The very first pressure measuring devices were the “bloody” devices of Stephen Gales, in which a needle was attached to a vessel attached to a tube with a scale. The Italian Riva-Rocci put an end to the bloodshed by proposing to attach a mercury monometer to the cuff placed on the shoulder.
Nikolai Sergeevich Korotkov in 1905 proposed to attach a mercury monometer to the cuff placed on the shoulder and listen to pressure with the ear. Air was pumped out from the cuff of the pear, the vessels were compressed. Then the air slowly returned to the cuff, and the pressure on the vessels weakened. Using a stethoscope on the vessels of the elbow, tones of the pulse were heard. The first strokes indicated the level of systolic blood pressure, the last – diastolic.
Modern monometers are electronic devices that can do without a stethoscope and record the pressure and heart rate.
Normal blood pressure and heart rate by age
The main indicator of well-being is the normal parameter of blood pressure. According to his measurements, one can judge the work of the heart muscle and vascular health, draw conclusions about the general state of health.
Parameters can increase or decrease, against the background of various pathologies. Differences in measurements often cause the development of serious diseases.
Indicators Blood pressure is measured in mmHg. Optimum indicators are 120/80. The first value denotes the upper, systolic border, and shows the work of the heart muscle during contraction. The second mark shows a diastolic, lower parameter when the muscle is in a relaxed state.
The discrepancy between the upper and lower boundaries is a pulse parameter, normally it is 35 mm Hg. Art.
The normal heart rate is 60-90 beats per minute. Blood pressure and heart rate are related. In the presence of pathologies, the pulse is rapid, and the pressure is low. Or both measurement parameters are increased.
Despite the existing optimal boundary, the parameters vary in age. There may not be the same mark when measuring a baby, adolescent or an elderly person.
For example, in newborns, blood pressure is low, and in the elderly, low measurement parameters are a pathology.
Let us consider in more detail what marks of measurements should be depending on age, and what indicates a deviation.
Children’s age is the interval from birth to 9 years. Blood pressure in this interval is constantly changing. In newly born babies, the indicators are much lower than in older children.
|Age period||Blood pressure (minimum / maximum)||Heart rate (minimum / maximum)|
|0 – 2 weeks||60 / 40; 96 / 50||100; 150|
|2 – 3,5 weeks||80 / 40; 112 / 74||100; 150|
|2 months – 1 year||90 / 50; 112 / 74||90; 120|
|1 – 3||100 / 60; 112 / 74||80; 120|
|3 – 5||100 / 60; 116 / 76||70; 120|
|6 – 9||100 / 60; 122 / 78||70; 120|
The child gets older, and blood pressure readings increase. The phenomenon is explained by the fact that the structurality of the vessels changes, and at the same time the vascular tone increases.
A slight decrease in indicators can be a pathology, and indicates a slowdown in the development of the cardiovascular system. No need to panic. With age, in a healthy child, the readings come to the optimum mark. But, a preventive examination should be carried out, as well as periodically monitor the parameters and indicators of the pulse.
In childhood, blood pressure may increase due to physical exertion.
The older the child, the less heartbeat becomes. A rapid pulse in a child indicates the following pathologies:
- dysfunction of the thyroid gland;
- not enough magnesium with calcium;
- side effects of certain drugs;
- change of emotional background.
A rare pulse occurs from an excess of magnesium, with cardiac and vascular pathologies. The pulse should slow down when falling asleep. A rapid pulse at night can be a symptom of a disease, due to the presence of various diseases.
|Age period||Min / Max Blood Pressure (mmHg)||Pulse (min / max)|
|11 – 12||110 / 70; 126 / 82||70; 130|
|13 – 15||110 / 70; 136 / 86||60; 110|
|15 – 17||110 / 70; 130 / 90||60; 110|
With the child entering adolescence, norms are practically compared with adults.
But, in adolescence, pressure often jumps, because the hormonal background changes, there is a restructuring of the whole organism. With constant changes in the direction of increase or decrease, an examination of the thyroid gland and heart muscle is usually prescribed.
Heart palpitations are not attributed to the pathology of adolescence. Thus, the heart muscle adapts to the accelerated growth of the body.
