Damage to the blood circulation in the lower extremities is caused by damage to the veins and arteries (atherosclerosis), endarteritis, varicose dilated veins, narrowing of the vessel lumen with cholesterol plaques, inflammation of the vessel walls or its spasm. If suddenly on the foot appeared blue “stars” or grids of thin vessels, these are signs of varicose veins, which can manifest themselves as pain and heaviness in the legs, night cramps, swelling, knots and bloating on the affected vessels.
The skin on the legs may redden and thin. Impaired blood circulation in the lower extremities is manifested by arching calf pain, heavy legs, intermittent claudication. More serious symptoms are thrombosis, trophic ulcers, indicating the development of thrombophlebitis.
The first symptoms of venous circulation disorders are mistaken for signs of fatigue. These include numbness and tingling of the feet, heaviness and fatigue. Signs of poor circulation in the extremities gradually increase:
- the skin feels cooler to the touch than the surrounding areas, vascular spots first appear on it, and then veins begin to look through;
- itching and irritation appear;
- cramps occur;
- the work of the hair follicles is disrupted – the hair falls out.
Not everyone knows that poor blood circulation in the legs affects the general condition of the body. Stains appear on the skin not only in the problem area, but also on the hands, even on the face. Couperosis occurs, a person complains of constant fatigue, unwillingness to move. Even light loads exacerbate weakness, drowsiness occurs, nails often break and hair is split.
If the restoration of blood circulation in the legs does not begin with the first symptoms of a worsening condition, varicose disease develops first, and then thrombophlebitis. The risk of pulmonary embolism, strokes or heart attacks due to possible thrombosis is increased.
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Symptoms of poor circulation in the legs
The state of the lower extremities is influenced by lifestyle. Addiction to bad habits negatively affects – smoking, alcohol and drug addiction, as well as professional activity associated with low physical activity or the need to walk or stand all day. But there are other factors that provoke circulatory disorders in the legs:
- overweight caused by metabolic disturbances or malnutrition;
- hereditary factors;
- unfavorable emotional environment;
- bad ecology;
- age changes;
- regular intake of certain medications, such as hormones;
- diseases of various nature, which caused complications in the cardiovascular system.
Blood supply to the legs is disturbed in diabetes. Venous outflow worsens due to a decrease in vascular tone.
The causes that cause the first disorder of microcirculation in small capillaries, and then the blood circulation in large vessels, are divided into 3 groups:
- Inflammation of the walls of arteries and venules, causing spasm.
- Blockage of vessels with atherosclerosis.
- Peripheral angiopathy as a complication of diabetes.
Common symptoms of poor blood circulation in the legs can be the following: numbness or periodic tingling, constantly cold legs, fatigue, swelling, discoloration of the skin, muscle cramps, pain in the legs and feet.
If such alarm signs are repeated day after day, you should definitely consult a doctor and find out the cause.
Here we tell in detail how to treat lower limb lymphostasis.
Blood circulation may deteriorate as people get older, but today, age is far from the main cause of this problem.
Due to the sedentary lifestyle of most modern citizens, the legs can suffer from poor blood supply even to very young people.
In addition to this, there are many other factors that can cause and exacerbate the problem:
- alcohol consumption,
- caffeine abuse
- the use of special drugs – beta blockers.
Other diseases can also negatively affect blood supply. These are diabetes, high cholesterol, sclerosis of the veins in the legs and arteries, thyroid disease, obesity, high blood pressure, nervous disorders, anemia.
But do not despair. There is always the opportunity to improve blood circulation throughout the body, changing lifestyle, revising food in favor of more “healthy” products, using some home remedies and medicines prescribed by your doctor.
And massage and simple physical exercises will help to quickly improve the situation.
Causes of pathology
The main reason leading to impaired circulation of blood in the lower extremities, is a sedentary lifestyle. By the nature of their activities, most people are often in a sitting position, which leads to stagnation of blood in the veins. There is pain in the legs, they start to get tired quickly and become cold.
Many people, especially the elderly, constantly experience a slight chilliness, but after a short walk it becomes hot. This is explained by the fact that even such a small exercise increases blood circulation, eliminating the cold feet syndrome.
How to improve blood circulation in the legs? In this case, no special treatment is required, just enough to change your lifestyle a little. If you start to move more, the disease is able to pass on their own, and simple morning exercises will help improve the overall condition of the body.
Other causes can also lead to impaired blood circulation in the lower extremities, and not so harmless. Such a pathological condition may be a sign of a malfunctioning of any organ. That is why it is not easy to understand what specifically contributed to the development of the disease and what kind of treatment is required.
