Endarteritis signs, diagnosis, progression and relief of the disease preventive measures

Obliterating endarteritis of the vessels of the lower extremities is a very dangerous pathology, in the last stages of which, in the absence of proper treatment, a person may even lose legs. What are the symptoms and treatment of endarteritis of the vessels of the lower extremities, and why does this disease occur? Is it possible to somehow prevent it?

This is an inflammatory pathology of the peripheral arteries. As a result of the development of this disease, there is a narrowing of these arteries and a deterioration of the blood circulation process, which provokes a complete blockage of blood vessels and tissue hypoxia, gangrene.

Usually, the pathology affects the area of ​​the feet and legs. Since less and less blood and oxygen, respectively, enter the vessels, soft tissues gradually wither, after which they simply cease to function and die. Pathology is more common among middle-aged men, but can also occur in women.

It was not possible to establish the exact nature of the development of vascular endarteritis. However, most doctors are of the opinion that they provoke the development of this pathology autoimmune antibodies that provoke inflammatory processes and affect the walls of arteries. This causes destruction of the connective tissue and narrowing of the lumen of the vessels.

Due to inflammation and sclerosis, fatty tissue that surrounds the vessels is affected. And the connective tissue begins to squeeze the arteries from the outside, which further exacerbates the existing situation.

In addition, doctors managed to find a close relationship between the development of obliterating endarteritis of blood vessels and the chronic form of poisoning of the body with nicotine and other poisons. Affect the development of the disease and frequent stressful situations, neuropsychic overstrain and even regular hypothermia of the lower extremities.

Depending on the stage of development of the pathology, the symptoms can vary significantly. There may be an alternation of periodic exacerbations of the disease and remissions, which can last a very long time, misleading the patient.

Because of this, people often think that the problem is gone and delay the visit to the doctor. This is actually a huge mistake. Since the disease simply falls into the so-called sleep mode, in order to soon worsen with a new intensity and already in a more difficult stage.

The same reason often does not make it possible to recognize endarteritis in time. Among the most common symptoms are:

  • the appearance of a sharp pain in the lower extremities, which can occur both at rest, and during movement, physical exertion;
  • fatigue during walking and the appearance of pain, a feeling of heaviness in the calf;
  • the appearance of small wounds on the toes that do not heal long enough, regardless of treatment;
  • the appearance of numbness of the feet and a frequent sensation of coldness in the legs;
  • swelling of the lower extremities appears;
  • foot hyperhidrosis;
  • poor palpation of the pulse, sometimes the patient can’t even feel the pulse at all;
  • fragility of nails, deformation;
  • cramps in the legs, which first appear at night, after – while walking, and then completely permanently;
  • the skin on the lower extremities becomes pale, the legs are always cold, a bluish tint may appear.

Depending on the stage of development of the disease, the intensity of the symptoms and the treatment itself may vary.

An informational video that details what the disease is, how it manifests itself, and how it can be cured.

Stages of development

Doctors distinguish five stages of development of obliterating endarteritis of vessels of the lower extremities. Each of the stages has its own characteristics:

  1. The first stage is the initial one. It is impossible to detect a sign of the development of the disease at this stage. There is a gradual decrease in the lumen in the vessels and a gradual deterioration of the blood circulation process.
  2. The second stage is ischemic. The patient notes periodic or regular cooling of the lower extremities and the appearance of pallor of the skin. There is a feeling of weakness after a short physical exertion, soreness and lameness.
  3. The third stage is trophic. There is an overgrowth of connective tissue and a narrowing of the lumen of the vessels. Soreness in the legs is already more noticeable and occurs almost on an ongoing basis (not only when walking, but also in a state of calm). The pulsation becomes weaker, there is a slight deformation of the toenails.
  4. The fourth stage is ulcerative necrotic. There are changes in the tissues of the feet of an irreversible nature, blood flow stops. Arteries completely close, wounds and ulcers appear on the feet, tissue necrosis (death) develops. Without help, a person is no longer able to move.
  5. The fifth stage is the last. The formation of dry or wet gangrene occurs, and the changes apply not only to the area of ​​the legs, but also to other organs. There is blood poisoning, general intoxication, which can trigger a fatal outcome.

