Cardiac-type symptoms and treatment

More often, cardinal-type VSDs are diagnosed by women in women. In children, this pathology manifests itself during puberty. Functional disturbances of the heart muscle can be provoked by one factor or several at once.

The cardiological type of vegetative-vascular dystonia occurs with impaired functioning of the limbic region of the brain, the hypothalamus. In this case, the response process is disrupted, which is manifested by relaxation, vasospasm under the influence of internal / external factors. Organs, tissues do not receive the necessary oxygen and nutrients. Scientists have found that the trigger mechanism of the pathology under consideration are stressful situations.

Vegetative-vascular dystonia can be triggered by the following internal factors:

  • hypodynamia;
  • osteochondrosis of the cervical spine;
  • hereditary predisposition;
  • foci of infection (chronic);
  • physiological hormonal changes in the body, which are represented by pregnancy, puberty, menopause;
  • personality traits (anxiety, suspiciousness, accentuation).

Of the external provoking factors, the following should be indicated:

  • brain injury;
  • hypothermia;
  • poisoning;
  • tobacco smoking;
  • insolation;
  • intense exercise;
  • emotional overstrain, which is chronic in nature;
  • harmful working conditions;
  • alcohol abuse.

Improper functioning of the nervous and endocrine systems provokes the appearance of signs of failure of homeostasis in the body. These symptoms manifest as activation of tissue hormones (serotonin, histamine, catecholamine). The consequence is a metabolic disorder, microcirculation inside the myocardium, the development of dystrophic processes in the field of cellular structures.

The true causes of the appearance of the disease in question have not yet been clarified, but doctors identify several factors that may well be provocative. These include:

  • heredity – vegetative-vascular dystonia in this case will develop in early childhood, but it remains at an older age;
  • some somatic diseases of a chronic nature – for example, pathologies of the endocrine, digestive, cardiovascular systems;
  • diseases of the peripheral and / or central nervous system;
  • chronic overwork;
  • exposure to stress and depression.

According to statistics, most often, vegetative-vascular dystonia develops against a background of neurosis, and the only manifestation may be symptoms of a catarrhal disease (a classic acute respiratory viral infection). If we consider the mechanism of development of the disease in question against a background of neurosis, then we can meet several points:

  1. A person experiences severe stress, this condition is especially dangerous against the background of psychological exhaustion or overstrain.
  2. The body (in particular, the brain) is not able to cope with this situation and the psyche simply “hides” the problem.
  3. But after all, a signal has already arrived to the brain about the pathology, and it begins to show a problem, acting specifically on the internal organs – a person may suddenly experience pain in the stomach or heart and the like.

Doctors say that regular stresses, inability / inability to express one’s feelings in words, isolation of a person, deep feelings alone can lead to this state. The condition worsens against the background of the use of alcoholic beverages, smoking, emotional instability.

Cardiovascular vegetative-vascular dystonia develops due to impaired functioning of the limbic region of the brain and hypothalamus.

Moreover, the whole mechanism is triggered mainly by stressful situations.

There are many causes of the disease, but the main ones are:

  • chronic infection or poisoning;
  • hypodynamia;
  • osteochondrosis;
  • hormonal disorders;
  • heredity;
  • heavy exercise;
  • bad habits;
  • hypothermia;
  • head injuries.

Pathologies of metabolic processes, dystrophic processes of cells and microcirculation in the myocardium occur.

Cardiac syndrome can develop for a variety of reasons. The combination of individual factors together causes functional changes in the work of the heart and characteristic manifestations.

Cardioneurosis with its symptoms and treatment is a special psychogenic group of somatoform disorders that mimic other diseases. In this case, cardiovascular.

Cardiac and vascular dystonia of the cardiac type can develop immediately after:

  • quarrels in the family;
  • conflict at work;
  • death of a loved one;
  • experiences during the exams;
  • disorders of the sexual sphere of life.

Naturally, far from every person, cardiac syndrome will manifest itself after these situations.