The following are the most common causes of circulatory disorders in the legs:
- alcohol and smoking;
- age changes;
- high content of cholesterol in the blood;
- ischemia, atherosclerosis;
- varicose veins, thrombosis and stenosis of arteries.
Ways to combat blood circulation disorders
If you do not take any measures to combat circulatory disorders, then the result of this after a certain period of time will be disfigured with blue nodules and legs twisted with swollen veins. It is also likely to damage the deep internal veins. Unfortunately, pathological changes affecting peripheral vessels are chronic and do not go away without treatment.
Doctors involved in the treatment of blood vessels, have at their disposal various means of improving blood circulation in the legs. With the help of medications and physiotherapeutic procedures, the pathological condition of the veins and arteries of the lower extremities is reduced or eliminated. If these methods prove ineffective, then they resort to such a radical method as an operation with removal, cauterization or sclerosis of the affected part of the vessel. But such surgery is quite painful, and as a result, the cause of vein deformity is not completely eliminated.
To make a diagnosis: visual examination, ultrasound (doprography) of the lower limbs, capillaroscopy and angiography – a contrast study of blood ducts, large and small, determining the temperature of the affected area – thermometry. The patient is often referred for MRI using contrast.
It is recommended to abandon bad habits – smoking (or reduce the number of cigarettes smoked per day), alcohol, to recover from drug addiction. The following methods help improve blood circulation in the legs: restoring the balance between work and rest, physical therapy, treatment with pharmaceutical and folk remedies.
At the initial stages of the disease, ointments and gels, topical medications, are used to improve blood circulation in the limbs. They do not restore bad blood flow, but help to cope with unpleasant sensations – heaviness and “goose bumps” in the feet and calves. Ointments are divided into blood thinners, which relieve vascular inflammation and phlebotonics – improve blood circulation by increasing the tone of vein check valves.
The most popular and affordable drugs from each group:
- Heparin. Reduces blood coagulation, eliminates swelling and pain.
- Indomethacin. The main properties are anti-inflammatory and analgesic, additional, as in the means of the 1st group.
- Troxevasin – thrombolytic effect, strengthening of blood vessels.
The cheapest way to improve the blood circulation of the limbs, which is preferred by older people, is Vishnevsky ointment. Liniment helps restore blood circulation, stop inflammatory processes, and stops thrombus formation. Minus means – an unpleasant smell.
Antispasmodics do not belong to drugs that improve blood circulation in the lower extremities, but they restore the contractility of muscles and restore blood supply, stopping pain. Nitric oxide, the active component of Nitroglycerin and Isosorbide Dinitrate, instantly eliminates spasm. Injections with magnesium sulfate quickly relax. But you can use other antispasmodics on the recommendation of a doctor.
Vascular preparations for improving blood circulation in the legs include funds of the PNS group. But they do not act selectively, not only on problem areas, but affect all the vessels of the body. Most commonly used:
- Alpha-adrenergic blockers – Nicergoline, dilates the arteries and increases the tone of the veins, and Phentolamine, relaxes muscles, dilates blood vessels, has anti-inflammatory effects.
- Calcium antagonists that normalize the internal pressure in blood vessels and reduce the risk of thrombosis – Amlodipine, Nifedipine.
- Vasodilators, vasodilators, for example, Proxodol. This group also includes calcium antagonists.
- PAC inhibitors – enalapril, ramipril.
To increase the speed of blood flow, prescribe drugs to restore peripheral circulation:
- Halidor – an antispasmodic of myotropic action;
- Vintoceptin – additional antioxidant properties;
- Wafarin is a blood thinner.
The range of medicines for varicose veins is wide, so you should not treat the disease yourself – you need to trust the choice to the doctor. Not all pills, ointments and injections are combined with each other.
Before using pharmaceuticals, even if prescribed by a doctor, you need to read the instructions. Side effects can occur both on the means for oral administration, and in the treatment of ointments and gels.
The complex of physiotherapy exercises (LFK), which helps to strengthen the weak blood flow of the lower extremities with varicose veins, is agreed with a specialist methodologist. In the initial stage of the disease, you can independently choose ways to improve blood circulation in the legs. Classes can be supplemented with exercises:
- Lying with bent legs, breathe deeply, drawing in the stomach.
- Slowly roll from heel to toe and then rise.
- Raise legs in a prone position, holding a pillow between them.
- Lying on your back, attract the feet with sliding movements to yourself, bending your knees. At this time, raise the pelvis.