In the early stages of the development of the disease, it is possible to get rid of the pathology without harming human health. Otherwise, amputation of the lower extremities and even death is possible.

Diagnostics

Treatment of obliterating endarteritis of the vessels of the lower extremities with their preservation is possible only at the initial stages of the development of the disease. Therefore, it is important to detect this pathology in time. To accurately determine the diagnosis, it is necessary to undergo a comprehensive examination, which includes several diagnostic procedures.

Why are the feet scratched around the ankles?

First of all, the doctor will prescribe capillaroscopy. This is a special study that allows you to see the state of the process of blood microcirculation in various parts of the body. Then most often Dopplerography is performed. This is a type of ultrasound that is performed to assess the condition of soft tissues and the degree of deformation.

Oscillography – detecting pulsation of blood vessels using a special device with a cuff, another study called thermography will allow you to evaluate the temperature index of the skin in different areas.

In difficult cases, the doctor may prescribe a diagnostic procedure – rheovasography. With its help, it will be possible to determine the level and degree of occlusion, as well as the speed and presence of blood flow.

This allows you to determine the condition of blood vessels and the blood circulation process.

In addition to diagnostic procedures, without fail, the doctor must conduct several tests. Among them:

  • Oppel’s symptom – blanching of the foot when raising the lower limb (the faster the reaction, the more advanced stage);
  • symptom of a pressed toe – duration of about 5-15 seconds, when you click on the big toe, it turns pale;
  • Goldflam test – in the supine position, the patient should bend and raise his legs, if there is a disease, the foot will quickly turn pale, and the patient will quickly feel pain and fatigue in the legs;
  • Panchenko’s knee symptom – with his legs crossed, the patient will feel soreness and numbness of the extremities, and a sensation of goosebumps will appear.

Which doctor should I contact when developing obliterating endarteritis of the vessels of the lower extremities? First of all, it is necessary to visit a family doctor who will refer the patient to a narrower specialist – the surgeon.

Unfortunately, it is impossible to completely get rid of this pathology. However, it is possible to significantly slow down the development of the disease, reduce unpleasant and painful symptoms, and improve the patient’s condition.

Therapy should be comprehensive. In this case, completely different drugs and physiotherapeutic procedures can be used.

Alternative methods can also be used as an adjunct, but only in conjunction with medical treatment and after discussion with a doctor. Be sure to abandon bad habits – smoking, alcohol, and even from constant overeating. Establish a regimen and start eating the right, healthy food.

Drug treatment is mandatory, since in the case of the development of this pathology, traditional medicine will not succeed. Typically, doctors prescribe these types of drugs for the treatment of obliterating endarteritis of the vessels of the lower extremities:

  • antispasmodic;
  • antihistamines – Cetrin, Suprastin, Loratadin, L-cet;
  • analgesics;
  • muscle relaxants, among which the most popular are Tifen, Redergam and Angiotrophin;
  • blood thinners – Trental or Aspirin;
  • hormones of the adrenal cortex – Prednisone;
  • B, E, C and PP vitamins.

Physiotherapy

With the help of physiotherapeutic procedures, it is possible to improve the blood circulation in the lower extremities.

The doctor may prescribe these types of physiotherapy procedures:

  • thermal – applications of paraffin and ozokerite, heating of various classifications, Bernard currents;
  • magnetotherapy – therapy using a high frequency magnetic field;
  • baromassage – the patient’s legs are placed in a special pressure chamber, while they are alternately exposed to low and high pressure;
  • dynamic currents;
  • electrophoresis;
  • hot baths using coniferous extract, sea salt and other herbal remedies.

In the absence of the effect of conservative therapy or at more serious stages of the disease, the doctor may decide on surgery.

A treatment called sympathectomy may be prescribed to treat lower limb endarteritis. This is a dissection of nerve tissues that cause vasospasm.

