Why does the concentration of cholesterol increase if its synthesis and utilization must be balanced in the body? After all, all processes are regulated by hormones and the nervous system, and when there is an excess of any substance in the plasma, its synthesis is inhibited and excretion is accelerated. The surplus is formed from a violation of the coordination of these basic processes. And there are many reasons for this.
- The worst of all is hereditary hypercholesterolemia. It is associated with genetic breakdowns as a result of which there are not enough or even no enzymes that break down lipids, the synthesis of carrier proteins is impaired, receptors on the surface of liver cells, and lipoproteins are altered. Such conditions are rare, but they quickly lead to an increase in cholesterol and the development of atherosclerosis.
- Predisposition, which does not necessarily lead to atherosclerotic heart and vascular disease, can also be inherited. Simply, if there are other atherogenic factors, people with a predisposition get sick faster than without it.
- The most common cause of high cholesterol is the frequent use of junk food (fried, saturated with animal fats, trans fats). A single intake of such a meal causes only a short-term jump in cholesterol, which takes place over the next day (unless you again violate the principles of a balanced diet).
- An improper lifestyle also affects cholesterol: lack of sleep with smoking and drinking alcohol, heavy night shifts, followed by a lack of rest, and lack of exercise.
- Contribute to an increase in the concentration of “bad” lipids and frequent exposure to stress, because under the action of adrenaline, a heartbeat that requires a large amount of energy is accelerated. It then provides cholesterol along with glycogen. Hypercholesterolemia is a vivid example when chronic psychological disorders can lead to serious metabolic disorders.
- Cholesterol increases chronic or acute poisoning, which is associated with damage to all body cells, including hepatic.
- Hypercholesterolemia also appears from hormonal imbalance, for example, with decreased thyroid function, when the main metabolism is slowed down, and hence cholesterol metabolism.
- Diseases of the liver and kidneys with increasing insufficiency and inability to fully remove metabolic products also lead to increased cholesterol (by the way, because of this, the level of other metabolites in the plasma – urea and creatinine) rises.
- A separate list includes some chronic diseases in which hypercholesterolemia is both a consequence and a cause: diabetes mellitus, arterial hypertension (independent or symptomatic), obesity, and oncological pathology.
- Elevated cholesterol is one of the side effects of certain medications: beta-blockers, glucocorticosteroids, protease inhibitors, diuretics, vitamin A analogues, female sex hormones, cyclosporin.
In 80% of cases, the accumulation of excess cholesterol contributes to malnutrition, lifestyle.
- Alcohol abuse, smoking. Ethyl alcohol, nicotine disrupt lipid metabolism, causing increased production of LDL by the liver. It turns out that good HDL simply does not have time to protect the vessels. Nicotine resins, alcohol, in and of themselves, unrelated to cholesterol, make vessels fragile, permeable, impair liver function, which increases the risk of atherosclerosis.
- High blood pressure. Chronic hypertension often causes damage to the vascular walls. This can lead to an accumulation of fats, from which atherosclerotic plaques subsequently form. Lipid imbalances can also cause hypertension. Narrowed vessels increase the load on the heart, forcing it to work with greater force.
- Improper nutrition. The predominance of fatty foods, convenience foods, spicy, pickled, smoked foods disrupts lipid metabolism. Fats do not have time to process, are stored “in reserve”. Appears – overweight, cholesterol level increases. The risk group also includes lovers of low-fat, cholesterol-free diets. Not receiving the necessary fats from the outside, the liver begins to produce them more than necessary to make up for the missing elements.
- Unstable psycho-emotional state. During stress, cortisol is produced, which destroys protein, which increases the level of glucose in the blood. All this violates the metabolism, leading to vascular inflammation.
- Chronic diseases: dysfunction of the liver, kidneys, thyroid gland, diabetes mellitus. All diseases cause lipid imbalance, inflammation of the vascular walls. With increased cholesterol, the risk of atherosclerotic plaques increases.
- Medications: diuretics, steroids, oral contraceptives, beta blockers. An increase in the concentration of harmful LDL is sometimes a consequence of taking these drugs. No specific treatment is required. Lipid levels normalize 3-4 weeks after stopping the medication.
In 20% of cases, hypercholesterolemia appears due to genetic abnormalities. The liver produces an excessive amount of this substance or does not remove LDL from the blood. Signs of hereditary hypercholesterolemia usually appear after 18-20 years.
In women, cholesterol growth occurs during menopause, when estrogen production stops. It is this hormone that prevents an imbalance in the level of lipoproteins to menopause. However, if the body is healthy, the metabolism normalizes as soon as the hormonal background is stabilized.
Men initially contain very little estrogen. Therefore, the risk of atherosclerosis, cardiovascular disease is higher. Men are advised to control their cholesterol levels from the age of 30, when the activity of metabolic processes decreases.
- When is this test prescribed?
- Norms of cholesterol in women
- Diagnosis, symptoms and additional studies
- Diet and foods
- Endocrine diseases
- Cholesterol lowering foods
- Folk remedies for lowering blood cholesterol
- Cholesterol and pregnancy
- Forms of Violations
- Cholesterol treatment
When is this test prescribed?
The definition of cholesterol is shown to the following patients:
- Women who take hormonal contraceptives for a long time;
- Menopausal women
- Men over 35 years old;
- People at risk by heredity;
- Upon reaching a certain age;
- Suffering from diabetes and hypothyroidism;
- Having bad habits;
- In the presence of symptoms of systemic atherosclerosis.
Most experts believe that sedentary work, a sedentary lifestyle, the lack of regular physical activity in the fresh air, overeating, an abundance of junk food in the diet are the determining factors in the early development of atherosclerosis and the causes of high cholesterol in the population.
Norms of cholesterol in women
Unlike other blood parameters (glucose, blood cells, coagulability indicators), the concentration of cholesterol varies depending on age and gender, and is constantly growing from the period of birth. But the graphical growth curve is not the same: in men, the peak is normal at puberty, which is associated with increased synthesis of androgens, in women it has a smoothly growing character.
For convenience, special tables have been developed that summarize the normal values of all fractions of lipoproteins and total cholesterol, as well as transport proteins, taking into account the individual characteristics of the subject. The units of measure in them are mmol per liter or milligram per deciliter. The main role in the assessment of lipid metabolism is played not so much by independent values of total and low density lipoprotein cholesterol as the ratio between fractions.
➔ Cholesterol Charts for Women and Men by Age
Doctors verify the results of biochemical analysis with the values in the tables, and are determined with further treatment tactics.
