Mustard plasters are a medical product that has a local analgesic, anti-inflammatory and irritating effect. Mustard plasters are useful especially for intense coughing, which happens with colds, as well as for the treatment of bruises and sprains.
When mustard comes in contact with the skin, reflex reactions occur. This is due to irritation of the nerve endings that are located in the upper layers of the skin. Mustard plasters have such a therapeutic effect:
- Contribute to the expansion of blood vessels and activation of blood circulation.
- The symptomatic nervous system is excited, due to which adrenaline is additionally thrown into the blood.
- Promotes the warming of inflamed tissues.
Mustard compress is necessary for the patient in order for the immune system to begin to work more actively and all the forces of the body directed to fight the infection. Such a primitive tool will help to significantly speed up recovery.
Mustard plasters are produced in two types. In the pharmacy you can buy paper sheets, on one side of which a thin layer of mustard is applied, and sachets of thin paper, in the middle of which there is mustard powder. Both of these drugs are equally effective.
From ancient times, mustard seeds were crushed, sprinkled in a linen bag and used as compresses. Dry mustard is still poured into woolen socks before bedtime – this folk method helps to cope with the first symptoms of a cold.
Modern mustard plaster is a dense paper coated with a dry layer of mustard. The reverse side of the paper is waxed, which allows more efficient use of the compress. “Fresh” mustard has a yellow color, does not crumble, does not smell when dry. In contact with water, a characteristic sharp smell of mustard appears.
Another variety of mustard plasters is metered cell bags made of porous paper with sprinkled mustard. They can easily be separated from each other and used as intended for a limited area of the body.
Mustard compresses are also made at home, so the likelihood of freshness of raw materials increases. Fine mustard and flour are mixed in equal proportions, warm water is added and applied to a fabric or thick paper. It remains to dry and use as directed.
Mustard plasters are indicated for the following problems:
- colds, respiratory diseases;
- pain in the muscles;
- angina pectoris;
- sciatica, salt deposition;
- recovery after sprains, bruises, fractures.
- The mechanism of action of mustard plasters
- Properties and Views
- Is setting mustard plasters acceptable for children?
- Can I use it during pregnancy and feeding?
- How to determine the quality of mustard plasters?
- Features of treatment
- How to put mustard plasters: step by step instructions
- How to make mustard plasters at home?
- Contraindications and adverse reactions
- Patient Reviews
The mechanism of action of mustard plasters
Mustard plasters, being on the surface of the skin in certain places, dilate blood vessels, which leads to improved blood circulation and increased protective functions of the body. The autonomic system, in turn, is excited – this helps to increase its tone.
The active principle is mustard oil. When wet in water, mustard powder begins to secrete an essential oil. In the place of contact on the skin, chemical irritation of the skin receptors occurs, local inflammation occurs with the corresponding reactions of the body. Blood and lymph vessels dilate, and hyperemia, local fever, burning and mild itching appear on the skin.
Adrenaline released into the bloodstream stimulates the work of many organs, phagocytes are activated – cells of the immune system that destroy pathogenic microorganisms, as well as dead and dying cells.
The increasing local blood supply improves blood flow in the underlying tissues, due to this, inflammation decreases, toxins, including lactic acid, are removed, a distracting effect occurs and pain is relieved.
The therapeutic effect is exerted by the substances that make up the mustard powder:
- Glycosides – synargin contained in black mustard, or sinalbin – from white mustard, are irritating. This is similar to the action of allergens, it is they that, getting into the blood, cause the release of adrenaline.
- Unsaturated fatty acids and phytosterols have a bactericidal effect.
- The enzyme mirosine breaks down and activates glycosides, which penetrate deep into the skin and have antiseptic properties.
- Mustard powder, like the mustard grains from which it is derived, is rich in vitamins and minerals. It should be noted that they do not have any special effect on the body, as they are absorbed in very small quantities.
In general, mustard plasters have anti-inflammatory, expectorant and analgesic effects. The effectiveness of mustard plasters was not confirmed by official studies, however, numerous reviews of those who used them in their treatment are only positive.
Properties and Views
Almost all people are familiar with the burning and plucking properties of mustard plasters. This is due to the mustard powder and volatile, which provoke on the skin to which they touch, heating, increased blood circulation, sweating. In this way, harmful substances that accumulate in the body during the illness are eliminated. It also promotes liquefaction and elimination of sputum from the lungs.