One of the complexes of exercise therapy, which is performed at the initial stage of varicose veins:
- starting position – lying on your back;
- legs are raised in turn, then bent, pressed to the chest, lowered;
- raise the lower limbs and rotate the feet;
- unbend and bend toes.
Turn over onto your back and raise your straight legs as high as possible. They stand on their feet, roll from heel to toe. Finish walking with high hips. Repetitions of exercises – 8-14 times, it is desirable to perform the complex in the morning and evening.
Emergency operations to restore blood flow to the legs are required only for acute thrombophlebitis – inflammation of the lumen of the great saphenous vein, which increases the risk of thrombosis. Scheduled operations are performed to eliminate trophic disorders in the vessels of the lower extremities, remove deformed vessels and prevent relapse of varicose veins. In acute conditions, surgery is performed in an open way.
The rest use methods: laser ablation, endoscopic dissection of the veins and the most common method is phlebectomy. The choice of method of surgical intervention is at the discretion of the doctor. The terms of rehabilitation are determined by the type of operation, stage of the disease, age and condition of the patient.
Home methods help slow down the development of the disease and keep it for a long time in a state of remission. The following recipes are used to improve blood flow in the legs with folk remedies:
- Ginger tea to stimulate blood flow. Brew 0,5 tsp. grated root with a glass of water, insist 15 minutes, sweeten with honey. Drink a glass a day.
- Ginseng. Alcohol tincture is taken 20 drops 3 times a day, dissolving in 100 ml of water. Strengthens capillaries.
- Horse chestnut foot bath. 150 g of dried flowers are steamed in a water bath, pour 5 l of boiling water, insist. The duration of the procedure is 15-20 minutes, preferably 40-60 minutes before bedtime.
- Cold and hot shower. The limbs are rinsed in turn with hot and icy water. It is recommended to carry out the procedure before increased loads.
- Foot baths with needles. Needles of pine or spruce, 5 glasses, pour water and bring to a boil. Remove from heat, allow to stand for 15 minutes. Then a concentrated broth of 5 l of water is diluted.
- Garlic compress. The head is crushed without husks, mixed with butter – 1: 2, applied in the form of a compress overnight.
There are many ways of home treatment: grinding with walnut oil, horse chestnut ointment, nettle tea, calendula baths and others.
Folk remedies may not be combined with pharmaceuticals. If the therapeutic course is supplemented, the attending physician should be informed.
General recommendations for improving blood circulation
When it comes to any health promotion recommendations, moderate physical activity is recommended almost invariably.
Indeed, regular exercise is known as the best way to quickly restore good blood supply to the legs.
An excellent tool for this will be even ordinary walking. Such a burden is on the shoulder for almost everyone, and good music, the company of a friend or favorite dog will turn it into a real vacation. When we walk, the muscles in the lower legs work like a pump, pushing blood up to the heart.
If you do not move for a long period of time, but sit with your legs down, this can lead to stagnation of blood, swelling, a feeling of stiffness and discomfort
Drugs that improve blood circulation in the legs should be prescribed only by a doctor. After questioning and external examination of the patient, he is sent for examination. Based on the results obtained, the doctor prescribes the necessary drugs to normalize blood circulation in the lower extremities. So how to improve blood circulation in the legs? To do this, use the following tools:
- Angioprotectors. They are needed to improve microcirculation, as well as normalize vascular permeability, due to which normal metabolic activity returns to the walls. These include “Curantil”, “Persanthin”, “Trental”, “Flexital”, “Doxy-Hem”, “Pentoxifylline”, “Radomin”, “Vazonit”.
- Medications of low molecular weight dextran. Thanks to these drugs, additional blood volume is supplied from the intercellular space into the bloodstream. As a result, blood flow significantly improves. This category includes the following medications: “Reomakrodeks” and “Reopoliglyukin.”
- Drugs containing prostaglandin Е1 (“Vazaprostan”). Thanks to them, blood flow is improved and microcirculation is normalized. These drugs also contribute to the expansion of blood flow and normalization of blood pressure.
- Calcium channel blockers that even affect the brain vessels. These include: “Kordafen”, “Kordaflex”, “Adalat”, “Stamlo”, “Norvaks”, “Plendil”, “Foridon”, “Lacipil”.
- Myotropic antispasmodics. With the help of such medicines, the vessels dilate and the blood begins to circulate freely. In addition, they are well relieve cramps. These medications are “Mydocalm”, “Kavinton”, “Eufillin”, “Halidor”.
If treatment is not started in time, non-stenotic atherosclerosis of the legs can easily go into the more severe stenosing phase of the disease, characterized by swelling and tissue atrophy, venous obstruction, and, as a result, gangrene.