There are also predisposing factors that represent a favorable background for the development of cardioneurosis:

  • periods of body restructuring and hormonal imbalance;
  • prolonged chronic stress;
  • chronic diseases;
  • chronic fatigue;
  • emotional and physical exhaustion;
  • bad habits;
  • chronic intoxication;
  • increased physical activity;
  • poor nutrition, lack of nutrients in food.

The disease develops as a result of a violation of the controlling function of the hypothalamus and limbic region of the brain of the autonomic innervation of the vessels of the body. There is a violation of the adequate response process in the form of relaxation and spasm of blood vessels to the effects of internal and external factors. This creates unfavorable conditions for the intake of organs and tissues of nutrients, oxygen. The trigger mechanism of pathology, scientists consider stressful situations.

Factors contributing to the development of vegetative-vascular dystonia include the following.

  • chronic foci of infection;
  • osteochondrosis of the spine in the cervical spine;
  • hypodynamia;
  • personality traits (suspiciousness, anxiety, accentuation);
  • physiological hormonal changes (menopause, pregnancy, puberty);
  • hereditary predisposition.
  • intense exercise;
  • poisoning;
  • insolation, hypothermia;
  • alcohol abuse;
  • nicotine addiction;
  • harmful working conditions;
  • brain injury;
  • chronic emotional overstrain.

Against the background of malfunctioning of the nervous and endocrine system, there are signs of a violation of homeostasis in the body, which are manifested by the activation of tissue hormones (histamine, serotonin, catecholamines). This leads to the pathology of metabolic processes, impaired microcirculation in the myocardium and the development of dystrophic processes of cellular structures.

The clinical picture in the case of VVD according to the cardiological type

A characteristic feature of cardiac-type VSD, distinguishing this form of the pathological condition from others, is a pronounced pain syndrome. Discomfort and pain in the heart often confuse doctors, especially when there are no signs of damage to the heart muscles or other cardiac problems. Pain with a cardiological type of VSD is localized in the region and can take on a compressive, burning, or even bursting character.

The only feature that may indicate that these uncomfortable sensations develop due to cardiovascular type of vegetative dystonia is the fact that this condition always manifests itself against the background of serious experiences and stress. Cardiological type of VVD may occur with the predominance of certain syndromes. Thus, several forms of the course of the IRR according to the cardiological type can be revealed, including:

  1. Cardialgic form. In this case, the pain is localized in the heart
  2. Arrhythmic form. With this option, there are pains against the background of heart rhythm disturbances, expressed by atrial fibrillation, extrasystole, and in rare cases, ventricular fibrillation.
  3. Tachycardic form. In this case, there are attacks of heart palpitations. Tachycardia with VVD may appear completely unexpected for the patient, and disappears without additional drug treatment. Often in this case, tachycardia develops after eating, as well as with strong emotional stress.
  4. Bradycardic form. This is a rather rare form of cardiac-type VSD, and its characteristic feature is the predominance of low heart rate.

There are a number of nonspecific symptoms that allow you to make the correct diagnosis and confirm the presence of VVD with cardiac manifestations. Nonspecific symptoms can be expressed:

  • deterioration of health when the weather changes;
  • deterioration during physical exertion;
  • frequent headaches;
  • frequent mood swings;
  • tremors in arms and legs;
  • lethargy;
  • apathy;
  • sleep disturbance.

Among other things, often attacks of pain in cardiac-type VDS are reminiscent of the manifestations of angina pectoris, but at the same time they are not stopped by medicines, including nitroglycerin. Thus, to confirm the diagnosis and treatment, it is necessary to differentiate DIC from other diseases characterized by damage to heart tissue.

Types of VSD

All the characteristic symptoms for vegetative-vascular dystonia are associated primarily with pathological changes in the vessels. It is on the tone in which they are located, and the classification of the disease in question will depend.

This type is characterized by high vascular tone, high blood pressure, and patients complain of heart palpitations, hot flashes, headaches and fatigue.

In this case, manifestations of vegetative-vascular dystonia will be associated with a low vascular tone – low blood pressure is diagnosed in patients. Hypotonic type vegetative-vascular dystonia is characterized by general weakness, darkening in the eyes, fainting, sudden changes in blood pressure, lower / upper limbs are almost always cold.

