HDL cholesterol lowered what it means, causes in men and women

If it is possible to cure high cholesterol with drug therapy, then only a special diet, rejection of negative habits (nicotine and alcohol addiction), and moderate exercise can help increase the reduced level.

Physical activities

People with excess body fat are advised to normalize their weight. Optimal will be physical activity: swimming, cycling, daily walking. Visits to the gym are possible, but give preference not to strength exercises, but to endurance exercises.

Bad habits

Alcohol complicates the digestive process, preventing the absorption of nutrients, which leads to exhaustion. This contributes to the inhibition of the synthesis of “useful” cholesterol, causing its decrease.

Nicotine causes vascular wear due to spasm, which expands them with a further sharp narrowing. It has a negative effect on the functionality of the adrenal glands that produce cholesterol.

A complete rejection of these dependencies, which significantly reduce the level of cholesterol in the blood, will allow it to increase by 10%.

Cholesterol deficiency can be made up for with foods that are high in fat. But this must be taken carefully, since only “healthy” cholesterol is necessary to increase the level. Therefore, products containing Omega-3 (fish oil, linseed oil) are recommended, and:

  • calf liver, kidney, brain and tongue;
  • egg yolks;
  • butter and olive oil;
  • hard cheeses;
  • flaxseed and pumpkin seeds;
  • walnuts;
  • marine fish species, seafood.

To prevent the increase of “bad” cholesterol, the above diet should be diluted with foods containing vitamin C: vegetables, fruits and herbs. Products whose use must be reduced, up to the complete exception:

  • cereals and cereal products;
  • pasta;
  • butter baking;
  • White bread.

Self-medication is unacceptable. It is recommended to visit a specialist who will identify the cause of low cholesterol and prescribe treatment aimed at eliminating it.

Important! It is necessary to prevent a decrease in cholesterol in children, since it provides growing bones with calcium and maintains the integrity of actively dividing cells, otherwise it is possible: brain underdevelopment and gastrointestinal dysfunction. And in old age, cholesterol will help to stay healthy for a long time.

Based on the described possible consequences of lowered cholesterol in the blood, it is highly not recommended to self-medicate and even more so to prescribe medication yourself. Only a qualified doctor should make tactics for treating low cholesterol, based on data from a study of blood plasma, age, gender, weight of the patient, as well as the presence of additional concomitant diseases and allergic reactions.

One of the components of a successful increase in high-density lipoproteins is dieting. For low cholesterol, your doctor may recommend that you include beef brains, tongue and liver, egg yolk, all kinds of seafood, such as shrimp, squid, red fish, caviar, high-quality olive and butter, cheeses, pumpkin and sunflower seeds, walnut kernel in your diet. walnut, as they effectively increase the concentration of HDL.

In addition to foods with low HDL, you need to drink enough fluids. To avoid deviations of HDL and kidney pathologies, diversify your diet with all kinds of fruit drinks, compotes, green tea, cranberry juice. Drink plenty of clean water without gas, but it is better to refuse sweet, carbonated drinks.

In order to get the most out of these products, the heat treatment process is important. Optimal are cooking and steaming. It is also possible to bake food in the oven. Eating fried foods is not recommended. An exception can be considered a slight degree of frying in olive oil.

A common misconception in patients with hypolipoproteinemia is that you need to use fats in large quantities to increase cholesterol. It is important to remember that cholesterol can be both good and bad, and this way will only increase the second. In any case, in the pursuit of increasing cholesterol, it is recommended that you include more citrus fruits rich in vitamin C in your diet, which prevents the negative effects of “bad” cholesterol.

Currently, there are a number of drugs, the so-called statins, whose action is aimed at reducing the concentration of low-density lipoproteins, and, in general, preventing vascular catastrophe. Nicotinic acid, that is, vitamin PP, is equally effective in this task.

To prevent or delay the development of atherosclerosis of blood vessels and other cardiac pathologies as much as possible, it is only possible to start prevention on time. For this, the endocrinologist will advise you to moderate physical activity, the right lifestyle and a healthy diet. It was also found that quitting smoking and alcohol and alcohol leads to an increase in HDL by an average of 10%. From time to time, you can cleanse the liver with honey or mineral water.

Like hypercholesterolemia, the insufficient presence of sterol in the blood must be corrected. But with low cholesterol, we are not talking about drugs. It is enough to start eating right, go in for sports, get rid of bad habits.