Even when the lumen of the vessel is completely covered by cholesterol deposits, blood still circulates through the collateral branches, so the symptomatic picture may not be clear.
The treatment regimen largely depends on the severity of the vascular lesion, on the duration of the disease and the stage at which it is at the time of treatment, as well as on the presence of concomitant pathologies. What medications are used to treat the lower extremities in case of violation of normal blood circulation in them?
- Antiplatelet agents for the prevention of vascular blockage and their treatment, such as Aspirin, Reopoliglyukin.
- Vascular drugs of an expanding action, for example, Vasonite, Vazaprostan, Trenal and others.
- Medications that increase physical endurance – Pentoxifylline and Cilostazol, which improve blood circulation and facilitate walking for the patient.
- Drugs that reduce the content of “bad” cholesterol in the blood.
- Blood thinning anticoagulants such as Warfarin, Heparin.
- Antispasmodics, for example, Drotaverinum. Neutralize spasm of blood vessels, reduce pain.
- Drugs that enhance blood circulation in the tissues, this can be Zincteral and others.
- To diabetics, fibrates are prescribed to reduce the amount of triglycerides, such drugs as Bezafibrat, Clofibrate.
- To regulate cholesterol, statins are prescribed: Lovastatin, etc.
- An ointment made on the basis of antibacterial agents (Levomekol, Dimexidum) treats trophic ulcers on the legs.
- Vitamin complexes.
- A nicotinic acid.
- Physical procedures, for example, electrophoresis and others as directed by a doctor.
American scientists have proposed introducing the prevention of atherosclerosis with aspirin and β-blockers to all people who have reached the 45-year mark. Such measures, according to foreign doctors, are necessary even if there are no obvious signs of atherosclerosis.
With herbal remedies, the disease can be cured only at the very beginning of its development. In all other cases, the intake of natural preparations should be carried out in combination with the main drug treatment as adjuvants. The use of any medicinal substances from the arsenal of traditional medicine should be consistent with the attending physician and not contradict the main treatment.
A few folk recipes:
- To restore blood supply to the legs, you can apply the following treatment option. It is necessary to collect pine needles, preferably from the twigs of the first year, but this is possible. Grind the raw materials, pour into a 3 liter pot, and fill more than half of the container. Pour boiling water over everything. After 2 hours, pour the water into a separate bowl, and pour the needles again in boiling water and cook for five minutes. Filter the broth and combine with the previously prepared infusion. Take 1/4 cup of the treatment solution, adding honey to it, twenty minutes before eating. You need to drink this remedy for a long time, not one month. The first results will appear in three weeks.
- Ordinary cucumbers from the home garden will help get rid of blood clots in the peripheral vessels of the legs. When the ripening of the vegetable begins, it is necessary to collect and grate it or grind it in another way, for example, on a blender. Then squeeze the juice. Do this every day, drinking 3-4 glasses on an empty stomach. The treatment continues throughout the cucumber season, until its end.
- Another plant from our garden has an antiplatelet effect. Dry carrot tops, so that is enough for the whole year. In season, fresh herbs can be used to prepare the broth. Boil a handful of tops in a liter pan for no more than five minutes. Then you need to wrap everything up and insist for about an hour, then filter and drink 150 ml of the decoction, which should be done half an hour before meals.
- It’s very useful on an empty stomach to drink a mixture of juices with the addition of honey in them: apple-carrot, beetroot, carrot-celery and carrot-garlic. They drink juices three quarters of a glass three times a day.
- Vascular pathologies of the legs respond well to various beekeeping products: propolis, royal jelly, honey, which are combined with bee stings, as well as appropriate herbal remedies.
To restore the normal functioning of the legs, doctors recommended massage and rubbing. Such procedures are carried out using a special ointment that deeply penetrates the skin of the limbs and helps relieve inflammation, swelling and pain, and improve poor blood circulation in the vessels of the legs.
Massage should begin with the foot, gradually moving to the lower leg and thigh. At first, the movements are calm, then they become more intense, stroking gradually replaced by kneading. During the day, it is necessary to massage the diseased limbs about five times. The duration of one session is about ten minutes. Such a simple system of massage and rubbing can achieve significant success in the treatment of the disease.
Atherosclerosis can be treated with oriental medicine, such as acupuncture. This method allows you to quite successfully activate blood circulation in the corresponding organs. In this case, the body is not exposed to various chemicals, as with medical treatment.