Slightly or moderately high cholesterol can be corrected by using cholesterol-lowering foods, optimizing the diet, and traditional medicine methods.
A woman can control her cholesterol level only if she takes a blood test regularly – every woman should want it. Clinically, an increase in this substance may not occur at all for a long time. But if an analysis reveals an unpleasant tendency in a timely manner, then it is possible to prevent complications without medication – it will be enough just to take up nutrition and lifestyle.
Increased cholesterol in a woman makes itself felt only when atherosclerosis has already developed. What the symptoms will be depends on which artery is affected. For example, neurological disorders are noted if the vessels of the brain are affected. If the lumen of the renal artery narrows, then an ischemic disease of this organ develops, which in turn can lead to hypertension.
To accurately diagnose atherosclerotic lesions of a woman’s blood vessels, it’s not enough to simply determine total cholesterol. Although its increase is the reason for a more thorough examination. Everything is good if the indicators do not exceed 5,18 mmol/liter. Acceptable in women is an increase to 6,19 mmol/liter.
In this case, you need to conduct a detailed blood test to establish the ratio of LDL and HDL. The decisive role is played by the values of LDL. In girls under 14 years of age, its level should not exceed 3,52 mmol/liter. In women under the age of thirty – 4,25 mmol/liter. Up to 50 years, it can reach 4,85 mmol/liter, this is also the norm. After 50 years, in women, indicators within 5,3 mmol/liter are considered normal.
It was a misconception that the lower the concentration of cholesterol in the blood, the better. Many patients, seeing in the form with the results of analyzes low indicators opposite the column “Cholesterol”, sigh with relief. However, everything is not so simple.
Doctors explain that there is “bad” and “good” cholesterol. The first settles on the walls of blood vessels, forming plaques and layers, and leads to a decrease in the lumen of blood vessels. This substance is really dangerous to health.
“Good” cholesterol, on the contrary, cleanses the walls of blood vessels and transfers harmful substances to the liver for further processing.
Since high cholesterol does not make itself felt, you need to take tests every year.
It is reliably known that cholesterol can harm the human body due to the formation of cholesterol plaques on the walls of blood vessels. As a result of this negative effect, the risk of thrombosis increases, which in turn leads to the risk of developing myocardial infarction, pulmonary arterial embolism, stroke, and the onset of sudden coronary death.
Speaking about the harm to human health, experts refer to studies, as a result of which it was found that in countries where an elevated level of cholesterol in the population was recorded, cardiovascular diseases are widespread.
True, there are such authoritative scientific studies that show that not only “bad” cholesterol, but also other significant factors are to blame.
Therefore, do not rush and think about how to lower cholesterol urgently. Not only he is “guilty”.
In addition, the body does not produce anything superfluous and harmful to itself. In fact, cholesterol is a kind of protective mechanism. This substance is indispensable for cells and vascular walls that “repair” cholesterol in case of wear or damage.
Low cholesterol makes the vessels as vulnerable as with a high concentration of this compound in human blood. Everything is not as clear as it seems at first glance. Therefore, talking about how to lower blood cholesterol with drugs or a special diet is necessary only in case of real need.
In addition, only a doctor can conclude that the patient needs special therapy to reduce cholesterol in the body and avoid possible negative consequences for his health. However, do not lose vigilance, because cholesterol can really be dangerous.
Therefore, it is worthwhile to monitor its level for all people after forty years, regardless of gender, and especially those who are prone to cardiovascular diseases, suffer from hypertension or from being overweight. Blood cholesterol is measured in millimoles per liter (abbreviated mmol/l *) or milligrams per deciliter (mg/dl *).
The accumulation of cholesterol in the vascular wall
It is considered ideal when the level of “bad” cholesterol or LDL (low molecular weight lipoproteins) does not exceed 2,586 mmol/L for healthy people and 1,81 mmol/L for those suffering from cardiovascular diseases. Values in the range from 2,5 mmol/L to 6,6 mmol/L are calculated as average and acceptable for doctors.
If the cholesterol indicator exceeded the level of 6,7, what to do in such a situation, and most importantly, how to avoid it. To prescribe treatment, doctors focus on the following indicators:
- if the level of LDL in the blood reaches an indicator higher than 4,138 mg/dl, then the patient is recommended to adhere to a special therapeutic diet in order to lower cholesterol to 3,362 mmol/l;
- if the level of LDL stubbornly keeps above 4,138 mg/dl, then in such a situation, patients are prescribed medication.
|Human age||Normal blood cholesterol|
|Newborn babies||3 mmol/l|
|From year to 19 years||2,4-5,2 mmol/l|
|70 years and older|
- * Mmol (millimol, equal to 10-3 mol) is a unit of measurement of substances in SI (short for International Measurement System).
- * Liter (abbreviated l, equal to 1 dm3) is an off-system unit for measuring capacity and volume.
- * Milligram (abbreviated mg, equal to 103 g) is a unit of measurement of mass in SI.
- * Deciliter (for short, equal to 10-1 liter) – a unit of measurement of volume.
Let’s talk about how to reduce blood cholesterol folk remedies. It is possible to influence the level of cholesterol in the blood not only with the help of a special diet and medicines. In some cases, it can be extremely effective to fight folk remedies with high cholesterol.
The main thing is to visit a doctor before starting an independent treatment at home to avoid undesirable negative consequences (allergic reaction, worsening of condition). There are many folk remedies for lowering cholesterol.
However, far from all of them will really help lower the level of a given substance to normal levels. It’s all about the different reaction of the human body to certain folk remedies for high cholesterol in the blood.
The same method can be effective for one person, and for another it is useless or even dangerous.
Therefore, doctors are extremely skeptical about self-medication, even at first glance, completely harmless and centuries-old folk methods.
Still, it is better to be treated under the supervision of a doctor, who will be able to adjust the therapy in time to achieve the best result.
So, how to lower cholesterol folk remedies. Treatment with folk remedies is primarily the use of all kinds of “gifts” of nature, for example, infusions and decoctions of medicinal herbs or medicinal vegetable oils.
Using homeopathic remedies to lower cholesterol is allowed only in cases when you are sure that such treatment will not provoke serious complications, for example, persistent allergic reactions. Therefore, do not overdo it with self-medication, so as not to harm even more to your health.
Supporters of traditional medicine argue that some medicinal herbs are also effective in the fight against cholesterol, like modern pharmacological drugs. To conclude the legitimacy of such statements, you can only experience the healing effects of homeopathic treatment methods. So, how to get rid of “bad” cholesterol and how to clean the walls of arteries with the help of herbs.