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You can stop the decrease in cholesterol by products containing omega-3 acids:

  • natural fish oil;
  • linen;
  • olive oil;
  • olives;
  • by-products;
  • hard cheeses;
  • eggs, seafood.

To block harmful cholesterol, vegetables, berries and fruits with vitamin C are added to the diet:

  • citrus;
  • raspberries;
  • blueberries;
  • currants;
  • mountain ash;
  • rose hips;
  • fresh greens;
  • spinach;
  • broccoli.

At the same time, cereals, pasta, pastries are excluded.

Low cholesterol is corrected by regular exercise. They help to lose extra pounds, balance lipid fractions. The following are considered optimal: hiking, swimming, biking, horse riding, dancing, aerobics. Under the ban – strength exercises. The purpose of sports is to develop endurance. They will help raise cholesterol by 20 percent, no less.

You should simply forget about bad habits (smoking, alcohol), this will automatically raise the level of cholesterol by 10%.

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Decreased values ​​in women

The average cholesterol in women is:

  • the level of triglycerides is 2,5 mmol / l;
  • total cholesterol – up to 5 mmol / l;
  • the amount of LDL up to 2,3 mmol / l.

During pregnancy, an increase in these indicators is almost 2 times.

Cholesterol is very important for a woman’s body. It is a building material for cell membranes. It is also used to isolate nerve fibers, helps accelerate the production of estrogen.

It’s impossible to live without cholesterol. It helps protect cells from temperature changes, takes part in the production of vitamin D and hormones.

Cholesterol is a special substance that heals damage to nerve fibers and is present in the composition of their membrane. And also cholesterol is involved in metabolic processes.

It is known that about 80% of cholesterol is produced by the liver tissues, so the reason for lowering cholesterol can be not only poor nutrition, liver diseases are also able to participate in this.

An adult needs about 200 mg of total cholesterol per day.

A decrease in the concentration of this substance in women can cause similar consequences:

  • liver disease;
  • severe anemia;
  • gastrointestinal diseases;
  • chronic pathology of the respiratory tract or pulmonary tuberculosis.

Lowering cholesterol in women leads to the development of a deficiency of the hormone of happiness – serotonin. This has a strong influence on her character. A woman has irritability and aggression. Often becomes depressed or creates stressful situations.

Cholesterol lowering factors include poor diet

There are a lot of factors leading to lower cholesterol in women.

Chronic pathologies of the kidneys and gall bladder, genetics, diabetes at the last stage, hypertension, pregnancy, various chronic diseases, smoking and alcoholism, vascular and heart diseases.

Factors that lower cholesterol also include an unhealthy diet. Unbalanced diets can deplete the body, worsen the patient’s health.

With prolonged cholesterol starvation, deplorable consequences can develop:

  • infertility or inability to bear a child;
  • arthritis, osteoporosis;
  • disturbances in the psychoemotional state, up to suicides;
  • diabetes;
  • chronic disorders of the digestive tract;
  • fatal hemorrhagic stroke.

A sharp decrease in cholesterol in women can cause obesity. Fat metabolism is disturbed, because cholesterol is needed for oxidation reactions.

In women, sexual desire is reduced, due to a lack of cholesterol, which is responsible for the production of sex hormones.

Important! With reduced cholesterol, the risk of developing cancer of the liver, drug and alcohol dependence increases by several times.

Causes of Low Cholesterol in Men

If a low cholesterol concentration is detected in a man, one can quite confidently talk about the presence of pathologies of the cardiovascular system

Normal cholesterol is of great importance to men. It is necessary for the proper functioning of all organs, contributes to the formation and development of cell membranes. In addition to participating in the development of the genital organs, it is indispensable for maintaining the functions of the adrenal glands in the production of hormones aldosterone, cortisol and others. It is necessary for the formation of bile and vitamin D. It is not replaceable during the implementation of metabolic processes in the body.

An important function of cholesterol is the isolation of nerve fibers, which helps to reduce sensitivity during stress.

When a low concentration of cholesterol in a man is detected, one can quite confidently talk about the presence of pathologies of the cardiovascular system.

To reduce the concentration of cholesterol can lead to:

  • various forms of anemia;
  • hyperthyroidism;
  • the development of acute infectious pathologies;
  • pulmonary tuberculosis;
  • heart failure.
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Men’s cholesterol levels may decrease due to malnutrition, when there are few amino acids and fats in it. Taking estrogens for a long period of time can also reduce the amount of lipoproteins in representatives of the strong half of humanity.