With age, the upper limit of pressure becomes higher. The lower one, on the contrary, rises during the first half of life, and decreases with age.
|Age period||In men||Women|
|20 – 29||126/79||120/75|
|30 – 39||129/81||127/80|
|40 – 49||135/83||137/84|
|50 – 59||142/85||144/85|
|60 – 69||142/82||159/85|
|70 – 79||147/82||157/83|
|80 and older||145/78||150/79|
Judging by the norm of pressure in a person by age in the table, the older a person becomes, the more the vascular walls change. If the pressure readings increase or decrease by no more than 10 mmHg. pillar, this will be the norm, and there is no reason to worry.
The pulse of an adult should fall within the range of 60 to 100 heartbeats per minute. Deviations to a greater or lesser level indicate problems with the thyroid gland or heart muscle. When measuring, you can check the norm of human pressure in adults according to the table above.
It is necessary to pay attention to deviations from the norm in terms of pressure and pulse, when a person has reached the age of 50 years. In the period from 50 to 60, people often develop pathological processes of the kidneys, diabetes mellitus, atherosclerosis. The main indicator of well-being are the parameters of the measured pressure.
According to the above table on the norms of indicators of blood pressure in adults, we can talk about the development of hypertension with parameters exceeding the permissible value of 140 to 90.
To normalize the parameters, it is necessary to find out the reason for the high rates, and prescribe the correct treatment. After diagnosis and treatment, the patient is advised to adhere to certain daily rules. It is necessary to adjust the nutrition, move more, and constantly monitor the pressure parameters, and have information about what pressure should be by age.
After the age of fifty years in women, the differences are explained by the transition to the menopause, frequent stresses, and the risk of becoming pregnant. Hypertensive symptoms, tachycardia may disturb. Blood pressure in women, by age, is significantly different from men’s. Ladies are more likely to suffer from drops, and their risk of developing hypertension is higher.
Closer to 60 years, the permissible value of Blood pressure 140 to 90, in men and women, is not a pathology. In women, the norm can be even higher.
Normal indicators of pressure in a person who has reached the age of 40 also deserve special attention. It is from this age period that the indicators begin to increase, and this will be an acceptable value.
In men under 40, blood pressure parameters were higher compared to women. After 40 years, on the contrary, women begin to get ahead of men, because they are undergoing hormonal changes in the whole organism, and their level of measurement will increase.
Due to the physiological characteristics of adult men and women and girls, their blood pressure will vary. This can be seen in the above table for an adult.
In people of the opposite sex, blood with different strength passes through the arteries. Therefore, blood pressure indicators are different.
Women are more likely to need pressure adjustments. The female body is almost constantly in the process of hormonal changes. As a result, due to changes in blood pressure, it is difficult for a woman to concentrate on a specific task, her working capacity is reduced, sometimes it seems that blood literally hits her head.
The listed features are taken into account when compiling a table of normal blood pressure in a person by age.
Everyone should be able to measure pressure. With the help of self-control, it is possible to prevent the development of stroke, heart attack, renal pathology.
For home measurement, it is better to purchase an automatic blood pressure monitor. To verify the numbers, you can use the table of blood pressure of norms by age. Measuring with a hand-held device requires certain skills, and self-measurement can make mistakes.
To obtain reliable measurement results, it is necessary to adhere to the following recommendations:
- you need to sit down or lie down in a comfortable position, and completely calm down;
- it is necessary to wait until breathing becomes even, calm;
- it is desirable that there is support for the back;
- the hand on which the measurement is performed should lie on a flat surface and not move;
- from the moment of the last meal, at least an hour should pass;
- during the operation of the tonometer you can not talk and move;
- measurement parameters should be removed from both hands. The interval between measurements is at least 10 minutes.
If the device showed significant deviations by the age criterion, it is necessary to seek medical help.
Deviations from normal pressure in a person by age can indicate the following:
- high blood pressure. Indicators exceeding the norm are observed with vascular spasms, neuroses, pathological processes of the heart muscle, and cerebral blood flow disorders;
- low pressure is also a pathological abnormality, and can be caused by a change in the structure of the blood, impaired thyroid function. A low indicator occurs with hepatitis at various stages of development, arrhythmias, tuberculosis, osteochondrosis of the cervical spine, liver pathologies of a different nature, with problems with the stomach.
When the measurement parameters are rejected by isolated cases, and there are no accompanying symptoms, there is no reason to worry. When the parameters deviate from the norm constantly, up or down, it is impossible to delay with a trip to the doctor.
The oldest and most basic clinical human biomarker is the pulse. It manifests itself in the form of jerky and rhythmic waves of high pressure (trigger waves), propagating at a certain speed along the aorta and medium-sized arteries and reducing the speed of movement (almost damped), with approach to small vessels.