In second place among surgical methods of therapy is shunting. This is the artificial creation of additional circulatory pathways using shunts. Artificial arteries of this kind can bypass damaged areas of blood vessels.

In more severe cases, partial or complete removal of the artery and its prosthetics are required. When there are blood clots in the vessels and arteries, thrombintimectomy may be necessary. This is the surgical removal of blood clots that block the path to the arteries for circulation.

At the most advanced stages, an operation can be prescribed, during which the sites of dry gangrene are removed.

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How to recognize and treat endarteritis of the legs?

Endarteritis is a serious chronic ailment in which blood vessels of various calibers become inflamed, local blood flow is disturbed, and eventually the lumen of the arteries closes, the tissues of the affected organ die. Doctors call this ailment obliterating endarteritis, in which obliteration occurs, that is, the arterial walls are healed, as a result of which their throughput is impaired, and the body’s tissues suffer from a lack of oxygen.

Endarteritis is a systemic disease that most commonly affects the lower limbs. As a result of hypoxia, normal functioning is disrupted, necrosis of the tissues of the feet and lower leg develops. Timely diagnosis and prevention of obliterating endarteritis is the only way to stop the development of the disease.

Doctors still have not established the exact cause of the occurrence of endarteritis of the lower extremities. Some believe that the ailment occurs as a result of impaired functioning of the immune system.

The pathological production of immunoglobulins begins, which damage the walls of the arteries. This condition provokes inflammation of the arteries, proliferation of connective tissue, which presses on the vessel from the outside and gradually closes it.

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Why this pathological process occurs is still not known.

There are other assumptions of doctors about the occurrence of endarteritis of the lower extremities:

  • an allergic reaction to nicotinic acid;
  • atherosclerotic changes in the vessels of the legs;
  • clotting disorders of the blood;
  • infectious lesions;
  • prolonged neuro-emotional stress;
  • regular hypothermia of the legs or frostbite.

The risk group includes people with nicotine addiction, they have the highest chance of getting sick.

symptomatology

Endarteritis of the lower extremities is a serious ailment that has the following symptoms:

  • a person quickly gets tired with minimal physical activity;
  • legs become heavy;
  • feet are constantly getting colder;
  • obvious symptoms – swelling, tingling, numb lower limbs;
  • feet sweating excessively;
  • the skin becomes pale;
  • purulent wounds appear;
  • gangrene develops;
  • the nail plates become brittle, turn blue, deform;
  • the pulse rate in the legs decreases, but in the last phases it is not felt at all.

Symptoms characteristic of endarteritis are acute pain, spasm, lame gait with periodic stop. This occurs due to hypoxia of the leg tissues, ankle muscles cramp, severe pain appears.

And when a person stops, the muscles no longer need oxygen so much, the blood flow stabilizes, and the pain disappears for a while. But with minimal activity, everything repeats.

A little later, these signs appear even when the patient is resting.

Endarteritis most commonly affects the lower extremities

Endarteritis of the lower extremities occurs cyclically, that is, the symptoms of the disease, then worsen, then become dull. Most often, the disease is chronic and extremely rare in the acute form. In the first phases of the development of the disease, the structure of the vessels remains unchanged, only periodic spasms appear.

The disease progresses rapidly, blood supply to the damaged areas decreases, ulcers appear (mainly on the fingers), gangrene develops. Endarteritis of the lower extremities develops in several stages:

