problems.
The indicator is determined by years of life, in the children’s period, a normal heartbeat is characterized by 60-170 beats per minute, because the organ is small and requires more activity to pump blood through the body.
Before 30 years
At this time, the indicators are very variable and are in the range of 60-160 beats per minute, depending on age. The younger the patient, the more significant the heart rate. The pulse rate in women at 30 years old is from 55-90 beats per minute. Perhaps a little more, but not much, especially at rest.
From 35 45 up
Significantly the indicator does not change. Deviations of 10-15 units are possible with hormonal malfunctions and gestational periods.
The level of heart rate in the elderly decreases and grows unstably, chaotically, which is explained by the end of menopause and the onset of menopause.
|Age (years)||Normal rate||Possible limit for trained people|
|15 – 18||61 – 85||150|
|18 – 31||62 – 90||170|
|32 – 51||68 – 90||200|
|52 – 62||70 – 95||180|
|Older than 60||71 – 95||160|
The normal pulse in women at 40 is 70-80 beats per minute. This is a turning point when the heart rate is steadily increasing, and the maximum possible level is falling.
A similar feature of the body (which is also inherent in men) allows us to assess the degree of functional activity of the heart using stress tests.
With a significant increase in the frequency of contractions, we are talking about a pathological process.
The norm of the pulse indicator depends on the woman’s age, physical activity at the moment, endocrine status, place of residence, time of day, and some other factors. It is worth considering them in more detail.
Weak physical activity is able to change the pulse rate in the minimum range: from 10 to 15 beats per minute for an average person. A trained body will not notice such an insignificant tension of forces, therefore it is possible to maintain the same numbers.
If the heart begins to part from the usual walk – it does not bode well. This, most likely, is about the pathologies of the muscular organ, blood vessels, pulmonary structures, and kidneys.
A comprehensive examination with stress tests is required. But they are carried out with caution and under the supervision of a group of doctors to quickly provide assistance in case of emergency (there is the possibility of cardiac arrest in sick women).
An important role is played by the level of preparedness of the organism and the intensity of the stimulus. The stronger the patient strains, the more the pulse rate and blood pressure increase.
In the normal position, if the body is sufficiently trained, the heart rate increases gradually until it reaches the necessary optimum, which is required for adequate nutrition of tissues and organs, including the brain and muscles.
At a certain point, the growth of the indicator stops, a healthy person does not feel this.
In an untrained woman, the opposite is true. The pulse rate jumps, grows randomly, without taking into account the need for nutrition of the body. Perhaps a spontaneous drop in blood pressure and the formation of cardiogenic shock.
It is almost impossible to get out of this state; mortality is approaching 100%. Therefore, classes should intensify gradually, better under the supervision of a competent instructor. From small to large.
A sharp transition “to a new level” is fraught with the development of dangerous complications for health and life. It’s definitely not necessary to take risks.
After a meal
Eating, especially plentiful, is often associated with an excessive risk of developing arrhythmias of the type of tachycardia (acceleration of cardiac activity). This is not a normal phenomenon, a comprehensive assessment of the quality of health is necessary.
The patient is in optimal condition, even after intensive eating, does not suffer from heart rhythm problems. Likely factors: failure, coronary artery disease, pathology of the renal structures and brain.
Perhaps you want to know about the new medication - Cardiol, which perfectly normalizes blood pressure. Cardiol capsules are an excellent tool for the prevention of many heart diseases, because they contain unique components. This drug is superior in its therapeutic properties to such drugs: Detonic. If you want to know detailed information about Cardiol, go to the .There you will find answers to questions related to the use of this drug, customer reviews and doctors. You can also find out the Cardiol capsules in your country and the delivery conditions. Some people manage to get a 50% discount on the purchase of this drug (how to do this and buy pills for the treatment of hypertension for 39 euros is written on the official website of the manufacturer.), ,