Let’s talk in more detail about how to remove cholesterol from the body. Probably, many of us have at least once thought about how to lower cholesterol at home without resorting to medication. Of course, it is best to consult a doctor who will provide qualified assistance.
Fresh vegetables are essential for lowering cholesterol.
Diagnosis, symptoms and additional studies
No matter how severe hypercholesterolemia is, it does not appear with specific signs. Except for xanthomas, when excess cholesterol is deposited directly under the epidermis (although they are also not quite specific: xanthomas can be the very first sign of leukemia).
These painless formations are most often located in the skin folds, on the palms, soles, elbow bends, in the popliteal fossae or under the buttocks.
In the region of the eyelids, they have a separate name – xanthelasma. Xanthomas are represented by spots, tubercles, flat papules or nodules of yellow-brown color, clearly limited from the surrounding skin. The presence of these morphological elements is the reason for the beginning of differential diagnosis.
There are a few more symptoms that may indicate hypercholesterolemia in the body. Increased cholesterol leads to constant drowsiness, periodic headaches such as migraines, discomfort and pain in the right hypochondrium, a change in appetite, rapid fatigue, nervousness and irritability.
Only the venous blood test with the determination of all indicators of the lipid profile will bring clarity. External signs and sensations are biased.
Typically, a person with high cholesterol has the following symptoms:
- a light gray rim near the cornea of the eye;
- yellowish nodules on the skin of the eyelids;
- angina pectoris;
- weakness and pain in the lower extremities after performing physical exercises.
It is impossible to diagnose a deviation by external signs and symptoms. Sometimes they may be completely absent. Therefore, to detect cholesterol, you need to make a lipid profile – a blood test from a vein. He will show what is the level of total, “bad” and “good” cholesterol in the blood
Elevated cholesterol does not have pronounced signs, causes dangerous cardiovascular complications: heart attack, stroke, coronary heart disease and is detected during diagnosis.
A number of non-specific signs indicating the presence of atherosclerotic plaques that cause circulatory disorders:
- Coronary insufficiency Accompanied by shortness of breath, frequent pain in the sternum, severe sweating. Blood pressure is unstable – it rises sharply or drops sharply.
- Violation of the blood circulation of the brain. The initial stage is accompanied by frequent bouts of headache, sudden dizziness. Over time, memory impairment, behavior change, forgetfulness, fuzzy speech are observed.
- Damage to the vessels of the abdominal cavity. It is manifested by difficult, painful digestion, bloating after eating, nausea, fast satiety.
- Atherosclerosis of the arteries of the legs, hands. Blocking the flow of blood causes tingling, burning of the toes or hands, sometimes there are sudden flushes of heat. Over time, aching pains, lameness, swelling, numbness of the skin, long non-healing trophic ulcers appear.
A long-existing violation of lipid metabolism or hereditary hypercholesterolemia is manifested by external symptoms:
- Xanthomas, xanthelasms – convex or flat spots of white, light yellow color. Formed under the skin of the eyelids, fingers, toes. They are subcutaneous accumulations of fat.
- Lipoid arc of the eye – a white or grayish-yellow layer of lipid deposits on the cornea. More often appears after 50 years, but can occur in young people with familial hypercholesterolemia.
Cholesterol plaques most often affect the arteries of the thoracic and abdominal regions, vessels of the kidneys, legs, and brain. Clinically, the disease manifests itself when a narrowing of the arteries occurs by 50% or more.
If the imbalance of lipids for a long time goes unnoticed, this creates the conditions for the development of severe cardiovascular complications, causes changes in other organs:
- Diseases of the heart, brain. Hypercholesterolemia increases the risk of heart attack, stroke by 2 times. Reducing the concentration of a hazardous substance reduces the likelihood of complications.
- Ischemia of the internal organs. Atherosclerotic plaques can infect the arteries of any organ. Insufficient blood supply disrupts their work. The rapid progression of the disease can lead to liver, kidney, dysfunction, pulmonary edema, chronic diseases of the digestive and intestinal tract.
- Edema, trophic ulcers, gangrene of the legs. Insufficient blood supply to the lower extremities causes inflammation that spreads deeper into the soft tissues. Without timely medical attention, tissue necrosis begins, gangrene, which can lead to amputation of the limb.
- Arterial thrombosis or atherothrombosis. The defeat of the vascular endothelium, a decrease in blood flow – the main causes of complications. In 20% of cases, it leads to arterial embolism, which threatens a heart attack to any organ.
The only way to detect cholesterol growth in the early stages is to make a lipid profile. The analysis is preferably carried out after 20 years every 5 years. With a hereditary predisposition, existing risk factors – every 2-3 years.
Here are certain signs by which you can detect cholesterol above normal:
- angina due to narrowing of the coronary arteries of the heart.
- leg pain during physical exertion.
- the presence of blood clots and ruptures of blood vessels.
- rupture of plaques and, as a result, heart failure.
- the presence of xanthomas is yellow spots on the skin, most often in the eye area.
High cholesterol alone has no symptoms. Symptoms occur in atherosclerosis, the generally accepted consequence of excess cholesterol. If you can catch a cold by a slight cold, then elevated blood cholesterol is sometimes detected only after a heart attack.
In other words, do not wait until the signs of high cholesterol show themselves. It is better to do tests for prevention once every 1-5 years (depending on the risk).
In order for women to reduce the risks of developing cardiovascular pathologies, the blood cholesterol level must be kept under regular monitoring. Considering the fact that menopause occurs on average at the age of 49-50 years, and its fluctuations can be observed already from 45 to 55 years old, you should periodically visit the hospital to consult with specialized specialists and the laboratory for the necessary tests.
Even if the attending physician does not appoint to undergo a routine examination, you can at least pass a biochemical blood test for total cholesterol, as well as for the content of high and low density lipoproteins and triglycerides.
After the obtained results, in case deviations are revealed, it is necessary to make an appointment for a consultation, during which, depending on the signs present or complaints made, the patient may be prescribed additional diagnostic methods. As a rule, in such situations, coronography, ultrasound examination of the arteries or magnetic resonance imaging is performed.
Diet and foods
Why do women have high blood cholesterol, what does this mean and what should be done? The risk of elevated cholesterol increases in the case of a hereditary predisposition, if close relatives are sick with atherosclerosis, coronary artery disease or hypertension.
With age, the risk of developing hypercholesterolemia also increases. In middle age, an increase in cholesterol is more often detected in men, but with the onset of menopause, women become susceptible to this pathology as often as men.