VSD – mixed type

Such a development of the disease in question is characterized by instability, variability of vascular tone. And the blood pressure readings will not have a clear sign – they either become too high, then suddenly decrease to a possible minimum. Doctors say that if a patient is diagnosed with a mixed type of VVD, then you need to be prepared for the onset of symptoms characteristic of both the hypotonic type of the disease and hypertension.

This type of the disease in question can be diagnosed in patients who complain of severe pain in the heart. They do not have any particular character, they can be aching and pulsating, often there is a feeling of disturbances in the heartbeat. Moreover, such periodically occurring pain in the region of the heart does not worsen the general state of human health, and a full examination excludes the development of heart pathology.

It is always accompanied by disturbances in the respiratory system. Against the background of difficulty breathing, the inability to take a full breath, the patient begins to lower blood pressure.

The main thing in the treatment of this ailment is to adapt the body to various stressful situations as quickly as possible. How exactly to do this, the doctor determines based on all the tests and studies.

However, the entire treatment is divided into two types – medication and non-medication.

Drug treatment It consists in taking the following drugs:
  • sedatives (valerian and motherwort), which positively affect the nervous system;
  • tranquilizers, which are used to increase blood pressure and improve the central nervous system;
  • nootropic drugs that increase the resistance of the brain to hypoxia;
  • antidepressants that reduce the signs of depression, irritability and anxiety;
  • atropine, normalizing heart rate;
  • cerebroprotectors that improve blood supply to the brain;
  • beta-adrenergic blockers – drugs necessary to affect the sympathetic nervous system of the body.
Non-drug treatment Consists of the following methods:

In addition, doctors recommend that you do not give up physical activity, for example, skiing or cycling. It is important to observe the daily routine and lead a healthy lifestyle. The patient should have enough time for a good rest. Heavy physical exertion and work associated with harmful working conditions should also be avoided.

The problem is that a woman in this position cannot take most drugs. Therefore, treatment is based on taking sedative drugs and various vitamin complexes. In addition, difficulties arise with the diagnosis, so the symptoms of the disease in pregnant women are quite wide.

Therefore, a lot depends on the woman herself. It is important for her to learn to independently control her own psycho-emotional state, although this is quite difficult. But irritability, anxiety and tearfulness during this period can lead to serious depression.

It is important to avoid overwork and serious physical exertion. If it is not possible to go on maternity leave earlier, then you should try to increase the number of breaks at work or achieve a reduction in working hours.

Diagnosis of a disease such as cardiological type of intracranial vascular disease begins with collecting a patient’s medical history and conducting an ECG and ultrasound of the heart, which eliminates changes in the cardiovascular system that can provoke the existing signs of the disease in a particular person. Considering that with the cardiac type of the course of vegetovascular dystonia, there are painful sensations in the chest that can cause significant discomfort to a person, medication is required in this case.

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Cardiac-type VSD treatment is performed using:

  • sedatives;
  • antidepressants;
  • nootropics;
  • beta adenoblockers;
  • peripheral cholinomimetics;
  • cerebroprotectors;
  • tranquilizers.

Sedatives can increase the stability of the nervous system to stress and emotional stress. Tranquilizers are used when patients have signs of bradycardia. In addition, they contribute to the normalization of the nervous system and have an antiarrhythmic effect. Antidepressants are a necessary component of the treatment of those people who are prone to increased anxiety and irritability, and in addition, they contribute to the normalization of mood.

Symptoms

A characteristic symptom of the cardiac type of VSD is cardiological syndrome. With him, the patient is concerned about pain in the area of ​​the heart, which does not have a clear localization. Pain syndrome can be of a different nature (baking, compressing, bursting). Pain usually occurs after an emotional shock, an acute stressful situation.

Dystonia can be determined by the patient’s emotional state. With this pathology, complaints arise about sleep disturbance, a feeling of nervousness, anxiety, and tearfulness. Various fears may manifest, the main of which is the fear of death.