The rhythm of the pulse is due to the number of heart beats, as a result of which, blood is ejected into the arterial system. Each pulsating push into the vascular wall is equal to one systole (contraction) of the lower chambers (ventricles).
- The pulsation frequency is associated with the cyclical nature of the heart and is a leading criterion in its functional assessment and the functioning of the entire vascular system.
It is possible to diagnose by pulse – disturbances in the heartbeat, their strength and rhythm, vascular state and a number of pathologies requiring emergency treatment.
If the pulse tremors are irregular in certain time intervals, this can indicate both cardiac or hormonal problems, and may be the body’s response to the patient’s addiction to coffee or strong drinks.
|20 years||123 on 76||116 on 72|
|30 years||126 on 79||120 on 75|
|40 years||129 on 81||127 on 80|
|50 years||135 on 83||135 on 84|
|60-65 years||135 on 85||135 on 85|
|Older than 65||135 on 89||135 on 89|
How to measure blood pressure
Normal blood pressure is a parameter that varies depending on a person’s activity. For example, with physical exertion, emotional stress, blood pressure rises, with a sharp rise can fall. Therefore, to obtain reliable parameters, blood pressure should be measured in the morning without getting out of bed. In this case, the tonometer should be located at the level of the patient’s heart. The arm with the cuff should lie horizontally at the same level.
Such a phenomenon as “white coat hypertension” is known, when the patient, regardless of treatment, stubbornly gives an increase in blood pressure in the presence of a doctor. Also, blood pressure can be slightly increased by running up the stairs or straining the muscles of the legs and hips while measuring. To have a more detailed idea of the level of blood pressure of a given person, the doctor may recommend keeping a diary where the pressure is recorded at different times of the day.
Reasons for the increase
Arterial hypertension or hypertension is a chronic disease in which daily high blood pressure is observed, regardless of the emotional state. There are two varieties of the disease: primary and secondary hypertension.
Primary hypertension is high blood pressure found in 85-90% of people with circulatory problems. It is believed that the following factors contribute to the development of primary hypertension:
- age (after 40 years, the average parameter increases by 3 mm Hg per year);
- bad habits (smoking and alcohol cause vascular spasms, decreased elasticity of the walls of the arteries and increase the likelihood of a stroke);
- poor nutrition (especially the abuse of coffee, salt, and foods with hydrolyzed fats in the composition);
- obesity (if the body mass index is more than 25, then there is an increased risk of developing primary hypertension);
- reduced physical activity (lack of regular exercise reduces the body’s adaptive ability to physical and emotional stress);
- lack of sleep (the likelihood of developing hypertension increases if you regularly sleep less than 6 hours a day);
- increased emotionality and prolonged negative experiences.
Secondary hypertension occurs in 10-15% of patients and is a consequence of the development of common diseases. The most common causes of increased pressure in secondary hypertension are as follows:
pathology of the k >
In some cases, the cause of secondary hypertension is medications, such as corticosteroids (dexamethosone, prednisone, etc.), antidepressants (moclobemide, nialamide), non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, hormonal contraceptives (when used after 35 years).
Symptoms of high blood pressure may not occur for a long time, gradually worsening the condition of the heart, kidneys, brain, eyes, and blood vessels. Signs of hypertension in advanced stages of the disease:
- noise in ears;
- heart palpitations (tachycardia);
- “Flies” before the eyes;
- numbness of the fingers.
High blood pressure can be complicated by a hypertensive crisis – a life-threatening condition (especially in old age), which is accompanied by a sharp jump in pressure (upper – more than 160), nausea, vomiting, dizziness, excessive sweating and irregular heart function.
Reducing pressure with medications is used at high risk of complications of hypertension, namely:
- at stably high parameters (more than 160/100 mm mercury column);
- with a combination of hypertension (130/85) with diabetes mellitus, renal failure, coronary artery disease;
- with moderate indicators (140/90) in combination with pathological conditions of the excretory, cardiovascular system (high cholesterol, abdominal obesity, increased creatinine in the blood, atherosclerosis, etc.).
To normalize the pressure, several groups of antihypertensive drugs are used that have a different effect on the cardiovascular system, namely:
- diuretics (dicretics);
- calcium channel blockers;
- beta blockers;
- drugs acting on the renin-angiotensin system;
- medications that affect the central nervous system;
- neurotropic drugs.
Drugs for the treatment of hypertension are prescribed depending on the degree of the disease, concomitant pathologies, weight and other indicators, etc.