Mustard plasters are used for:
Most often, mustard plasters are used in the treatment of respiratory diseases. The method itself is divided into the following types:
- Rectangular paper sheets with one side covered with mustard powder.
- Sachets of a flat type, filled with mustard.
You should be careful when buying mustard plasters. Sachets and sheets should be intact, that is, mustard should not spill out of them. You should also pay attention to the smell. It must be sharp and persistent, like ordinary mustard, otherwise we can talk about expired goods.
Mustard plasters can be bought at the pharmacy, but can be made by yourself. To do this, you will need:
- In a ratio of 1: 1 or 1: 3 mix flour and dry mustard, which depends on the age of the patient and the threshold of pain sensitivity.
- Dilute the mixture with warm water, then transfer it to a cloth or paper.
- Next, apply to the body. We’ll talk about the location of mustard plasters next.
Mustard plasters effectively help with chronic cough. They affect the area of the lungs, from where sputum leaves. Also, this tool has vasoconstrictive and warming effects, improves oxygen delivery to tissues and speeds up blood circulation.
Is setting mustard plasters acceptable for children?
Many parents are puzzled by the question of whether it is possible to put mustard plasters on children with cough and other pathological conditions. For children under the age of 1, use mustard plasters is unacceptable. For children from 2 years old, mustard plasters are placed only through gauze and for a short period of time (no more than 2-3 minutes).
Doctors recommend dry mustard wraps for babies with dry and wet coughs. To do this, you need to prepare a special solution. Take half a liter of warm boiled water, add 10 g of dry mustard powder to it, mix thoroughly. After that, soak a soft terry towel in the prepared solution and roll the child into it. Put the patient on the sofa and cover with a warm blanket.
Let the baby lie in this position for about 5 minutes. Then the baby can be washed with warm water and wrapped in a warm bikini cloth or dressed in clean warm clothes (depending on age). After this procedure, the baby is shown bed rest. It will be good if he falls asleep.
Children under 2 years old mustard is not recommended. In this case, other types of treatment can be used. For children over this age, mustard plasters are placed on the opposite side, or under mustard plasters, they put on the skin moistened with water and wrung, 2-layer gauze or cotton cloth.
Children are such a restless people that it’s very difficult for them to lie calmly even for 2 minutes. I also put mustard plasters and banks to my daughters. It was necessary. But I did so. Of course, she explained that this should be done in order to be cured and told them to imagine that they were sitting in the sun, and the sun warms their backs.
Mustard plasters stuck on her back, wrapped it tightly in a towel so that the mustard plasters did not fall off, but she wrapped a blanket on top and sat down in front of the TV and turned on cartoons. Timed. My girls sat calmly and basked. It happened that the mustard plasters were fresh and very warm, then I removed the mustard plasters at their request. Try it and you do it.
And yet, whether or not to put mustard plasters on children, find out in this video the opinion of Dr. Komarovsky.
In the days of the Soviet Union, mustard plasters were considered almost a panacea for colds. Grandmothers actively advise young and inexperienced parents to apply mustard compresses for the slightest cough of the child. However, parents must figure out for themselves and decide how effective this treatment procedure is for the baby.
Preschool children are strictly forbidden to put mustard on coughing, they still have a very sensitive body, and mustard is quite aggressive in nature. You can buy mustard plasters for babies, which are softer in their effects and will not bring harm.
According to Dr. Komarovsky:
- mustard plasters will not help with a serious illness, and with a common cold you can do without them. The main thing is that the air in the apartment is humid, and the drink is plentiful;
- mustard vapors by inhalation cause mucosal irritation;
- allergic reactions to mustard are common enough.
Despite the skepticism of a well-known pediatrician, many parents believe that when using mustard plasters, cough in children decreases.
Some believe that the use of mustard plasters in the treatment of children should not be. Others are of the opinion that if there is no individual intolerance and allergic reactions, then these applications can be used. In any case, you should look at the reaction of the baby after he was given compresses.
- If adults can put mustard plasters directly on their chest and back, then children can do this only on one side at a time.
- A layer of gauze must be put between the mustard and the skin. If the baby is less than a year old, then this layer should be folded in half.
- The duration of the overlay is reduced to 10 minutes. If there is an unpleasant sensation in the baby, then the mustard plasters are removed immediately.
- If mustard plasters help, then you can extend the course of their use up to 10 days.
Can I use it during pregnancy and feeding?