However, the main causes of high cholesterol in women or men are acquired in nature:
- Improper patient lifestyle: lack of exercise, smoking, alcohol abuse, frequent stressful situations;
- Concomitant diseases: obesity, diabetes mellitus, systemic diseases of the connective tissue;
- Culinary preferences: regular consumption of fatty foods, animal origin, insufficient amount of fresh vegetables and fruits in the diet.
All of the above factors are direct answers to why cholesterol can be raised, or rather, these are direct results of poor quality attitude to your health.
In order to reduce high cholesterol in the blood, an integrated approach is needed. Consult your healthcare provider for the best cholesterol control program.
Depending on the degree of risk, different treatment methods are used:
- rejection of bad habits;
- weight loss;
- special diets;
- drug treatment.
Helps reduce blood cholesterol in women and men:
- physical activity 5-6 times a week for 30-60 minutes;
- do not eat foods containing trans fats;
- eat more fiber in foods that are allowed for a low-carbohydrate diet;
- eat marine fish at least 2 times a week or take omega-3 fatty ac >
It should be noted the importance of regular medical examinations, because most diseases are much easier to cure at the initial stage, when almost nothing bothers a person. Remember: the complications caused by high cholesterol are irreversible, and treatment does not eliminate existing problems, but only prevents the development of new ones.
The primary form of the disorder is due to exposure to defective genes received from parents. The development of the secondary form can be triggered by the influence of:
- Diabetes mellitus – a disease in which there is a violation of the intake of simple carbohydrates to the cells of the body.
- Obstructive liver disease – conditions in which the outflow of bile is disturbed and the development of gallstone disease is observed.
- Certain groups of drugs: hormones, diuretics, immunosuppressants, beta-blockers.
- Thyroid dysfunction: the development of hypothyroidism.
In a pregnant woman, an increase in the quantitative content of cholesterol is the norm. All indicators are restored after the birth of the baby.
If an increase in the amount of cholesterol is associated with a particular diet of a woman, then the violation may be:
- Passing (transient) – due to a single abuse of excessively fatty foods. In most cases, indicators return to normal on their own.
- Permanent – a woman systematically consumes fatty foods.
There are certain factors that can affect the increase in the quantitative content of cholesterol in blood plasma:
- Leading a sedentary lifestyle.
- The development of arterial hypertension (excessive increase in blood pressure).
- Excessive consumption of fatty foods of animal origin.
- Exposure to bad habits: smoking, drinking.
- Significant weight gain.
Women at the age of 50 and those patients who develop menopause, as well as the presence in the family history of cases of hypercholesterolemia, heart attacks, ischemic strokes, sudden death, are at risk.
Among external indicators indicating an excess of cholesterol concentration, the occurrence of:
- Cholesterol deposits in the eyelids, which look like a yellow flat nodule.
- The lipoid arc of the cornea is a grayish-white rim localized near the cornea of the eyes. If a similar symptom is observed in women under the age of 45, this indicates the development of a hereditary form of the disease.
- Dense nodular formations filled with fat-like substances. Nodules can form over the area of the tendons: for example, on the hands.
If there is a development of systemic manifestations, this is an alarming sign, indicating a high probability of developing atherosclerosis. In this case, it is necessary to consult a doctor and undergo an additional examination, if necessary.
Food with high cholesterol in the blood implies:
- Refusal of animal fats, smoked meats, canned food, overly spicy, salty and spicy food.
- Low-fat fish and other foods rich in polyunsaturated omega-3,6,9-acids must be added to the diet.
- The use of fresh vegetables and fruits rich in fiber, as well as fresh herbs and berries, is recommended.
- The use of alcohol is not recommended.
The prognosis for women who seek timely medical attention and follow the doctor’s instructions is favorable. The sooner the treatment of disorders begins, the lower the risk of complications.
Most cholesterol (70%) is produced by the body. Therefore, increased production of this substance is usually associated with diseases of the internal organs. The following diseases lead to an increase in blood cholesterol levels:
- liver disease (hepatitis, cirrhosis);
- nephroptosis, renal failure;
- pancreatic diseases (pancreatitis, malignant tumors);
- Thyroid gland diseases.
But there are other factors that can affect cholesterol production:
- Genetic disorders. The metabolic rate and characteristics of cholesterol processing are inherited from parents. If the father or mother had similar abnormalities, with a high probability (up to 75%) the child will face the same problems.
- Improper nutrition. With harmful products, only 25% of cholesterol enters the human body. But fatty foods (meat, pastries, sausages, cheeses, lard, cakes) are likely to turn into a “bad” type. If a person does not want to have problems with cholesterol, he should adhere to a low-carb diet.
- Excess weight . It is difficult to say whether excess weight really contributes to the improper processing of cholesterol. However, it has been proven that 65% of obese people have problems with “bad” cholesterol.
- Lack of exercise. Lack of motor activity leads to metabolic disorders in the body and stagnation of “bad” cholesterol. It is noted that with an increase in physical exertion, the level of this substance in the blood decreases rapidly.
- Uncontrolled medication. Hormonal drugs, corticosteroids, or beta blockers can lead to a slight increase in blood cholesterol.
- Bad habits . Doctors say that people who drink alcohol and smoke a few cigarettes a day often face a strong increase in bad cholesterol and a decrease in good.
A sharp increase in cholesterol is observed in women during menopause. These changes are associated with hormonal changes in the body. During menopause, women should be especially careful about their own health.
The problem that arises with an increase in the level of this substance, which is called hypercholesterolemia in medicine, has long been one of the most relevant and actively discussed. It is traditionally believed that the formation of atherosclerotic plaques in the cardiovascular system (CVS) is the prerogative of a strong half of humanity.
They are more at risk of such diseases. Unlike men, most women, thanks to the characteristics of the hormonal background, are protected from atherosclerosis, and may not worry about the development of these pathologies. As a rule, only hereditary anomalies associated with the concentration of fats in the body are exceptions, which is rather rare.
With the onset of menopause and menopause in women, atherosclerosis, we can say, literally blooms. At this time, there is a significant decrease in the production of female sex hormones, which will certainly affect the state of the entire circulatory system, and in particular the vessels.
That’s why age 45 and plus – many doctors consider the so-called reference point for the occurrence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in the fair sex. Today, along with the development of the gender direction, new data have been revealed on the appearance of atherosclerosis in women.
According to the statement of Shorena Zambakhidze, a candidate of medical sciences specializing in this field, lipid metabolism disorders often develop when the ovaries are artificially stopped.
In gynecology, this is called surgical menopause. That is, in patients who, due to some reason, have removed the ovaries or uterus, the level of cholesterol in the blood can increase.