Physical therapy also helps to increase impaired blood flow in the legs. The load at the beginning of classes, as a rule, should be moderate, the pace of exercises – comfortable for the patient. The basis of the medical complex is the implementation of exercises in which the legs are involved, the swing of which must be performed with a large amplitude.
Japanese healers suggest performing the following exercise. You must select a suitable place where you can lie on your back, while the surface should not be soft. Place something under the neck. Then raise your arms and legs. Feet should be at the top and parallel to the floor. Three minutes must be shaken with all limbs. The therapeutic effect on capillaries is due to vibration.
Alternating walking on toes and heels is very useful for the vessels of the legs. This exercise stimulates the blood to move more intensively.
Performing squats can strengthen the muscle tissue of the entire leg. At the same time, it is necessary to ensure that the foot is “glued” to the floor.
One of the means to combat the disease is proper nutrition. For a diabetic, this is doubly important. Given the GI products, a diabetic patient should monitor blood glycemic levels so as not to provoke new complications.
The diet is made in such a way that there is a gradual decrease in the diet of the patient of animal fats, simple carbohydrates, salt, and excitatory substances.
A very useful product for this disease is cabbage. It removes excess cholesterol, saturates the body with a large amount of vitamin C.
Using the complex all the methods and means to improve blood circulation, you can quickly achieve results and achieve good health, and with it a better and more full of positive moments life.
In addition to pharmacy products to improve blood supply, which should be prescribed by a doctor, there is a natural alternative.
Traditional medicine offers the following tools to solve this problem:
- Processing feet with lemon juice. Wearing socks and shoes is not recommended until the liquid is completely absorbed.
- Baths with calamus, chamomile, oregano, nettle, string and thyme.
- Horse chestnut ointment. For cooking, you need to grind 5 pieces of fruit, pour vegetable oil (0,5 l.), Boil in a water bath for an hour, cool and strain.
The chestnut fruit contains the substance escin, which helps reduce edema and improve blood vessels.
Doctors warn that using folk remedies to improve blood circulation makes sense only as part of a comprehensive treatment
In principle, an integrated approach is the only guarantee of the effectiveness of the fight against poor blood supply. However, the implementation of several simple recommendations in the field of nutrition and lifestyle will eliminate the danger of serious complications and help improve overall health.
How to improve blood circulation in the legs? Folk remedies can help solve this problem only if the disease has a mild degree. In more serious cases, you need the help of a doctor.
The greatest effect bring alcoholic tinctures of flowers of lilac or chestnut. To do this, the flowers are placed in a half-liter jar, almost to the top filling it, and pour vodka or alcohol, diluted by half. The jar is closed with a plastic lid and placed in a dark place for two weeks. During this time, the liquid acquires a dark brown color. It should be filtered, then rubbed her inner thighs and below.
For these purposes also use chestnut fruit, which is pre-flatten. Preparation and use of tincture is carried out in the same way.
How to improve blood circulation in the legs of the elderly? All of the above methods are effective for people of all ages.
How to improve blood circulation in the legs? For these purposes, use other drugs.
Bioflavonoids increase the elasticity of red blood cells, which improves blood flow. Ganglion blockers dilate venules, arterioles, and small veins and evenly distribute blood volume in the lower extremities. Such drugs include Dimekolin, Camphonium, Pakhikarpin, Temekhin, Pirilen.
Also this problem is solved by such drugs as alpha-blockers. They have a complex effect on the entire body, expanding blood vessels not only in the lower extremities, but also in the internal organs.
Thus, there are many ways to help improve blood circulation in the lower limbs. The treatment will be successful if the person has will, perseverance and desire. To avoid such a pathological condition, you should use preventive measures.
The question of what to do with poor blood circulation in the legs is asked not only to phlebologists. They consult with friends, turn to the Internet. The main appointment should be made by the doctor, taking into account the causes of the disease and the clinical picture. Complementing the course of treatment with folk remedies, you can speed up the restoration of blood circulation in the lower extremities and prevent changes in the rhythm of life. Just do not forget – all additions must be agreed with your doctor.
To prevent a violation of the venous outflow of the lower extremities, you should adhere to a healthy lifestyle. Refuse bad habits, adhere to a rational diet, do not overeat, but do not starve, do not forget about physical activity. It is necessary to treat acute infectious and chronic diseases on time, preventing the development of complications. To strengthen the immune system and the vascular system, use folk remedies and vitamin complexes in the epidemic season.
How to proceed, having discovered the first symptoms of a blood supply disturbance, everyone decides for himself. But still it is better to turn to the help of official medicine. The sooner the disease is treated, the faster it recedes.
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