Compresses with mustard are strictly contraindicated for pregnant women. The body of the future mother is already undergoing changes, so the expansion of blood vessels and additional warming can harm. The body will try to stabilize the pressure by releasing additional mediators into the blood, they will narrow the blood vessels and reduce the flow of oxygen to the child.
Mustard increases uterine tension, is a natural abortion remedy, and can cause miscarriage or early birth.
The hazardous properties of mustard plasters for pregnant women can be reduced by applying them to the feet or pouring dry mustard in socks, the duration of the compress should not exceed several minutes.
And it’s best to rule out mustard plasters for treating colds in pregnant women.
Young mothers who are breastfeeding can use mustard compresses, but they should limit their use in the chest area.
How to determine the quality of mustard plasters?
Mustard plasters are a great way to fight a cold. They are thick paper sheets on the surface of which a layer of mustard is applied. For their manufacture, as a rule, use defatted powder of two types of mustard seeds – Sarepta and black.
But, unfortunately, not all mustard plasters that are on sale are of high quality. In order for the treatment to have a positive result, you need to know what distinctive features high-quality mustard plasters have.
First of all, it is recommended to pay attention to the degree of strength with which a layer of mustard powder is held on a sheet of paper. If it lags behind the paper when wetted or crumbles in a dry state, then you have acquired poor-quality plasters.
Also appreciate the smell of mustard plasters – it should not be musty or sour. High-quality plasters, when wetted, are characterized by a sharp specific smell, reminiscent of the smell of volatile mustard oil.
No less important is the storage of mustard plasters. After all, the composition of mustard powder may change, which will affect the quality of the patches. They should not be stored in rooms with a high degree of humidity.
Features of treatment
For the treatment of respiratory and neurological diseases, only fresh mustard must be taken. At the same time, it is worth paying attention not only to the date of manufacture, but also to the appearance of the medical applications. If they were stored incorrectly, for example, in a damp place, then they may also be unsuitable for use.
On fresh mustard plasters, the powder should be applied evenly and have a pleasant smell of essential oils. If mustard has a smell of old oil, then it is not worth it to be treated with such drugs. Do not use mustard plasters, in which the healing layer is poured.
Mustard applications are useful for severe cough, runny nose, as well as pain of a neurological nature. Before resorting to such treatment, it is necessary to carefully study the indications and contraindications for the warming procedure. In order for the treatment to have an effect, mustard leaves must be correctly placed.
How to put mustard plasters: step by step instructions
Mustard plasters perfectly help in the fight:
- with pleurisy;
- with bronchitis;
- with headaches;
- with bronchopneumonia;
- with dry and wet cough, having a severe course and lasting a long time;
- with insomnia;
- with high blood pressure;
- with radiculitis;
- with a runny nose.
- with myositis;
- with neuralgia;
- with laryngotracheitis;
- with angina pectoris. With coronary heart disease, mustard plasters are used infrequently. It all depends on the severity of the disease. The possibility and necessity of using mustard plasters in this case can only be determined by a doctor.
- Remove the mustard plasters from the package and place (in horizontal position) for 10-15 seconds in a container of warm boiled water, the temperature of which should vary from 36 ° C to 40 ° C.
- After taking them out of the water tank, shake them well so that no excess liquid remains on them.
- Then place the mustard plasters in the chosen place and keep no more than 5 minutes. Cover with a soft terry towel. Wrap the patient in a warm blanket.
- After a certain time (depending on the disease and the number of procedures performed), remove mustard plasters.
- After the procedure, the patient should also continue to observe bed rest, wrapping himself in a warm blanket.
- If during the procedure you will feel a strong burning sensation, lay a thin moistened sheet of paper or cheesecloth between mustard and skin. If the burning persists, stop the procedure immediately.
- To calm the skin areas irritated by mustard plaster, rinse them with warm water and grease them with petroleum jelly (it is permissible to replace them with any vegetable oil). This will soften the skin and prevent the formation of severe irritation.
- In no case do not wipe the places burned with mustard plasters on the skin with cologne or any other alcohol-containing agent.
Mustard plasters make 2 types: leaf blades with a thin layer of dried mustard and sachets of 4 cells with dry mustard powder.
As an expectorant, distracting and analgesic, mustard plasters are used for both adults and children, starting from 2 years of age and shown
- with colds of the upper and lower respiratory tract (rhinitis, laryngitis, tracheitis, bronchitis, pneumonia);
- with myalgia;
- with lumbago, sciatica, radiculitis;
- with neuralgia;
- with hypertensive crisis;
- with angina pectoris;
- with bruises and sprains.