No less significant reason for the growth of the indicator is considered the negative impact of contraceptives related to this group. Although at present, a lot is said about the absolute harmlessness of these drugs and even about their beneficial effect on some organs and functional systems of the human body. But in fact, the situation is as follows.
It has already been proven that taking oral contraceptives at a young age can lead to serious problems in the future. In addition, in mature women, there is a possibility of an increase in the content of cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood. And, as you know, it is they who increase the risk of coronary disease in the weaker sex by 76%.
Detonic – a unique medicine that helps fight hypertension at all stages of its development.
The complex effect of plant components of the drug Detonic on the walls of blood vessels and the autonomic nervous system contribute to a rapid decrease in blood pressure. In addition, this drug prevents the development of atherosclerosis, thanks to the unique components that are involved in the synthesis of lecithin, an amino acid that regulates cholesterol metabolism and prevents the formation of atherosclerotic plaques.
Detonic not addictive and withdrawal syndrome, since all components of the product are natural.
Detailed information about Detonic is located on the manufacturer’s page.
Endocrine pathologies, and especially dysfunctions of the thyroid gland, also have a negative effect on the condition of CVS. For example, one of the most common diseases in this area – hypothyroidism is often accompanied by a decrease in the content of high density lipoproteins, which are responsible for transporting cholesterol from the walls of blood vessels and macrophages to the liver parenchyma.
Cholesterol lowering foods
After determining the level of cholesterol, you need to contact a therapist. The doctor will examine the patient’s medical records and determine if he has a risk of acquiring vascular and heart diseases.
High risk of developing such diseases in people of the following categories:
- with a significant excess of cholesterol;
- with hypertension;
- with diabetes of the first or second type.
If these abnormalities are found, the therapist will refer the patient to a cardiologist. In addition, the patient will have to undergo examinations by an endocrinologist and gastroenterologist.
- palpation of the thyroid gland;
- blood test for hormones.
- Ultrasound of the liver and pancreas;
- blood chemistry;
- MRI or CT;
- liver biopsy.
Only in the case of a full examination will the true cause of the deviation be revealed and competent treatment will be prescribed.
How to reduce blood cholesterol and bring it to normal? To lower cholesterol, the patient will have to completely change his lifestyle and cure concomitant diseases. If the violation is due to improper metabolism or nutritional errors, the patient will have to:
- stick to a low-carb or low-calorie diet;
- discard foods high in trans fats;
- eat tomatoes, peas, carrots, nuts, garlic, fish;
- sleep at least 8 hours a day;
- pay attention to the fight against excess weight;
- devote at least an hour to sports training daily;
- to refuse from bad habits.
Diet menus should be products that stimulate the production of HDL, cleanse the body of toxins, toxins, LDL. These include:
- Carrots, cabbage, beets, zucchini, greens take the first place among the recommended products. They contain dietary fiber, fiber, and remove about 20% of cholesterol from the intestine, preventing its intestinal absorption. The menu should contain more vegetable dishes than the rest.
- Fish oil contains omega-3 fatty acids. They increase the production of high-density cholesterol particles, remove excess LDL, and restore blood vessels. A large amount of fish oil contains fatty varieties of marine fish.
- Flaxseed oil, flax seeds. Contain polyunsaturated fatty acids, increase the production of high density lipoproteins. Daily it is recommended to consume 10-30 g of oil or 2 tbsp. l Flaxseed.
- Egg white, dietary meat: chicken, turkey, rabbit. Maintain a balance of fats, proteins, carbohydrates. Chicken protein does not contain cholesterol, improves metabolism.
- Whole grain cereals: buckwheat, corn, oat, pearl barley, millet. Contain magnesium, fiber, lignin, beta-glucan. Reduce high cholesterol, sugar, improve blood vessels, cleanse the liver of toxins.
- Walnuts, almonds, pistachios (fried without oil, unsalted) are rich in beta-sitosterol. Daily it is recommended to eat 20-30 g of nuts, not more. Excess can lead to a decrease in the concentration of vitamin E, beta-carotene, digestible by the intestines. Nuts can be added to cereals, cottage cheese, fruit salads.
- Berries: raspberries, blueberries, cherries, cranberries contain a lot of manganese, lower cholesterol, increase the elasticity of blood vessels. Fresh fruits are most useful, but they retain useful trace elements even after freezing.
- Citrus fruits are rich in vitamin C. If you use 100-200 g of this element daily, your cholesterol level will decrease by 2% in 5 weeks.
- Mushrooms contain fiber, protein, statin, which blocks the synthesis of particles with low density. However, they are considered difficult to digest food, so they are recommended to be consumed in moderation.
- Beans, artichokes “collect” excess cholesterol. It is enough to eat 200 g of boiled beans daily to reduce its concentration.
- Soy is a good alternative to meat products. Reduces LDL, increases HDL. However, it is not advisable to use it more often 3-4 times/week. Soy protein contains isoflavones, which, like excess estrogen, increase the risk of developing breast cancer.
In case of lipid metabolism failures, it is important to eat properly and follow the regimen. To maintain digestion, general tone, it is recommended to eat 5-6 times/day in small portions. It is necessary to completely exclude trans fats from the menu. They are contained in margarine, spread, confectionery, made on their basis.
In order to lower hypercholesterolemia, you should limit cholesterol-raising foods in your diet:
- red meat – beef, veal;
- egg yolk;
- fatty pork, lamb, fat;
- sausages, sausages;
- duck meat;
- canned food;
- easily digestible carbohydrates;
- fried foods;
- foods containing trans fats, the so-called fast food: chips, crackers, etc .;
- high fat milk: cheese, cream, sour cream, milk, ice cream, butter, ghee;
oysters, crabs, shrimp, caviar. For example, lobster weighing 100 grams. contains 70 mg. cholesterol.
Do not forget that on average, only 30% of cholesterol enters the blood from the outside. The rest of it is produced by the body on its own. Therefore, even if you try to lower the level of these fats with the help of various diets, you still can’t “remove” its significant share.
Experts recommend adhering to a cholesterol-free diet not for the purpose of prevention, but only for therapeutic purposes, when the level of these fats is really high.
In addition to limiting foods that raise cholesterol, you can add cholesterol lowering foods to your diet.
- wheat germ;
- brown rice bran;
- sesame seeds;
- sunflower seeds;
- pumpkin seeds;
- Pine nuts;
- olive oil;
- greens in any form;
- wild salmon and sardines – fish oil;
- blueberries, raspberries, strawberries, cranberries, lingonberries, aronia, pomegranate, red grapes.