  1. The first degree of the disease is characterized by neuromuscular dystrophy. There is a slight narrowing of the blood vessels, including small ones. Blood circulation bypasses are formed, but the tissues are still provided with oxygen and nutrients. The first phase is asymptomatic (or they are minor), but the disease is already developing in full swing.
  2. The second degree – convulsions of large arteries occur. The bypass blood branches formed in the first phase can not withstand the load, as a result the first symptoms arise: fatigue with minimal physical exertion, the legs get cold, a little later the patient begins to limp. The second phase is the best moment to carry out immediate treatment.
  3. In the third degree of endarteritis of the lower extremities, connective tissue is rapidly growing. This process affects all layers of the walls of the arteries, which is why a painful syndrome worries a person, even when he is resting. The pulse rate in the legs decreases. This is already an advanced stage of the disease.
  4. The fourth degree doctors call ulcerative necrotic. It is characterized by complete obstruction of the blood vessels, they no longer contract, and therefore the pulse is imperceptible. My legs hurt constantly, it’s very difficult for a person to move, each movement causes severe pain. Muscular atrophy occurs. Symptoms: purulent wounds appear, tissue dies. To stop destructive changes is very difficult.
  5. The fifth stage is characterized by gangrene. If treatment is not done on time, then there is a risk of developing gangrene of the foot. There are two types of necrosis – dry and wet. Dry type gangrene – fingers and feet gradually dry out, turn black, change shape. The wet type of necrosis is more dangerous, it is characterized by swelling of the legs, the release of toxins into the blood stream, which threatens poisoning and infection of the whole body. The only way out in this case is an operation to remove the affected leg or part of it. If this is not done, then the blood becomes infected, there is an obstruction of blood vessels throughout the body, a person dies.

Diagnosing

It is important to identify the ailment in time in order to conduct competent treatment. Thus, the development of endarteritis can be stopped.

Basic diagnostic procedures:

  • Using capillaroscopy, the doctor examines the capillaries to assess local blood circulation.
  • Arterial oscillography allows you to examine arteries for their elasticity, the intensity of dynamic pressure with endarteritis of the lower extremities.
  • Angiography is a method of contrast x-ray examination of arteries and veins, which helps to assess the state of local blood flow, to identify the severity of the pathology.
  • RVG is an instrumental, non-invasive method for examining blood vessels of various calibers to assess blood circulation.
  • Using infrared thermography, you can detect temperature deviations in a particular part of the body in order to conduct timely treatment.
  • Echography of blood vessels allows you to evaluate blood circulation.

In addition, laboratory tests are performed to detect viruses, bacteria, and fungi.

Therapy

Endarteritis of the lower extremities is not completely treated, you can only slow down or stop its development. Patients need to monitor their diet, give up alcohol. Another prerequisite is the rejection of cigarettes.

The faster you are examined and conduct competent treatment, the higher your chances of stopping pathological changes and maintaining normal blood flow in the leg. After confirming the diagnosis, the doctor prescribes medications, physiotherapy has proven itself well. Some patients are treated with folk remedies, but this method is permissible only after the permission of the doctor. Operation is an extreme method.

Conservative treatment involves taking such drugs:

  • anticonvulsant drugs;
  • vitamin complexes, which include nicotinic acid, element B, ascorbic acid, tocopherol;
  • drugs that thin the blood;
  • antihistamines.

Physiotherapeutic treatment can improve blood flow in the extremities:

  • The main treatment procedures using thermal waters: baths, showers, dignity, steam room, pools.
  • Massage using a pressure chamber.
  • Electrotherapy is a complex effect on the body of low voltage current and drugs.
  • Diadynamic therapy is a sequential effect on the body of currents of different frequencies.
  • Magnetic field treatment.

If the above methods are ineffective, then an operation is assigned. If the affected area is not very extensive, then lower limb shunting is performed – this is a surgical procedure to create bypass blood flow paths.

In case of severe damage to the artery, it is removed and replaced with a special vascular prosthesis. In some cases, thrombintimectomy is prescribed – this is an operation to remove a blood clot that blocks the lumen of the artery.

And only as a last resort is an operation to remove a limb.

Endarteritis is a serious ailment, and therefore it is strictly forbidden to conduct independent treatment. Strictly follow the recommendations of the doctor and do not hesitate with the treatment!

Folk methods

Treatment with folk remedies will be effective only at stages 1, 2 of the disease. Endarteritis of the lower extremities requires an integrated approach.

Herbs, fees that help strengthen and regenerate the walls of arteries will help you with this. In addition, they have an anti-inflammatory, cleansing effect.