In order for mustard plasters to have a positive effect on a sick body, you should know how to use them. It is the same for all types of mustard plasters:
- Mustard plasters lower the water heated to 40 degrees for 5-10 seconds.
- Then they are applied to areas that can be heated. The main place is the back (shoulder blades, cervical spine) and the chest.
- We apply mustard plasters, avoiding places such as the spine, heart, birthmarks, bony protrusions, kidneys and mammary glands.
- Having distributed the applications evenly, we apply a warm towel on top.
- Check the skin under the mustard every 2-3 minutes for redness. If there is a strong burning sensation or there is a profuse redness, the applications should be removed.
- The duration of the procedure is no more than 15-20 minutes, which is very individual.
- Remove mustard plasters and wipe the skin to remove the remains of mustard.
- Then grease the skin with oil or cream.
Better if mustard plasters are put to bed. Immediately after the procedure, the patient may fall asleep under a warm blanket.
Feet and calves are also places where mustard plasters can be applied. The procedure is the same as for the back. So that the mustard plasters do not fall, they are wrapped with a bandage on top. We also hold for no more than 20 minutes, after which we remove and grease with cream.
If you put mustard plasters on the feet, then this is done in a dry form. Warm socks are put on and left for an hour. After that, the applications are removed and wiped from mustard.
How to make mustard plasters at home?
If you doubt the quality of the purchased mustard plasters, you can try to make them yourself. It should immediately be noted that mustard must be made immediately before use.
To make it, you will need rectangular paper or fabric sheets, table mustard powder (seeds can be crushed using a coffee grinder), rye flour and warm boiled water.
Mix 1: 1 mustard powder and flour. Then dilute the resulting mixture with water until a mass is formed, the consistency of which should resemble batter. After this, the mustard-flour mass must be applied with a thick layer (not more than 0,5 cm) on the prepared sheets.
Sometimes it happens that you decide to use mustard plasters, for example, when coughing, and the pharmacy mustard plasters have run out. It doesn’t matter, it is rather simple to cook mustard plasters at home.
If mustard plasters are necessary for adults, then we prepare them as follows. We mustard the powder in a glass with warm water, I do not indicate the proportions, since we add the powder gradually and mix thoroughly so that there are no lumps. The consistency of mustard should be like thick sour cream.
Smear the resulting slurry with an even thin layer on a sheet of thin paper, cover with another layer of paper on top and apply the mustard to the skin. All other recommendations are also observed, as with the imposition of pharmacy mustard plasters.
If we prepare mustard plasters for children, then we mix mustard powder with wheat flour in a ratio of 1: 2-3. And the rest of the actions are the same.
Mustard wraps can be given to young children. To do this, prepare the composition: in 1 liter of warm water, dilute 1 tablespoon of dry mustard powder. Dip the flannel diaper in the resulting solution, squeeze it well, wrap the baby in a diaper, and cover with a blanket on top. The duration of the procedure is no more than 5 minutes.
Dear readers, today you learned how to put mustard plasters correctly. Some are afraid of mustard plaster, like fire. If you follow the recommendations for their use, they will only benefit you. But you should not use table mustard from cans, there will definitely not be any benefit from this. Use mustard plasters, they will help you recover faster along with medicines!
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Contraindications and adverse reactions
There are a number of contraindications to the formulation of mustard applications. It is forbidden to apply warming compresses for such diseases and conditions:
- In the acute phase of a respiratory disease, when the temperature is elevated, chills and fever are also observed.
- During the period of gestation, as well as in the lactation period.
- With neurodermatitis.
- With oncological diseases.
- With pathologies of a dermatological nature. This includes eczema, dermatitis, and purulent rashes.
- In case of bronchial asthma.
- With intolerance to mustard powder, as well as high sensitivity to it.
Mustard plasters are also contraindicated in pulmonary tuberculosis, hemoptysis and suspected pulmonary hemorrhage.
You can resort to such warming procedures only as prescribed by your doctor. Before starting treatment, you must definitely read the instructions for use and if you have any questions, ask their doctor.
Mustard can not be used, even if the above indications are available, if there are diseases and integrity of the skin: neurodermatitis, eczema, various dermatitis, allergic rashes, ulcers, wounds, sores, warts, moles.
In addition, an individual intolerance to mustard, a lack of sensitivity on the skin, malignant neoplasms, existing or already cured, are a contraindication, so heating can again cause tumor growth.