If the increase in pressure is accompanied by the usual symptoms and poor health, then you can reduce the indicators using these simple methods:
- rest and relax for 15-20 minutes;
- conduct respiratory gymnastics (should be inhaled by 3 counts and exhaled by 6, while during a long exhalation the parasympathetic nervous system relaxes, which leads to a decrease in tension and pressure);
- lower your hands on the elbow bend in cold water for 4-5 minutes; do the same for the legs;
- apply a compress with cold water to the thyroid gland;
- lie on the floor and place a towel roll under the neck area of the neck, then gently turn your head to the right and left for 2 minutes.
For the prevention of increased pressure, it is necessary to normalize weight, eat right, reduce the intake of salt and fatty foods, engage in physical activity for at least 30 minutes a day.
Arterial hypotension (hypotension) is a chronically lowered blood pressure at which the following parameters are observed: for men – below the norm of 100/70, and for women – below 95/60 mm Hg. Distinguish between physiological (natural for the body) and pathological hypotension.
The state of hypotension is considered the norm in people with a genetic predisposition, among residents of the highlands and among representatives of some professions with high physical activity (ballerinas, athletes, etc.).
Hypotension as a chronic disease occurs as a result of pathological processes in the body (the so-called secondary hypotension) or as an independent disease (primary hypotension). The main reasons that lead to chronic hypotension:
- psycho-emotional stress, vulnerability;
- asthenic physique;
- neurocirculatory dystonia of a hypotonic type;
- mitral stenosis;
- Iron-deficiency anemia;
- lack of vitamins of group B.
Symptoms of hypotension are often confused with signs of fatigue, nervous strain and lack of sleep. Reduced reduced pressure is manifested as follows:
- drowsiness, lethargy, lethargy;
- frequent yawning;
- lack of vigor after a night’s sleep.
A tendency to hypotension often occurs in people who are sensitive to changes in atmospheric pressure, as well as prone to fainting.
You can increase the pressure with the help of agents that have a mild stimulating effect on the body. As a rule, alcohol tinctures or tablets from medicinal plants are used:
Medicines based on plants to eliminate hypotension have a tonic effect and strengthen blood vessels. In this case, the possibility of allergic reactions must be considered. The duration of the course of treatment depends on the individual characteristics of the disease.
Medications with which they raise the level of pressure have different effects on the body and are divided into groups:
- preparations with caffeine in the composition;
- CNS stimulants;
- alpha adrenomimetics;
- corticostero >
Low blood pressure is associated with a decrease in vascular tone, so people who are prone to hypotension need to exercise regularly, as regular exercise helps maintain the cardiovascular system in good condition.
- Essential arterial hypertension (hypertension, see drugs with high blood pressure) gives persistent increases in pressure and hypertensive crises.
- Symptomatic hypertension (adrenal tumors, renal vascular disease) gives the clinic a similar hypertension.
- Vegetative-vascular dystonia is characterized by episodes of jumps in blood pressure, not exceeding 140 to 90, which are accompanied by autonomic symptoms.
- An isolated increase in lower pressure is inherent in renal pathologies (developmental abnormalities, glomerulonephritis, renal vascular atherosclerosis, or their stenosis). If the diastolic pressure exceeds 105 mmHg. for more than two years, the risk of cerebral catastrophes has increased by 10, and heart attack by five times.
- Systolic blood pressure rises more often in the elderly, people with thyroid pathologies, patients with anemia and heart defects.
- An increase in pulse pressure is a serious risk of heart attack or stroke.
With little hypotension, people live quite fully. When the upper blood pressure drops significantly, for example, in shock, the lower blood pressure is also very low. This leads to centralization of blood circulation, multiple organ failure and the development of disseminated intravascular coagulation.
Thus, for a long and full life, a person should monitor his pressure and keep it within the physiological norm.
Adult Heart Rate Scale
Heart rate and blood pressure are two interrelated indicators. When the numbers are shifted, the blood pressure in either direction increases or decreases the pulse, as well as a change in its rhythm. Each person should know what these indicators mean.
These are rhythmic tremors that occur inside the walls of arteries, capillaries and veins, provoked by the heart muscle. Against the background of contractions of the heart, the intensity of blood flow in the vessels changes, and the frequency of pulsations also changes.
In addition to heart rate (HR), doctors also note other properties of the pulse:
- amplitude of vibrations.
Pressure refers to the force with which blood acts on the walls of veins and arteries. Indicators Blood pressure depends on how fast and fast the heart contracts and pushes blood, as well as on the volume of blood promoted through the vessels and vascular tone.