You can use the following folk remedies:

  • Mix chamomile flowers – 8 g, yarrow – 5 g, St. John’s wort – 4 g, birch buds – 5 g, stigmas of corn – 10 g, pour everything into a glass container, fill with boiled water – 0,5 l, tightly close the lid. Let the broth infuse for at least 2 hours. Consume 200 ml twice a day for half an hour before eating. The drink can be sweetened with honey. The effect is the purification of blood vessels, increasing their elasticity and strength.
  • Mix ordinary horsetail – 30 g, knotweed – 70 g, hawthorn – 110 g. Pour boiling water – 200 ml and leave for at least 2 hours. Strain, drink three times a day half an hour before meals. The effect is the cleansing of blood vessels.
  • Japanese acacia, willow mistletoe, dill, sand goldflower are excellent at cleansing the vessels.
  • You can clean the vessels with strong tea with the addition of milk. Use during the day every 3 hours.

You can use all these tools for no longer than a month, then you should take a break for 30 days.

You can make a healing orange-lemon mixture to clean the arteries. To do this, grind one citrus with a blender, add 7 g of honey, mix, transfer to a jar and close tightly. Consume 7 g of the mixture three times a day before meals.

Often, endarteritis is treated with blue iodine. To do this, dilute starch – 10 g in cold water – 60 ml, add sugar – 10 g, citric acid – a pinch.

General recommendations for the treatment of obliterating endarteritis

It is a progressive lesion of the peripheral arteries, which is characterized by their stenosis and obliteration and is accompanied by the development of severe limb ischemia.

Causes

At the moment, the causes of the development of obliterating endarteritis are not fully understood. The relationship of the development of the disease with infectious-toxic, allergic, hormonal, nervous, autoimmune agents, as well as the influence of disorders in the blood coagulation system is examined. Presumably, the etiology of obliterating endarteritis is multifactorial.

It is established that the triggers of a long spastic condition of peripheral vessels are smoking, chronic intoxication, cooling and frostbite of the extremities, a disorder of peripheral innervation due to chronic neuritis of the sciatic nerve, and limb injury. According to some reports, the occurrence of obliterating endarteritis can be caused by typhus, syphilis and epidermophytosis of the feet.

An important role in the development of obliterating endarteritis belongs to neuropsychic factors, disruption of the adrenal glands and gonads, which provokes vasospastic reactions. The autoimmune mechanism of obliterating endarteritis is indicated by the appearance of antibodies to vascular endothelium, an increase in the circulating immune complex and a decrease in the number of lymphocytes.

Symptoms

  • The clinical course of obliterating endarteritis includes 4 stages:
  • ischemic;
  • trophic disorders;
  • ulcerative necrotic;
  • gangrenous.

The ischemic stage is characterized by the appearance of a feeling of fatigue, coldness in the lower extremities, paresthesias, numbness of the fingers and cramps in the feet and calf muscles.

Sometimes at the initial stage of the pathology in patients, the phenomena of migrating thrombophlebitis occurring, with the formation of blood clots in the saphenous veins of the legs and feet.

In trophic disorders, an increase in all of the above phenomena is noted, pains in the limbs during walking, and intermittent claudication occurs. The pains are localized in the muscles of the leg, in the area of ​​the soles or toes.

The skin of the legs acquires a marble color or blueness, it becomes dry, a slowdown in the growth of nails and their deformation is detected, hair loss occurs on the legs.

Ripple in the arteries of the feet is practically not detected or absent on one leg.

The ulcerative-necrotic stage is characterized by the appearance of pain at rest, atrophy of the muscles of the legs, swelling of the skin, the formation of trophic ulcers on the feet and fingers. In most cases, the ulcerative process is aggravated by the development of lymphangitis or thrombophlebitis. Arterial pulsation is not detected on the feet.

Gangrenous stage is characterized by the development of dry or wet gangrene on the lower extremities. Most often, the onset of gangrene is preceded by an injury to a limb or an existing ulcer. In most cases, lesions of the feet and fingers are detected, less often gangrene – lower leg tissues. The toxemia syndrome resulting from gangrene becomes the reason for the need for amputation of the limb.