A relative contraindication is pregnancy, so any warming can provoke an increase in uterine tone, if there is still a need for this procedure, then mustard plasters are applied to the neck or upper shoulder girdle.
For breast-feeding mothers, the use of mustard plasters is not contraindicated if mustard plasters are not applied to the mammary glands.
Mustard plasters should not be used for children under 2 years of age, as they will not be able to tell about their feelings, and their skin is very tender and this can trigger a burn.
Many people wonder whether it is possible to put mustard plasters at a temperature. The answer is unequivocal – it is impossible. This is explained by the fact that temperature is a response of the body. The body responds by increasing the load on the cardiovascular and respiratory system. And mustard plasters will create an even greater load.
If recommendations are not followed, side effects are possible. This is mainly the appearance of burns on the skin. They appear most often when they hold them longer than the prescribed time and in people with thin and sensitive skin. Allergic reactions and skin irritations are possible, which is extremely rare.
Mustard compresses are contraindicated in:
- body temperature above 37 degrees. Put a compress at the initial signs of a cold or after a crisis, when the temperature has returned to normal and does not rise during the day. Otherwise, the patient’s condition may worsen;
- allergies or individual intolerance. Mustard essential oils are the strongest allergen. If the cough intensifies after a compress, then mustard plasters should be excluded from the treatment regimen. Signs of an allergy are also urticaria, sudden rhinitis, sneezing, lacrimation;
- oncology. An increase in temperature in the neoplasm can lead to tumor growth. In other places, the use of a compress is permissible only after consulting a doctor;
- tuberculosis. Mustard increases blood circulation, which means it will have an irritating and dangerous effect on the lungs;
- open wounds or skin diseases. Contact with mustard on the skin, the integrity of which is impaired, will lead to severe burns and increased inflammation;
- pregnancy and childhood up to 6 years.
Indications for use of mustard plasters – bronchitis, tracheitis, laryngitis and other diseases of the respiratory system. Plates with mustard successfully treat neuralgia, headaches, radiculitis and even insomnia. But the most frequent use of mustard plasters is associated with a prolonged cough that does not go away for weeks, or even months.
Mustard must not be given if the nature of the cough is allergic. Mustard plasters are also not used for tuberculosis (as well as any pulmonary bleeding) and asthma. You can not use this method of treatment if the disease is in acute form – with fever and chills. Mustard plasters should not be used by women during pregnancy and lactation. Also, the patient may have an individual intolerance to mustard – in this case, skin irritation can be very serious.
The considered method of treating cough and respiratory diseases is effective, if only the contraindications that are present when using mustard plasters are taken into account. Not always and not all of them should be set.
- High temperature is the first indicator that mustard should not be set. The highest value should be 37,3 degrees. If it is higher, then mustard plasters are prohibited. They have a warming property, so after using them, the body will receive an additional load, which can lead to an increase in temperature.
- There are also individual pathologies in the body that indicate a ban on the use of mustard plasters:
- Individual intolerance.
- Skin diseases: psoriasis, weeping eczema, neurodermatitis.
- Acute respiratory infections.
- Heart diseases.
- Tumor diseases.
- Viral diseases.
- Pustular formations on the skin where mustard plasters are placed.
- Pregnancy and lactation are also contraindications, which indicate a ban on the use of mustard plasters as a treatment. This is due to the thermal effect that is created in the body and can harm the baby. Abortion when using mustard plasters is also noted.
- Young children should also not put mustard plasters (or do this as a last resort). They have fairly delicate skin, which can lead to burns and pain.
- Mustard must not be placed in the following places:
- Bony protrusions.
- A heart.
- Milk glands.
- Acne, scratches, moles and sore spots.
- Do not use mustard plasters for more than 4 consecutive days. In the absence of a positive effect, you should switch to another method of treating cough. It is also not recommended to use mustard plasters more than 1 time per day, otherwise this can lead to individual intolerance or an allergic reaction.
In addition to mustard, you can use antitussive drugs, which are often used for angina pectoris, bronchitis, pneumonia, neuralgia, myositis, headache, laryngotracheitis, etc.
Patient reviews on the Internet are very different. Someone is very pleased with their use, someone, on the contrary, swears. I will not give all the reviews. Having tried using them at least once, you yourself will understand and appreciate the result of their therapeutic effect.
And in order to evaluate their actions, mustard plasters should not be expired, after buying them in a pharmacy they must be stored correctly, namely in a tightly closed bag so that the essential oils do not evaporate. And mustard plasters have an expiration date, pay attention to this when buying.
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