In addition to arterial, there are several types of blood pressure:
- Intracardiac. It occurs in the cavities of the heart when its muscles contract. For each department there are certain standards. These indicators may vary depending on the physiology of the human body.
- Venous This pressure arises in the right atrium. It is related to how much blood goes back to the heart.
- Capillary. An important indicator characterizes the blood pressure in the capillaries. It depends on the curvature of small vessels and their tension.
The highest pressure indicators are observed precisely at the exit of blood from the heart (from the left ventricle). Further along the movement along the arteries, the indicators become lower, and in the capillaries very small. Minimum figures are recorded in the veins and at the entrance to the heart (in the right atrium).
When measuring, the tonometer records two indicators: systolic and diastolic pressure. Systole is a contraction of both ventricles of the heart and a discharge of blood into the aorta. The numbers determined by the tonometer at this moment are also called upper pressure. They depend on the resistance of the vessels, as well as on the strength, heart rate.
Diastole is the gap between contractions when the heart is completely relaxed. At this moment, it is completely filled with blood, and the tonometer detects diastolic (lower, cardiac) pressure. It depends only on vascular resistance.
|Age||0-12 months||1-5 years||5-13 years||13-20 years||20-25 years||25-30 years||30-35 years|
|Pulse||100 – 160||90 – 140||70 – 100||60 – 90||60 – 80||60 – 80||60 – 80|
|Age||35-40 years||40-45 years||45-50 years||50-55 years||55-60 years||60-65 years|
|Pulse||60 – 80||60 – 80||60 – 80||65 – 85||70 – 90||70 – 90|
Usually at a young age, few people pay attention to the level of blood pressure. As the body ages, failures in its various systems can lead to deviation of indicators from normal values. However, these factors can be influenced by such external factors as:
- physical exercise;
- psychoemotional state;
- taking medications;
- weather and climatic conditions;
- Times of Day.
On average, in a healthy person, the value of diastolic blood pressure is 120 mm Hg. Art., and normal heart pressure should not exceed 80. However, modern doctors with great care apply to averaged tables compiled only on the basis of the patient’s age. Today, in most cases, an individual approach to the diagnosis of pathologies of the cardiovascular system is practiced.
In an infant, blood pressure and pulse sometimes deviate slightly from the norm. The frequency of heartbeat and blood pressure can change when feeding, while in a hot, dry room. If indicators recover 5-10 minutes after the cessation of exposure to external factors, then do not worry.
In adolescents, indicators can also differ from the standard up or down. This can be caused by hormonal changes in the body, which is also considered the norm, if at the same time there is no deterioration in well-being. By the way, in girls, pressure drops in adolescence are more common.
Modern blood pressure monitors are convenient devices that allow, without having any skills, to independently measure pressure. Many devices are also equipped with a pulse measurement function, so it will not be difficult to control their physical parameters. However, to obtain more accurate results, you must adhere to the following rules:
- before measurements, do not drink caffeinated drinks and smoke;
- 15 minutes before the procedure, you need to exclude physical activity, and it is better to just relax;
- the tonometer may show false results after a meal;
- measurements are carried out in a sitting or lying position;
- during the operation of the tonometer you can not talk and move;
- to obtain more accurate results, the values are taken in turn from each hand with an interval of 10 minutes.
You need to know that the indicators of a person’s diastolic pressure, according to age norms, can gradually increase to 60 years. But systolic pressure has been rising all my life. The pulse has maximum values in infants, then its values decrease and then slightly increase already closer to 60 years.
For doctors, the difference between the upper and lower indicators Blood pressure – pulse pressure is also of great importance. It should be between 35-50 units. Deviations from this norm can also lead to negative consequences.
If the existing tonometer does not have a pulse measurement function, you should know how to correctly determine it manually. There are special points where the ripple is heard most clearly:
Measurements are made by pressing on the indicated points, while counting the number of strokes for a certain period of time. Typically, indicators are calculated per minute or 30 seconds.
The figures obtained in half a minute are multiplied by two. However, the method of manual palpation of the pulse is considered approximate.
To get more accurate indicators, you can use special devices – heart rate monitors.
As can be seen from the above tables, the pulse of an adult healthy person can vary between 60-90 beats / min. Many factors can influence this indicator:
- mental, physical and emotional overload;
- hormonal changes in the body;
- Times of Day;
- environmental conditions in the place of residence;
- age and gender differences.