Diagnostics

Diagnosis of obliterating endarteritis occurs through a number of functional tests – Goldflam, Shamova, Samuelsa and a thermometric test. The characteristic symptoms of the pathology are also examined: Opel plantar ischemia symptom, finger pressure symptom, Panchenko’s knee phenomenon, which allow us to identify insufficiency of arterial blood supply to the limb.

To confirm the diagnosis, the patient will need the appointment of ultrasound dopplerography of the vessels of the lower extremities, rheovasography, thermography, capillaroscopy, oscillography, angiography of the lower extremities.

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Treatment

Conservative therapy is effective only in the early stages of obliterating endarteritis.

The treatment is aimed at relieving spasm of the vascular wall, stopping the inflammatory process, preventing thrombosis and improving microcirculation.

Surgical treatment is indicated for ulcerative necrotic stage of obliterating endarteritis, pain at rest, severe intermittent claudication

Prevention

Prevention of the development of obliterating endarteritis is based on the elimination of provoking factors, the exclusion of limb injuries and the regular conduct of courses of drug therapy for vascular pathologies.

Obliterating endarteritis of the vessels of the lower extremities is an incredibly dangerous disease, because in the last stages, in the absence of treatment for this pathology, a person may even lose legs.

This is one of the types of circulatory disorders, one of the most life-threatening.

It is worth telling in more detail about why this disease appears, how it develops and what methods of its treatment exist at the moment.

It is called inflammatory disease of the peripheral arteries. The result of obliterating endarteritis is their narrowing and impaired blood circulation, complete blockage of the lumen of blood vessels, tissue hypoxia and gangrene.

As a rule, the disease affects the feet and lower legs. Less and less oxygen enters the vessels through them, so the soft tissues are gradually damaged, cease to function and die.

Lower extremity obliterating endarteritis is included in Section I 70 “Atherosclerosis” of the International Classification of Diseases. The following pathologies fell into the same category:

  • arteriolosclerotic disease;
  • endarteritis with deformation;
  • atheroma.

Obliterating endarteritis of the vessels of the limbs manifests itself on the basis of the stage in different ways. Periodic exacerbations are suddenly replaced by remissions, which can be very long. Therefore, it is difficult for a person to suspect obliterating endarteritis of the lower extremities. For the disease, the following symptoms are characteristic:

  • sharp pain of the lower extremities both in motion and at rest;
  • fatigue from walking, a feeling of heaviness in the calves;
  • wounds that do not heal appear on the fingers of the lower extremities;
  • chilliness and numbness of the feet;
  • swelling of the lower extremities;
  • excessive sweating of the legs;
  • the pulse is palpated weakly, and then completely subsides;
  • toenails are deformed, become brittle;
  • the skin of the lower extremities is cool, pale, may have a bluish tint.

Causes

Doctors do not yet have a single opinion on why obliterating endarteritis of the lower extremities develops. The progression mechanism is completely clear.

Most experts are inclined to believe that obliterating endarteritis of the lower extremities appears as a result of autoimmune processes in which the body produces antibodies against the cells of its own vessels.

There are a number of factors under the influence of which the occurrence of the disease can occur:

  • smoking;
  • fatty food abuse;
  • a number of chronic infections;
  • prolonged stress;
  • lower limb injuries;
  • regular hypothermia of the legs;
  • wearing low-quality and uncomfortable shoes.

Stages of development

There are five steps of obliterating endarteritis of the lower extremities, each of which has its own characteristics:

  1. Initial. It is not yet possible to notice the symptoms of obliterating arthritis of the lower extremities. A gradual decrease in the lumen of blood vessels, the flow of blood is difficult.
  2. Ischemic. Cooling of the lower extremities begins, the surface of the skin turns pale. Weakness in the legs and pain, lameness.
  3. Trophic. Connective tissue begins to grow. The lumen of the vessels is narrowing intensely. At this stage, severe pain is felt in the legs all the time, and at rest, and when walking, the ripple is weak. Nails are deformed.
  4. Ulcerative necrotic. Irreversible changes in the tissues of the feet, blood no longer comes to them. Arteries close, fingers become covered with ulcers, tissue necrosis begins. A person can no longer move independently.
  5. The last one. Dry or wet gangrene appears, the changes affect not only the legs, but also other organs. Blood poisoning occurs, which can be fatal.