Also, eliminating coffee and replacing it with high-quality weak green tea can reduce cholesterol by 15%.
In order to find out how much cholesterol is contained in the patient’s blood, doctors use a standard biochemical analysis.
What can be used at home to measure cholesterol and get similar information? Fortunately, we live in a high-tech age, and in service with ordinary people there are many previously exclusively medical devices, for example, a kit for determining the level of cholesterol or blood sugar.
After all, there are such categories of people (patients with diabetes mellitus or people with a severe form of cardiovascular disease) that are vital to possess such information. Since cholesterol is conventionally divided into “good” and “bad” specialized kit for home use, it is possible to determine the level of both of the subspecies of biologically active compounds.
In some versions, the kit also includes a test strip to determine the level of triglycerides in the blood. The set has several test strips that operate on the principle of litmus paper, i.e. change their original color when interacting with cholesterol.
Moreover, the shade of the test strip depends on the level of cholesterol in the blood. To carry out the analysis at home, you need to wash your hands, then with a special lancet, which is in the set, pierce the fingertip and touch the test strip. A number indicating the amount of cholesterol currently in the blood is displayed on the screen of the device.
Electronic cholesterol meter
To successfully pass the analysis in the medical laboratory, the patient must follow a number of rules and recommendations that are relevant for research using the home kit. Since the concentration of cholesterol directly depends on many factors, before a home test, you should not smoke cigarettes, drink alcoholic beverages even weak and in small quantities.
Oddly enough, even the position of the human body affects the accuracy of the analysis. It is believed that the most correct result can be obtained in a sitting position.
It is extremely important to check the cholesterol level of a person’s diet. What can I eat, and what should I avoid before checking blood for cholesterol?
About three weeks before the biochemical analysis, doctors advise patients to follow a simple diet, the main feature of which is that you need to eat dishes that contain the least amount of animal fat. Priority should be given to fruits, vegetables, dairy products and vegetable fats.
The emotional and psychological mood of a person before analysis is also important. Stressful situations, as well as worries about one’s health, can affect the result of a cholesterol test. Therefore, before taking the analysis, the doctors recommend not to be nervous and spend some time in peace, for example, you can sit down and think about something pleasant, in general, relax.
So, we turn to the answers to questions about what reduces the level of harmful compounds in the blood and how to quickly lower cholesterol at home. If you encounter the above problems, then you should start to adhere to the following recommendations.
Go in for sports. Many cardiologists claim that regular physical activity not only strengthens the entire human body as a whole, but also helps to remove the cholesterol blocks accumulated in the arteries. Remember, it is not necessary to be a professional athlete, to maintain health you can just take long walks or do exercises every day in the fresh air, in general, move.
After all, as the ancients said: “Movement is life!” Scientists have proved that people over the age of fifty who regularly take walks in the fresh air for at least forty minutes are less prone to cardiovascular disease than their sedentary peers.
It is also useful for older people to walk at a slow pace to prevent a heart attack or stroke and clear the vessels of bad cholesterol. However, it is worth remembering that when taking walks, the pulse of an elderly person should not deviate from the norm by more than 15 beats per minute.
Folk remedies for lowering blood cholesterol
Traditional medicine is a good addition to the diet. However, before using them, it is advisable to consult a doctor. This will help to avoid allergic reactions, side effects.
The following recipes are considered the most effective:
- Lemon with garlic. 1-2 unpeeled lemons, 1 large garlic head is passed through a meat grinder. Pour 0,5 l of water at room temperature. Insist 3 days. Take 50 ml three times/day. The duration of treatment is 3-4 weeks. The drug is contraindicated in peptic ulcer, gastritis, pancreatitis.
- Linden flowers. Dry inflorescences are ground with a coffee grinder. Take 1 tsp., Washed down with water, half an hour before meals in the morning. Linden inflorescences are undesirable to take with diseases of the central nervous system, urinary system.
- Seeds of flax, dill. Half a glass of ingredients is mixed, pour 0,5 liters of boiling water, insist 24 hours. Infusion take 1 tbsp. l thrice/day before meals. If hypercholesterolemia is accompanied by nervous disorders, 1 tsp can be added to the seeds. shredded valerian root.
- Propolis tincture. 50 g of propolis is crushed, pour 0,5 l of alcohol. Insist 14 days. Take 7 drops before meals. Tincture can be diluted with a small amount of cold water. The duration of treatment is 3 months.
- Tibetan garlic infusion. 100 g of chopped garlic pour 100 ml of alcohol, insist 7 days. Alcohol can be replaced with 200 ml of vodka, then the exposure time is increased to 14 days. Tincture is taken three times/day, starting with 2 drops, each time the amount is increased by 1 drop. Gradually bring to 20, then reduce, bringing to the initial dosage. The course of treatment can be repeated after 2-3 years.
- Buckwheat flour. 100 g of flour is poured into 200 ml of warm water, brought to a boil, boiled for 5 minutes. Take 100 g/day, you can several times.
- Oat broth. 1 cup of grain is poured into 1 liter of boiling water, boil until the volume of the mass is reduced by the widow. Drink half a glass three times/day, can be sweetened with honey.
- Sprouted alfalfa seeds. Eat 1-2 tsp. in the morning, before eating. It can be added to salads, side dishes. Dry seeds germinate independently, covering with a film, washing with water 1-2 times/day.
- Treatment with juices is enough to spend 5 days/month. Freshly squeezed juices are drunk twice/day for 150 ml. Drinks from celery, carrots, beets, cucumbers, green apples, cabbage, and orange quickly reduce the level of a hazardous substance.
- Rosehips, hawthorn. 150 g of chopped fruit pour 300 ml of alcohol, insist 2 weeks. Take 10 ml in the evening before meals.
There are a lot of plants that help normalize lipid metabolism, reduce lipoprotein levels. The most affordable and effective:
- Bearberry contains many flavonoids, has a powerful anticholesterol effect, strengthens the body.
- St. John’s wort, ginseng – are considered real natural statins. They reduce the rate of cholesterol production by the liver, bind dangerous particles that are already in the blood.
- Strawberry leaves remove excess LDL, toxins, toxins, normalize metabolic processes.
- Dandelion root improves the cardiovascular system. It cleanses blood vessels, prevents the sedimentation of lipoproteins on the vascular walls. This is a good prophylactic against cholesterol plaques.
- Calendula improves blood, strengthens blood vessels, has an anti-inflammatory effect. Slows the development of atherosclerosis, increases HDL.