Depending on which symptoms of VVD prevail, cardiologists distinguish several types of clinical picture of pathology:

  1. Cardialgic. He is considered the main one. It is expressed by slight discomfort in the region of the heart, cardiac paroxysmal pains without specific localization (felt throughout the chest). There is pain during exercise, at rest.
  2. Tachycardic. With him, doctors diagnose tachycardia (more than 90 strokes per minute). The patient has a feeling of lack of air, headaches, sweating increases, panic and fear seize him.
  3. Bradycardic. This type is characterized by a decrease in the number of heart beats (up to 60 beats / min, sometimes less). The patient is disturbed by a feeling of cold in the lower extremities, headache and heart, decreased physical activity, dizziness.
  4. Arrhythmic. This type is manifested by a failure of the rhythms of heart contractions. In most cases, there is extrasystole (this condition is characterized by contraction of the heart muscle out of turn). There is a pallor of the epidermis, lack of air, lethargy, a feeling of fear. Atrial fibrillation is occasionally manifested.

Also, the pathology under consideration may be accompanied by concomitant signs:

  • chills;
  • insomnia;
  • mood swings;
  • apathy;
  • excessive sweating of the feet, palms;
  • trembling throughout the body (periodic);
  • headaches like migraines;
  • tremor of extremities;
  • weather dependence;
  • poor tolerance of physical, mental stress.

If a person is bothered by bouts of one per month, fainting, he is considered unsuitable for military service.

Symptoms of cardiovascular vegetative dystonia depend on the possible forms of pathology:

  1. The cardialgic form is characterized by cutting, squeezing, shooting, burning, stitching or aching prolonged pain in the heart. More often it is felt in the projection of the apex of the heart, but in some cases there is no strict localization. The pain appears after stress or emotional stress and recedes after taking sedatives or on their own.
  2. The tachycardic form is characterized by a high heart rate – 120 beats per minute. It occurs unexpectedly and passes on its own. It often manifests itself after severe stress or eating.
  3. The bradycardic form (the rarest) is characterized by a slow heartbeat.
  4. The arrhythmic form is characterized by interruptions in the work of the heart (atrial fibrillation, extrasystole, less often – ventricular fibrillation).

In addition, the IRR by cardiological type has some non-specific signs:

  • increased sweating;
  • decreased appetite, sleep disturbance;
  • weather dependence;
  • emotional instability, frequent changes in mood;
  • high fatigue;
  • apathy, possibly a depressive state, weakness, lethargy;
  • fever, chills, tremor of limbs;
  • a sharp deterioration in well-being during physical exertion;
  • headache.

However, according to these symptoms, it is impossible to immediately unequivocally establish the presence of cardiac-type VVD. For an accurate diagnosis, you should contact the therapist for an examination, which includes the following studies:

  • analysis of urine and blood;
  • computed and magnetic resonance imaging (CT and MRI);
  • electrocardiogram (ECG);
  • Ultrasound of the heart with dopplerography;
  • echocardiography (echocardiography);
  • daily monitoring will allow you to see the work of the heart muscle throughout the day;
  • bicycle ergometry will help determine the response of the heart to physical activity;
  • coronary angiography;
  • myocardial scintigraphy.

If, according to such studies, no diseases of the cardiovascular system are detected, then we can conclude that we are talking about cardiovascular vegetative dystonia.

Also, to confirm the diagnosis by establishing neurological markers of the IRR, it is recommended to consult a neurologist.

The disease in question can manifest itself in different ways – several syndromes are identified and described by medicine, which are considered signs of vegetative-vascular dystonia.

This syndrome is intense and is characterized by rapid breathing, holding the breath and lack of air. Patients will experience a feeling of shortness of breath, a false spasm of the larynx occurs on inspiration – a person thinks that he is starting to suffocate. And such a state necessarily leads to a panic attack – absolutely everyone is afraid of death.

  • violation of sensitivity around the mouth and near the nose;
  • decreased sensitivity in the feet and hands;
  • muscle cramps without specific localization;
  • dizziness.