Diagnostics

It is important to understand that the sooner the disease is detected by a specialist, the better, because treatment of obliterating endarteritis of the lower extremities with their preservation is possible only in the initial stages. Types of diagnostic studies that a doctor conducts to identify a disease:

  1. Capillaroscopy A study to clarify the state of blood microcirculation in certain parts of the body.
  2. Dopplerography. Type of ultrasound examination. Performed to assess the state of tissues, the degree of deformation.
  3. Oscillography Identification of vascular pulsation by the action of a special cuff.
  4. Thermography The study of skin temperature in different parts of the body.
  5. Reovasography. Determination of the degree of occlusion and blood flow velocity.
  6. Angiography. A contrast agent is injected into the artery and highlighted with an x-ray. This is necessary to determine the state of blood vessels and blood flow.

The following functional tests are mandatory:

  1. Symptom Oppel. The patient pale foot when raising the legs. The faster this happens, the more neglected the pathology.
  2. Symptom of a pressed finger. Lasts 5-15 seconds. When you click on the big toe, it turns pale, and then returns to normal color for too long.
  3. Goldflam test. The patient bends his raised legs while lying on his back. If he has obliterating diseases of the vessels of the lower extremities, then his feet will turn pale and fatigue will come incredibly quickly.
  4. Panchenko’s knee symptom. If the patient sits with his legs crossed, he will feel pain, tissue numbness. Goosebumps will go on the skin.

It is not possible to completely get rid of obliterating endarteritis. You can slow down its development, relieve symptoms and improve the quality of life of the patient. Treatment of endarteritis is carried out comprehensively.

Different medications are used, physiotherapeutic procedures are prescribed. It is not forbidden to use folk remedies.

A prerequisite for the patient is to stop smoking, drinking alcohol, overeating.

Preparations

The first and obligatory stage is drug treatment. Types of drugs that are prescribed for obliterating endarteritis:

  • antispasmodic;
  • antihistamines;
  • analgesics;
  • muscle relaxants (Tifen, Redergam, Angiotrophin);
  • blood thinners (Trental, aspirin);
  • hormones of the adrenal cortex (prednisone);
  • Vitamins B, E, C, PP.

Physiotherapy

Treatment for obliterating endarteritis

A collection of chamomile, yarrow, St. John’s wort, birch buds and corn stigmas can help:

  • It is necessary to mix the herbs in equal parts and put in a glass jar with a tight lid. One art. l pour half a liter of boiling water into the mixture. Insist for about half an hour. Drink a glass in the morning and evening 30 minutes before meals. You can add a spoonful of honey to the drink. This mixture cleanses blood vessels and increases their elasticity. It is best to drink courses. One month to drink, one month – a break.

Another effective recipe:

  • 40 gr horsetail, 60 gr. poultry mountaineer, 100 gr. hawthorn. Half a tablespoon pour the mixture with one glass of boiling water, leave for 30 minutes. Drink three times a day for one tablespoon. in 30 minutes before eating. The course is one month.

Also, Japanese sophora, white mistletoe, dill seeds and immortelle help in cleansing blood vessels.

In addition, to cleanse the body and blood vessels, it is recommended to drink strong tea with milk for several days in a row. In a circle every few hours.

Potato broth, as well as a mixture of oranges and lemons can help cleanse the vessels:

  • Grind the orange and lemon in a blender, add one teaspoon of honey. Stir and put in a jar. Eat three teaspoons of the mixture per day half an hour before meals.