- Golden mustache contains a large number of natural steroids, flavonoids, enhancing the production of beneficial lipids. It is also well used to prevent atherosclerosis, increase immunity, and normalize metabolism.
To reduce cholesterol, one or several herbs are used, mixing in equal proportions. 100 g of the mixture is poured with 250 ml of boiling water, insist 30-60 minutes, drink several times. Fresh infusion is prepared daily. The course of treatment lasts from 1,5 to 3 months.
To normalize lipid metabolism in the body helps the use of tea from ginger root. In some patients, individual intolerance to this product is found. Then the use of ginger tea stops. In other cases, add slices or shavings of fresh ginger to a regular tea brew, you can flavor the drink with honey or lemon. it must not taste bitterness and burn tongue. In this case, the amount of ginger root should be reduced.
Apple and carrot juices are very useful for lowering cholesterol and normalizing metabolism. Their regular use will also protect against vitamin deficiency. Berries fruit drinks have a similar effect. To strengthen immunity and increase tone, it is useful to drink infusions and decoctions of rose hips, raspberry leaves, linden flowers.
Not always one diet can fix it. When cholesterol levels continue to rise and signs of atherosclerosis appear, special medications are prescribed. First of all, drugs from the group of statins are prescribed – they are able to suppress the production of cholesterol by liver cells. These are fluvostatin, simvastatin, atorvastatin. They need to be taken for several months so that the cholesterol plaques stop growing.
Sequestrants of bile acids are also effective. These drugs neutralize bile acids, as a result, the liver, in order to compensate for their deficiency, is forced to spend more deposited cholesterol. The drug Ezetimibe will complement the therapy. It interferes with the absorption of cholesterol in the digestive tract.
If nutrition does not help normalize high cholesterol, its indicators are stable or exceed 5,5 mmol/l, lipid-lowering drugs can be prescribed. With an abnormally high level of cholesterol, hereditary hypercholesterolemia, drug treatment is prescribed along with a diet.
There are several groups of drugs:
Statins: Lovastatin, Rosuvastatin, Simvastatin, Atorvastatin. Essential medicines for treating high cholesterol. They have multiple contraindications, s >
3-5 weeks after the start of treatment, the patient is prescribed a lipid profile to check the effectiveness of the treatment. If the patient is not susceptible to a particular drug, the doctor prescribes several drugs or increases the dosage of the previously prescribed drug.
Cholesterol and pregnancy
In the 2nd and 3rd trimester of pregnancy, the lipid profile values change, indicators increase, which is the norm. The liver produces a double volume of cholesterol, because it is necessary for the normal development of the fetus.
During pregnancy, high cholesterol is the normal variant. However, if the level exceeds 12 mmol/L, nutritional correction is required, then a repeated lipid profile. With a hereditary predisposition to hypercholesterolemia, it is advisable to take an analysis for general cholesterol every three months.
If the diet is not effective, the doctor may prescribe lipid-lowering drugs, provided that there will be more benefit from the treatment than potential harm. It is strictly forbidden to take medicine without a doctor’s prescription. All funds have side effects that can adversely affect the development of the child.
A balanced diet, an active lifestyle, refusal or limitation of bad habits are a good prevention of lipid metabolism failures, atherosclerosis, and heart diseases.
Diet helps to lose weight. Losing 2-5 kilograms improves cholesterol control. This does not require prolonged fasting, hard diets with the rejection of the usual food.
You can improve your usual diet as follows:
- Reduce consumption of animal fats, trans fats. Animal fats should make up about 10% of the diet, and trans fats should be completely discarded. Margarine, spreads can be replaced with olive, corn oil. Butter can be consumed 1-2 times/week.
- Eat more whole grain foods: brown rice, whole grain bread, bran, bread.
- Vegetables, fruits, berries should be the basis of the daily menu. Prepare vegetable soups, stews, salads from them. Fresh or frozen berries make tasty, healthy desserts, smoothies.
- Limit the intake of exogenous cholesterol. Most of all it contains offal, egg yolks, pork, whole milk, cream, homemade cheeses.
- Do not forget about nuts, seeds containing phytosterols. Their regular use helps to reduce the concentration of dangerous lipids by 15%.
Do not blindly follow fashion, observing new, unknown diets. Often they help get rid of extra pounds only for a short time. Diets can be dangerous because they exclude components that are important for vital functions from nutrition.
With hypercholesterolemia, it is recommended to adhere to a varied menu. Every day you can eat:
- cereals – 100-200 g in the morning or evening;
- vegetables, fruits – 3-5 servings;
- low-fat dairy products – in the morning, afternoon, before bedtime;
- lean meat, poultry, fish – 200 g each:
- sweets: honey (1 tbsp. l.), dark chocolate (1/4 bar), dried fruits, candied fruit, halva, marmalade, pastille (50 g).
The Mediterranean diet helps to cope with high cholesterol. It is based on whole grains, fruits, vegetables, red fish, olive oil. It contains a lot of fiber, antioxidants, monounsaturated fats, safe for high cholesterol.
If before a person led a sedentary lifestyle, physical activity is increased gradually. At first it could be hiking, a ten-minute warm-up in the morning. Over time, the duration of the exercise is adjusted to 30 minutes. Swimming, running, cycling, yoga, Pilates are very effective.
The prognosis for high cholesterol is favorable. Timely treatment, prevention can avoid the appearance of atherosclerosis, cardiovascular disease. Of course, much depends on the lifestyle of the patient himself. Proper nutrition, physical activity, and rejection of bad habits help normalize cholesterol levels in 2-3 months.
- Markus MacGill. What causes high cholesterol? 2017
- Heart and Stroke Foundation. How to manage your cholesterol, 2017
- Maureen Salamon. Do You Really Need to Worry About Your High Cholesterol? 2018
Higher medical education. Kirov State Medical Academy (KSMA). The local therapist.
More about the author
Last Updated: August 22, 2019
In addition to such methods as increasing physical activity, maintaining a healthy lifestyle and eating healthy foods, a person with high cholesterol may be offered medications, including:
- Tricor, Lipantil 200M. These drugs effectively lower cholesterol in patients with diabetes.
- Preparations: Atomax, Liptonorm, Tulip, Torvacad, Atorvastatin. In this case, the active substance is atorvastatitis.
- Ariescore, Vasilip, Simvastatit, Simvastol, Simgal and others. The active substance in each of these drugs is the same – it is simvastatin.
In addition, after consulting a doctor, you can try to take dietary supplements. They are not medicines, but they can help lower cholesterol.
