Therapeutic measures to correct hypotension should begin with:
- normalization of the regime of the day – full sleep at night, eliminating stress and overload
- It is also important to eat well, get enough vitamins
- avoid dehydration and intestinal infections.
Reasonable physical activity causes the muscles to eject extra volumes of blood into the bloodstream, the heart, adrenal glands work more intensively and normalize blood flow in the vascular center responsible for the level of blood pressure (see also how to increase pressure at home).
Given the characteristics of the formation of this disease, hypotension does not need treatment. Rather, classical drug therapy will not produce results. It is necessary to eliminate the root cause that caused the decrease in pressure. If the cause was a disease of an organ, then to stabilize the pressure, it is necessary to conduct a course of treatment.
In folk medicine, there are herbs that normalize blood pressure and increase the body tone: echinacea, ginseng, eleutherococcus and others. Along with the intake of plant stimulants, it is worth paying attention to nutrition, which should be balanced, varied and environmentally friendly.
Low blood pressure (you already know the symptoms) can be quickly raised by drinking a cup of natural coffee or green tea. Both drinks contain caffeine and provide normalization of pressure.
Infusions of soothing herbs, in particular St. John’s wort or valerian, will help relieve nervous tension, which also becomes a frequent causal drop in blood pressure.
The treatment of hypotension is an interesting question. In most cases, they do not treat her, but diseases that provoked low blood pressure. And in such cases, the tactics of therapy directly depends on what it is aimed at.
Another thing is when we consider primary chronic hypertension, or the state of acute hypertension, in which a person needs to quickly raise blood pressure to a normal level. In such cases, the treatment regimen is aimed specifically at normalizing blood pressure. Therapy is under construction in such conditions in two directions:
- drug treatment
- lifestyle correction to eliminate the prerequisites for the development of hypotension.
To combat hypotension, three groups of drugs are used:
- alpha adrenomimetics
|Group of drugs||Commercial Names and Price||Description||Nature of action|
|Adaptogens||Pantocrine (from 137 rubles), Saparal, ginseng, radiola pink, lemongrass.||Preparations of natural or artificial genesis, which increase the ability of life support systems to resist external influences. The most mild groups of anti-hypotension drugs are considered.||Medicines of this group have a vasoconstrictor effect and tone up the vascular center. In addition, adaptogens have a positive effect on the general condition of a person, leveling fatigue and apathy.|
|Alpha adrenomimetics||Gutron (from 1100 rubles), Mesaton (from 82 rubles).||The drugs of this group are used, in most cases, with acute hypotension, when a quick and effective increase in blood pressure is necessary.||They have an effect on alpha adrenergic receptors, maintain a constant volume of blood circulating in the body, and have a vasoconstrictor effect.|
|Analeptics||Cordiaminum (from 77 rub.), Etimizol.||Drugs with a strong effect on the medulla oblongata, responsible for respiratory and vasomotor functions.||Analeptics stimulate the work of the respiratory and circulatory systems, as well as a number of parts of the central nervous system.|
The choice of a specific drug from this list is the prerogative of doctors. Much depends on the nature of hypotension, the individual characteristics of the patient, and a number of related factors. In any case, the effect of the use of medicines of any of these groups, if used correctly, is sufficient to normalize blood pressure.
Many doctors unanimously say that the key to the fight against hypotension is a healthy lifestyle. First of all, it concerns the emotional state. More positive emotions, enjoyment of life, a sense of usefulness of oneself and one’s activity are in many cases a fundamental factor in normalizing blood pressure.
In addition, for people prone to hypotension, it is important to have a balanced diet saturated with all the necessary components, a good rest after physical exertion and physiological procedures aimed at strengthening the walls of blood vessels. These include massages, swimming, hardening of the body with a contrast shower.
We must not forget about an active lifestyle. Regular physical activity stimulates a more intense work of the heart, which begins to throw large volumes of blood into the circulatory system. Thanks to this, the blood flow normalizes and the natural level of blood pressure is restored.
The complex of these behavioral factors is useful not only for those suffering from hypotension. Adhering to these simple rules, any person will always keep their body in good shape and forget about many health problems.