For example, in women, the pulse in most cases is approximately 7-8 beats more often than in men. And in hot weather, the performance of both sexes will be overestimated. If, after exposure to an external factor, the heart rate returns to normal after about 15-20 minutes, then exceeding or underestimating the indicators is not considered a pathology and does not require medical treatment.
Various factors can also affect blood pressure indicators:
- blood viscosity;
- strength and frequency of contractions of the heart muscle;
- the presence of cholesterol plaques;
- the functioning of organs that produce hormones;
- human lifestyle, bad habits;
- age-related changes in blood vessels and organs;
- diseases affecting the functioning of the cardiovascular system;
- vascular elasticity;
- the presence of excess weight;
- Times of Day;
In women carrying a child, the pressure rises slightly. This is due to an increase in blood volume and hormonal changes in the body. If at the same time the pregnant woman feels well, then there is no danger. If you experience unpleasant symptoms, you must contact a antenatal clinic.
Also of great importance for indicators of blood pressure is the size of the heart. It depends on how much blood it can pump. Therefore, in different periods of life from infancy to old age, the indicators will differ.
Important: Pressure indicators in both men and women should not be higher than the threshold of 140/90 mm Hg. Art.
If blood pressure exceeds these numbers, the patient is diagnosed with arterial hypertension. Drug treatment is prescribed if indicators over 160/90 are recorded. This condition may be accompanied by the following symptoms:
- noise in ears;
- visual impairment;
- nose bleed;
High blood pressure can be observed in athletes. This is due to excessive physical exertion. Therefore, doctors recommend, in addition to strength exercises, to include aerobic loads in the complex. They help strengthen the heart muscle, well expand the blood vessels, thereby preventing jumps in blood pressure.
If blood pressure exceeds age norms, it is necessary to consult a doctor and identify the cause of this condition. Hypertension is a dangerous disease and high blood pressure can lead to serious problems with the cardiovascular system: hypertensive crisis, heart attack, stroke.
Most often, high systolic pressure is diagnosed in women, and an increased lower in both sexes.
This is due to poor blood supply and can lead to irreversible consequences. This condition is called hypotension (arterial hypotension).
But if the patient feels well at low blood pressure, unpleasant symptoms are not observed, which means that there is no reason for panic. But you need to know what to do if the pressure drops below 90/60. In this case, you should immediately consult a doctor. This condition is no less dangerous, like high blood pressure. At low rates, the following symptoms develop:
- muscle weakness;
- visual impairment;
- lethargy, apathy;
- high photosensitivity;
- feeling of cold limbs;
- reduced performance
Hypotension can lead to life-threatening consequences. As a result of a drop in blood pressure, the nutrition of important organs with blood and oxygen is disrupted, which leads to problems with their functioning. Low rates that do not recover for a long time cause tissue death. This condition leads to heart attacks, strokes, renal failure.
In healthy pregnant women, blood pressure does not change until the sixth month of pregnancy. Blood pressure is normal in non-pregnant women.
Further, under the influence of hormones, some increases can be observed, not exceeding 10 mm from the norm. In pathological pregnancy, gestosis can occur with jumps in blood pressure, damage to the kidneys and brain (preeclampsia), or even the development of seizures (eclampsia). Pregnancy with arterial hypertension can worsen the course of the disease and provoke hypertensive crises or a persistent increase in blood pressure. In this case, the correction of drug therapy, observation by a therapist or treatment in a hospital is indicated.
Pressure vs. Weight
The following factors influence pressure indicators:
- the presence of leaking or chronic pathologies, general condition;
- body mass;
The main reason for high blood pressure is poor nutrition and obesity. With the complex treatment of pathology associated with pressure drops, the first medical recommendations relate to weight adjustment. As soon as a person begins to lose weight, it is possible to lower the parameters, and to stabilize the heartbeat.
Each age category has its own weight standards. You can calculate what normal blood pressure should be at a certain age, given the weight of the person. For this purpose, a special formula is applied according to Volynsky. The formula can be used for ages ranging from 17 to 79 years.
To calculate the optimal value, the indicators of the upper, systolic and lower, diastolic borders are separately calculated.
The formula for calculating blood pressure, depending on weight, is as follows:
- systolic border = 109 (0,5 × number of years) (), 1 × mass in kg);
- diastolic border = 63 (0,1 × years of life) (0,15 × mass in kg).
With age, many indicators change in a person. The weight also changes, which means the parameters when measuring pressure.