In vegetative-vascular dystonia, the majority of patients (up to 89%) complain of increased sweating. This syndrome manifests itself during seizures – palms sweat, sweat droplets protrude on the forehead and throughout the face, during periods of absence of seizures, the sweating process is not disturbed.

This syndrome manifests itself in different ways with the disease in question – it can be intense and weak. But in any case, patients will complain of a violation of the heart rhythm (rapid or slow heartbeat), sudden changes in blood pressure. Often with cardiovascular syndrome, there are chilliness of bones and feet, pronounced pallor of the skin (“marbling”), hot flashes (they mimic menopause in women). In some cases, vegetative-vascular dystonia is manifested by cardialgic syndrome – for it there will be characters:

  • pains in the region of the heart of a different nature – aching, sharp, throbbing;
  • uncomfortable sensation in the area of ​​the anatomical location of the heart – they are difficult to describe from the patient himself.

Please note: such symptoms are also characteristic of angina pectoris, but it’s easy to differentiate two such different diseases – cardiac syndrome with angina occurs only after physical exertion, and when taking nitroglycerin, everything goes away within a few minutes. With vegetative-vascular dystonia, the same syndrome occurs in absolute rest, and nitroglycerin does not give the expected effect.

Cystalgia

It manifests itself with frequent urination. Moreover, patients do not associate this condition with the use of too much fluid, and doctors do not reveal any violations in the functioning of the kidneys and urinary system.

Vegetative-vascular dystonia can also be felt in pain in the abdomen (aching, spastic discomfort), and a violation of the stool, and false urge to defecate. But in some patients, against the background of the progression of the disease in question, several other signs of an upset digestive system may appear. These include:

  • impaired appetite – interest in food may either disappear altogether, or, conversely, gluttony may begin;
  • nausea and vomiting that occurs immediately after eating food;
  • the swallowing act is violated – it is difficult for the patient to take even a sip of water;
  • non-intense pain in the epigastric region or “under the pit of the stomach”.

Please note: with such manifestations of vegetative-vascular dystonia, the patient should exclude somatic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract – for example, peptic ulcer of the stomach / duodenum.

This is an unstable body temperature – the patient periodically experiences chilliness, he is cold even in a warm room. Some patients, on the contrary, note a spontaneous increase in temperature – this condition is well tolerated, characteristic weakness / drowsiness / headaches for respiratory viral or inflammatory diseases are absent.

Hypertensive-type VSD Nausea and vomiting are noted, regardless of the meal. Decreased appetite, up to a complete loss of interest in food. Intermittent headaches of a non-intense nature. Sweating is increased, in the period of exacerbation of the VSD, it is the palms that sweat strongly. There is a sense of fear that defies logical explanation. “Flies” periodically appear before the eyes. Cardiac-type VSD Cardiopalmus. Periodically appearing pains in the region of the heart of a variable nature. Arrhythmia. Slow heartbeat. Increased sweating. VVD by hypotonic type Lowering blood pressure. General weakness. Pallor of the skin. Violation of respiratory activity – patients cannot take a full breath. Nausea and / or heartburn. Stool disorders – diarrhea or constipation. Mixed type IRR Arrhythmia, tachycardia. An attack of fear of near death due to problems in the heartbeat. Violation of respiratory activity – the patient does not have enough air. Pain with localization in the heart. Pre-fainting conditions – sudden dizziness, darkening in the eyes. Increased sweating of the lower / upper extremities. VVD on vagotonic type Slow heartbeat. Salivation increased. Violations of the gastrointestinal tract. Lowering blood pressure. Difficulty breathing.

Diagnosis of vegetative-vascular dystonia

The functional pathology of the heart, which is observed with the cardiac type of VVD, should be differentiated from organic lesions, such as myocardial infarction, angina pectoris, and valve apparatus disturbance.

In ICD-10, vegetative-vascular dystonia is not considered as an independent disease. It does not have a separate code. The cardiologist makes the diagnosis on the basis of violations that provoked the IRR. Under the code G24, the ICD-10 considers a disease such as dystonia.

With this disease, it is difficult to make a correct diagnosis. The patient is referred for consultation to several specialists (depending on the manifesting signs of pathology). This may be a therapist, cardiologist, endocrinologist.