Need to abandon unhealthy habits

  1. To increase cholesterol, you need to do sports and hardening the body. Jogging in the morning, pouring water greatly contribute to this.
  2. Full relaxation is also needed. You need to sleep 8 hours a day.
  3. Do not enter into conflicts, do not be nervous, avoid stress, if possible.
  4. Urgently lose weight, go on a balanced and healthy diet.
  5. In addition to the above, give up unhealthy habits: do not abuse alcohol and smoking.
  6. Replace coffee with tea and juices.

Cholesterol and its types

The value, types and functions of cholesterol in the human body

Cholesterol is a lipid substance that is produced by the liver. It performs many functions necessary for the normal functioning of the whole organism. Such a substance is present in the body of not only humans, but also animals. A small amount of cholesterol is also found in vegetable fats.

  • Cell membrane formation
  • Participation in the production of sex hormones
  • Adrenal Support
  • Bile production
  • Convert Solar Energy to Vitamin D
  • Participate in metabolic processes
  • Nerve tissue isolation

Cholesterol is usually classified according to its quality. There are “good” and “bad” cholesterol, which differ from each other in their density:

  • The peculiarity of the “bad” type of substance is that when it is circulated excessively in the blood, it begins to settle on the surface of blood vessels. As a result of this, formations are formed, due to which the patency of the veins and arteries worsens, they become less elastic and flexible. As a result, a disease known as atherosclerosis can develop, which subsequently leads to serious complications in the form of heart attacks and strokes.
  • The so-called “good” cholesterol has an opposite effect on the body. With a normal rate of this substance, the likelihood of cardiovascular disease is minimized.

It should also be noted that triglycerides can form in the human body. This is a form of fatty substances that occurs when “good” cholesterol is below normal, while its other form exceeds normal. The formation of triglycerides contributes to the regular use of alcohol, sweets, fatty foods.

Undoubtedly, cholesterol is an important substance that performs many functions, but depending on its quality, it can be either “good” or “bad”.

Cholesterol Diagnosis – Blood Test: Preparation and Procedure

In order to find out the level of cholesterol in the blood, a special procedure is applied – the lipid spectrum of the blood. This diagnostic method is aimed at determining the amount of “good” and “bad”, total cholesterol, as well as the content of triglycerides in the blood.

Before the procedure, some preparation is necessary. Within 12 hours before analysis, you should not eat any food or drink anything other than pure still water. In addition, you should stop taking the drugs, and the day before the procedure, exclude fatty or spicy foods from your diet. During the procedure, the patient is sampled in the amount necessary to determine the actual level of cholesterol.

  • For men, the norm of “good” cholesterol is 2.25-4.82 mmol per 1 liter of blood. In women, this indicator is 1.92-4.50 mmol per 1 liter of blood.
  • As for the “bad” cholesterol, in men the norm is 0.7-1.7 mmol per 1 liter, and in women – 0.86-2.2 mmol per 1 liter of blood.

It is also important to pay attention to the content of triglycerides in the blood. The normal rate of this substance is less than 200 mg / dl. The maximum allowable rate is up to 400 mg / dl. An increase in this indicator in the analysis results indicates an increased level of triglycerides.

Analysis for cholesterol is recommended for women and men over the age of 20 years. The procedure should be repeated at least once every 1 years, in the absence of symptoms of a violation of the norm. In addition, checking the level of cholesterol in the blood is recommended for children aged 5 years. Repeated diagnostics can be performed to determine the effectiveness of treatment, as well as in the preparation of diets, to control cholesterol levels. In some cases, a test may be prescribed for symptoms of a disease of the cardiovascular system.

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Svetlana Borszavich

General practitioner, cardiologist, with active work in therapy, gastroenterology, cardiology, rheumatology, immunology with allergology.
Fluent in general clinical methods for the diagnosis and treatment of heart disease, as well as electrocardiography, echocardiography, monitoring of cholera on an ECG and daily monitoring of blood pressure.
The treatment complex developed by the author significantly helps with cerebrovascular injuries and metabolic disorders in the brain and vascular diseases: hypertension and complications caused by diabetes.
The author is a member of the European Society of Therapists, a regular participant in scientific conferences and congresses in the field of cardiology and general medicine. She has repeatedly participated in a research program at a private university in Japan in the field of reconstructive medicine.