Periodic pressure reduction to 100/60 mm. Hg. Art. in most cases, a reason to start therapy. Only a qualified specialist should determine how to normalize low blood pressure and choose the appropriate treatment plan. Even if a single hypotension seems uncomplicated, it may require a special understanding of what to do if pressure drops sharply.
The following drugs are used to treat hypotensive conditions:
- herbal medicines based on eleutherococcus, ginseng, etc. (plant adaptogens). Available in the form of tinctures, tablets and capsules. Tinctures are intended for both systemic and “emergency” use. Plant adaptogens do not affect heart rate and in many cases are the drug of choice for patients with low blood pressure and high heart rate;
- sodium caffeine benzoate. Available in the form of tablets and injectable solutions. Its use is not recommended at low pressure and high pulse, because the drug has a cardiotonic effect and increases heart rate;
- cordiamine. Available in the form of drops and solutions for injection. It is used only in a hospital setting for an emergency increase in blood pressure.
Sometimes acute bouts of hypotension result in fainting. If you have such a disease in yourself or a loved one, you need to know what to do with low pressure, turning into a swoon. To help people affected by fainting can be almost anywhere. To do this, perform a series of the following actions:
- Lay the patient down, with the legs raised. If a swoon occurs in a vehicle, put the victim in such a way that his head bends to his knees as much as possible.
- Free the victim from everything that can squeeze the body – tie, belt, etc.
- If possible, slightly spray cold water on the face, then pat the patient on the cheeks, make him breathe deeply.
- Give the victim a sniff of cotton wool with ammonia.
Detonic – a unique medicine that helps fight hypertension at all stages of its development.
The complex effect of plant components of the drug Detonic on the walls of blood vessels and the autonomic nervous system contribute to a rapid decrease in blood pressure. In addition, this drug prevents the development of atherosclerosis, thanks to the unique components that are involved in the synthesis of lecithin, an amino acid that regulates cholesterol metabolism and prevents the formation of atherosclerotic plaques.
Detonic not addictive and withdrawal syndrome, since all components of the product are natural.
Detailed information about Detonic is located on the manufacturer’s page.
Causes of low blood pressure in women
Women most often bring themselves to hypotension themselves.
- Passion for mono-diets, fasting, vegetarianism are nutritional causes of low blood pressure.
- For menstruating women, the root cause may be commonplace anemia against the background of refusal to eat meat in combination with neglect of the primary prevention of anemia with iron preparations during menstruation.
- Anemization can occur in the presence of uterine fibroids, hemorrhoids.
Pregnant women may suffer from pressure drops amid a sharp jump in progesterone in the first trimester. In the late stages of polyhydramnios, pregnancy with twins, lower vena cava syndrome and the same iron deficiency anemia. Most often, due to the growing abdomen, the venous return to the heart worsens, which helps to reduce cardiac output and gives a drop in blood pressure.
In any case, if low blood pressure first developed during pregnancy, what to do should be decided by an obstetrician-gynecologist together with a therapist and an endocrinologist.
Symptoms of hypotension
Low blood pressure is easily diagnosed with a blood pressure monitor – a fairly easy-to-use device that almost everyone who has certain problems with blood pressure has at home. But the measurement itself will show only a one-time decrease in blood pressure, which may well be situational and not be hypotension.
First of all, hypotension is indicated by general weakness. It is expressed in constantly feeling unwell for no apparent reason, distraction, lethargy, unstable emotional state and general apathy. Hypotension is characterized by poor sleep, a constant feeling of lack of sleep, and difficulty waking up in the morning.
In addition, hypotension is often manifested by vomiting, the occurrence of shortness of breath and arrhythmia, even with minor physical exertion, excessive sweating and dizziness. Quite often, people experience slight dizziness when getting up from a chair or out of bed – this is a clear sign of low blood pressure.
Such symptoms are a definite reason to consult a doctor. This will allow you to timely find the cause of this condition, correctly build the tactics of its elimination and effectively get rid of hypotension. The main thing to remember is that self-medication of hypotension will give a result only in the form of simultaneous normalization of blood pressure. But without eliminating the reasons that led to this problem, it will not be possible to completely get rid of hypotension.
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