Most often, for the diagnosis of autonomic dysfunction, the following methods are prescribed:

When a person seeks medical help with complaints about the above conditions, the specialist should exclude any somatic disease – this is done first. This means that the patient will have to undergo a full examination of the body – from a laboratory study of blood / urine / feces to computed tomography.

The next step is to visit a neuropsychiatrist. Only such a narrow specialist can work qualitatively with the patient and highlight the reasons that provoked the development of the condition in question. And in this case, do not be shy, ashamed and ignore a visit to a neuropsychiatrist. Firstly, this is not a psychiatrist and he does not treat exclusively mental patients. And secondly, without clarifying the causes of this condition, it will not be possible to carry out adequate, effective therapy.

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In the International Classifier of Diseases, vegetative-vascular dystonia is not indicated as an independent disease. Therefore, it does not have separate code. The diagnosis is made due to disorders that cause VVD. In the case of dystonia, the cardiac type is classified according to the mcb-10 G24 code.

The patient must not easily tell about all his feelings, and describe the symptoms in detail. Based on the symptoms, the necessary studies are assigned.

For this, the following are most often used:

  • electrocardiogram;
  • Ultrasound;
  • MRI and computed tomography;
  • lab tests.

Treatment of vegetative-vascular dystonia

The course of therapy is usually delayed for several months. Treatment of vegetative-vascular dystonia is prescribed by a specialist after collecting an anamnesis, the results of a laboratory study, an instrumental examination. The basis of therapy is the elimination of the etiological factors that provoke the VSD, strengthening emotional resistance to stress.

The specialist usually recommends adjusting the lifestyle. This applies to nutrition (you need to eat foods containing more potassium, magnesium). These minerals have the following effects:

  • thin the blood, which prevents thrombosis;
  • improve the functioning of the conduction system of the heart.

It is recommended to include dishes from the following products in the menu:

Specialists prescribe drug, non-drug therapy for cardiac type of dystonia, which can be taken at home.

Medication is represented by the use of the following drugs:

  • herbal sedatives. Effective consider tinctures motherwort, peony, valerian. They relieve neuropsychic stress, lower blood pressure (BP);
  • Nootropics (Cerebrolysin, Pyrocetam). Normalize mental processes, increase the resistance of brain tissue to hypoxia;
  • tranquilizers (“Mobicor”, “Relanium”, “Diazepam”). Their goal is the normalization of the nervous system. Drugs have antiarrhythmic effects, increase blood pressure;
  • peripheral cholinomimetics (“Atropine”). Increases the frequency of contractions of the heart muscle;
  • beta-blockers (“Betaxalol”, “Atenolol”). Eliminate signs of heart rhythm disturbance, reduce the effect of the sympathetic nervous system, lower heart rate;
  • antidepressants (“Azafen”, “Amitriptyline”, “Metoprolol”). Reduce irritability, anxiety, improve mood;
  • cerebroprotectors (“Cavinton”, “Dolargin”). Contribute to improved cerebral blood flow.

Also, the pathological condition is eliminated through non-drug methods:

  • physiotherapeutic procedures (massage, Charcot’s douche, electrophoresis with novocaine, aeroionotherapy, pearl baths);
  • health food;
  • Exercise therapy, breathing exercises;
  • acupuncture, reflexology;
  • climatotherapy;
  • sanatorium-resort treatment; reception of mineral waters;
  • auto-training, psychological exercises.

Experts recommend regular aerobic exercise in the form of swimming, cycling, skiing, and athletic walking in patients with cardiac-type VSD. It is also necessary to comply with the rational regime of the day, rest, fully eat. It is advisable to exclude occupational hazards, stressful situations, heavy physical exertion. To restore the functioning of the nervous system, a patient with VVD is recommended to have a nap, creative work, and long walks in the evenings.

Doctors attribute vegetative-vascular dystonia (with cardioneurosis) to chronic diseases in which the patient needs constant medical supervision and regular medical measures aimed at preventing relapse.