It has considerable effectiveness and the use of blue iodine:

    Dilute one teaspoon of starch in 50 ml. water, add a teaspoon of sugar and a small pinch of citric ac >

Use this mixture with great care, as it can cause an allergic reaction. In this case, you must immediately stop using.

The composition of

You will need 16 types of herbs and 5 types of cereals.

Groats: buckwheat, millet, barley, oats, wheat

Herbs: valerian, elecampane, calamus, burdock (roots); adonis (grass with flowers); hawthorn (flowers), mountain ash (fruits – 5 – 6 species); succession, celandine (leaves); yarrow, jaundice, St. John’s wort, lemon balm, large plantain, immortelle sand, chaga.

Cereals: buckwheat, oats, wheat, barley, millet.

  1. Take the components in equal amounts (except for chaga and celandine) – 100 grams each. Chaga – twice as much – 200 grams, celandine half as much – 50 grams. Herbs must be well dried. Grind the ingredients in a coffee grinder (or in a hand mill), mix well. Then fill the glass container (jars or bottles with a wide neck) with this mixture to 1/3 of the volume, and fill the remaining 2/3 of the volume with unrefined vegetable oil.
  2. Put for 2 months to insist in a dark place (at ordinary temperature), the contents need to be mixed daily. After the expiration of the infusion, pour everything into an enameled container and heat to 60 degrees. Then again pour into glass containers and still insist 30 days in a dark place (shake daily). After 3 months, the medicine is ready.

Endarteritis – symptoms of the development of the disease

– periodic feeling of cold feet

– the feeling of “crawling creeps”

– increased sweating of the lower extremities

– pallor and dry skin of the legs

– fragility and blueness of the toenails

– fatigue when walking

– cramps and pain when walking, and later alone

– reduction of pulsation on the arteries of the rear foot

– the appearance of edema of the lower extremities

– formation of ulcers on the legs

Endarteritis of the vessels of the legs is characterized by a gradual and cyclical development.

This stage is characterized by a slight narrowing of the lumen of the arteries and relatively normal blood flow in the legs. Symptoms of pathology are absent. The patient does not notice any discomfort. At this stage, it is very difficult to detect the presence of pathology.

The narrowing of the lumen of the vessels becomes stronger, the blood supply is significantly impaired. Intermittent claudication develops, rapid tiredness of the legs, a feeling of their cooling. The pulse of the arteries is palpated. As a rule, pathology is diagnosed precisely at the ischemic stage. For successful treatment, therapeutic measures should be carried out right now.

Symptoms of the pathology are aggravated due to a significant narrowing of the lumen and prolonged circulatory disorders. Tissues do not receive the necessary nutrition. The following symptoms are characteristic of this stage: brittleness and blueness of the nails, acquisition of a bluish tint by the skin, hair loss on the legs. The pulse is weak.

At this stage, the lumen of the vessels is almost closed. No pulse. The pain symptom in the legs is permanent. The patient is completely or almost completely limited in movement. Muscular atrophy develops. Ulcers form on the legs, tissues die. This stage is most difficult to treat.

If pathological processes are not treated in a timely manner, massive tissue death – gangrene – develops. Gangrene can be dry, in which the foot dries, turns black, deforms and dies, and wet, which is characterized by swelling of the legs, the release of toxins into the bloodstream that poison and infect the body. With the development of wet gangrene, an emergency leg amputation is performed to prevent blood poisoning and death.

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Svetlana Borszavich

General practitioner, cardiologist, with active work in therapy, gastroenterology, cardiology, rheumatology, immunology with allergology.
Fluent in general clinical methods for the diagnosis and treatment of heart disease, as well as electrocardiography, echocardiography, monitoring of cholera on an ECG and daily monitoring of blood pressure.
The treatment complex developed by the author significantly helps with cerebrovascular injuries and metabolic disorders in the brain and vascular diseases: hypertension and complications caused by diabetes.
The author is a member of the European Society of Therapists, a regular participant in scientific conferences and congresses in the field of cardiology and general medicine. She has repeatedly participated in a research program at a private university in Japan in the field of reconstructive medicine.

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