Forms of Violations
Given the mechanism of development of hypercholesterolemia, this condition can be classified as follows:
- The development of primary hypercholesterolemia is not a consequence of any transferred pathology. In most cases, a hereditary predisposition to an increase in cholesterol concentration becomes the cause of the development of the disorder. The primary form is rare, there are several possible variants of its development. With homozygous hereditary hypercholesterolemia, the child inherits the defective gene from both the mother and father. With heterozygous – from only one parent.
- The development of the secondary form of the disorder is observed as a result of exposure to certain pathologies or conditions that the patient suffered.
- The development of the alimentary form is observed with excessive consumption of fatty foods of animal origin.
The selection of the exact treatment strategy depends on the type of disorder and the reasons for its development.
To make an accurate diagnosis, the doctor conducts an oral survey and examination of the woman, prescribes additional diagnostic measures.
- During a physical examination, the doctor draws attention to the formation of cholesterol deposits in the face and body of a woman. They measure blood pressure, listen to the purity of the heart rhythm, pulse.
- During an oral survey, the doctor learns how long the formation of dense cholesterol deposits in the tendons and face has been observed and with what the patient can associate the formation of nodules or lipoid arches.
- The collection of a family history makes it possible to find out what pathologies the patient and her close relatives suffered, whether the development of the disease was related to professional activity, physique, diet, lifestyle.
- Involvement of a general blood test allows you to identify inflammatory processes and the presence of concomitant disorders.
- Through a biochemical blood test, you can determine the quantitative content of creatinine, as well as sugar and protein, uric acid.
- Thanks to an immunological blood test, the quantitative content of C-reactive proteins (proteins, the amount of which will be increased during the development of the inflammatory process), antibodies and pathogenic microorganisms that can participate in the development of atherosclerosis are revealed.
- If a hereditary form of the disease is suspected, genetic analysis is used to identify the genes responsible for the occurrence of hypercholesterolemia.
The causes of high blood cholesterol are:
- long smoking;
- overweight due to overeating;
- disruption of the liver, for example, stagnation of bile as a result of alcohol abuse;
- diabetes ;
- physical inactivity;
- an excess of hormones of the adrenal glands;
- improper nutrition (love of overly fatty foods containing unhealthy trans fats, foods high in carbohydrates, such as sweets and sodas, as well as lack of fiber in foods);
- lack of thyroid hormones;
- sedentary lifestyle and poor motor activity;
- lack of hormones of the reproductive system;
- hypersecretion of insulin;
- kidney disease
- taking certain medications.
There are times when treatment for high cholesterol is prescribed with such a poorly spread diagnosis as hereditary familial dyslipoproteinemia (deviations in the composition of lipoproteins). So, how to treat high cholesterol? It is worth noting that a medical solution to this problem is not immediately resorted to and not in all cases.
There are not only medicinal methods for influencing cholesterol in order to reduce its level. At the initial stage, you can cope with the problem without pills. Doctors say that there is no better medicine than prevention. Lead a healthy and active lifestyle.
Try to walk more in the fresh air, monitor your diet and engage in any sport that is associated with at least a small but regular physical activity.
With this lifestyle, you will not be afraid of any cholesterol.
If changes in lifestyle have not yielded positive results, then the doctor prescribes statins to the patient – these are drugs that lower cholesterol and prevent diseases such as stroke and heart attack.
In addition to statins, there are other drugs that reduce the content of “bad” cholesterol, which differ in their composition. It is important to note that both statins and other medicines designed to fight cholesterol have a number of contraindications, and as it turned out in the course of large-scale scientific research, serious side effects.
Therefore, many people are wondering how to lower cholesterol without medication. The first thing that comes to mind in this situation is to try methods of treating cholesterol with folk remedies. Traditional medicine is an unconditional storehouse of useful information, where you can find many answers to the question of what to do if high cholesterol threatens your normal health.
However, do not rush to treat “bad” cholesterol with folk remedies. Be prudent and first visit a doctor who will determine the cause of the ailment, and also expertly explain how to lower blood cholesterol without tablets.
It all starts with a lipid profile test, and, if necessary, with a comprehensive diagnosis with the involvement of narrow specialists. If cholesterol is elevated, its concentration must necessarily be adjusted. Just do not immediately pounce on pills, start with more conservative methods. The management tactics of the patient depend on the degree of hypercholesterolemia and the stage of background diseases.
Treatment of high cholesterol should be carried out comprehensively. If any pathology affects the development of the disorder, then efforts are directed to eliminating the root cause of the disease.
Drug treatment consists in using the following groups of drugs:
- Statins that help to reduce the production and quantitative content of cholesterol, as well as providing anti-inflammatory effects. Drugs in this group can increase the patient’s life expectancy by reducing the risk of developing life-threatening conditions. Such drugs are not used for severe liver dysfunction, individual intolerance to active or auxiliary substances. Statins are not used in the treatment of pregnant and lactating women, as well as patients of younger age groups. Against the background of statin treatment, it is necessary to periodically donate blood to assess the functioning of the liver and musculoskeletal system.
- Fibrates are groups of drugs whose action is aimed at normalizing triglycerides (small molecules of a fat-like substance), as well as increasing the quantitative content of high density lipoproteins (“good” cholesterol). Fibrates can be combined with drugs from the statin group according to the recommendation of the attending physician. Contraindications to the use of this group of drugs are the same as for statins.
- Omega-3,6,9- unsaturated fatty acids found in fish oil and vegetable oils (flaxseed, sesame, rapeseed). These substances help to reduce triglycerides and reduce the risk of developing cardiovascular pathologies.
- Thanks to drugs from the group of bile acid sequestrants, the binding of bile acids and cholesterol is observed with their subsequent excretion from the body. Drugs of this group can be used during the treatment of pregnant women, nursing mothers and children. Perhaps the development of unwanted adverse reactions in the form of bloating, taste disorders, constipation.
Self-medication is strongly not recommended, as it may not have the desired effect and provoke the development of complications. It is recommended to entrust the selection of the exact drug, as well as its dosage, frequency and duration of use, to a highly qualified, experienced specialist who takes into account the results of the examination, the presence of concomitant pathologies and the individual characteristics of the patient’s body.
Non-drug methods of hypercholesterolemia imply the following recommendations:
- It is necessary to normalize body weight.
- Give preference to moderate physical activity and walks in the fresh air. Good therapeutic effects are swimming, gymnastics, static loads. The selection of the type of physical activity and the degree of its intensity is recommended to entrust to a specialist in physiotherapy.
- Quitting smoking and other bad habits.
- Timely and high-quality treatment of root causes and associated pathologies.