The cardiologist selects the therapeutic course, dosage of medications individually, given the following nuances:

  • risk factors;
  • type of disease;
  • severity of symptoms.

Quite often, VVD develops during pregnancy due to hormonal changes that occur in the body. In such a delicate position, a woman should not take most medications. Therefore, the therapy of VVD in pregnant women is to take sedatives, vitamin complexes.

You need to be especially careful if the VVD develops in a child. Vegetative-vascular dystonia is much more severe in children. In the treatment of this group of patients, doctors use all methods that can stabilize the mental state, eliminate signs of pathology. These measures will help to cure a disorder of the autonomic nervous system and prevent its chronization.

In the process of treating this pathological condition, it is necessary to stop the symptoms and eliminate irritating factors. This can be done with drugs that normalize and stabilize the nervous system. These are medicines from the following groups:

  1. Sedative drugs eliminate overexcitation, nervous tension. These include Valosedan, Valocardin.
  2. Nootropic drugs help improve metabolic processes in the brain.
  3. Adaptogens increase the body’s resistance to irritants, stresses and the harmful effects of the environment. These include Tomersol, Metaprot.
  4. Anxiolytics and tranquilizers reduce fear, anxiety, normalize sleep and fight panic attacks. Phenazepam and Tofisopam fall into this category, they are used for bradycardia.
  5. Antidepressants normalize the psychoemotional background, help fight depression. These include Amizol, Flunisan.
  6. Cerebroprotectors improve blood circulation in the brain.
  7. Alpha-adrenergic agonists increase heart rate and blood pressure by improving vascular tone. These are drugs such as mefentermin, phenylephrine.
  8. Beta-adrenoreceptor blockers stabilize the heart rate and lower heart rate by reducing the influence of the sympathetic nervous system. This group includes Esmolol, Nebivolol. Applied with tachycardia and extrasystole.
  9. Magnesium preparations, vitamin complexes, preparations with trace elements restore the nervous system, make up for the lack of vitamins.

In addition to drug treatment of cardiac-type VSD, it is recommended to use other methods. For instance:

  • psychotherapy;
  • electrophoresis with novocaine;
  • hydromassage;
  • physiotherapy;
  • Charcot’s douche;
  • massage;
  • physiotherapy (electrosleep, acupuncture, darsonvalization);
  • dieting;
  • aeroionotherapy;
  • hydromassage;
  • acupuncture;
  • hydrotherapy;
  • reflexology.

Treatment will give a positive result only if you normalize your lifestyle and adhere to it constantly.

There is no specific medical treatment for the disease in question – everything is selected exclusively on an individual basis. Psychoneurologists will help the patient to understand their internal problems, adjust the body’s response to the release of adrenaline or insulin, inadequate behavior of all organs and systems. But besides this, the following recommendations will be given:

  1. Learn to work on any of the relaxation techniques – for example, do yoga.
  2. To master respiratory gymnastics – this will help to quickly tidy up the nervous system at the initial stage of development of an attack of vegetative-vascular dystonia.
  3. Properly allocate time for rest and work – do not refuse a banal day off for the sake of a career or financial well-being.
  4. Do not “lock yourself in” – you need to constantly maintain communication with someone: it can be relatives, friends, work colleagues.
  5. Exclude alcohol from life – remember that it gives an imaginary feeling of relief, but actually only increases the number of problems.
  6. Refusing cigarettes / cigarettes – for some patients, it turns out to be more difficult than refusing alcohol. In this case, you can use all modern methods – nicotine patches, special aerosols, tablets and chewing gums.
  7. Carry out tempering procedures – a contrast shower will be enough to stimulate / train the entire body.

Please note: in especially severe cases, the doctor may prescribe some medications to stabilize the condition – it can be antidepressants, sedatives. But such appointments should be made only by a specialist on the basis of a patient examination, confirmation of the diagnosis – even the simplest drugs, for example, valerian, cannot be used on their own.

Tsygankova Yana Alexandrovna, medical observer, therapist of the highest qualification category.

What is the treatment for cardiac vse? The approach should be comprehensive. It all starts with the patient’s visit to the doctor in order to be sure of this diagnosis. Moreover, the main rule of the doctor is the treatment of the patient, not the diagnosis. First, you must try to eradicate the cause. Perhaps already this stage of treatment will be enough. The second point is the patient’s personal psychological attitude to his state of health.

When the first two stages are ineffective – the drug is expensive. The safest group of drugs are herbal preparations such as valerian, valocardin, motherwort herb. According to indications, antidepressants, tranquilizers, nootropics and other drugs can be added to treatment. The elimination of symptoms has an important place in the treatment of vsd. This ensures the well-being of the patient, increases his efficiency and activity.

Prevention of autonomic disorders

If the cardiac type of VVD treatment is not started in a timely manner, the following complications may occur:

  • angina pectoris;
  • heart failure;
  • myocardial dystrophy;
  • hypotension;
  • hypertonic disease;
  • myocardial infarction.

With vegetative-vascular dystonia, experts recommend a number of preventive measures. Their goal is to promote health (physical, mental). The main methods for preventing VVD are:

  • physical exercise;
  • proper (balanced) nutrition;
  • massage;
  • playing sports;
  • cold and hot shower;
  • the use of methods of self-regulation of the emotional state;
  • the elimination of bad habits (smoking, alcohol abuse);
  • restriction of caffeinated drinks;
  • walks in the open air;
  • the right way of life.

People who have been diagnosed with VVD are advised to undergo preventive treatment 1–2 times a year. Therapy includes spa treatment, exercise therapy, a visit to a psychotherapist. These measures will help to strengthen health, prevent relapse of the disease.

Vegetative-vascular dystonia is a chronic disease that can hardly be cured. You can only stop symptoms and improve overall well-being. Therefore, if the diagnosis of VVD is made, it must be understood that prevention cannot be avoided.

Must be moderate exercise. To do this, it is best to do some kind of sport, for example, gymnastics, walking or cycling. This helps to strengthen the body, immunity and normalize blood circulation. It is important to understand that in no case should excessive loads be allowed. During sports, you should listen to your body.

Vegetative-vascular dystonia is not complete without a state of nervousness and anxiety. Not only is this harmful to health, it is also bad for the psyche. A person who is constantly in this mood provokes an exacerbation of the disease.

Therefore, it is important to pay attention to your own mental health. If it is impossible to cope with the negative manifestations of the psyche yourself, it is better to consult a psychotherapist. Indeed, a positive attitude is half the success in the treatment of cardiac-type VSD.

In addition, you should drink less drinks that stimulate the central nervous system, such as coffee. This is especially true for the period of exacerbation of the disease. It is better if most of the foods you eat contain magnesium and potassium.

At the first symptoms of dystonia, it is important to seek medical help to start treatment on time. You will also have to pay attention to your health and change your lifestyle. If this is not done, the symptoms will intensify and your health will worsen.

Those people who have previously been diagnosed with VVD with a cardiological type of course need to carefully monitor their physical and emotional health. In order to prevent the reappearance of obvious symptoms after the drug treatment, a person should, if possible, reduce emotional stress and not get into stressful situations, and in addition, properly organize your day.

Various types of respiratory gymnasts can be used as a prophylaxis of the appearance of new seizures caused by cardiological-type VSD, which can not only relieve emotional stress, but also improve the state of blood vessels due to the supply of more oxygen.

Svetlana Borszavich

General practitioner, cardiologist, with active work in therapy, gastroenterology, cardiology, rheumatology, immunology with allergology.
Fluent in general clinical methods for the diagnosis and treatment of heart disease, as well as electrocardiography, echocardiography, monitoring of cholera on an ECG and daily monitoring of blood pressure.
The treatment complex developed by the author significantly helps with cerebrovascular injuries and metabolic disorders in the brain and vascular diseases: hypertension and complications caused by diabetes.
The author is a member of the European Society of Therapists, a regular participant in scientific conferences and congresses in the field of cardiology and general medicine. She has repeatedly participated in a research program at a private university in Japan in the field of reconstructive medicine.

Detonic